THE MICHIGAN DAILY
The Hope Divided
WE, WHO ARE prayerfully hoping that
we can exercise an intelligent vote in
the coming election, view with that now-
familiar sinking feeling the accusations and
counter accusations coming from the side
vhich offered us so much earlier faith.
Liberals seem to be adept at self-right-
eously pointing the finger at the Democrats
and the Republicans and howling unitedly
about the philosophy of inaction which
dominated both camps. We are always able
to agree on reams of specific issues-dis-
crimination, taxation, universal military
training, prices -et al. Yet, with so much in
common, here we sit, divided in to ADA fac-
tons, YPCM factons and Wallace Progres-
sives, expending our energies in denouncing
actions in which we sincerely believe be-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR HIGBEE
cause they are "Communist" inspired or
dominated by "faint-hearted" liberals.
The time seems about ripe for the real-
ization that liberal organizations have
enough opposition from the well-trained
propaganda organs of their more traditional
foes without dissention in their own ranks.
Yet, instead, we don the professional robes
cf the Republicans and Democrats and join
the hunt under the bed.
The argument runs along the lines of
"Any Communits-espoused cause is doomed
to fail." Ergo, it must be wrong and we must
avoid besmirching ourselves by espousing
the same cause. The political philosophy is
open to question-the results are disastrous
It has been said, justifiably at more times
than is admitted, that liberals spend most
of their time talking. If we are going to
make any dent in professional politics, we
cannot afford to remain a split within a
split. Even more important, we must stop
the circle of denouncing the very actions
on which we base our principles.
IN EUROPE TODAY there are some
1,000,000 pegs-living pegs-but there
are no holes, other than shell holes, in which
to put them. These are the displaced per-
sons; Poles, Slaves, Czechs, Rumanians-of
every creed and religion, who have wandered
about aimlessly and hungrily since the war's
Together they constitute one of Europe's
biggest problems, a problem with which
neither thle Marshall Plan nor Communism
seems particularly concerned. In fact, until
the recent introduction of the Stratton Bill,
there were almost no signs of genuine anx-
iety over the fate of the displaced persons.
The Stratton Bill, brain-child of Rep.
William G. Stratton of Illinois, is simple
enough. It would open the nation's doors
to 100,000 DPs each year for a period of
THE MILITARY CONCEPTION of civil
liberties is made quite clear by the new
decree of Defense Secretary James Forres-
From here on in, no top civilian or mili-
tary chief of the army, navy or air force
is to make any comment on a controversial
subject without clearing his thoughts with
This decree is intended to promote more
harmonious cooperation within the armed
forces, according to Forrestal. He says that
he doesn't want the "inevitable difference
of opinion about public matters (to be-,
come) topics of public debate and contro-
We seriously suspect Mr. Forrestal's mo-
tives. If he can't keep his house in order, the
people ought'to know about it; a gag rule is
no answer. And the phrasing of the new de-
cree, is a little too general to fit in with what
used to be considered important civil rights.
We have been assuming that men so cap-
able that they have been chosen to run our
armed forces should have opinions worth
hearing, and Mr. Forrestal's ideas of what
the public should hear from them is not our
idea of a good criterion.
four years. Other nations, co-operating with
the United States to relieve the situation,
would accept their fair share of immigrants.
Thus, over a period of four years, 400,000
persons would enter the United States, after
v hich time the plan would be dropped and
the normal quota system adopted.
Of course, 400,000 peoile seems like
quite a crowd. Yet that figure would equal
less than half the number that would
normally have been admitted from 1939
to 1945, when the war put an end to im-
As in the present quota system, all in-
coming refugees would be carefully screened
to reject persons objectionable because of
health,morals or economic status. Immi-
grants incapable of self-support or who, be-
cause of age, might become welfare cases,
would of course not be admitted.
