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March 20, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-03-20

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See Page 4

41t z!ta

Da i4


Latest Deadline in the State



House Group
Okays Global
Aid Program
Greece, Turkey,
China Included
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, M'arch 19 -
A $6,205,000,000 global foreign
aid bill was approved late today
by the House Foreign Affairs
r Committee.
The bill includes:
$5,300,000,000 for the European
Recovery Program.
$275,000,000 for military aid to
Greece and Turkey.
($420,000,000 for economic help
and $150,000,000 for military help
for China.
$60,000,000,000 for the Inter-
national Children's Fund of the
r United Nations.

This all-inclusive foreign
program is to be brought to
House floor next week with
idea of pushing it to passage1
fore April 1.


When the aid bill came to a
final showdown in the commit-
tee, all 15 members present voted
unanimously for the program.
The Senate Foreign Relations
Committee put further force be-
hind the President's anti-Com-
munism words today by approv-
ing 13 to 0 a bill to give Greece
and Turkey $275,000,000 in mili-
tary aid to strengthen them
against Communism.
The House committee made
several changes before voting.
One important amendment
adopted todary would ban stra-
tegic materials shipped by this
country to European nations
from being turned into products
which could be sold Soviet bloc
countries. It was sponsored by
Rep. Mundt (Rep., S.D.).
House leaders planned to start
floor debate on the omnibus for-
eign aid bill next Tuesday, with
finl action the following week.
Meanwhile, Secretary of State
Marshall, charging Russia with
trying to .engulf- free Europe
through high-handed Nazi meth-
ods, painted darker than ever the
international situation which he
and President Truman have de-
scribed as critical.
"Never before in history has the
world situation been more threat-
ening to our ideals and interests
than at the present time," Mar-
shall said in a speech at Berkeley,
The Secretary of State said this
country is "sincerely anxious" for
agreement with Russia. But he
declared that "rule based on
threats and force . . . must not be

OFFENSIVE STARS-Captain Connie Hill (right) and center
Wally Gacek was the hero of the evening as he scored both goals
last night. Hill tallied three times to pull the 'hat trick,' while
Gacek scored twice in the overtime period.
- -
Sextet Tops Eagles, 6-4
(Special to The Daily)
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, March 19-Playing one of the
greatest games of their career, Michigan's hockey squad came back
strong in the overtime period to defeat Boston College, 6-4, to move
into the finals of the National Collegiate Hockey Tourney tomorrow,
night against Dartmouth.
Wally Gacek was the hero of the ecening as he scored both goals
in the overtime. The first was from Grant at :18 and the second
from Connie Hill at 19:30, a 130-foot shot into an empty net.
The Wolverines were great on defense as they played from the
four minute mark until 8:00 of<---

the overtime with only four men
on the ice. A twenty minute ar-
gument held up the game, as Hill
was penalized for returning to the
ice too soon after his penalty.
Coming from behind, in the
third period, the Wolverines tied
it up, then took a lead only to
have Boston even things up again
at 19:10 of the final stanza.
Connie Hill -worked the 'hat
trick' with his game tying goal
at 3:44 of the final regular pe-

rinod. It was an unassisted shot
from 40 feet out.
Michigan took a lead for the
first time at 5:41.as Al Renfrew
fired the puck into the Eagle net
from five feet out, the assist going
to Gordie McMillan.
With one minute remaining
in the game goalie Burke was
pulled, setting the stage for a
goal by Fitzgerald from Lewis
from five feet out.
In the first period, featured by
See HOCKEY, IPage 3

