T H E MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1948
THE LATEST FLURRY of action in the no reference
Palestine dispute, both in the UN and sitting in Pa
Jerusalem provide final testimony of the The Americ
innocuous position of the United Nations. recognizes th
Fruits of I
In Paris, Britain finally gave up her was in itselt
backing of the Bernadotte plan of par- already appa
tition which was unacceptable to the Arad app
Jews. After years of attempting to frus- their own. I
trate Jewish hopes for Palestine, England they will obs
for the time being has resigned the fate the UN impo
of the Holy Land to powers other than direct action
her qwn. bound to hav
In dropping the Bernadotte plan, Brit- posed by the
ain accepted the American view that all What happ
negotiations should be carried on by the thing that 1
Arabs and Israelis, without outside inter- again througl
ference. It is very sir
The plan, sensible as it is, is prima facie Two natio
evidence that the UN has been wasting time in battle wi
and lives trying to do something in Pales- while both s
tine. can out of
All that has happened in Palestine peace finally
would have happened if the UN had not The whole
existed and all that will happen will have is a vivid con
e to the wishes of the body
can plan for direct negotiations
is reality fully.
the American proposal, which
completely unnecessary, are
arent. Late Tuesday evening,
aeli leaders signed a truce of
t remains to be seen whether
erve this one any better than
sed truce, but the outcome of
by the two governments is
e more effect than a truce im-.
ethereal power of the UN.
'ened in Palestine is the same
has happened time and time
h the course of modern history.
ons fight. One gains equality
th the other, a truce ensues
ides try to get the most they
the issue, and some sort of
story of the UN in Palestine
mmentary on the UN, and the
Lhe world had for an interna-
zation back in the triumphant
days of the victory over the
tions of the world have gone
ey had before and seem to be
a repeat performance of his-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
hopes that tl
days of 1945.
axis, the nat
on just as th
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY STEIN
IDEALISTIC LIBERALS in the American
Veterans Committee seem to have lost
sight of their objectives in favor of defend-
ing the ousted Communists.
We have always considered promotion
of the general welfare while maintaining
individual dignity as the essence of the
liberal tradition-a combination of the
best of moderate government regulation
Liberalism is not the same as Commmu-
nism. What liberals regard as ends the Com-
munist use as means. They are continu-
ously flying the martyr's flag in an effort
to draw sympathy from those whose good
intentions lead them astray. And while we
can sympathize with them when they are
really persecuted it should not be necessary
to join them to prove our belief in their
The AVC has devolved into a factional
organization, with the several factions in-
sisting that they have the only patent on
liberalism. Under our definition of "lib-
eralism" both factions are included-but not
The one faction charges that it is dis-
crimination to keep the Communist mi-
nority out. It is hard to see why it is dis-
criminatory to keep a group from joining
an. organization whose aims and means
are different from those of the group.
Neither the Constitution of the United
States nor the preamble of the AVC Con-
stitution can be supported by an honest
Communist. These are the foundations on
which AVC was formed-support of the
Constitution, the system of private enter-
prise and endorsement of the Bill of Rights.
These founding principles have not been
compromised but rather reinforced by the
decision to request those who do not agree
with them to disassociate. Continued fac-
tionalism inside AVC will result in no work
being done along constructive lines.
While we affirm our belief in the right
of any one .to be a Communist, it does
not necessarily follow that it is discrim-
ination to keep Communists out of AVC.-.
PD RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
IT WOULD TONE UP Madame Chiang
Kai-Shek's trip to the United States a
great deal if she would, announce as she
landed from her plane that a quite new,
broader and more inclusive Chinese gov-
ernment had been formed.
Unless Madame Chiang carries news of
this or equal importance in her reticule, it is
hard to see what her trip will accomplish.
If there is no new development of this
order riding with Madame Chiang over
the Pacific waters, then her trip is just
another trip. She will come, in that case,
only to sell us, at a high price, the ex-
clusive privilege of participating in the
losing end of a civil war. She will come to
obtain from us a favorable verdict on the
Chiang government after many of the
Chinese people themselves have rendered
an unfavorable verdict, whether by fight-
ing against that government, or by not
fighting for it, or by deserting from it
and turning in the direction of Com-
Chiang's government, shot through with
reaction and corruption, has proven itself
unable to hold China together under much
more favorable circumstances than now
exist. Any offer to have us buy further into
it under present strains is not a good offer.
