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May 22, 1948 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-22

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,.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1948

..

Wallace Coup

HENRY WALLACE has scored a tremend-
ous coup in, getting his peace plan
accepted, in substance, by Premier Stalin.
Official America will be flabbergasted be-
cause it is almost unheard of for the head
of a state to make a formal reply to a peace
proposal by a private citizen, and to refer to
it, besides, as "the most important" of re-
cent political documents having to do with
consolidating "the peace. Protocol is not
merely being violated; it is being shredded.
Yet we have to remember that any peace
proposals arising in America today are al-
most certain to come from unofficial quar-
ters, because official America isn't making
any. And not only is the Administration not
making any peace proposals at the moment;
it doesn't even seem to be geared for en-
tertaining them when they are made
abroad.
And so it is no: very logical to protest
that Stalin should not have addressed
himself to a "controversial" figure like
Henry Wallace. Non-controversial figures
simply aren't making peace proposals; in
fact it is the making of peace proposals
which gets a man marked as being con-
troversial, these days.
Thus there is no "out" in ignoring the
new unofficial American-Soviet exchange
on the ground that it involves a couple of
disputed characters, Stalin and Wallace.
Almost any peace made with Russia is go-
ing to involve Stalin in some way; it would
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
ire written by members of The Daily stafff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PAT JAMES

be awfully hard to keep him out of the pic-
ture; and almost any American who takes
the position that we ought to deal with Rus-
sia is all too likely to find himself becoming
a disputed figure.
The really important thing to note is that
twice within a week the Russians have made
overtures toward discussion, and that both
moves have been met on this side with ne-
gation or elaborate indifference.
And we are losing these exchanges. We
are losing them because we are allowing
a certain rhythm to be established in in-
ternational relations, the characteristic
beat of which is for the Russians to wake
up every morning and say: "Peace talks?"
brightly, and for us to turn our heads
away gloomily and say "No."
By doing so we turn peace proposals and
peace talks over entirely to the left, both on
a world scale and within the country. That
is a strange way in which to try to hurt the
left: it is about as crushing a blow as send-
ing it flowers and candy. Nothing could bet-
ter demonstrate the perils of that dull con-
formity into which we are sinking than just
this feeling, that we are in someway bril-
liantly injuring the left by giving it a world
monopoly on the slogan of peace. We are
so busy agreeing with each other that we
no longer see what we ought to see.
And if we ourselves can no longer raise
the demand for discussions because there
would be too many speeches to take back,
and too many budgets to revise, that in
itself is the greatest of arguments against
the method we have chosen for stabilizing
the world. It is an odd program for ulti-
mate agreement and accord which doesn't
even let us utter these potent words, and
gives them casually away to the other
side.
(Copyright 1948 New York Post Corporation)

A rms Embargo

MERICAN DELAY in lifting the arms
embargo to the new state of Israel lends
support to the theory that our foreign pol-
icy makers imagine that we can mitigate
the effects of a political vacuum by blow-
ing hot air into it.
President Truman's decision to recog-
nize Israel was based on the assumption
that it would prevent a vaiuum in the
Middle East, but without the removal of
the embargo, recognition is useless. The
one is a corollary of the other.
Most observers agree that unless the
Israel Government has access to a con-
tinuing source of arms, it will fall to the
invading troops. In other words, as long
as the embargo is not lifted, the declaration
of recognition is no more than a blast of
hot air, in view of the fact that the immi-
nent danger of the fall of Israel is a matter
of apparent indifference.
The fact that Secretary Marshall has told
newsmen that any decision to lift the em-

bargo is involved with measures the UN
Security Council might take to stop the'
fighting in Palestine, only serves to empha-
size the need.
The objection raised by Sir Alexander
Cadogan to invoking sanctions against the
warring parties, points to the fact that the
fighting will only stop when the Hebrew
State falls. Cadogan has shown that Britain
will veto efforts to impose sanctions, and
try to arrange an impossible truce. Since
not'even Cadogan can be presumed to be-
lieve in the possibility of a truce, the war
will continue.
When Israel does fall, not only will an
experiment that introduces democracy to
the Middle East have failed, but our in-
strument for preserving peace and order
in the Middle East will have been de-
stroyed.
Time is short, and the stake in American
prestige and world democracy is big.
-Jake Hurwitz.