Hit Midwest;
39 Are Dead
Wind, Rainstorm
Lash Ann Arbor
Tornadoes--an event of spring
-cut a path of destruction from
Texas to Ohio yesterday.
At least 39 persons were report-
ed killed, more than 300 were in-
jured and property damage ran
into several millions of dollars, the
Associated Press reported.
Thirty-six of the dead were re-
ported in Illinois and three in
The tornadoes moved across
the country, west to east, on the
edge of a low pressure front.
Twisters or high winds struck
in Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma,
Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, and
Schools, churches, factories,
tores and homes in the paths
of the ternadoes were levelled or
In Ann Arbor the proverbial
drowned rat was much in evi-
lence as he pushed his soaking
head from under the estimated
one and seven-tenths inches oft
rain which ushered in the wetI
eason yesterday.
Although winds reached a ve-
locity of sixty miles per hour in
some parts of Washtenaw County
in yesterday's storm, city engineer,t
George Sandenburgh, said Annc
Arbor suffered only little.
Some streets were flooded, but
cleared themselves within ap
half-hour after the storm end-t
ed. Only one resident reported
a flooded basement which San-
denburgh attributed to watert
backing up from the street.er
In other portions of Michigan,1
violent squalls and swollen riverst
turned loose flood warnings and
left scattered wreckage through-
out the Lower Peninsula.
Red- Cross committees and
emergency crews went into actionl
or were alerted for riverbank duty
at Flint, Battle Creek and Mid-
Meanwhile, a Daily survey of
State Street clothiers revealed
that the annual spring rush fori
rain apparel is on. Only one of
the ten merchants contacted
found no marked seasonal sales
Ihe manager of one woman s
store reported that all but one
"ultra" raincoat had been sold,
while another said that the girls
had bought all of the nicer-look-
ing coats.
Chingy Asks for. ie ipt
Coanciliation in
f~1iie D~pu e
--Federal Conciliation Director
Cyrus S. Ching requested soft coal
operators and mine workers to-
night to meet with him Monday in
a new effort to end the mine shut-
lie told reporters he made the
request in telegrams to the opera-
tors and John L. Lewis, President
of the United Mine Workers.
Ching said he intend to explore
every imteans toward settling a
dispute over pension demands.
"I will do everything I can to
get coal mining resumed," he said.
Some 350,000 of Lewis' United
Mine Workers are off the job.

They quit in support of his stand
that the operators have "dishon-
ored" an agreement for pensions.
The walkout already has begun
cutting into rail transportation
and steel production. Industrial
and government officials fear a
growing crisis. Roving pickets
stopped operations at several strip
(surface) mines in the Clarksburg,
W. Va. area.
There was no imimcdlate reply
from Lewis to the operators' con-
ditional offer to negotiate pen-
sion terms. It was made in a let-
ter from producers of three-
fourths of the nation's bituminous
RH iot, 14aitned
(her' Loal StikIe
Local New York Central rail-
way officialesteiday found "no
caavnsefor in-unrdia1 alarm"'' over

U.S. Urges UN To Scuttle Plan
For Partitioning of Holy and;

s iate StudIies EAGLI
mDraft IProposalIe
An effec
Woti Put Selectees tional law
On fNotie 'Till Nceded the United
render par
ByJ The Associated Press ereignty t,
WASHINGTON, March 19-An cialist, said
increase in voluntary enlistments
was reported today in a few scat- Speaking
tered cities as Senate leaders Internatior
studied - but delayed action-on gathered it
a compromise draft plan, ton asserte
Army officials said enlistments States is in
in Minneapolis jumped from an UN strong,
average of five a day to 30 im- we have de
mediately after President Tru- UN throu
man's message to Congress. A such polici
sharp increase in inquiries was trine.
reported here, too. "Russia
Agreement Nears said, "but
Senate Republican leaders with the h
tions mniem
seemed near agreement on a plan unilateral
that would revive the machinery elsewhere,
of selective service, but not put its
in full operation. nations wo
Help us in
In other words, a law would be sia.
passed quickly to revive selective"U
service. But once revived, under "lonThei
the Senate plan, it would merely from the i
choose selectees and put them on forpbackoect
notice. prot
Inductions Would Wait stid. He a
They would not be inducted un- country is
less voluntary enlistments con- sume thist
tinued to lag, or unless the world support fr
situation grows so grave that par- Dr. Eagl
tial or full nobilizi on of a -it the idea
izen army is d mrt I necessary. Trailing a
The compronise ph nsemed to asserted t
have made most headway in the should bu
Senate. But GOP leaders there strength ii
today postponed final decision on back up ai
thieir policy on both a draft and lions of th
military traning until a full ,stu'dy could evecscmlJ1b lcSeaeare ieaoi
is ompdu cd by t he Senate armed wide adop
forces committee. ity.

