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April 24, 1948 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-04-24

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PROGRESSIVES'
ANSWER
See Page 4

Y

4jj A6F r A6P
Aqwpp- w t t

#a4i4

CLOUDY,
WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII No. 141 YANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1948
1 ______________________________________________

PRICE FIVE CEMS

Lewis, UMW
Spared More
Punishment
Output of Coal
Nearly Normal
WASHINGTON, April 23--(P)
-A federal court decided today
against any further punishment
at this time for John L. Lewis and
his miners for contempt. Coal
production spurted meanwhile to
almost normal for the first time
in six weeks.
Justice T. Alan Goldsborough,
the stern judge who twice has
slapped big fines on Lewis and the
United Mine Workers for striking
in defiance of a court order, com-
mented that:
"The court is more than happy
to know that the normal situation
is being restored.."
Fine, Sentence Postponed
He postponed indefinitely any
fine or prison sentence for civil
contempt of court. Three days
ago he fined Lewis $20,000 and the
UMW $1,400,000 for criminal con-
tempt.
This meant the miners still were
on their "good behavior" and
could be penalized for another
walkout. They are still under a
court injunction to keep digging
coal.
Goldsborough granted the gov-
ernment's request for a Taft-
Hartley Act injunction on Wed-
nesday, restraining the union and
its officers from striking during an
indefinite period.
How Act Applies
The Taft-Hartley Act, which'
Lewis has fought tooth and nail,
calls for an 80-day cooling off pe-
riod under such an injunction
against major walkouts.
If the miners continue to stream
back to work as they have been
doing since Tuesday night normal
output should be achieved next
Monday, in the opinion of govern-
ment attorneys.
Lewis sent out a frank plea to
the miners Tuesday to get on the
job immediately. That was after
the fines were imposed by Golds-
borough, but while there was still
a threat of jail and stiffer fines
to be meted out today.
The pension dispute which
touched off the strike Matrch 15 is
by no means settled. Lewis has
called a meeting of the trustees
Monday. The others are Ezra Van
Horn, Cleveland, for the operators,
and Senator Bridges (Rep., N.H.),
the neutral member.
Bridges and Lewis made a com-
promise settlement April 12 on
the basis of which the UMW chief
said the pension dispute was over.
Van Horn has asked a court in-
junction against the Bridges-
Lewis plan.
Callahan Law
Repeal Asked
The University's Committee for
Academic Freedom has requested
the State Legislature to repeal the
"so-called 'Callahan Law' " and
abolish the "Callahan Commit-
tee," according to William O'Neill,
secretary of the group,
In a letter to the Senate, dated
April 22, MCAF charged that the
Callahan Committee has intimi-
dated the administrative heads of
the universities, the colleges, and

the public schools of the state by
its avowed purpose of purging the
educational institutions of al-
leged subversive influences."
The MCAF letter also attacked
the Committee's demand for the
membership list of the American
Veterans' Committee at Michigan
State College and the Commit-
tee's questioning of James Zar-
ichny, MSC student and alleged
} Communist.
* * *
Lay Dow. ction
I Coitteutpt C(ase
LANSING, April 23-(/P)-The
Attorney General's office today
laid down the procedure uinder
which the Senate could punish a
Michigan State College student
for contempt of the Senate.
The opinion was requested by
the Callahan Committee on Un-
American Activities after James
Zarichny, a Flint senior at M.S.C.,
refused to tell the committee
whether he was a Communist.
The Attorney General's Depart-

