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Voice of America
AS THE PRESIDENTIAL race "enters its
final week, both the major candidates
as well as the American public seem fairly
unified on the principal of a bi-partisan
Americans are convinced that they must
take the leadership which is theirs in
world affairs. And the public in general
seems to agree that our foreign policy
must no longer be swayed by special
groups and factions.
While unified in principal, however, the
"Voice of America" will probably continue
to express contradiction and confusion as
long as certain American officials are per-
mitted to go abroad and orate on the sit-
Too often, these officials set out know-
ing in advance what they intend to see.
They go with their eyes and ears firmly
stopped, and all their prejudices neatly
filed away in their minds for handy ref-
Then after taking a "comprehensive" view
of the situation, they spout off their pre-
conceived notions giving the impression
that they are expert authorities. Americans
and Europeans alike receive their opinions
as official ones.
One of the most obvious examples of this
blundering is Rep. John Taber, (Rep., N.Y.).
It is a sorry enough commentary on our
government that a group of economy-mind-
ed up-state New Yorkers can continue to
send Rep. Taber to Congress; and that an
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: GEORGE WALKER
out-dated Congressional seniority ruling can
make him the chairman of the powerful
House Appropriations Committee.
After a brief tour of Europe late last
year, Rep. Taber said, "Generally speaking
the people of Etirope are not working as
hard or going at things as vigorously as
they should." He seemed to overlook the
fact that a long hard war might be respon-
sible for sapping the Europeans of their
"vigor." And also that about a dozen changes
in government since the war's end in a na-
tion like France is not exactly conducive
to the highest type of ambition.
Taber also did his best to assure Amer-
icans that ERP was a waste of the tax-pay-
ers money when he said, "I have seen no
group that appears to be underfed."
The increase in burglaries and thefts in
Germany, for instance, might lead us to
side with the other interpreters of the
situation there who tell us that many
Germans are forced to rob and raid gar-
bage pails in order to live.
Rep. Taber did offer some constructive
advice, though. He felt that the people of
Germany should devote themselves to the
raising of beans, which would provide them
with nourishing food and save us from trans-
porting food to them.
It is men like Taber who make America
appear like a "fumbling giant" before the
Perhaps we should test the "vision" of
all American officials when they apply
for visas to travel abroad. Or better yet,
perhaps we can try to imnprove the vision
of certain voters.
As it looks now though, Taber will prob-
ably continue in office, enlivened with the
prospect of practicing what he calls "real
economy" under a Republican administra-
OKLAHOMA'S Attorney-General has just
worked the most amazing bit of legal
He's managed to change gold to dross--
something we doubt that even medieval al-
chemists would approve.
Last weekend he advised the University
of Oklahoma president that just because
the university had already admitted one
Negro under a Federal court ruling, that
didn't mean it had to take another.
On October 13, after a bitter court fight,
G. W. McLaurin, a Negro, entered the uni-
versity. He wanted to get his doctor's degree
in education, and the state's only Negro
college doesn't offer that course.
So a Federal court declared that Mc-
Laurin had a perfect right to go to school
-that the state must provide equal edu-
cational facilities for Negroes.
The people who had fought for the edu-
cational rights involved must have been
feeling pretty good about the victory. A
precedent had been set. The South was
moving ahead, slowly but surely.
True, the university wasn't being a very
good sport about it. It let McLaurin attend
classes, but he had to take his lecture notes
in an anteroom. And he had to eat in a
special room, all by himself.
The civil rights supporters must feel a
little frustrated now, however,-and so,
no doubt, is Mrs. Mauderie Hancock-Wil-
son. She, like McLaurin, is a Negro. And
she, too, seeks advanced education-her
master's degree in sociology.
But Mac Q. Williamson, the state Attor-
ney-General, has donned his alchemist's
robe, and scrambled the court's findings in
his bubbling cauldron. Presto-chango-he
finds that the ruling applies only to Mc-
Laurin's case and does not affect "other
Negroes similarly situated."
So it looks like the people who are fight-
ing for educational rights, and who are
unequipped with Williamson's brand of
magic, will have to get back to work. Ev-
ery time a Negro wants to get an educa-
tion in Oklahoma, he may have to fight
It's as though every Michigan woman from
Madelon Stockwell's time on had had to go
to court before she could enter the Univer-
sity. The issue is no longer one of sex, but
of race. But the principle is the same.
