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May 04, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-05-04

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WAR CRIMES
TRIALS
See Page 41

Lw 40

#ait t]

FAIR

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 149 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1948
SI ,

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Group!

Voles Passage
Of Draft Bill
Academic Year
Can Be Finished
WASHINGTON, May 3-(P)_
The House Armed Services Com
mittee voted 28 to 5 today for a
peacetime draft designed to hel
build up a military force of mor
than 2,000,000 men.
Men from 18 through 30 woul
have to register with those fron
19 through 25 liable for two year
yrservice. Most veterans would be
exempt. College students would b
allowed to finish an academic
year.
Secretary of Defense Forrestal
praised the measure as an ex-
cellent one to cope with what
he has called world tension and
others have called the threat of
war with Russia.
At the same time, Forrestal said
he prefers a Senate draft bill
-Bich also provides for training of
1R,-year-olds as reserves. The Sen-
ate Armed Services Committee
worked on this measure in secrecy
today.
(The administration has been
¬ęSeeking: (1) A temporary draft
and (2) A longer-range system of
universal military training unde
which younger men would be
tVained in a new system of camps
and other institutions. These UMT
students would not be in the army.
(The Senate Committee has
favored merging the two plans,
training the 18-year-olds in the
armed services along with
draftee4. The House Armed
Services Committee unanimous-
ly approved a separate UMT bill
last summer, but so far neither
House or Senate has voted on
such a bill.)
Forrestal told the House Armed
8rvices Committee that the draft
bill it approved today provides an
answer to the "immediate and im-
perative demand for something to
augment the size of our armed
forces."
Secretary of the Army Royall
called it "thoroughly acceptable to
all the services-Army, Navy and
Air Force."
Students Plan
UNDody Here
With the goal of a "world of
goodwill," the call will go out
tonight for students to organize
a campus "Model UN" organiza-
tion, according to Bill Miller,
chairman of a committee planning
the project.
"Student representatives who
participated in the successful
Model General Assembly held
April 21 and anyone interested in
learning how the UN works may
attend," Miller said.
The new group hopes to set up
more "model" meetings and dis-
cuss the problems that face the
present United Nations, sponso
speakers on UN topics, present
radio programs and affiliate with
the Collegiate Council for the
United Nations.
Students will take the sides of
various nations and discuss world
issues on an unbiased basis, ac-
cording to Miller.
The meeting will be held at 7:30
p.m. today in the Inteinational
Center.
Campus Book

Drive Planned
A three-day campus drive, spon-
sored by AVC, to collect books for
the library of Ann Arbor's new
Veterans' Readjustment Centcr
will beg irtomorrow.
Students are requested by Tom
Murray, chairman of the cam-
paign, to contribute any kind of
readable book, either fiction or
non - fiction. Veteran patients'
reading preferences are more ma-
ture and diversified than most
people suppose, uc(ording to Rec-
reational Director Margaret Mc-
AHugh.
Book receptacles will be located
at several points on campus, in-
cluding the Diagonal, the Union,
and the League.
Opened last October, the Cen-
ter's library now has about 250
volumes, hardly enough, said Miss

INSTALLATION NIGHT:
Holders of League Posts
For 1948-49 Are Named
Appointments to League positions for 1948-49 were announced
yesterday at the annual Installation Night ceremonies in Rackham
Lecture Hall.
Top League positions for the next year have been given to Pat
McKenna, Gamma Phi Beta, president; Pat Hannagan, Delta Gamma,
chairman of Judiciary Council; and Mary Carolyn Wright, Alpha
Phi, Interviewing Chairman.
Other members of the League Executive Council are Nancy

