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The Great Compromise
MICHIGAN WORKERS can now have
their fill of the better thinO in life--
art, music, and literature.
And this, apparently, can be attained
by merely sacrificing the unnecessary and
shockingly uncultural courses in basic eco-
nomic problems and practices offered until
now by the University Workers' Educa-
The courses were suspended this fall, by
the Board of Regents, subsequent to charges
that they taught "Marxist ideas." However,
after their meeting last week, the Regents
announced that the courses would be con-
tinued. They listed the following objectives:
"to offer additional opportunities for general
education; to equip workers more adequately
for the exercise of rights and responsibilities
of citizenship in a democracy."
Now, it seems, that to carry out these
objectives, the training explanations de-'
signed to clearly define to the worker his
place in the production process and so-
ciety will be replaced by courses designed
to abet. music and art appreciation.
ALTHOUGH THERE have been no official
announcements as to the course content
of the revised program, this "switch" from
"practicality" to "culture" seemed very prob-
able when Arthur E. Elder, director of the
service, was summarily dismissed.
Elder was notified Tuesday that his office
was "abolished," because the service, now
titled the "Experimental Program in Adult
Education for Workers" was to be changed in
direction and emphasis. The service will now
be a part of the general program of ex-
It may be safely assumed that Elder was
not dismissed because of any incompetency
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by inembers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
on his part. No person in the labor educa-
tion field can be better qualified to direct
a workers' education service.
Elder is president of the Michigan Fed-
eration of Teachers and vice-president
of the National Federation of Teachers. Ile
is a member of the board of directors of
the American Labor Educational Service
and of the executive board of the Workers
Educational Bureau. Moreover, he is tax
consultant to the American Federation of
He was selected to direct the University
workers' courses by a committee including
two University representatives, two represen-
tatives of the public and a representative
from both the CIO and the AFI2.
And if Elder is so well qualified for the
position, his dismissal forces one to the con-
clusion that the "know-the-score" courses
in the service, the practical application
training, will either be dropped or thorough-
SINCE HIS APPOINTMENT, the Michigan
courses have been used as a pattern for
similar programs in over 50 American edu-
cational institutions. The Michigan program
has been hailed by political leaders in both
parties and by labor leaders and educators
as the most progressive, comprehensive and
effective program of its kind.
But it looks like all this was overshadowed
when Adam Stricker, a minor General Mo-
tors official, howled "BIAS" before a Con-
gressional investigatory committee.
And it looks .very much as though the
charge by Victor Reuther and August
Scholle that "no amount of double-talk
can now conceal the complete submergence
of the Board of Regents and Gov. Kim
Sigler to the General Motors Corp." was
In any case, it looks like workers' educa-
tion will be headed towards the heights of
culture, far from the collective bargaining
agreement. And it's certain the Beethoven
Fifth and Whistler's Mother won't teach the
worker how to read a company's financial
NIGHT EDITOR: LEON JAROFF
Great Books Course
HUMANITIES, the University's great
books course, has proven its worth.
When it was added to the literary college's
curriculum last year, it met with enthus-
iastic approval from its class-members. They
found that, it not only introduced many of
them to their first comprehensive reading of
the classics, but it also aided almost all of
them in their other courses.
Yet, in this year's official bulletin, the
ridiculous statement that "the course will
be chosen as an elective and will not
satisfy group requirements" again appears.
Greek 165, a course in Greek mythology
which is taught in English, satisfies these
requirements. On the other hand, Humani-
ties, in which the student studies transla-
tions of Thucydides, Homer, Plato, Aristotle,
Sophocles, and Aeschylus, does not.
Does this make sense?
Many a first-year student who would
like to take Humanities feels he should
fulfill his group requirement first. In
doing so, he forfeits his only opportunity
to include the great books course in his
studies, for it is offered only to freshmen.
Others, who are cramming twelve hours of
science or social science into their sophomore
year, feel that Humanities was well worth
the extra effort they are expending now.
There is little question but that it is
worth the added effort, but why should a
student be required to put forth this effort
to take a course which is one of the best
at the University?
Does the Administration think it is a
"snap" course? Do they feel that, if it ful-
filled group requirements, it would become
a "catch-all" for students too lazy to study
history 11 or political science? Any student
who has read or is reading his thirty to fifty
pages of classics each night can assure them
that it is definitely not an easy course.
They recognize the importance of the
course. They wonder why it's being buried.
-Betty Lou Jockwig.