- m

WORLD FEDERATION:
UWF Forum Delegates
To Hear Top Authorities

The UWF World Government
College Forum will move into its
second day today as 500 delegates
from 60 schools throughout the
Midwest assemble to hear four
top-notch authorities on interna-
tional affairs discuss World Fed-
eration.
Dr. Frederick L. Schuman, pro-
fessor of physical science at Wil-
liams College, who has been de-
scribed as having "one of the
keenest minds in the field of p-
litical science," heads a roster of
speakers including Wallace Thor-
sen, specialist in international re-
lations; Dr. Edward Teller, atomic
scientist, and Dr. Holmes Beck,
prominent exponent of Federal
World Government.
Two Sessions
The speakers will address the
delegates and campus at large in
two sessions meeting from 9:15
a.m. to noon and 2 to 3:40 p.m. in
Rackham Auditorium.
Thorsen will open the first ses-
sion with an analysis of the "Unit-
ed Nations-Past, Present and Fu-
ture." He will be followed by Dr.
Teller, professor of physics at the
University of Chicago, speaking
on "Atomic Energy and World
Government."
The second session will open
with a speech on "World Govern-
ment-Dream or Duty" by Dr.
Schuman. A question period will
follow.
"Common Sense"
At 6:30 p.m. Dr. Robert Holmes
Beck, professor of education at
the University of Minnesota, will
speak to the delegates on "Com-
mon Sense."
Tomorrow, four more speakers
are scheduled to address the stu-
dent body-Rev. Leslie T. Pen-
nington, John Schmidt, Philpps
Ruopp and Dr. Paul Arthur
Schilpp.
Purpose of the three-day con-
vention is to promote more intel-
ligent discussion of the social, po-
litical and economic implications
of World Government.
* *
HVSC, Chicago
Debaters Open;
UWF Forum.
The University of Chicago and
Michigan State College took the
affirmative and negative respect-
ively yesterday in a hotly debated
discussion on the subject: Re-
solved that a Federal World Gov-
ernment should be established.
The debate marked the openI g
of a three day World Government
College Forum at the University
sponsored by the United World
Federalists.
The Chicago team, composed of
Sheldon Stein and Larry Bostan,
said that, because the United Na-
tions cannot cope with interna-
tional problems, a World Govern-
ment is needed which will limit
the war-making powers of the
sovereign states. Bernice Maran-
tette and Arthur Brindell of the
Michigan State team argued that.
a world scheme does not offer
anything better than what we
have 1.ave in the UN today. .
Uou olasites issite
IDebate (Challenge
The newly-formed "Student
Committee for Douglas" chal-
lenged all the campus political
clubs to a free-for-all debate on
candidates before the SL presi-
dential poll Tuesday.
Temporary Chairman Jay No-
lan issued the call to the Wallace
Progressives, the Young Republi-
cans and Young Democrats. He

suggested the debate be held to-'
morrow or Monday night.

# W *

DR. FREDERICK L. SCHUMAN
... to speak here

Police Wreck

tI

CIO, Building
In MeatStrike
Attack Against Mass
PicketingInjures 10
KANSAS CITY, Kas., April 23
-A)--Police, ordered to stop
mass picketing in the packing-
house strike here, wrecked a CIO
hall today in a 10-minute skull-
cracking charge which sent 10
persons to hospitals.
Following the bloody police at-
tack on strikers at the strike-
bound Cudahy Packing Company
plant, a temporary restraining or-
der was issued against illegal
picketing there.
The District Court action came
even as officials of the United
Packinghouse Workers of America
CIO ordered their members to
cease work at eight other plants,
previously unaffected.
Seventy policemen, the entire
Kansas City, Kas., force, rushed
the union hall near the plant a
few minutes after they had
cleared the streets of pickets.
They rushed the union hall af-
ter Police Captain Eli Dahlin had
attempted to tell the strikers over
a safety car loudspeaker that the
police were "not going to take
any more guff" in the 39-day-old
strike at Cudahy's, Wilson & Co.,
and Armour & Co.
Ralph M. Baker, District Direc-
tor of the United Packinhouse
Workers of America, said the po-
lice were guilty of "common bru-
tality" and ordered union mem-
bers at the eight smaller packing
plants to walk out.
Baker said that 100 otlher per-
sons were injured, but none ser-
iously enough to be hospitalized.
lReut her'sArm'
IMuy le Saved
DETROIT, April 23-S(EP)Wal-
ter P. Reuther received the wel-
come news today that his shat-
tered right arm may be repaired.
The president of the CIO Unit-
ed Auto Workers was shot down
Tuesday night by an unknown
gunman. His arm nearly was
ripped from his body.
While doctors compared notes
on Reuther's progress, a mystery
witness--a Mr. X-entered the po-
lice manhunt for the would-be
killer.
He was brought. to police head-
quarters in greatest secrecy in the
midst of routine questioning of
Reuther's political foes within the
big union.

