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February 20, 1949 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-02-20

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Class Cutting

r1HE "DROP" in attendance which gener-
ally marks the end of the second week
or the beginning of the third week of classes
may be short lived this year, if persistent ru-
mors we've been hearing the past few days
prove to have factual basis.
As we understand it, the University
may, in the near future, officially inpose
penalties for student cuts. Several pro-
fessors have "warned" students that ex-
cessive cutting could lower grades-even
by a whole point. Some, formerly indif-
ferent to attendance taking, have attribu-
ted the new individual rulings to "orders
from above." One professor informed his
class that any student absent from class
more than three times, unexcused, would
have to take an oral examination in his
At any rate, it's fairly clear that profes-
sors as a whole are tightening up on atten-
dance. And whether or not by directives
from the deans, the revival of you-better-
be-here "rulings" look like just another
symptom of the "students-are-babies-and-
should - be -.treated - accordingly" attitude
which is again becoming more and more
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

THE lFACT remna ills that professors who
find more than one third of their students
cutting class consistently should look to
their own lectures before trying to force at-
tendance. (At least two professors of our
acquaintance who rarely if ever take atten-
dance and who make it quite clear to stu-
dents that they needn't attend class if they
wish otherwise, have the most consistently
good attendance we have yet seen. Their
lectures are their drawing power.) No stu-
dent who is forced to listen to a dull lec-
turer, day after day, is going to "get any-
thing" from the course. And the student
who can do his work well without the help
of his instructor should not be penalized by
a lower grade because of "irregular" atten-
It's about time somebody realized that
most of the students on this campus are
1) interested in a solid education and 2)
are adult enough to know how to get it.
Poor attendance records might be dis-
tinctly bettered by revamped lectures and
courses and we have an idea that the fac-
ulty rating results might indicate just that.
When the University realizes that it is
dealing with serious minded adult students
for the most part, and starts showing it in
actions such as lifting the liquor ban, the
speakers ban and many of the Victorian re-
strictions on women students, the coopera-
tive and intelligent response it gets from its
students will carry a revealing jolt.
-Naomi Stern

MORE THAN TEN years ago, Heifetz' pie- definitive interpretation of this fifth con-
ture adorned my wall, and I hung certo of Vieuxtemps, which mangles the
around stage doors collecting numerous the technically challenging with simple lyric.
identical Heifetz autographs. The two Paganini-Kreisler Caprices illus-
My devotion to Heifetz as THE violinist trated one reason why Heifetz remains in a
has always remained--although in slightly class by himself. His masterful technique
different form-and so I feel quite inade- is not used for its own sake, but can even
quate in writing a "critical review" of his turn what are essentially exhibitionist con-
concert in Hill Auditorium last night. tortions into flowing lines.
As usual, Heifetz was aided by the model If anyone had any lingering doubts about
accompanist, Emanuel Bay, who also provea Heifetz' ability to handle the complete range
his musicianship in sharing honors wtih the of violin music, the purity of his Bach, andt
violinist in the beautiful Mozart Sonata No, the brilliant dazzle of the Ravel Tzigane
8. Particularly in this sonata and in the provided the answer.
Vieuxtemps concerto, Heifetz again proved I can only echo all the recent comments
how ridiculous is the dull parroting cry that which applaud Heifetz on returning from
he is a "cold" musician. his brief retirement an even more perfect
As he has done for so many concertos, and warm musician.
Heifetz presented what is undoubtedly the -llarriett Friedman.
Pacrtand the Senarte

