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VOL. LIX, No. 103 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 1, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Admit Spy Guilt
ings speeded up in Bulgaria's spy
trial yesterday as five more Pro-
testant Churchmen pleaded guilty
and asked for a chance to work
for the Communist-controlled gov-
Their confessions were entered
at the rate of one every 45 min-
SO ROUTINE has the pattern
of self-denunciation become that
several spectators in the court-
room dozed during the session.
Eight defendants in all have
entered pleas of guilty to char-
ges of spying for the United
States and Britain, treason and
black market money dealings
since the trial began Friday.
Seven others still must plead.
Those who appeared on the
stand today were: the Rev. Georgi
Chernov, 46; the Rev. Lambri
Mishkov, 41; the Rev. Georgi Vas-
sev, 48; the Rev. Haralan Popov,
41, and the Rev. Ioncho Drianov,
41. Vassev is a Baptist and Mish-
kov a Congregationalist. The
other three belong to the Pente-
CHERNOV TESTIFIED he and
other pastors had delivered infor-
mation to America on Russian
troops movements and on military
and economic developments.
le said he had been ordered
to collect espionage data by
Cyril Black, former secretary in
the United States political mis-
sion here. He claimed he had
talked with Black during the
period from November, 1944, to
the middle of 1945.
American and British authori-
ties in Sofia have rejected all
charges made by the defendants
in their court recitations. (Black,
now a professor at Princeton Uni-
versity, has denied the accusa-
tions made against him, as have
other Americans accused of com-
Chernov said the Evangelical
Church Council of Bulgaria gave
orders through Protestant pastors
to "praise everything American
and slander all that is Russian."
Forty-six engineers finished the
first semester with an all-"A" av-
crage, according to statistics from
the College of Engineering.
Twelve seniors are on the honor
list: James G. Berry, Arthur R.
Collins, James R. Cornell, Rich-
ard K. Ensign, James V. Halvor-
sen, Ernest S. Kuh, Richard E.
Mason, Finn C. Michelen, Neil
Slagter, Robert G. Slatman, Henry
Smithies, Robert R. Weinstein.
* F 3.
BIGGEST representation was
among the juniors, with 22:
George E. Barker, Raymond J.
Beeley, Roger S. Collard, Peter E.
Davey, John R. Davies, Edward
B. Eriksen, Richard C. Frost, Allan
D. Gordon, John E. Harger, Victor
J. Harris, James R. Hickey, Paul
Other juniors were: Walter
A. Morgan,. Michael M. Potter'
James II. Rice, Robert P. Rohde,
William J. Salot, John i. Smed-
ley, Clifford C. Voice, David S.
Wise, Charles R. Walls.
Sophomores on the list include:
Russell A. Ash, John C. Biery,
Richard E. Hanna, Thomas S.
Herman, John L. Rembowski, Ar-
thur L. Rousseau, Stanley H.
Saulson, Frank H. Tendick, Jr.,
Alvin S. Weinstein, Gerald M.
White, Sumio Yukawa.
One special student completes
the roster: George L. Ingersoll.
Honor lists for other colleges
in the University will be released
later in the week, the office of
the Registrar has announced.
More than half of the 3,500 stu-
dents holding University driving
By JACK BARENSE
James Zarichny and Ernest Goodman, 1948 Progressive candidate
for State Attorney General, have been denied permission to speak on
campus by the University Lecture Committee.
Last Saturday, before the removal of the speaker's ban by the
Regents, the Committee voted to deny a petition from the Young
Progressives which asked approval of Zarichny and Goodman as
speakers in an open meeting of the YP.
Debate To Save
Senate May Be Blocked for Weeks;
Move Seen as Blow to 'Fair Deal'
WASHINGTON.-.P)---.Southern Legislators opened a filibuster to
save the historic right of filibuster in the Senate yesterday after
President Truman himself signalled a showdown to curb such talka-
All Senate legislative machinery came to an immediate standstill.
It may remain blocked for weeks, so long as Dixie orators hold the
Mr. Truman told Senate Democratic leaders to meet the issue
"head on," and Southern Democrats quickly accepted the challenge.
MICHIGAN STATE COLLE(
re-enrollment last December sayi
GE officials had denied Zarichny
ng that he had violated the terms
n)f a disciplinary probation by at-
tending a town meeting addressed
by a Communist.
