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April 13, 1948 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-04-13

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FREEDOM
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Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, No. 131 ANN ARBOR, MIChIGAN, TUESDA APRIL 13 1948
LewisHasakeilaces

I'1CE FIVE CENTS
arg es

'elo in o'- arsaCrislerNixes
l~eu Lure ofG

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Stays at 'M'

Says Communists
ngineered Revolt
Gunfire, Riots Renewed in Capital;
Colombia Severs Russian Relations
BOGOTA, April 12-(P)-Secretary of State Marshall blamed in-
ternational Communism today for the unsuccessful Bogota revolu-
tion.
Marshall first mode his statement to other delegates attending
the Inter-American Conference and later repeated it for publication.
"This situation," Marshall said, "must not be judged on a local
basis, however tragic the immediate results to the Colombian people.
The occurence goes far beyond Colombia.
"It is the same definite pattern as occurences which provoked

strikes in France and Italy and t
Taft, Dewey,
Stassen Attack
communism
Candidates Make Bid
For Nebraska Vote
OMAHA, April 12-(IP)-Vigor-
ous attacks on Communism were
broadcast tonight by the three
active campaigners for Repub-
lican presidential preference vote
in tomorrow's Nebraska primary
election.
Making their final bid for sup-
port, Harold E. Stassen, Gov-
ernor Thomas E. Dewey of New
York and Senator Robert A. Taft
of Ohio, all accused the admin-
istration of failure to meet the
Communist challenge adequately.
Addressing the Ohio Federation
of Republican Women's organiza-
tions at Toledo by telephone from
Washington, Senator Taft ac-
cused "The New Deal Administra-
tion" of encouraging Communism
by establishing Russia in a posi-
tion of power.
Taft asserted "it was only when
the Republicans came into a ma-
jority in Congress that the Ad-
ministration beg an to fight
Communism."
Both Stassen and Dewey noted
the revolt in Columbia as they
made their final bids for Ne-
braska support. Speaking in Om-
aha, Stassen called for the out-
lawing of the Communist party
and Dewey blamed administra-
tion policy for the apparent lack
of information on the impending
crisis in Bogota.
Stassen spoke to a crowd of
about 1,200, several hundred short
of the capacity audience which
filled the hall when Dewey spoke
from the same platform last Fri-
day night.
Hopwood Race
Reaches End
Hopwood Contest manuscripts
must be turned into the English
Office by 4:30 p.m. tomorrow,
contest officials announced yes-
terday.
With only one day remaining
to submit work, a considerable
number of short stories, essays,
poems and several novels have
been entered in the competition,
according to Mary E. Cooley, As-
sistant to the Director of the
Hopwood Awards.
Since the inauguration of the
Hopwood contests in 1931, 45
prizes of $1,000 or more have been
awarded winners, besides numer-
ous smaller prizes.

hat is endeavoring to prejudice the
-situation in Italy where elections
will be held on April 18. In actions
we take here regarding the pres-
ent situation, we must keep clear-
ly in mind the fact that this is a
world affair-not merely Colom-
bian or Latin American."
Marshall thus became the first
delegate outside the Colombian
government to publicly attribute
the revolution to world commu-
nism and indirectly to Moscow.
A determination of delegates to
remain here despite the revolt
which broke out last Friday is
expected to be ratified formally
tomorrow.
Renewal of the shooting this
morning when the city was be-
ginning a slow return toward nor-
malcy bolstered the theory that
there is an organized plan to
maintain chaos here. The riot-
ing has disrupted the Pan Amer-
tican conference.
Sentiment prevailed for contin-
uing the conference, but it was not
known exactly when or where the
talks would be resumed. The Co-
lombian government wants the
delegates to stay here to show that
"communism cannot triumph over
the Americas."
Communists Blamed
The Government has attempted
to place the blame for the rioting
on the Communists. Many ob-
servers are of the opinion that the
Communists, while they may not
have started the uprising, moved
to take advantage of the disor-
ders.
Loyal troops deployed through
the city answering fire from hun-
dreds of snipers, some of whom
had posted themselves in church
beifries. The Army now controls
the downtown section, an area of
about 16 blocks. The Presidential
Palace is included in this peri-
meter.
Rally To Open
Jewish Appeal
With a campus goal of $7,500,
the United Jewish Appeal cam-
paign will get under way tomor-
row at a kick-off rally to be
held at 4 p.m. at the Hillel Foun-
dation.
Part of a national drive to raise
$250 million for refugees, overseas
needs and Palestine, the local
campaign will be touched off by
an address from a crew member
of "Exodus 1947," the ill-fated
refugee ship which was halted
short of its Palestine destina-
tion.
The speaker, Murray Aronoff,
spent several months in Euro-
pean displaced persons camps
prior to shipping aboard the "Ex-
odus." The film, "Assignment Tel-
Aviv," will be shown following the
address.