Welfare Pim
(OMING AT A 'IME wen LIlei
stronger need than ever for leaders to
direct the growing functions of goernment,
the Department of Welfare proposal reprt -
ed out of Committee in the House is com-
mendable indeed, in its educational facets
as well as its health, social welfare and
social security angles.
Concentrating these powers under a
cabinet-rank department with "the duty
to foster and promote the general welfare
of the people" as the bill reads, the co-
ordination of these similar activitis with
each other will be more effective.
P'cw will argue the need for better a -
mir strators and political leaders; fewer still
can argue that it is not the responsibility of
the whole United States to better cducate
the people in areas in which our poorer
states cannot possibly aford to rai- the
necessary funds.
In an age of fast transportation which
can set an uneducated bachoodsman or
sharecropper in the center of a modern
society in a matter of hours it is im-
portant to the people of that better de-
veloped area that all people be prepared
to take on the duties of a citizen. The
people of Michigan are very much inter--
ested in the intelligence of a backward
people who are brought to the state by
the exigencies of war and the need for
manpower; many of them never to go
back to their old homes but rather t
take an important part in the social and
governmental activities of that state.
And this is a relatively selfish attitude.
We should be concerned from a broader
point of view, as college students,5, witihth
recognizable fact that we cannot stand for
true democracy when these people live in
squalor and ignorance.
By concentrating the educational duties
of the Federal government in on depart -
ment and providing it with the funds end
personnel which President Truman request--
ed in his State of the Union message, the
dream of many for a I Bill for civiaans
seems to have moved one step closer )o
Coupled with the welfare and social se-
curity programs which have been proposed,
and coming at the threshold of Brotherhood
Week the action of reporting the Depart-
mental bill on the floor seems to indicate
that the people recognize the relative im-
portance of our own living conditions to
say Foreign Relations or the other Depart-
ments. They seem to answer once again the
age old question "Am I my brother's keep
er?", with a firm.Yes".
-Don McNeil
Basic Unrealit
IT SEEMS TO ME there is a good deal of
unreality at the bottom of the debate
about the proposed North Atlantic Defense
Pact. In the first place, the pact-or some-
thing like it-already exists. It exists be-
cause it is inherent in our political and geo-
graphic situation. The fact that we have
joined Western Europe in two wars shows
that something like the pact exists, whether
we adopt it or don't adopt it, ratify it or
don't ratify it. When Germany turned west
in May, 1940, we dropped our domestic argu-
ment and were galvanized into the first
billion-dollar defense program overnight--
without a pact.
We are therefore negotiating to achieve
something we already have, to ratify some-
thing which already exists. That hardly
seems like inspired diplomacy. D3iplomacy
should be aimed at adding new and help-
ful factors to our situation, not at para-
phrasing existing realities.

We have achieved little that is worth the
hullabaloo which the negotiations for the
pact have caused. It was perfectly obvious,
before the pact was mentioned, that we were
ready to help Western Europe; the negotia-
tions have merely started a big debate over
how much we are ready to help Western
Europe, and when, and under what terms.
By negotiating for the obvious, we have only
thrown the obvious into doubt.
It is said, of course, that Western Eur-
ope needs formal "reassurance" that we
will help it, in a military way. Back of this
must be the idea that if Western Europe
does not receive this sort of reassurance it
will do-what? Pout, thrust out its lower
lip, go over to Russia? One doubts this.
Western Europe is in the same predica-
ment in which we are, and it does not add
to clarity to assign to it a power of choice
which it obviously does not have.
It will be argued, too, that a formal pact
is needed in order to permit military plan-
ning in advance of an emergency, to pro-
vide for allocations of material, etc. But
that is a two-sided game. Distribution of
American materiel excuses and justifies dis-
tribution of Russian materiel. To get a last-
ing "jump" on the situation is exactly what,
in the nature of armament races, is never
permitted. The proposed pact is, therefore,
concerned partly with the obvious, partly
with the dangerous and partly with the im-
possible. It seems to me clear that we ought
to look for more promising fields in which
to exercise our talents for negotiation.
It has always seemed to me that the best
instinct in diplomacy was to keep questions

4We All Get A Bi. Bing Out Of This, Boy"

Leters to the Editor..

