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VOL. LIX, No. 8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 29, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
World War III
Returning University Students Give
Impressions of Travels Abroad
By AL BLMROSEN
The people of Europe are resigned to fighting a third world war.
This was the impression brought back to Ann Arbor by a group
of students who travelled in Europe during the summer.
*~ * * *
THEY TALKED over their experience on the continent, from
England to Czechoslovakia, yesterday at a meeting sponsored by
the ,NSA. Working, studying, or just travelling around, alone and in
groups, they found prosperity and starvation, interest and indifference,
and always, fear.
Different people had opposite impressions of the same country.
Generally they saw that most of Western Europe liked the
Marshall Plan, that students had an active part in the political
life of Europe and that Britain was starting to balk at the
austerity program of the Socialist government.
They discovered that it costs a lot of money to get to Europe
but that living is less expensive than in this country.
BLACK MARKET OPERATORS in the big cities spotted most
of the travelers as Americans and they had the experience o being
stopped every fifteen or twenty feet and asked to buy or sell
They found the most interest in reconstruction in the Neth-
erlands 'and the most starvation in Italy, but all of Europe
seemed to be expecting war.
"In England, they expect the Russians any day. They don't ask
you if there will be a war, they ask when it will start," said Chuck
* * * *
JOHN YATES, law student from Hawaii said that almost
everybody over there is resigned to a third world war and they act
accordingly. "They figure that there is no use in rebuilding their
country if it will be destroyed again in a few years," he said.
Yates added that Europeans want desperately to avoid war
but feel that it is out of their hands.
Dick Koll remembered the cover of the Sunday supplement
of a Holland newspaper which displayed a map of the future war
fronts. "Students I talked to were discussing whether they should
join the underground or leave the country when the war came,"
* * * *
HE ADDED that there was not the "red baiting" that goes on
in this country, but simply fear.
The Marshall Plan is generally liked in Europe, according to
Edwin H. Tebbetts. "Of course, there are exceptions and it is
ard to generalize" he added.
He cited the case of the automobile company of Rouen which
objected to the Marshall Plan purchase of U.S. trucks.
"THEY FELT THAT France should only import industrial ma-
terials and not products to compete with local concerns, but the
government wanted to build up the transportation system," Tebbetts
"The English seem to think that the U.S. is a land of milk
and honey and that we should put them back in their old
competitive position in world trade according to Barbara Hansel.
A Conservative member of Parliament told Diana Upjohn that he
liked the Marshall Plan, but wanted more industrial and fewer con-
YATES SAID the English were bitter over having to spend part
of the Marshall Plan money in this country. "They could buy tobacco
cheaper from Turkey but are forced to purchase it in the U.S., he
"This makes them feel that we are controlling their tobacco
Norman Stauner was surprised by the lack of publicity that
the Marshall Plan was getting.
"The people only hear the Communist side and don't know what
we are doing," he said.
STAUNER, WHO HAD no trouble penetrating the iron curtain
into Czechoslovakia, said that there was a lot of unorganized opposi-
tion to the government. "Most people would talk, freely, but some
would look around first and others simply wouldn't talk politics," he
"I saw more police in Prague than anywhere else in Europe,"
Stauner said that the country was about as well off under the
Communists as it had been before.
"The only thing the people have lost is their freedom."
"YOU CAN get most American periodicals in Prague, except Life
and Time," he said.
Yates said that a lot of Europeans blamed the U.S. for not
going along with the socialist government of Czechoslovakia.
"If we had, the Communists wouldn't have won the election," he
He said that the Communists now seemed genuinely popular with
a large number of people in Czechoslovakia.
"THEY DON'T have the diversions that we do, such as sports,
and they don't do as much dating."
He said that they go around in groups until they are almost
out of college before they begin to pair off.
Tebbetts noted that a smaller percentage of Europeans have a
college education than in this country. "Because there are fewer edu-
cated men, they take more of an interest in the workings of their
country," he said.
JOHN SYITES, who worked as a seaman during the summer came
into _cntact with many men and women who's education had been
cut off by the war. "People who are now 24 and 25 years old were
bombed out their schools in 1940," he said.
Dick Koll said that the French were as individualistic and un-
predictable as they were before the war, but he found many
people who were willing to accept Charles De Gaulle even though
they didn't like him.