Revision of
Union Setup
To Be Asked
Greater Student
Control Sought
Two ptoposals aimed at giving
men students a greater voice in
the operation of the union will be
acted on at a meeting of Union
members at 7:30 p.m. Monday in
the ballroom.
Open to all men students, the
meeting will act on six constitu-
tional amendments designed to
For the full text of proposed
amendments to the6Union Con-
stitution, see page 6.
increase student control on vital
committees and in the selection of
vice-presidents. At least 400 men
must attend the meeting before
action can be taken on the pro-
posals.
Union Vice - President Tom
Walsh has introduced the amend-
ments calling for additional stu-
dents on committees.
Greater Student Voice
His proposals would give stu-
dents a greater voice on the fi-
nance committee which deter-
mines cafeteria and tap room
prices. TherWalsh amendments
also call for more students on
the appointments committee
which selects Union senior offi-
cerls.
Another set of amendments has
been drawn up by the Union
Board of Directors calling for a
change in the selection of student
vice-presidents. The Board's pro-
posal asks that the number of
student vice-presidents be in-
creased from six to seven.
Proposed Changes
Under the proposed plan five
vice-presidents would be elected
from undergraduate schools and
two from graduate schools of the
University. This plan would elim-
inate the chairman of the Men's
Judiciary Council who now holds
an ex-officio vice-presidential,
post on the Board.
Minor changes proposed in-
clude moves to place election of
student vice-presidents under su-
pervision of the Union student
governing board and to utilize
Roberts Rules of Order in running
all meetings.
-a t--Hartley
Act DiscusseId
Both sides of the Taft-Hartley
labor law question came out last
night when Prof. Russell A.
Smith, secretary of the Law
School and Prof. Richard F. Watt,
of the University of Chicago Law
School met in a panel discussion
sponsored by campus chapter of
the National Lawyers' Guild.
Prof. Watt charged that "the
purpose of the Act is to create
confusion in the ranks of labor
and eliminate effective union
leadership."
Prof. Smith replied that "the
worst thing about the measure is
that it was born in a spirit of in-
tolerance and revenge - which
does not make for good labor-
management relations."
He said that although he dis-
agreed with a few of the details,
"the act was necessary and inevi-
table."

The anti-Communist section of
the Act is an attempt to weaken
unionism so that in the event of
an economic depression labor
would be unable to protect its in-
terests, according to Prof. Watts.
Voicing disapproval of the re-
(cent decision against John L.
Lewis, Prof. Watt said that "the
injunction used might well be at-
tacked on constitutional grounds."

Bargain-Counter
Training_!Setup
Plat Calls for Temporary Training
Of 18, 19-Year-Olds With Draftees,
WASHINGTON, April 23-(;P)-A bargain-counter preparedness
plan under which 18 and 19-year-olds would be trained along with
draftees for the time being, instead of in a separate Universal Military
Training program, was approved today by Secretary of Defense
Forrestal.
Under this plan, proposed by Senators Baldwin (Rep., Conn.),
Tydings (Dem., Md.) and others, the cost of a separate UMT setup,
with its far-flung system of camps and other institutions, would be
largely avoided for the present. Sponsors said it would be a feasible
way of providing the nation quickly with trained reserves.
l)ouble-Barrelled Build-Up
The Administration had recommended two methods of building
up the armed forces and reserve.

Daily-Lipsey.
DOUBLE EXPOSURE--Michigras-goers still have a chance
tonight to smile for the birdie at The Daily Darkroom. Above,
Jim Schnieder and Jean Swendeman pose behind a picturesque
cardboard front, one or several unusual ones.
HONORS SPEAKER:
Gould Assails 'Materialism'
Of U.S. University Education

