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January 13, 1949 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1949-01-13

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SCIENCE
ORIENTATION
See Page 4

41P 41P
.414tr t.gan

Daitp

CLOUDY
AND COLD

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL LIX, No. 83 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1949e

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Federal Help for
* Sudents Favored
AAC Gives Benefits Limited Okay;
Discrimination, Religion Discussed
w NEW YORK-(P)--The Association of American Colleges wound
up a three-day conference approving - with reservations - the
President's Commission of Higher Education's ideas for Federal schol-
arships and fellowships.
Apparently untouched were earlier pleas by outgoing head, Dr.
Kenneth L. Brown, president of Denison University, for teaching of
religion in public schools and colleges and support for anti-discrim-
ination on American campuses.
THE ASSOCIATION approved the Federal benefits, on condition
that "educational standards be maintained," and with the forecast
that a sudden rise in the numbert

of college and university students
may result in a multiplying of
"educational performance at its
lowest level."
They urged that Federal
scholarships be granted on the
basis of merit and high educa-
tional standards, rather than
nleed.
Before the controversial resolu-
tioh passed, statements from the
Sfloor called the President's Com-
mission's report one of the "most
vicious forms of philosophy ever
represented in education."
THE MORE than 600 delegates,
including University of Michigan
delegates, heard Dr. Brown throw
the hot issues of discrimination
and religion study into discus-
$ions.
"You cannot do Justice to
American culture and keep re-
ligion as an elective on the
fringe of the campus," he said.
However, Dr. Brown warned
that present teaching staffs may
not, be competent to handle pro-
posed religious teachings.
HE ALSO ASKED support for
Amherst College, which is at-
tempting to purge fraternities of
prejudices regarding race, creed
and color.
Among those representing the
University were -Dean Charles H.
Peake, of the literary college, and
Arthur L. Brandon, of the In-
formation Service.
JmHop Tickets
On Sale Again
Last Chance To Get
Ducats for Big Event
To comply with numerous re-
quests, sale of J-Hop tickets will
reopen from 1 to 5 p.m. tomorrow
on the main floor of the new Ad-
ministration Building, announced
Jack Hayward, ticket chairman.
TICKETS to the official J-Hop
breakfasts Feb. 4 at the Union
and Feb. 5 in the League, will be
also on sale. "Man-sized meals
and coffeee refills will be served
to hungry dancers," promised
committee member Margaret'
Price.
The newly-reestablished two-
da.y Winter Carnival will be
added to the University's na-
tionally-famous J-Hop events,
making a five-day social 'whirl
between semesters,
"The Big Three"-Winter Car-
nival, Registration. and the huge
J-Hop climax-will be the by-
word among Michiganites for
years to come," predicted Joyce
Atchison, gemeral chairman of the
dance.
Shinkman Hits
inaccuracies
In Healns*
Americans cannot see the news
for the headlines; according to
Paul A. Shinkman, news director
for Washington, D.C. station
WBBC, who concluded the jour-
nalism lecture series last night.
Shiinkman said that headlines
often either do not tell the news
or else they hide it. Americans
traditionally do not like to face
unpleasant situations and they
will not look behind the headlines
if they believe the news will prove
unpleasant, he said.
Foreign countries, recognizing
this trait, have played upon it to
our disadvantage, Shinkman de-
clared. This American character-
istic has also caused distrust and

enmity between the United States
and other nations, he said.