five system of interna-
can be built up only if
States is willing to sur-
t of its national sov-
o the UN, Dr. Clyde
international law spe-
d here last night.
to the Conference of
nal Relations Clubs
n Ann Arbor, Dr. Eagle-
d that "only the United
a position to make the
" and pointed out that
liberately weakened the
gh by-passing it with
es as the Truman Doc-
must be stopped," he
it should be done only
elp of other United Na-
ibers." By our present
actions in Greece and
he pointed out, other
uld feel no obligation to
any flight against Rus-
ited States has jumped
solation of a few years
feeling of responsibility
ing the whole world," he
ided that not even this
strong enough to as-
role indefinitely without
om other nations.
eton strongly supported
of Universal Military
nd a strong army, and
hat the United States
ild up great military
immediately in order to
nd strengthen the deci-
oe UNHe said that this
itually lead to world-
iion of collective secur-

fective International Law
rpeitds on U.S. Support

European Diplomats B race I
For Trouble in Mediterranea ii

'Prof. IFoldSupporis GOP Bill
Cuuliiig kederalIncoew Taxes

He said that it will take more
than mere military power to stop
Russian expansion, and declared
that the "only answer to Commu-
nism is to have a better ideology."
* * *
Effects of Cold
War Traced
By Dr. Wilsonc
Analyzes Function of
Informiation Services
We are living in an era when
peace means not only absence of
war, but presence of a continuing1
cold war which we shall feel forI
the rest of our lives, Dr. Howard
E. Wilson, associate director of the
Carnegie Endowment for Interna-
tional Peace, said yesterday.
Speaking to a convocation oft
the education school and the Con-
ference of International Relations
Clubs, Dr. Wilson stated that every
nation is engaged in telling its
story to others, by means of wide-
spread information services.
At their worst, these services are
instruments for blatant propa-
ganda and, at their best, sources
of real insight and education, he
Dr. Wilson declared that a muf-
fled and integrated educational
program is necessary for success
in the cold war. The only way
this unity can he attained is,
through the cooperation of pro-
fessional educators and those who
spread information through the
press and radio, he added.
Since teachers shape the minds;
of the future who will determine
whether future policy will bring
peace or war, Dr. Wilson declared
that educators must readjust the
present curriculum to meet the de-
mands for peace.
Dr. Wilson cited the present
method of teaching American His-
tory as one of the chief causes for
our traditional isolation. Such
movements as the abolition of
slavery and the reform movements
of the 1840's and '50's of the last
century have not been taught in
the global frame of reference they
belong, he emphasized.
Teachers also help to shape pub-
lic opinion, Dr. Wilson asserted.
It is their duty, therefore, to be
able to interrupt for and guide
members of the adult community
in international affairs,
The final role of the teacher in
peace is to seek professional con-
tacts and study all over the world,
Dr. Wilson said.
Senator Asks
Truman Quit'
-Senator Sparkman (Dem., Ala.)
called on President Truman to-
night to withdraw as a candidate
for the Democratic Presidential
Sparkman, who headed the par-
ty's speakers' bureau in the 1946
campaign, told a reporter he is
convinced, that the Democratic
Party will be "cut to ribbons" in
the November election unless Mr.
Truman bows out,

