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November 27, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-11-27

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JLABO
DIPLOMACY~
se Pa" 4

Latest Deadline in the State

it

CLOUDY

COLD

VOL IX, No. 57

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOV. 27, 1948

f

CIO Leader
Is Reelected,
Attacks Reds
Stop Infiltration,
%Murray Declares
PORTLAND, Ore.- (P)-Parad-
ing, cheering CIO delegates today
reelected as president a stern
Philip Murray who asserted he
would never "permit Communistic
infiltration into the National
CIO."
Gone was Murray's former
peace-making role as the 600-odd
delegates wound up their annual
convention by reelecting all 'offi-
cers by acclamation. For Murray,
it is the start of his ninth year.
MURRAY WARNED the Com-
munists that remain in the CIO
to "cease and desist" their Com-
munistic propaganda. He then ap-
pealed to all CIO unions to take
care of any violators.
The final day of the week-
long convention also saw Mur.-
ray make a friendly gesture to-.
ward the AFL. He reiterated his
invitation to the AFL to confer
on economic and political prob-
lems, but this time in consilia-
tory terms without any of the
sarcasm that sometimes accom-
panied previous invitations. It
was clear, though, that he was
not accepting an AFL invita-
tion to merge.
It was the end of a precedent-
breaking convention. For the first
time in many years a bitter floor
fight broke out over CIO policies
an Communists. The fight raged
daily-until today's session, which
was all cheers and applause.
IT WAS NOT quite unity, for a
small minority-less than 10 per
cent of the delegates-refused to
take part In the longest ovation
ever given Murray. It was a 39-
minute demonstration with chant-
ing, singing delegates parading
about the convention hall, throw-
ing confetti, waving flags and
clapping hands.
Murray also announced he in-
tended to push at once an in-
tensive organizing campaign,
similar to that of the mid-1930's
when the CIO was born.
Murray will go into the cam-
paign armed with authority from
the delegates to take "proper ac-
tion' when necessary" against un-
ions which have failed to grow.
These include several left-wing
unions, the particular target of
Murray and the convention.
Actually, the power was voted
to the executive board, but Mur-
ray was expected to play the lead-
ing role in any crack-downs.
Curzon Plays
At Hill Tonight
Tickets Still Available
For Pianist's Concert
Tickets are available in limited
numbers for Clifford Curzon's per-
formance at 8:30 p.m. today in
Hill Auditorium.
The English pianist who began
his first concert tour of America
last month, has been called "one
of the greatest keyboard artists of
the time" by New York critics.
* x
CURZON HAS AN enormous
repertoire, including 53 piano con-

certi. He performs works ranging
from the early classics to such
English contemporaries as Benja-
min Britten and Lennox Berkely.
For his performance today,
Curzon will play Haydn's An-
dante and Variations in F min-
or, Rondo a Capriccio, Op. 129
by Beethoven and Schumann's
Sonata in G minor, Op. 22.
Also included in the first part of
the program are Four Impromp-
tus, Op. 90 by Schubert-C minor;
E-fiat; G-fiat and A-flat.
The latter part of the program
will be devoted to Liszt's Sonata
in B minor.
Crawford Rites
To Be Held Today
Memorial services for Audrey
Crawford, senior in dental hy-
giene, who died Wednesday night
in University Hospital, will be
held at 1:30 p.m. today at Christ
Church in Detroit.

T RIP TO U.S VETOED:
Chiang Appoints
Sun Fo New Head
. , Ry The Associated Press
Chiang Kai-shek appointed a new Chinese premier yesterday in a
move toward a possible "war cabinet," while President Truman vetoed
suggestions to bring the Chinese leader to Washington to tell of
China's plight.
Sun Fo, son of the founder of the Chinese Republic, Sun Yat-sen,
was named the new prime minister, and Mr. Truman said he "didn't
see how Chiang could leave China at this time" because of the perilous
military situation.
.* * * *
HE REFERRED to the Communist armies edging closer to Nan-
king's Yangtze River barrier.