Senate Will
Hear Views
Of Acheson
WASHINGTON-()-The
ate Foreign Relations Comn
will give Dean Acheson a c
today to state publicly his
tudentoward Communist Ru,
Senator George (Dem.,
said this is one of the re
why the committee called for
hearings on Acheson's nomin
to succeed Gen. George C.
shall as Secretary of State.
GEORGE SAID it was only
to give Acheson a chance tc
swer "rumors and charges"
he once favored a "soft" p
toward Russia.
Acheson will be the first
ness when the hearings ope
10:30 a.m. in the large anii
room of the Senate office b.
ing.
Senator Connally (Dem., 'I
committee chairman, said. he
two other witnesses who will
tify. He declined to disclose
names in advance but it wa
derstood that A. A. Berle,
former State Department of
will be a witness.
* * *N
CONNALLY INVITED the
tire Senate membership to a
the hearings. But he said the:
not have the privilege of ques
ing Acheson except through
"If anpbody has any questio
ask Acheson," Connally sai
want to know what they are
can't throw this hearing op
all comers."
The Texan indicated the1
ings probably will last two+
with a committee report read
Senate action early next wee
Zarichny Go(
To State Cour
LANSING - (P) - James
nichy, recently expelled
Michigan State College, ca
his fight for reinstatement t
State Supreme Court.
Donald W. Lauria o Detroi
torney for the mathematics s
from Mt. Morris, petitioned1
writ of mandamus to force
State Board of Agriculture,
lege governing body, to rea
him to classes.
He accused the college of
bitrary, illegal and unreaso
actions."
At the college, the student c
cil refused to take any acti
support Zarichny's protest o
ouster.
A three-man civil rights
mittee, appointed to invest
the case, declined to make
recommendation, declaring it
too small a group to decide th
sue.

Enlistments
Bring Army
Near Quota
Selective Service
Will Slow Down
WASHINGTON - (RP) - The
Army, with its manpower limit
sharply reduced and men pouring
out of its recruiting machine, is
trying to slow the thing down.
The Army already has reached
or is close to the 677,000-man fig-
ure set for the next fiscal year,
which starts July 1. About 35,000
volunteers have been enlisting or
reenlisting monthly.
* * *
NUMBERS OF those who have
volunteered have done so rather
than be drafted. President Tru-
man recognized this in his budget
message to Congress Monday
when he said that the existence
of the Selective Service Act has
helped spur recruiting.
Although few, if any men,
may actually be drafted here-
after, he said, it is essential
that power to draft remain
available in case voluntary en-
listinents drop too sharply.
Men of 18 who volunteer for
one year's training are exempt
from the 21-month draft when
they reach 19. Thousands of them
enlisted although other thousands
have shown an increasing willing-
ness to gamble on missing the
draft rather than- volunteer.
* * *
THE ARMY denied a report
that it was considering releasing
some or all of the 30,000 men
drafted during November, Decem-
ber and the first part of this
month.
Draft calls for February and
March have been cancelled and
officials conceded the Army
was jammed between the volun-
teers and the budget ceiling.
One solution of the dilemma
would be if enough men leave the
Army to balance the numbers
coming in during the five months
ahead.
Officials aren't really counting
on this happy solution but say
they are considering: (1) cutting
out 2-year enlistments and (2)
raising recruit standards. The
first move would leave 3-year en-
listments available.

'Snow' Joke-Winter Hits West

British Cabinet
SUpports Bevin
English Explain Armed Air Flights,
Reaffirm Course in Middle East
LONDON-(A4)-The full British cabinet apparently gave its com-
plete support to Foreign Secretary-Bevin's Palestine policy.
A high government source said there will be no change in Brit-
ain's Middle East course. This was after the cabinet met for fout
hours,
IT HEARD BEVIN'S REPORT on why Britain has sent troops to
Awaba in Trans-Jordan, instituted armed air patrols along Palestine's
Trans-Jordan and Egyptian frontiers, and warned that Middle East-
ern peace is threatened unless the UN Security Council's authority
is reestablished.
Bevin and his policy came in for questioning and criticism
in some British newspapers when

PALM TREES COVERED BY SNOW-What was perhaps the heaviest snowfall in southern Cali-
fornia history created this incongruous situation. Al Ziegler (left) and his son, Frank, shake a
heavy blanket of snow from palm trees in Montrose, Calif., suburb of Los Angeles.
* * * .