P.,, , .
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'ENSfC} Y'
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on Monday, together with Norwegian
Foreign Minister Halvard Iange's visit to
Washington, have left the real issues in-
volved in the proposed North Atlantic pa'ct
in a confused tangle. For one thing, the
idea has become current, largely as a con-
sequence of Lange's visit, that the United
States has been trying to bully the Scan-
dinavian countries into joining the pact.
in point of fact, Lange's. visit was
strictly his own idea, and caused consid-
erable dismay in the State Department.
Indeed, as soon as word of the proposed
,visit reached Washington, the department
began preparing a message suggesting
politely that the time was inopportune,
and that the trip be postponed. Before
the message was drafted, it was discov-
ered that Lange was already on his way.
ZOOMING IN FROM out California way,
a tidal wave of pyramid clubs is now
engulfing southeastern Michigan ind threat-
ens to disrupt city and University non-
gambling doctrines.
The get-rich-quick scheme, involving
ladder-like ascents to paydirt by individ-
ual dollar contributions and telephone
transactions, recalls to mind the famous
"chain letter" epidemic of the 1930's. The
only fundamental difference, discounting
collection methods, is seen in the ardor
with which local authorities are attempt-
ing to crush the craze before too many
people lose too much money.
Although the game has just, recently
mushroomed here, Wayne and Washtenaw
County law enforcement officers have lost
no time in an all-out anti-pyramici cam-
paign. Residents and students alike have
received the word from state legislators ar.d
all prospective participants warned against
the many risks offered. All complaints, no
Tratter how small or vague, have been thor-
oughly investigated by alert legal officials.
It's easy enough to be taken in by a
seemingly fool-proof investment, but the
laws of chance have always proven too much
in the end for similar foolhardy ventures.
Countrywide lotteries of all types seem to
crop up continually, and hundreds of pages
in history can be written about the disillu-
sionments of "suckers" who figured they
were a cinch to win but had nothing to show
for their dreams except empty pocketbooks.
Tn +nhn nnfesinz- diseilef, we need

The consequences of the visit, as the
State Department foresaw, are obviously
unfortunate. If Norway now decides not to
adhere to the Atlantic pact it will be wide-
ly assumed in Europe that Lange had a
good look at the terms of the pact, and
decided it was worthless. And if Norway
does adhere, it will be equally widely as-
sumed that this is a result of American
pressure, despite Lange's repeated assur-
ances to the contrary.
In fact the episode stemmed not from
American pressure, but from the Swedish
version of a Scandinavian pact. The Swedith
idea boiled down in reality to little more
than an extension of traditional Swedish
neutrality to the whole of Scandinavia.
The Swedes opposed any sort of under-
standing with the Atlantic pact powers
-indeed, the Swedes would not counten-
ance even informal staff talks between
the two groupings. This Swedish concept
of complete Scandinavian neutrality ob-
viously raised the vital question of Green-
land, which is a dependency of Denmark.
As for the Senate debate, it has a curious
"Alice in Wonderland" quality. The argu-
ment about "moral' commitments really
made no sense at all. For, as Senator Arthur
Vandenberg sensibly remarked, the Atlantic
pact will merely "acknowledge the facts of
life as they are." The facts of life are that
if any of the proposed signatories were at-!
tacked by the Soviet Union in the foresee-
able future, the United States would be at
war in a matter of days. The manner in
which these facts of life are expressed in
words no doubt has psychological impor-
tance. But the words will be no more than
a prelude to what really matters.
What really matters is the nature of joint
planning and military aid between Western
Europe and the Western hemisphere after
the pact is signed. Here arises the basic
issue, which far. transcends the wording
of the pact, and which is yet unresolved:
What is to be the real American objective
in helping Europe to rearm?
Another school of thought is convinced
that the defense of Western Europe is a
practical matter, given some time and a
determined effort both here and abroad.
This effort would be aimed at building
up a hard core of about thirty superior
divisions and decisive air .superiority, to
hold the Red Army in case of war until
the mobilization of the whole Atlantic
community could take effect.
Surely here is an issue a good deal more
important than whether the naughty word
"military" shall appear in the text of the
--.+ mf o--- - ,'a nt* all sufficinlt-