The tremendous materialistic'
power that man now wields has
solved no single problem of exist-
ence, but has resulted in unrest
and fear, Dr. Lawrence McKinley
Gould said atithe University's
Honors Convocation yesterday.
Dr. Gould, president of Carleton
College, Northfield, Minn, and a
University alumnus, cited lack of
faith in the "moral order of the
universe" as the fundamental
cause of the search for security.
Restless Materialism
This restless materialism ex-
tends to education, where, he said,
"we are too interested in the num-
* * *
Possibilityo
War int Arctc
Slight --- Gould
Because aviation has not yet
developed far enough, the possi-
bility of an Arctic war within the
next two years is very slight, Dr.
Lawrence McKinley Gould said in
an interview with The Daily yes-
terday.
"However, planes could be de-
veloped that would make it very
possible for any future war to be
fought in the far north," the
noted geologist added.
Dr. Gould, president of Carleton
College and principal speaker at
yesterday's Honors Convocation,
has made two trips to the Arctic,
in 1926 and in 1927. A year later
he accompanied Admiral Byrd as
second-in-command of his 1928-
30 Antarctic expedition.
Though settled in his position as
a college president, Dr. Gould still
looks forward to future expedi-
tions. "Of course, I have expedi-
tions planned," he said, "but
Heaven only knows how a college
president can find time to make
them. Anyway, I'll keep on
dreaming about them."
Dr. Gould, who holds three de-
grees from the University, had one
very special friend among his au-
dience at Hill Auditorium yester-
day. He was Prof. Emer. William
H. Hobbs, who led Dr. Gould and
his fellow scientists on the Uni-
versity of Michigan Greenland
expedition in 1926.
Tenisi Meetln l
Last night's meeting of the
Board in Control of Intercol-
legiate Athletics which dis-
cussed the tennis court situa-
tion lasted until after The
Daily's deadline. A complete
story will appear in tomorrow's
Daily.

Forrestal

Okays

ber enrolled in colleges and uni-
versities."
"The purpose of a university is
the transmission of culture," Dr.
Gould explained, "and yet, you are
reaping the results of its failure.
Specialization has filered down
too much to the undergraduate
level, where it is abused."
Although curricula should be
centered around literature and
philosophy, they are rather con-
centrated in technical and profes-
sional training, he said.
Dimensions of Education,
"Education is four miles wide
and one inch deep," Dr. Gould ob-
served. "We have a great knowl-
edge of things and power, but not
of justice, beauty and goodness."
Citing the Hebrew-Christian
tradition as an example of under-
emphasis in education, Dr. Gould
said "the tradition survived be-
cause the Jews believed in God, in
the individual as sacred, and in
certain inalienable rights. They
never had the great trappings of
power."
Even in the face of restlessness
and cynicism, Dr. Gould said the
spirit should be important. We
should not be guided by expedi-
ency, but by the principles which
have piloted this country before
in the great times of history, he
said.
Dniving Rules
May Tighten
Possible tightening of Univer-
sity automobile regulations looms
for student. car-users, John P.
Gwin, adminisrative assistant in
the Office of Student Affairs, told
a radio audience yesterday.
Speaking from Dean Erich A.
Walter's office, Gwin said that
the University felt that a large
number of student cars-about
3,600 this year-creates traffic
hazards.
Furthermore, he said that the
city of Ann Arbor has complained
to the University that the increase
in student-driven automobiles has
gravely reduced city parking
space.
If more stringent driving regu-
lations are put into effect, they
can be expected shortly, Gwin
said. Gwin attributed the 125 per
cent increase in driving permits
over 1945 to the increased enroll-
ment of older and married stu-
dents.
He expressed the hope that the
car problem will take care of it-
self, as married students and older
students driving on business per-
mits are graduated and the Uni-
versity returns to its pre-war av-
erage-age level

1. A temporary selective service
law. Under this law, young men,
perhaps 19 through 25 years of
age, would be inducted for pos-
sibly two years service in the
armed forces.
2. A longer-range UMT plan
under which youths, say 18 and 19
years of age, would be given Uni-
versal Military Training. Under a
plan approved by the House
Armed Services Committee,sthey
would be given six months of
basic training in UMT camps or
ships.
Then they would have the
choice of undergoing six months
more of training or of return-
ing to school or work and taking
further training with the Na-
tional Guard or Reserves. These
youths would not be in the armed
forces and could not be called to
fight except by act of Congress.
Under the Senatorial plan, the
start of this separate UMT train-
ing plan would be delayed for at
least a year. But the youths would
be trained, say for six months, by
the regular armed forces. Then
they would be released on con-
dition that they join the National
Guard or Reserves.
For Minimum Cost
Forrestal, in a letter to Senatdr
Gurney (Rep., S.D.), chairman of
the Senate Armed Service Com-
mittee, said he believes some such
plan, "If superceded as soon as
possible by a program of Univer-
sal Military Training," would
"give us a maximum military
strength for a minimum of cost."
He emphasized that he was still
in favor of UMT.
Forrestal's offer to delay the
start of UMT was his second com-.
promise this week. Congressional
demands for a 70-group air force
led him on Wednesday to in-
crease his original 55-group esti-
mate to 66.
Debate Crown
Lansing Eastern high school last
night copped the state champion-
ship debate title over Detroit
Pershing high school.
The topic was compulsory gov-
ernmental arbitration of labor
disputes.
The winners, Jim Starr and
Don Joliff, coached by Therman
G. Harris, upheld the affirmative,
while Carol Hodge and Joan Pin-
kos defended the negative. The
Pershing coach is Theodore H.
Baruch.
The debate last night, directed
by the University Extension Serv-
ice and sponsored by the Free
Press, was part of Michigan High
School Forensic Day.
The event brought over 1,000
high school students to town for
a full program which included a
tour of campus, Michigras parade,
Rose Bowl movies and the Honors
Convocation yesterday morning.

