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SOMEHOW when an educational institu-
tion grows past the 20,000 marker that
intangible thing called school spirit seems
to get lost in the shuffle.
But something that's happening on cam-
pus now demonstrates that Michigan has
retained some of that spirit. It took a
distorted article in a national magazine
to do it-but a good part of the campus
has swung behind a group which typifies
school spirit-the Michigan Marching
For a while it looked like the band wasn't
going to be able to make the trip to Co-
lumbus next weekend because of financial
But a small group of students - whose
letter appeared on this page yesterday-
decided to do something about it. They
pledged $65 toward sending the band to
Since then the thing has mushroomed.
All day long The Daily received phone calls
from individuals and groups who wanted to
climb on the "Bandwagon." Now nearly half
of the $2,000 needed to send the band to
Columbus has been pledged. And it looks like
the goal will be reached.
But now isn't the time to sit back and
take it easy. Continued financial support
is needed before the success of this spon-
taneous drive is assured.
This is an appropriate time for the cam-
pus to show its support of the band which
contributes a good share of the colorful
pageantry which goes to make up a foot-
ball weekend. Though Life's distorted article
has been disavowed by OSU officials, strong
campus financial support of the band hero
will further repudiate the article.
Annually the University provides the band
with a limited travel budget sufficient for
two gridiron trips. This budget has now
Because technical arrangements must be
completed by this weekend it is vital that
funds for the band's trek to Ohio State
be pledged as soon as possible.
The Daily will maintain special phone op-
erators during the drive. Just call 2-3241 and
ask for the Band- Fund Committee. Just
make the pledge now, actual collection will
be taken care of next week.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily stafff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ONE'O THE SIGNIFICANT things about
the 1948 election is that it marks an
important stage in the development of labor
Having secured for themselves a perma-
nent place in American society, with the
right to represent their workers to em-
ployers, they have found that they must
protect themselves through political or-
This is a relatively new trend. The CIO's
Political Action Committee was only created
in 1942, and the AFL, which was founded
as a purely non-political organization, was
even later in the field.
By going in for political organization labor
is becoming a pressure group like any other.
We feel that thisis a healthy thing. Instead
of depending on strikes, which are essentially
anti-social, to make its wants known, labor
will now have to take its chances on demo-
cratic give-and-take methods, as the man-
ufacturers and the farmers have been doing
Previously, labor organizations were in
a special position because they were non-
political and workers suffered as a result.
The teachers are now in the same fix.
In spite of the fact that the future welfare
of U.S. democracy depends largely on edu-
cation, the people still aren't convinced,
apparently, that the only way to improve the
teaching profession is to attract young and
able people to enter it -that means higher
And it now begins to look as if the only
way for teachers to get higher pay is by di-
rect political action.
There have been teachers' organizations
for many years; there have even been a few
strikes, as in Minneapolis last year. But im-
provements in the pay scales have been
slight, and teachers are still badly under-
paid. Statistics continue to reveal this sad
fact,'and legislatures continue to do little or
nothing about it.
What's needed is a real political organ-
ization that will get out the vote for poli-
ticians who are in favor of improving the
schools, and work against those who aren't
willing to allocate the necessary money.
Probably many teachers are against this
There are some who think the way to start
is to enforce higher teaching standards and
thus convince therelectorate that teachers
are worth more money. But higher teach-
ing standards can't be enforced unless there
are better teachers-and to get them, higher
salaries are needed.
There are others who point out
that they, unlike union workers, are a
professional group. Doctors and lawyers,
they say, don't apply political pressure;
why should the teachers?
Teachers are almost all on government
payrolls. There is no other way to account
for the startling difference between what
they are paid and what doctors and lawyers
Because teachers depend on government
for their economic reward, they will have
to go to government-to the people-to im-
prove their economic position.
By improving their economic position,
teachers can also improve their profession.
It is vital that American education continue
to improve. A teachers' political organization
will thus be a benefit not only to the teach-
ers, but to American education and Amer=
".Hear Any Ugly Talk About Throwing Us Out Too?"
~ ~- --
- t '
DAILY OFFICIAL BULETIN
Letters to the Editor .
(Continued from Page 2)
THE DIFFERENCE between a C-plus and
a B-minus may push some fraternities
out of the campus social picture before long.