IN TIPPING our hat to UN Week, not only
a world body working overtime for peace
should get our attention but also the very
fact that an international organization
For it's amazing to note how long it takes
what later seems to be a simple and obvious
concept to become widely accepted.
At one time battles were conceived as a
shooting contest between two colorfully-
clad armies on some empty lot convenient-
ly far from the rest of the people; at one
time thirteen states were conceived of -as
We seem to have rid ourselves of the
first conception; we have at least some vague
idea of what an atomic war could be. But
our conception of a nation being the limit of
effective government seems to be as quickly
coming out of date as the thirteen countries
The idea of world government as an in-
evitable thing is what must be conveyed
to the citizens of a powerful country in an
atomic age. Thus the paramount work of
the UN Week publicity and the constant
efforts of such campus groups as the UN
Council and the United World Federalists
seems to be the diffusing of this concept.
For though world government may now
seem as improbable as a trip to the moon,
it is coming, ultimately, as surely as the
moon rules the tides.
FEAR AND APATHY are the two main
impressions you glean from watching
students pass the booth now on the diagonal.
A large sign at the booth urged those
who objected to the Regents' ban on polit-
ical speakers as "contrary to the sacred dem-
ocratic right of free speech, and the pro-
fessed objectives of higher education," to
sign petitions voicing this objection.
Surely, most students, regardless of their
political affiliations, if acquainted with
the facts, would agree with the protests
stated in the petition.
Yet, it is amazing how few are willing
to stop for a moment to affix their signa-
tures to the paper.
You can see the fear written in the
faces of many who are in accord with the
intentions of the petition, but who are afraid
of the possible consequences of their sign-
They are victims of a phobia that is so
real in the United States today as to be
terrifying. Look around-it's there in daily
scare headlines, in Olivet Colleges, in ar-
rests by the Attorney General, in loyalty
probes, and in expulsions from labor un-
ions and other organizations.
So obsessed are we with the fearsof losing
those precious freedoms for which we have
fought so hard and so long, and which we
are determined to retain at any cost, that
hysteria has set in. The hate mongers,
taking advantage of our upset, have succeed-
ed in injecting into our bloodstream a pois-
onous virus which has impaired our vision
and our thinking processes.
The result is that we are depriving
ourselves of the very freedoms that we
are afraid of losing to others. We para-
doxically infringe upon our rights of free
assembly, free speech, and free thought
to prevent others from so doing. Bitter
Fear is bad-apathy is worse.
"I don't care-what's the ban to me,"
is a retort heard all too frequently in re-
sponse to the request for a signature.
Or, "I don't think I want to sign today"
-or tomorrow, or the next day.
As democracy, if it is to survive and
thrive, is dependent upon an informed
electorate, so democracy is doomed to
wither and perish with an ignorant,
What's the ban to you-and you? No
more important probably than the refusal
of Ann Arbor's barbers to cut the hair of
Negroes, or the arrest of two men for
using a sound truck in Ann Arbor, a right
guaranteed them by the U.S. Supreme Court.
So these incidents don't affect you? No,
they don't-not NOW!
But what's the difference-so long as the
AP football poll rates Michigan No. 1?
A t the Michigan ...
RETURN OF THE BADMEN, with Ran-
dolph Scott, Anne Jeffreys, and Robert
AS HORSE OPERAS GO, this is fairly
Featuring the old familiar badmen and
boulder-strewn landscapes-and the well-
worn fundamental plot-it's exactly what you
would expect it to be. Randolph Scott, with
a doting female on each arm, blandly pur-
sues assorted dangerous characters - the
standout being Robert Ryan.
The main fault with this "thrill-loaded
avalanche of action"-as with most West-
erns-is that no one seems to know exactly
what he is doing. There is a great deal
of shouting and shooting and confusion,
but absolutely nothing of major dramatic
interest. There's never any doubt that
Randy will win the eternal fight for law
and order, but it's only by the grace of
stereotyped Hollywood procedure that his
bungling pays off.
Of special interest on this bill is a Para-.
.mount News special entitled "The Dewey
Story." Frankly presented on behalf of the
Republican National Committee, it is a
dandy little appeal to political lost sheep.
Coming next week: "The Truman Story."
Also ran--a rioutous cat, dog, and canary
At the State .. .
JASSY, starring Margaret Lockwood.
AFTER A NUMBER of recent jackpots, J.