.. ._ i _.Y _ _* _.._ 1 . _ _..t _ _ t 1 _ L 1 . . __ 7 . . YS . w i
* * * *
Urged by Nesbitt
Quentin Nesbitt, a member of
the American Veterans Commit-
tee executive committee, made a
plea for new members at last
night's Interfraternity Council
house presidents meeting.
Nesbitt made the plea after de-
scribing what he called "a little
turnout trouble at our last meet-
* * *
NESBITT EMPHASIZED that
the AVC was interested only in
members who would take an ac-
tive interest in the AVC on a year-
He requested the fraternity
presidents to urge veterans in
their houses to join AVC and
take an active part in what he
termed a "liberal campus organ-
Nesbitt's request followed the
recent controversy arising within
AVC over two controversial resolu-
tions voted on at its last meeting.
The furor arose when AVG
Chairman, Dave Babson, charged
that the Communists were trying
to take over the organization.
This charge was denied by other
Of Press Club
Ruthven To Speak
Michigan newspapermen will
pour into the campus to partici-
pate in the 31st annual meeting
of the University Press Club of
Michigan to be held tomorrow,
Friday, and Saturday.
Activities will begin with a reg-
istration and information period
from 2 to 7 p.m. in the third floor
lobby of the Union.
PRESIDENT ALEXANDER G.
Ruthven will speak on "Some
Facts and Fears," during the Uni-
versity dinner in the Union ball-
A panel discussion will be
held on "The Situation Today"
between 10 and 12 noon in the
Rackham Amphitheater, which
is open to the general public.
State department officials will
participate in a panel discussion
on "Public Welfare and Health in
Michigan" between 2:45 and 4:45
p.m., Friday, at the Rackham Am-
GENERAL HOYT S. Vanden-
burg, Chief of Staff, United States
Air Force, will speak at the even-
ing session of the press club meet-
ing at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
The liberal arts college has been
the source for nearly all intellec-
tual life in the U.S., asserted Dean
Howard Keniston in a talk last
night in the Higher Education se-
Speaking on "The Rise of the
Liberal Arts College in the U.S.,"
Dean Keniston declared, "It has
performed an extraordinarily use-
ful job for us. It is the one place
which offers every individual the
chance to develop his qualities and
at the same time gives him the
basis for making judgments."
"More and more people have
been led to go on to more and
more training through the liberal
arts college," he pointed out.
The sciences are just as much a
part of liberal education as are the
arts, he emphasized.
The purpose for which a sub-
ject is taught determines whether
or not it is a liberal study, he
stated. If von study a subject
Of Talks Given
Complete lecture notes for Prof.
Preston W. Slosson's History 11
lecture yesterday will be available
today for 10 cents, courtesy of
"Zimen Lecture Note Service."
Sale will begin at a State Street
bookstore at 10 a.m.
*I * *
"ZIMEN"-which stands for the
service's founders Fred Zimmer-
mann, '49Bus.Ad., and Bill Men-
acher, '50-also hopes to eventual-
ly mimeograph up notes on eco-
nomics 51 and 52, Psychology 31
and Business Administration 1, if
their plans work out.
"We must first secure written
permission from the lecturer
and find if demand warrants
production," Zimmerman told
"Students from the stenography
department of the business ad-
ministration school attend the
lecture, take notes in short-hand
and type mimeograph stencils."
ACCUSER . . . John W.
Studebaker, tells Congressional
investigators that John Thurs-
ton prevented his teaching
Communism in public schools.
Thurston replies below.
T h ur s to n
A' Senate Investigating Com-
mittee was told that part of a
government worker's anti - Com-
munist speech was deleted because
it gave the impression school
children should "become spies."
John Thurston, Assistant Ad-
ministrator of the Federal Se-
curity Agency, said that was why
a speech planned by Earl Hutchin-
son of the Office of Education had
* * *
THE COMMITTEE is prob-
ing charges that FSA censored
speeches and articles and ham-
pered an Office of Education's ef-
fort to combat Communism
through the schools. The office is
under FSA supervision.
Thurston said clearance of
such publicity through his office
was routine procedure required
by the Budget Bureau, but he
denied undue censorship.
As to the Hutchinson speech,
he said he did not censor it but
suggested a deletion because it
gave him the impression Hutch-
inson was advocating that "school
children should become spies to
ferret out Communists."
HE SAID that exposing commu-
nists teachers was a job for the
FBI and the State Department.
The hearings have featured a
clash between FSA Administrator
Oscar E. Ewing and former Com-
missioner of Education John W.
