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May 27, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-27

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IN SELF
DEFENSE
See Page 41

Y

Lwb

Datii4

FAIR
WARMER.

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 167 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House GOP
Extends Life
Of Tariff Act
Truman's Power
Checked by Bill
WASHINGTON, May 26-(/P)-
Republicans rammed through the
House today a bill extending the
Reciprocal Trade Act for just one
year and putting Congressional
checkreins on the President's tar-
if f making powers.
In the slam-bang election year
renewal of the ancient tariff feud
between the major parties, the
Democrats lost this time, 234 to
149. They tried in vain to kill the
GOP measure and substitute their
own to prolong the trade act "as
is" for three years. The substitute
was beaten 211 to 169.
On the final vote 218 Republi-
cans were joined by 16 Democrats
t in support of the GOP bill; op-
posed were 142 Democrats, 5 Re-
publicans and 2 American Labor
Party members.
Goes To Senate
The legislation now goes to the
Senate. How it will fare there is
Suncertain, but another word bat-
tle is sure.
In its action the House brushed
aside a statement from Secretary
of State Marshall that the GOP
measure would shake the founda-
tion of America's foreign economic
policy. Marshall called it worse
than no bill at all.
House Republican leader Hal-
leck, of Indiana, called Marshall's
statement "reckless" adding: "I
for one resent it."
Chairman Knutson (Rep.,
Minn.) of the Ways and Means
Committee challenged Marshall's
qualifications to speak on tariffs.
Knutson also said that under
Marshall's action as Army chief
of staff "the war cost us three
times as much as it should have."
Knutson Question
"And does he know where he
has been since?" K.nutson re-
sponded.
Rep. McCormack (Dem., Mass.)
denounced Knutson for what he
called "a low and vicious attack."
"How about Alf Landon?" inter-
posed Rep. Doughton (Dem.,
N.C.), leading the Demoratic at-
tack on the Republican bill. Lan-,
don, 1936 Republican Presidential
candidate, on Saturday came out
for a three-year "as is" new lease
on life for the Trade Act, saying
the Republican bill would violate
the 1944 party platform.
"Oh, they've corrupted him with
a lot of luncheons," Knutson re-
plied. "I'll correct that; I won't
say corrupted; I'll say leading him
astray."
In the blistering debate, Demo-
crats accused the Republicans of
trying to sabotage the trade act
and return to the "isolationism"
and "high tariff" period under
the Smoot-Hawley law.
Rider Sougoht
For Draft Bill
Langer To Ask Civil
Rights Amendment
WASHINGTON, May 26-(IP)--
The fate of the draft bill was
thrown more than ever into doubt
today when Senator Langer (Rep.,
N.D.) announced he would try to
attach a civil rights program to
it.

Langer said his proposed
amendment would, among other
things, bar all forms of racial dis-
crimination under selective serv-
ice.
Senator Wherry (Rep., Neb.),
acting Republican leader of the
Senate, told reporters such a move
would inevitably mean a filibuster
by Southerners.
Langer said that Congress is
about to adjourn without acting
on any phase of President Tru-
man's civil rights program calling
for anti-lynching, anti-poll tax,
anti-Jim Crow and other provi-
sions. Moreover he said, the Pres-
ident "has failed to issue an ex-
ecutive order abolishing Army Jim
Crow."
GoVerniment
R.R. Rejected
WASHINGTON, May 26-(P)-
Nationalization of the railroads is

Student Majority Okays
DormitoryFood in Poll
A majority-67 per cent of both men and women dormitory resi-
dents consider the food served at their residences either "good or sat-
isfactory," according to a survey conducted by the Bureau of Student
Opinion.
In the final part of their comprehensive student polling, Bureau
researchers also found that about one-fifth of the students had at-
tended a League dance five or more times this year, and that the
same was true of Union dances. About one-fourth said they would defi-

nitely be interested in recreation a
if transportation were provided.
More Satisfied
Although the difference was to
cant, women tended to be more sa
4,

