THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, APRIL 13, 1948
WHILE THE DRAFT LAW being un-
wrapped by Congress has met with the
usual general gripes from various groups all
over the country, one particular group of
Americans has come out so strongly opposed
to iti that they itm- to face treason
charges rather than he drafted.
Testifying before the Senate Armed
Services Committee the end of last month,
A. Philip Randolph, head of the Union
of Sleeping Car Porters, said that he
would ask the Negroes of this country to
refuse to participate in the draft or in
UNMT if the segregation laws were con-
tinued in the armed services.
"Negroes do not propose to shoulder an-
other gun 4for democracy while they are
denied democracy at home," he declared.
He added, "Millions of Negroes will re-
fuse to be drafted into a Jim Crow Army,"
and when members of the Committee sug-
gested that they would be subject to treason
laws, Randolph replied that "We would b6
willing to pay the price."
Reaction to Randolph's strong statements
have varied throughout the nation. He re-
ceived immediate support from his fellow
testifier, Grant Reynolds, a member of the
New York State Commission of Corrections
and former Army chaplain. He told the
committee that he had been practically
"railroaded" out of the service for pro-
testing against bad treatment of Negro
soldiers. He said that he had come to
the conclusion that non-cooperation was
the only method the Negroes had to fight
Max Lerner of PM also came out sup-
porting Randolph's stand. He pointed out
that "in its deepest sense World War III
will be fought out all over the world as an
ideological war . . . and in such a struggle
one of the real enemies within is Jim Crow
. . . .it is he who will be committing
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: BEN ZWERLING
One of the members of the Senate Com-
mittee, Wayne Morse, who has been fight-
ing for Civil Rights Legislation, felt that
such a stand can only harm the civil rights
cause. Some Negroes agreed. The Louisville
Courier Journal quoted four of them in a
reaction news story as "shocked" at the
proposal and believing that a "man should
serve his country regardless of the injustices
he has suffered because of internal issues."
In an editorial the following day, the
Courier Journal mentioned two other Louis-
ville Negroes who would back Randolph, but
failed to quote their statements. The news-
paper, itself, held that renewed selective
service was being considered because of the
prospect of danger to the security of all
from the tyranny of undemocratic forces.
What the Courier Journal and the others
opposing Randolph's position fail to realize
is that many American Negroes feel they
have nothing to lose. Numerous Negroes
entered the last war reluctant to fight
for "American democracy." Bad treatment
in the service further enhanced this feeling.
And when some had served abroad and
could contrast the enjoyment of equal priv-
ileges with whites with their treatment at
home, their bitterness increased.
It is no wonder that Randolph believes
he can count on the support of millions
of Negroes for civil disobedience. That this
would harm the cause of civil rights is cer-
tainly a possibility.
But where has the cause of civil rights
advanced in the last decade? As the Cour-
ier Journal pointed out, Negroes gained
jobs previously not open to them during
the war. Do the Negroes still have these
jobs? What happened to the FEPC legis-
lation, and what about the Civil Rights
legislation which was more recently
It is a drastic step that Randolph pro-
poses, but we feel that he is justified in
making it. It is sad that treasonous action
is all that is left to the Negroes if they
want equal rights and opportunities in the
next generation-instead of maybe in the
Academic Freed in
IT IS ALWAYS rather a shock to find that
the men who deal constantly with the
interplay of ideas refuse to put them intoj
I refer to the action of a Lincoln B.
Hale, president of Evansville College, and
the college's board of trustees, in ousting a
young professor because of his political ac-
As the only explanatory statement did
not question the professor's teaching abil-
ities, we can assume that he was an able
man in his fields of religion and phils-
The action of the professor, Dr. George
Parker, which seemingly touched oft the
dismissal, was his chairmanship of an
Evansville Wallace rally. Parker has evi-
dently consistently and openly espoued
Wallace's cause outside the classroom.
The statement of dismissal reads: "The
college fully subscribes to the principle of
academic freedom, but believes that the
individual who exercises the privilege must
assume the responsibility for his utterances
and actions when they destroy confidence
and faith in the instituition of which he
is a member."
Hale further remarked that Parker's "po-
litical activities both on and off the cam-
pus" had brought his "usefulness to Evans-
ville college to an end."