Studebaker who resigned last
To Face Judge
Two confessed slayers will be ex-
amined on charges of first degree
murder at 10 a.m. this morning
before Municipal Judge Jay H.
The charged pair, Kenneth
Basha, 22, and Williard Swartout,
19, both of Dearborn, have been
in County Jail since their ar-
raignment last Wednesday.
Today's examination is to de-
termine whether or not the brutal
slaying of Francis R. Andrews, a
Dearborn cabbie, Sept. 20 near
Willow Village was a first degree
ACCUSED-Ernest Bevin, whom Russian news service Tass today
charged with creating a 'Schism' in the United Nations by his at-
tack on Russian policies is shown here as he delivered his blister-
ing address at the United Nations Assembly. Bevin said that
Russia alone would be responsible for 'a new world war. Prime
Ministers Spaak of Belgium and Schuman of France joined yes-
terday in Bevins charges against the Soviet. (See news story)
and we take them
off 300 copies
to the book-
Plans Drawn for New
Bus.Ad. Student Council
Comment on the legality and
educational value of the "Zim-
en" enterprise brought out com-
ments from' all points of view.
Enterprisers Zimmerman and
Menacher pointed to successful
use of the idea at the Univer-
sity of California and eastern
Prof. Preston W. Slosson com-
mented that the manuscripts
would have the same value to lec-
tures as commercially-edited 'out-
lines' have to text books. Their
value would be for students who
fail to outline the salient facts in
* * *
DEAN Hayward Keniston point-
ed out that although there are
many advantages to the system, he
felt that it entailed "numerous
New I.D. Cards
Will Be Issued
Newly-revamped, bright yellow
ID cards will be issued to stu-
dents beginning today in the
booths outside Rm. 2, University
Students in the A-K group may
pick up their ID cards today from
8 to 12 and 1 to 5 p.m. Tomorrow
those in the H through Q bracket
may obtain their identification.
Friday the rest of the alphabet
will get a first look at their ID
LATE REGISTRANTS won't re-
ceive their cards until a later
date, yet to be announced.
Students whose ID picture
did not turn out will be notified,
and re-photographed when they
appear for their cards.
The University has speeded up
issuing cards by almost a month
this year. They weren't out until
Oct. 22 last fall. This year's ID's
sport several new features. On the
lower edge of the cards numbers
up to 12 have been printed, which
will be punched when students
show their cards at campus elec-
tions and other activities.
On the reverse side,ischedules
for both home and away football
Business Administration stud-
ents have started the ball rolling
for their new Student Council.
At an informational meeting
held last night, John Watkins,
moderator, stressed the fact that
the students who are running for
the twelve open positions must
have their petitions in by 5:00,
Monday, Oct. 4.
THE NOMINATING petitions,
which can be picked up at Tap-
pan Hall, will require 25 signa-
Charles Biddinger, Ivo Bind-
er, Arthur Blossey, Patricia
Hall, John Watkins, and Earl
Willhoft are the committee of
six who drew up the plans, pro-
jects, and constitution for the
Watkins reiterated some of the
most important points in the con-
stitution, which will be put up for
ratification with the ballot,
Thursday, Oct. 7.
SINCE THERE are 1300 men in
Those peering police officers
who will be watching you take
part in today's 12 hour traffic ex-
periment to relieve campus tie-ups
will not be looking for traffic viol-
ators but will be studying the plan
for future consideration.
Beginning at 7:30 today, the
block bounded by S. State, E. Lib-
erty, Maynard and E. Williams
streets will be temporarily turned
into a "one-way' loop" moving
City officials are sponsoring to-
day's experiment to help alleviate
much of the traffic congestion at
S. State and N. University inter-
section, the busiest campus cross-
During the 12 hour experi-
ment scheduled to end at 8 p.
m. tonight, traffic will move
South on S. State to Liberty,
west to Maynard, south to Wil-
liams, east to S. State and then
continue southward on S. State
the Bus. Ad. school and 69 wo-
men, there was a slight question
raised concerning whether there
should be a woman on the Coun-
cil at all times.
Pat Hall, sole woman com-
mittee member, pointed out
that every minority group has
a right to have a voice. One gen-
tleman suggested that women
should be allowed on the Coun-
cil because of their social
New Bus, Ad.