Arthur Rank has rung up a three lemon
picture in "Jassy." Or possibly our English
friend has been seeing too many Hollywood
Against lavish, but slightly wobbly scen-
ery, enough fireworks and corruption come
off in the first reel to be stretched out
over four or five nineteenth century cos-
tume epics. Jassy, who has inherited a
handy talent for visions of tragic hap-
penings, gets a sneak preview on all the
drastic action, but the audience needs
must follow the camera on a quick round
of exhaustingly active scenes.
Things calm down a bit in the middle and
at this point Jassy has risen by her wits and
virtue from kitchen maid to mistress of the
loveliest manor in them thar moors.
Q9$ l F2-tr i..o ~
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of
the Assistant t, the President, Room
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the
day preceding publication (11:00
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1948
VOL. LIX, No. 28
Five-Week Grades for All Fresh-
man Engineers are due in Dean
Crawford's Office not later than
Sat, Oct. 30.
Faculty, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: The fresh-
man five-week progress reports
will be due Fri., Oct. 22, in the
office of the Academic Counselors,
108 Mason Hall.
. Football game broadcast enter-
tainments for the Minnesota game
have been authorized for Sat., Oct.
23, from 2:30-5:30 p.m. for the
Alpha Delta Phi, Beta' Theta
Pi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Fletcher
Hall. Hillel Foundation, Mosher
Hall, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Delta
Theta, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sig-
ma Chi, Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi
Epsilon, Theta Chi, Theta Delta
Chi, Victor Vaughan, Zeta Psi.
Approved student sponsored so-
cial events for the coming week-
Alpha Gamma Delta, Beta
Theta Pi, Congregational Disciples
Guild, Hiawatha Club, Kappa Al-
pha Theta, Phi Delta Chi, Sigma
Adams House, Alpha Delta Phi,
Alpha Epsilon Phi, Alpha Kappa
Kappa, Alpha Tau Omega, Beta
Theta Pi, Betsy Barbour, Chi Phi.
Delta Chi, Delta Kappa Epsilon,
Delta Sigma Delta, Delta Tau Del-
ta, Greene House, Hawaii Club,
Kappa Sigma, Lloyd House, Lu-
theran St. Assoc., Phi Kappa Psi,
Phi Gamma Delta, Phi Iota Alpha,
Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Rho Sigma,
Phi Sigma Kappa, Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, Sigma Phi, Theta Delta
Chi, Theta Xi.
Alpha Phi, Sherman House.
Registration for Teaching and
Students are reminded that to-
day, Fri., Oct. 22, is the last day
for securing registration material
It is important to register this
week as employers are already
asking for recommendations and
interviews will begin about No-
vember first. After this week reg-
istration blanks may not be tak-
en out until after November 15 and
a late fee of $1.00 will be charged
by the University. Office hours,
9 a.m.-12 noon, 2-4 p.m.
Bureau of Appointments and
University Lecture: "The Mid-
dle East and the International
Scene." Dr. J. S. Badeau, Presi-
dent of the American University
at Cairo; auspices of the Inter-
national Center and the Division
of the Social Sciences. 8 p.m., Fri.,
Oct. 22, Rackham Amphitheatre.
American Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Mr. Ernest C. Crocker, of
Arthur D. Little and Company,
will speak on "The Chemistry of
Perfumes and Flavors" 8 p.m., Fri.,
Oct. 22, Rm. 1300 Chemistry Bldg.
Sigma Xi Lecture, open to the
public. "Some Contemporary
Problems in. Hydrodynamics." (il-
lustrated). Dr. J. H. Wayland, Di-
rector, Underwater Ordnance Di-
vision, Naval Ordnance Testing
Station, Inyokern, Chlifornia;
auspices of the University of
Michigan Chapter, Sigma Xi. 4:15
p.m., Mon., Oct. 25, Rackham Am-
Doctoral Examination for Win-
ston Leigh Roesch, Education;
thesis: "The Theory and Practice
of Senior High School Adminis-
tration in Twelve Cities of Michi-
gan, Ohio and Indiana," 9 a.m.,
Sat., Oct. 23, 4019 University High
School. Chairman, A. B. Moehl-
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
4-6 p.m., Fri., Oct. 22, Rm. 319 W.
Medical Bldg. Subject: "Liver Pro-
teins." All interested are invited,
Electrical Engineering Depart-
ment Colloquium: 4 p.m., Fri.,
Oct. 22, Rm. 2084 E. Engineering
Bldg. Mr. John Niles will speak on
the subject, "Analog Computers."