Unfortunately President Hale has re-
fused to amplify his statement, so we are
denied a full interpretation of his evi-
dently new meaning for "academic free-
dom." We had assumed it covered the
right to free statement of beliefs by any
Certainly a professor must "assume the
respcnsibility for his utterances," but Dr.
Parker was not inciting to .riot, he was
merely carrying out what can be consid-
ered part of the duties of citizenship.
To say that a man's usefulness to an
institution of higher learning is at an end
because he supports a presidential can-
didate evidently disliked by the college
administration seems rather a contradic-
tion of the supposed purposes of univer-
Evansville College trustees maintain they
still "fully subscribe" to the principle of
academic freedom. The big question then
seems to be: what does academic freedom
mean when the rights attached to the
phrase are no longer followed?
Dr. Parker has refused to resign, and
the students of the college have pledged
him their support. The next move is up to
the trustees. It is also up to other college
professors and other college presidents to
decide what "academic freedom" really
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(EDITOR'S NOTE: Bill Mauldin has decided to take a few months off:
his last cartoon is printed above. The Daily will replace him with AP
cartoons temporarily, until we can obtain a new regular cartoonist.)
Letters to the Editor ...
The Daily accords its readers the
priviletie of submitting letters for
publication in this column. Subject
to sp:ie limitations, the general pol-
icy is to publish in the order in wiihch
they are received all letters bearing
the writer's signature and address.
Letters exceeding 300 words, repeti-
tious letters and letters of a defama-
tory character or such letters which
for any other reason are not in good
taste will not be published. The
editors reserve the privilege of con-
* * *
To the Editor:
AM ONE of those unfortunate
students who find it necessary
to eat while attending the Uni-
versity, and to search vainly for
a reasonable source of food. I
understand that the Union enjoys
a "reasonable" margin from its
cafeteria, but only for the support
of other diverse, profitless Union
ventures. Undoubtedly certain
campus minority groups may pro-
fit from such allocations but
would not the greatest service
to all be rendered by a separate,
profitless Union cafeteria?-even
at the risk of having it swamped
by a starving hoard?
As an antidote for possible
"buck passing" may I recommend
a visit to Ann Arbor High School's
cafeteria. In this self supporting
Utopia one may find: a fruit
drink, bottle of milk, bread and
butter, main dish, excellent mixed
salad and dessert for $.35 ($.30
for high school students.)
Despite the fact that this well
prepared food is served in quan-
tity, a slight profit is enjoyed!
-William M. Fox.
and aeronautical engineering;
chemistry, and physics.
Detroit Civil Service Examina-
tion has been received for Junior
Welfare Investigator, salary
include courses in business ad-
ministration and social science.
Age limits are 23 to 40 years. Clos-
ing date, April 19.
For complete information, call
at the Bureau of Appointments.
The Director of Personnel, De-
troit Public Schools, will be at the
Bureau of Appointments on
Thursday, April 15, to interview
teacher candidates in the follow-
ing fields: kindergarten, elemen-
tary grades, elementary science,
elementary art, elementary , li-
brary, elementary industrial arts,
vocal music, commercial subjects,
and special education.
The Assistant Superintendient
of the Dearborn Public Schools
will be at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments on Wed., April 14, to in-
terview teachers in the following
fields: kindergarten, early ele-
mentary grades, later elementary
grades, speech correction, social
studies with a background in
13, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
A pupil of Gilbert Ross, Miss
Bleekman has chosen composi-
tions by Handel, Vieuxtemps, and
Mendelssohn for her recital. The
public is invited.,
No Permianent Merger
IT HAS been suggested several times that
the many liberal organizations on cam-
pus would be more effective if they united to
form one solid group. While this sounds like
a feasible proposal on the surface, actually
past history as well as present views make
such a merger impossible.
Let us take, for example, the probability
for ADA and YPCM uniting. One of the
reasons for the formation of ADA in the first
place was tha'--they organizers believed in
certain principles of freedom and economic
security for which theyfelt they could not
fight with people in their ranks holding
what they considered totalitarian beliefs.
For that reason, people who are known to
be Communists are excluded. YPCM, on the
other hand draws no such line, admitting
anyone. The impossibility of such a merger
on the question of membership alone can be
Mr. Bluinrosen, in a Daily editorial, says
that "there is a broad basis for agreement
among almost all the liberal groups on
campus." What would have happened in the
Czechoslovakian issue if we only had one
liberal organization? IRA and YPCM would
have fought to the last not tohave the ONE
group espouse the cause. And they might
have won, too!
