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December 15, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-12-15

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HUMAN
RIGHTS
See Page 4

Pg

Latest Deadline in the State

4hr
t Ig

RAIN AND
WARMER

VOL. LIX, No. 72 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 15, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Vital Military
DataWonby
Secrets Bared at
Aberdeen in '37
WASHINGTON - (k') -Secrets
of "great military significance"
leaked out before the war from
the Army's proving ground for
new weapons at Aberdeen, Md.,
the House Un-American Activities
Committee charged.
It did not describe the stolen in-
formation. Rep. Mundt (Rep., S.
D.), acting chairman, said the
committee believes a person still
employed by the government was
involved. He would not say wheth-
er this person served in a military
capacity then or now.
HE PLACED the time of the
leak in the 1937-38 period when
Whittaker Chambers says State
Department and other govern-
ment secrets were being piped out
through the Communist spy un-
derground here.
The red spy case produced
these developments yesterday:
1. Mrs. Marian Bachrach, 50, a
Communist and "proud of it," was
questioned by the Committee
about Mrs. Alger Hiss and a type-
writer. Mrs. Bachrach said she
had never loaned Mrs. Hiss a type-
writer and never got one from
her.
Mundt said later: "We have
some new leads on the typewrit-
er."
* * *
2. REP. CELLEI (Dem., N.Y.)
said he will ask the House to abol-
ish the Un-American Activities
Committee and substitute a Civil
Rights Committee whose purpose
would be "to investigate and de-
termine violations of civil rights,
either by the Ku Klux Klan, Fas-
cists, Communists or other
groups."
3. Rep. Rankin (Dem., Miss.)
told reporters he is convinced
that Communist spying went on
during World War II and that
some Americans had committed
wartime treason. He acknowl-
edged that the committee has
no secret documents taken dur-
ing the war, but he said that he
deduced from the evidence that
some had been stolen.
4. In New York, Chambers told
reporters that after he quit the
Communist Party in 1938 he went
into hiding near Baltimore. He
said he feared that his children
might be kidnaped by Communists
to force him to give up.
5. The New York grand jury,
running an inquiryinto espionage
reports parallel to the House Com-
mittee, summoned Adolph A.
,Berle,Jr., former AssistanthSec-
retary of State, to testify. Cham-
bers went to Berle in 1939 with a
story of Communist activity in
Washington.
Culprit Admits'
Slide Rule Ball
Ticket Fraud
The mystery of the counterfeit
Slide Rule Ball tickets has been
solved.
A business administration stu-
dent told The Daily that he was
responsible for the printing of 50
extra dance tickets.
* *n
THE ONLY reason the student

gave for ordering the bogus tick-
ets was that, after having already
made a> date for the affair, he
learned that official ticket sales
were closed.
Yesterday he conferred with
editors of the Michigan Tech-
nic, engineering college publi-
cation which sponsored the
dance, about making amends.
Technic Editor Gus Gicewski
said the matter would be dropped
if the student returned the ducats.
THE BUSINESS administration
student said that he had used
only on ticket for himself, and had
given away, not sold, the rest, but
that none of them had been used.
He promised to retrieve the
tickets and turn them over to
Technic editors today.
Guerin Chosen As
Independent Head
Ray Guerin was elected presi-
dent of the Association of Inde-
pendent Men at an organization
meeting last night.
An electofin comm ni ttee to discuss

I

'U' Greets First
Of Six Displaced
StudentsToday
Theta Xi fraternity today will welcome the first displaced stu-
dent to arrive under the auspices of the Committee on Displaced Stu-
dents.
Sponsoring group for the student, Theta Xi will meet him when
he arrives on the Wolverine train this morning. He will spend the va-
cation period with one of the fraternity members.
* * *H lo
ALTHOUGH HE will not be officially enrolled in the University