Visitor's Night, Department of
Astronomy: 7:30-9:30 p.m., Angell
Hall (5th floor), for observation of
star clusters and double stars. Vis-
itor's Night will be cancelled if the
sky is cloudy. Children must be
accompanied by adults. (The last
Visitor's Night during the first se-
mester will be held on Nov. 12.)
Toledo Club: Swimming party
at the I.M. building, 7:30 p.m.;
will precede a dance to be held in
the A.B.C. Room, Michigan
League. All membzers invijted;
dates are optional.
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:30
p.m., Michigan League Coke Bar.
All students and faculty members
Union World Federation Public-
ity Committee: Meeting, 5 p.m.,
Michigan Union. Anyone inter-
ested in publicity work is invited.
Westminster Guild: Open house,
8-11 p.m., 3rd floor parlor, Pres-
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Sabbath Eve Service, 7:45 p.m.
Dr. Arthur Eastman will review
The Naked and The Dead, by Nor-
First Baptist Church: Open
house for its student friends, 8:30
Inter-Guild Council: 2:30-4
p.m., Sun., Oct. 24, Lane Hall.
Motion Picture: Art Cinema
League and University Famine
Committee present "Symphonie
Pastorale," 8:30 p.m., Sat., and
Sun., Hill Auditorium.
Graduate Outing Club: Meet
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this columqn. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *.
To the Editor:
THERE is just one man, who to-
gether with his Senate Inves-
tigating Committee, is saving and
protecting us common folk from
being crushed by the poWer of
You didn't know? Why, Homer
Ferguson said so the other night
on the radio. He sez he's been
knocking himself out getting the
facts on all of the things that the
government has been doing-near-
ly all of which wuz wrong.
You should have heard the
broadcast. If it hadn't beenhfor
Senator Ferguson we would have
already been crushed by "Big
Government" knocking itself out
trying to provide services to the
Senator Ferguson says that
we're awful lucky 'cause we can
vote for him and a whole flock of
Republicans who will protect us
from the government they will
He sounded real fine. If I hadn't
heard his Democratic opponent
Frank Hook ask a couple of ques-
tions the night before on the
same station, I could have settled
back and let Homer solve all of
my problems for me.
Mr. Hook asked about a couple
of Mr. Ferguson's investigations
of "Big Business." Hook said that
Homer had been suppressing a re-
port on $100,000,000 of Chrysler
Corporation's war contracts ever
since Homer's son-in-law Charles
R. Beltz had been given a Chrysler
agency. He said toothat veterans
like me who have malaria would
like to read Ferguson's report on
the Dutch quinine monopoly made
two years ago and not published.
The Senator didn't mention
these things last night in his
speech. Guess he was too busy
giving "Big Government" the
I reckon it weren't very polite
of Mr. Hook to raise questions
about the Senator's motives at a
time like this when what we need
is unity in our government, but
now that he has, I'd kinda like
to hear the answers.
Mr. Hook sez that Preston Tuck-
er paid $17,650 to stop the Sen-
ator's investigation of his com-
pany. Maybe that's the right way
to keep "Big Government" out of
"BigBusiness" but I wish that
Homer would explain it so's I can
To the Editor:
THE BASIC ISSUE confronting
the people of this country to-
day, is the question of war and
peace. The bi-partisan foreign pol-
icy of the Democrats and Repub-
licans is based on the thesis that
war between the USA and the
USSR is close and inevitable. We
Progressives believe' that the re-
sponsibility for ending the tragic
prospect of war is a joint respon-
sibility of the Soviet Union and
the United States. We claim that
there is no American principle or
public interest which would have
to be sacrificed to end the cold
war and'to assure peace.
The Progressive Party was
founded because Americans were
confronted with two old parties
having virtually the same pro-
gram. We believe that there is
room in this country for only one
such party. We have organized the
Progressive Party and have nomi-
nated candidates in order to offer
the voters a real choice in the
coming election. We will continue
to grow and nominate more candi-
dates in subsequent elections.
From a practical political point
of view, the Democratic Party na-
tionally signed its death warrant
when it surrendered to big bus-
iness and to the military. For two
years after Roosevelt's death, Wal-
lace fought to turn the Demo-
cratic Party once again on the pro-
gressive path. But an examination
of the record shows that the Dem-
ocrats are equally responsible with
the Republicans for high prices,
for trip to Pinebrook, 2 p.m., Sat.,
Oct. 23, Northwest entrance,
Rackham Bldg. For details call
Jack Jordan 5728.
