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December 11, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-12-11

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WHOSE
INALIENABLE RIGHTS?9
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

* Ip

CLOUDY,
WARMER

-0

VOl. LX, No. 69

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, kATUItDAY, DEC. 11, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

A 11 iri VL'rlt a0

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Michigan Cagers
To Meet Toledo
RocketsTonight
Strong, Polished Ohioans Promise
Battle for Injury-Ridden Wolverines
By PRES HOLMES
Michigan's injury-ridden basketball squad will tangle with one'
of its toughest opponents of the season tonight when they meet the
Toledo quintet on the Yost Field House court at 7:30.
Already plagued with enough mishaps to last any team through-
out an entire season, the Wolverines are in for a stiff test'this evening.
THE ROCKETS, although they are a little short in the height
department, possess an experienced squad that is deep in every posi-
tion.
They have polished off Niagara University, 73-57, and the

State Summons
Three Students
On Tax Evasions
Three University students have been subpoenaed to appear in
court at Pontiac as the State Department of Revenue started an in-
tensive drive to end cigarette tax evasions on the University cAmpus
and throughout -the state.
Names of the students were not revealed in a letter to The
Daily signed by Michael R. Spaniolo, supervisor of the cigarette tax

Bill Passed over
Soviet Objections
Vishinsky Viciously Attacks France,
England, U.S. in Assembly Debate
PARIS - The United Nations tonight adopted over Russian
objection the first world bill of rights proclaiming freedom and equal-
ity for everyone.
The vote was 48 to 0 with eight abstentions and two delegations
absent.
WHEN THE BALLOTS were counted the delegates stood to ap-
plaud Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt who championed the declaration
since its beginning two and a half years ago.
During the crackling Assembly debate, chief Soviet spokesman
Andrei Y. Vishinisky accused the United States, Britain and
France of paving the way for World War II. The fiery deputy for-
eign minister seized the occa- Q

West Europe
Nations Seek
U.S. Alliance
Pact To Combine
Military Powers
WASHINGTON-( P)-The key
nations of Western 'Europe" re-
opened negotiations with the
United States and Canada for an
,unprecedented, North -Atlantic mil-
itary alliance. In the European
view the pact should last for the
next 50 years.
The United States may object
to making a commitment for such
a long period. Top officials here
appear fully confident, however,
that a pact will be finally worked
out in about three months to co-
ordinate the military might of
North America and Western Eu-
rope for many years to come.
BEHIND the American govern-
ment's interest in the project are
two primary considerations: (1) A
desire to curb possible Russian ag-
gression in Europe and (2) A de-
termination to strengthen the Eu-
ropean Recovery Program by giv-
ing the non-Communist nations a
greater sense of security for the
future.
The negotiations which were
- suspended last September were
resumed today when ambassa-
dors or ministers of Britain,
France, the Netherlands, Bel-
gium, Luxembourg and Canada
met with Undersecretary of
State Robert Lovett and in-
formed him they had instruc-
tions from their governments on
how to proceed.
Persons familiar with today's
meeting said that the pact itself
was not substantially discussed
and no formal proposals as to
scope and duration were put for-
ward. It was agreed that serious
work would begin on Monday
when another meeting is sched-
uled and tre Europeans are ex-
pected to put forth a tentative
draft of their own at that time.
Apply Now for
J=Hop Booths
Applications for booths at J-
Hop, to be held Friday and Satur-
day, Feb. 4 and 5 in the Intra-
mural Building, must be made
before 9 a.m. Monday, according
to Nancy Williams, booth chair-
man.
Houses, dorms and other groups
may apply to Miss Williams at
2-2547 stating the night prefer-
red.
The Monday morning deadline
has been set to enable students to

