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November 25, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-11-25

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See Page 4

1M wa A,_A.



Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LIX, No. 56



Army Calls State
Incapable' of Job
CARACAS, Venezuela-(o)-The
army overthrew the government of
President Romulo Gallegos with-
out firing a shot yesterday and
announced it was in general con-
trol of the nation.
Troops occupied all public build-
ings at noon.
Lt. Col. Marcos Perez Jiminez,
chief of Staff of the Army, said
the army carried out the coup be-
cause of the "incapacity" of the
administration of the Democratic
Action Party headed by Gallegos,
and because "extremist" labor ele-
ments were threatening a general
strike to support the president.
THE ARMY apparently acted
when Lt. Col. Mario Vargas, in-
spector General of the armed
forces, returned from a recupera-
tion of several months at Saranac
Lake, New York, and threw in his
lot with the military. Vargas, one
of the leaders of the 1945 revolu-
tion which overthrew President
Isaias Medina Angarita, had been
counted in the Democratic Action
Gallegos, who took office only
last February as the nation's
first president elected by a di-
rect vote of the people, was at
his home under protection of
the army. The whereabouts of
other political leaders was un-
known. .
Private reports from Maracaibo
in Western Venezuela, the center
of the oil industry where American
capital has a stake of about $2,-
000,000,000, said oil workers had
called a general strike throughout
the state of Zulia, the region
around Lake Maracaibo. The Cre-
ole Oil Company (Standard of
New Jersey) shut down, these re-
ports said. There are about 8,000
Americans working in Venezuela.
stad, Curacao, said the army was
broadcasting from Coro station,
an oil center west of Caracas,
apparently after driving out the
union workers who had been in
The dispatches quoting broad-
casts from Venezuela, said a
curfew had been ordered
throughout the country.
Lt. Col. Carlos Delgado Chal-
baud, minister of defense in the
Gallegos cabinet, broadcast the
first communique to the people
after Gallegos' overthrow. He
asked everybody to stay home,
warned foreigners not to inter-
fere, said no meetings of more
than three persons would be al-
lowed, and gave orders to troop
patrols to shoot immediately any
looters or disturbers of the peace.
Delgado Chalbaud said the army
had the full backing of the air
force and navy.
WORKERS were warned to re-
turn to work at once. Bars and
public places were ordered closed.
Michigan Tops
Draftee Quota
LANSING-(P-Michigan went
"over the top" in meeting its first

peacetime draft call this month,
state selective service headquarters
announced yesterday.
Col. Glenn B. Arnold, state draft
director, said that Michigan, ap-
parently will be able to meet its
quota of 347 men for November.
At the same time, National
Guard headquarters said that all
ceilings had been removed from
guard recruiting in the state. Wide
open recruiting will be allowed un-
til the maximum strength of 341,-,
000 officers and men is reached
The Michigan Guard, with 8,400
officers and men, will be allowed
to add up to 7,000 men to meet au-
thorized strength.
'U' Officials Seek
Food Trouble Clue
University health officials are
seeking the cause of a "mild gas-
r, tro-intestinal upset" which affect-
ed 60 women students residing in

Britain Accepts U.S.
Plans for Palestine
PARIS-(P)-Britain said tonight she had revised her Palestine
proposals in an effort to meet American objections.
The text of Britain's new proposals was not available immediately.
However, a spokesman said Britain had accepted the U.S. recommen-
dation that Jews and Arabs be allowed to work out a mutually
acceptable settlement of boundaries.
* * * *
BRITAIN ORIGINALLY proposed that the United Nations
Assembly approve the Bernadotte Plan which recommends that Israel
give the Negev Desert to the Arabs in return for western Galilee.
The revised resolution seemed to rule out any arbitrary
C? changes in the boundaries of Is-



11 Discu

s * *

* ~'

* * *

f. I


tudents Jam
'lanes, Trains
or Vacation
Thanksgiving Exodus
Overwhelms Officials

Local travel terminals were
jammed yesterday as students
crowded planes, trains and busses
in the annual Thanksgiving rush.
Even with extra trips, allseats
were taken in a mass exodus that
made transportation officials
wince at the thought of the
Christmas vacation mob.
AT WILLOW RUN, airlines of-
ficials said all planes were booked
to capacity in spite of extra flights
to several major cities.
Nearly 3,000 students passed
through the New York Central
depot to fill two extra sections
as well as both regular runs of
the east- and west-bound Mer-
cury and Twilight Limited.
And crowds at the Greyhound
bus terminal stood in line "at
least an hour" to get aboard each
bus, with some people waiting
more than that.
* * *
EXTRA PLANES carrying 20
and 40 passengers each sped to
New York, Washington, Chicago
and other major cities to take
care of one of the largest Thanks-
giving crowds ever handled at the
Willow airport.
"Everything was packed" going
out of the railroad station, with-
more than 480 jammed aboard
the east-bound Twilight Limited
alone. Chicago traffic was even
Detroit and Toledo bus trips
were particularly crowded in a
jam that "we hope will not be re-
peated at Christmas," it was re-

