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February 19, 1948 - Image 1

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 94 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Legislature Names
Dutcher President
Other Cabinet Members Chosen
Include Miller and Klausner
David D. Dut'her, BAd, was elected president of the Student Leg-
islature last night at the first meeting of the spring term.
Dutcher, who is serving his second semester on the Legislature,
was co-chairman of the Cultural and Educational Committees last
term, and was the or:gmnator of the course-content student advisory
program, initiated this semester.
Other ofticers elected by the Legislature were Bill Miller, vice-
president; Penny Klavsner, recording secretary; Connie Converse,

i _. 1 1_--_o .

Chile Creates
Second Base
In Antarctica
British Protests Fail
To HaltExpansion
SANTIAGO, Chile, Feb. 18-(/P)
-President Gabriel Gonzalez Vi-
dela of Chile formally established
a second military base in the Ant-
arctic today in defiance 'of Brit-
ish protests.
Gen. Roman Canas Montalva,
Chilean Army Chief of Staff, was
quoted in a radioed press dispatch
as saying the action constituted a
step toward "building up Chile as
a Pacific power."
Dispatches received at the Pres-
idents office said the base
was established of Grahamsland,
which the Chileans call O'Hig-
ginsland after their famous sol-
dier-patriot of Irish descent, Ber-
nardo O'Higgins.
Pie-Faced Slice
In a speech on the frozen soil of
O'Higginsland, President Con -
zaler declared anew his nation's
claims to a pie-shaped slice of the
Antarctic extending all the way to
the South Pole. This would in-
clude not only O'Higginsland, but
the Southern Shetlands as well.
Chile's sovereignty over that
area was proclaimed by President
Pedro Aguirre Cerda on Nov. 6,
1940. He defined the area as ex-
tending all the way to the South
Pole from 53 to 90 degrees west
longitude.
Landed Yesterday
Gonzalez landed yesterday at
Port Sovereignty on disputed
Greenwich Island, where Chile has
a weather station. In a speech
there he indicated he would in-
voke the Western Hemisphere De-
fense Pact in support of Chilean
claims.
This line of thought was devel-
oped also today by Argentina,
which has claims to the British-
administered Falkland Islands 300
miles east of Argentina's coast,
and also to areas in the Antarctic
region. In some instances Chilean
and Argentine claims conflict.
The Argentine statement de-
fined the Falkland Islands and her
dependencies as part of the Inter-
American security zone.
Adler To yive
HistoryTalk
Prof. Mortimer J. Adler, of Chi-
cago University, will present the
Neo-Thomist view in the Lane
Hall lecture series on "The Inter-
pretation of History" at 8:15 p.m.
today in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Professor of the philosophy of
law at Chicago since 1930, Prof.
Adler will give the second lecture
of the series which will be con-
cluded Monday with an address by
Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr, of Union
Theological Seminary.
An author of many articles and
several books, Prof. Adler will ad-
vance the movenent began by
Catholic scholars to re-emphasize
the affinities of religion and phil-
osophy as proclaimed by Thomas
Aquinas. Two of Prof. Adler's lat-
est books are "A Dialetic of Mor-
als" and "How to Think about
War and Peace"
Hopwood Aw.ards
Freshman awards in the an-
nual Hopwood contest in crea-

tive writing will be presented in a
ceremony at 4:15 today in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.