(CiiC Hi((I Udfron lPag 2) -B
u t
For Further Information on the 1
following notices, call at the Bur-S
eu of Appointments, 3528 Admin-
istration Bldg.
Archer, Daniels, Midland Com-
pany of Minneapolis, Minn., hasv
pesitions open in the research di-s
vision for people with Ph.D. or
Masters degrees in oil, fat, or pro-
ten chemistry. Also posit ions
openltorBS's vw.ithiaptitude to-
wxaid resae-eli work. Sales service
openings are also available fors
nen with a B.S. degree in chem-..
istry or chemical engineering.L
The Public Schools of the Terri-r
tory of Hawaii will need a number L
of teachers for the year 1949-50r
in the following fields: Kindergar-a
ten, Upper and Lower Elementaryt
grades: and a few openings exist
in the Junior and Senior High
Schools. Holders of the M.A. or p
those with the A.B. and one yeara
of experience are preferred. B
The Merrill-Palmer School of n
De roit will offer a summer ses-d
ion of work in Child Develop-i
Ia.nt.. This course is open to hol- n
ders of the A.B. in Education, Psy-2
cililogy, Sociology, Nursing, orD
Homcie Economics. C
The Department of Education,
Naval Government of Guam is in c
need of teachers in the followingi
fields: Early and Later Elemen-c
v .ry Grades, Industrial Arts,
Music, Home Economics, English,<
Commercial, Social Studies, Math-
ematics, and someone with a mi-
nor in Art. Two years' experiencek
is desirable. For further infor-k
mation, call at the Bureau of Ap-c
pointments 3528 Administration
Mrs. Madeline Strony, Educa-
tional Director of the Gregg Pub-
lishing Company, will speak on
"The New in Shorthand" (a lec-
ure on the revisions of the Gregg
Manual) at 7:30 p.m., Mon., Feb.
21, Raekham Amphitheatre. In-
trested students and faculty are1
University Lecture: Dr. Armand
J. Quick, professor of biological
chemistry, Marquette University
S,-,hool of Medicine, will discuss
"Recent Progress in the Study
o' the Coagulation of the Blood,"
on Thurs., Feb. 24, at 3:30 p.m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Graduate School. The lec-
ture is under the auspices of the
Department of Biological Chem-
istry and the Medical School and
is open totall interested.
Cornelia Otis Skinner, distin-
guished actress, will be presented
by the Oratorical Association, on
Thurs., 8:30 pim., Hill Auditor-
ium, as the fourth number on the
1948-49 Lecture Course. Miss
Skinner will give one of her most
famous solo-dramas, "The Wives
of Henry VIII,' in costume. Tic-
kets go on sale tomorrow at 10
a.m. in the auditorium box office,.
which will be open daily this week
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Academic Notices
Makeup Examination in Eco-
nomics 51, 52, 53, 54 Thurs., Feb.
24, 3 p.m., Rm. 203 Economics

Bldg. Any student expecting to
take this examination must leave
his name with the Departmental
Secretary before the examination.
History Final Examination Make--
Up: Sat., Feb. 26, Room B, Haven
Hall, 9 a.m. Students must come
with written permission of in-
Student Recital: Lydia Pekar-
sky, pianist, will be heard in a pro-
gram at 8 p.m., Sun., Feb. 20,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, pre-
sented in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music. Miss Pekarsky
is a pupil of Joseph Brinkman,
and her program will be open to
the general public.
Student Recital: Gratia Boice,
pianist, will be heard in a recital
at 8 p.m., Mon., Feb. 21, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Her pro-
gram, presented in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music, will
include compositions by Franck,
Mozart, Schumann, and Chopin,
and will be open to the public.
Miss Boice is a pupil of Marian
Student Recital: Mary Kelly,
cornetist, will present a program
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music on Tues., Feb.
22, at 8 p.m. in Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Miss Kelly, a pupil
of Clifford Lillya, will be assisted
by Anita Denniston, pianist, and
by a trombone quartet composed
of Paul Wallace, Leslie Bassett,
Glan Yarberry, and Charlene
Symmonds. Her program will in-
clude works of Haydn, Beethoven,
Barat, Tuthill, Bassett, and Gian-
nini. The public is cordially in-
Museum of Art, Alumni Mem-
orial Hall. Recent accessions:
Egypt (Life photographs). Week-
days 9-5, Sundays 2-5, through
Feb. 27. The public is invited.
Events Today
lWorld Student Day of Praye
sponsored by Inter-Guild. Worship
Service, Baptist Church, 4 p.m
Address by Rev. William Hender.
son. Supper and fellowship, Meth-
odist Church, 5:30 p.m. Program
6:30 p.m. Small discussion groups
on "The Ecumenical Movement.'
All organizations in Inter-Guild
will participate.
Canterbury Club: Evening pray-
er service, 8 p.m. Coffee hour at
Canterbury House.
Wesley Foundation: Student Sem-
mar resumes with Hayden Car-
ruth as discussion leader, 9 :3
a.m. in the Pine Room. "The
Methodist Primer" will be used
for discussion.
U. of M. Hot Record Society
Business meeting and program
Sun., 8 p.m., Michigan Leagu
Ballroom. Ensian pictures will b
taken. Everyone invited.
Coming Events
La p'tite causette: Mon., 3:3