Places Faith
In Trusteeship
As Alternative
Direct Presidential
Orders SeeiniMove
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, March 19 -
The United States urged the Unit-
ed Nations today to abandon the
Palestine partition project.
The United States called instead
for a United Nations Trusteeship
as soon as possible to prevent
chaos in the Holy Land.
It was understood here that
the move was made on direct
orders from President Truman
and his Cabinet.
It was a back-down from the
American position on the partition
plan which was put through the
1947 UN Assembly under joint
American-Russian leadership last
Nov. 29.
The U. S. also asked the UN Se-
curity Council to recommenda
special session of the UN Assembly
to set up the trusteeship. It hopes
for this session early in April.
A high UN administrative of-
ficial declared "This means the
end of partition."
The U. S. proposed that the Se-
curity Council instruct the UN
Palestine Partition Commission to
stop trying to carry out the As-
sembly plan. A small advance par-
ty of the Partition Commission
already is in Palestine.
The Jewish Agency or Palestine
attacked the surprise shift in U. S.
policy as an "amazing reversal."
The agency said the Jews of Pal-
estine would resist trusteeship by
The first reaction from London
was a comment by a high British
source that the U. S. move might
change Britain's determination to
get out of Palestine finally by
Aug. 1.
A storm of protest arose from
many members of Congress in
Washington. Only a few en-
dorsed the Administration's
new plans for Palestine.
UN delegates generally would
rot comment pending a study of
"he American plan, disclosed in
full to the Security Council by
Warren R. Austin, chief American
jelegate to the UN.
Austin's speech was received in
silence by the Council and by the
public, which occupied three-
fourths of the council chamber.
Judicial Body
Sets Penalties
11-1 Tiket Deal
Chuck Lewis, 48ha been oust-
ed from the Student Legislature,
denied membership on any cam-
pus committee and barred from
holding office in any campus or-
ganization as a result of the in-
vestigation of the preferential
basketball ticket fraud by the
Men's Judiciary Council.
And Sigma Alpha Mu has been
placed on social probation
The Council recommended the
actioni to the University Commit-

Iee onl Student Discipline in as
statement explaining that "the
Council Fouid that he was ex-
tremely careles and negligent in
carrying out his iportant re-
I se di( i}phia i'ry comnmifttee ac-
,epted the re'omnmendation with-
out change a nd also approved,
without change, other council
findings in the case. 'hey were:
"1. In the case of the Zeta
Beta Taun fra ternity, the Wolver-
ine club and Sam Wiener, presi-
dent of the Wolverine Club, the

allowed to spread further
CP, Socialist


Ties Clained
U.S. (Olin iunists Are
Heirs to Debs-Ellis
Today's American Communist
Party was yesterday's Socialist
Party --the organization that
polled one million votes for Presi-
dential candidate Eugene Debs
during his hey-day, Ernest E. El-
lis, student director, Michigan
Communist Party, told a student
group last night.
Speaking on "Marxism and the
Democratic Tradition," in the In-
ter Co-op Council Educational Se-
ries, Ellis explained the historic
significance of Communist politi-
cal development in America and
Ellis pointed out that the ne-
cessity for a Communist Party in
Russia will end "when each indi-
vidual is freed from want," as a
final conclusion to the develop-
ment of Marxism there,

LONDON, March 19 - (P) -
Western European diplomats
braced themselves today for bad
news from anyone of three poten-
tial trouble spots in the Mediter-
ranean-Greece, Turkey and Italy.
Two Turkish military attaches
returned home from Bulgaria sud-
denly and without public explana-
tion. Hungary was reported to
have ordered three of its diplo-
matic staff home from Turkey.
Diplomats here speculated
whether the two-way shift had
anything to do with stiffening re-
lations between Turkey and Rus-
sia's Balkan neighbors and the
standing Soviet demands for Tur-
kish border changes and a big
hand in the Dardanalles.
Brigade on Border
Constantine Rentis, Greek min-
ister of public order, supported
U. S. State Department reports
that an international brigade of!
several thousand men is stationed
on Greece's northern border.
Rentis said in Athens that the
Greek government had received
reports that Communist guerrillas
planned an attack on Salonika be-
tween March 22 and 30. The Greek
Foreign Ministry said it had re-,
ports of considerable military
movements in Yugoslavia and Al-
30,000 Reported
U. S. State Department dis-
patches had said there were re-
ports of 30,000 men in an inter-
national brigade in Yugoslavia,