YP Chairman Al Fishman
H ea L a ds was notified yesterday of the
Committee's action. The Com-
mittee's statement foils:
"In view of the apparent pur-
pose of this meeting as stated in
the petition and as evidenced by Cot
the connections of the proposed yea:
The Board of Regents' modifi- speakers with the subject-matter mal
cation of its by-laws concerning of the meeting, the Committee dis- ing
political speeches on campus met approves the petition."
with the hearty approval of Prof. * * CA
Carl G. Brandt, secretary and "THE COMMITTEE can findICA
spokesman for the University Lec- no educational purpose that will
ture Committee which will ad- be served by the use of Univer-
minister the revised ruling. sity facilities for an attack of this
Commenting on the Regents' kind on a sister institution."
action, Prof. Brandt said, w"I feel Ie
that the new regulation is desir- In removing the speakers' ban
able because students of the Uni- the Regents said the Lecture
versity will have greater oppor- Committee should approve
tunity to participate in political speeches "designed to. serve the Eve
educational interests of the ac- ways
discussions and cultivate a more;aenccmuiyrahrta est
genuine interest in the affairs of ademic community rather than versit3
the governmenth"i the political interests of one of fie
t gem party or candidate." tle K
TRAGEDY--Nine students lost their lives in a fire which destroyed 'Old Kenyon,'. 122-
Kenyon College dormitory. The building was completely gutted and damage was esti-
over $1,000,000. Officials believe that the conflagration was started early Sunday morn-
rks from a fireplace igniting carpeting ithe main lounge.
* * *
N'T HAPPEN IERE:
Call U' Fire Prote(
By DAVE THOMAS
ry safety percaution has al-
been taken to protect Uni-
y students against the type
ry catastrophe which hit lit-
enyon College over the week-
University officials declaredl
PROF. BRANDT also echoed
the sentiment expressed in a Daily
editorial Sunday which said thatc
the University Lecture Committee
will need, "courage and wisdomJ
Fishman said this was the see-
in carrying out its vital duties."
The new ruling cancels a sen-
tenee in a by-law passed by the
Regents more than 25 years ago
which prescribed that "speeches
in support of particular candi-
dates of any political party or
faction shall not be permitted"
on University property.
The issue was brought to a head
last spring when several campus
organizations sought to sponsor
speeches by various political can-
didates in last year's Presidential
AT THAT TIME the elogents
-interpreted the existing by-law tf
mean that political speeches could
be held before campus groups or
clubs so long as they were not
open to the public.
The revised by-law states that
lectures may be held on Univer-
sity property, "under guaranty
that during such meetings or
lectures there shall be no viola-I
tion of the recognized rules of
hospitality nor advocacy of the!
subversion of the government."
Prof. Brandt said, "the Lecture
Committee has not had an oppor-
tunity to study the new regula-
tion but will make such a study;
in the immediate future."
West Quad Elects
The West Quad Council held its
semi-annual elections last night.
New officers for the spring se-!
inester are Thoburn Stiles of Chi-
-ago House, president; Edgard R.
Micllef of Winchell House, vice-
president; and Gordon E. Saxon!
of Adams House, treasurer. The i
secretary will be elected at nextj
and time University officials had Mea th
denied Zarichny permission to Meanwhile the death tall from
speak on campus. He said the the fire which swept an aged
first petition was refused on the three-story Gothic dormitary at
grounds that as the organization the Gambier, O., campus has
was changing its name from Wal- mounted to nine.
lace Progressives to Young Pro-
gressives its status was uncertain. THE BODIES of six students
"We were not only denied per-
mission to have the speakers but TO SPEAK TODAY:
were told that the topic, ',James
Zarichny and Your AcademicI
Freedom,' was also banned," Fish- Prof. Schultz
man said. He added, "The reason
given was that it would irritate ,Prtri
presumed trapped in the Kenyon
dormitory, have not yet been re-
covered because of the smoldering
ashes which fill the inside of the
Stressing the thoroughness of
the University's fire safety pre-
vention program, L. W. Fry, su-
pervising architect of the Uni-
versity, said that a plan calling
for the installation of panic de-
vices and other safety equip-
ment in League Rouses and
other University-owned housing
units has just been completed.
11 sOn., F armt
t on Tops
All the regular dormitories and
new college buildings are built of
fire resistant materials and are
equipped with brick-lined fire
tower stairways, Fry said. "They
are further protected with elab-
orate alarm systems, extinguishers
and fire hoses."
STUDENTS not living in the
University dormitories are safe-
guarded by a regulation which
provides that all approved room-
ing houses comply with Ann Ar-
bor fire ordinances. Fraternity and
sorority houses are included in
All other student residences
must also pass city inspection.
Fragcis C. Shiel manager of
residence hails, points out that
an elaborate inspection tiystem
insures the continued safety of
tween MSC and the University.
He said Prof. Carl G. Brandt,
secretary of the committee' prices of agricultural products
1,.eceay o he cm ite have become an end rather than
termed the request "an unfortun- a means to proper allocation of
ate one,a'e ns, Pro eodo W.