Speed Up of
ERP Asked
By Truman
Authorize Full Use
Of Grants by April j
WASHINGTON - (AP) - Presi-
dent Truman ordered full speed
ahead on European recovery.
He authorized use of the fullt
$4,000,000,000 in Marshall Plant
grants by next April 2.-
THE ACTION shortens by threec
months the period for which the
money was appropriated.
It means that the new Coni-
gress will be asked for a supple-
mental appropriation - About
$1,250,000,000, by estimate of
Economic Cooperation Adminis-t
trator Paul G. Hoffman-to car-
ry ECA through June 30, the
end of the fiscal year. }
Hoffman has stated ECA will
spend at a slower rate in the next
fiscal year, but so far has given nor
estimate.t
* * * -
THE ECA administrator dis-
closed last month he would seek
the speed-up and, in fact, has
geared his spending to that ex-
pectation.
Hoffman told reporters that]
"substantial" progress now is
being made in boosting Euro-
pean production and exports,
and that "now is the time to hit
and hit hard for recovery."
Congress last April 3 voted the
$4,000,000,000 for recovery -grants
plus another $1,000,000,000 for re-1
payable loans. It specified that thec
money should cover costs up tot
next July 1-or 15 months-exceptt
that the President might author-i
ize its use in 12 months if he
deemed it necessary.i
*~ * *
THE WHITE HOUSE disclosedc
that Hoffman asked for the speed-e
up on October 29.9
Mr. Truman's reply wast
dated today. It said:t
"After considering your rec-
ommendation, I deem it neces-
sary, in order to carry out the
purposes of the Economic Co-
operation Act of 1948, that ther
entire $4,000,000,000 be made
available as recommended by
you."
Charles G. Ross, Mr. Truman's
press secretary, said the speed-upt
did not apply to the $275,000,000c
China aid program, separately ad-v
ministered by ECA.G

However, the State Depart-
ment and the Chinese embassy
in Washington confirmed re-
ports that Madame Chiang will
visit the United States in the
near future. -Both said they
knew no details on the trip.
There appeared to be little
doubt in any quarter, however,
that the prime purpose of her mis-
sion would be to-solicit further and
stepped-up help from the United
States for the Central Chinese
Government in the war against
the Communists.
MR. TRUMAN'S REFUSAL to
invite Chiang Kai-Shek to Wash-
ington was in reply to a sugges-
tion of Rep. Sol Bloom (D-NY)
that the Generalissimo be asked to
come to the United States to pre-
sent a first hand account of con-
ditions in China.
The new Chinese premier,
Sun Fo, was thought by observ-
ers to have taken the job be-
cause President Chiang Kai-
Shek could not get anybody else.
Sun Fo has been president of
the Legislative Yuan since 1932.
He has the close support of the
Rightist clique, but is not genei-
ally regarded- as a "strong man."
* * *
THE HOTTEST WAR FRONT
meanwhile shifted slightly south
to the Suhsien-Lingpi line, some
150 miles north of Nanking.
Suhsien is 45 miles-by rail southI
of Suchow. Lingpi is 35 miles by
road east of Suhsien.
Federal Jidcre
Grants Negro
PartyRights
CHARLESTON, S.C. - (A') - A
Federal District Judge ruled to-
day that Negroes have established'
their right to full membership in'
the South Carolina Democratic
Party.
Judge J. Waties Waring held'
in an opinion that state party
primaries are "the true, realistic
election . . . at which Presidential
electors, U.S. Senators and Con-
gressmen are chosen" and declared
that party officials have "no right
to make . . . any discrimination
amongst the citizens because of
race or color."
THE VETERAN Charleston
judge in this way reaffirmed and
made permnent his preliminary
decision of last July 16, granting
Negroes the right to vote in 1948
party primaries.
Defense lawyers had argued that
the party was in effect a private
club and had a right to exclude
whomsoever it chose, but Judge
Waring rejected that theory.