Hess, Kappa Kappa

Gamma,

Southwestern
U.S. Rocked
By Tornadoes
Two-Day Toll Set at
23 Dead,_156 Hurt
By The Associated Press
Death-dealing tornadoes, stirred
up by spring's changing weather,
added Texas to their list Monday
with at least three killed for a
48-hour toll of 23 dead and more
than 156 injured in six states.
The Texas tornadic windstorm
hit McKinney, a city of 100,
and nearby Princeton, both about
30 miles north of Dallas. The
storm cut a 600-yard path of fury,
two miles long, through McKin-
ney.
Buildings Destroyed
It tore the second floor off a
$2,000,000 textile mill, blew off
the top floor of the city hospital,
ripped off the metal roof of a
grade school, and smashed an es-
timated 150 houses.
Oklahoma, one of the states
struck Saturday night, received
. fresh blow. A tornado hit the
center of the town of Caney in
southwest Oklahoma, but a few-
minutes warning enabled the res-
idents to take refuge in storm
cellars.
The postoffice, a theatre and
several stores and homes were de-
stroyed.
Neighboring Towns Hit
Violent ,windstorms hit neigh-
boring Coleman, Mill Creek and
Sulphur in rapid succession. Three
persons were reported injured.
The deadly winds scourged Ok-
lahoma, Missouri, Kansas, Ken-
tucky and West Virginia in a
West-East course which started
Saturday.
Heavy rains poured additional
misery on survivors in hard-hit
West Virginia after, the winds
abated.
Six rural West Virginia com-
munities bore the brunt of the
twisters in that state.
Three members of the Raymond
Aylor family of Hupp Hill died in
the Clarksburg Hospital of storm
injuries. One may was killed near
Weston and a fifth victim, another
man was killed at Mount Clare.
Parties Make
Ballot Deadline
LANSING, May 3-(P)-Four
minority parties gained a place on
the Michigan election ballot as
the deadline fell for the admission
of new parties.
Petitions to qualify the Socialist
Workers party, the Socialist party.,
the Socialist Labor party and the
Progressive (Wallace) party were
filed before the deadline.
The Republican, Democratic
and Prohibition parties retain
their place on the ballot by vir-
tue of a sufficient vote cast at the
last election.;

L, vice-president; Ilona Freitze,
4 Jordan, secretary; Marjorie
Zaller, Sigma Delta Tau, treas-
urer; Arlette Harbour, Martha
Cook, Assembly president; Mary
Stierer, Pi Beta Phi, Panhellenic
president; Gwen Sperlich, Gam-
ma Phi Beta, WAA president;
and Audrey Buttery, Delta Delta
Delta, Daily Women's Editor.
Chairmanships of League com-
mittees will be filled by Jackie
Read, Gamma Phi Beta, Casbah;
Nancy Mussleman, Chi Omega,
Dance Class; Bette Hamilton,
Martha Cook. Drives; Virginia
Nicklas, Delta Delta Delta, Merit-
Tutorial; Eugenia MacCallum, Chi
Omega, Orientation; Dulcie Kras-
nick, Stockwell, Personnel; Nancy
Culligan, Alpha Phi, Publicity;
and Bobbie Joe Ream, Kappa
Kappa Gamma, Social.
Dean Alice C. Lloyd presiented
three Ethel A. MeCormick schol-
arships to Ilona Fletze, Jordan;
Marjorie Zaller, Sigma Delta
Tau; and Helen Olsher, Mosher.
Members tapped by Senior So-
ciety are Allene Brown, Cora May
Chu, Ilona Fietze, Hannah Fisch-
bein, Margaret Frostic, Joan Katz,
Dulcie Krasnick, Allegra Pasqua-
letti, Harriet Davis Norton, Na-
See LEAGUE, Page 5
Stassen Bids
For Farmers'
Vote in Ohio
CLEVELAND, May 3 - (/W) --
Harold E. Stassen posted tonight
a proposal to boost farm price sup-
ports as he bid for rural backing
in his Ohio Presidential delegate
battle with Senator Robert A. Taft
In advance of tomorrow's ex-
pected heavy primary balloting,
Stassen urged in a prepared radio
address that the cost of farm
hired labor be included in fixing
the floor the Government has put
under some crops.
This proposal, often made by
farm state lawmakers, could be
expected to raise the floor.
This sharpened his differences
with Taft. The latter said in Ne-
braska some months ago that the
level of price supports should be
reduced somewhat.
With fair skies forecast for most
of the state, upwards of three-
quarters of a million Republicans
are expected to go to the polling
places in a 12-hour stretch begin-
ning at 6:30 a.m. (CDT).
They will pick 53 delegates to
the June Republican convention
in Philadelphia which will nomi-
nate a Presidential candidate.
Stassen is contesting in races
involving 23 delegates. While most
of these battles are in industrial
areas, at least eight will be chosen
in districts where the farm vote is
top-heavy.