Greek Struggle
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following column is
the third in a series of reports by Daily staffer
Dawson who is accompanying his father, Prof.
John P. Dawson of the Law School, while the
latter serves with the American mission in
Greece.)
By PHIL DAWSON
ATHENS May 17-(Delayed)-"Free en-
terpiseis a luxury in Greece."
That remark was made by a Greek offi-
cial, the assistant to a cabinet minister.
It expresses an attitude that has found
support here lately for the second time
since the death of Eleftherios Venizelos,
Greece's greatest statesman. This feeling
grew up among people who know that real
economy involves the preservation of lib-
erty.
It grew up, also, in the bleak poverty
of Greece. For over 3,000 years Greece has
had a recurrent struggle with too many
people trying to live on too little land.
In ancient times and up to the present
the economy has depended on intricate
trade arrangements and on emigration.
World War I and its consequences upset
commerce everywhere.
In 1924, a double-barrelled disaster struck
the country; the influx of 1.5 million Greeks
from Asia Minor increased an already over-
large population by 20 per cent; and the
U.S., hitherto a refuge for Greek emigrants,
passed its stringent immigration law to es-
tablish quotas which all but excluded
Greeks.
This catastrophe was worse in Greece
than it would have been elsewhere because
of the natural poverty of the country.
The products of the land are luxuries;
olive oil, wine, tobacco and currants. Fine
textiles are woven in Greek mills; mines
in northern Greece produce manganese anc
chrome but they are difficult and expensive
to operate. Greek fishing fleets struggle to
keep up with home consumption.
In order to live, Greece must import
wheat, beans, rice, potatoes and many green
vegetables. Milk for Greek children must
come from abroad. Most of the land is too
poor to support cows. Meat is seldom eaten
by the vast majority of the people.
That is the normal functioning of the
economy, completely dependent on vigor-
ous commerce and on the possibility of
finding an outlet for excess population.
It was knocked flat by the effects of 30
years of overpopulation with its burden of
unemployment, eight years of guerilla
warfare and savage destruction by the
Germans of the Corinth Canal, the docks
of Piraeus, the mines of northern Greece
and the fishing fleets.
The poverty of the country today is vis-
ible everywhere in a very low standard of
living. Most Greeks have one fair-sized
meal a day-breakfast and lunch are just
snacks. Americans stand out in a crowd
because their clothes contrast so sharply
with the Greeks.
With poor food resources and few native
products that bring in foreign exchange,
Greece must keep costs low all along the
line. Experiments with old-type free en-
terprise conducted since the war have been
dismal failures.
They show that competition does more
harm than good in Greece. They show, too,
that controls will be needed throughout
the economy far into the future.
MATTER OF FACT:
Soviet Soft Spot
By STEWART ALSOP
VIENNA-Secretary of State George C.
Marshall has included Austria in his list
of three vital areas of conflict, where Sov-
iet actions looking toward a peaceful settle-
ment will speak louder than Soviet words
about the peace policy of the Kremlin.
Austria is dangerous simply because the
Russian zone of Austria, unlike the Russian