Marshall Flies
Back to U.S.
From Bogota
'Important Events'
Call Secretary Home
BOGOTA, Colombia, April 23-
(A')h-Secretary of State George C.
Marshall flew home tonight from
the Pan American Conference.
He left the afternoon session of
the conference after telling fellow
delegates that important events
demanded his return to Was-
ington.
Marshall's unexpected depart-
ure was reported to be prompted
by an accumulation of problems
demanding his attention in Wash-
ington rather thany by any par
ticular crisis in world affairs.
Palestine Most Urgent
Perhaps the most urgent prob-
lem of foreign policy which might
require early action by Marsha
is the Palestine situation.
The United States is kIng
through the United Nations to put
an end to fighting in the Holy
Land, and arrange a trusteeship
government, but it is still highly
uncertain whether this plan will
be successful.
Other Problems
Other current problems on
which Marshall may have to make
decisions soon after his return
here include the question of mili-
tary backing for the Western Eu-
ropean nations and possible Rus-
sian reaction to the Communist
defeat in last week's Italian elec-
tion.
Washington officials said they
knew of no compelling reason why
Marshall should remain in Bo-
gota. They expressed the view that
the important work of the Inter-
American Conference has been
completed, despite the fact it was
interrupted by the revoluti6n
which broke out in Bogota, April
9'
Although the conference may
continue another week, Marshall
said he had stayed in Bogota
longer than expected because he
felt the critical situation made it
necessary that he remain until the
most fundamental issues were
agreed upon.
T) Costs Hit
Record Fiotire
It will cost the University a rec-
ord-smashing $792 to educate you
next year.
According to figures released by
University officials the cost of put-
ting each student through school
during 1948-49 will be $80 more
than this year. This school year
estimated cost-per-student was
only $712.
Just as the cost of living keeps
coaring, so has the cost of getting
University students one step near-
er that coveted degree. Cost hikes
have been attributed to higher
vriced materials, pay boosts and
larger enrollment in advanced
courses.
More than half, or $415, of the
cost-per-student will be paid by
state appropriations. Some $300
of the cost will be taken care of by
tuition while $17 comes from mis-
cellaneous sources.
A portion of the increased costs
are being met by the recently an-

FOR WAA SWIMMING POOL, FRESH AIR (AMP:
MichigrasParades to Gala
- ,

Weekend Carnival

Parade...
Thousands of spectators were
swept up in the carnival spirit
yesterday as a mile-long parade

heightened by several calliopes in
the line of march plus barkers ex-
tolling the merits of their booths
at the Field House. Plenty of fem-
inine pulchritude festooned the
MA ,' * trn nri.n inttifn-'

' 7

terrorized comely coeds at fre-I

quent intervals by breaking
of his beribboned cage to

I&

out
run

Cfarn11ival .I
Everybody loves a carnival-
and that goes double for the
thousands of "staid"students who
jammed their way into Yost Field

on student recreation centers, If
the long lines before virtually
every concession last night mean
anything this year's Michigras
should bring the women's swim-
ming pool and revamped Fresh

thrill to the same dare-devil rides
which drew thousands last night,
Nearly fifty booths line the
walls and fill the center of the
giant feild house where last
night's patrons got a chance to at-
tempt every game known to the

amok among spectators.
The vaunted Campus Cop came
in for his share of jibes as sev-

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