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May 15, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-15

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See Page 4





Latest Deadline in the State

VUL. LVIII, No. 158


VIPIVV ivmv I'llrx"a


rMUE V, ivL LW4'4Z


U. S. Recognition Granted New

Jewish State

Local Group
Hits Charge
* Of Forgery
House Debate of
Mundt Bill Starts
Charges of forging prominent
names to telegrams amd letcers
attacking the Mundt Anti-Sub-
versive Activities Bill levelled yes-
terday by Rep. McDowell (Rep.,
Pa.) brought a quick denial from
the Washtenaw County Commit-
tee for Democratic Rights.
The local group, which sent a
fourth telegram to Rep. Earl C.
Michener, (Rep., tich.) yester-
day, raising their total of sup-
porters to 49 professors and 110
others, has sent "bona fide" tele-
grams, according to Prof. John L.
Brumm, chairman of the journal-
isn department on retirement
furlough, who is co-chairman of
the organization.
Rep. McDowell said that the
House Un-American Activities
Comnittee, of which he is a
_member, has, tracked down sev-
eral such cases of forgery, the
Associated Press reported.
"He's jumping to conclusions in
an attempt to discredit a genuine
public protest against a vicious,
Utn-American bill," Prof. Brumm
Pro. Wilfred Kaplan, of the
Mathematics department, also a
co-chairman of the organization
commented that "Wherever prom-
inent people have been fully in-
formed of what the Mundt Bill
actually is, they have always 'come
out against the legislation."
The Daily picked at random
five professors from the Rights,
. Committee's list of signatures.
authorized the use of his name
on the telegrams. Many others
could not be reached for com-
Meanwhile, the House plunged
into hot debate over the Mundt
Bill after voting 296 to 40 to take
up the legislation.
Rep. Mundt (Rep., S.D.) who
helped draw up the bill, opened
the debate asking the "Commu-
nists to "Stand up and be count-
ed-let people know who you are."
Those who signed the local
Rights Committee's fourth tele-
gram are: James Avery, E. L.
Brigham, Mrs. Sylvia Delzell,
Prof. Arthur L. Dunham, Prof.
Roy Holmes, Mary Homer, Fred
and Alice Mack, Dr. Edwin Moise
and William Moppins.
Draft Measure
Strikes Snag

Cowles Resigns Position;
Accepts Minnesota Post
Cowles' Statement W~rislers Statement

"The decision to leave Michigan
was the most difficult I have ever
had to make ...
With these words Ozzie Cowles,
Michigan's basketball mentor, yes-
terday confirmed officially the
rumors concerning his departure
for the head cage position at Min-
The popular basketball coach
whohad raised Michigan'sccage
fortunes to a Big Nine title in
two years, decided to leave Mich-
igan Wednesday, after several
weeks of deliberation and confer-
ences with Minnesota athletic of-
Cowles, who had previously
made no definitehstatements re-
garding his rumored change,
stated today in a release that the
chief factor in his decision to give
up the Wolverine coaching job
was "a personal situation with
numerous friends in the Minne-
sota and St. Paul area."
The fine relationship I
have had with 'Fritz' Crisler, a
friend of long standing, has made
the thought of leaving doubly dif-
ficult," Cowles stated, and he
added that Michigan has made
every possible inducement in its
effort to persuade him to stay as
Wolverine head cage coach.
Cowles also said that the
thought of leaving the Michigan
team that he had developed into
a Western Conference Champion
and NCAA contender was diffi-
See OZZIE, Page 3

One more item has been added
to Athletic Director Fritz Crisler's
list of worries-that of finding a
head basketball coach to replace
Minnesota-bound Ozzie Cowles.
Crisler, in a statement released
yesterday, said that Cowles' de-
parture was a great loss for Michi-
gan. In his opinion, it was some
personal matter that tipped the
scale in favor of the Minnesota
offer. "If it were entirely a matter
of opportunity at Minnesota as
against opportunity here, I think
we could have retained him," Cris-
ler admitted.
Now the job begins. "This mat-
ter didn't come to a head until
Wednesday, so there hasn't been
much time to look around for an-
other coach. Whoever it is will be
a good man," the Michigan ath-
letic boss promised.
Whether or not the new cage
mentor will be a former 'M' man is
hard to say. Both Ernie McCoy,
assistant basketball coach wxho
captained the Wolverine cagers in
1929 when they were co-owners of
the Big Nine title, and Bill Orwig,
new end coach and a three year
court star for Michigan, 1927-28-
29, can throw his hat into the
basketball bidding circle.
In the meantime, Crisler will
have until next fall to make a de-
cision about the man to take over
the Big Nine championship team
See CRISLER, Page 3