City Adopts
Time Change
At Midnight
'U' Clocks Will
Conforim to Shift,
Everybody in Ann Arbor will
lose an hour's sleep when the
city's clocks move ahead one hour
at midnight tonight.
A resolution passed at a city
council meeting last night set.
Daylight Savings Time as official.
for Ann Arbor until about Sept.'
26. The resolution passed by a;
vote of ten to three.
This means that at midnight
tonight, the time will be 1 a.m.
Vice - President Robert P.
Briggs said that the University
would follow the city time
change. Classroom clocks will
be adjusted to switch to summer
time.
Several near-by cities, includ-
ing Detroit, went on Daylight
Savings a week ago.
Beginning at 12:01 a.m. Wed-
nesday, all trains will arrive and
leave Ann Arbor one hour later
than they are scheduled on the
time tables, New York Central
ticket clerk V. LaFlamme told The
Daily last night. All NYC trains
are running on Eastern Stand-
ard Time.
Greyhound bus line officials
said that their schedules were all
on Standard Time and that the
hour difference between scheduled
and running time would prevail.
The resolution passed the
council after an amendment
setting the time change for next
Sunday was declared defeated
by President C. O. Creal.
The shift to Daylight Savings
had been opposed by local farm-
ers and groups who did =not want,
to follow Detroit's lead. At a prev-
ious council meeting, a decision
on the time change issue had
passed by a narrow one-vote mar-
gin.
Council also requested the
Tniv4mitnv 11 ppant m0tlfnnex th

Racial Barriers
In Housing Ruled
911
Illegal by Court
Restrictive Real-Estate Covenants
Held Violation of 14th Amendment
WASHINGTON, May 3-('P)-Courts cannot enforce real estate
agreements which bar colored persons from all-white neighborhoods,
the Supreme Court ruled today.
In a 6-0 decision, the Court said government action to back up
such covenants violates the "equal protection" clause in the 14th
Amendment, and in Washington, D.C., breaks a federal law covering
similar ground.
The court specified, however, that the clause "erects no shield
against merely private conduct, however discriminatory or wrong-
ful."
It said there is no violation so long as the agreements are
carried out voluntarily.
two opinions handed down on the Tf een 0
issue. In neither did he go be-
yond the question of excludingT
would-be residents on the ground Ma
of "race and color." a e U S
Solicitor Philip B. Perlman, ino01 mT
oral argument of the cases, also
had discussed the question of ex-
clusion of Jews. After hearing to- Wres MngMentor
day's rulings read, he declined to rsin
speculate whether covenants ex- Is Britain-Bound
cluding persons on religious
grounds also are barred. The distinction of being Mich-
Justices Jackson, Reed and Rut- igan's first mat coach to be asso-
ledge took no part in the cases. ciated with a United States Olym-
Three separate actions were in- pie team was earned by Cliff
volved-one each from St. Louis, Keen, veteran Wolverine wres-
Detroit and the national capital. tling mentor.
The St. Louis and Detroit cases, S o ..1...v

ALL AMERICAN TRAINING-Fresh Air Camper starts his foot-
ball training early under the expert tutelage of Julie Franks,
former University football star and an All-American guard.
Julie, who is doing graduate work in psychology, served as a
counselor at the camp last summer.
TAG DAY TOMORROW:
TU' Fresh Air Camp Stresses
Need for Individual Attention

Botanical Gardens to Ann Ar-
bor.
The addition would make mor
land accessible to the city for fu
ture incorporation, Councilman
Henry T. Conlin said.

e
-

Accidents junp
Washtenaw County's traffic toll
took a quick leap over the week-
end as 15 people were hurt in 18
accidents.
This was the second-heaviest
accident weekend here for 1948.