Rumors

of

Permanent

Military

Deferment of Students Quashed

A

communists
Near Gates
Of Peiping
NANKING-(P)-Peiping was
isolated and shorn of air support
today as the Communists neared
its gates.
The rising peril to the ancient
Chinese capital touched off new
peace rumors in Nanking.
MEANWHILE Wlamn C,. Bullitt
arrived in Washington from China
where he investigated that na-
tion's needs to meet the Commu-
nist military threat and the ad-
ministration of the $400,000,000
aid program already being carried
out. He had no comments for re-
porters.
A feeling that all is lost in
North China had some of the
nation's highest officials talk-
ing privately of a coaliion gov-
ernment with the Communists
(presumably without Chiang
Chiang Kai-Shek) or a negotiat-
ed peace.
They talked despite Chiang's
warning a month ago, when the
first Red threat to Nanking arose,
that it was treason to speak of ne-
gotiating with the Communists, in-
formed sources said.
THERE EVEN was a rumor out
of Hong Kong that Chiang had re-
signed. A responsible official in
Chiang's office denied this. He also
denied another rumor afloat in
Nanking that Chiang was about to
leave to join Madame Chiang Kai-
Shek in Washington.
Fire Damage1
CalledSlight
Several hundred dollars was the
extent of the damages in the An-
gell Hall fire Monday, according
to Walter Roth, superintendent of
the Plant Department.
"There was more inconvenience
caused than damage," Roth said.
"Libraries were closed and night
classes in Angell Hall were can-
celled because of the lack of:
light."'
Wires and switchboards have
been replaced temporarily, pend-
ing a major improvement of the
Angell Hall lighting system.
Until the new power lines are
set up, Angell Hall lighting is be-
ing held to a minimum in order
that the lines will not be over-
loaded enough to fail again.
Technic on Sale Today
The December Michigan
Technic goes on sale today at
the West Engineering Arch.
This issue includes articles on
the Bureau of Reclamation,
wartime research in the Uni-
versity metal processing de-
partment, and a plea to engi-
neers to consider the mechan-
ic, as well as information
purely of interest to engineers.

until next semester, he plans to sit
in on classes for the remainder of
the present term.
With both housing and admis-
sion problems finally solved,
five other displaced students
will also be taking their place on
campus after the holidays.
"It is a real Christmas present
for University students," Dean
Erich A. Walter said yesterday in
praising the results accomplished
by the Committee for Displaced
Students, which has been in oper-
ation since the middle of October
"The students really took hold of
the project in the way I expected,"
he declared.
FOUR OF THE displaced stu-
dents have been accepted for ad-
mission in the literary college, and
one each in the engineering and
architecture colleges. Foreign stu-
dent tuition scholarships for the
spring term have been provided by
the University for each of the stu-
dents.,
Planning to furnish room and
board as well as general ex-
penses, campus groups have
pledged sponsorsip of individ -
ual students. Lambda Chi Al-
pha, Theta Xi, the Inter-Coop-
erative Council and the Student
Religious Association will each
sponsor one of the men students.
Members of Panhel are sharing
the support of a woman student
who will live in Alpha Xi Delta
sorority.
Assembly has been accepting
contributions towards support of
its displaced student from inde-
pendent women on campus. She
will live in one of the smaller
dormitories.
* * *
IN ADDITION to continuing di-
rect contributions, independent
women will also be aiding the proj-
ect when they make purchases in
dormitory stores. The League
Council yesterday voted to donate
profits from the booths to Assem-
bly's displaced student fund. For-
merly, the Fresh Air Camp was re-
cipient.
The six displaced students are
among several hundred whom Wil-
liam If. Sudduth, former UNRRA
official, is placing in American
colleges.
County Checks
On Infirmary
The Washtenaw County Board j
of Supervisors and the prosecu-
tor's office launched an investiga-
tion into the administration of the
county infirmary.
THE ACTION stemmed from
charges made by Chairman Mark
Mayne of the Board of Supervisors
against Herbert Kennett, the in-
firmary director, and his wife, Ina.
Prosecutor Douglas Reading
spent several hours talking to
the Kennetts, who have directed
the 115-bed infirmary for 11
years.
Mayne accused the Kennetts,
who get a combined salary of $5,-
000, of permitting negligence of
patients, verbal abuse of patients
and unsanitary conditions. There
was no comment from the couple.

WELCOMES MICHIGAN STATE-Kenneth (Tug) Wilson (right), commissioner of the Western
Conference, congratulates Ralph Young (second from right), athletic director of Michigan State
College, in Chicago, after the school was voted membership into the Conference. Looking on are
Fritz Crisler (left), and Dean Lloyd C. Emmons, Michigan State faculty representative.

Union Heads
Assert Power
In New Plans
Believe Truman Win
Strengthens Positions
WASHINGTON-(AP)--The AFL,
and CIO laid out separate pro-
grams for accepting their renewed
strength in politics and on Capi-
tol Hill.
Both think they are in the
strongest position in years as a re-
sult of the Nov. 2 victory of Presi-
dent Truman and the election of a
Democratic-controlled Congress at
least pledged by a party platform
to repeal the Taft-Hartley Act.
THE LABOR groups take credit,
with farmers, for a share in that
result.
Removal of the Taft-Hartley
law from the books and restora-
tion of the Wagner Act is the
avowed aim of both labor fed-
erations.
Here are today's developments ,
behind closed doors and for the
most part closely guarded in de-
tail.
THE CIO'S NINE vice presidents
met all day with President Philip
Murray and .Secretary-Treasurer
James B. Carey.
A committee of three. met
with Secretatry of Labor Tobin
yesterday, presumably discuss-
ing how far the CIO was willing
to go in amending the old Wag-
ner Act if it is put back in busi-
n'ess.
The AFL political league ad-
niinistrative coimittee of 30 un-
ion chiefs okayed some changes ii
tIhe league's by-laws so it could
launch a sweeping political "edu-
cation" drive for votes in 1950, fi-
nanced by a ten cent assessment
on the more than 7,000,000 melmn-
bers.
Post Editor To
Laf]. Parle
lRobert MV1. Fjuoss, '33, managog
elitor of the Saturday Evening
Post, will conduct a journalism
discussion at 3 p.m. today in Rin.
Ii, Haven a l.
The programn will be an informal
one in which Fuoss will answer
questions of journalism students
aiid other University students in
the audience. A coffee hour in
the Departient of Journalism will
follow the discussion.
Fuoss was graduatedJ froin the
l"uil versityjo orualisn department
in 1933. He began his journalistic
career in the field of sales promo-
tion and advertising.
Fuoss joined the staff of tile
promotion de artment ofthe