rael by the present assembly
The British insisted, however,
that a proposed conciliation com-
mission be told to fix the boun-
daries "on the specific conclu-
sions" of Count Folke Bernadotte,
slain U.N. mediator.
The United States offered
amendments yesterday in the As-
sembly's 58-member political com-
mittee providing that the Jews
and Arabs work out the boun-
daries on the basis of both the
U.N. partition plan of Nov. 29,
1947, and the Bernadotte recom-
* * * ,
The U.S. has taken the position
that the territory given Israel un-
der the partition plan should not
be reduced without Israel's con-
sent. Israel has said she will not
give up the Negev.
The British spokesman said
the revisions were worked out in
consultation with American of-
ficials. An American spokesman
declined to comment.
The British spokesman said
Britain had accepted in general
the U.S. definition of the func-
tions of the projected conciliation
commission, whose job would be
to seek a Jewish-Arab settlement.
* * *
THE BRITISH move was dis-
closed after representatives of
White Russia and the Soviet Uk-
raine continued the Soviet bloc
attack on British and American
Palestine policy. They spoke in the
political committee, where Britain
is scheduled to make a new dec-
laration tomorrow.
Meanwhile, representatives of
the Arab countries here met pri-
vately, Arab sources said, and de-
cided to send a delegate to Cairo
to talk with Egyptian and Arab
League leaders on future policy.
The Arab delegations want to
know, it was said, whether the
Arabs should agree to negotiate on
a Palestine armistice and other
questions, such as boundary dis-

CHINESE TROOPS ON WAY TO SUCHOW BATTLE-Chinese troops, en route to Suchow from the
south, relax in front of the Pukow railroad station after being halted when Chinese Communist
forces cut the Tientsin-Pukow railroad line north of Pukow. Communists have regrouped after
being driven off last week and are opening a new drive on Suchow. Meanwhile in Washington a
top government official has estimated that $5,000,000,000 would be needed from the U.S. if the Com-.
munist advance in China is to be stopped.
Ship's Passengers Vo'e fr Sit-In Strike.
e a e

World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Secretary of State Marshall today made plain
that the United States and Britain intend to go ahead with plans to
turn over 'the Ruhr's industries to limited German control despite
French protests.
But, Marshall told a news conference, the American government
is prepared to consider further measures to guard against possible re-
birth of German militarism in the highly industrialized Ruhr area of
Western Germany.
NEW YORK-A fresh sinking spell today carried the stock market
to a new low level since the post-election break.
Around $1,000,000,000 of the market value of all stocks Listed on
the exchange was wiped out.
LONDON-The Weekly Magazine News Review says that, on
the basis of a recent poll, the British regard Prime Minister Stalin
and Foreign Minister Molotov of Russia and President Truman-in
that order-as the persons "doing the most harm in the world
* ,f * *
NEW YORK-The head of the nation's mediation service stepped
into the East Coast waterfront strike today as New York City's trans-
portation woes piled up.
The continuing deadlock in the crippling shipping walkout brought
Cyrus S. Ching, head of the federal mediation and conciliation service,
rushing from Washington. It was the first time he had moved into a
strike here.
Travel, Trkey, Parades
Mark AmerieUa' s DayOf

