THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TTI'USDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1949
Armistice Day, 1948
THIRTY YEARS ago today the greatest
war the world had known came to an
Millions of men laid down their arms and
rejoiced that a World War, designed to end
all wars, was over.
In the cities and towns of Europe and
America there were great celebrations.
Factories, offices and shops closed, throngs
gathered everywhere. Bands marched down
paper strewn streets; the lowliest private
was king that day.
And the people had good cause to re-
joice. In a few weeks the armies would dis-
band; all the guns, ships, and instruments
of war would be scrapped; sons, husbands,
and lovers would come home to begin the
That was November 11, 1918.
On November 11, 1928, the people were
still celebrating. The new peace was 10 years
old, and the world was proud Qf its ac-
complishment. Here in Ann Arbor, the War
Resisters League sponsored the Angell Hall
speech of a noted pacifist. But a day earlier
another celebration had been held. The Uni-
versity Nippon Club threw a banquet honor-
ing the coronation of Emperor Hirohito, "the
most modern and progressive of his prede-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DON McNEIL
Ten years later, in 1938, the subjects
of the "most modern" emperor had re-
cently captured Hankow, and were pro-
ceeding with the dismemberment of all
China. Across the world, all Europe was
speedily preparing for "Peace in our time"
-the Munich pact was a month old.
And while the world observed the 20th
anniversary of "Peace" Gen. John J. Persh-
ing warned this nation to take "prompt and
vigorous action" to bolster our defenses. But
America celebrated instead.
Today, thirty years after the armistice, a
celebration of the victory would be a mock-
ery. The events of these past three decades
have proved that peace cannot be built with
joyful observations of each country's mili-
There can be no - celebration when the
world is divided into armed camps; there
can be no rejoicing at the loading of guns.
Though the celebration of Armistice Day
is an anachronism, its observance is more
vital than evert. But it is a new kind of
observance-it is the setting aside of a
day on which to consider the tragedy of
war and to realize that the thing next
worse to military defeat is victory.
The thoughts of every American today
should not be directed to the victory of the
nation's armies thirty years ago, but should
be concerned with the expense of that tri-
umph, how the cost of war, in lives and
money, rose in those three decades, and
how we can prevent a third payment- a
payment that might well end in bankruptcy.
Not Quite Enough
HE SENSATIONAL EXPOSE published
over the weekend in the nation's press
about the delivery of arms to Israel has not
taken too many people by surprise.
The amazing feats that Israeli troops
have been able to accomplish in the recent
fighting were the result of a well organ-
ized, integrated and equipped fighting
force, and the material had to come from
If the Russians are behind the arms shut-
tle that Mr. X describes from the sanctuary
of the American Embassy in Paris, the
United States and the rest of the Western
Powers have only themselves to blame.
Recognition by the U.S. and Russia, fol-
lowed by our insistence on the unacceptable
Bernadotte proposals for the further parti-
tion of the Holy Land naturally would not
endear the U.S. to the Israeli government.
It is doubtful if the thought that the U.S.
and Britain would be scandalized if they
knew that arms were being secured from
"behind the Iron Curtain" would have stop-
ped a government fighting for its existence.
.The UN truge was a-farce from the begin-
It was accepted as a matter of expedi-
ency by both sides and broken by both
sides. The war in Palestine was no more
under the control of the UN than was the
American Revolution. The victory went
to the stronger, just as it has always done,
and the existence of the UN was not par-
All that the UN has been able to do is
follow the course of events as witnessed
by the recent statement by the chief of
staff of the truce mission to the Arabs that
they had lost the war and had better make
Anyone who has followed the news for
the past weeks could have told the Arab
countries the same thing and it would
have carried just as much force as Brig.
Gen. Riley's comment.
If the Arabs think they can get more by.
making peace with Isreal, they will do so,
otherwise Gen. Riley might as well go
whistle Dixie in a corner.
So much for the UN in Palestine.
As for ourselves, we would have been
far better off if our State Department
had been able to see which way the
smoke of battle was drifting and had
backed the winning side from the first,
with more than words and recognition.
It turned out that, by backing nobody,
we are out inthe cold and, evidentally, Rus-
sia isn't. Our best bet now is to get back
into the good graces of the Isreali govern-
ment as swiftly as possible.