With the IFC Alumni Council planning
to enforce a 2.4 group average ruling in
fraternities, the fallacies in the Univer-
sity's present grading system become even
Apparently the University feels that the
present five mark division is fine enough
to distinguish between the varying degrees
of scholastic prowess among students.
In practice, however, one group or an-
other is continually sub-dividing these
A - B-C - D - E grades. Second - semester
freshmen need a 2.5 average to partici-
pate in activities; certain honorary groups
demand a 3.5 for membership.
From a mathematician's point of view,
these sub-divisions are accurate if all "A"
grades are exactly 4.0, all "B" grades 3.0
and so on. But almost every student knows
there is a vast difference in the time and
effort it takes to get'a high B and'that for
a low B.
Evidently many instructors feel that a
letter grade doesn't tell the whole story,
either. They continue to dish out pluses and
minuses which have no official meaning.
At present, instructors are faced with a
hodge-podge of grades, some letter-grades,
some percentages and some number
grades. They are asked to pull a letter-
grade out of this mass and then, for many
purposes, the letter-grades are given a
Wouldn't it be much more to the point to
stick to numbers entirely? It might be diffi-
cult at first to set up such a system for
grading English themes, for instance. But
after the original standards are set,"such a
system would present no more difficulties
than the present form of grading.
Of course, there's one advantage to
the letter-grade system. Most students are
used to getting letter grades from their
grade- and high-school days.
But an "A" in grade school often meant
only a gold star to paste on the forehead,
or a nickle from Daddy to spend on bubble
When grades"determine-In part,-as theyl
do now, the place where you live, the people
you associate with, and what you do with
your spare time, it's pretty important for
these grades to be as accurate as possible.
NIGHT EDITOR: LEON JAROFF
MARRIAGE LECTURES, a campus insti-
tution for departing seniors and grad-
uates since 1938, appear ready to fall by the
The people in charge of the program say
that student demand as evidenced by last
year's attendance troubles, is not great
enough to justify continuing them. And
lecturers' fees have risen.
S the lectures may not be given this
Well, what of it? Maybe students already
know enough about marriage. Haven't elab-
orately diagrammed, scientific books taught
them all they need to know? What more
can marriage lectures accomplish?
Let's take a look at last year's lectures.
First of all, they were practical. Students
who attended them came to realize im-
portant facts that may have escaped them
They began to realize that marriage can
be a matter of getting along on $40 a week;
that a wife's job includes keeping house
and taking care of kids; that a husband's
job includes supporting his wife and family
on something besides love.
Maybe students were aware of these things
before they attended the lectures, but the
speakers *brought such unromantic details
to the forefront of their minds.
The physical aspects of marriage were
also discussed-and thoroughly. But above
all the lecturers, conscientious, profes-
sional, competent men drawn from the
tsp-notch authorities of the country, gave
a balanced, objective view of the subject
often missing in the avidly-read scentific
One or two of the lectures may have been
dull. Speakers may have strayed too far
from themes of student interest. Such lec-
turers could, however, be culled from future
As a whole, the lectures offered what stu-
dents who attended them called "construc-
tive, helpful advice."
For these reasons they should be con-
tinued this year. It may take some doing.
The committee sponsoring the lectures is
not an official University group, and has
no money of its own to finance the se-
Before the war various campus organiza-
tions joined to back the program. Realizing
the need for such an educational project,
the League, Union, Student Religious Asso-
+ CINEMA +_
A t Lydia Mendelssohn, . mous. Louis Jouvet is equally apt as Mosca-
as so on down the line-each character being
VOLPONE, with Harry Baur, Louis Jouvet, a perfectly chosen and thoroughly effective
and Charles Dullin. birected by A. Hertz. representation of the part handed to him.
The net result is fascinating to watch.
TAKEN BY and large, this adaptation of Technically, the film also maintains its
the Ben Jonson play is one of the most high standards, and the sub-titles even man-
smoothly conceived and expertly acted films, age to keep to the rapid pace of the action.
I've seen in a long time. This over-all excellence. has perhaps
Rivalling Carmen in international fla- one disadvantage: it can't be fully appre-
vor (for Volpone is a French movie of an ciated in one sitting. But considering the
English play laid in Venice), the film has quality of some of the recent Hollywood
the witty, bawdy atmosphere of a Shake- pictures, this is little enough disadvantage.
spearean comedy with a suavity only the It merely makes Volpone a classic to be
French could carry off. The plot follows experienced more than once like a musical
the attempt of a nouveaux riche to in- gem.
crease his fortune and expose the myriad From the pace-setting beginning to its
of money-minded hypocrites that surround inevitable and vigorous conclusion, I think
hin. you'll find Volpone a masterpiece you
In the title role, Harry Baur exhibits the wouldn't want to have passed by.
finesse and versatility that made him fa- -Carol Anderson.