To do so might give emotional relief to
those who want to make a gesture against
Communism, but the price involved is too
high a price to pay for mere emotional
It will be sad if China turns Communist
without having had a chance to try the
But it will have been Chiang, as well as
the advancing Communists, who will have
denied her that chance.
And while it will be grim indeed to see
China fall, that event may have some
beneficial effects. It will come like a
slap of cold water against the overheated
faces of those who have tried to persuade
us that it is our duty to support every
reactionary and authoritarian in the
world, so long as he is against Commu-
nism, or so long as the Communists are
against him. It is a peculiar business they
have tried to lure us into, and one with-
out much of a future. They have leaped
into this game with a kind of juvenile
intensity; they have tried to reduce the
most complicated political problem which
has ever faced mankind to a simple rou-
tine of sending donations to dictators.
The trouble in China may force us all to
grow up; it may compel us to realize that
the defense of democracy is a more com-
plicated and difficult process than it has
sometimes seemed to be; it may, ideologi-
cally separate the men from the boys, so
Democracy will do better in the end on
its own, standing by its own merits, suffer-
ing, if need be, for its own defects, but
without borrowing from failing causes that
are not its own. In an age in which reaction
is quite clearly doomed, this is not a moral
judgment, but a practical one, and Madame
Chiang will have to make some quite in-
genious speeches to gainsay it.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Post Corporation)
Why Not Here?
T HE GENERAL MOTORS Corporation
apparently has a skeleton in the closet.
We refer of course to the GM "Holden"
a six cylinder, 5 passenger sedan which
the company is now rapidly producing in
two plants 'down under' in Australia.
The Holden is 61 inches high, has a 103
inch wheelbase and gets 30 miles to an
American gallon of gas-all of which is a
far cry from the bloated dreairiboats Amer-
ican automotive firms are passing off on
the American public for fancy prices.
The situation becomes, more ridiculous
when we consider that British manufac-
turers are exporting to the United States
a car almost identical to the Holden GM
is apparently ashamed to sell locally. The
British model is within an inch of the
same height and gets even more mileage
to a gallon of gas.
In the process, American small car buy-
ers are forced to pay an excise tax of $83
r and shipping costs which are included in
the British model's average price of $1,650.
They also must silffer while parts and re-
placement equipment are shipped across
Assuming that the American's technical
abilities are as good as those of the Brit-
ish, why can't a Holden-a soundly con-
structed, small five place car-be pro-
duced in the United States to sell for
With such a model in mass production,
(the Model T would serve as Godfather) the
American motorist would not have to look
to Congressional committees to air out the
stinking mess surrounding current automo-
bile sales on the black, grey and five-o'clock
-Craig 11. Wilson.
^q ^'r-r ^- a
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Nla d>N Copyright,, 1948. New Yok Star Inc.
"My dear, haven't you HEARD?
again to be liberal."
It's getting fashionable
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Letters to the Editor ...
MATTER OF FACT:
Budgets and Bombs
By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-Since the real issue is
just about life or death, the current
row about next year's defense expenditures
deserves serious attention. Very briefly, the
President began the row by setting a $15
billion limit on Army, Navy and Air Force
outlays in 1949. The limit cut straight across
the plans for American re-armament so
urgently adopted last spring. And now the
services are simultaneously squabbling about
whether Air, Naval or Ground Force plans
are to be sacrificed, and pleading with the
White House for more money.
If our re-armament plans are to be
radically revised, moreover, there can be
only one result. We shall fail to build the
strength which is needed for minimum
national security. Meanwhile Secretary of
Defense James Forrestal, attempting to
implement White House policy, has just
issued a stringent secret order to the
service chiefs, forbidding any discussion of
The explosive implications of this situa-
tion can be very easily demonstrated. Last
spring, the Congress wisely reversed the.
Administration, and authorized the com-
pletion of the famous 70-group air pro-
gram by 1952.
There was nothing mystical about either
the size of the 70-group program or the
choice of 1952 as the date for its comple-
tion. On the contrary, the prospective 70-
group air force will give the bare minimum
of . strength for an air offensive against'
the Soviet Union. And it was considered
that this offensive air strength should be
created by 1952, because this is the first
year in which the American experts believe
the Soviets may perfect a peoples' demo-
cratic atomic bomb.
The President may of course lift the bud-
get ceiling imposed on the services. Or the
ceiling may be retained, while other de-
fense cuts are made and the 70-group
program is left intact. The wind, however,
has been setting in the other direction.