But, somehow, the lifting of an arms em-
bargo after the war is over doesn't seem
DEMOCR ATS wtoho reinaied Dem oras t
during the campaign are viewing with
amusement the efforts of the splinter grops
to somehow jump on the bandwaoon. The
Southern Dixiecrats are sliding quietly back
into their party notches, with a rumor that
the States Rights votes might go for Tru-
man instead of Thurmond. And the Progres-
sives are aping the "me too" or "it was our
idea first" policy of the Republican eanidi-
Their efforts to justify their own failure
by saying that the people were :ctually
voting for a Wallace program forced on
President Truman deserves some scrut-
On the issue of civil liberties, Progressives
have been too quick to point to the fact that
nothing was done about the problem before
Mr. Wallace left the party. But the incon-
gruity of this is evident when we note that
as Secretary of Agriculture and Seret ary of
Commerce, Henry Wallace did nothing about
Civil Rights in his departments; that it was
President Truman's Committee which
brought in a report, and that it was Pres-
ident Truman who insisted on its publica-
tion, before the idea of a Progressive party
had gotten underway.
As for Price Controls, it is plain that
Harry S. Truman and not Henry Wallace
was the man in the White House who
called for controls back in 19 Nor neA
we ask which man vetoed and opposed the
Wallace himself never took on his shoul-
ders the mantle of the only crusader for
domestic issues. In fact, he once stated that
should the foreign policy change to his
way of liking (e. g. "if one of the parties
became a peace party") he would vithdraw
from the race.
The Progressive party was indeed an abor-
tive group. And unless it can find more
widely controversial problems than our for-
eign policy, on which the great majority
happens to be united, it doesn't stand a
chance. Its vote compared poorly with the
Dixiecrats, for all its liberal aims, and was
not as high as that of the much more lib-
eral and progressive candidate of the 1920's
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE IS ONE footnoe to the election
which I feel I must put clown. This is,
quite simply, the thought that this election
shows the people have not lost cenfidence
in themselves. When one considers how the
liberal inventions with which the people
of this country have tried oameliorat
their lot have been mockced and. decied or
the last fifteen years, this result is, I think,
For we have lived through a long period
during which experts in satire tayee had
something like five thousand daly wr-
outs against all current liberal notions.'
They have imputed chicanery to Roose-
velt and ineptness to Truman; they have
pictured the former as the victim of a
mad power last, and the latter as his hap-
less inheritor. They have tried to sell the
country on the notion that price control,
for example, stands, as a concept, some-
where between the villainous and the idio-
And after having said it five thousand
times, and after hving backed their utter-
ance with all the heavy apparatus of smart-
ness and scorn and certitude, they have quite
failed to convince the people. The people
have retained a confidence that their social
inventions, however improvised and, some-
times, even faltering, are basically right, and
after continuous years of the kind of heavy
scolding outlined above, they have blithely
asked for a second portion.
It seems to me this decision is of historic
importance. For when once the people lose
confidence in themselves, they must then
turn in blind to some sort of prelerred
leadership; and it has even been said
that this choice is the key ,hoice of our
century. In retaining confidcaee in them-
selves, and in their own basically gentle
and constructive ideas, the people of
America may indeed be said to have spoken
to the world last week. In saying this, I
do not in any way accuse the Republicans
of entertaining authoritarian ideas, but
it is perfectly fair to say that they have
been, on the whole, squifly and cynical
about democratic planning. Their mystique
has been one of chance, and automatic
process and appeal of personality, and if
they had succeeded in pers ng the
American people to vote in these direc-
tions, that would obviously have been a
vote away from the idea of conscious and
deliberate social progress
And certainly we can ray, without any
sneers at anybody, what is the plain truth--
that in this election the idea of inspired
personal leadership has suffered an Anor-
mous and impressive defeat. In world his-
torical terms, this may yet be a fact of the
And so, to me, one of the thing that 1as
happened in this election is that once again
the people have become the continuing po-
litical reality; attention now focuses upon
MATTER OF FACT:
"Some Cabinet Remodeling Too, Boss?"
AlLY FFICI ALtBULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
fall semester are due to the house-
mother n Nov. 12.
University Lecture: "ostwar
Reconstruction in British Letters."
J. E. Morpurgo, English literary
critic, Visiting Lecturer at Michi-
gan State College; auspices of the
Department of English lan ilae
and Literature. 4:15 p.m., Thurs.,
Nov. 11, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Scminar in Applied Mathe-
mnaties: 4 p.m., Thurs., Nov. "11
IRm. 247 W. Engineering Bldg. Mr.
W. J. Nemerever will' speak on
"Tensorial analysis of systems
(mechanical, electrical, hydraulic,
FTe ctrial Engineering Depart-
ment Colloquium: 4 p.m., Fri.,.Nov.