SOUTHAMPTON -(?)-Passen-
gers aboard the strike-bound lux-1
ury liner Queen Elizabeth todayt
were ordered to get off by Friday
but approximately 900 said no and
voted for a "sit-in" strike.
Cabin and tourist class passen-
gers voted for the sit-in strike at
separate meetings and expressed
hope the 600 first class passengers
would join them.
The Cunard White Star Line,j
owners of the ship, had given no-
tice this afternoon to all 1,500c
passengers that they must dis-
embark by Friday.
German Reds
Demand End
Of Occupation
BERLIN - (,') - A Communist
drive to get all occupation troops1
out of Germany was launched last
The German Peoples' Council, a
Communist front organization and
possible forerunner of an East
German parliament, apparently
was voicing the Kremlin's policy
when it, demanded:
1. An immediate parley by the
Big Four Foreign Ministers Coun-
cil to set up machinery to write
a final peace treaty for Ger-
2. Removal of all occupation
troops within a year after the
treaty is signed.
* * *
portant announcement a day in
advance by the Soviet-licensed
news agency ADN, the demand
apparently had the full approval
of the Russians. In effect it con-
firmed that the Soviets want
everyone to pull out of Germany,
as the Russians did in Korea, once
they have Communist police state
machinery set up in the eastern
The campaign for a foreign
ministers council meeting, in
any event, appeared headed for
a stumble. The western powers
have refused repeatedly to con-
vene with Russia on that level
to negotiate on German ques-
tions as long as the Soviet block-
ade on Berlin continues.
The demand for negotiations on
a German peace treaty was voiced
in the peoples' council by Otto
Twchnlr h riffini l fthe crnmmun_

THE LINE said there seemed to
be no immediate prospect of set-
tlement of the American long-
shoremen's strike, which has pre-
vented the ship from sailing.
The passengers came aboard
last Friday in expectation they
would sail the next day.
The notice from the line today
was the signal for the protest
Dr. Henry H. Crane, minister
of the Central Methodist Church
of Detroit, chairman of the cabin
class committee, said
"We are unanimous in our de-
sire to remain on board because
of the precarious condition, finan-
cial and otherwise, of many of
the passengers.
"THERE ARE some very real
cases of hardship aboard. We are
not making any demands but are
appealing to Cunard White Star
for all the help and considerationj
they can give. We are deeply
grateful for all they've done so
'Tonight i asked a purser if
we could stay on board after
Doti s Lauds
Labor Groips
PORTLAND. Or 'e ,- I)-Justice
William O. Douglas of the U.S.
Supreme Court today named labor
as the democracies' chief hope for
survival in "a world fraught with
He spoke at the national CIO
"Today labor, better than any
other element in our society, can
weld the democrats of the world
into a group within its power to
guide western civilization, neither
to the right nor to the left, but
down the broad middle highway
to abundance, to security, and to

Friday and was told we could
"We want to get legal opinion,
on our position but so far have
found no lawyer aboard."
THE CABIN class meeting took
up a collection of money to send
cables to the American Federation
of Labor officials informing them
of the "serious plight" of some
passengers, particularly mothers
with children. The AFL is in-
volved in the East Coast strike.
The Rev. T. R. Dark, pastor of
St. Mary's Catholic church of Mus-
kegon, Mich., said "we are going
to tell American labor that among
the passengers held up here are a
number who belong to American
labor unions."
New Funds Set
Aside for Coed
One to four scholarships,
amounting to $500 each, will an-
nually be made available to women
students with high grades but
needing' economic assistance, ac-
cording to Miss Alice J. Russell,
Michigan Alumnae Council.
It is hoped that the first schol-
arship award, financed by income
from Laurel Harper Seeley Fund,
may be available for the next se-
mester, Miss Russell declared.
Applications may be filed by
women students with the office of
the Dean of Women, December 15
being the deadline.
Undergraduate students will
have priority on the awards, but
no regulations were set up making
it impossible to award a student
in the Graduate School or one of
the professional schools, Miss Rus-
sell explained.

Quick Action!
MERRITTON, Ont. - (A) -
Roosters crowing in the middle
of the night here were keeping
Mrs. Ruby Lawrence awake.
So she telephoned Mayor
Leslie Skipper and several
council members about 4 a.m.,
holding the telephone so that
they could hear the crowing.
The councillors lost no time
in passing an anti-noise by-law
which puts it up to the roosters'
owners to take action.
Ask Russiar
To Join UNT
Talks May Solve
Other Problems'
Truman invited Russia today- tc
join the United Nations Food and
Agriculture organization.
"I think that if we could dis-
cuss with the Russians our mutua'
interest in agriculture, it would
not be so difficult to discuss ow
differences in some other fields,"
he said.
MR. TRUMAN extended the in-
vitation in an address to the fourth
annual meeting of the FAO here.
He said he hoped that every coun-
try, old and new, would become
members of the international food
group, and he made specific men-
tion of Argentina, in addition tc
the Soviet Union.
"Hunger has no nationality," he
"Abundance should have none,
A principal aim of the FAO is
to find ways of getting more food
to millions who have never had
The President said it is
"most heartening" that several
eastern European nations belong
to FAO, and he said he hopes
this will continue to be true.
He pledged that he will ask
Congress to approve an interna-
tional wheat agreement, if one
can be negotiated, and he ex-
pressed regret that the pact drawn
up last spring was not ratified.
* * *
THE PURPOSE of such an
agreement is to divide the world
market among the major wheat
exporting countries, and to set up
a system of maximum and mini-
mum prices for the bread grain
designed to protect both growers
and consumers.
The agreement drawn up last
spring would have assured the
United States a market for
168,000,000 bushels of wheat a
year for five years, with a guar-
anteed price of $1.85 a bushel
for the first year.
Since then, however, one of the
mightiest harvets in history has
alleviated the shortage of wheat,
and a buyer's-rather than a sel-
ler's-market has developed. For
that reason, some U. S. agricul-
tural officials are pessimistic of
the chance of negotiating an
agreement along the terms of the
old one.
No Daily
There will be no Daily to-
morrow morning because of the
Thanksgiving holiday. Publica-
tion will resume Saturday.