A court has ruled that Negroes shall have
equal rights to education-and we hope an
Oklahoma prestidigitator isn't going to
At theMichigan.. .
INFERIOR DECORATOR with Donald
Duck, also THE WALLS OF JERICHO
with Cornell Wilde and Anne Baxter.
THE PROGRAM at the Michigan this week
features one of Hollywood's most fa-
mous cartoon stars in one of his most superb
releases of recent times.
Also pleasing to the viewers were the
Dewey Story and the newsreel pictures of
our lads trimming Northwestern. They
all deserve their equal billing on the mar-
quee with the feature, only they don't
last so long.
Frankly, folks, we've never seen a four-
sided triangle, and we don't believe it even
when Hollywood tries to show us one. Wilde
is the good guy married to an alcoholic,
played by Ann Dvorak, only to be pursued
by Anne Baxter and heckled for personal.
reasons by Linda Darnell.
All the players try like HELL with their
parts, but just can't make anything out of
a plot coming from a ouija board. To those
of you who shun the films we praise and
go see the ones we pan, we double dare
you to try this one.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
T HE LOCAL movie houses deserve a thank-
ful sign of recognition from University
officials. The films booked recently have
been of such a low caliber that many us
have been forced to study for lack of any-
However happy this state of affairs
may make the administration, the movie
people may sadly discover that sooner or
later their patrons may get out of the
movie-going habit completely. We are
sure that better films aren't bypassed for
the B jobs we've been getting lately. The
truth of the matter is that for every good
picture produced, Hollywood puts out sev-
The situation is not- hopeless. Both the
commercial movie houses and the Art Cin-
ema League seem to be ignoring a fertile
field of potential wealth. There is a rich
pool of excellent old movies for which most
of us would gladly plunk down four bits to
The Academy winning films of bygone
days, old Chaplin comedies, Garbo pic-
tures, Rudolph Valentino epics, musicals
on the Wizard of Oz order would be a
much stronger temptation to us than
what we've been getting.
Perhaps the Art Cinema League could
distribute questionnaires at one of their
shows to determine what sore of response,
revivals would get and what revivals would
be the most popular. It's certainly worth a
try. A good movie will always be good.
CHARLES MUENCH and the Orchestre Na- The program opened with the Fantastic
tional de France showed last night what Symphony of Berlioz, in which Muench's fre-
variety of musical color and interpretive quent acceleration of tempi raised the drama
finesse a great ensemble is capable of pro- andnteity of temworaihpitch,
jecting. and intensity of the work to a high pitch,
The orchestral balances at first sounded but even more fascinating than the poig-
unusual to those habituated to the heavier nancy thus created was the magnificent con-
German orchestras of our country. A large ception of the irony and sarcasm that form
factor in this difference is the handling of an integral part of the symphony.
the brass section, which in the French After the Toccata of Piston, Muench con-
tradition frequently supports either the
woodwinds or strings instead of function- ducted Debussy's Iberia. The orchestra
ing as a distinct unit. The quality of the played this impressionistic work with a won-
brass tone is much less ponderous and over- derful shimmer of color, sharply contrasted
whelming, and thereby allows a sharper in- rhythms and subtle nuances, that over-
terplay with the other sections.. The sound whelmed the listener with its vivacity and
is less opulent than that of any orchestra brilliance.
of the German tradition, but it has a much The evening of brilliant musical perform-
more brilliant tone. The woodwinds must be ances was concluded with Dukas' The Sor-
singled out. The virtuosi of this section play cerer's Apprentice, played with the humor
with tonal precision and clarity rarely en- and charm of this inimitable organization.
countered in such magnitude. -R. E. Matlaw.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Force and Derocracy -
(Continued from Page 2)
compositions in the Theory of
Orientation Seminar: 4:30 p.m.,
Wed., Oct. 27, Rm. 3001 Angell
Hall. Mr. Kenneth Wood will dis-
cuss Factor Analysis.
Organic Chemistry Seminar:
Mr. David Howell will speak on
the subject, "The Structure of the
Methochloride of Bebeerine, a
Curare Alkaloid." Rm. 2308 Chem-
istry Bldg., Tues., Oct. 26, 7:30
p.m. Note temporary change in
Composers' Forum Concert un-
der the direction of Ross Lee Fin-
ney, Visiting Professor of Com-
position, at 8:30 Wednesday eve-
ning, October 27, Rackham As-
sembly Hall. The program will in-
clude works by student composers
Louis Dean Nuernberger,CFred-
erick Truesdell, Edward Chuda-
coff, and LeRoy Eitzen, present-
ed by Millard Bush and Robert
Henderson, pianists, Michael Polo-
vitz, clarinetist, and Joan Bullen,
The general public is invi ed.