Call Troops
In Minnesota
Strike Crisis
To Be Stationed,
At Cudahy Plant
NEWPORT, Minn,, May 14--(P)
-National Guard troops mobilized
at several armories late today for
duty at the Cudahy Packing Plant
here wherean invadingkmobof
200 men slugged workers and
damaged property.
Troops also were designated for
duty at Swift and Armour plants
at South St. Paul across the Mis-
sissippi River. At the Swift plant
yesterday, pickets drove off po-
lice when they attempted to en-
force a court order forbidding
mass picketing.
The raiders entered the Cud-
ahy plant shortly before mid-
night Thursday, routed com-
pany police, tore out a front
gate telephone and rushed the
quarters where about 50 work-
ers were sleeping.
Cots were overturned, tele-
phones ripped from their cords,
windows broken and several of-
fices damaged, H. W. Reister,
plant superintendent said.
Aboutkthirtyhof thewworkers
were taken as hostages when the
raiders left, Reister said. Today,
however, all but one had been ac-
counted for. Reister did not dis-
close the names of the hostages,
saying he feared reprisals.
In Ancker (City) Hospital in
St. Paul, however, two 'of the
workors described the attack.
Vernon Spaulding, 44, and Earl
Heier, 32, both of Webster, Wis.,
who were hired by the plant yes-
terday, said "We had to run the
gauntlet of the mob" to get out
of the sleeping quarters. "All of
them were swinging clubs at our
Spaulding and Heier suffered
severe head injuries, hospital at-
tendants said.
Mobilization of the Guard was
under way at Brainerd, about
160 milds north of here where
the 194th Tank Battalion was
called, and at neighboring St.
Paul where the 256th Anti-Air-
craft Battalion was under or-
Ordnance, infantry and medical
units from other outstate points
moved toward the state fair-
grounds at St. Paul, from where
they will be deployed for strike
duty. All were ordered to report at
the fairgrounds by midnight, Cen-
tral Standard Time.

Move Calls Forth
Zionist Elation,
President's Proclamation Throws
American Prestige Behind Israel
WASHINGTON, May 14-(A')-President Truman, in a move that
surprised the world, tonight recognized the new Jewish state of Israel
in Palestine a few minutes after it was proclaimed.
The news caused intense elation among the Zionists, stunned the
Arabs and threw the United Nations into turmoil.
The action placed the great weight of American prestige behind
the claim of the Jews to govern the homeland they have carved out
for themselves in the Holy Land.
In 42 fateful words, Mr. Truman proclaimed:
"This government has been informed that a Jewish state has been
proclaimed in Palestin and recog- * * *
nition has been requested by the A .
fprovisional government thereof. Ar b A m es

QTILL UNDEFEATED ... brilliant Illini southpaw Marv Rotblatt
silenced the big Wolverine bats in the pinches yesterday to shade
the Maize and Blue 3-2, in a tight contest at Champaign to extend
his long unbeaten string.
* * * *
Illni Edge Michigan Nine 3-2;
Rotblatt Extends Win Streak