VIOLENCE IN BARRAQUILLA-Mob violence broke out in front of the newspaper La Prensa in
Barraquilla, Colombia, with one man being shot, the paper broken into, fire started and equipment
destroyed and thrown into the street. Reports from Bogota, Colombia's capitol where the most
violent fighting took place, said the director of Bogota's morgue told newsmen that there were
300 dead up through Saturday night after bloody fighting.
* * ** * * -. * *
SEEK NEWS FROM hOME:
Cn A

Fritz Declares
'Roots Too Deep'
By BOB LENT
Michigan's athletic scene settled
down to a mild case of spring
fever today now that the hectic
"Crisler Crisis" has ended with
Fritz definitely saying he'll stay
in the Wolverine family.
Saturday morning the 49-year-
old director of Michigan's ath-
letic fortunes called a press con-
ference to settle two weeks of
wild rumors resulting from a story
in the Detroit News March 31.
Admitting that it was his
love for athletics which was in-
strumental in his turning down
a highly attractive business
proposition, he 'explained "that
his roots are too deep at the
U. of M. and in college athletics
to leave my position."
Crisler didn't reveal exactly
what the offer was in figures that
almost lured him away from Ann
Arbor, but merely said that "it
was a lot more than he was
worth."
Just what he turned down was
believed to have been a $50,000
labor relations job with the Mur-
ray Body Corporation of Detroit
with vice-presidency and $60,000
a future possibility.
Crisler explained he decided
to stay on his $13,500 job as
athletic director by saying "that
he felt he ought to stick to
something he knew something
about,"
Irked over reports that he had
threatened' to quit in order to get
some action on his $10,000,000
athletic expansion program, Fritz
said that he was in complete har-
mony with the Board of Regents
and there was no friction what-
soever.
Hersaid he realized the con-
struction problem the Board is
faced with and seemed satisfied
with the fact that only his pro-
posed golf club house looked like
it would get past the blueprint
stage this year.
Other projects on the program
include a sports hall utility build-
ing and ice rink to accommodate
students; enlargement of Yost
Field House; new buildings to re-
place Barbour and Waterman
gymnasiums and a new baseball
field.
At present, the athletic asso-
ciation has a cash surplus of
$228,000 and government securi-
ties of $200,000 that will just
about take care of the golf club
house.
Crisler also announced that
even though the football receipts
last fall set a new record of $548,-
000, almost all of it went into
maintenance and repair for the
other sports.

UMWBoss Okays
Pension Formula
Agrees to Senator Bridges' Plan,
But Will Meet Contempt Charges
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 12-John L. Lewis called off the nation-
wide coal strike today just ahead of court action but a Federal judge
ordered him to trial Wednesday on contempt charges just the same.
The United Mine Workers leader issued his back to work call
after agreeing to a compromise plan calling for $100-a-month pension
for miners over 62. His attorneys contended the last-hour move
cleared him of any contempt and left nothing to enjoin.
Federal Court View
But the court disagreed on both counts, ordering the contempt
trial and at the same time extending into next week the temporary

By ANDEE SEEGER
University students from Co-
lombia are sitting close to their
short-wave radios today and anx-
iously discussing news from home.
When interviewed by The Daily,
Guillermo Durana, '49 F&C, said
Colombia'snational radio asserted
that all was under control. He
pointed out that as the army is
on the same side as the govern-
ment, the disturbance is not a
military revolution.
'Communists vs. Government'
In New York Friday, Durana at-
tended a meeting at which were
present the Colombian Vice-Presi-
dent and the delegate to the UN.