A presidential election is coming up.
YPCM will, of course, support Wallace. It is
possible, almost certain,-that the other lib-
eral organizations will have differing atti-
tudes toward our present foreign policy.
Thus, a permanent merger would be
abruptly terminated when the first issu
causing disagreement arouse. After all,
if you believe in ERP and the one outlet"
for your political activity officially comes
out against it, you either leave the group
or feel rather hypocritical.
We've been talking about the differences
among the organizations, but how about the
similarities? The groups frequently see eye-
to-eye, on specific issues that come up. In
that event, the groups DO work together,
but they retain their individuality.
What might be set up instead of a per-
manent meirger is a central group formed
by representatives of the many organiza-
tions so that on the drives and campaigns
that several of them co-sponsor a mini-
mum of energy would be wasted.
At theStte . .
"THE EXILE," with
Jr., and Paule Croset.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
I CALLED on Senator Taft in Washington
the other day, to continue the informal
series I've been doing on the leading Presi-
He met me with more smile than I'd ex-"
pected, maybe because he appreciated the
amusing aspects of being interviewed by
someone who had denounced him fairly
steadily for ten years.
I asked him about selective service and
universal military training. He . said the
President might get the first without the
second. Then he did something which (I
came to feel before we were through) was
characteristic. He proceeded to break the
question down, to shred it. He went into a
long thing about how it was wrong to start
with a draft, how we had to figure our over-
all strategic defense plan first, then look
into it to see what manpower was needed,
and whether you couldn't get enough for,
say, a big air force, by .voluntary means. He
felt the services were not getting along too
well together, and were far from perfect
agreement on defense, and that we were
kind of rushing into a draft instead of work-
ing up a plan. "I don't see what U.M.T. has
to do with the Russians anyway," he said.
"They could put three million men on the
ground to our one."
Sitting opposite this small, cool man, one
suddenly had a strange feeling that if he
were President it wouldn't make much dif-
f-ir'ne.whn w ain the rplex ward.F or
to make it cost less, and still others that we
should have none. Taft came out for ex-
actly $750,030,000 of relief for the following
'year. I'd remembered it for twelve years, be-
cause he was the only man in the entire
campaign who had said exactly how much
relief he was for.
re ewas * 'I *
I asked him about the current crisis in
foreign affairs, and he shredded that one.
"We don't know how serious it is," he said.
"Has the President any information we
don't have? It doesn't look as if the Rus-
sians will attack us with an army. What has
changed in the last two years? They say
Czechoslovakia but Czechoslovakia has been
Communist-dominated right along; when
the Communists are in control of the police,
that's domination. I have no information
that the Russians are contemplating aggres-
sion. We bluster and get everybody worked
up. We should walk softly and carry a big
He stopped and became very thoughtful.
"The Russians are very unreasonable,"
he said. "I'm as anxious to be against
Russia as anybody. I don't really object to
our policy; it's the atmosphere and the
way we do it."
He stopped again. His hard-headedness
seemed rather attractive in frantic Wash-
ington. Then I remembered that his rather
similar approach hadn't seemed very at-
tractive in 1940, when Hitler was the issue.
It hadn't been of much help to the world
W AY BACK in 1660 Charles Stuart had
to light out from England with the big
bad "Roundheads" hot on his trail, and
now, in 1948, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., has
taken his breeches out of mothballs and
polished up his sword for two reels of gay
cavalier fantasy. Surrounded by loyal and
longhaired nobles, the exiled king is living
by his wits and blarney in Holland until the
happy day when he is called back to his
throne. But numerous stuffy characters
have designs on his head, so our merry hero
retires to a muchly tuliped farm and makes
himself handy with the posies and the
pretty proprietress. Until the happy day
when his team comes shining through at
home he keeps busy with pretty Katie, and
her mortgage troubles eluding the "Round-
heads" in mad chases though Inns and
windmills and just generally conducting
himself as befits a king and Douglas Fair-
banks, Jr. It's too, too cute and cavalierish
for words, but the "lets duel this one out"
attitude of 17th century politics is a nice
change from current world armament.
At the Michi Can .