U.S. Tries To
Open Danube
Rdiver Trade
Reds Blamed for
Austrian Peace Delay
WASHINGTON, May 26-(/P)-
Secretary of State Marshall re-
vealed today the beginning of a
new effort to open Europe's im-
portant Danube River to 'unhin-
dered navigation.
The U.S. hope is to break down
a major barrier to the free flow
of trade between eastern and
western Europe by getting Russia
and its satellite countries to agree
to unrestricted Danube shipping.
Marshall announced at a news
conference that the United States
had proposed a Danube confer-
ence of the big four powers plus
central and eastern European na-
tions. It would be held in Bel-
grade, Yugoslavia, beginning July
30.
The meeting, if the Russian
bloc countries accept, could pro-
vide a test of the Soviet govern-
ment's expressed desire for better
relations with the United States.
In another statement, Marshall
reported that big four negotia-
tions on an Austrian independence
treaty in London have been tem-
porarily suspended. He blamed So-
viet "delaying tactics" for this lat-
est failure of the big powers to
agree on a pact which would end
the occupation of Austria and re-
store its freedom.
Americanfdficials said ' the
question of free navigation of the
Danube is one of the basic issues
in European recovery. Thetriver
is the continent's great traffic
channel.
New Time Set
For Exereises
Commencement exercises this
year have been scheduled for 5
p.m., June 12, one hour earlier
than has been the custom in re-
cent years.
The exercises will take place at
Ferry Field unless it rains, in
which case they will be shifted in-
side to the Yost Field House. Sen-
ator James W. Fulbright of Ar-
kansas will give the commence-
ment address.
The traditional march of grad-
uating seniors down State Street
from the campus to Ferry Field
will begin at 4:15 p.m., with the
Marching band leading the pro-
cession..
Because of the record-breaking
number of graduates in prospect,
the traditional procedure of hav-
ing President Ruthven hand a
token diploma to each graduate
has been revised. Deans of the
various colleges and schools have
been assigned to assist him in this
capacity.

t the University Fresh Air Camp,
oo small to be statistically signifi-
atisfied with dormitory food than
were men.
A clear majority of men-81 per
cent-and women-91 per cent-
thought the price of food in dorms
to be "reasonable" rather than
"too expensive."
According to the Bureau, affili-
ated students eating in fraternity
and sorority houses either are
served good food or are reluctant
to criticize their organization.
They were the group with the
largest proportion of those who
thought their food was good.
Food was good 73 %
Food was satisfactory 26%
Food was poor 1 %
Price satisfaction was equally
high. 93 per cent thought prices
in sororities and fraternities were
"reasonable" rather than "too ex-
pensive."
On the other hand, the question
was asked whether students knew
that the University Fresh Air
Camp was being opened for stu-
dent use.
See POLL, Page 5
To Hold Open
Forum Today
On Mundt Bill
An open discussion on the
Mundt-Nixon anti-subversive ac-
tivities bill will be held at 8 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Only a "handful" are willing to
speak in favor of the bill, accord-
ing to Prof. Wilfred Kaplan, of
the Forum programdcommittee.
"At least 95 per cent of the Uni-
versity faculty are against the leg-
islation," Prof. Kaplan comment-
ed.
Dean Hayward Keniston .will
preside at the open discussion and
introduce speakers Prof. Preston
W. Slosson, of.the history depart-
ment, and Prof. Kenneth Cox, of
the Law School.
The local situation is paradoxi-
cal in view of the favorable 319-58
vote for the proposed law in the
House of Representatives, Prof.
Kaplan said.
Prof. Kaplan, who is co-chair-
mqan of the Washtenaw County
Committee for Democratic Rights,
which opposes the bill, said the
Senate Judiciary Committee will
hold hearings on the legislation
today, tomorrow and Saturday. He
hopes to secure time for a local
representative to speak .
Smits Leads ini
South Africa Vote
PRETORIA, Union of South
Africa, May 26-(IP)-Early re-
turns from today's general parlia-
mentary election showed Prime
Minister Jan Christian Smuts'
United Party had a wide margin
over two opposition parties.
The first unofficial returns indi-
cated Smuts' party had won 29
parliamentary seats to three for
the Nationalist Party and three
for the Labor Party.