The first intention, in fact, was not
merely to abandon the 70-group program,
but to cut back what the Air Force has
done already. Up to the present, enough
air groups have been commissioned to bring
our total to 58 or 59. The new groups have
of course not been completely manned and
equipped as yet.
Perhaps additional facts will correct
the impression of suicidal folly conveyed
by the facts above. Better still, slowing the
tempo of re-armament may be thought
too dangerous, on reconsideration. But if
we are to throw our strength away, we
should at least know what we are doing.
Still another set of facts makes the mat-
ter especially crucial. As was reported in
this space two days ago, the tremendous
effort the Kremlin is making has led the'
American experts to expect the Russians to
make fairly rapid progress with their atomic
energy project. Hence the importance of
Nonetheless, if we are not ourselves poorly
defended, a Soviet Bikini need not become
the signal for world-wide panic. Hiroshima
and Nagasaki showed that six feet of earth
or the concrete equivalent would at least
shelter human life from bomb blast. Pro-
tective measures are not wholly impossible,
as so many suppose. But what is infinitely'
more significant, a single atomic bomb has
only psychological importance. And the
frenzied Soviet exploitation of the limited
European uranium deposits suggests that
the Russians are still poorly off for sources
of fissionable raw stuff.
Even in this country, production was
so slow and laborious that fissionable raw
stuff turned out at Hanford one week was
built into the bomb at Los Alamos the
next week, just before it was sent on its
way to Hiroshima. With this limitation.
intensified by restricted uranium sources,
the Russians may well produce a bomb
by 1 Q92_ Rut thev n uihardly r nouee a
(Continued from Page 2)
will speak on the subject, "A
Graphical Method for Solving
Problems in Plane Plasticity."
Electrical Engineering Depart-
ment Colloquium: 4 p.m., Fri., Dec.
3, Rm. 2084 E. Engineering Bldg.
Prof. J. A. Strelzoff will speak on
the subject: "Tensors in Engineer-
Concert: The University Musi-
cal Society will present Rudolf
Serkin, pianist, in the Extra Con-
cert Series, Fri., Dec. 3, 8:30 p.m.
Mr. Serkin will play the Bach
Italian Concerto; Beethoven's
Sonata in F-sharp major, Op. 78;
Schubert's Phantasie in C major,
in the first half of the program.
Following intermission he will
play Schumann's B-flat minor
and F-sharp major Romanzen;
Scherzo in E minor and two Songs
without Words by Mendelssohn;
closing with two numbers by
Chopin-Ballade in A-flat major,
and Tarentelle, Op. 43.
Tickets are available at the of-
fices of the University Musical So-
ciety during the day; and after 7
p.m. on the night of the concert at
the Hill Auditorium box office.
Program of Concertos and Arias
by students in the School of Music
and the University Symphony Or-
chestra, Wayne Dunlap, Conduc-
tor, 8:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 2, Hill
Auditorium. Compositions by Mo-
zart, Gluck, Strauss, Saint-Saens,
Beethoven, Korngold, Hayden and
Franck, with the following solo-
ists: Maryjane Albright, Betty
Estes, Gloria Gonan; Mary Kelly,
Patricia Pierce, Emil Raab, Jac-
queline Rosenblatt and Merrill
The general public is invited.
Phi Sigma Photographic Ex-
hibit of Biological Subjects. West
Gallery, Rackham Building. De-
cember 1 through 8. Special
showing of kotochrome slides Dec.
6, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Museum of Art: Americana -
the Index of American Design,
Alumni Memorial Hall, through
Dec. 27; weekdays 9-5, Sundays
2-5 p.m. The public is invited.
Graduate Student Council: 7:30
p.m.,, West Lecture Hall, Rack-
N.S.A. Meeting: 4 p.m., Student
Legislature Room, Michigan Un-
Committee for Displaced Stu-
dents: General meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Rehearsal Room,Michigan League.
Michigan Crib: Meeting, 7:50
p.m., Auditorium, Architecture
Bldg. Prof. Charles Joiner of the
Law School will speak on the sub-
ject, "What it takes to be trial
attorney." All interested are in-
p.m., Thursday and Friday, Dec.
2 and 3, Rm. 408 Romance Lan-
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Full rehearsal for all chorus mem-
bers and principals, 7:14 p.m.,
Michigan League. Room will be
Student Faculty Hour: 4-5 p.m.,
Grand Rapids Room, Michigan
League. School of Architecture
and Design will be guests. Co-
sponsored by Assembly and Pan-
Zeta Phi Eta, Speech Arts:
Business meeting 4:15 p.m., Rm.