Planes Slow
U.S. May Help
NANKING - () - Government
warplanes flew back into the bat-
,le of Suchow today, and press
accounts asserted the new Con-
munist offensive was thrown
ack on both the east and south.
Newspapers reported recapture
f the anchor city of Suhsien, 50
niles south of Suchow.
* * *
DESPITE THIS and a rash of
other optimistic dispatches, many
observers believed the govern-
ment still was losing ground in the
battle for the Suchow-Nanking,
nerve center of China.
The Communist radio report-
ed no new gains but dismissed.
government claims of victory
"during the past few days" as
Pro-government press. reports
said the units which captured
Suhsien had moved six miles
north to Fulichi and linked with
other nationalist forces moving
south from Suchow.
* * *
THE OFFICIAL central news
agency said flatly the fighting had
'ended" on the east flank, where
the greatest weight of the Com-
munist push has been thrown in
this newest phase of the Suchow
The agency said three govern-
ment columns had joined hold-
out forces around Nienchuang,
33 miles east of Suchow.
If true, the remnants of OeO.
Huang Po-Tao's seventh army
group-which took the main blow
and was believed all but wiped out
-have escaped a red ring at Nien-
Meanwhile, in Washington Sec-
retary of State Marshall disclosed
that President Truman and he
are still trying to decide what the
United States can properly do to
assist China in its present crisis.
* * *
news conference that the Ameri-
can government is well aware that
the situation in China-caused by
the southward sweep of Chinese
Communist armies-is critical.
But, choosing his words slowly and
deliberately, he said that it pre-
sents a difficult problem which
has to be very carefully consid-
The problem, as he defined it,
is to determine what this gov-
ernment properly can do to be
of real assistance in the pres-
ent crisis.
One factor in the government's
consideration, he disclosed, is the
involvement of the United States
which might result in China and
which, he said, is already in ef-
fect in various parts of the world.
* * *
HE DID not spell out what he
meant by this but other officials
Say privately that in giving aid to

China's,- anti-Communist forces
the United States must make cer-
tain that it is, not assuming an
almost unbearable burden for
carrying on an indefinite "hot
war" against the Communist
SL Candidates
ToBare Ideas
At Coffee Hour
Continuing an annual function
The Student Religious Associa-
tion will hold a coffeee hour foz
Student Legislature candidate:
and the student body at 4:30 p.m.
tomorrow at Lane Hall.
The purpose of the coffee hour
is to acquaint the students with
the candidates according to SRA
president Phil Culbertson. All the
candidates have been invited and
Culbertson said he hoped the stu-
dent body would come and ques-
tion the candidates about their



By The Associated Press
America prepares its feast of
harvest today in a Thanksgiving
Day ceremony that observes the
custom of 327 years.
As families gathered for the
holiday, transportation lines re-
ported heavy travel by rail, bus
and air.
ina sencinl trins and flights -


present-a 35-pound live
Master Tom Turkey, pre-
by the Exchange Club of

Nation Feasts on 32 7th Thanksgiving

Approximately a million peo-
ple are expected to watch giant
parades in New York and Phila-
delphia, with Santa Claus tak-
ing a prominent part.
Elsewhere there will be football
games and other forms of enter-

Today the nation will take time
out to worship and feast on the
327th anniversary of a holiday
that originated with a small band

11OWEVER, IN the years that
followed, life was hard and the
DPs had a new world to build.
Sometimesharvests were poor and
when the first snow fell thoughts

Distinctive American cooking
added color to the holiday. Tur-
key, cranberry sauce, nut dressing
and corn became old standbys and

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