zone of Germany, is almost the last remain-
ing soft spot in the vast new Soviet empire
in eastern Europe. The soft spot can only be
hardened, can only be consolidated into the
monolithic structure of the Soviet sphere, by
breaking the power of the central Austrian
government.
Moreover, although they may now have
changed their minds, there is not the slight-
est doubt that the Soviet planners have al-
ready considered various techniques by
which the anti-Communist Austrian gov-
ernment might be broken. One technique
has indeed already been tried. The Russians
expected that by denying raw materials, and
especially oil, to the Austrian economy, the
position of the government would be rend-
ered hopeless. This technique has been
checkmated by American economic aid..
Another technique has also been consid-
ered, and tentatively applied. The Soviets
have experimented with an attempt to
spread a paralysis of fear among Austrian
officials, thus wrecking the machinery of
government. Yet this kidnapping technique
(which has of course also been employed in
Germany, Trieste and elsewhere) has also
been checkmated, largely by reason of the
remarkable courage displayed by the Aus-
trian leaders.
Thus it is clear that more extreme
measures will be necessary if the Russians
intend to break the government's power.
This is why reports of a Soviet-sponsored
military organization known as the
"Black Brigade" are taken with the ut-
most seriousness by Western officials
h e

THERE MUST BE AN EASIER WAY UP
A r - -
GT 52 R/
~N DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

It'

Dictator by Bill

THE MUNDT-NIXON Communist Control
Bill whizzed past the House Thursday
by a 319 to 58 vote, but only after the House
Un-American Affairs Committee had added
even more restrictions to it.
Here is just one more nasty little point
besides all those previously mentioned.
Under this legislation it is entirely possible
that it would prevent a vacuum in the
tatorship with the Attorney General as the
Hitler.
The Attorney General has full power to
investigate any organization he thinks
may be Communist. He can require by
subpoenas, the testimony of any persons,
production of any books, or records
"dieemed relevant" by himself.
His majesty then makes the decision,
Communist or no, on the basis of the hear-
ings.
Just so everything is legal-like, subjected
organizations have the right to appeal to the
United States Court of Appeals for the Dis-
trict of Columbia. They then have full jur-
isdiction but all "facts" shall be as estab-
lished by the Attorney General. The only
way for the group being attacked to present
Labor Mfonaool
INDUSTRY-WIDE BARGAINING rights
have been demanded by labor unions
upon several occasions as essential to their
security. Several unions have been success-
ful in their efforts to achieve this "security"
at the expense of our national well-being.
The Railroad Brotherhoods have enjoyed
a monopoly in their respective fields. The
United Mine Workers are the exclusive bar-
gaining agent for approximately 400,000
miners.
The recent seizure of the railroads by
the government raises the very serious
question of whether employes of a service
on which the security of the entire coun-
try depends should be denied industry-
wide bargaining rights.
There are essential industries in which
labor unions have thrived and still have
not needed the security of industry-wide
bargaining. During the last several months
the meat-packing industry has suffered a
strike in several plants while the rest of
the slaughter houses continued to operate
and the nation continues to eat..
Similarlv. the strike at one of the lare

their evidence without having the Attorney
General determine the "facts," is to resist,
by any means, the gathering for informa-
tion by him. Then when they can appeal
his adverse verdict, their evidence can be
presented to an unbiased Court. But to
rEsist the Attorney General's subpoenas is
Contempt of Court and punishable as such!
This is far too much power to place in
the hands of a non-elective governmental
officer whose job depends upon the per-
sonal whims of a President. A keen Thom-
as, Mundt, or a Callahan who might well
become Attorney General following the
coming Presidential election, could use
this dictatorial power to great advantage.
His choice to persecute any organization
could be a local mark on that group, al-
though his choice to prosecute does not in
itself indicate that the group is subversive.
But with the Mundt-Nixon Bill's nice loose
definitions of 'Communist,' he could even
prove Santa Claus is wearing a red suit on
Moscow's orders.
-Craig ll. Wilson
GOVERNOR DEWEY is wooing the voters
of Oregon with a promise that his
choice of a secretary of the interior would
be a westerner. It is a reasonable enough
promise, but the implication that only a
native of the West is capable of handling
the problems of the Department of the
Interior invites a challenge.
The department is involved closely with
many problems of the western states: graz-
ing, reclamation, Indian affairs, public
lands and so forth. But its responsibilities
have no such regional limitations as Mr.
Dewey suggests. There is the Bureau of
Mines, for example. Does Mr. Dewey count
out Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Illinois,
Kentucky and the other important mining
states east of the Mississippi? One of the
most important divisions within the depart-
ment is the Puerta Rico Reconstruction Ad-
ministration. What does a westerner know
about Puerto Rico that an easterner or mid-
westerner does not? The National Park
Service, another important branch, extends
its operations from Florida to Washington
State.
-St. Louis Star Times.
J E RUSSIAN word for yes is "da," for no
"niet." The latter. to an Ameriean ear

Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
a.m. Saturdays).
*s * .
Notices
SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 163
Student Organization Treasurers
are urged to bring to Room 2,
University Hall, all unpaid bills
applying to the current term and
to provide full accounting of all
petty cash funds which they have
in their possession. Prompt coop-
eration is necessary to permit
proper closing of student accounts
for the current school year.
Student Loan Prints-All stu-
dents are reminded that the Stu-
dent Loan Prints are to be re-
turned to 206 University Hall, the
week of May 24. A fee of five cents
will be charged for each day the
picture is overdue after May 28.
6Graduating Seniors interested in
training and a commission as En-
sign, U. S. Navy, are urged to be
present at North Hall, Mon., May
24, for interviewes and physical
examinations.
Graduate School offices will be
closed to students on Commence-
ment day, June 12.
Graduate School offices will be
closed on Saturday morning dur-
ing the summer months.
Bureau of Appointments & Occu-
pational Information, 201 Ma-
son Hall.
The National Society for Crip-
pled Children need teachers on the
pre-school and nursery levels.
Openings: Hawaii, Montana, Ne-
braska, Arkansas, and Texas.
Public Schools, District of Co-
lumbia, need kindergarten and
elementary teachers for the year
1948-49.
For information and appoint-
ments call at the Bureau of Ap-'
pointments or call ext. 371.
Lecture
The William W. Bishop Lecture
and reunion of Library Science
alumni, "The Belligerent Profes-
sion." Mrs. Frances Clark Sayers,
Superintendent of Work with
Children, New York Public Li-
brary. 3 p.m., Saturday, May 22,
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for John
Marion Hinkle, Physics; thesis:
"The Thermal Anomaly of 8Ni-
20Cr (Ni3Cr)," 3 p.m., Mon., May
24, West Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Co-Chairmen, G. E. Uhlen-
beck and L. Thomassen.
Concerts
The University Musical Society
announces the following cencerts
for the University year 1948-49:
Choral Union Series: Eileen Far-
rell, soprano, Oct. 6; French Na-
tional Orchestra, Charles Munch,
conductor, Oct. 25; Cleveland Or-
chestra, George Szell, conductor;
November 7; Ezio Pinza, bass, Nov.
18; Clifford Curzon, pianist, Nov.
27; Boston Symphony Orchestra,
Serge Koussevitzky, conductor,
Dec. 6; Ginette Neveu, violinist,
Jan. 8; Vladimir Howoritz, pian-