Passive Resistance, Absolute
Truth Were Gandhi's Tenets


Muriel Lester, famed British'
social worker, yesterday described
the philosophy of Gandhi as one
of passive resistance and of abso-
lute truth.
Speaking to an overflow audi-
ence in Kellogg Auditorium, she
outlined the four principles fol-
lowed by disciples of Gandhi
throughout the world. They in-
1. Faith in the power of prayer.
2. Complete non-violence, and
complete freedom both from hate
and from fear.
3. Absolute truth; Gandhi
taught that "Truth is God."
4. Freedom from theft; a per-
son with more than what he needs
is guilty of theft, Gandhi taught.
During his lifetime, Gandhi ex-
erted a powerful influence over all
Indians, Hindu and Moslem alike,
and through him much of the
strife between the two groups was
brought to an end, Miss Lester
She told how Gandhi appeared
on the parapets in the thick of
the fighting. During rioting in
Calcutta, he drew from leaders of
both factions a promise to appear
with him and demand peace them-
selves if fighting should break out
The greatest mistake of the Al-
lies, she believes, was their de-
mand of unconditional surrenderl
of Germans; and as victors' after

the war, it is their duty to feed
the losers.
Muriel Lester's talk was intro-
duced by Rev. H. L. Pickerill of
the Congregational Dis c iple s
Guild, and was sponsored by In-
ter Co-op Council, Student Re-
ligious Association and Hindustan
A tea, open to all students and
Faculty, will be given in her honor
at 4 p.m. today at Muriel Lester
Cooperative House.
Fr. Flanagan
Dies in Berlin
BERLIN, Saturday, May 15 -
(P)-Msgr. Edward J. Flanagan,
the Nebraska priest who founded
the internationally known Boys
Town near Omaha, died at an
Army hospital today after suffer-
ing an acute heart attack.
Father Flanagan died at 2:05
a.m. (7:05 p.m., Eastern Standard
Time Friday). He was 61.
He was taken suddenly ill here
last night at Harnack House, an
American Military Government
residence for visiting officials. He
was given emergency treatment,
but failed to respond to oxygen
and special injections for the
heart. He lost consciousness
shortly after entering the hospi-

Senate Committee
Delays Bill's Hearing
Disagreement between Congress
leaders today beclouded the pros-
pect for any early action on the
The Senate Rc jblican Policy
Committee failed to reach an
agreement on --,Iraft-training bill
at a meeting and decided
to put two other <', measures
ahead of the draft bill on the
Senate floor.
In the House, Chairman An-
drews (Rep., N.Y.) of the Armed
Services Committee brushed
aside a plan by Rep. Leo A.
Allen (Rep., Ill.) to build man-
power through bonuses. Instead
he will try next Tuesday to
get Allen's House Rules Com-
mittee to grant right of way
to a draft bill.
Allen had asked the military
committee yesterday for a hearing
on his proposal to pay volunteers
up to $1,500 for enlisting in the
armed forces. This would build
manpower and make a draft un-
necessary, he contended.
Allen has said he would not
hold up action on the draft bill
to force hearings on his own plan.
But he did not say he would send
the draft bill to the House floor.
"Action" could mean a decision to
pigeon-hole it for the time being.


'Doc' May Leaves $124,000
For 'U' Athletic Scholarships

World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 14-Stocks
took a frenzied whirl upward to-
day in the fastest trading in eight
Gains of $1 to $7 a share for
principal issues boosted total mar-
ket value of listed stocks by
around $1,700,000,000.
LONDON, May 14-At least
13 persons, including the daugh-
ter of the former Ambassador
to Britain, Joseph Kennedy,
were disclosed today to have
died in major airplane crashes
on three continents. The fate
of 35 more was uncertain.
S* *
HILO, Hawaii, May 14--A po-
tentially disastrous earthquake
was recorded today and seismolo-
gist checks placed it in Alaska
or the adjacent Aleutians.
*, * *
President Truman, speaking be-
fore a cheering Democratic rally
tonight, described the Republi-
can opposition as "obstruction-
ist." He said it was blocking
liberal Democratic proposals.
* * *
BERLIN, May 14 - Reports
reached Western Allied officials
here today that dozens of high
officers are being sent back to
R S in . 2,Ivo r IP n svie#.