The Daily accords its readers the f
privilege of submitting letters for si
publication in this column. subject
to space limitations, the general pl- f
icy is to publish in the order in which
theya :r receied all letters bearing
the wrier's signatutre and address. r
Letters eceeding :500 words, repe ti-'
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters whichT
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
Re: 1iidszen tyTrial' c
To the Editor: a
The trial of Cardinal Mindszen- d
ty has provoked much discussion t
here and abroad. The coined syl- o
logism and high voltage word havee
appealed to tensions still preval- b
ent in our post war world. Indeed i
one no one will deny is the strain-
ed relations between Russia and
the United States. News today n
falls into a defense of capitalistic °
democracy and an attack on e
Marxian communism or vice ver-n
sa. Every human event must owet
its allegiance to one of these dei-
fied poles without possessing anI
innate character of its own. Butw
ideas, unlike sensations. are theT
monopoly of no culture or peo-d
pl e.e
One example. In 1910-17, Mex-J
ic uprooted the feudal land sys-d
tem of absentee land lordism and
peonage. Agrarian reforms were
carried out without the volitionw
of dialectic materialism a la KarlE
Marx. Mexicans acted in Mexico
for Mexican benefits. The Amer-
ican press screamed everythinga
from Radicalism to Viscious An-h
archy. "The Bolsheviks run Mex-
ico" was the headline slogan. Buta
the sky didn't fall down. Mex-E
icans are now better off, and to-g
day both the U.S. and Mexico aref
"Buenos Amigos".C
But Hungary is different. There,
sympathizers of our "enemy"
wish to divide the lands. Cardinal
Mindszenty owned 1,000,000 acresn
of peasant-tilled land, 650,000 ofn
which have recently been distrib-t
uted. His opposition to agrarianc
reforms that would have begun to I
take Hungarian serfs out of peon-s
age, was to the Hungarians, a civilt
The intransigent beliefs and
absolute values he upheld werei
never a secret, no more than thet
pro-fascist ideals and activities
of Cardinal Play Daniel, Spanishf
defender of Franco Fascism, ares
today, or those of the Argentinel
hierarchy who materially, moral-k
ly, and politically aid Peron's neo-1
fascism. Privilege wishes to per-_
petuate itself whether it be fromC
communist attack or any other.
Liberal Catholics have protested
the actions of those mentioned,
in Hungary, in Spain, in Argen-
tina, and wherever they were not
censored. After Cardinal Minds-
zenty used the pulpit to read poli-
tical attacks in the Temple of Holy
worship liberal Hungarian Catho-
lics protested. Peasants through-
out Hungary were incited to re-
Unlike Mr. John B. Nahan who
proposes in a letter to The Daily,
Feb. 15, the "selection" of pub-
lishable material, this writer be-
lieves that censorship cannot up-
hold what our historic ideals en-
deavor to profess. Censorship is
what the Soviets have more than
we. In spirit, it is anti-individual
p.m., Grill Room, Michigan Lea-
. gue.
Sociedad Hispanica: Social hour,
Mon., Feb. 21, 4-6 p.m., Interna-
tional Center.
Senior Society will meet at 7:15
p.m. Mon., Feb. 21, in the ABC
Room, Michigan League.