ist, Feb. 11; Nathan Milstein, vio-
linist, Mar. 4; and the Chicago
Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Busch,
guest conductor, Mar. 27.
Extra Concert Series: Marian
Anderson, contralto, Oct. 14; Cin-
cinnati Symphony, Thor Johnson,
conductor, Nov. 15; Rudolf Serkin,
pianist, Dec. 3; Jascha Heitez, vio-
linist, Feb. 19; and the Indianap-
olis Symphony Orchestra, Fabien
Sevitzky, conductor, March 13.
Orders for season tickets are be-
ing accepted and filed in se-
quence; and tickets mailed Sep-
tember 15. Address: University
Musical Society, Burton Memorial
Tower.
Student Recital: Margaret Ling,
harpist, will be heard at 8:30 p.m.,
Sat., May 22, Rackham Assembly
Hall, in a program of composi-
tions by Salzedo and Debussy, pre-
sented in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. She will be as-
sisted by Marie Mountain Clark,
Flutist, and Emil Raab, violist
The public is invited.
Events Today
Radio Programs
10 p.m. WHRV-Michigan Prof-
ile-University of Michigan per-
sonalities of the past and present.
6:15 p.m. WHRV-Journal of
the Air (Speech Department).
11:30 p.m. WHRV-Senior Ball.
Michigan Sailing Club: Michi-
gan Invitational Regatta Saturday
and Sunday at Whitmore Lake.
Meet 8 a.m., Michigan Union for
ride.
Coming Events
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet for hiking at 2:30 p.m., Sun.,
May 23 at the northwest entrance
of the Rackham Bldg. Sign up at
Rackham check-desk before noon
Saturday. All graduate students
welcome.
Spring Festival at Hillel: 6:30-
10:30 p.m., Sun., May 23. Dancing,
refreshments, entertainment. All
proceeds to Allied Jewish Appeal.
U. of M. Hot Rcord Society:
Program, 8 p.m., Sun., May 23,
Grand Rapids Room, Michigan
League. Everyone welcome.
Gilbert & Sullivan Society: Final
meeting of the year, 2 p.m., Sun.,
May 23, Michigan League.
Orders for pictures taken, comple-
tion of plans for next fall's oper-
etta, and records of Pinafore will
be played. Scores must be turned
in to get your deposit back. All
production personnel urged to at-
tend.
THE DISAGREEMENT about
atomic energy control is not
at present the main source of in-
ternational hostility, but it is sim-
ply an aggravating element in the
hostility. The cause for the tem-
porary and relative calm is the
fact that the Soviet Union is gen-
erally believed not to possess
atomic bombs. Until then, the
deterioration due to the atomic
bomb will be slow and ruinously
entangled with the postwar dis-
organization of the world econ-
omy. As the atomic armaments
race gets under way, it will enjoy
a more autonomous role as a fac-
tor in international tensions, in-
tensifying the hostilities which
originally developed from other
sources.
-Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists.

ILetters to ti
The Daily accords its readers the
privilege of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to space limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the ordern which
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
densing letters.
Co-op Asivwer
To the Editor:
T THE SAME time that the
University announced an in-
crease in rates of fifty-five dol-
lars in dormitories, another camp-
us housing group took two very
significant steps: first, in adopt-
ing a budget for the next school
year, they decided that it would
be possible to reduce rent from
$3.25 per week to $3.00, and still
meet operating costs and lay aside
a fund for future expansion. They
also voted to use the money which
they have saved this year to apply
to the down payment on another
house so that more students can
benefit from the same kind of en-
terprise
The group is the Intercoopera-
tive Council, operating five
houses. Obviously, we are not
announcing this because we want
to compete with the University; I
would simply like to point out
three important facts: first, these
actions were taken in an open
meeting at which every member
had one vote. Second, this demon-
strates that there still remains a
simple, workable method for stud-
ents to meet the rising forces of
inflation by their own efforts.
There are some obvious reasons
,why more students cannot operate
their own housing units instead of
being forced to pay someone else
to do it for them. One is that
many students are not willing to
go' to the effort of organizing and
operating such an enterprise. But
we know from the number of
people waiting to get into coop-
erative houses that there is still
ample demand for such housing
and will increase if a depression
comes.
The biggest obstacle which co-
operative groups face is that of
raising initial capital. Co-ops are
like any business; they borrow
money to get started, which they
pay back as they go. We are in
the process of meeting that ob-
stacle now by carrying on a loan
drive; we are borrowing money
for periods up to five years, at]
three per cent interest, and have
already received a large share of
what we need for a new house
from our own members. We are
accepting loans in any amount
above ten dollars; further in-
formation can be had from any
ICC member.
Gerald M. Rees
President, Inter-Cooperative
Council
'4 ' 4 *
Glee Club
To the Editor:
THOSE WHO DID not hear the
West Quad Glee Club's spring
concert Wednesday night missed a
fine program. As their director,
A. J. Rogers, pointed out before
they began, their primary pur-
pose was to make music for the
enjoyment of themselves and
others. They succeeded in this
purpose, and more.
"Adoramus Te" of Palestrina,
and "So They Came" by Poko-
fiev were extremely difficult num-
bers, and the group is to be com-
mended for including them in
the program. The group sang