(Special to The Daily)
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., May 14-
Little Mary Rotblatt apparently,
still held the Indian sign over'
Michigan's baseball team, as he
pitched Illinois to a 3-2 victory.
over the Wolverines here today to
extend the Illini lead in the Big
Nine to two games.
Michigan outhit the Illini, 7-5,
but Illinois took advantage of
every opportunity to win the ball
The fourth inning was the
big one for the Orange and
Blue, as they tallied twice. Big
Bob Anderlik, the lead off man
in the frame, was hit by Art
Dole, and that was the begin-
ning. First Sacker Al Wickland
laid down a bunt and beat it
out. George Fischer repeated
Farm Surplus
Should Go to
Poor-- -Truman
WASHINGTON, May 14-(/P)-
President Truman proposed today
that future farm surpluses be fed
to the poor to assure farmers
prosperity and improve the na-
tional health.
He asked Congress to develop
a "stand-by" program for divert-
ing farm surpluses to low income
groups in both city and rural
areas instead of permittting them
to go to waste.
Mr. Truman's suggestion was
made in a me.sage to Congress
urging a long range farm pro-
gram to take the place of existing
measures, some of which expire
December 31.
He said the Nation's agricul-
tural policy should be one of "or-
ganized, sustained and realistic
In general, his recommenda-
tions matched provisions of a bill
approved Thursday by the Re-
publican-controlled Senate Agri-
culture Committee, and sugges-
tions which his Agriculture De-
partment laid before Congress last
But Mr. Truman went a step
further in dealing with surpluses
than did the committee, in urging
development of programs which
would put excessive supplies on
dinner tables of those of low in-

the performance and the sacks
were loaded with nobody out.
Here Dole apparently settled
down as John Gugala went down
swinging. With the infield in,
Rotblatt hit a sharp grounder to
Kobrinwho hforced Aderlik.
Then when things were looking
up, Herb Plews fired a single to
right and two runs crossed the
The Illini got their other run
in the first frame on an error, a
fielder's choice and an infield out,
The Wolverines evened the
score at 1-1 in the third, when
they put together three hits to
score. With one out, Paul Vieth
singled on the ground to left.
On a perfect hit and run, he
went to third on Kobrin's single
and scored on Jack Weisen-
burger's line hit.-
Michigan's other run came in
the fifth on a single by Bump El-
liott, a force play at second, a
single by Kobrin and a well-ex-
ecuted double steal by Kobrin and
Both teams played good base-
ball and the pitching was good.on
both sides. Both Dole and Bud,
Rankin, who relieved him in the
seventh inning, were impressive,
Dole allowed only two solid hits
and Rankin one, but these were
Bill Taft has been named by
Coach Ray Fisher to take the
mound tomorrow in an effort to
even up the series. He will be
opposed by Stan Feldman, rangy
right-hander for the Illini.
Tax Talks To
Prof. William Warren, tax ad-
viser to the Secretary of the
Treasury, will address a meeting
of tax executives on "Legislative
Trends in Federal Taxation" at 3
p.m. today, in Rackham.
The First' Annual Tax Confer-
ence, which Prof. Warren will
address, is being held today un-
der the sponsorship of the Tax
Executives Institute and the
School of Business Administra-
Other speakers at the confer-
ence will include Prof. Arthur W.
Bromage, political science depart-
ment, who will talk on "Problems
of Fringe Areas in Michigan," at
a 12:15 p.m. conference luncheon
in the League.

"The United States recog-
nizes the provisional govern-
ment as the de facta authority
of the new state of Israel."
(The use of the legalistic term
"de facto authority" is common in
such instances where a new gov-
ernment is in process of creation
but is still provisional. It means
simply that the United States rec-
ognizes that the government of
Israel is in fact the ruling author-
ity of the territory in question.
("De jure" recognition means
recognition of a government as the
legally constituted authority.)
The news of recognition cre-
ater a sensation in the United
Nations Assembly Hall in New
York. It came while the UN was
rejecting, a U. S. proposal to set
up a trusteeship type regime for
Dr. A. H. Silver, chairman of
the American section of the Jew-
ish agency, thiew up his hands in
elation at the word from Wash-
"This is what we have been
praying for-marvellous!" he ex-
Britain's UN representative, Sir
Alexander Cadogan, had no com-
ment. His government has ended
its mandate in Palestine and pull-
ing out its troops from the coun-
On Capitol Hill in Washington,
Senator George (Dem., Ga.), for-
mer chairman of the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee, told a
"I suppose the step is an advis-
able one. I can conceive of no
valid reason why the President
should not recognize the new Jew-
ish nation as a de facto state."
* * *
IZFA To Hold
Jewish State
Day Program,
Marking the establishment of
an independent Jewish State in
Palestine, the Inter - Collegiate
Federation will hold an all-cam-
pus Jewish State Day program at
4 p.m. tomorrow on the steps of
the Hillel Foundation.
Following the invocation by
Rabbi Herschel Lymon and the
greeting by newly-elected IZFA
President, Dick Newman, a "Pal-
estine Panorama" will be pre-
Narrator for, the program will
be Sam Hack. He will be accom-
panied by the dancing of Melva
Weinberger and singing directed
by Yona Yoshpee.
Climaxing the program, after a
short talk by the Rev. Dr. Frank-
lin K. Littell, Student Religious
Association director, will be the
presentation of a Jewish flag,
made by IZFA members, to Dr
Max Weinreb, Palestinian dental