Jazz Concert Ushers. Come to
Mill Auditorium Box Office Tues.,
Feb. 22 from 4:30 to 6 p.m. to
pick up your tickets to the Jazz
at the Philharmonic Concert, Fri.,
Feb. 25.
The Play Reading Section of
t the Faculty Women's Club will
meet at 1:45 p.m., Tues., Feb. 22,
Michigan League.
Sigma Rho Tau Smoker. The
Engineering Speech Society pre-
sents its annual Smoker, 7:15
p.m., Tues., Feb. 22, 3rd Floor,
Michigan Union. Guest speaker: I.
C. CraAford, dean of engineering
school. Tonic: "The Educational
-, Object, of the Engineer." All en-
e gineers welcome.
Merchant Marine Veterans: Or-
ganizational meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Tues., Feb. 22, Rm. 3-D, Michigan
Union. All Merchant Marine vet-
t erans invited.

reedom: in function, it is intran-
gent. American ideas should be
'ree; discrimination, enpensive.
-Manuel Ii. Guerra
: in uncist TridfI
ro The Editor:
- WAS BORN and raised in New
York-Southern District, and
'd always been under the impres-
ion that New York was a "liberal"
ity, with liberal traditions. It was
nly recently that I learned that
foul system of Jim-Crow, anti-
abor Juries have prevailed in that
istrict's federal courts for at least
he last ten years. And the shame
of that is only rivaled by a virtual
ndcrsement of that jury system
by a Daily editorialist, Jim Brown,
n Wednesday's issue.
Thte other evening, a radio corn-
mentator reported the testimony
of a government witness to the
'ffect that in the last several years
not one jury notice was sent to
the Harlem or the working-class
areas of East New York, whereas
more than seven thousand notices
were sent to the wealthy areas.
The poorer areas comprise by far
the majority of that district. Fed-
eral Judge Knox openly boasts of
his hand-picking. The presiding
Judge Medina himself challenged
this viscious system several years
ago, but didn't have the documen-
tary evidence now compiled, to
win a Supreme Court decision. Mr.
Brown's alleged jury-rigging" is
a fact. But Brown is more inter-
ested in his "trial by newspaper"
attack upon the defendants, than
he is in the white-supremacist.
anti-Semetic, anti-Labor jury sys-
tem which is rigged for conviction.
Brown bemoans the exposure of
this system as "casting a distaste-
ful shadow on our nation's courts".
Courts of that nature are some-
thing more than distasteful.
Brown says that ". . . if these
men are really innocent, they have
nothing to fear . . ." from this
type of banker's jury. Such wise
counsel 'was given to Sacco and
Vanzetti, Mrs. Ingram and her
sons, and is today being given to
the six framed Negroes in Tren-
ton, N.J.
And Brown might be mterrested
in the additional information that
the twelve indicted Communists
Niio now seem to be the only ones
fighting for a democratic jury
system, are being tried in a crim-
ial court not for any overt act,
but for "teaching and advocat-
ing". This in itself is the most
dangerousj)departure from demo-
cratic jurisprudence.
-MAarvin HI. Gladstone


Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harriett Friedman .... Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ...Associate Editor
Al Blumrosen........Associate Editor
Leon Jaroff .........Associate Editor
Robert C. White ......Associate Editor
B. S. Brown...........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Busseyt...Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery ......Women's Editor
Mary Ann Harris Asso. Women's Editor
Bess Hayes................Librarian
Business Staff
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman ....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ...Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of, republication of all other
matterseherein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,


Will we see what's in Gus'
. throat, Mr. O'Malley?

There! Hope my camera
angles are interesfing!


Rr:6Rf I

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