SUBJECT IN TRANCE:
Audience Sees Psychiatrist
Reveal Powers of Hypnosis

II

World News
At aGlance
By 'he Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 3 - The
Supreme Court rocked the movie
industry today with a series of de-.
cisions which may cost the film
giants many millions of dollars.
CHICAGO, May 3-A federal
mediator seeking to avert a
paralyzing nationwide railroad
tieup set for May 11 said today,
"It looks very much like there
might be a strike."
** *:
WASHINGTON, May 3-Quick-
est possible action on the 15,000-
,000-hcmes-in-ten-years bill was
promised today by Chairman
Wolcott (Rep., Mich.) of the
House Banking Committee,
JERUSALEM, May 3-The
vanguard of strong British re-
inforcements reached Jerusalem
today while Scottish infantry-
men enforced a truce between
Jews and Arabs in the Holy
City's battered Katamon quar-
ter.
Jerusalem had its quietest day
in months.
PORTLAND, Ore., May 3---Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey of New York
tonight demanded that Commu-
nism be kept open and above
ground, and denounced as .a dem-
agogic appeal what he said were
"glib proposals" for outlawing it
in the United States.
* *- *
NEW YORK, May 3-The St.
Louis Post-Dispatch today won
the Pulitzer Prize for disinter-
ested and meritorious public
service by an American news-
paper in 1947. It was th? third
time the papcr had won they
award.
* * *
DETROIT, May 3 -;The CIO
United Auto Workers today issued
a demand for a 30-cent hourly
wage increase at Ford Motor Co.
plants.
-a t- "To lan I

If you want expert testimony
as to what the Fresh Air Camp,
whose annual tag day drive will
be held tomorrow, can do for
underprivileged boys, just ask a
man who knows-Julie Franks,
former University football star
who served as athletic assistant
at the camp last summer.
"You can't imagine what it does
for a kid who never knew how
to hold a bat when he is able to
play ball with the rest of the
fellows." Franks said.
The Feeling of Belonging
"For the first time he is part
of the group, and looked up to.
That gives hime the confidence he
rneeds and helps him fit in better
in other social situations," he ex-
plained.
Although l his sciaty wa ath-
letics, Franks said that he, like
the other counselors, emphasized
personal attention for each boy
in all activities. "We try to give
them the affection and under-
standing that they need but have
never had," he said.
Good food, rest, and work and
play with other children are fitted
into the camping program and
they all help make the boys better
citizens, he added.
Tag Day Contributions
Money for the equipment used
in camp activities, medical per-
sonnel, transportation and other
expenses is contributed by Uni-
versity students and faculty dur-
ing the annual tag day.
A goal of $5,000 has been set
Marble Aces
ToCom-pete
Ann Arbor's crack-shot marble
whizzes are polishing off their
eight - to - thirteen - year - old
'shootin' thums' for the City Mar-
bles Championship Tournament at
3:30 p.m. today, in Yost Field
House.
All junior (and sis too) need is
an ample supply of glassies, megs,
peewees, boulders (king-size jobs)
and five cents for entry fee to get
into the Graf-O'Hara Post No.
423, Veterans of Foreign Wars,
competition.
To the lucky winner will fall the
honor of defending Washtenaw
County's reputation against the
waxed knuckles of sharp-shooters
from such strongholds as Living-
-ton, Lenawee, Jackson, Monroe,
Hillsdale, Ingham, Eaton and
Oakland counties, in Ann Arbor,
May 9.
From there, some freckle-faced
conqueror will march on to the
state tournament at the VFW
National Home in Eaton Rapids
later in the month.
The path to glory continues
with a national tournament in
Kansas City.