12, Rm. 2084 E. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. Lyman W. Orr will speak on
the subject: "Electrical Problems
in Quantit ave Spectroscopy."
Michigan on Canvas, Rackham
qalleries, through Nov. 11, daily
excnpt Sundays, 10 a.m. to 10
p.m. The public is invited.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: Contemporary Paintings
from the Albright Art Gallery.
Nov. 4-24, Daily, 9 a.m.-5 p.m.;
Sundays, 2-5 p.m. The, public is
Music Forum "Planning a
Teaching Career," Dr. Clyde Vro-
man of the University School of
Music Faculty, chairman of panel
:ormposed of: Mr. Charles E. Lut-
ton, Clark-Brewer Teachers' Agen-
"y, Chicago; Dr. William R. Sur,
Michigan State College; Mr.
Haydn Morgan, Michigan State
Normal College; Miss Marguerite
Hood, University School of Mu-
sic; and, Mr. Luther Purdom, Uni-
versity Appointment Bureau;
sponsored by Phi Mu Alpha Sin-
fonia, 8:30 p.m., Rackham Assem-
oly Hall. Open discussion. The
public is invited.
Graduate School Record Con-
cert: 7:45 p.m., East Lounge.
Beethoven: Concerto No. 4, in
G Major, Op. 58; Gieseking, Piano
Hindemith: Sonata for Viola
and Piano, Op. 11, No. 4; PrimrosE
Brahms: Quartet No. 1, in G
Minor, Op. 25; Pro Arte, Rubin-
Mozart: Divertimento No. 15, in
B Flat, K.287. Szigeti, Violin,
Chamber Orch. Cond. Goberman.
All graduate Students invited.
Student Faculty Hour: 4-5 p.m.,
Grand Rapids Room, Michigar
League. Sociology and Anthropol-
oy departments will be guests
Co-sponsored by Assembly and
International Center weekly te
for all foreign students and thei
American friends. 4:30-6 p.m
International Center. Hostesses
Mrs. T. Raleigh Nelson and Mrs
Waldo C. Johnston.
Letters to the Editor ...
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Rehearsal of all chorus members
and principals, 7:15 p.m., Michi-
gan League. Room will be posted.
Alpha Kappa Delta: Meeting,
7:45 p.m. at the home of Prof.
Arthur E. Wood, 3 Harvard Place.
Prof. Georges Friedmann, Direc-
tor of Studies at the Ecole des
Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne, Paris,
will be the speaker. Memberskwho
wish transportation will be picked
up at the west door of the Wom-
en's League at 7:40 p.m.
Zeta Phi Eta, Speech Arts: Busi-
ness meeting, 4:15 p.m., Rm. 4208
Eta Kappa Nu: Dinner meet-
ing, 6 p.m., Michigan Union.
Transfer Students who are
members of Pi Lambda Theta are
invited to join the members of the
Xi Chapter in welcoming our Na-
tional Vice-president, 7:30 p.m.,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Arts Chorale: Work meeting, 7
p.m., Rm. 506 Burton Tower.
Michigan Crib: Meeting, 7:50
p.m., Kellogg Auditorium. Mr.
Clarence Burke, former agent in
charge of the Detroit office of the
F.B.I., will speak about law en-
forcement in the F.B.I. and ab-
stract law. All interested are in-
Forester's Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Rm. 2082, Natural Science
Bldg. Dr. Clover will show movies
of her trip down the Colorado
River through the Grand Canyon.
All Foresters and wives invited.
N.S.A. Meeting: 4 p.m., Student
Legislature room, 3rd floor, Michi-
IFC Executive Council: Meeting,
4 p.m., Rm. 2 University Hall.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Firing,
7-9:30 p.m., ROTC range. A prone
match will be shot.
Deutscher Verein: 7:45 p.m.,
Rms. K. L. M, Michigan Union.
Prof. J. W. Eaton will speak on
"Vocations for modern language
students." French and Spanish
Clubs are invited.
La p'tite Causette 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, Michigan League.
AVC Meeting scheduled for to-
day has been postponed until next
Inter-Racial Association will
conduct a training session on the
Techniques of Action in Inter-
Group Relations, 7:30 p.m., Michi-
gan Union. Dr. Ronald Lippitt,
Director of the Research Center
for Group Dynamics, and Dr. T.
H. Newcomb, Professor of Sociol-
:gy and Psychology, will speak.
rhe public is invited.
