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VOL, LIX, No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
: on in Congress
New Legislators To Face Problems
Of Taft-Hartley Bill and Civil Rights
WASHINGTON-')-The Democratic Party gained firm control
of Congress by electing 24 Senators, assuring themselves of 54 seats
and 257 Representatives (with 218 needed to control).
The returns brought a rush of questions today over the legislative
These 'subjects popped out as returns from Tuesday's voting gave
the Democrats a wide working majority of both the Senate and the
House after two years of playing second fiddle to the Republicans:
In State Race
host State Offices
ocrat G. Mennen Williams, Grosse
Pointe socialite and World War II
veteran, has won the governorship
of Michigan but both his "cabinet"
and legislature remained republi-
WILLIAMS, a 37-year-old cam-
paigner who had strong and ac-
tive support from labor, rolled up
a lead of 149,000 over Governor
Kim Sigler, the Republican who
was seeking his second term.
Early returns from heavily in-
dustrialized Wayne County gave
Williams' running :mates a lead
through most of the day, but by
nightfall the Republicans
seemed to have salvaged at least
three "cabinet" offices.
Stuart B. White, Republican
candidate seeking the Attorney
General's post vacated by Eugene
F. Black, trailed his Democratic
opponent-Stephen J. Roth-and
with 4,005 of the state's 4,202 pre-
cincts counted Roth held onto a
lead of 7,763 votes.
DEMOCRAT John W. Connolly
held a lead of 1,004,662 to 985,436
over Republican lieutenant gover-
nor Eugene C. Keyes.
But three other Republicans-
Secretary of State Fred M. Alger,
Jr., State Treasurer D. Hale Brake
and Auditor General Murl K. Aten
.-held onto leads that were slim.
The labor-led Democrats took
at least two seats held by the
GOP in the 80th Congress. They
made sizeable gains in the Re-
publican state legislature, but
not enough to give Williams a
Sen. Homer Ferguson gained a
second term only after a bitter
Srace with Democrat Frank Hook,
a former Ironwood congressman.
With ballot tabulations still
incomplete, Washtenaw County
anV Ann Arbor returned its in-
cumbent Republican office-hold-
ers with voting majorities of
slightly more or less than 2 to 1.
Forty-three of forty-eight
county precincts have reported.
The remainder will not.be tabbed
up until sometime today. Ann Ar-
b or's 10 precincts were all counted.
Rep. Earl C. Michener, won his
fight to retain the Second Con-
gressional District seat in the
House. He defeated Prof. Preston
. W. Slosson, 60,219 to 45,128 sweep-
ing Washtenaw, Lenawee and
Jackson Counties. Slosson took
Monroe by a few hundred votes.
One Democrat, Dr. William
H. Dickson, Sr., won the second
Others assured of victory were:
Jnn T. rcnrn e, fiaif Ta11l.
1. WHAT will happen to State
Rights Democrats elected to con-
2. Will the Taft-Hartley Law be
3. What will become of Presi-
dent Truman's Civil Rights Pro-
gram which split the Democrat-
ic Party wide open this election
4. How about taxes, inflation
curbs, and rent control on which
Mr. Truman differed sharply with
* * *
THERE WAS no talk, at least
publicly, of punitive action against
Southern Democrats who bolted
President Truman and backed
States Rights Presidential Can-
d~date J. Strom Thurmond of
The general belief was that
the regular Democrats would re-
ceive the straying Southerners
back in the fold and net deny
them their committee posts and
positions of party seniority.
The Civil Rights proposals
have another angle.
If they soft-pedal the anti-seg-
regation measures to mollify
southerners and win them back,
the Democrats will risk the ire of
many northern members who have
championed the legislation.
These include Senator - elect
Humphrey of Minnesota, at whose
insistence the 1948 Democratic
Convention approved a strong
civil rights program.
President Truman has shown
no signs of weakening in his stand
for Civil Rights measures.
* * *
REPEAL OF THE Taft-Hartley
Act is another Democratic cam-
paign promise. Whether enough
votes can be won to carry out that
pledge is debatable, for many re-
elected Democrats as well as Re-
publicans voted for the law in
Prospects were brighter for ac-
tion by the new Congress on infla-
tion curbs and rent controls.
President Truman repeatedly had
asked the 80th Congress to enact
some laws on these subjects and
Democrats backed him up futilely
against Republican opposition.
Republican failure to follow
his recommendations was one of
the reasons Mr. Truman called
the 80th one of the nation's
worst Congresses. Many of the
Republicans who helped block
the President's proposal won't
be around next year.
The President also opposed the
tax reduction law enacted by the
80th. Some Democrats want taxes
hiked in these days of high income
and a staggering national debt.
THE MARSHALL Plan, by
which billions in aid already have
been poured into the Stop-Com-
munism drive abroad, appears
headed for a future less stormy
than its past.
And Democratic House control
may affect the activities of the
House Un-American Activities
Committee, which President Tru-
man and other Democrats have
UWF To Hold
The role of nationalism in a
worl1 anvrnmnt will hc 4h tni
As Nation Rests
After Heavy Vote
By The Associated Press
Scrappy, underrated Harry Trumancaptured the presidential
election yesterday in one of the biggest upsets in America's political
And in the hour of his greatest triumph, the Democratic Party
gave him a solid, comfortable majority in both Senate and House.
It was a triumph which the little man from Missouri, standing
almost alone against the flood-tide of pre-election forecasts, had pre-
dicted with unswerving confidence.