by organizations sponsoring to-
morrow's tag day, including As-
sembly, AIM, Pan-Hel, IFC, the
League and the Union.
These groups have also been
active in developing the camp as
a student recreation center. Dur-
ing the spring and fall camp fa-
cilities are available to student
groups for picnics and dances.
Loeal Citizens
Protest Arrest
0 aa a m
Of Sen. Taylor
Several University faculty mem-
bers and townspeople sent a tele-
gram last night to the mayor of
Birmingham, Ala., protesting the
"terrorizing" of the Southern Ne-
gro Youth Congress and the ar-
resting and "manhandling" of
Senator Glen Taylor (Dem., Ida,).
Text of the telegram follows:
"Protest emphatically the action
of Birmingham police in terroriz-
ing Southern Negro Youth Con-
gress and arresting and manhan-
dling United States Senator Glen
Taylor. Supreme Court decisions
have frequently declared the ille-
gality of Jim Crow laws and up-
held the right of freedom of as-
sembly. Millions of Americans
stand ashamed at the perversion
of the constitutional rights and
immunities of citizens in your jur-
isdiction."
Signers of the telegram were:
Prof. John L. Brumm, Mr. Ralph
McPhee, Rabbi Hershel Lymon,
George Antonofsky, Prof. DeWitt
Parker, Prof. Wilfred Kaplan,
Prof. Preston Slosson, Prof. Theo-
dore Newcomb, Mrs. Mary New-
comb, and Prof. John Shepard.
Other signers were: Prof. Na-
thaniel Coburn, Prof. Roy Sellars,
Prof. Michael Pargment, Prof.
Lewis Vander Velde, Prof. Escri-
bano Y. Sanchez, Prof. Wesley
Maurer, Rev. Edward Redman,
Rev, Edward Blakeman, Dean Ba-
ker, and Lawrence Praaken.
Prof. Sumner Myers, Prof. Gail
Young. Prof. Raymond Wilder, Dr.
Leonard Thornhein, Maxwell
Read, and George Piranian com-
plete the list of signers of the
telegram.
Had 'Close Shave'
WASHINGTON, May 3-(iP)-
Senator Taylor of Idaho told the
Senate today he doubts he would
be alive if he had let himself be
provoked into "talking back" to
police after his arrest in Birming-
ham, Ala.
Taylor, Vice-Presidential can-
didate of Henry A. Wallace's new
party, was arrested on a disorderly
conduct charge. He was freed on
bail for a trial tomorrow.

Ann Arbor's Mayor William E.
Brown said last night that the
decision would work no hardship
in Ann Arbor because, "'there is
no problem here as far as I
know."
City Attorney William M.
Laird said that all the agree-
ments were purely private mat-
ters and that he didn't know
how the decision would affect
Ann Arbor residents.
involving state courts and laws,
were consolidated. The Washing-
ton case, purely federal, was han-
dled separately,
In all, however,, the results
were the same. Lower court de-
cisions upholding enforcement
of covenants were overturned.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
said in a statement at New York
that the decision is a "blow"
against segregation.
The St. Louis case was that of
Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Shelley, Ne-
groes. They bought property in an
area covered by a covenant re-
stricting it to Caucasian occu-
pancy until 1961. The agreement
provided forfeiture of the property
as the penalty for violation.
Spanish Club
Will Present
DramnaT oday
"Nuestra Natacha," La Sociedad
Hispanica's dramatic offering for
this year, will be presented at 8:301
p.m. today and tomorrow in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
Alejandro Casona's social drama
is cast entirely with members of
the Spanish Club. The three-act
play is under the direction of An-
thony Pasquariello of the Spanish
department, and makeup, props
and costumes have been handled
by the students.
The action of "Nuestra Nata-
cha" takes place in a Spanish uni-
versity and in a girls' reform
school.
Casona was long considered one
of the foremost Spanish dramat-
ists and educators until the
Franco regime banned his works
from the press and stage of Spain.
La Sociedad Hispanica will pre-
miere the play in this country.
Tickets will be on sale from 2
p.m. to 8:30 p.m. today and to-
morrow at the Lydia Mendelssohn
box office.