4208 Angell Hall.
International Center weekly tea
for all foreign students and Amer-
ican friends, 4:30-6 p.m. Interna-
tional Center. Hostesses: Mrs. H.
F. Taggart and Miss Inez V. Bo-
La p'tite causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, Michigan League.
Alpha Phi Omega, Service Fra-
ternity: General meeting, 7 p.m.,
Michigan Union. Ensian picture;
details of Initiation Dinner.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Firing, 7:30
p.m., ROTC range.
Deutscher Verein: 7:45 p.m.,
Michigan League. Games and ra-
dio skit. Faculty and students in-
vited. Room will be posted.
Delta Sigma Pi, I'ofessional
Business Fraternity: Informal in-
itiation, 8 p.m., Michigan Union.
Ordnance ROTC Film Hour:
7:30 p.m., Rm. 301 W. Engineering
Annex. Program: "Combat Fir-
ing with Hand Guns," "Diagnosis
of Machine Gun Stoppages,"
'Concentric Recoil Mechanism,"
and "Task Force Frigid."
ThegDaily accords its readers thex
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in whichv
they are received all letters bearingI
the writer's signature and address.-
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-l
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-k
* * *
On AVC Convention I
To the Editor:1
HE REPORT of four of thee
-delegates to the AVC conven-
tion-Millstein, Dancy, Dean and
Aronson, to The Daily is typical.
They are attempting to cover up
the fact that the faction they sup-
ported vigorously, the so-called
"Progressive" caucus,was soundly
defeated on every item on the
convention agenda by an extreme-
ly comfortable margin rangingt
from over three thousand to five
These "Progressives" were beat-~
en badly. They now contend thatj
the convention was packed. It
seems that their lie must be an-1
swered despite the fact that to
do so is to honor their allega-
tion, when it should be ignored.
The facts are: the Baltinore
delegation vote was discredited.-
This amounted to approximately
200 votes out of 25,000 represented
at the convention. No one at-
tempted to defend this delega-
tion's rights when the chargesj
were substantiated. But, the De-
troit UAW chapter No. 10, com-
prising 610 votes, was never of-,
ficially challenged to the Creden-
To my knowledge, these were
the only two chapter delegations
at all in doubt. Even if they had;
both been discredited and even if
the suspended New York delega-
tions had been reinstated, the In-
dependent Progressive" faction,
which I supported, would have
won on all issues by a comfortable
So much for the convention, it-
self. The executive Committee of
the campus chapter here demo-
cratically decided that there
would be no majority-minority
report of the convention, but ra-
ther that each delegate would be
given five minutes to present his
point of view. The entire discus-
sion was scheduled to take only
one hour and then it was unan-
imously decided that the meeting
would adjourn so that all AVC
members and friends would have
a chance to hear the truth about
the convention in an informal dis-
cussion with that paragon of ob-
jectivity and purveyor of garbage,
John Gates, the editor of the.
Daily 'Worker, the only paper that
prints the TRUTH.
I urge all members of AVC to
come out tonight to witness this
meeting and to help provide me
with a chance to present our side
of the story. They will try to table
a motion of mine to expel our
three self - avowed Communist
party members. Carter, Shaffer,
and Yellin. Why are they afraid
to have it discussed?
To the Editor:
IN REPLY to a recent editorial
favoring compulsory health
insurance, I wish to give a young
physician's point of view and to
cite my recent personal experience
with socialized medicine.
I have just returned from a
year in Atlanta, Georgia, where
I served as assistant resident in
medicine at a large city charity
hospital, working an average of
80 hours a week for a salary of
Both white and colored persons
received unlimited medical care
and drugs without cost. By ob-
taining a card of eligibility, a per-!
son could visit the hospital clinics
whenever he desired. As a result
the clinics mushroomed in size,
and only the- most cursory care
could be given because each doc-
tor had to see 10 to 15 patients
But the interesting thing is that
in the white medical clinic some
90% of patients brought com-
plaints for which no physical basis
could be found, whereas most of
the colored patients had definite
physical abnormalities. These
white patients apparently came
to feel they were entitled to some
medicine every two weeks, and
the doctor had no way to dis-
courage this because of their un-
limited privileges. When told they
needed no further medical care,
several patients have protested to
me, "I paid my taxes and I'm a
voter. I'll see the hospital super-
intendent." The hospital and
medical care had become a polit-
This was socialized medicine
with a vengeance, and I feel it
was responsible for this wholesale
deterioration of patient's medical
Many people contend the diffi-
culties in obtaining a doctor's
services at night would be relieved
by socialized medicine, but did
they ever try to call a government
doctor after 4 p.m.? However, per-
haps I should look forward to so-
oialized medicine when I too may
have the 40 hour week other gov-
ernment employes enjoy.