Swift and Co. will have a repre-
sentative here Tues., Nov. 16, to in-
terview men and women for posi-
tions as standards checkers, sales-
men, market research analysts,
chemists and stenographers (Feb-
Additional information and ap-
pointments may be obtained at
201 Mason Hall or by calling Ext.
Approved student sponsored so-
cial events for the coming week-
Congregational Disciples Guild,
Graduate Education Club, Hollis
House, Jordan Hall, Lutheran
Student Assoc., Martha Cook, Phi
Delta Theta, Pi Lambda Phi, Sig-
ma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Phi Ep-
silon, Westminster Guild.
Acacia, Alpha Chi Sigma, Al-
pha Delta Phi, Alpha Kappa Kap-
pa, Beta Theta Pi, Chi Phi, Chi
Psi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta
Sigma Delta, Delta Sigma Pi, Delta
Tau Delta, East Quadrangle.'
Kappa Nu, Phi Alpha Kappa,
Phi Chi, Phi KappaPsi, P'hi'Kappa
Sigma, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Rho
Sigma, Phi Sigma Kappa, Pres-
cott House, Sigma Alpha Mu, Sig-
ma Chi, Tau Delta Phi, Theta
Chi, Theta Delta Chi, Zeta Beta
Tau, Zeta Psi
Mr. R. L. Ehinger, of Northrop
Aircraft, Inc., Hawthorne, Cali-
fornia, will be 'here Nov. 15 and 16
to interview February (BS and
MS) Aeronautical Engineering
graudates. The interview schedule
will be posted on the East Engi-
neering bulletin board, and appli-
cation blanks may be obtained in
Rm. 1079, E. Engineering Bldg.
history 49: Mid-semester Ex-
amination, 2 p.m., Fri., Nov. 12.
Adams-Kobayashi, Rm. B, Haven
Hall; Kopka-Zwickey, Rm. 25 An-
Electrical Engineering Depart-
ment Colloquium: 4 p.m., Fri., Nov.
12, Rm. 2084 E. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. Lyman W. Orr will speak on
the subject: "Electrical Problems
in Quantitative Spectroscopy."
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
4 p.m., Fri., Nov. 12, Rm. 319 W.
Medical Bldg., Subject: "Some
Phases of Inorganic Metabolism."
All interested are invited.
Astronomical Colloquium: 4:15
p.m., Fri., Nov. 12, Observatory.
Dr. J. Allen Hynek, Director of
Edwin McMillen Observatory,
Ohio State University, will speak
on the subject, "The Parallaxes of
Concert: The University Musi-
cal Society will present the Cin-
cinnati Symphony Orchestra,
Thom Johnson, conductor in
the Extra Concert Series, Mon.,
Nov. 15, at 8:30 p.m., Hill Audito-
rium. Dr. Johnson will conduct the
orchestra in the following pro-
gram: Overture, "Russlan and
Ludmilla" (Glinka); Mozart
"1'affner" Symphony; Vaughan
Williams' "Job"; Midsummer
Vigil by Alfen; and the Strauss
Suite from "Der Rosenkavalier."
Faculty Concert: The University
of Michigan String Quartet, Gil-
bert Ross and Emil Raab, violin-
ists, Paul Doktor, violist, and
Oliver Edel, cellist, will be heard
in its first program, 8:30 p.m. Sun.,
Nov. 14, Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre. Program: Haydn's Quartet in
F Major, Op. 77, No. 2; Schubert's
Quartet Satz in C Minor, Op.
posth., and Quartet in A Minor,
Op. 51, No. 2 by Brahms.
The general public is invited.
Visitor's Night, Department of
Astronomy: 7:30 to 9:30 p.m., An-
gell Hall (fifth floor), for observa-
tion of the moon. Visitor's Night
will be cancelled if the sky. is
cloudy. Children must be accom-
panied by adults. (This is the last
Visitor's Night scheduled to be held
during the first semester.)