SA C Approval
The proposed Business Admin-
istration School Student Council
received official recognition,
pending minor changes in consti-
tution, at the first meeting of the
Student Affairs Committee yes-
Four tag day drives and a full
state of social activities were also
* * *
PERMISSION was granted for
the following events: Wolverine
Club Pep Rally, Oct. 1; Assembly
Fortnite, Oct. 13; Albert Deutsch
Lecture, Oct. 20; and Assembly in-
formal League House dance, Nov.
Other approved activities are
Sophomore Cabaret, Dec. 10 and
11; Women's Glee Club Christ-
mas Concert, Dec. 14; Men's
Glee Club Variety Show, Nov.
20; Hillel Foundation after-
noon dance, Sept. 30; Wolverine
Club Stan Kenton concert, Oct.
17; and a series of Friday eve-
ning dances at West Lodge.
Special 1 a.m. permission were
granted for the Assembly aid
AIM sponsored dance, Oct. 16,
and Homecoming Dance, Oct. 30.
UPSILON CHAPTER of Tau
Kappa Epsilon fraternity, inactive
since the war, was granted recog-
Four tag days were approved:
Galens, Philippine University,
WSSF and Fresh Air Camp.
On World Crisis
MOSCW-(P)-The Soviet press
said today British Foreign Sec-
retary Bevin's Speech to the Unit-
ed Nations raised the possibility of
two camps in the U.N. going sep-
A Tass dispatch from Paris in-
formed the Russian People for the
first time that the east-west dis-
pute over Berlin is to be appealed
to the security council.
* * * '
"THE DISPATCH, printed in all
Russia papers, made no comment
on the development over Berlin,
but carried prominently comment
on Bevin's speech.
A Tass dispatch quoted Bevin
as telling the Assembly on Mon-
day that Britain may have to
depend on regional pacts "if we
cannot continue on a world
basis, as we hope. We must agree
with those with whom we can
agree, work with them, with
whom we can work,. understand
and trust those who wish to en-
ter our confidence and under-
"This thesis of Bevin's is not
difficult to decipher," said the dis-
patch. "It is a preparation for
completion of the schism of the
Tass accused the Western
Powers of putting into effect "un-
concealed military preparations,"
and declared Bevin's speech was
an effort to "cover up their re-
fusal to accept" Soviet Deputy
Foreign Minister Andre Vishin
sky's proposals for a one-third cut
this year in big power armaments.
of Belgium accused Russia of
maintaining a fifth column which
he said made that of Hitler's
"look like a Boy Scout move-
He said the Soviet Union has or-
ganized a "fifth column in every
country represented" in the Unit-
ed Nations General Assembly be-
fore which he spoke.
THE ENTIRE 58-nation as-
sembly with the exception of the
Soviet Bloc responded with
IN ADDITION to the attack
from Spaak, the Soviet Union
was upbraided by French For-
eign Minister Robert Schuman
for inability to get along with
the Western Powers.
A spokesman for the Soviet Bloc
-K. U. Kysilev of White Russia,
reported that a "war psychosis is
being fanned" in the United Na-
tions. He charged that The Unit-
ed States was engaging in an arms
race and that "the feeling of the
inevitability of a new war is be-
ing popularized in the minds of
SPAAK, premier and foreign
minister of Belgium, delievered a
sharp reply to Soviet Deputy For-
eign Minister Andrei Vishinsky's
attack of last Saturday on the
He accused the Russians of an
imperialist policy "More ambi-
tious than the policy of the
Czars themselves," and added:
"We fear you when you preach
this antiquated, this absolute
doctrine of absolute national
Seniors graduating next Feb-
ruary, June, or August are urged
to make appointments for their
1949 Michiganensian pictures be-
fore Tuesday, October 5, when
photographers begin taking the
Party Candidates' Names Mystify Local Electorate.
By GEORGE WALKER
There's going to be some wild
and random guessing done in Ann
Arbor come Nov. 2.
For, according to a spot check
made by The Daily, only about a
quarter of the 50 people contacted
According to the toll, taken at
the corner of Huron and State,
18 per cent could name five can-
didates, 24 per cent named four,
13 per cent knew three, and 10 per
cent remembered only two.
* * *
MOST OF THE people, a cross
section of students and townspeo-
ple, greeted the question with an
attitude of embarrassment, which
gradually grew to self-disgust as
they vainly groped for the an-
But he never did, nor did the
young lady who blurted, "Gee!
I just can't think. I'll go around
the corner and concentrate for
Many were at a loss to name
Tuman. vlrnning mate .Sn Al-