UN Discusses
Latest Greek,
Berlin Crises
Assembly Sides
With U.S. on ERP
PARIS--()-Russian bloc dele-
gates charged that the United
States "is waging war against the
Greek people" and conducting an
economic cold war on Eastern
Europe while sixneutrals of the
Security Council were meeting to
work out a way to end the Berlin
Blockade.
THE ASSEMBLY sided with the
United States on the Economic
Aid issue. It voted 33 to 6 against
a Polish resolution which Western
Dlegates said looked innocent but
actually was a condemnation of
American support of the European
Recovery Program (ERP).
Ales Bebler of Yugoslavia be-
gan the attack on American
policies speaking loidly in
French.
"In short, the United States of
America is waging wa- against the
Greek people. They (the U.S.) are
doing it openly before the eyes of
the whole world."
* *
LT. GEN. JAMES Van Fleet,
head of the American Military
Mission, is present at all meetings
of the Greek Defense Council, the
Yugoslav continued.
Only the Slav Bloc supported
a Polish resolution to forbid eco-
nomic pressure by one nation
against another as a means of
influencing domestic or foreign
policy.
During the debate Dr. Oscar
Lange of Poland said the United
States is carrying on an "econorn-
ic cold war against Eastern Euro-
pean countries."
MEANWHILE, the six neutrals
met on the basis of Soviet and
Western Power replies to five
questions from Juan Bramuglia,
leader of the neutrals, concerning
details of the Berlin currency
tangle.
In its replytheSoviet Union
stood pat on the Moscow agree-
ment of Aug. 30 for the intro-
duction of the Soviet Zone mark
as Berlin's only currency as a
condition to the ending of the
blockade.
The accord never was put into
effect because the four military
governors of Germany split'on in-
terpretations of how the mark
would be controlled.
* * *
THE JOINT WESTERN reply
showed Britan, France and the
United States called for a Four-
Power financial commission to su-
pervise the activities of the bank
in the Soviet sector that would is-
sue the -narks.
They also maintained that
the German city administra-
tion should be the agency for li-
censing Berlin's civilian import
and export trade under super-
vision of the four-power com-
mission.
The Russians said the com-
mission itself, in which they would
have a voice, should do the li-
censing.
Spaak Forms
Neaw .abinet
BRUSSELS, Nov. 26-(AP-So-
cialist Paul-Henri Spaak an-

nounced tonight he had succeeded
in forming a new government in
which he will continue as premier
and foreign minister.
The cabinet consists of eight
Catholics, seven Socialists and
two non-party men, a coalition
similar to that which resigned last
week. The cabinet fell when min-
ister of justice Paul Struye quit
under fire from Socialists in par-
liament for his pardoning of two
Belgians who collaborated with
the Germans.
Struye, a Catholic, was support-
ed by other Catholics of the old
cabinet. His job in the new cabi-
net was given to another Catholic,
Henri Moreau Ode Melen.
Gaston Eyskens, Catholic, who
failed to form a new government,
continues as minister of finance
and vice premier.
The ministry of foreign trade,
which includes administration of
European recovery aid, goes to a
non-party man, George Moens De
Fernig. Dispute over the post be-
tween Catholics and Socialists pre-

Maritime Strikes Still in Doubt

C.;

Atlantic Port
Near Accord
In Pay Strife
AFL Demands
Halt Pacific Pad
By The Associated Press
Hopes for union acceptance of
tentative wage agreement to er
the east coast waterfront stril
were rising in major Atlantic por
last night, while on the West Coa
demands of the AFL Sailors' Ur
ion threatened to snag negoti
tions over. settlement of the Pa
cific stevedore strike.
In Philadelphia, Paul Baker, it
ternational vice-president of t]
stevedores' union, said a gener
meeting of Philadelphia's doc
workers voted to accept the ne
contract proposals and that t1
1,500 Philadelphia longshoremf
vould return to work Monday.
** *
MEANWHILE, West Coast lon
shoremen prepared to vote tod<
3n an agreement reached la
Thursday by employers and re
-esentatives of the CIO longshor
men.

PRICE FIVE CENTS
West Coast

Settlement of East,

MARINES DEPART FOR CHINA-Marines line the rail of the Navy transport Bayfield as tugs move
her away from a pier at Apra Harbor, Guam. The marines are bound for Tsingtao, China to
reinforce the garrison there, which is protecting the evacuation of American and other foreigners
from north China. A marine band stands at ease in foreground.