CASS TIMBERLANE, Spencer Tracy,
Lana Turner, Zachary Scott.
UNLESS YOU'RE WELL up on Sinclair
Lewis, this sounds like a story about a
lumber camp, but actually it's the name of
a judge, who is played in a staid, dignified
manner by Spencer Tracy.
The long tale relates the ups and downs
of the judge's marriage to Lana, who, in-
cidentally, finally plays the type of role for
which she is most fitted-that of an active,
tom-boyish gal who wants everything out of
In getting Spence, she doesn't do so well,
because they resemble a father-daughter
team more than that of husband and wife.
That's where Zack Scott comes in.
He is a voung lawyer who dresses and
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room
1021 Angel Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (I1:00
TUESDAY, APRIL 13, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 131
Users of the D.O.B.-Because of
the inordinate length of the Daily
OfficialyBulletin the Editor is ob-
liged to warn users of the Bul-
letin that no notice will be printed
more than twice and furthermore,
that the Editor expects to use his
own judgment in reducing un-
reasonably long notices to reason-
Frank E. Robbins
Assistant to the President
Group Hospitalization and Sur-
cal Service: During the period
iron April 5 through April 15, the
'niversity Business Office, (Room
9, University Hall) will accept new
applications as well as requests
fo changes in contracts now in
effect. These new applications and
2hanges become effective June 5,
,vith the first payroll deduction on
May 31. After April 15, no new ap-
plications or changes can be ac-
cepted until October, 1948.
Deadline for Veteran Requisitions
The following dates have been
sstablished governing the final
purchases of books, supplies and
equipment for Veteran Students
for the Second Semester 1947-48.
All requisitions must be approv-
ed by the Faculty on or before
M ay 1, 1948. The local book stores
are not authorized to accept re-
quisitions after May 4, 1948.
All veterans enrolled under ei-
ther Public Law 346 or Public Law
16, whose addresses have changed
since last fall's registration, should
notify the Regional Office of the
Veterans Administration, Detroit,
Michigan, of the change if they
have not already done so. Forms
for this purpose should be obtain-
td in Room 100A, Rackham Bldg.
All manuscripts entered in the
Hopwood Contests must be in the
English Office, 3221 Angell Hall,
Wednesday, April 14, not later
than 4:30 p.m.
Applicants for Combined Curri-
cula: Applications for admission to
a combined curriculum must be
made before April 20 of the final
preprofessional year. Application
forms may be obtained at 1220 An-
gell Hall and should be filed with
the Secretary of the Committees
at that office.
Housing for Men-Summer Ses-
sion. Information and applica-
tions are now available in the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, Room 2,
Women Students: supplemen-
tary housing applications are now
being accepted in the Office of the
Dean of Women for the summer
session and fall semester. Con-
tracts should be signed as soon as
Members of the Women's Glee
Club going to Saginaw on April 13
have late permission until 1:30
Summer Jobs: A representative
from Camp Kitanniwa, Morris
Lake, near Hastings, Michigan,
will be at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments on Wed., April 14, 3 p.m. to
interview girls interested in the
following types of camp positions:
unit leaders, handicraft, camp-
craft, sports and games, water-
front. For further information call
at 201 Mason Hall.
Mr. E. L. Bowsher, Superinten-
dent of Schools of Toledo, Ohio,
will be at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments on Thurs., April 15, 4 p.m.,
205 Mason Hall, for a discussion
meeting with teacher candidates
interested in an assignment to the
Toledo City School System.
BUREAU OF APPOINTMENTS
AND OCCUPATION INFORMA-
TION, 201 Mason Hall.
J. C. PENNEY & COMPANY
kill have a representative at the
Bureau of Appointments on
Thurs., April 15, to interview men
interested in a training course for
THE PROCTOR & GAMBLE
COMPANY will have a represen-
tative here on Thurs., April 15, to
interview men interested in sales.
THE FIRESTONE TIRE AND
RUBBER COMPANY will have a
representative here on Thursday
and Friday, April 15 and 16, to
interview men interested in their
sales training course.
THE PRUDENTIAL INSUR-
ANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA,
Newark, New Jersey, will have a
representative here on Fri., April
16, to interview men for sales.