quintet from Defiance, 0., Col-
lege, 92-39, in their first two
games of the season.
Dal Zuber, 5 ft., 11 in. forward,
now in his fourth season at for-
ward with the Rockets has aver-
aged 22 points in these two games,
and can be expected to make
trouble for the Wolverines to-
night.
ZUBER'S teammate, and close
on his heels for scoring honors,
is Charlie Harmon, also in 'his
fourth season at forward for T.U.
He stands 6 ft., 1 in.
John Kartholl and Carlo
Muzi, 5 ft., 11 in. and 5 ft. 10 in.
respectively, are the Toledo
guards. Len Rhodes is the tall-
est man on the squad at 6 ft.,
4 in., and he will start at cen-
ter for the Rockets. A.
Despite this lack of height To-
ledo presents a dazzling offense
characterized by the fast break,
and stress on ball-handling and
lbng-range shooting, which more
than compensates for their defi-
ciency in height.
** *
TOLEDO COACH Jerry Bush
will bring to Michigan something
which Wolverine fans are already
familiar with on the gridiron, not
on the hardwood court . . . the
two-team system. "One team is as
good as another" as he puts it,
and he uses both freely.
Coach Ernie McCoy will pre-
sent a patched-up starting
team, as Capt. Bill Roberts and
Hal Morrill are still on the
doubtful list with injured legs.
Pete Elliott will team with Bob
Harrison at guard, Irv Wisniew-
ski will handledthe center posi-
tion, and Boyd McCaslin and
Mack Suprunowicz will operate at
forward.
IN THE LAST few days three
Wolverines have suffered serious
injuries. Along with Roberts and
Morrill, Bob Olson will probably
sit this one out as he injured his
ankle in Thursday's practice ses-
sion.
Mayor Brown Will
Seek Reelection
Ann Arbor's mayor, William E.
Brown Jr., will seek a third term
in the city elections April 4.
However, Alderman Walter R.
Garthe, first ward, announced he
would not be a candidate to ex-
tend his ten year tenure. The re-
port came in a flurry of politics
that saw several local hats go into
the ring.
Robert A. Duval will go after
Garthe's post, Lawrence Olimet
will run against incumbent Robert
W. Ward, in the third ward, and
both Franklin C. Forsythe and
John S. Dobson will compete for
the seventh ward post now held by
Alderman Bernard E. Harkins.

LIESTER McCOY
... will conduct Messiah
Set Opening
Of 'Messiah'
For Thnioht
Handel's "Messiah" has a year-
round interest for Lester McCoy,
who will direct its performance.
here at 8:30 p.m. today and 2:30
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
y * *
DUE TO ITS frequent perform-
ance, errors and innovations have
sometimes crept into the music of
the "Messiah," and authorities are
constantly seeking to remedy er-
rors handed down in this way, ac-
cording to McCoy.
He has done extensive re-
search in the library studying
slch items as .the reprint of a
, review written for Handel's first
memorial concert in 1784
The music McCoy is using for
this year's performances is that
of J. M. Coopersmith, greatest liv-
ing Handel authority, and is
based on a study of the original
manuscript.
McCOY WILL direct the entire
ensemble for the "Messiah" in-
cluding the 300-member Univer-
sity Choral Union and the Uni-
versity Musical Society Orches-
tra.
This year for the first time,
Choral Union members have au-
ditioned for parts as stand-ins
to the soloists.
Tickets for the "Messiah" may'
be obtained in the University Mu-
sical Society Offices, Burton Me-
morial Tower.

division in the revenue depart-'
ment.
IT WAS POINTED out that
criminal prosecutions under the
State law can lead to $1,000 fine
or a year in jail or both. The
law prohibits importation of cig-
arettes without payment ofg a
State tax.
Revenue department officers
said "some of the cigarette
mail-order houses operating in
Missouri, Maryland and Wash-
ington, D.C., are absolutely dis-
honest in their advertising" be-
cause they say cigarettes can be
purchased from them without
violating the law.
Reciprocal agreements with
most of the states allow the rev-
enue department to learn the
names of Michigan residents who
receive cigarettes through the
mail without paying the tax.
CRIMINAL prosecutions have
already been carried out success-
fully against recipients of mailed
cigarettes in three Michigan
counties.
In addition, more than $30,-
000 in cigarette taxes and pen-
alties have been paid by son
3,000 Michigan residents fo1
bringing cigarettes in by mail,
it was pointed out.
The revenue department said
it is receivingfull cooperation of
the Michigan State Police in its
efforts.
University authorities could fur-
nish no details of the actions tak-
en by the revenue department.
Carolers To Sing
There will be a song in the
air at 8 p.m. Sunday when hun-
dreds of students gather in front
of the General Library for the an-
nual all campus Christmas carol
sing.
Lane Hall will hold open
house for all carolers after the
sing.