" corresponding secretary, Wally
Weber, treasurer and Jean Gringle
and Norris Domangue, representa-
tives at large.
Dutcher will succeed Harvey
Weisberg, '50L, as president. In
relinquishing the chair to the new
president, Weisberg listed the gen-
eral functions of student govern-
ment, and outlined a group of
suggestions for Legislature action
this semester. He included sug-
gestions that the Legislature work
for better student representation
on various boards and commit-
tees composed of students and
faculty, that the Legislature be
brought before the student body
by the preparation of Legislature
booklets, Legislature training
course, open committee meetings'
and hearings and that papers on
student government be required
in primary English courses.
Appointed as Proxy
In line with a request of the
Student Affairs Committee, the
Legislature voted to appoint Weis-
berg as a proxy to one of the
Legislature members on the SAC.
A motion that the Legislature
participate in a mock United Na-
tions Assembly, to be held at the
University of Chicago next month,
was also passed by the Legisla-
ture last night. Three delegates,
to be selected by the Legislature
cabinet, will be sent to the As-
sembly.
Outside Speakers
Two outside speakers addressed
the group requesting that it back
a motion declaring in favor of'
passage of the Taft-Ellender-
Wagner Housing Bill, now before
Congress. The Legislature backed
the bill in principle, but declined
to delegate representatives to a
housing conference, to be held
this month.
A proposal to prepare a list of
speakers for a debate on civil.
liberties, to be sponsored by the
Legislature, was postponed for
consideration at a later date.
Members not present at the
meeting were Charles Gibbs, Gay
McGee, Janet Osgood and Charles
McKean.
Students Start
Organiz ation
Of Democrats
The 1948 election campaign will
get its campus sendoff today when
the students' branch of the Young
Democrats holds an organiza-
tional meeting from 7 to 8 p.m. in
the Union.
Wyn Price, student singer-gui-
tarist will offer a rendition of the
"Free and Equal Blues" to start
the meeting and the new organi-
zation on its way.
The Young Democrats, who
plan to support the reelection of
President Truman in November,1
will submit a draft constitutionz
before the membership. The con-
stitution, when approved, willI
serve as the basis of a formal bid
for University recognition.
In asking for recognition, thet
Young Democrats will break many;
years of precedent during which
no partisan political group has
sought official University sanc-
tion. The move is expected to be"
followed by similar requests from
supporters of other parties.
Committees on program, fi-
nance, membership and registra-
tion will be set up at today's meet-
ing.

LAURENCE OLIVIER
'Henry V' returns
* * *A
Film 'Henry V'
Begins Return
Engagement
Laurence Oivier's technicolor
production of "Henry V" will be-
gin its return engagement in Ann
Arbot at 3:15 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendessohn Theatre.
The film will be shown twice
daily today, tomorrow and Sat-
urday at 3:15 and 8 p.m. instead
of the times previously announ-
ced.
Supporting Olivier, the film's
star-producer- director, are a num-
ber of distinguished actors and
actresses includingaFelix Aylmer,
LeslieB anks, Robert Newton and
Renee Asherson.
Tickets for the film will be sold
at the box office from 10 a.m. to
10 p.m. today through Saturday.
Tickets are $1.80 and $1.20 for
the evening showings, $1.20 and
90 cents for the matinees.
Proceeds from the film will go
to the recentlyireactivated Stu-
dent Award Fund for students
who are activein campus affairs
but do not benefit from scholar-
ships.
Lawyers Call
Public Meetint
Edict Ille . a2
Latest attack on the newly
passed and highly controversial
city ordinance requiring mayoral
approval of all public gatherings
has been levelled by two Univer-
sity professors who charge uncon-
stitutionality.
In a statement appeaing in
"Thne Citizen's News," a publica-
tion of the Ann Arbor Citizens'
Council, Professors Paul G. Kaup-
ce' and Kenneth A. Cox, of the law
school cite a Supreme Court de-
cision in a similar case to back
their claim.
Cecil Creal, president of the
Ann Arbor Common Council, told
The Daily that plans for revision
of the ordinance are already un-
derway, and that it is generally
felt that it is impracticable in its
present form.
Explaining that the new ordi-
nance delegates unlimited power
to the Mayor'in granting or de-
nying permits for public gather-
ings and that the Mayor is "ap-
parently authorized to refuse per-
mission for any reason that may
seem suitable to him," Professors
Kauper and Cox pointed out that
a less restrictive ordinance was
declared a violation of the Four-
teenth Amendment by the United
States Supreme Court several
years ago.
Seek Parse Thief
A man who seized the purse
of Cecilia Anisku, II, last night
at the corner of East University
and Oakland is believed by po-
lice to have escaped in a stolen
car.ys