See No Drop
In 1948-49
Enrollment
Regular Faculty
To Be Increased
Some ciasses in the literary col-
lege may not be so crowded next
semester, but approximately the
same number of students will be
on campus, officials of the various
colleges predicted this week.
Enrollment figures for the lit-
erary college are expected to re-
main about the same, but there
will be a great improvement in
the regular faculty, Dean Hay-
ward Keniston indicated.
Increased Faculty
The faculty will be considerably
increased," he said. "It will in-
clude fewer teaching fellows and
more instructors and assistant
professors than have been pos-
sible during the past few years."
"We are also endeavoring to im-
prove the counseling service, par-
ticularly upper-class counseling,"
Dean Keniston declared.
If there is any change in the
enrollment figures, it will probably
be a decrease rather than an in-
crease, hepredicted. Although the
total of freshmen and transfer
students admitted should stay
about the same, the number of
graduating seniors will probably
be higher, Dean Keniston ex-
plained.
In the engineering college, fall
enrollment figures are also ex-
pected to remain near last year's
total of 4,500 students, Dean Ivan
C. Crawford said. According to
questionnaires filled out recently
by engineering students, about
1,250 of -these will also attend
summer school.
Architecture Crowded
Dean Wells I. Bennett of the
architecture school indicated that
art school enrollment would at
least equal last fall's total of more
than 700 students, although he
would prefer it to be reduced to
about 600.
"Our building is jammed to the
doors and our faculty hard-
pressed" Dean Bennett declared,
"but so many qualified students
are applying for admission that
we don't expect to be able to re-
duce the figures."
The number of incoming fresh-
men will stay at about 1,900, Reg-
ister Ira M. Smith commented
The literary college will account
for about 1,200 of the new ar-
rivals, he said, while 450 of them
will enter the engineering college,
and 100 will go into the architec-
ture school.
Increase Expected
Only in the Graduate School is
a definite increase anticipated in
the number of students. Associate
Dean Peter Okkelberg reported
that fall enrollment there may
reach the upper limit of 4,200
students, an increase of about 400.
over this year's total.
"Approximately 2,500 of these
will continue graduateawork now
being carried on," Dean Okkel-
berg said, "while the others will
include new transfer students, new
arrivals, and former students re-
turning after an absence of one
or more semesters.
* * *
Mea's Housing
Still Crowded
West Lodge To Opeti
Again Next Semester

The outlook for the men's fall
housing situation remains gloomy,
predictions of a continued high
enrollment for next semester indi-
cate.
The temporary housing of wom-
en students in Victor Vaughan
House next semester means that
hlousing facilities for men may be
even less plentiful then than they
are now.
Spring Close-Down
Although West Lodge, Willow
Village's dormitory area for single
students, will close for the sum-
mer, it will reopen for men and
women students in September.
Present plans call for West Lodge
to be closed down completely its
the spring semester.
The present housing list was ap-
proved before the war, Mrs. Grif-
fin said, pointing out that there
are many others which are proba-
bly just as desirable. All men's
housing notices are posted on the
Bulletin Board in the Office of
cf.Arnaf Affaoirs

TWO PRESIDENTS CHAT-Dr. Chaim Weizmann (right), pres-
ident of the new Jewish state of Israel, talks with President
Truman during a visit to the White House. The Chief Executive
holds a Jewish scroll of laws presented to him by Dr. Weizmann.
The two leaders met to discuss Palestine matters.
NEW PAY FORMULA:
'U' Economists Approve GM
T-Monthly Wage Settlement

By IVAN KELLEY
University economists inter-
viewed yesterday generally favored
the new General Motors pay for-
mula.
Prof. Richard A. Musgrave, of
the economics department, be-
lieves that the formula, which pro-
vides for a tri-monthly adjust-
'SLombies
ot ingrPeriods
For Elections
Studcuts Will Mark
Jumibo Ballots in Fall
tn its final meeting of the se-
mester, the. Student Legislature
voted last night to combine all
future campus-wide elections into
two voting periods, Nov. 23, 24
and April 19, 20, next year.
Included in the jumbo ballot,
which legislators said may bring
out a larger vote, will be ballot-
ing for Legislature members, stu-
dent membership on the Boards
in Control of Student Publications
and Athletics plus voting on mem-
bers of the Union and Engineer-
ing Councils.
Future election dates will be
Tuesday and Wednesday of the
tenth school week of each semes-
ter, according to the ruling.
The Legislators also amended
their election laws to ask all pros-
pective SL candidates in the fall
to signify their intention to run
before Oct. 6 and volunteer to
serve on any Legishature commit-
tee.
A report on alleged discrimina-
tion against students in the sale of
May Festival tickets stated that
110 gripe exists."
An interim group of 11 SL
Inembers will operate during the
summer semester with its initial
meeting set for June 23, the first
Wednesday of the new term.
Legislature plans for the fall in-
clude a boost on Homecoming
Weekend for the Phoenix Project
including displays built around
an atomic theme and a fund drive.
Although no tag day will be held
in connection with the project,
the group hopes to bring out the
buckets for their annual WSSF
and University of Manila cam-
paigns.
Members failing to attend the
meeting were: Pat Daoust, Max
Dean, Dick Hait, Jean Leonard,
Al Milstein, Bob McGee, Anne Mc-
Grew, Don Rothschild, John Rider
and Walt Shaffer.