School of Education Graduate
Mixer: 8 p.m.-12 midnight, Rack-
bam Assembly Hall. Graduate stu-
dents, faculty members, and guests
are invited. Small admission fee.
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:30
p.m., Michigan League Coke Bar.
All students and faculty members
Student Religious Association
Coffee Hour: 4:30 p.m., Lane Hall.
Dr. Wells Thoms, guest.
Lutheran Student Association:
"Dogpatch Party." Meet at the
Student Center, 1304Hill Street, at
7:45 p.m. Wear blue jeans.
Roger Williams Guild: Work
party, 8:30 p.m., Guild House.
Delta Epsilon Pi, Hellenic Club:
Meeting, 7 p.m., Fpm. 3B, Michigan
Union. Students of Greek descent
and Phil-Hellenes are invited.
Election of Delegates for the
Thanksgiving Convention in Ann
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Sabbath Evening Services, 7:4
p.m., followed by talk by Profes-
sor Newcomb of the Sociology De-
partment, "The Social Psycholo-
gist Looks at the Election." 8:30
p.m. Social hour.
Art Cinema League presents
"Volpone" at 8:30 p.m., Friday
and Saturday. Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. All seats reserved. Box
office opens 3 p.m., Wednesday,
Young Progressives of America
Dance, 7:30 p.m., Jones Public
School, 401 N. Division St. All are
Gallery Talk, by Prof. Chet La-
More, College of Architecture and
Design, on Contemporary Paint-
ings from the Albright Art Gal-
lery; Museum of Art, Alumni Me-
morial Hall, Sun., Nov. 14, 3:30
p.m. The public is invited.
Lecture: Dr. Joshua Kunitz of
New York City, under the aus-
pices of the Department of Rus-
sian, will lecture at 4:15 p.m.,
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege o submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
JUST WANTED TO let you know
that we here in the Village
thoroughly appreciate the fine job
which you did in covering the elec-
tion last week.
May your good work continue.
-Carl L. Rhoads.
* * *
To the Editor:
ON BEHALF of the Student Leg-
islature, I want to thank The
Daily for the cooperation extended
to us in publicizing our activities.
Special thanks go to Al Blumrosen,
the liaison between Student Legis-
lature and The Daily, who has
done a fine job in his articles on
Student Legislature, its meetings
* * *
To the Editor:
IN 1837 James Fenimore Cooper
published-a book entitled Glean-
ings in Europe. England, in which
he commented critically on the
differences and similarities in
American and English manners,
attitudes, behavior, etc. Consider-
ing the events of the pastfew days
the following passage strikes me as
pertinent: " . . . the American ever
seems ready to resign his own
opinion to that which is made to
seem to be the opinion of the pub-
lic. I say 'seems' to be, for so man-
ifest is the power of public opin-
ion, that one of the commonest
expedients of all American man-
agers, is to create an impression
that the public thinks in a par-
ticular way, in order to bring the
common mind in subjection."
Obviously Mr. Brownell has been
reading Cooper. For the sake of
the Republican party we suggest
that its next presidential campaign
manager stick to less misleading
works such as the Leather-Stock-
-Robert A. Thomason.
* * *
To the Editor:
T HE PROGRESSIVE PARTY, in
spite of all reports to the con-
trary, still stands for Peace, for
an end to the "Cold War" and for
greater abundance for all the
American people. The Progressive
Party will continue its fight for
peace until it is won. We will con-
tinue to demand a fulfillment of
the liberal portions of the Demo-
cratic Party's domestic program.
In this respect our party will con-
tinue to grow because the Demo-
cratic Administration will soon
discover that its promises for the
domestic front cannot possibly be
fulfilled while our government
pursues 'its cold war policy. We
cannot 'have a housing program
an extension of old age security
benefits, and other liberal New
Deal policies, and at the same time
stockpile atom bombs, spend bil-
lions of 'dollars for arms, and con-
tinue with the Marshall Plan-Tru-
man Doctrine method for rehabili-
tation' of Europe. This is an im-
possible task both economically
We arc already beginning to see
the results of such a policy. In
China the Nationalist Government
is tottering. It is tottering mainly
because there was no basis for such
a goveminment in the first place,
except our dollars and arms. Such
a government must inevitably fall.