On March as
Mandate Ends
Egyptian Columns
Drive Across Border
TEL AVIV, Israel, Saturday,
May 15- (P) - Britain surren-
dered her 25-year-old mandate
over Palestine at midnight and
one minute later the new Jewish
state of Israel officially came into
The newly-born Jewish state
faced an almost immediate threat
of blood as Arab nations of the
Middle East, awaiting the end of
the mandate to launch their regu-
lar armies on an invasion of the
Holy Land, poised troops on its
The Egyptian governrnent an-
nounced last night it had ordered
NEW YORK, May 14-A Jew-
ish broadcast from Tel Aviv,
carried in the United States by
ABC, said tonight "Tel Aviv is
being bombed by hostile planes."
its army to enter Palestine. A
Cairo newspaper said two col-
umns of regular Egyptian troops
knifed their way across the fron-
tier at dawn yesterday. Syrian and
Lebanese troops were camped on
the northern frontier awaiting an
expected zero hour today.
Leaders of the new Israel
promised, however, that its mili-
tia, Haganah, would defend the
Jewish nation against the
bloodiest Arab attacks.
(In Washington, President'Tru-
man announced U. S. recognition
of Israel.)
(Andrei A. Gromyko, a Soviet
representative at the United Na-
tions, said in New York that his
country recognizes Israel's exist-
ence. He did not announce for-
mal diplomatic recognition.)
The death of the British man-
date was signalized by the de-
parture of Sir Alan Cunning-
ham, high commissioner, from
Haifa in a Royal Navy cruiser.
The chief function o the Brit-
ish now in Palestine is to complete
the evacuation of their troops
which has been ordered by parlia-
ment by Aug. 1.
A hint of trouble to come was
seen in Tel Aviv last night when
city officials ordered full air raid
precautions in expectation of a
major Arab drive for control of
the Holy Land.
MCAF Calls
Campus Rally
Campus chapter of the Mich-
igan Committee for Academic
Freedom has slated an open rally
for Monday on "Academic Free-
dom in Michigan,"
George Shepard, MCAF presi-
dent, said yesterday that speakers
have been signed up and that
time and place of the meeting will
be announced tomorrow.
Speakers will be Prof. Preston
Slosson, of the history depart-
ment, and Jack Geist, former
president of campus AVC.

Michigan athletes will someday
benefit from a $124,000 scholar-
ship fund left to the University
by Dr. George A. May, former
physical education and gymnas-
tics instructor here.
Dr. May, affectionately called
;Doc" by thousands of students
and alumni, died March 28 in Ann
Arbor. Dr. May and Crapo Cornell
Smith, whose bequest of $1,000,000
was recently announced, were
neighbors at the Union for more

Both are now in their 40's.
The fund is to be named "The
George A. May Trust Fund," Dr.
May's will specified, "in remem-
brance of continuous service at
the University of Michigan from
1901 to 1942." Dr. May was an
associate professor of physical ed-
ucation at the time of his retire-
ment in 1942.
If at any time the awards can-
not be granted to athletes, Dr.
May stipulated that the net in-

in the League.

'Children's Crusade' To Appeal for Aid



1 . ,,.


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