-H. T. Johnson, M.D.
To the Editor:
[ HAVE BEEN VERY disappoint-
ed lately with the appearance
of the East-West selection and
the numerous All-Conference se-
lections. One prominent senior of
the 1948 Championship Michigan
squad is noticeably absent, namely
Dan Dworsky. Dworsky, one-half
of the best line-backing combina-
tion in collegiate football history,
has played an immeasurable part
in making Michigan the top team
in the country for the past two
years. His defensive work has
been brutally superb. The job he
has done as captain of the de
fensive team, calling all the de-
fensive formations, has been com-
mendable, limiting our opposition
to an average of five plus point
What is the cause of this over-
sight? . . . Where is the justic
in the matter? . . . Some of yo
will say that Dworsky was use
mainly on defense, and, therefore
is not eligible for these post-sea
son honors; but you'll find h
played as much as Al Wistert, pow
tential All-American and All1F
Conferenc tackle,and Gene Der
ricotte, East-West game selection'
He also played as much offen-
sively as honored Dom Tomasi
Ralph Kohl, and Dick Rifenbur'
played defensively. This fac
should not bar him.
Last week in his sports col
umn in the Chicago Sun-Time
Gene Kessler made a fitting trib-
ute to Dworsky. He claimed Da
Dworsky to be the most valuabl
player in collegiate ball this sea-
son. Coming from a Chicagc
sports writer-that's something
Gene Kessler is not alone in hi,
praise. Our own Fritz Crisler wilt
always have lavish praise foi
Dworsky's ability and perform
The hordes of sports writeri
still have a chance to redee
themselves, though; the All-
American teams have not com
out yet. I hope they don't mist
the boat again and overlook on
of the nation's finest-Dan Dwor-
Arts Chorale: Meeting,
Rm. 506 Burton Tower.
Geological -Mineralogical Jour-
nal Club: 12 noon, Fri., Dec. 3, Rm.
3056 Natural Science Bldg. Mr.
Bruce F. Curtis, of the Department
of Geology of Harvard University,
will speak on the subject, "Influ-
ence of Synthetic Fuels on the
Future of Geology." All interested
Hawaii Club: Meeting, 7 p.m.,
Fri., Dec. 3, Rm. 3A, Michigan
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:30
p.m., Fri., Dec. 3, Michigan League
Coke Bar. All students and faculty
members are invited.
Ann Arbor Friends: Potluck
supper, 6 p.m., Fri., Dec. 3, Base-
ment, Lane Hall. Moving picture
on Friends' work in Puerto Rico
hospitals. Speaker: Mr. Dan
Boehn, former participant in the
Puerto Rico work project. Every-
Wallace Progressives: Executive
Meeting, Fri., Dec. 3, 4:30 p.m.,
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the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Conutrol o
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Edito
Dick Maloy ................City Edito
Naomi Stern .........Editorial Directo
Allegra Pasqualetti ....Associate Edito
Arthur Higbee ........Associate Edito
Bud Weidenthial . .Associate Sports Ec
Bev Bussey ......Sports Feature Write
Audrey Buttery........Women's Edi
Richard Halt .......Business Manage
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manage
William Culman .....Finance Manage
Cole Christian ....Circulation Manage
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusivel~
entitled to the use for republicatio
of all news dispatches credited to it 0
otherwise credited to this newspape
All rights of republication of all othe
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at
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Subscription during the regula
school year by carrier, 15.00. by mail
30 YEARS AGO TODAY:
With World War I over, the University
got permission from Washington to re-
organize the S.A.T.C. by dropping many
of the military courses.
Signal Corps men were still digging
trenches on Observatory Hill to form a
first line of defense against any raid from
Vvsil,i viiit wasnr'csuimc'r
Spanish play tryouts:
4 to 6'
_ _ __
Now that you fixed up
his drawing will that
Of course not. But he left out the sun and
moon-standard equipment in all the charts
O'Malley, fair play is
all very well. ButI-