ment of wages to the prevailing
cost of living, is a good solution in
that it will force wages to follow
rather than lead the inflationary
spiral.
Price Stabilization
Prof. Musgrave thinks that the
arrangement, if generally applied,
would narrow down the "starters"
of inflationary movements to in-
creases in corporation profits. This
would result, he believes, in a sta-
bilization of prices as well as
wages.
Prof. Musgrave said that the
new measure represents an inter-
esting change in the viewpoint of
the labor unions. During the sec-
ond round of wage increases labor
acted as a capitalist, he said, in
asking to "share the profits." He
said that Labor's viewpoint now
seems to be that business should
act as a sort of social security or-
ganization.
Harold M. Levinson, instructor
in the economics department, said
that the pay formula is a good ar-
rangement in a period of infla-
tionary and deflationary pressures
because it offers protection to both
labor and industry.
Accentuate Price Trends
Levinson said that if the for:.
mula were generally adopted,
however, it might accentuate price
trends, either up or down, be-
cause the raising or lowering of
wages would cause demand to in-
crease with increasedrprices and
decrease with price decreases.
Levinson believes that the big-
gest advantage of the formula is
that it will te'nd to eliminate work
stoppages and strikes.
Give Hopwood
Prizes Today
Winners in the 1947-48 Avery
and Jule Hopwood contest for cre-
ative writing will be announced
today, following the traditional
Hopwood Lecture.
J. Donald Adams, noted liter-
ary critic, will deliver the lecture
at 4:15 p.m. in Rackham Lecture
Hall. Former editor of the New
York Times Book Review and
President of the Poetry Society of
America, Adams will speak on
"The Writer's Responsibility."
After the lecture both major
and minor awards will be present-
ed to the winning contestants in
the fields of drama, essay, fiction
and poetry. The names of the
judges and the amount of money
awarded will also be revealed dur-
ing the program.

Holy Land Battle
Rages Despite UN
Cease-FireOre
Arabs Deliver Ultimatum to Jewish
Forces Entrenched in Jerusalem
CAIRO, May 26-(P)- The battle of Jerusalem raged on today
and the Security Council's deadline for a cease-fire in the Holy Land
passed almost unnoticed.
As UN truce efforts collapsed at Lake Success, Arab Legion armor
and dynamiters pressed closer on a 200-yard square of Jewish-held
rubble in Jerusalem's Old City.
The British-controlled Near East radio said the defenders had
been split and that an Arab ultimatum had been given to Jewish
Irgunists entrenched in the great Hulva Synagogue to surrender
or die by being blown up.
An Associated Press dispatch from inside the Old City said Arab
officers expected a collapse of the * * *
Jewish defense "momentarily."
The Near East radio station said Am ericans in
Jewish residents of old Jerusalem
were under almost continuous
shellfire. It said modern Jewish-
held buildings in modern Jeru-
salemshad been bombed by Arab Be Evacuated
planes for the first time.
The broadcast said the biggest
Egyptian bombers yet, with fighter U.S. Reports 24 Air
escort, had bombarded Jewish Tel
Aviv.' Transports at Cyprus
Reports from Jerusalem said
a second hard fight was raging WASHINGTON, May 26-FP)-
west of the city along the road The United States made ready to-
to Tel Aviv. day to evacuate by air its citizens
An Arab Legion communique in the Middle East "in case of
said 800 Jewish casualties had need."
been inflicted in a battle at Lat- "In view of unsettled condi-
run, and that Jews had suffered a tions" in the area, the State De-
"crushing defeat" there, at Beit partment announced, about two
Jiz and Khulda in the fight for dozen Air Force C-47 transport
control of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv planes have been sent to Cyprus
road. from Europe.
The communique said Abu Held At Airport
Ghosh, a Jewish strong point They are being held at the Ni-
dominating the Jerusalem-Tel cosia airport on Cyprus "should
Aviv road, had been captured. they be required to evacuate
The communique sand only American citizens," the announce-
that Arab operations in Jeru- mnent said.
salem were going "according to The Department did not esti-
plan." ymate how many Americans might
A Syrian, communique said Sy- be removed if unsettled conditions
nian patrols had pushed the Jews centering around the ,Jewish-ArMab
back in a night scouting expedi- fighting in Palestine becae
tion south of Shaar Hokolan, be- worse. There are about 12,000
low the Sea of Galilee and barely Ameicans in the Middle East.
inside the Palestine frontier. The Some of them could be removed
area is east of previous areas of by ship.
Syrian operations. The communi- Press Officer Lincoln White said
que said Syrian artillery shelled rhe planes are not intended nec-
Jewish fortifications at Degania, essarily for removal of Americans
at the tip of the sea. from Jerusalem but can be used
A pooled dispatch from Ameri- anywhere trouble might break put.
can correspondents in Jerusalem He gave this break down of the
said the heaviest fighting now in number of American citizens in
progress in the Holy Land was at Near Eastern countries: Palestine,
Latrun, vital road junction on the 4,200; Lebanon, 1,400; Syria, 200;
Tel Aviv highway west of Jeru- Iraq, 150; Saudi Arabia, 5,000;
salem. 1,200; Kuwait 150; Muscat 12;
and Yeman none. Kuwait and
Muscat are shiekdoms on the Per-
WorldN sian gulf.
Other Developments
At a Glance There were other developments
on the Palestine situation tdoay:
By The associated Press 1. Charles G. Ross, President
WASHINGTON, May 26-John Truman's press secretary, told re-
C. Virden, his loyalty doubly porters the lifting of embargo on
stamped with approval, decided arms shipments to the Middle
today to stay on in his high De- East, is not "imminent."
partment of Commerce job. 2. Rep. Javits (Rep., N.Y.) in-
His daughter Euphemia, with troduced in the House a bill for
whom he broke because she took a a $100,000,000 military aid pro-
job with the Soviet news agency gram for the new Jewish state
Tass, stayed on likewise in her of Israel.
job, transmitting news dictated to On the question of a possible
her by Tass reporters, loan to Israel, Ross said he had
* * * nothing to add to the remarks
DETROIT-The Ford Motor of Dr. Chaim Weizmann, first
Co. announced that it will open president of the Jewish state.
wage negotiations with the