J.L. HUDSON COMPANY will
have a representative here on Fri.,
April 16, to interview both men
and women for their Executive
THE BLAW KNOX CORPORA-
TION, Pittsburgh, Pa., will have a
representative here on Fri., April
16, to interview chemical, mech-
anical, and electrical engineers-
also civil. engineers who are inter-
ested in structural or architectur-
al design. All levels of degrees.
Fairchild Engine and Airplane
Corporation, Oakridge, Tenn., will
have two representatives here on
Thursday and Friday, April 15
and 16, to interview physicists,
all levels; mathematicicans, all
levels; chemists, B.S. level with no
experience and one physical
chemist, B.S. level with no expe-
rience and one physical chemist
at M.S. level vith some experi-
For complete information and
appointments with these com-
panies, call at the Bureau of Ap-
Bureau of Appointments and Oc-
cupational Information, 201 Ma-
The Virginia Polytechnic Insti-
tute, Blacksburg, Virginia, is in
need of instructors and assist-
ant professors in the fields of me-
chanical, electrical, industrial,
world geography, and
University Community Center
Willow Run Village
Tuesday, April 13, 8 p.m., Co-
operative Nursery Board Meeting;
Bridge Session. Everybody wel-
Wed., Apr. 14, 8 p.m., Plays and
Games Group. (Gymnastics for
women); General Meeting, Coop-
erative Nursery; Village Church
Thurs,'Apr. 15, 8 p.m., Arts and
Crafts Group. Instruction provid-
Latin 100: Examination today.
Please bring texts and mimeo-
Electrical Engineering Collo-
quium: Fri., April 16, 4 p.m., Rm.
2084 E. Engineering (Addition).
Mr. Gunnar Hok will speak on
"Recent Research on Piezo-Elec-
tric Crystals for Frequency Con-
English 301E: Professor Nel-
son's Seminar will not meet to-
day. Arrange for conferences
on papers Tuesday, April 20.
Zoology Seminar: Open meet-
ing, Thurs., April 15, 7:30 p.m.
Rackham Amphitheatre. Mr. P.
S. Eschmeyer will speak on "Ob-
servations on the Life History of
the Yellow Pikeperch, Stizoste-
dion vitreum vitreum, in Michi-
gan." Mr. R. E. Serfling will
speak on "Quantative Estimation
of Plankton from a Concentrate
Teacher's Certificate Thsting
-Program: Students who are tak-
ing Cl and/or A10 and anticipate
obtaining a teacher's certificate
are required to take the School of
Education tests. They will be ad-
ministered by the Bureau of Psy-
chological services, Wed., April 28,
4:30-6:30 and 7:30-10 p.m., Rack-
haim Lecture Hall. Letters and
registration cards will be mailed
School of Music Student As-
sembly, featuring the Lincoln
University Concert Choir, O. An-
derson Fuller, Conductor, at 11
a.m. today in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Open to students on the
campus interested in unusual
Student Recital: Bette Jane
Bleekman, violinist, will be heard
in a program presented in partial
fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Mu-
sic, at 8:30 this evening, April
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Associated Collegiate Press
Museums Building rotunda, Chi-
nese Porcelain-Celadon and Blue
and White Wares. Through April
5:45-6 p.m., WPAG, The Ger-
man Series, Prof. Otto Graf and
Dr. Kurt Berg.
Mathematics Club: 8 p.m., W.
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Mr. S. W. Hahn will speak on
"Universal Spaces Under Strong
Graduate History Club: 8 p.m.,
Clements Library. Prof. Aiton will
speak. Refreshments. All Gradu-
ate History students invited.
Quarterdeck Society: 7:30 p.m.,
Rm. 311 W. Engineering. Prof. E.
T. Vincent will speak on "Gas
AVC: Meeting of Executive
Committee, University Chapter,
7:30 p.m., Michigan Union.
I.Z.F.A.: 8 p.m., Hillel Founda-
tion. Speaker from Brandeis
Camp Institute, Scholarship camp
for Jewish and Zionist leadership
training in U.S. Also Palestine
produced movie, "Bay in Daga-
nia." All welcome.
United World Federalists World,
Government College Forum Com-
mittee: 7 p.m,, Michigan Union.
Christian Science Organization:
7:30 p.m., Upper Room, Lane Hall.
(Coninued on Page 6)
BARNABY . . .
Yes, Barnaby, I'm going to bring back I
rYes, he has got ideas of his own.}
No, it isn't likely that I'll even