SAC ANNOUNCES:
Housing urb Lifted for
Fraternities, S orori ties

StWorldNews
.We
en to Round-Up
hear-
days,
y for By The Associated Press
k. LANSING-Payment of higher
salaries and expense accounts for
state legislators, challenged in a
court suit, was halted by Auditor
General Murl K. Aten. pending
r judgment of its legality by Attor-
ney General Stephen J. Roth.
* * *
Zar- CARACAS, Venezuela-Police
from used tear gas to disperse a street
rried riot of university students dem-
o the onstrating against the military
regime.
t, at- ~* ( a
enior WASHINGTON -- Secretary cf
for a Defense Forrestal asked Congress
the for authority "to send US. mili-
col- tary missions anywhere iii the
admit world," which if granted, would
revive a wartime authority.
"ar - n- * *
nable ATLANTA - Gov. lerman
Talmadge's forces introduced a
oun- white supremacy program in
n to the Georgia legislature today,
f his including a revival of the pollj
tax.
com-
igate HONOLULU-Lanky Bill Odoin
any took off late on a projected non-
was stop flight to New York in an ef-
w is- fort to set a new distance record
for small planes.

Increased enrollment has
brought about lifting of a Uni-
versity rule restricting fraternity
and sorority houses to an area
within "seven or eight minutes'
walk" from the campus, the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee has an-
nounced.
The SAC still retains jurisdic-
tion over their location, however.
"The acquisition of property by
student groups 'will. be decided
. on the basis of practical and
economic operation," the Commit-
tee voted.
BUT, THE CITY council has
yet to vote on a proposed ordi-
nance which would exclude stu-
dent groups from the area east of
Ferdon Rd. and Onondaga St.
The proposal brought vigor-
cus protests from IFC and Pan-
Hellenic spokesmen at an open
hearing 10 days ago. It was de-
ferred for consultation with the
City Planning Commission.
The city council hasn't met with
the Planning Commission yet, ac-
cording to Alderman A. D. Moore.
THE SAC'S ACTION left it up
to the city to make any blanket
zoning restrictions that will ap-
ply to fraternities and sororities.
Mary Stirrer, president of
Pan-Hellenic, said she hoped
"very much that the council
won't pass the ordinance, be-
cause it might prevent two Ne-
gro sororities from finding
houses"
Alderman Moore, who is a pro-
Theme of Talk
To 1ode World
Lonstiutuon
Prof. G. A. Borgese, secretary
of I he Committee to Frame a
Woirld Constitutien, will lecture
on "The Making of a World Con-
stitution" at 4:15 p.m. today in
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Prof. Borgese, who will speak
under the auspices of the political
science department, has devoted
most of the past four years to
work on the Committe.
AS EXECUTIVE secretary, lie
has been largely responsible for
drafting the Constitution and
editing the Committee's journal,
"Coinmmn Cause,"
One of the leading men in
Italian leters, his outspoken
opposition to Mussolini culmi-
minated in his refusal to take
the Fascist oath in 191 and his
flighty to the United States.
Prof. lBorgese had previously
taken an aAuve part in Italian af-
fairs and was head of the Italian
delegation to the Interallied Con-
ference in London in 1918.
Since his arrival in the United
States, Prof. Borgese has taught at
the University of California, and
Smith College . He also was pro-
fessor of Italian literature at th

lessor in the engineering college,
declined to comment on the
SAC's action.
Five Displaced
Students Will
Be Welcomed
Four displaced students will ar-
rive here from Washington, D.C.
this morning, and a fifth from the
West Coast tonight, to complete
the first group being brought to
the University by the Committee
for Displaced Students.
h * *
READY TO GIVE the new stu-
dents the low-down will be Vam-
bola Kald, who arrived shortly be-
fore Christmas, and is now living
with the Theta Xi's. Kald, to-
gether with members of the Com-
mittee and of the sponsoring or-
ganizations, will beon hand to
greet the arriving students.
Asembly will welcome Jurate
Lucia Ggstaitis; Alpha Delta Pi,
Maryell Von Hermann; Inter-
Coop Council, Sylvester March-
ingjanis; SRA, Robert Zajone;
and Lambda Chi Alpha, Felix
Mielinski.
Each of the organizations will
provide general maintenance for
the student it is sponsoring.
* *-*
THE GROUP of four students--
Miss Gustaitis, Miss Von Her-
mann, Marchingjanis and Zajonc
-went to Washington from New
York for a tour of the capital,
before coming here.
Tuesday night they were in-
troduced at a banquet of the DAR,
and yesterday met Senator Van-
denberg and other government of-
ficials in a visit to the Capitol.
'Dwyer to Act
In Strike Threat
NEW YORK-U'P)-Mayor Wil-
liam O'Dwyer called his emer-
gency planners together in the
face of a threatened strike of har-
bor tugboats which could stun
the city's commercial and private
life.
However, a late-day develop-
ment gave rise to hope that a
walkout might be averted. This
was an announcement by the city's
labor relations director that tug-
boat operators were prepared to
make new wage offer.