Last week the University of resources, Prof. Theodore W-
Minnesota's committee on studentIi Schultz, chairman of the ceo-
affairs also denied Zarichny the enomics department at the Uni-
right to speak on campus because versity of Chicago told the ec-
they did not have "adequate in- nomics Club last night.-
him. I He will speak on "Land and
*t *b Food--the Long View" at 4:15
p.m. today in the RaCkham build-
years of falling employment farm- Not only is there an inspector
ers go on producing, but their from an insurance brokerage con-
income falls, Prof. Schultz ex- tinually making the rounds of
plained. University properities, but city,
state and University inspectors
IIE ALSO SAID that orthodox make periodic tours of the cam-
theory of price fluctuations in pus and dorms, he said.
farm products is apparently con- - .
tradicted by the fact that the
prices of the more durable agri-
cultural products, such as wheat,
vary more from year to year than
the prices of perishable farm
- - - - - -
"I cwz1 71
TIRESENT POliCY of parity is
.i..i i h
t. u .t~i m1 ;.i i I rectd toward maintaniung1.1g
income for farmers, Prof. Schultz
A delegation of Universitystu- explained.
dents will visit President Han- (Parity is the 'relation of
nah and Dean Crowe of Michigan prices for agricultural prices to,
State College Thursday as part of other commodity prices. Main-
a Civil Rights Cc ress program taiming this relationship is the
to reinstate James Zarichny. object of government price sup-
Other points in the program ports for farm products.)
which were planned at a meeting .
last night include plans for a mass Nevertheless, he said, govern-
civil rights rally to be held on the ment should have a policy of in-
campus in the early part of May. come support for farmers. In
The group is also sending letters
to nationally-known figures to
publicize the problem. W orld I 1ws
The organization, which has I
applied to the Student Affairs ound-Up
Committee for recognition as a
campus group, pledged its support
to the Young Progressives in get- Ily The Associated Press
ting publicity for the Zarichny WASHINGTON - The Truman
meeting. Administration asked Congress,
---_yesterday for $200,000,000 to $250,-
000.000 a year to help provide
home relief for all needy-includ-
ing cost of medical care.
- r I-ii m * *
E x Sessiont
Of SL Rests on
An extra session of Student
L('gislature Wednesday appeared
likely last night as SL members
awaited a reply from President
Alexander G. Ruthven to their
"Meet Your Regents" proposal.
President Jim Jans told The
gaily that no action would be
taken until the President's note;
was received. He said it was being I
processed through the President'sE
TOM. WALSH, author of the'
student-Regent plan, commented
that the delay in the reply of the
Regents, which will come through
President Ruthven, indicates that
his get-together would be turned
lie commented that one of
the three objectives of his plan
had already been accomplished,
with the "commendable action"
of the Regents in lifting the
political speakers' nan, but that
two other purposes remained.
He said the Legislature still has
the goals of bringing the students
and Regents into closer contact
and bringing to campus the four
candidates for the two Regents
posts which will be voted upon in
the Spring elections.
IN 1948 there were only a dozen
small fires on University proper-
tics, according to E. C. Pardon,
superintendent of maintenance.
"All of these were put out before
any major damage was done. One
reason for this is the fact that the
University has over 2,500 fire ex-
tinguishers located around the
The city [ire department is
capable of handling any fire on
University property, according
to Fire Chief Ben Zahn. "Our
equipment would be capable of
dealing effectively with any con-
flagration if it were discovered
within a reasonable time," he
The Chief also warned that 90
out of every 100 fires are caused
by carelessness. "Students ought
to be more fire-conscious," he em-
Airv To Talk
John Airey, chairman of the
Board of King-Seeley Corporation
of Ann Arbor, will speak on "Ob-
servations in Europe" at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Architectural Audi-
Airey's talk is the first in a se-j
ries of lectures on world affairs
sponsored by the senior class of
the College of Engineering as an
activity for all students of the
Airey, who is an engineer and
former director of the University
Machine Shops, traveled through
Europe last summer studying so-,
cialism and social conditions.
Their first - day drive was
short lived, however, as the Sen-
ate recessed at 5:14 p.m. until
today. Then it will start again.
At issue was an attempt by a
number of Northern Democrats
and Republicans to change the
Senate rules so that a two thirds
majority vote can limit debate at
*' * *
AS LEAD-OFF man in the fight
to save the filibuster-the parlia-
mentary device of talking a bill
to death-Senator George (D-Ga.)
said the issues raised are "bound
to have repercussions hereafter,"
"The results no man can quite
see at this time."
George began speaking at 4:26
p.m., alternately shouting and
lowering his voice to the gravest
tones, the Georgian charged that
civil rights legislation "offensive
to the American constitution" was
the "real driving power" behind
the anti-filibuster move.
ONE BY ONE, George ticked off
President Truman's civil rights
proposals and summed them up
as "absolutely unconstitutional."