Engineers in
For Greater
Activity Plan
Council Stresses
Student Projects
The Engineering Council re-
ceived an overwhelming vote of
confidence for its plans to stimu-
late and coordinate activities and
projects for all engineering stu-
dents at a convention held last
night in The Union.
Student leaders who represent-
ed every engineering society on
campus attended the banquet and
meeting which followed it. Also
present were the officers of every
class in the engineering college.
Activity Cards Pay Off
Ev Ellin, president of the En-
gineering Council, and Saul Saul-
son, treasurer, together outlined
a program designed to encourage
student participation in extra-
curricular activities.
"We already have the funds,
and tonight we are building the
machinery to make the activity
cards sold to engineers last fall
pay off in the form of an inten-
sified series of projects, activities,
and social functions," Ellin said.
These will be designed to appeal
to every level of student interest."
Individual Responsibility
The foundation of the entire
plan is that each society will take
the responsibility for initiating
and carrying out at least one
project or affair this semester us-
ing the funds which the Engineer-
ing Council received from activity
card sales, he continued. The
Council will keep a complete
schedule of these events, seek to
coordinate all activities, and ren-
der all other possible assistance to
each group.
The convention voted unani-
mously to strongly petition the en-
gineering college administration
for office space to be used as a
headquarters by all the' societies.
It also approved plans to seek of-
ficial readoption of the Honor Sys-
tem in the engineering college,
The Engineering Council was
also authorized by the convention
to seek a clarification of the elec-
tive program in the engineering
college curriculum. It will also seek
wider publicity for meetings and
activities of each of its member
societies.
T aft-Hlartle y
Law Effect
Is Described

FIRE FIGHTERS DODGE FLAMING WALL-Firemen manning
a hose retreated as the front wall of the Graden Merchantile
Company store in Durango, Colo., collapsed at the height of a
downtown fire. Damage was estimated unofficially at $1,000,000.
An explosion preceded the blaze.
LOCAL PAIR HELD:
Professor Verifies Marijuan
found in Captured Cigarettes

Senate

Votes Cut

Unless Labor-Management

InFederalBur

re -

lations have completely broken
down, the Taft-Hartley Act is
completely ineffective for taking
collective bargaining disputes to
court.
This was the opinion expressed
last night by Dr. Harry Shulman,
labor relations umpire for the
Ford Motor Company in a talk
before the Economics Club.
"One of the difficulties of col-
lective bargaining agreements is
that they are called contracts," Dr.
Shulman said, pointing out that
workers' grievances are so varied
that a very flexible contract plus
a non-legalistic interpretation of
its provisions is necessary in day
to day negotiations, rather than
literal court interpretation.
Dr. Shulman predicted an in-
creased use by labor and manage-
ment of the umpire device for set-
tling disputes, because it "provides
an assurance to employes that
they can appeal policy decisions
by their superiors and get an im-
partial hearing."
He pointed out, however, that
the umpire's powers are strictly
"limited to interpretation and ap-
plication of the contract once it is
made."

Small bits of green material┬░
brought in yesterday by Ann Ar-
bor detectives were marijuana to
the expert eyes of Prof. Volney
H. Jones of the anthropology de-
partment.
Marshall Calls
'Peace Feeler'
Rumorsele Fe
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18-(A)--
Reports that Russia has been
putting out "peace feelers to the
United States have no foundation
in fact, Secretary of State Ma'-
shall said today.
Marshall also told a news con-
ference:
1. There is no foundation for
the Russian charge that this
country sought a "separate peace"
with Germany in 1943.
2. The American government
hopes very much for successful
completion of an' Austrian inde-
pendence treaty in talks with
Russia, Britain and France open-
ing at London Monday. The U.S.
is willing to continue these talks
as long as there is any chance of
agreement.
The question of "peace feelers"
toward ending the "cold war"
arose when Marshall was asked
about a reported meeting in Ber-
lin several weeks ago between an
unidentified Soviet official and
Ambassador Robert Murphy, chief
American diplomat there. Murphy
since then has been conferring
with state department officials
here.
SWorld News
A t aGlance
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Feb. 18-Soviet For-
eign Minister V. M. Molotov said
tonight Russia .now has treaties
with all nations on its western
borders.
JERUSALEM, Feb. 18-Sev-
eral American members of the
United Jewish appenl delega-
tion, incltding three women,
were fired upon today while
entering Haifa in two armored
busses.
DETROIT, Feb, 18'The C10
United Auto Workers launched
their 1948 wage drive today by
formally demanding a flat 30-
cent hourly raise and other ben-
efits for 70,000 Chrysler Corp. em-
ployes.
Meanwhile, in Pittsburgh, lead-
ers of he CIO-United Steelwork-
ers joined with the rank and file
~sn ni..,.... rr.. f . f<, cs-.