Seniors, School of Education:
Class organization meeting, 4 p.m.,
Rm. 2432 University Elementary
School. All members of the sen-
ior class are urged to be present.
Ann Arbor Library Club: First
meeting, Tues., Oct. 26, 7:45 p.m..
Clements Library. Dr. Frank E.
Aeronautical Enginering D-
partient sponsors a joint meeting
of the Institute of the Aeronauti-
cal Sciences, American Society of
Civil Engineers, American Socie-
ty of Mechanical Engineers and
the American Ordnance Associa-
tion. Dr. J. H. Wayland, director,
Underwater Ordnance Division,
Naval Ordnance Test Station, In-
yokern, California, will speak on
the subject, "The Variable
Launching Tube for Aerial Torpe-
does at Norris Dam" (illustrated),
7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphithea-
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Full rehearsal of chorus and prin-
cipals, 7:15 p.m., Michigan League.
The room will be posted.
Pershing Rifles: Business meet-
ing and drill, 7 p.m., ROTC Ri1.
Range. Business: Collection of ci-
tation cards, dues, pledging plans.
Quarterdeck Society: 7:30 p.m.,
Rm. 3R, Michigan Union. Cap-
tain Morgan, guest speaker, will
lecture on "Practical Ship Opera-
IFC Open Meeting. Subject:
"The 2.4 scholarship proposal and
its meaning to fraternities. " All
alumni invited to attend. Room
3 K-L-M, Michigan Union, 7:30
p.m., Tues., Oct. 26.
Letters to the Editor ...
Lane Hall lounge. Topic: "Major
Square Dance group: 7 p.m.,
Lane Hall basement.
University of Michigan Dames:
Interior Decorating Group, 8 p.m.,
Hussey Room, Michigan League.
Prof. G. B. Brigham, of the Art.
School, will speak on the subject,
"New Ideas In House Design."
Chairman, Mrs. George Luther,
I.Z.F.A.: Tuesday study group
will meet at 7:45 p.m., Rm. 3A,
Michigan Union. Topic: "History
Polonia Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., International Center. Stu-
dents of Polish descent are re-
quested to attend.
Christian Science Organization:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
Wallace Progressives: Member-
ship meeting, 7:30 p.m., Michigan
1) The Strength of the Progres-
2) The Roosevelt Perkins Case
and its Connection with Restaur-
ant Discrimination in Ann Arbor.
3) Report by the Political Ac-
tion Committee on the results of
last week's canvassing and plans
will be made for this week.
4) Report on the results of the
Repeal the Draft Petitions.
Americans for Democratic As-
tion: Films, nomination of offi-
cers, program for the semester,
7:30 p.m., Michigan Union. All
Engine Council Meeting: 7:30
p.m., Wed., Oct. 27, W. Engineer-
American Society of Heating
and Ventilating Engineers pre-
sents Mr. Sterling Sanford of De-
troit Edison Co. who will speak on
"The Heat Pump," 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., Oct. 28, Rm. 229 W. En-
gineering Bldg. Open meeting.
American Institute of Electri-
cal Engineering and Institute of
Radio Engineers, Joint Student
Branch: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Wed.,
Oct. 27, Rm. 348 W. Engineering
Bldg. Mr. R. R. Barnes of the
Michigan Bell Telephone Co. will
speak on "The Transistor" and
"Bell 'System Transmission of
Television by Wire and .Micro-
wave." The proposed changes in
the by-laws will be voted upon.
Microwave demonstration. All in-
terested are welcome.
Pre-Medical Society: Meeting
7:30 p.m., Wed., Oct. 27, Rm. 3-G,
Michigan Union. Discussion and
movies: "Human Reproduction"
and "Medical Service Second to:
None." Everyone invited.
Modern Poetry Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Wed., Oct. 27, Russian
Tea Room, Michigan League. Dis-
cussion of Whitman's Influence.
Read Maddow's "The City," and
MacNeice's "The Kingdom," in
Oscar Williams Anthology.