.een was named Saturday dur-
ing the Olympic trials at Ames,
Iowa to manage the 1948 U.S.
Olympic wrestling squad.
Producer of four Big Nine title
holders and coach of four mem-
bers of the 1928 Olympic squad,
Keen started preparations for the
welfare of this year's team by
making the necessary arrange-
ments for the outfit both in
America and in England.
The Wolverine mentor stated
that the team would probably
train for the Olympic games at
the United States Naval. Academy,
at Annapolis.
During his 23 years of wrestling,
Keen has trained 30 Big Nine
champions and produced nine na-
tional champions.
Keen directed Michigan to a
successful season this year as the
way tie for second place in the
Wolverines finished in a three-
Western Conference finals.
Jim Smith, who won the 136
pound class title paced Michigan
to its second place position behind
the Boilermakers of Purdue.
Keen protested the final rank-
ing on the basis that Betzig should
have won his event, but was the
locer when the officials decided
in favor of the Illinois matmen.
B ULLE TIN
BOGOTA, Colombia, May 3--
(A')-Colombia broke off diplo-
matic relations tonight with the
Soviet Union,
The Colombian cabinet decid-
ed late this afternoon to sever
relations with Russia almost a
month after the abortive revolu-
tion which took 1,504 lives in
Colombia.
A diplomatic rupture had
been expected ever since Presi-
dent Mariano Ospina Perez
blamed international Commu-
nism for the revolutionary riot-
ing which broke out following
the assassination of Liberal
leader Jorge Ellecer Gaitan,
April 9.
Engineering
S(hool To Vote
Class Office Seekers
Must File Petitions
Class officers for the College
of Engineering will be elected on
May 13, Ev Ellin, Engineering
Council president announced.
Students wishing to run for of-
fice may obtain a petition any
time up to 5 p.m. Thursday in the
Dean's office, Rm. 255 West En-
gine. All petitions must be in at
this time.
A president and secretary for
the freshman, sophomore and
junior classes will be elected, and
president, vice-president, secretary

By LIDA DAILIES
Marion Raspberry sat in the
packed Rackham Amphitheatre
last night, judiciously inspected
her surroundings, and calmly
stated that she saw no one there.
At the gentle, but insistent
questioning of Dr. Milton H.
Erickson, Eloise psychiatrist and
hypnosis expert, Miss Raspberry
quizzically raised her eyebrow but
repeated her statement. Thus, Dr.
Erickson, in his hypnosis demon-
stration, showed how the trained
hypnotist can induce negative hal-
lucination, a state in which the
subject cannot respond to outside

Miss Raspberry was describing the
contents of three other crystal
balls, a birthday party complete
with pinning-the-tail-on-the-don-
key and a male-suggested spin-
the-bottle game, a "splash" party
last August and a forgotten
Christmas celebration in her
school days.
Back to Nursing School
Miss Raspberry was then asked
by Dr. Erickson to "forget 1948,
1947 . . . " Transported to her
nursing-school days in 1941, she
pictured the day of her capping
ceremony.
'Trh vc, g1a, _ g I or4 i' it A. main

TR AIL-BLAZERS BEWARE:
Signs Sprout here Grass Grows

By FRSN IVICK
Slew-footed1 stuidents havel

Alpha Phi Omega, national serv-

dent walking to the campus side-

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