UAW-CIO June 14.
The announcement came as Legters Gets
Chrysler Corp. and the UAW-
CIO met at an emergency ses-
sion to bring a quick end to the
15-day-old strike.
* * * Lyman Legters, '49, was elected
LONDON, Thursday, May 27- president of the campus chapter of
A six-country conference broke a ADA for the coming year yester-
major deadlock late last night on day
the political and economic future Legters had been temporary
of Western Germany. chairman when the chapter was
The conference agreed upon fist organized,
broad powers for an international in addition to the election, the
control board over the iron ore, aldclub te to etition the
coal and coke of the Ruhr Valley, political club voted to petition the
industrial heart of Western Eu. - peission t aimend mte A A
rconstitution. The political group
wants a clause iserted permitting
the chapter to endorse political
candidates in the same fashion as
is done by Young Democrats and
Young Republicans.
bred Cai1ite ADA would also like a clause
added to their constitution per-
mitting the chapter to bring polit-
dogs, even orange ones. She fi- ical speakers to closed meetings in
nally decided to give the puppy to accordance with the University
her ce11o teacher in lied of the riiny an nnnritip1 en] rw a rio.

NOW IS THE HOUR:
Students Begin Bi-annual Last
Stand as Exams Draw Near

By FREDI WINTERS
There comes a time in the life
of every student when those 10:30
tete-a-tetes have to be forsaken
for close order drill with the books
-that time is now.
All over campus, signs of the ap-
proaching holc'aust are visible as
students settle down for the bi-
annual grind.
Dorms report increases up to 50
per cent in the numbers of stu-
dents using dorm libraries and
study halls.
Quiet hours are more strictly ad-
hered to, especially right after
rlitnta .. %ihila n n a iln n-

Local bookstore owners noted
the customary boom in review
book sales, with a corresponding
decrease in sales of novels. One
owner warned that stores will be
closed on Monday, so students had
better get bluebooks for Monday
exams beforehand..
One local suds parlor reported
a decided drop in student patrons,
but the owner resignedly said it
was to be expected. The proprie-
tor of another tavern, however,
said that he was considering re-
naming his establishment the Lib-
erty Street Library. because of the

BIKINI BIRTHDAY GIFT
Coed Receives Orange-Co.

By JO MISNER
You've never seen a purple cow?

which rocked the world also
rocked a few of the genes in his
rnnfhpr't ,hinrnnmes which ac-

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