SportsBill
There's plenty brewing for
Wolverine sports followers this
weekend.
Action starts at the IM build-
ing pool tomorrow afternoon
where the annual Swim Gala is
being held. Action will start at
2:30 and continue into the eve-
ning.
At 7:30 the Wolverine cagers
take on Toledo University's
Rockets at Yost Field House.
At 8:30, the Michigan puck-
sters will take the ice against
the Windsor Spitfires, at the
Coliseum.
The eager sport fan thus can
witness three separate sports
over the weekend.
Prof. Stockard
Praises Plan
For Evaluation
Professional Schools
RapidlyAccept Idea
The University's new system of
student evaluations for admission
to professional schools is working
out favorably, according to Prof.
Alfred H. Stockard, evaluation in-
terviewer.
The evaluation's are designed to
take the place of personal letters
of recommendation required for
pre-professional students entering
medical and dental colleges.
Where two letters were formerly
needed for admission, the eval-
uation is now acceptable to vir-
tually every professional school in
the country.
"I AM VERY enthusiastic about
the plan's prospects," Prof. Stock-
ard said.
We would like to spend more
time in interviewing students,
but as the situation now stands,
every student who applies for
an interview will be accomno-
dated within this year, Prof.
Stockard added.
At the University medical and
dental schools, the letters have
been dropped in favor of the com-
posite recommendations for the
student, which are great time sav-
ers.
Hit Barbers'
Discrimination
STATE COLLEGE, Pa. -(AP)-
Refusal of downtown barbers to
cut the hair of Negro students at
Pennsylvania State College
brought pickets to their doorways
today.
White students started in the
barber shops and were joined later
in the day by Negroes.
"Let your hair grow - cultivate
democracy," said a placard car-
ried by one of the pickets. An-
other sign read: "Jim Crow must
go-end discrimination."

Mine. Chiang
Asks Truman
For New Adid
Chiang Kai-Shek
Sets Martial Law
WASHINGTON-_(P) -President
Truman "listened sympathetical-
ly" to a plea by Madame Chiang
Kai-Shek for new American aid
to China's hard pressed National-
ist government.
They talked over the China
crisis for about a half hour at
Blair House after a 5 o'clock tea
which Mrs. Truman attended.
* * *
MME. CHIANG, wife of Gen-
eralissimo Chiang, herself told re-
porters that "the President is the
one" to report on the conference.
It was her first meeting with
Mr. Truman since she arrived
10 days ago on a hurried, un-
official mission for the anti-
Communist Nanking regime.
She left after the meeting with
Mrs. George C. Marshall, wife of
the Secretary of State, to return
to the Marshall home at nearby
Leesburg, Va., where she has been
a guest since her arrival.
DIPLOMATIC OFFICIALS were
frankly skeptical that the result
of the conference would be any-
thing approaching all-out aid to
China.
These officials said in advance
of the meeting that there was
little hope Mr. Truman could offer
Madame Chiang on her plea for
emergency U.S. aid, except a
promise to give the whole Chinese
situation a serious continuing
study.
MEANWHILE IN Nanking,
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek
proclaimed martial law for all Na-
tionalist China except the island
of Formosa, Tibet and three semi-
independent far-western prov-
inces.

ELEANOR ROOSEVELT
. . receives ovation

AMERICAN HERITAGE:
Canham Urges Freedom
Of World Communication

sion to launch one of the bit-
terest attacks yet against the
West.
The adopted document, entitled
"Universal Declaration of Human
Rights," has only moral authority
until the next regular Assembly
in Sept., 1949. Before that meet-
ing opens, a human rights cove-
nant is to be drafted. The cove-
nant would obligate signatory
countries to respect individual
rights or face penalties.
DR. HERBERT V. EVATT of
Australia, president of the cur-
rent Assembly, said the declara-
tion "gradually will terminate po-
litical differences" in the world.
He praised Mrs. Roosevelt as a
"leader whose name is now lifted
in an even greater manner."
Evatt caled the moment of
adoption "historic" in the UN's
fight for world peace. He added
that he thought it effectively
answered critics who claim the
world organization does noth-
ing.
Western delegates rescribed the
document as a "potent ideologi-
cal weapon" against CommuniEti.
Russia and her allies in the Slav
bloc charged it would foster fas-
cism everywhere, and tried to de-
feat it with a filibuster they be-
gan last night.
* * *
VISHINSKY, making his sec-
ond speech in the human rights
debate, charged it was the leaders
of the West-not Hitler-who
share the chief blame for the sec-
ond World War. He said "Britain,
supported by the United States,
did everything in order open the
door to Hitler's attack against
Russia."
The preamble of the declara-
tion says: "The recognition of
the inherent dignity of the equal
and inalienable rights of the
human family is the foundation
of justice and peace in the
world."
Some of its provisions call for,
without regard to race, color or
sex:
* * *
FREEDOM OF thought, con-
science.and religion, of opinion,
expression and assembly. Prohibi-
tion of slavery. Freedom of move-
ment within a country and the
right to travel aboard. Right to
hold property. Privacy of the
home. Right to work and to have
a free choice of work. Protection
against unemployment. Right to
free leisure.
Also adopted was a resolution
asking all nations to publish news
of the declaration as widely as
possible, particularly in the
schools. It will be translated by
the UN into many languages.
World News
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
LONDON - Winston Churchill
urged the British Government to
abandon its "sulky boycott" of Is-
rael and give prompt recognition
to the new Jewish state.
He asked the Labor Government