HOLUIDA Y SONGFEST:
Local Yuletide Programs
Offer Christmas Music
The carols of Christmas-supremely embodying the good will of
the season-will ring across campus in abundance this week.
The Men's Glee Club, directed by Philip Duey, and the Women's
Glee Club, directed by Marguerite Hood, will combine to present a
program of familiar Christmas music at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium.
A second concert will be given at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow, also in
Hill, and will feature the University of Michigan Choir under Con-
ductor Maynard Klein.
': * * *
THE GLEE CLUBS will sing several numbers separately and
merge for a group of special arrangements.
In the first part of the program they will sing Pergolesi's
"Glory to God in the Highest," with Charlotte Boehm, Doris Kays,
Rowland McLaughlin, and Jack Jensen as soloists. The two groups
will also sing Bach's "Now Let All the Heavens Adore Thee" and
the "Westminster Carol."
"The Coventry Carol," "Christ of the Snow," and "Mary's Lullaby"
will be sung by the Women's Glee Club.
* * * *
.THESE SONGS will be followed by "Christmas Story," and
"Behold That Star" sung by the Men's Glee Club in a Waring ar-
rangement with Edward Pfluke as soloist. "Dona Nobis Pacem" and
"Hallelujah Amen" will also be presented.
Next the Women's Glee Club will sing "Swedish Dance Carol,"
"White Christmas," and "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town,"
A group of Christmas carols sung by the combined glee clubs
will conclude the program. These will include "Christmas Day," by
Holst, with solos sung by Charlotte Boehm, Jean Dennis, Joy Williams,
Archie Brown, Bob Mulford, and Jack Jensen; "Patapan," a Bur-
gundian carol; "Gloucestershire-Wassail," sung by soloist William
Redmon; "0 Come All Ye Faithful," by Reading; and "The First
Noel."
* * *
OtTIER. CAROLS which will be presented are "OC Holy Night,"
"0 Little Town of Bethlehem," "Silent Night," "Joy to the World,"
and "We Wish You a Merry Christmas."
One of the numnbers to be included in the University of Mich-
igan's Choir program will be the American premiere of Benjamin
Britten's "Saint Nicolas."
The University Orchestra, a brass choir, and tenor soloist Harold
1 laugh, associate professor of voice, will assist in this concert.
BOTH CONCERTS ARE open to the public,
Meatiwhile carolers from scores of University residence halls,
fraternities, sororities and other groups are braving chill Ann
Arbor nights in their singing rounds of campus,
Tonight 11 houses and other organizations are scheduled to
i turate the town with hallowed carols. 'T'omorrow night nine more
groups will pound the icy pavements to sing carols.
IIISOIII(A jIX IFEFIFD:

Visual Cruelty
LOS ANGELES-Mrs. MaryJ
Magley claims it's cruel for a
husband to adorn their bed-
room with pictures of his four
ex-wives, all beautiful.
The judge thinks so, too. He
gave her a divorce today from
Guy B. Magley, real estate
man, who did not contest the
decree.
Depressiont
Would Ruin
U.S.--- Viner
America's economic and political,
structure cannot stand the shock
of another major depression, ac-
cording to Prof. Jacob Viner ofa
Princeton University.-
Prof. Viner, distinguished eco-
nomist and State Department con-
sultant, delivered the third in a
series of guest economics lectures
here yesterday.
* *+*"
"SUCH A catastrophe," he told
his audience, "would fatally un-
dermine all faith in free enter-
prise both here and abroad."
We have gained the knowl-
edge necessary to prevent a re-
currence of the last great de-
pression through bitter experi-
ence, he said. "All we need now
is courage and foresight in the
application of our policies," he
continued.
"Prosperity can be made perma-
nent without a revolutionary
change in our present system,"
Prof. Viner emphasized.
HE ATTRIBUTED the fact that
England and other countries have
found free enterprise unsatisfac-
tory to their lack of anti-trust
legislation.
"Although the U.S. anti-trust
policy has been none too vigor-
ous, it, has done a much better
job than most people realize,"
he pointed out.
"Anti-trust policy is based on
the fact that size means power
and a free economic system can-
not stand too much power from
any direction," he explained.
* *
PROF. VINER went on to pre-
dict a continuation of the battle
over current government policy
to clamp down on monopolistic
practices of big business.
"This struggle should be wel-
comed as it will help the pub-
lic to re-grasp the nature of true
free enterprise," the economist
said.
Emphasizing the need for a sta-
ble economy Prof. Viner said that
in 1946 Europeans confidently ex-
pected an American depression
within six months.
"In order to revive faith in free
enterprise abroad, the U.S. must
convince both itself and foreign
nations that current American
prosperity is solid and lasting," he
commented.
Petitions for Music Lit
Called in by Legislature
Students who have been circu-
lating petitions for the non-credit
musical lit course being sought by
the Student Legislature have been
requested to turn the petitions
over to Mrs. Adams, secretary to
Dean Walter today or Thursday.