The plan would not only relieve Europe
cf one headache, but it would bring to this
country many badly needed workers and
craftsmen, and so lighten one of industry's
There will be opposition to the bill, natur-
ally enough. Labor's voice will be loudest in
a blatant chorus of objections. But if its
leaders look beyond the unpleasant picture
of an influx of cheap and abundant labor,
they will see the promise of increased pro-
duction, lower prices and a reenforcement
of labors ranks itself.
Passage of the Stratton Bill would be
one of the most humane and sensible steps
the United States could take in the direc-
tion of European relief.
The bill is before a bickering congress.
Meanwhile, 1,000,000 people are waiting.
-George L. Walker
R. M. ASAF ALL the Ambassador of In-
dia, recently delivered an address at
this university in which he singled out the
elements that lie behind today's interna-
tional discord. In view of the recent troub-
led developments in his own country and
in just about every other corner of the globe,
his remarks are especially apt and signifi-
cant. Mr. Ali was addressing the third con-
vention of the Hindustan Students' Associa-
" . ..What is civilization but the riches
of this planet, human labor and human
skill? . . . What is it that is wanting in the
world which doesn't permit us to bring about
the results which these three elements ought
to produce? The answer is want of under-
standing of one another, want of necessary
good will, want of the will to cooperate with
one another and an abundance of suspicion
and distrust, and to a certain extent the
desire to monopolize the fruits of these three
elements for groups.
"It is nothing new, it has been so in this
world all along, and at various periods ef-
forts have been made to hew down these
barriers through religious . . . and political
teachings. But . . . every religion that start-
ed the effort to hew down these barriers
after a certain period became dogmatic,
and the spirit behind it began to lag. Some-
thing similar has happened in regard to
political development . . . Political efforts
have been made from time to time but they
have failed so far, and . . . today we have
this grand spectacle of the United Nations,
a step in the right direction, a step which
we must all try to make successful.
"But what has happened? All that is
happening in the United Nations is that w
are trying to develop a certain amount of
moral appreciation of certain values without
any sanctions behind us which may be util-
ized to implement the decisions which the
United Nations takes. This is what is hap-
pening today. And why? . . . Because we
have not been able to evolve that good will
of which I was talking a moment ago. That
good will and understanding is essential
to the realization of any dream which the
younger generation may be dreaming, and
which the older generation has been dream-
ing all these years."
THE POSTPONEMENT OF the Dascola
trail last week occasioned an editorial
in this paper which reflected a common
misconception concerning IRA's efforts to
fight racial prejudice in Ann Arbor.
The writer attacked IRA for making local
barbers "scapegoats" for their anti-discrim-
ination campaign, and suggested we turn our'
attention to cleaning up discrimination
among "enlightened" students and faculty
on campus. Because, he says, people can-
not be "changed by legislation."
How right he is! All the impact of the law
will never budge Joe Knieper and his friends
one inch from their original positions. His
attitudes have been held far too long. But
forget him. There are others who are not, as
Carroll Little said, "Imbued with the notion
that their well-being, and that of the na-
tion, depends upon the segregation and
exploitation of a minority group. ..
Yet how naive it is to think the cam-
pus is necessarily the place where people
can be "enlightened". The history of
Operation Haircut last scmester proves
that Read the editorial columns of The
No, we must make .use of the law. It will
impose new conditions, form different at-
titudes among those not already hopelessly
lost. It's a matter of getting used to a new
way of living-and getting your hair cut.
There's no reason why babers cannot even-
tually become used to serving all patrons-
iF they are brought up under the new law.
The same, of course, applies to other pro-
visions of the law; it boils down to a matter
of getting used to it.
In the meantime the barbers will come in
for their share of attention. However they
have not been made "scapegoats" by any
Shortly after the war IRA and other'
groups conducted a campaign against racial
barriers in local restaurants. IRA arranged
several test cases in the campus area, and
at least two owners "reconsidered" their
During the past year IRA has sponsored
public demonstrations against hotel prac-
tices in Detroit.
In addition an educational campaign-
movies, press, and speakers-has been in
existance under IRA's initiative for as
long as we can remember.