Health.Experts
St'ill Puzzled
By Epidemic
Investi gate Plumbing
SaitaryFacilities
An unidentified digestive malady
swept through Mosher 'Hall this
week, leaving in its wake 60 upset
stomachs and a corps of mystified
Health Service experts who had
tried in vain to find what was
causing the trouble.
* *' *
THE ONE BASIC fact discov-
ered about the Mosher malaise,
which involved varying stages of
nausea, vomiting and diarrhea,
was that its victims lived in the
same general section of.the dormi-
tory, according to Health Service
Dr. Margaret Bell.
Working from this clue, Health
Service epidemicians, sanitarians
and sirologists, under the leader-
ship of Dr. Meldon A. Everett,
sought to ferret out its cause
immediately after the illness
broke out, Friday, Nov. 19.
Following every possible lead,
the specialists took ulture from
the kitchen and the plumbing,
trying to isolate a source of in-
fection from food or water sup-
plies-all to no avail.
.* * *
MEANWHILE, the ailing resi-
dents, none of whom was sick
more than 24 hours, were put on
a soft diet and toldto eat slowly
so that their digestion would get
back in working order more
quickly.
The infection reached its cli-
max with 60 cases reported.
Women in the adjoining Jordan
Hall said they also were affected.
Reports of alleged illneses in New-
berry, Barbour and Stockwell have
followed the Mosher recoveries.
Rock Shocks Sorority I
A large rock which was thrown
through the dining room window
of the Alpha Chi Omega sorority
house Thursday night has left
sorority members completely mys-
tified.
The' rock damaged some wood-
work, rolled across the room, and
came to rest in the hall. No one
was in the room at the time.

Eban Insists on Peace Talks
before Arab 'Troops Freed

PARIS-OP)-Israel insisted that
Egypt must agree to armistice
talks before the Jews free 1,200
Egyptian troops trapped at Falu-
ja in the Negev.
Aubrey S. Eban of Israel told the
Security Council's seven-nation
Palestine Committee that his gov-
ernment was willing to review the
VillageF
To Be Decided
By Enrollment
Continued operation of Willow
Run village will depend on Uni-
versity enrollment next semester,
Robert P. Briggs, vice-president of
the University, said yesterday.
Briggs was conimenting on ru-
mors that the village will definitely
shut down.
* * *
HIS STATMENT came on the
heels of petitions submitted to his
office Wednesday, signed by 250
Willow Run residents who want
the village to stay in operation.
"I can't say now whether Wil-
low Run will be closed next se-
mester or not," Briggs said. 'It
depends entirely on the need
for such supplementary housing
then, and that depends on the
decrease in enrollment' next
year."
Enrollment during second se-
mesters usually drops about 10
per cent from that of the first se-
mester, Briggs explained. This
might mean that next year there'll
be enough housing in Ann Arbor
for the students now quartered
there.
AT PRESENT, less than 700 sin-
gle students live at the village. At
the peak of the housing crisis,
there were more than 1,800. Since
then, gradual consolidation has
closed down many of the dorms.
Married students' demands
for apartments have diminished
too, Briggs said.
A report submitted to Briggs'
office Nov. 9 showed that only 323
families were on the waiting list.

entire Negev situation. But first,
he said, Egypt must accept the
Council's Nov. 16 resolution asking
Arabs and Jews to negotiate on an
armistice throughout the Holy
Land. *
ISRAEL formally accepted the
call for armistice talks. There have
been no replies from the Arab
states.
In turn, Mahmoud Fawzi of
Egypt declared Israel was defy-
ing the council's order of Nov.
4 for withdrawal to the lines oc-
cupied before Oct. 14 in the
Negev.
Dr. Ralph Bunche, acting U.N.
mediator, reported that Israel was
refusing to give up Beersheba,
Biblical town in the southern Ne-
gev that was taken in the offen-
sive beginning Oct. 14.
She is insisting on keeping some
mobile forces in the Negev area
which she claims were there be-
fore Oct. 14, Bunche added.
Perry To Talk
On Philosophy
Cook Lecture To Be
On William James
"Characteristically American,"
will be the subject of Ralph Bar-
ton Perry, philosopher and Pulit-
zer Prize winner for a biography
of William James, when he deliv-
ers the fifth series of William W.'
Cook lectures here next week.
The first lecture at 8 p.m. Mon-
day will be in Rackham Lecture
Hall. Four succeeding lectures, at
8 p.m. Tuesday and Thursday and
4:15 p.m. Wednesday and Friday
will be in Rackham Amphitheatre.
PERRY, NOW Professor Emeri-
tus at Harvard, has written 23
books on his three major inter-
ests-William James, analysis of
American culture, and the theory
of values.
He was a major in the armyI
from 1918 to 1919 and served as
chairman of the American De-
fense-Harvard Group from 1940 to
1945.