Republican Floor Leader
Wterry (Neb), co-author of the
kill-the-filibuster motion, said
the Southerners were hurting
their own case by terming the
proposed rules change a "gag
Wherry said that any time two-
thirds of the senators are willing
to end debate, he is sure all the
lawmakers would have had a fair
chance to express their views.
Senator Russell (D-Ga.) coun-
tered that the Senate is "the last
forum of free debate on earth."
He said the filibuster has never
been "abused," but has been the
means of getting minority views
before the public.
Ida ys on Way
Operation "Bundle - up" was
promised a short season by Willow
Run meteorologists despite yester-
day's one inch snow harvest.
They predict that little Jack
Frost will blow out of town by
tomorrow at least, only slightly
behind February. Today he will
be edged up toward 30 degrees,
The campus, meanwhile, smart-
ed under his stinging gusts. Ach-
ing ears and frost-bitten toes tes-
tified to the effects of February's
last wilful act.
Traffic down the Diag snapped
along almost at marching band
pace as class-bound students tried
to find the shortest distance be-
tween two radiators.
Restaurants were reported
extra-crowded at moon because
some students r Mused to walk as
far as Stockwell or .Jnidan for
Winter sports en thusiasts still
think they have been short-
changed this winter. They have
grudgingly waved goodbye to Feb-
ruary, and dubbed its fipal at-
tempt as "too little and too late."
A. L. Hawkins
Taught English Here
More Tha 20 Years
Aubrey L. Hawkins, instructor
in the English department, died
at 3:30 p.m. yesterday in St. Jo-
seph's Mercy Hospital.
He had been ailing for the past
week, and had remained in his
room at the Union. He felt well
enough, to meet a 9 a.m. class yes-
tered, but suffered a fainting spell
after half an hdur.
* * *
HAWKINS recovered to finish
the class, and returned to his
room. On the advice of his physi-
cian, he went to the hospital for
an electro-cardiogram. Hawkins
collapsed during the examination
and could not be revived. The ex-
act cause of his death has not
Born in Kappa, Ind., In 883,
Hlawkins graduated fromxx Rich-
anond (Ind,) high school ad
Indiana University. He went on
to take an M.A. from Indiana
In 1911, when he was elected to
Phi Beta Kappa. He also did
graduate work at Harvard and
Columbla, specializing in the
English periodical of the 18th
After teaching at the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin, Columbia and
New York University, Hawkins
came here as an instructor in 1927.
* * *
IN 1933 lIE married Martha
Robinson; she died five years lat-
er. In 1939 the Martha Robinson
Hawkins Scholarship was estab-
lished in her honor.
Hawkins was known to many
IUniversity students whom he
taught freshman composition
and literature. lie taught here
more than 20 years.
His counsin, A. T. Hawkins of
Parker, Id., will arrive in Ann
Arbor today, Funeral services will
be held Thursday in Russlaville,
A memorial service will be held
at 2 p.m. Thursday in St. An-
drew's Episcopal Church, of which
Hawkins was a prominent mem-
Students will get a chance to
do some man to man. talking with
a university president when
George Pell Gilmour appears on
campus for Religion in Life Week.
Chancellor Gilmour. head of
McMaster University in Hamilton,
Ontario, is scheduled to make ap-
iiearances in several classrooms
next week to discuss the relation
of religion to students' lives.
On Sunday, March 6 he will
preach the sermon at the Presby-
terian church and speak at the
Roger Williams Guild the same
evening. He will also lead the
daily worship service at 5 p.m.
Tuesday at the Congregational
The chancellor will direct a
seminar in "Basic Christian Be-
NEW REPUBLIC HEAD:
E * 'C'+_
Editor StraighLt lol ati
Hee Tday on Fair Deal
Former State Department ad-
visor Michael Straight will talk
on the "Challenge of the Fair
Deal" at 8:15 p.m. today in Kel-
Straight, now editor of New Re-
public, served with the State De-
partment in Washington and Eu-
rope. He was advisor on inter-
national economics in 1938. and
an assistant to the White House
advisors in 1939 and 1940.
HE WILL. MEET students at
a coffee hour at 4:15 p.m. in Rm.
3K of the Union. His visit to Ann
PARIS-Two French army of-
fivers have been arrested as
Communist spies and one of
them has confessed, the Interior
Ministry said yesterday,
MOSCOW - Prime Minister
Stalin proclaimed price cuts in 45
classifications of food, clothing
and other consumers' goods.
The decree said the changes will
raise the ruble's purchasing power
and strengthen Soviet money in
relation to foreign currencies.
BERLIN-Gen. Lucius D. Clay
said last night he has asked in-
formally to be retired from his
duties as United States Military
Governor of Germany.
utident Players I
RE. YODER SPEAKS:
ExplainA ims of R elgior- - Life