Police arrested a couple Mon-
day who gave their address as 712
N. Fifth St., for alleged posses-
sion of cigarettes containing mar-
ijuana, which was analyzed by
Prof. Jones. The pair are being
held pending the arrival of their
attorney from Detroit, Capt. Al-
bert E. Heusel, Chief of Detectives,
said.
Prof. Jones did what he de-
scribed as a "ropttne job"--com-
paring texture, buds and plant
hairs with University specimens
of marijuana leaf and tea, which
it appeared to resemble.
Under a high-powered micro-
scope, Prof. Jones proved "very
conclusively" by close compari-
son that the substance was the
drug.
Even the time of the year-
early summer-when the drug
leaves were picked could be de-
termined by the analysis of the
tiny bud flowerings on the plant.
The fact was verified by the ab-
sence of seeds, Prof. Jones ex-
plained.
S-0 t
Bil f ihts
SpueechToda
"'The Bill of Rights 'Today," will
be the topic of a speech to be
given by Robert Kenny, president
of the National Lawyers' Guild, at
4:15 p.m. today in Rm. 100, Hut-
chins Hall. instead of at the Union
as previously announced.
The local chapter of the
guild stressed last night the
change in location of the
speech.
Kenny is former attorney-gen-
eral of California and chairman
of the National Progressive Citi-
zens of America. He was a repre-
sentative of the ten movie indus-
try heads cited for contempt of
Congress at the House Un-Amer-
ican Activities Committee hear-
ings last year.

7
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Resolution for Slash of $2.5 Billion
Passed Over Presidenct's Opposition
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18-The Senate voted today to try to hold
federal spending to ?7200,000,000 during the fiscal year starting
July 1.
This is $2,500,000,000 less than President Truman recommended.,
The Chief Executie has said efforts of Republicans to trim his budget
will get exactly no place.
Passage of the resolution to limit spending was by voice vote
with fewer than a score of senators in the chamber. Adoption sent it
to the House.
The proposed $37,200,000,000
ceiling is only a target to shoot at. Ireland Ends
It binds neither Congress nor the
President.1R
Sell Special Bonds Y R
During the brief debate on the
resolution, Senator George (D-Ga) Of DeXV alera
came up with a proposal that the
United States finance all its for-
eign aid programs during the next Announce Formation
few years by selling special bonds.
The Georgian suggested that the Of New GoVernment
government issue bonds for "win-
ning the peace as we did for win- DUBLIN, Eire, Feb. 18-(/P)-
ning the war." Eamon de Valera's strongly na-
What he has in mind, George tionalist rule of Eire ended to-
told the Senate, is a bond issue day after 16 years,
amounting to 20 or 25 billion dol- In his place stepped John A.
lars, to mature in 20 or 25 years. Costello, 56-year-old Dublin law-
He said the bonds should be tax yer, who immediately announced
exempt and pay modest interest. the formation of an oddly assort-
'Off-hand' Reaction ed government of five parties and
Senator Taft (-Ohio) told re- independents.
porters his "off-hand" reaction New York-born De Valera's
was that it would not be best to fi- Fianna Fail (soldiers of destiny)
nance foreign aid through bonds. Party lost its parliamentary ma-
But he said George's proposal jority in general elections early
"ought to be considered" and that this month. When the deputies of
"there might be an argument for the 13th Dail (parliament) met
it." today they voted 75 to 70 against
In outlining his idea, George his re-election as Prime Minister.
urged Congress to "face the cold He got only four votes outside
facts" that the budget by 1951 of his own party.
1952 will amount to perhaps $47,- The gaunt, bespectacled De Val-
000,000,000 "if this country con- era, now 65, thus was forced out
tinues to move in the direction it of the driver's seat for the first
is going." time since 1932.
Break Power Irish Revolution
He said the spending load "will Silver-haired Costello, who like
one day break down the produc- De Valera has a background in
tive power of America" unless the Irish revolution, then was
plans are made to meet it. elected Premier 75 to 68.
But Senator Barkley (D-Ky) A leader in the Fine Gael
the minority leader, told his col- (United Irish) party, second larg-
leagues he expects the annual est in Ireland, he became Eire's
peacetime budget will decline to third premier and head of its
about $25 000000 000 w ein the first coalition government.
ab odut $2,0,0,0 whn.h Like De Valera he is expected '
burden of postwar requirements LieD Varaeisxpcdt
to urge the unity of Eire with
eases. Northern Ireland, the six north-
ern countries which remain a part
Offical S of the United Kingdom under
King George. He also is expected
e Ito chart a middle course in order-
A in Sto hold together the assortment of
parties, ranging from his own
LiTar S at I Conservative Fine Gael to the
. * e osocialistic Irish Labor Party, who
suppported his election
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18-(/P) Propelled by his personality and
his reputation as a hero of the
Rep. McDowell (R-Pa.) said to- revolution, he rose to power in
day either the Immigration Serv- 1932. The Irish Free State be-
ice or Congress will have to "slam came Eire, which De Valera de-
the door" against large numbers of scribed as an independent repub-
r a s lie associated with the British
Communist, fascist and criminal commonwealth. The constitution
aliens slipping into the country at severed any allegiance to King
Detroit. George.
McDowell told reporters more of Advocated Union
He advocated the Uinion of
them are sneaking through the Eire and Northern Ireland, but
immigration cordon at Detroit outlawed the faction which advo-
than anywhere along the bor- cated terroristic methods in
ders. bringing about union.
His party, with 68 members,
"I have been hearing for some remains the strongest in parlia-
time," he said, "that they have ment. Two were unable to vote
been coming. through thick and for him today. But four Inde-
fast. I understand that some Com- pendents supported him.