Not until November of last year did IRA
turn its attention to the barbers. And where
could they have found a more suitable tar-
get? The professional schools, fraternities
Our professional schools have long been
suspected of practicing discrimination. At-
tempts are made periodically to discover
its extent; the results however is always
the same. No evidence. The last investiga-
tion made by Daily staff members a year
ago made little headway; for instance, a
checking of names in the school of medi-
cine revealed nothing in the way of actual
"quotas." Because of sacific instances, we
suspect discrimination-but proof is an-
But look again to the barbers and other
proprietors of public services. There is a
situation which is covered clearly and sin-
"All persons within the jurisdiction of this
state shall be entitled to full and equal ac-
commodations, advantages, facilities and
privileges of "barber shops" (and other
On campus the best we can do is to sound
off about discrimination, where we can be
sure of it, in the hopes the administration
can be shocked into doing something about
it But discrimination in plain sight in the
community! There's a chance for positive
E ction. What's wrong with picketing? And
v'hy not observe the boycott?
With something like the barbershop in-'
cident you find out whether or not you
live in the two worlds the social philoso-
phers talk about'. What do you do when a
real-life situation arises? Is there more
than an inner revulsion? Because if you do
not make your morals an everyday busi-
ness, then you don't have any worth the
name. They must be worked, and applied
to the community as well as to the campus.
New Books at General Library
Doan, Edward N.-The LaFollettes and the
Wisconsin Idea. New York, Rinehart,
DuBois, William--The Island in the Square.
New York, Farrar, 1947.
Fine, Benjamin-Our Children Are Cheat-
ed: The Crisis in American Education.
New York, Holt, 1947.
Priestley, John B. -Jenny Villers, A Story
of the Theatre. New York, Harper, 1947.
Riggs, Arthur Stanley--Velasquez, Painter'
of Truth and Prisoner of the King. In-
dianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1947.
Taylor, Elizabeth-A view of the llarbour-.
New York, Knopf, 1947.
MAULDIN'S ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA
No. 7 "A campaign manager is a groom who knows how to put
a forty-dollar saddle on a twenty-dollar horse."
MATTER OF FACT:
By JOSEPH and
THE WHITE supremacy South-
erners in Congress are now
talking among themselves about
placing either Senator Walter F.
George of Georgia, or Senator
Hairry F. Byrd of Virginia in nom-
ination for the Presidency against
Harry S. Truman. This under-
ground discussion neatly balances
the overt plan of the west coast
leftwingers to put forward Henry
A. Wallace as a suitable Demo-
One thing is already clear. This
year's Democratic convention is
likely to resemble one of those aw-
ful children's parties, at which
large numbers of the dear little
guests gang up to kick the stuff-
ings out of the brave but tearful
host. In his role at universal nurs-
ery maid to his party, the chair-
man of the Democratic National
Committee, Senator J. Howard
McGrath, is going to havea pretty
ghastly time preventing public
mayhem. And this will be true,
even though the Southerners do
not carry out their threat to sup-
port a candidate of their own.
Overt Southern support for a
rival to Truman even if limited
to the convention, would almost
certainly be going further than
the Southerners desire. The
Democrats have been in so long,
that the Southern leaders have
almost forgotten the hungry
misery of dwellers in the politi-
cal wilderness. But some faint
recollection of this horrid state
still lingers in their minds. They
are still reluctant to destroy
their party's chance at the elec-
tion. This is what may be ex-
pected to nip the overt anti-
Truman movement in the bud,
although the plant may be ex-
peeted to be watered with quan-
tities of the same sort of North-
ern money that used to finance
On the other hand, the strategy
which the Southerners appear ac-
tually to be adopting will be al-
most as difficult for the White
House to .handle. As of today, it
seems probably that the Southern
states, including as a minimum
South Carolina, North Carolina,
Virginia., Georgia, Louisiana, Ala-
bama, Mississippi, and Tennessee,
will send uncommitted delegations
to Philadelphia. The uncommitted
delegations will be used to wrest
from the platform committee a
weasel declaration on the civil and
human rights issue.