Mrs. Adams' office is now lo-
cated in the General Service
Building.

Draft Advisor
its Harvard
'Fact Errors'
Truth Expected
Before Dec. 25
By CRAIG WILSON
Rumors that college students
would celebrate Christmas with
the news of their permanent draft
deferment were quashed yesterday
by a Selective Service committee-
man.
In a special Daily interview, he
said a story to that effect, which
appeared in the Harvard Crimson,
campus publication at Harvard,
was "riddled with errors of fact."
* * *
HE WOULD NEITHER affirm
nor deny statements published in
the Crimson that five Selective
Service Advisory Committees
would soon recommend to draft
director Gen. Lewis B. Hershey
:hat "all college and graduate
-chool students be deferred Indefi-
nitely."
He hinted that the facts of
the advisory group's report to
Gen. Hershey may. be released
before Dec. 25.
Spokesman was Prof. E. Low-
el Kelly, of tihe psychology de-
partment, who is helping draft
the joint report of the five Ad-
visory committees which they
approved almost unanimously
Friday in Washington.
He said the report is expected
to go to Gen. Hershey some time
next week, and-after consulta-
tion with President Truman-the
Selective Service director Wil
make appropriate recommenda-
tions to local draft boards.
* * *
THE JOINT REPORT is of
committees representing: 1. engi-
neering; 2. agriculture and biol-
ogy; 3. physical sciences including
chemistry; 4. social sciences; and
5. humanities, including linguis-
tics.
The Crimson, basing its ar-
ticle on an "anonymous com-
mittee leak," said Selective
Service Headquarters would
recommend - but not make
mandatory-the deferment of all
college students as long as they
did "satisfactory work."
Prof. Kelly said the new report
will "attempt to solve the prob-
lem to the satisfaction of the
armed forces, educators and stu-
dents."'
* *I *
"ANY PREMATURE announce-
.nent concerning the joint report
without clearance through proper
.hannels might tend to jeopardize
the chances of its eventual ap-
proval," he said.
(Early in November a report
of another Advisory Committee
freed all medical, dental, vet-
erinary and osteopath students
from draft worries.)
(According to an American
Council on Education Bulletin, ed-
ucators howled at having to de-
cide which freshmen would win
deferments to enroll in medical
schools three years later-after
completing preliminary academic
work. They also objected to "un-
workable parts of the recommen-
dation," according to the bulletin.)
UNTIL FURTHER- statements
are made, only the following re-
lease, from the Federal Commit-
tee on Higher Education, can be
a guidepost to draft-worried schol-
ars:
"Since many questions pertain-

ing to the deferment of students
must yet be solved, and no gen-
eral policy has been formulated
and approved by the President,
the Committee on Relationships
(of the Education group) strongly
recommends that students now
enrolled in colleges and universi-
ties apply for the postponement
of their induction and continue
their study and research until the
end of the current academic year;
and that the institution transmit
the necessary certification to the
local Selective Service Board."

World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
GUATEMALA, GUATEMALA-Direct reports from E Salvador
said President Salvador Casteneda Castro had resigned his office and
the military was in control of the country.
Thesereports from San Salvador, capital of the neighboring
Central American republic, said the city was calm after fighting which
had raged during the day.
*
WASHfNGTON-The Senate Elections Subcommittee was
asked to meet to act on an appeal from Frank E. Hook that it
try to preserve the ballots ast in the U.S. Senate race in Michi-

Elizabeth's Son To Be Named Charles

LOND)N.-..UR' Princess Eliza- 1, was beheaded by Cromwell in
beth defied a historical jinx today 1649.
by deciding to name her first-born Charles Ix claimed the throne
son Charles. the same year but was recognized
The full name of the month-old as monarch only by Scotland,

Philip, the second name, is that
of his father, the Duke of Edin-
burgh.
Arthur is the third of the four

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