Albania and Bulgaria. These re-
ports suggested that any attack
across the border might have the
purpose of capturing Ioannina for
a Communist Greek capital or of
throwing a projected government
spring offensive off balance.
Tempers shortened in Italy
where political campaigners gook
full advantage of a holiday to
plead for the voters' support in the
critical Communist versus Anti-
Communist elections April 18. Riot
squads were called out at a huge
Leftist rally in Rome, but fist-
fighting was broken up without
any casualties.
'Wa1 I w its
Triniai Ilani
Seeoul Radlio ialk
Re plies to 'Mihlitaris"'
NEW YORK, March 19-UP)- -
Henry A. Wallace said tonight
President Truman "appealed to
prejudice, because he could not
answer us with reason," when he
"attempted to brand as 'Commu-
nists' those who support our fight
for peace."
"Millions of Americans who
stand firmly opposed to his (Mr.
Truman's) policies know that they
are not Communists and they will
not be frightened into accepting
militarism because someone calls
them Communists," Wallace de-
clared in a radio talk.
The speech was his second on
consecutive nights in reply to the
President's two addresses on St,
Patrick's Day.
The Third Party presidential
candidate said Mr. Truman "was
trying to give the impression that
it is only the Communists who dis-
approve of his policies of support-
ing fascists, kings and reaction-
aries around the world, that it is
only Communists who stand for
repudiation of the Truman Doe-

A Republican hill to slash ix-
come taxes by $4,800,000,000 re-
ceived the support of 'Prof. Rob-
ert S. Ford, director of the Uni-
versity bureau of government,
yesterday as it headed to a final
senate vote Monday.
The vote agreement cnamn yes-
'erday after a string of Demo-
cia tic amendments--all rejected
--h acoccupied most of the Fi-
nance Commit tec's debate and
caused GOP lea dcrs to abandon
hope for an early vote, the Asso-
ciated Press reported. -
Prof. Ford called Democratic
attempts to reduce the tax-cut to
a flat four billion as "of not
much consequence. " He said that
the real issue is the passage of a,
tax-relief measure.
"There need be no reduction
in military spending or any form
of hindrance to our interina-
tional policy," Prof. Ford said, in
pointing to the meager reduction
in wartime income tax levels and
added revenue from the rising na-
tional income.
(Democratic Senators cited the
dark international scene as a rea-
son to go slow with any cut in the
Treasury's total revenue).
Realizing the uncertainty of
current foreign obligations, Prof.
Ford said that the proposed cut
is "about right." IHe also called
attention to the problem of the
national debt.
Senate Republicans predict easy
passage Monday and hope to write
a compromise bill with the I-louse.
'The IIous;e passed a similar bill

calling for $6,500,000,000 in tax
But President Truman indicat-
ed he will veto any tax cutting
measure that would reduce gov-
ernment income and Sen. Lucas
(Dem., Ill.) told his colleagues
that the Republicans were trying
to push a tax cut through "for
political purposes in an election
Oscar Derby
Nears Finsh1
Russell Is 'Cinch";
Colmian IsPossibility
HOLLYWOOD. March 19-(A')
-The annual Oscar derby neared
the finish line today with Rosalind
Russell tabbed a cinch winner and
Ronald Colman expected to nose
out Gregory Peck among the ac-
Tomorrow night, 6,200 film
workers and fans will gather at
Shrine Auditorium to watch the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts
and Sciences bestow Hollywood's
version of immortality.
Miss Russell seems certain to
snag the 1947 Oscar for her wide-
eyed Lavinia in "Mourning Be-
comes Electa." Colman's perform-
ance as the murderous ham in "A
Double Life" has caught the fancy
of his fellow entertainers.

World News At A Glance
y The Associated Tess
CIC(A /1O, March 19-Thbe Abraham Lincoln. fast Chicago-St.
L'uis passenger train of the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad was de-
railed today. No serious iniumies were reported.
i. * * *
CIIICCAO, March )-The nation's meat packers today be-
gan telling a presidential board their side of the wage dispute
with the C0 United Packinghouse Workers Union,
r, hi'TPINT - li-vi-i 1 0. In r ".... n '-i'- - --- -

IClad for Spring, 'Arb' Beekonis Students
I-h PA'l .JA--S In th e--~ es cf Mic'igan, r'ed 'and I a~st f'al1 Winiper sptsf~. 'are tnot

1as l

The sky is bl t..

Like their predecessors of every

Intended as outdoor instruction

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