English Journal Club: 7:45 p.m.,
Wed., Oct. 27, East Conference
Room, Rackham Bldg. "Belief in
Literature" will be discussed by
Mr. Manuel Bilsky of the Phil-
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, thergeneral po-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
To the Editor:
THE CIVIL and Political Rights
of a minority group are at
present threatened. It is incum-
bent upon the majority to defend
these rights as vigorously as pos-
sible in order to insure that they
themselves are not similarly at-
tacked. Consequently, the student
group of the Wallace Progressives
passed the following resolution
with a unanimous vote at their
meeting last week.
Be it resolved, that this organ-
ization, known as the Wallace Pro-
gressives of the University of
Michigan, hereby condemns the
action of the U.S. Department of
Justice, acting under presidential
order, for its indictment of twelve
leaders of the Communist Party
of the U.S.
We further resolve that:
(1) Advocacy of any idea that
does not constitute a menace to
our democratic procedures is a
(2) The charge of advocating
forceful and violent overthrow of
the Government, attributed to the
said Communist leaders, is unten-
able in light of the recent decisions
of the Supreme Court involving
Schneiderman and Bridges.
(3) This action threatens the
right of every legal political group
to exist unhampered by political
(4) This false and baseless ac-
cusation isgdesigned to promote a
greater degree of internal hysteria
and international friction. It is
an attempt to becloud the vital
election issues now at stake.
It is for these reasons that this
organization urges the recall of
this indictment and a return to
the democratic principles embod-
ied in our Constitution.
To the Editor:
I CAME 600 miles from home to
go to what is the finest uni-
versity in the Mid-West, perhaps
the finest in the country. Yet here
Weaver of the English Dept. All
those interested are welcome.
Sociedad Hispanica: Meeting 8
p.m., Wed., Oct. 27, Hussey Room,
Michigan League. Mr. John Long-
hurst of the History Department
will report on his recent trip to
Spain. An open discussion will
Delta Sigma Pi, Professional
Business Fraternity. Business
meeting and pledge meeting, 8
p.m,., Wed., Oct. 27, Chapter
Sigma Gamma Epsilon: Meet-
ing 12:15 p.m., Wed., Oct. 27, Rm.
3054 Natural Science Bldg. Mr.
John Lemish will speak on "The
Economic Geology of the Iron
Springs District, Utah."
American Veterans Committee:
Election of officers, 7:30 p.m.,
Wed., Oct. 27, Michigan Union.
Nominations will be accepted at
the meeting prior to balloting.
United World Federalists Gen-
eral Chapter Meeting: 7:30 p.m.,
Wed., Oct. 27, Michigan Union.
Agenda: Discussion of Plans for
the Peoples World Constitutional
Convention in 1950; Election of
delegates to the UWF National
Convention. Every member is
asked to bring at least one new
I.Z.F.A.: Wednesday study group
7:45 p.m., Wed., Rm. 3 B Michigan
Union.. Topic: "History of Zion-
Women of the University Fac-
ulty: Afternoon Tea, 4-6 p.m.,
Wed,. Oct. 27, Rm. D, Michigan
University of Michigan Dames:
Drama Group will meet at 8 p.m.,
Oct. 28, at the home of Mrs. Jonas
Kristinsson, 1032 Vaughan. Mrs.
Gordon Keister will conduct the
meeting in the absence of the
chairman, Mrs. Cameron Mere-
dith. Plans for the play to be
presented by the group in the
I find a strangely paradoxical sit-
On the one hand there is the
theory that "university" stands for
exploration into all fields of hu-
man knowledge and interest,hby
a free exchange of thought and
information. Theoretically, society
has established these institutions
in order that the individual may
be trained to take a place in so-
ciety beneficial both to the society
and to the individual.
And then I come face to face
with these problems. 1. The Polit-
ical Speakers' Ban. Reason given:
The University cannot endorse any
political party. The result: The
geneial political discussions on
the diag which were enlightening
to many because all shades of
opinion were represented -were
stopped. 2. The recent change in
the WES, to the effect that courses
in industrial economics and col-
lective bargaining have been elim-
inated in favor of courses in fine
arts, music and literature. Reason
given: None. The result: The op-
portunity for courses in industrial
economics and collective bargain-
ing, though enlightening to many,
has been taken from the worker.
Can anyone deny that open dis-
cussions of politics are of great
interest and value to the student,
and that courses in economics and
collective bargaining are of great
interest and value to the worker?