The Daily accords its readers the1
privilege of submitting letters for
publication 'in this column. Subject;
to space, limitations, the general pol-1
icy is to publish in the order i which1
they a'e received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama.
tory character or such letters which1
for any other reason are not iigood
taste will not be published. 1 The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* " e
Help Our Band
To the Editor:
WHE HAVE HEARD from sev-
eral members of the Univer-1
sity Marching Band that "due to
finances" the band is not going to
Columbus for the Ohio State game
next week. That hurts!
Oh, how that Hurts! Can't you
just hear the Columbus-ites saying
"They're afraid! They're afraid of
being shown up!"
An article in a recent issue of
Life was a bitter blow to loyal
Michiganders. We in this House
are convinced that our marching
band is the finest band in the
land, Ohio State alumni groups
and Life notwithstanding. There-
fore, we are prepared to donate
$65 to start the band rolling.
How about the rest of you? If
all campus organizations, as well
as individuals, will climb on the
"Bandwagon," Michigan will be
assured of showing up Ohio State's
Band as well as their football
Remember-time is short! You
must act today! Let's make Life
eat that article!
-Alan J. Blair, for
Lambda Chi Alpha Frat.
* * * .
To the Editor:
Blessed be definition! Our ene-
mies are not really so numerous,
but they are clever with smoke-
screens, and in the half-light get
us to fighting each other. It is
convenient for our enemies, but
hard on s.
Take the question of commu-
nism, foiy; example. Big Business
would hale us believe that all lib-
erals are also communists. It serves
the purposes of Big Business beau-
tifully to have people believe that
the two things are synonymous.
Thus the full fury of the American
people will, if Big Business has its
way, be turned not only against
communists, but also against lib-
erals. It threatens to destroy the
one along with the other.
Of course Big Business does not
publicly put itself on record as
believing liberals are actually com-
munists, But privately they keep
saying it by innuendo. All of us
have heard alarmed statements
from Big Business to the effect
that "our universities are crawling
with communists, in student body
and faculties alike." The state-
ment makes no sense, of course,
unless by "communists" they mean
liberals. For everybody knows there
are not that many communists in
Now for the definitions-which
Big Business dreads to see drawn
up. What is a communist? What
is a liberal? What is the difference
between the two? A communist is
a person who has decided that it
is desirable to let Russia rule the
world, including America, rather
than let Americans run their own
country. A liberal, on the other
hand, is a person who would like
to see a better break for the com-
mon man and even a planned
economy, but not under Russian
auspices. However much the lib-
eral and the communist may see
eye-to-eye on economic policy,
there is still this enormous gulf
between them: the communist
wants Russia to rule America; the
American liberal wants America
to rule herself.
If the various "Un-American
Committees" which are mush-
rooming over our land would adopt
common sense definitions, they
would soon find that the real ene-
mies, the communists, are few and
far between, and that most of the
mud the committees have been
slinging rather indiscriminately
has been an outrage against those
liberal citizens upon whom the
nation must depend for social lro-
gress and well-being in the years
* * *
Where Is He?
To the Editor:
With all this talk here about the
phenomenal "Campus Cop," who
nails you the first time you drive
a car on campus and never fails,
I think it might be interesting to
note that he doesn't see so well in
the daytime. Almost every day
this semester, there has been a
car parked at the end of the side-
walk between the Engine Arch and
the new East Engineering building.
It's usually the same black '39
Ford, so I assumed he hasn't been
notified yet. Now, here's the in-
teresting part . . . because that
car is there, I along with perhaps
five thousand others, am forced to
walk about that particular car four
times every day, six days a week.
That takes approximately ten
steps each time. Ten steps, times
four times a day, times five thou-
sand people, times six days a week,
amounts to no less than one mil-
lion, two hundred thousand steps
a week. Assuming the usual thir-
ty-inch step, that is five hundred
eighteen miles. The average per-
son walks about three miles per
hour, which means that the owner
of this car has wasted 172.7 preci-
ous student hours per week. This
has been going on for seven weeks,
making 1208.9 hours wasted, plus
fifteen minutes' worth of my slide
rule's time. When apprehended,
this arch-criminal should be fined
one thousand, two hundred nine
dollars and fifteen cents.
Amazing, isn't it?