most of their numbers with fine
olend and showed themselves well
able to handle the change of pace
their program demanded. Partic-
ularly enjoyable was their rendi-
tion of a special arrangement of
"Drink To Me Only With Thine
Eyes "
The club sang Bach's "Jesu, Joy
of Man's Desiring," and I liked
very much the contrasting tonal
textures obtained using a solo
clarinet against the choral tone,
with piano accompaniment. The
group of spirituals with which
the program was concluded was
well, done, particularly "Po' Ol'
Lazarus" and "De Wind Blew
Over My Shoulder."
In appearance, stage presence
and choice of program the West
Quad Glee Club rated excellent,
and I hope they will continue
their good work in the future.
--Art Snook,
* * *
Pess imist
To the Editor:
IN 'MOST EVERY crowd, there
usually appears a wet blanket
or pessimist, and I'm afraid my
opinions lead me to play this role,

ie Editor,.
concerning thTe Phoenix Project.
In the chronology of events in
Monday's Extra leading to the
Phoenix Project. I think thex
awarding of the Nobel Prize to
Herman Muller of Indiana Uni-
versity in 1946 should have been
included.
Professor Muller of genetics
proved in breeding experiments
with fruit flies that radiations of
radio-active elements (such as ra-
dium) caused transmutations of
the genes which caused a mal-
functional formation of flies of
the following third generation. He
produced flies with large heads,
with their eyes located in their
intestines. These facts are accept-
ed as being applicable to human
beings, and survivors of Hiro-
shima are now under observation
for further proof. But consider-
able time, perhaps 50 years, may
be necessary.
An ex-President of this Uni-
versity, now head of a large can-
cer clinic, in his recent talk here
stated that the more recent treat-
ments of cancer are the use of
hormones and sex glands.
The Atomic Energy Commission
has published the statement that
radio-active radiation as a source
of energy is now only 10 per cent
more expensive than coal for
heating boilers. But again, there
is the difficulty of dispensing of
the radio-active isotopes pro-
duced. Though I am not an engi-
neer, I think this undeveloped
field is unfortunately not being
fully exploited.
-Walter 11 Rodin.
** *
Scared
To te Editor:
HAVE JUST HEARD a terrify-
ing conversation-one that will
shock every thinking person in
this countiy-one that should jar
the teeth out of the "it can't
happen here" boys.
Tonight while having dinner,
with a group of friends, a peti-
tion to protest the Mundt Bill was
circulated for signatures. All but
one signed it without hesitation.
When this non-signer was ques-
tioned-pointedly-as to his rea-
sons for not signing, this student,
a friend of mine, a perfectly ra-
tional, likable guy said, in effect, w
"nothing doing."
Why? Because he admitted he
is scared. In this country, this
land that found reason for indi-
vidual existence as a sovereign
state because it desired freedom
from a land that by eighteenth
century standards was the most
liberal of colonial powers-in this
America-he was afraid that his
name would go on a black list for
"Der Tag"!
It can't happen here? When
young people at the University
level feel the, clutch of fear at
their hearts so strong thatathey
will risk being ostracized by their
friends for not signing a protest
petition-it may not have hap-#
pened here-but mister, it has
STARTED here.
-0. R. Blackmore
yEg A
Pait~i
Fifty-Eighth Year

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authority of the Board in Control nl
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BARA-BYvw I

Okay, son. If your imaginary
c- , r ,,U ... , _ - ,a- ,a

Sea serpents, maybe?

Uncle Ralph has a theory
, . , . , . ,

AAi.., '%I-11., ... r...

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