* * *
DOWN TO DEFEAT went Thomas E. Dewey, trying for a come-
back along the road to the White House which invincible Franklin D.
Roosevelt blocked four years ago.
Down with him went Republican candidates in key congressional
races and gubernatorial contests.
They went down fighting, in the toughest presidential battle
since Woodrow Wilson squeezed out Charles Evans Hughes in
1916. Dewey conceded defeat at 10:15 a.m., Central Standard Time,
The popular vote lagged behind the record total of more than
50,000,000 that had been expected. And there wasn't much chance it
would climb to a new mark.
EARLY LAST NIGHT reports from 87 per cent of the polling
places, 117,872 out of 135,858, put the total at 43,296,211. It was split
Truman 22,031,686, Dewey 20,217,515, Thurmond 839,025, Pro-
gressive Candidate Henry A. Wallace 1,019,150.
AS DEWEY LOST, he called out to all Americans to "unite" be-
hind the man who beat him and behind "every effort to keep our
nation strong and free and establish peace in the world." Dewey indi-
cated his second defeat for the Presidency may well be his swan song
He told a news conference flatly he would not run for the
White House again.
By RELMAN MORIN
WASHINGTON-(P)-A simple and friendly man with blue eyes
and side-winding smile had performed a miracle today.
Months ago, from the very first, people were saying it would take
a miracle, and nothing less, to return Harry Truman to the White
House. His party was broken and disintegrating. There were men
within its ranks who disavowed him and tried hard to find another
candidate. No President, assailed from within and without, ever went
into the fight under such handicaps.
* * * *
AND THE ODDS were increased by the power of his opponents
supported by a smooth, efficient and swift-moving machine.
Yet Harry Truman won the election.
His victory is without parallel or counterpart in the history
of the Presidency. It was a valid and genuine political miracle.
But this miracle can be explained.
The President promised to support farm prices. He also promised
assistance in obtaining storage for their products.
In the same way, he reminded industrial workers that he had ve-
toed the Taft-Hartley Act, and is still opposed to it.
But beyond these things-and this is the major part-it appears
that Harry Truman, a simple and friendly man, simply won his way
into the hearts of the people he met in his zig-zagging trail around
the country. One of his intimates, who was almost as astonished as
any outsider by the victory, put it this way:
"YOU JUST can't explain it in anyother way. People liked him.
He spoke their language. They called him 'Harry,' and they liked the
way he talked and acted."
And so, Harry Truman, the man who couldn't win, will return to
an astonished Washington. He has achieved the impossible, in some
measure because of his attitude toward Farm and Labor issues.
But mainly because he is a friendly man who made people like
Campus Expresses l00m,
joy, and Surprise at Upset
Campus reaction to Tuesday's election ranged from deep gloom
to wild exuberation yesterday, but underlying all sentiments was an
almost unanimous feeling of surprise at the outcome of the presiden-
* * * *
STUDENT political leaders expressed varied opinions concern-
ing the victory of President Truman.
Expressing the jubilation of the Young Democrats, Harry
Albrecht said, "despite the unanimous adverse opinion of the
press and pollsters, the people have shown their inherent ability to
think clearly and vote with wisdom."
He added that he thought the election reflects a repudiation by
President-Elect Harry S. Truman
Endorsement of the activities of
the Committee Against the Ban
was given last night by the Stu-
The CAB, composed of SRA,
NSA, IRA, and AVC, is working
for the repeal of the Regents ban
on political speakers.
* * *
SL ALSO VOTED to join with
IRA in issuing a series of three
leaflets on racial discrimination in
President flair Moody an-
nounced a special session of the
legislature to be held Nov. It
in the Union to hear Michigan
graduate Ralph M. Carson, for-
mer President of the Oxford
Union discuss the possibilities of
creating a similar institution on
Varsity Committee Chairman
Bob Ballou said that an open
meeting would be held soon to
dliscuss thhematter of basket hall
Democrats Reap Profits
SAs Election Bets Pay Of f
Faith in their party paid off for
some Democrats who reaped in the
fruits of their election bets yester-
Among the members of the
Young Democrats Club who took
advantage of the odds against Tru-
AVC To Deba te
On Civil Rights
AVC will hold a public forum
on "Civil Rights and You" at 7:30
p.m. today in the Allenel Hotel.
Speakers will discuss the civil
rights question in the United
States today, with particular em-
phasis on the indictment of the
12 Communist leaders.
* * *
man were Frank Butorac and Bob
* * *
BUTORAC collected from a 100-
to-1 long shot bet on Truman. He
paid one dollar and received $100.
Although Hill's bets were not
as spectacular, he also raked in
Liquid remuneration consisted
of five quarts of whiskey for
THE OWNER of a campus ham-
burg hangout will be minus his
establishment if Young Democrats
take him up on his election bet.
He said that if Truman won
he would unqualifyingly relin-
quish his store.
What the gentleman doesn't
know is that the winners of the
het are all senior lawyers who
Power position in the Soviet is
still too weak from the devasta-
tion of the last world conflict to
face another global war according
to Russell Anderson who spoke
last night at the Kellogg Audito-
Anderson, foreign news editor
for the McGraw-Hill World News,
declared that the end of World
War II saw the Russian economic
potential reduced to omny 25 per
cent that of the United States.
UNITED STATES steel output
is four times as great as that of
the Soviet and its electric power is
almost five times that of the Rus-
sian capacity, he said.
Soviet international tactics
are based on trying to sustain
a turbulent world to prevent
world rehabilitation, Anderson