Similarly, in Greece we have
propped up the reactionaries in
exactly the same manner-with
guns and dollars. It too is losing
ground and will fall. As time goes
on these issues will crystallize for
the American people. It will be-
come unmistakeably clear that our
bi-partisan foreign policy is truly
Tues., Nov. 16, Kellogg Auditorium,
on "Russian Literature: A Mirror
of Russian Life."
Graduate Outing Club: Ice-
skating. Meet at northwest en-
trance, Rackham Bldg., 2:15 p.m.,
Sun., Nov. 14. Sign supper list at
Raickham check desk before 9
Russian Circle Tea; Dr. Kunitz,
guest. 7:30 p.m., Mon., Nov. 15, In-
a bankrupt and negative approach
to world affairs, that such a policy
admits its lack of faith in democ-
racy, in rehabilitation, and in
To the Editor:
THE HIGH-SOUNDING phrases,
which Mr. Shaffer and claque
have had the goodness to direct to
'the University of Moscow, are read
with interest and some skepticism.
We immediately wonder if such
noble sentiments of brotherhood
were dispatched to Paris and Nan-
king on July 14 and October 10 re-
spectively! I infer that the recent
cablegram is a deliberate insult to
democratic government, for Mr.
Shaffer's group has congratulated
the Russians on the anniversary of
the overthrow of the democratic-
socialist government of Kerensky,
the original Russian Revolution
having forced the czar to abdicate
some months before Lenin swept
into power in November, 1917. If
Mr. Shaffer's group meant no in-
jury to democratic government,
they should have pledged them-
selves to work for understanding
between "our two great peoples"
by insisting that both sides cham-
pion freedom of 'conscience and
not by compromising their politi-
cal ideals. If ignorance of the true
sequence of the Russian Revolu-
tion lies behind this cablegram,
then possibly a history course is
" * *
To the Editor:
THE MICHIGAN DAILY has the
reputation of being one of the
most reliable and accurate student
newspapers in the United States,
In the interests of preserving this
reputation, I would like to correct
a statement which appeared in
Thursday's Daily, under the cap-
tion "Record Breaking." According
to this article, the production of
molybdenum in the United States
constitutes -37 percent of the
world's total output in 1937. Now,
according to - "Chemistry of En-
gineering Materials," by Prof. Rob-
ert B. Leigou, the United States'
production of molybdenum in 1937
was 90 percent of the world's total.
Furthermore, Paducah, the ap-
parent source of the article, is im-
portant for its tobacco, corn, pork,
strawberries, and crossties, accor-
ding to the Encyclopaedia Bri-
tannica, which mentions nothing
These errors have undoubtedly
caused considerable confusion in
certain quarters, and I trust that
the article will be corrected and
reprinted in a prominent place for
the benefit of those misled.
-Edward J. Walker
ALTHOUGH the nation has not yet seri-
ously considered the election of a woman
president, with each succeeding election
more women are sent to Congress and State
The feminine influence in politics has at
last been accepted.
Voters have finally realized the neces-
sity of the woman's touch in every kind of
enterprise. Their keener sense of fair-
ness, willingness to assume responsibility
and great understanding of the world's
need for security are a few of the reasons
for their successful entry into politics.
One woman who certainly deserves a place
in President Truman's second term cabinet
is Anna Eleanor Roosevelt. Despite the hu-
morous remarks her remarkable vivacity
draws forth, Mrs. Roosevelt has much to
her credit. Look at the record:
She has served as a campaign worker
in the Democratic Party, acted as assistant
between the United States and every other
nation of the ' world. Many times, her
finesse in handling a 'situation' exceeded
the ability of state department officials.
As a spokesman for the liberal point of
view, there are few persons who can surpass
Mrs. Roosevelt. 8
Her ability, in a cabinet post of President
Truman's choosing, would be a valuable ad-
dition to the new administration.
--Craig 11. Wilson.
50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Ten men were appointed yell masters
(whatever they are) to the Detroit game.
1901 class canes were distributed to the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harriett Friedman ... Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern........Editorial Director
Alegra Pasqualetti ... .Associate Editor
Arthur Higbee ........Associate Editor
Murray Grant..........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ......Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery.......Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ................Librarian
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ....Circulation Manager
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Barnaby! Where WERE you?
r - --- - - - r
Jane's mother says she's not home
either. John! Both kids disapoeared
We got Mr. Merrie to sign that paper so
Gus the Ghost won't have to move. But
I I I