Acceptance of the agreement
would not necessarily ease the
west coast shipping tie up, how-
ever, in view of the statements
made by Harry Lundeberg, head
of the AFL Sailors' Union of
the Pacific.
Lundeberg's union has not been
on strike-only idled by strike ac-
tion of other unions.
BUT HE NOW has three de-
mands:
1. He wants a guarantee Harry
Bridges' CIO longshoremen will
not use a new contract to infringe
sailors' cargo working rights on
coast wise and Alaska ships.
2. Wages. Under his contract,
he is entitled to a wage review
with the employers if the CIO ma-
rine cooks and the independent
marine firemen get the raise they
are asking.
3. Jurisdiction over the stew-
ards' department in the Alaska
trade. Lundeberg declared 600
members of the cooks' union have
applied for membership in his un-
ion. He has asked the National
Labor Relations Board to hold an
election to determine -who shall
be bargaining agent for these men,
Lundeberg said that! his men
"don't intend to go back to work
until the employers honor our.
agreements."
An earlier report from the east
coast stated that 2,000 AFL long-
shoremen had decided at a meet-
ing in Brooklyn to reject the pro-
posed agreement when they vote
today. t
BUT JOSEPH P. RYAN, whc
heads the east coast stevedores
termed this opposition to the
agreement "an attempt. by ;the
Communist Party to becloud the
issues."
He also declared that many of
those at the Brooklyn meeting are
"not members of the organization
Our strike' committee doubts very
much whether these men will have
a vote tomorrow."
SF TShow
FootballMovie
A free movie, celebrating th
winning of the big nine footbal
championship will be shown at
7:30 p.m. Monday at Hill Audi-
torium.
Sponsored by the Varsity Coni-
mittee of the Student Legislature
the movie, will feature pictures o
the Ohio State--Michigan foot-
ball game.
* * *
'TE ACTION of the game wil
be described by Al Wistert, Domr
Tomasi, Walt Teninga, Pete El-
iot, Tom Peterson and others or
the championship team.
Two football shorts and a "Bugs
Bunny" cartoon will also be shown
The doors will be open to studenti
at 7 p.m. and to townspeople at
7:15.

SUFFER TO LEARN:
Peet Says English Unhappily
Resigned to Living Conditons

By JO MISNER
The English people are resigned
but not happy, according to Dr.
Max M. Peet, professor of surgery.
Dr. Peet outlined the austere
living conditions in England on
his return from a tour of clinics
there. He also visited clinics in
Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg
and France.
"HARDSHIPS HAVE not hin-
dered education in England,
though," Dr. Peet said. "The stu-
dents shiver in cold classrooms
and wear long underwear, but still
carry on."
Despite government subsidies
amounting to about half the
wholesale price of 'meats, each
Britisher is allowed only 50
..__-L1. .._a

ple, who had no recourse to vol-
untary health plans, such as the
Blue Cross in this country.
"Doctors' salaries are very
low under the plan," he said.
"Specialists who are able to live
on the income from their private
practice often donate their op-
erating fees voluntarily to
poorly-paid juffior members of
their staffs."
Across the Channel, food and
clothing are much more abundant
at prices considerably higher than
those in England, Dr. Peet said.
* * *
"THERE IS an exceedingly ac-
tive black market in France on
foods and actually on money," he
said. The current rate of exchange
is 310 francs per dollar, but the
nn.rln nm_ n arll nnn efor hi

THANKSGIVERS REST:

i

A ftermath: Tummies Full, 'U' Empty

The sudden student exodus from
campus three days ago was not re-
versed yesterday as the University
shadow-boxed its way through a
r-c+'T -nrrriin nav i-rrla o

in cases where professors had
hinted that they 'might not make
it themselves.' \
One reason for the 'lonE holi-

ONE BLESSING, other than
those spoken before stuffed tur-
keys Thursday, was a drop in
S,'ffir . ap nic flIa ver the hnli-

i

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