Paiing Is Sunch Sweet Sorrow
Letters to the Editor
Taft-Hartley, rio housing, Jim
Crow, and for the present war
drive. The choice between the two
old parties is only the choice be-
tween different Wall Street and
Despite its recent record of re-
action, the Democratic Party still
claims to be liberal. But what will
happen if the Democrats win a
majority of congressional seats?
All committees would be controlled
by States' Rights Democrats, who
have seniority within the party.
If President Truman really means
what he is saying today, he would
vote for Wallace. All he has to do
is to look at his own record.
However, we in the Progressive
Party are practical. Wherever
there is a chance for a liberal
Democrat or Republican to win
against reaction, we are either
supporting the candidate, or offer-
ing no opposition, despite the ob-
vious loss of votes and organiza-
tional strength to our party. In
Michigan, we have nominated can-
didates neither for Governor nor
Senator, nor are we supporting the
candidates in the two old parties.
In an effort to aid even moderate
liberals while building the Pro-
gressive Party, we have nominated
candidates for Congress only in
those districts where a reactionary
victory is a certainty. For example,
in this congressional district, the
Republican incumbent has had a
40,000 vote plurality in the last two
elections, receiving twice as many
votes as his Democratic opponents.
But in the First and Twelfth
Congressional districts, where the
Progressives are actively support-
ing the Democratic candidates for
Congress, the Michigan Democra-
tic Party has threatened to with-
hold financial aid to its own can-
didates and has even suggested
that the candidates be expelled
from the Democratic organization
for receiving Progressive support.
Locally the Progressive Party has
received tremendous support. More
than 3,000 voters in this district
signed the petitions to place the
Progressives on the ballot. We are
already laying plans to nominate
candidates for the spring city and
township elections. We expect to
grow and to become the major
party in this area, because we
have a real people's program.
We have received offers of
"deals" but we refuse to aid in
rebuilding a dying Democratic
Party, which has repudiated lib-
eral principles, except in a few
local isolated areas. When we first
organized our Progressive Party,
we invited Preston Slosson, the
present Democratic candidate for
Congress, to leave the parties of
reaction, big business, and the
military, and to join us in our
fight for people's rights. Today, we
extend the same invitation to him
and to all liberals to join the Pro-
gressive Party in our work toward
human dignity and toward peace.
+ CINEMA +
At Hill Auditorium...
SYMPHONIE PASTORALE, with Pierre
Blanchar, Michele Morgan, and Line Noro.
(In French with English sub-titles).
IF YOU'RE in the mood for serious brain-
food, this is strictly the dish.
Andre Gide has written a penetrating
character analysis of several human beings
involved in the adoption of a blind waif by
a pastor's family. The girl's maturing loveli-
ness provides the initial complication.
So far, this may sound like the same
old maudlin rubbish. But-'tis not so.
Throughout the film, the situation (one a
psychiatrist might find interesting) is
treated with detachment. Although each
person's faults are mercilessly exposed, his
better side is fully treated, too. The result
is a compelling, disturbing picture which
will keep you fascinated from start to
finish-and even after, perhaps.
The acting (as in all the recent French
the film builds up to its inevitable climax.
An extraordinarily appealing work of art.
LITTLE THINGS sometimes mean a great
An analysis of the 1948 campaign buttons
of Messrs' Truman, Dewey and Wallace indi-
cate the policies of the three major parties
on American labor in general.
The "Work with Wallace" emblem has
a union label in plain view on its face.
The Progressive Party follows the old
New Deal line and is probably the best
friend of the insecure laboring man.
The Democrats, under Pretty Boy Harry,
do show the union label, but on the.side of
the button. If you're looking for it, you'll
find it. Very representative of Truman's
shaky labor policy in relation on labor laws
and support given the Taft-Hartley Act by
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harriett Friedman ...Managing Editor
Dick Maloy ...............City Editor
Naomi Ster ........Editorial Director
Allegra Pasqualetti ... .Associate Editor
Arthur Higbee ........Associate Editor
Harold Jackson ......Associate Editor
Murray Grant..........Sports Editor
Bud Weidenthal ..Associate Sports Ed.
Bev Bussey ...Sports Feature Writer
Audrey Buttery......Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ..................Librarian
Richard Hait .......Business Manager
Jean Leonard ....Advertising Manager
William Culman .....Finance Manager
Cole Christian .... Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all- news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regular
school year by carrier, $5.00, by mail,
Pshaw! They're driving away-
O'Malley! That was an architect! And a
builder! Planning horrible alterations!
He's coming back later. For a
conference with the new owner-