-How can the Political Speakers'
Ban and the recent changes in
WES be reconciled with the above
defined concept of "university"?
-Curtis L. Mann.
* * *
To the Editor:
CONGRATULATIONS to Miss
Barbara Dewey for wanting to
May I suggest the following
sources for non-partisan informa-
tion : (1) "The Civic Searchlight,"
published by Detroit Citizens
League, 1022 Dime Building, De-
troit 26 Michigan; (2) "Report on
Candidates," prepared by League
of Women Voters ofMetropolitan
Detroit, 226 Hammond Building,
Detroit 26, Michigan; (3) voting
records of incumbents, as pub-
lished in Detroit newspapers.
To the Editor:
THE DISMAL thing about things
that are lost in the classified
advertising lost and found column,
is that they never get found. I
'spose many times they are, but
we readers would never know about
There ought to be a line of ac-
knowledgment to indicate it was
found and we could rest in blessed
L7, 4 r
--T. A. Hunter.
* * *
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
WE ARE engaged at the moment in a
search for a democratic philosophy
of force. Our arms budgets grow bigger
every year, and we now need a philoso-
phy of freedom which includes huge an-
nual arms budgets, a standing army, and
a belief that the great issues of this world
will, in the end, be decided by power,
either its possession or its use. The ef-
fort to develop such a philosophy is
rather a new enterprise in the intellectual
history of democracy. Undoubtedly it can
be done, for philosophy, unlike medicine and
plumbing, is a field in which anything can
be done. But we are finding some difficul-
ties along the way, and it might be impor-
tant to lay out the intellectual problems
which seem to be arising.
One such is our feeling that our cause
must triumph because it is just, but that
it can triumph only if we build up the
superior physical power. On the philoso-
phical level (and this whole piece is on
the philosophical level, as anybody can
plainly see) this can only mean that our
peace, whereas once, of course, it used to
We come now to a more severe difficulty,
which is that we consider our cause to be
just because in our country everybody is
allowed to think as he pleases, yet the build-
ing up of great military power depends pret-
ty much on everybody thinking alike. The
pressures toward conformity become vast
and angry, and we reach a situation in
which we very nearly insist on everybody
thinking alike in support of the military
force and foreign policy we consider we need
in order to preserve our right to disagree
with each other. I do not say this is un-
reasonable, because after all, I am not ter-
rified of inconsistencies, regarding them as
being quite as real a part of the world as
consistencies, but I do say that this is a dif-
ficult kind of position to maintain, and that
it makes for trouble.
Finally we come to what might be called
the problem of the enlarged conclusion.
This consists of jumping from a two-ounce
premise to a two-ton line of action. If no-
bodlv is arnminp' veriv much.i then the. fact
At the State ... 4
BEYOND GLORY, with Alan Ladd and
Donna Reed. -'
IF YOU ENJOY Alan Ladd, you'll enjoy
It's his picture all the way, and it's not
unlikely that the screen play was custom
made for his benefit. We always did view
Ladd as being craftsmanlike to a fault;
and here--for a change-his precise and
passionless acting looks good.
It's the necessarily moving story of a
veteran firmly convinced that he is to
blame for the death of another soldier.
Ile is brought out of his psychotic state
of obsession through the compassion of
the soldier's widow and by a hitch at
Although the plot is somewhat encum-
bered with flashbacks and occasionally te-
dious dialogue, the sincere and unpreten-
tious jobs turned in by Ladd and Miss Reed
.save the picture from being another of
Hollywood's emotional false alarms. Both
stars seem convinced that they have been
handed a fine theatrical chance, and they
have doubtless made the most of it.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ................City Editor '
Naomi Stern........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ... .Associate Editor
Arthur Higbee ........Associate Editor
Murray Grant..........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Busseyt....Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery...... Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Richard Hait......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .....Finance Manager
Cole Christian ....Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Club Europa: Meeting,
p.m., International Center.
Square Dancing Class: Spon-
sored by the Graduate Outing
Club 8 p.m., W.A.B. Everyone wel-
come. Admission charge.
Discussion Group: 7:30 p.m.,
osophy Dept. and Miss Catherine spring will be discussed.
A PTA delegation. delayed me! Brought
me this agreement to sign! To sell part
w 1 - . L- -- -- - .*1 L.-.._
Yes! Too close! As t told that
delegation as I ordered it out,
7 7 . / I'