M~undt Group
To Publicize
Seere Files
Chambers Quits
Time Magazine
WASHINGTON-(P)-A dozen
of the secret State Department
documents allegedly taken from
official files by a Red spy ring a
decade ago will be released to the
public tomorrow.
The House Committee on Un-
American Activities voted the re-
lease, timing it for Sunday morn
ing newspaper publication. It sad
the State Department approves.
THESE 12 HAVE been "cleared
by the State Department as to
present national security," the
committee said. More than 200
documents in all have come un-
der committeescrutiny in con-
nection with the "pumpkin pa-
pers" case. The "top secret" label
remains for some veen after the
passage of 10 years.
Meanwhile in New York,
Whittaker Chambers, central
figure in the probe of alleged
Communist spying, today quit
is job as a senior editor of Time
magazine.
His resignation was announced
suddenly by his attorneys as
Chambers waited at the Federal
Building to testify before a Fed-
eral grand jury whose investiga-
tion he 'reinvigorated this week.
CHAMBERS said in a prepared
statement his offer to quit and
the acceptance of the offer "be-
came imperative when I recently
began to make revelations about
Communist espionage."
Yule Gargoyle
To Hit Campus
Early Monday
"The Christmas Gargoyle has
we are afraid, arrived," it was an-
nounced late yesterday via the
dean's office. This has made the
New York Central envious.
After a private showing for the
Regents (ex-officio) Sunday eve-
ring, the magazine will be thrown
upon the campus for public sale
early Monday morning. Better
than 400 copies of this issue have
been printed.
The Christmas Gargoyle, it i
rumored, has far exceeded the ex
pectations even of the staff
(names of members of which may
be found on page 8). Even the cov-
er presents a picture of Celestiar.
Harmony, consisting of four red.
robed angels existing limply in a
stained-glass window, where they
are decorously employed with mu-
sical instruments, all in the grand
Louis Quinze manner.
The body of the magazine sports
several Christmasy articles, some
of which have holiday appeal.

Freedom of communication can
achieve more for world peace
than treaties, Erwin D. Canham,
edior of the Christian Science
Monitor, declared last night at
the Rackham Lecture Hall.
The democratic purpose of the
United States is not clear to the
peoples of Europe, Mr. Canham
said. He explained that the Unit-
ed States must convey the mean-
ing of individual rights in rela-
tion to world affairs.
* *"*
CANHAM pointed out that the
Soviet Union has discarded the
dangerous policy of nationalism
and has reverted to a world revo-
lution plan based on class strug-
gle. Democracy must confront
Communism on this ground, San-
ham said.
A democratic system that
furthers the freedom of man
contains the true revolutionary
spirit, Canham declared. He

described this revolution as the
awakening of Americans to the
spirit of their heritage.
The heritage of the United
States includes laws protecting the
individual, a feeling of brother-
hood, and central importance of
man in government, he said.
* * *
SPIRITUAL HERITAGE mast
be aroused in the people, Canham
said. It is a problem of awaken-
ing to what everyone can do for
peace.
He asserted that different peo-
ples can communicate to each oth-
er on common grounds of mutual
experience. He pointed out the
value of exchange of information
between reporters. The wedding
of the democratic concept with
ideals in European countries
should be achieved in thousands
of different channels, he conclud-
ed.

U' Instructor
Predicts Red
Win in China
The Chinese Nationalists are
probably doomed to defeat in the
current civil war, according to
Robert E. Ward, of the political
science department.
"Even all-out .American aid. for
the nationalists would hardly be
sufficient to bring them victory
now," Ward declared. "The Com-
munists already are in control of
most of the worthwhile parts of
China, and the Kuomintang gov-
ernment shows signs of internal
difficulties."
* * *
SEVERAL COURSES of action
are open to the nationalists, Ward
said. They may try to make a last
stand in the' vicinity of Canton,
leaving most of the Yangtse basin
to the Communists.
If this is done, it is possible
that the Communists would be
content with holding most odf
China's key cities, and leave
Canton to the Nationalists for

KEPT OUT OF OPEN DOGHOUSE:
East Quad's 'Hamburger' No Blue Blood, Is Blue

By LEON JAROFF
"Hamburger," the pride and joy
of the new East Quadrangle,

BUT NO INVITATION arrived
and, since then, Hamburger has
burdened Quad hearts with his

Navy game and gained nation-
wide recognition when a picture
showing him crossing the goal

Some of the Quadders believe
all that is necessary to put Ham-
burger back on his feet is a growl

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