In the past few days, there have
been anxious negotiations between
Southern leaders and White House
representatives. The Southerners
dropped hints that if the White
House continued so scornful of
the South, the more violent expe-
dient of sending overt anti-Tru-
man delegations to the conven-
tion would have to be resorted to.
It is symptomatic of the state
of the Democratic party that in
these dubious circumstances, the
White House political strategists
are breathing audible sighs of re-
ief. They are thankful for very
little, these days. The arrange-
ments outlined above are very
little to be thankful for, because
of two obvious drawbacks.
In the first place, any weasel
words in the civil and human
rights platform plank will enrage
and alienate precisely the groups
in the North at whom the Presi-
dent's civil rights message was
aimed. Yet if the weasel words
are not spoken, the uncommitted
Southern delegates will still be
able to put forward their own man.
In the second place, the present
arrangements may be upset even
before convention time, if the fair
employment practices act becomes
law at last.
House, passage of FEPC is a
foregone conclusion. So is Sen-
ate passage if cloture can be
applied. Application of cloture
turns upon four or five Repub-
lican votes, including Senator
Robert A. Taft, Harlan Bush-
field, and Albert Hawkes. Taft,
it is known, will vote to approve
cloture, although opposed to the
FEPC bill. Hawkes is in a hard
re-election fight in New Jersey,
and the other waverers will be
not un-influenced by the fact
that this is an election year. If
FEPC passes, the Southern fat
will really be in the fire. In the
ensuing bitterness and recrimi-
nation, anything may happen,
and quite probably will.
(Copyright, 1948, New York Herald
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angell Hal, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
" S" S
SUNDAY, FEB. 15, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 91
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 91
Student Book Exchange, Rm.
306, Michigan Union will be open
Feb. 16, 17, and 18, 1-5 p.m., to
hand boack all books not sold.
Books not picked up on the above
dates will be sold to local book
stores or given to charity. No
books 'will be held for original
owners. Checks for books sold last
semester may be obtained from
Mrs. Reynolds, Rm. 2, University
Women students interested in
rooming or boarding during the
summer semester in student-oper-
ated co-operatives may apply now
by contacting Jean King, 2-4914,
Inter-Cooperative Council, Muriel
Lester House, 1102 Oakland.
Student Print Loan Collection:
Students may call for prints at
Rm. 206, University Hall, the week
of Feb. 16. Please bring 3x5 white
claim card with you.
Hillel Foundation Birthday Ball
Tickets on sale all week at the
Hillel Foundation, and on Tues.,
Feb. 17, University Hall.
University Community Center,
Willow Run Village.
Tues., Feb. 17, 8 p.m. Bridge
night. Public invited.
Wed., Feb. 18, 8 p.m. Plays and
Games Group. Gymnastics for
Thurs., Feb. 20, 8 p m. The Arts
and Crafts Workshop. Instruc-
tion. Public invited. - 8 p.m.
Meeting, Cooperative Nursery.
French Lecture: Mr. Daniel
Augsburger, Romance Language
Department, will give a lecture en-
titled "France et Suisse - Ete
1947," 4:10 p.m., Feb. 17, Rm. D,
Alumni Memorial Hall; auspices
of Le Cercle Fiancais.
College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts; Schools of Educa-
tion, Forestry, Music and Public
Health: Students who received
marks I, X, or 'no report' at the
close of their last semester or sum-
mer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course
or courses unless this work is made
up by March 9. Students wishing
an extension of time beyond this
date in order to make up this
work should file a petition ad-
dressed to the appropriate official
in their school with Rm. 4, Univer-
sity Hall where it will be trans-
Mathematics 246 - Hydrody-
namics will meet Sat., Feb. 14, 11
a.m., and Tues., Feb. 17, 1 p.m. in
Rm. 312, W. Engineering Building
at which time dmoreappropriate
hours will be considered.
Bus. Ad. 123, Punched Card Ac-
counting, will meet on Tues., Feb.