Most of .Nation
Hidden Under
Snow Blanket
Emergency Goods
Flown to Nebraska
That vexing weatherman!
While Ann Arbor hopes anx-
iously for a white winter carnival,
most of the rest of the country
from Maine to California, accord-
ing to the Associated Press, is al-
ready blanketed in snow, except
for the South which is in the
midst of a freak hot spell.
* * *
IN INDIANAPOLIS, the Tenth
Air Force be'gan sending planes
to snow-bound western Nebraska
with emergency supplies.
At the same time, southern
California looked far from
sunny as snow fell for the
fourth straight day. Milton
Berle reports that Gov. Earl
Warren has given the weather
24 hours to get out of the state.
In the northwest, prolonged se-
vere cold has frozen over rivers
and clogged streams with ice,
keeping several thousand logging
and lumber workers idle.
But although there is no joy in
the north, west, or east, "some-
where in the favored land the sun
is shining bright," at tempera-
tures reached mid-May heights in
the South.
Fontaine Bid
To Committee
'U' Research Head
Aids MissileGroup
Athanas P. Fontaine, director of
the University's Willow Run Aero-
nautical Research program, has
been appointed to the Technical
Evaluation Group of the Research
and Development Board's Guided
Missile Committee.
As a member of the evaluation
group, he will assist in evaluating
the accomplishments of all aca-
demic, governmental and indus-
trial contracts covering Guided
Missile research.
* * *
PREVIOUSLY, Fontaine had
peen a member of one of the
Countermeasure Panels of the
Committee, and will be replaced in
this job by Prof. F. W. Ross, of
the University Engineering Re-
search.
As such, it is the top ranking
board of the country.

five RAF planes were shot down
last Friday while engaged in an
armed reconnaissance over the
Israeli-Egyptian battle area.
Anthony Eden, No. 2 man in the
Conservative Party, denounced
flights over the area as "entirely
purposeless and deplorable."
IN A POLITICAL talk at War-
wick, Eden called the Friday at-
tack on British planes by Israelis
"an unwarranted and aggressive
act.".
Then he asked, "Why were our
aircraft sent to carry out a recon-
naissance over a battle area in
such conditions? What useful
British purpose could be served?"
He criticized the handling of
affairs in the Middle East as
"confused" and endangering
British-American friendship.
Tel Aviv dispatches quoted one
of the RAF fliers as saying in an
interview his Spitfire had crossed
into Palestine territory before it
was shot down Friday by Jewish
riflemen.
The flier, Pilot Frank Harvey
Close, was quoted as saying he
was familiar with road landmarks
in the area and knew his flight
leader led the formation over the
frontier. He could not say wheth-
er the flight leader knew it, how-
ever.
The story sent authorities "at a
very high level" in London into
a huddle. Eventually the Air Min-
istry stuck by its original story.
Williams Will
Reveal Budget
To Appear Before
LegislatureToday
LANSING-(a)-In a sudden
change of plans, Governor Wil-
liams arranged to appear before
the legislature today and submit
his budget message, which he has
promised will include funds for
increased financial aid to colleges
and universities.
Originally, Williams had
planned to file only the budget
document this week and to submit
his financial recommendations at
a later date.
WILLIAMS' request last week
for increased college aid raised
the hopes of University of Michi-
gan officials, who have asked
more than eight million dollars
for capital improvements.
The money would be spent to
build additions to the General
Library, Angell Hall, plans for
the School of Music and a Medi-
cal Research Buildings.
Requests for 73 new' faculty
members were also included in the
operating budget submitted to the
legislators.
As Gov. Williams announced
that he would appear before the
legislature today, the 39 House
Democrats meanwhile organized at
a secret campus, electing Rep.
William Romano as minority floor
leader.