-F. G. Kelly
By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON - President Truman has
already made his bow, inconspicuously
but significantly, in his new role as the ac-
tive shaper of American foreign policy. Al-
most before the ballots were counted, he
wired to Washington from Independence,
Mo., that in his opinion the crisis in China
demanded positive American action. The
policy-making dovecotes were considerably
fluttered by the President's unexpected in-
The situation had been reviewed, how-
ever, before Truman's return in triumph
to the White House. Before his departure
for Key West, he issued his interim direc-
tive. It was a brief order that the Marine
garrison should not be withdrawn from the
Communist-threatened North China port
of Tsingtao, and that all steps should be
taken to get American arms to forces still
resisting the Communists in the North
The positiveness and the speed of thb
President's action are both worthy of re-
mark. For three years, the Far Eastern
policy of the United States has largely con-
sisted of alternate bouts of hand-wringing
and advice from the sidelines. The theory
that the best policy was, in effect, to have
no policy at all, was strongly held in the
Far Eastern division of the State Depart-
ment. It was also stoutly maintained by Sec-
retary of State George C. Marshall. Doubts
as to this theory's validity have only begun
to arise very recently, whertotal catastrophe
in China began to seem imminent. The Pres-
ident's intervention implies that a serious
search for a positive China policy will now
On the other hand, the particular steps
the President has taken emphatically do
not constitute such a policy. The Navy first
proposed evacuation of Tsingtao, to avoid
conflict with the Communist forces, as long
as six months ago. The Navy stand has been
strongly opposed by the Army.
only ventured to beard Secretary Marshall
in his den six months ago, instead of last
week, an American effort in China might
well have borne important fruit. While the
State Department stood for the policy of
having no policy, the Defense Department,
and especially the Army, continued six
months ago to advocate preventive American
action. Now, however, the China situation
has deteriorated to the point where even
those who used to plead most strongly for
action have begun to feel that American
intervention will be a waste of effort and
The gravity of this fact is hard to exagger-
ate. President Truman may want a positive
China policy, but a policy can hardly be
evolved, when even China's friends assert
that there is almost no hope.
Copyright, 1948, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.
THE DEMOCRATIC Party should accept
the states righters back with open arms
-providing, of course, that they accept Pres-
ident Truman's civil rights program.
Otherwise the Dixiecrats might better
play by themselves on the Gulf Coast and
South Carolina. It is quite clear that they
are not fond of the man from Missouri
and it is quite clear that the Democrats
manage pretty well without them.
That the Dixiecrats would like to see Harry
six feet under is proven by the very fact
that they formed their own little party.
That Truman won without the states-right-
ers shows how little he, needs them-and
they won't support his measures in Congress
Recent papers reveal two diverse trends
from Dixiecrat leaders. One is to set off
a firecracker under Truman by influencing
Truman electors to switch to Thurmond
in the electoral college voting.
The other is to holler for "party unity"
will meet at the home of its chair-
man, Mrs. Bertram Fulton, 1117
Church Street. For transporta-
tion, call Mrs. Steven Spear, phone
6408. Bring own pattern, scissors,
thread, etc. for glove-making
Art Cinema League presents
'Volpone" at 8:30 p.m., Thurs-
day, Friday and Saturday, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. All seats
reserved. Box office opens 3 p.m.,
Wednesday, phone 6300.
German Coffee Hour: Fri., Nov.
12, 3-4:30 p.m., Michigan League
Coke Bar. All students and facul-
ty members invited.
Roger Williams Guild: Work
party, 8:30 p.m., Fri., Nov. 12,
United World Federalists: Gen-
eral Meeting scheduled for Wed..
Nov. 10, will, be held on Nov. 17.
The Roundtable scheduled foi
Thurs., Nov. 11, has been con-
celed and will be held on Tues.
Delta Epsilon Pi, Hellenic Club:
Meeting, 7 p.m., Fri., Nov. 12, Rn
3B, Michigan Union. Students of
Greek descent and Phil-Hellene:
are invited. Election of Delegates
for the Thanksgiving Conventior
in Ann Arbor.
Young Progressives of America:
Dance, 7:30 p.m., Fri., Nov. 12
Jones Public School, 401 N. Di-
vision St. All are welcome.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In~ Control of
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor
Naomi Stern ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ....Associate Editor
Arthur Higbee ........Associate Editor
Murray Grant..........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey...Sports Feature Writer
Audrey fluttery...... Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Richard Hait.......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ....Circulation Manager
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Student Religious Association:
Social Action Department of
the Student Religious Association:
Meet at 1 p.m., Meditation Room,
Hospital Fellowship: Meet at 7
p.m., Chapel, University Hospital.
Theology Forum: Meet at 8:45
p.m., Lounge, Lane Hall.
U. of M. Dames: Sewing Group
He signed the agreement to let Idid try
you stay, Gus? Not a bad sort to thank
I Very peculiar... Leaving his car like that
as I approached him. But he did sign this-
_ _ _ IL -