He said these officials called it a tunduaga, public health student,
ngiht of the Communists against said he believes there is no Com-"
the government, and not a revolu- munist movement in Colombia.
Etion. lie also staid the Colombian! The whole thing, lie felt, was not a
radio claimed proof that the as- r(vElution but a protest by the
sassinator of liberal leader Gaitan poorer classes against the slaying
was a Communist. It was this as- of Gaitan, whom they loved. Ar-
sassination which touched off the tunduaga could think of no mo-
fighting Friday. tive for anyone's killing the left-

i
,
t

Noting that Colombia broke off
diplomatic relations with Russia
yesterday noon, Durana stated
that the rest of the Pen-American;
Conference might very well do the!
same. Durana himself was unde-I
cided about th6 situation.1
Communist Role Deniedj
On the other hand, Alfredo Ar-I

wing leader.
Alberto Saenz, graduate student
in physics, and his mother, Mrs.j
Saenz, were inclined to believe
that the disturbance was Commu-
nist-fostered. They pointed out
that Russia has 80 members in
her embassy staff in Bogota, de-
SEE COLOMBIAN, Page 8

Pen.Pushers:
Let's Get Hot!
Just a reminder that literary
supplement deadline is Friday.
Over vacation we hope you had
time to turn out a few poems
or stories.
At the present time we have
a fairly representative collec-
tion of stories and poems.
What we would also like to see
are some book reviews. If you
have a book you would like to
write a medium-length review
of, come to the Student Pub-
lications Building and talk it
over with us.
After deadline time this
week, illustrations will be need-
ed for some of the stories and
articles. Anyone interested may
discuss the art angle anytime
this week at The Daily office.
79 Candidates
File Petitions
For SLRace
Breaking all previous records,
79 students have submitted peti-
tions for candidacy in the all-
campus Student Legislature elec-
tions April 25.
The petitions have been turned
over to the Men's Judiciary Coun-
cil for verification. Names of the
candidates will be announced
next week.
Commenting on the record
turnout, Dick Burton, Legislature
elections committee chairman,
declared that it showed a wide-
spread increase in campus inter-
est in student government and
predicted that the actual vote
would also reach an all-time high.
Pre-election plans, now under-
way, include a display on campus
of candidates, to enable the elec-
torate to "connect faces with
names and campaign statements,"
Burton explained. Candidates are
strongly urged to submit pictures,
two and one-half by three and
one-half inches (standard appli-
cation photo size), to the Office
of Student Affairs this week, he
said.
-Bell' Faces
Beer Drought
Michigan Liquor Control Com-
mission authorities last week or-
dered a ten day suspension of li-
cense and a $50 fine for the Pret-
zel Bell, local tavern, for alleged
sale of beer to a minor.
The decision has been appealed
to the commission, owner Clin-
ton Caster said yesterday. It will
not go into effect until the Com-
mission has acted on the appeal.
Capt. Albert Heusel, of the Ann
Arbor police said that he had not
received notification of any ap-
peal and that the suspension and
fine would go into effect on April
19. Notification of an appeal
would postpone the sentence.

restraining order against the 29-
day-old walkout.
The rulings formed a back-
ground for spotty reaction to
Lewis' order for resumption of
digging.
Some miners made ready to
grab their tools again immediate-
ly but others thought they might
wait to "see what they're going'
to do to Uncle John."
Lewis Fast Enough
The main question Wednesday
in the contempt trial will be
whether Lewis moved fast enough.
Federal Judge Matthew McGuire
had ordered him on April 3 to
call off the walkout immediately.
Today Lewis' case was before
Judge T. Alan Goldsborough---the
same judge who slapped heavy
fines on Lewis and the UMW for
the 1946 coal walkout-and Lewis
will be back before Goldsborough
in person Wednesday.
Another item which presum-
ably will carry weight with the
court and with government pros-
ecutors will be the degree of com-
pliance with Lewis' call for re-
newed production. Full scale out-
put might lead the government to
recommend lenienthtreatment.
Lagging work might have the op-
posite effect.
Goldsborough's Decision
But the question will be for
Goldsborough to decide.
In the previous contempt action
Judge Goldsborough said his per-
sonal preference would have been
to jail the miners' chief. Golds-
borough bowed to government ad-
vice to the extent of limiting pun-
ishment to a $10,000 personal fine
for Lewis and a J3,50O,000 fine for
the union. The Supreme Court cut
the union's fine to $700,000.
SL-ponsored
Advisers To
Old Session

i

Senators Seek Native Czech Tells of Events
Veto-Proof UN Surrounding Communist Coup

Srnizatio
WASHINGTON, April 12 - (P)
-An "ABC plan" to make the
United Nations a veto-proof, fight-
ing organization for peace was
pushed forward today by 16 Re-
publican and Democratic senators
from 14 states.
Meanwhile, Defense Secretary
Forrestal said today that Russia;
knows now how to make the atomj
bomb but there is no telling when
she will be able to actually to do
it.
The Senators' plan calls for
these changes in the UN charter,
in A.B.C. fashion:

By LILIAS WAGNER then on, there was only the party
After the Czech Communist n
coup, life in Pilsen continued newspaper. There was no freedom
quietly, but "everyone who was of the press," Mrs. Porter contin-
not a Communist was afraid," ac- ued.
cording to an eye-witness report. The Communists had polled
Mrs. Howard E. Porter, native 36% of the vote in 1946, she said.
Czechoslovakian who just re- and another election was sched-
turned with her 10-month-old son uled for April. She told how Com-
Michael from four months in her munists had obtained key cabi-
homeland, told The Daily yester- net positions, including the im-
day why there was fear in the portant Interior department.
hearts of Czechs. This branch of the government
Although much-travelled Mi-{administrated police, radio and
chael was too little to remember, otherinterior politics
Mrs. Porter recalled how everyone or
employed in Pilsen "had to join Mrs. Porter declared, "The
the Communist party; otherwise coup was a surprise. Members of'
they lost their jobs." active opposition groups were im-
All employed were forced to prisoned and persecuted; the
strike for an hour on the day fol- Czechs lost their freedom and die-
- . - I. t orshi, in t n1k n "-

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T'rayvel Cut
Fails To Halt
Returnees
Despite the nationwide 25 per
cent cut in railroad service, most
students managed to get back to
campus by yesterday for the
homestretch of the academic year.
Railroad ticket agent E. J.
Smith said that some of the trains
chugging in Sunday and yester-
day were "loaded to the guard.
rails," but added that there was!
room enough - standing or sit-
ting-for all Ann Arbor-bound:
students between New York and
Chicago.
He said that although the num-
ber of trains had been cut 25 per
cent, this was somewhat made up
for by adding more cars to every
train that did run.
Instructors in the various
schools and colleges reported that
class attendance was normal for a
first day of classes after vacation.

Catalogue thumbing under-
classmen and harried academic
advisers may find the solution to
the what-to-take-next-term prob-
lem, as student experts prepare
for a one-day advisory session, to
be held Thursday, in Rm. 1020
A.H.
Sponsored by the Student Leg-
islature, the student advisory pro-
gram was initiated during regis-
tration week this term. The ses-
sion this week is designed to help
students who want to get their
progratMs settled and approved
before the end of this term, Dave
Dutcher, Legislature president
explained. Student advisors will
also be on duty during registra-
tion week next fall, with a pro-
gram expanded to as many
schools and colleges as possible, he
said.
Thursday's "experts" will be 22
juniors and seniors with at least a
'B" average in their field of con-
centration who will give factual
information on the content of
courses in the major literary col-
lege departments.
Departments represented will
be chemistry, economics, English,
geography, geology, German,
Greek, history, journalism, math-
ematics, philosophy, physics, po-
litical science, psychology, ro-
mance languages, socilogy,
speech, teachers certificate pro-
gram and zoology.

A-Outlawing the big power IOWing the coup. 'Opposion;O
veto in questions of aggression, newspapers were closed, and from She remarked that the Commu-
armament for aggression, and ad- nists have organization. They had
mitting new countries to the UN. control of the police in Czechoslo-
n tinl e CiceIS Or vakia, whereas the people were
B--Banning atomic weapons, . . hungry, poorly clothed and with-
through the U.S. plan for an Festival Availabe e out weapons or organization, she
atom development authority, andse
limiting other heavy armaments After ten days of land-office asserted.
under a quota system to be set up sales, a few tickets still remain Wife of Major Howard E. Por-t
by the Security Council. for all six May Festival concerts ter of the University ROTC, she
beat offices of the University Mu-! met her husband in Czechoslo-1
C-Formation of an interna- sical Society in Burton Tower. vakia and first came to this coun-
maeacfvleersgpoliefromrsmal Nearly all tickets are in the' try in 1946. She returned to visit;
nations. There also would be five Upper Balcony and sell for $1.80 her family with Michael, in No-c
"reserve" forces supplied by the and $1.50 for each concert. vember of last year.
U.S., Britain, Russia, China and -,--- R,
France.___ BUDDING BUSINESS BOOMS*
June Sith .Trial I 0 i, J i- ei i c'

World News At A Glance'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 12-President Truman was represented
today as believing that a fair return can be assured farmers with a
single parity price formula instead of giving them the choice of

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