t
1
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mies have come through in bus-
loads."
In Detroit E. E. Adcock, district
director of immigration, scoffed
at McDowell's statement.

GRAB YOUR HAT:
News of Plant Life oN ars
NoSurprise to 'U' Professor
4j

Truman Asks
Aid for China'
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18--())-
President Truman asked Congress
today for $570,000,000 to give the
Chinese governxment a chance to
stave off economic collapse.
But only Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek's government itself, now
fighting a civil war against Chi-
nese Communists, can do what
must be done to bring about re-
:oveIry, the President said.
He told Congress in a 1,200-
word message:
"Nothing which this country
ijrovides by way of assistance
can, even in a small measure, be a
substitute for the necessary action
that can be taken only by the Chi-
nese government,"
And although he referred to
" continued obstruction and de-
struction" by Communist forces,
ht- dri nnt. nnnncrwnc n mlifnrv

HONEST BA NKERS-
AbsentMi-nded Gi'- ds Get ioneyBack

gy FRAN IVICK
When a Mt. Locke, Texas, ob-
servatCory announced yesterday
thatherew as life on Mars, Dr.
Leo Goldberg, of the University
Observatory, was not surprised.
"The Texas observatory has
been planning to study the areas
on Mars that turn green in sum-
mer," Dr. Goldberg said. "People
have known these areas become
green in the Martian summer for
many years."
Using this observation as a1
fondavtiorin n' Gnoldher said. the

ment, astronomers had believed
there was life on Mars on the solei
basis of the greenishness in
some areas of the planet during
the summer. In fall, the planet'
would again become entirely dark.
The Texas observatory an-
nounced that the supposed vege-
tation was probably some form of
lichen. "It would have to be some
primitive organism such as lich-
en," Dr. Goldberg said. "The cli-
matic conditions on Mars, cold
and dryness-would limit the
v'cPrc irmisn Ino nisntv similar tn

Spring Rusling

i

The strain of securing a degree
at the University seems to be-
cloud some minds, and as a con-
sequence graduates leave Ann

said. "Some
thank us and
the money."

students, however,
instruct us to keep

persons in China, Europe and
South America.
During the war some difficulty
was encountered by overseas de-

If after resorting to the files of

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