China Group,
Urges Ending_
Of Civil War
NANKING-(P)-The Chinese
Government's control Yuan urged
an immediate cease fire in China's
civil war..
The Yuan (corresponding to a
budget bureau, and not a policy-
making body) voted to send mes-
sages to President Chiang Kai-
Shek and Mao Tze-Tung, top
Communist leader, calling for a
halt in the fighting and for peace
negotiations.
* * *
"THE REAL victory should at-
tempt to meet the real desires of
the people and the achievement of
peace," said the Yuan's statement.
(The dispatch did not men-
tion any reaction by Chiang,
who already has offered to ne-
gotiate with the Chinese Reds
-for peace on his own terms.
The communist radio flatly re-
jected Chiang's offer.)
(Meanwhile, a dispatch direct
from Communist-besieged Tient-
sin described fighting on three
sides of the big north China in-
dustrial city. The dispatch Inad
no mention of a truce there, or
any arrangements for the city's
surrender.
(REPORTS OF a peace move
by Tientsin's citizens circulated
belief that such a move would set
a pattern for an end to the civil
war.
(Nationalist preparations to
meet a possible Communist as-
sault on Peiping from the north
were reported from that ancient
capital by Associated Press cor-
respondent Spencer Moosa.
(Moosa messaged Shanghai
that "censorship completely blot-
ted out important developments
of Peiping, going far beyond the
needs of security."
(HOWEVER, regarding prepar-
ations for a red assault, the Peip-
ing censor permitted Moosa to
say: "The people of Peiping d
not think the city will be a battle-
field but the Reds appear to be
getting tired of Fu Tso-Yis stall-
ing.
(Gen. Fu Tso-Yi is the gov-
ernment's north China com-
mander, with headquarters in
Peiping.
(Moosa reported earlier that
trustworthy reports had it that
the Reds refused to compromise
on the surrender of Tientsin).
* * *
REPORTS reaching Nanking by
radio from Tientsin said the Com-
munists sent these terms into the
city:
All troops to down arms; all
military supplies and equipment
to be protected and turned over
to the Reds; all soldiers to be
protected if they obey -these
terms,
In reply, the garrison of 6,000
men is said to have agreed to give
ip the city if the Reds would let
it keep its small arms and sail
'ack to Nationalist China from
the nearby port of Tangku.
ROTC Course
Credits Raised
Increased course credit for
ROTC students has been an-
nounced by the military depart-
ment.
Credit will be raised from one
}. fur li ir fnrfi m oA no-"A

HORATIO ISN'T HEP:
B irthday Survey Shows
K iddies' Scorn for Alger

STATE OF EMERGENCY:
Expert Calls Cramming Best Out'

By JO MISNER
Juvenile literature has swung
from 'rags and riches' to gags and
pictures since grandpa was a boy.
Today, on the 115th birthday of
Horatio Alger, Jr., the celebrated
author of the "Luck and Pluck"
series would have to trade his pen
for a cartoonist's pencil to suit
youthful readers.
"I READ one Alger book once. I
never read: another" is a tvnical

and Ready; or Life Among the
New York Newsboys," boasts all
of three readers in the past six
months, including a grad student
and a faculty member.
THE THIRD reader, harry C.
Smnale, 'ti5 ED, said, "I was as-
signed to read the book in a
speech class. I wouldn't reconi-
mend it to the general reader,"
However, juvenile readers to-
av sem.to *shax a, decided

_ .,

By FRAN IVICK
The idea that cramming is all
wrong is all wrong, according tol
psychology experts.
More material can be learned
by cramming for an exam than
by not cramming, obviously, al-
though it won't last long, Haskell

however, cramming is fine, he
said.
And emergency measures are
just what cornered students are
using with the hectic exam period
almost upon them.
Midnight oil is still smoking in
the dorms at 4 and 5 a.m. Con-
+Umnns nia ;hours and evening

keep interest aroused and carry
on the motivation to study."
"The best ways to stay awake,
aside from the unsure stimulation
of patented medicines, are a low
room temperature, fresh air and
frequent exercise like stretching
and walking," Coplin said.
HAVING GIVEN im the fight to

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