17, in Rackham Amphitheater, 3
p.m. instead of in the Temporary
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues.,
Feb. 17, 4 p.m. Rm. 3201, Angell
Hall. Prof. G. Y. Rainich will
speak on "Relations on Linear
Chamber Music Program: Gil-
bert Ross, Violinist, Oliver Edel,
Cellist, Emil Raab, Violist,. and
Helen Titus, Pianist, School of
Music faculty, will be heard in a
program at 8:30 p.m., Tues., Feb.
17, Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Program: Mozart's Quartet in G
minor, K. 478, and Brahms' Quar-
tet in A major, Op. 26. Public
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: 26th Annual National
Exhibition of Advertising Art, be-
ginning Feb. 15 through March 7,
Tuesday through Saturday, 10-12
noon and 2-5 p.m.; Wednesday
7-9 p.m.; Sunday 2-5 p.m. The
public is invited.
World Student Day of Prayer:
4 p.m. Worship Service, Baptist
Church, followed by supper and
lecture at 5:15 p.m., Methodist
Church. Dr. Herrick B. Young,
The following student guilds
will participate: Roger Williams,
Foundation, Canterbury Club,
Westminster, Gamma Delta, Luth-
eran Student Association, Evan-
gelical and Reformed, Student
Unitarian Guild will meet at
5:30 p.m. at the Guild House, 1917
9:15-9:45 a.m., WJR. Hymns of
Freedom-Donald Plott, Music Di-
rector; James Schiavone, Narra-
Fraternity Rushing starts today
and ends April 1. The following
houses will hold open house today
Acacia, Alpha Phi Alpha, Alpha
Sigma Phi, Delta Chi, Delta Upsi-
lon, Kappa Nu, Kappa Sigma,
Lambda Chi Alpha, Phi Kappa
Sigma, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Sig-
ma Delta, Phi Sigma Kappa, Pi
Lambda Phi, Psi Upsilon, Sigma
Alpha Mu, Sigma Phi, Theta Chi,
Theta Delta Chi.
Absence from the above list does
not bar a fraternity from rushing
activities. Those interested in Phi
Kappa Sigma fraternity are to
contact William Early, 2-2858.
Delta Chi fraternity will rush and
hold open .house in Rms. 318-320,
The Dowager Marchioness of
Reading, London, England, will be
presented by the Alumnae Council
at a luncheon in the League, 12:15
p.m., Feb. 16, Michigan League
Ballroom. Lady Reading, Chair-
man of the Women's Voluntary
Services during and after the war
and chairman of the recently or-
ganized Women's Home Industries,
WE ALL know what effect "banned in
Boston" has on the sales of a book, but
something that happened recently in Trent-
on, New Jersey, just goes to show how per-
verse people can be.
Three articles on medicine, sex, and edu-
cation, which appeared in recent issues
of The Nation, were deleted from the files
of the magazine in the Trenton School Lib-
rary. The Board of Education had decided
they were not suitable reading for children.
Now" the city librarian reports that the
issues in question have joined the public
library's "best seller" list as a result of a'
demand by adults.
The other day a political science profes-
sor told a class with considerable annoyance
that out of 20 books placed on reserve for
one of his courses last semester, only 1 had
been utilized. Maybe the professor should
try banning his books.
ALTHOUGH FOOD PRICES in the United
States are sliding downward, the de-
mands of hungry peoples in many Euro-
peon nations remain constant.
$10 CARE (Cooperative for American Re-
mittances to Europe, Inc.) food packages
are the means of helping. Each carton con-
tains: braised beef, liver pate, corned beef
loaf, shortening, chocolate, cocoa, whole
milk powder, egg powder, apricots, raisins,
flour, sugar, coffee (tea for Britain!), soap
Donors can specify to whom they wish
the package to be delivered and receive a
signed receipt from the beneficiary after the
goods are delivered.
CARE is a government-approved, non-
TFxarr lc ",;,I snnro nil nr I
F - _.... C fY"w id " r ' Mrvt..~ PP . .
Wbrif AVOr hPPnm. of fl 'm