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What Price Democracy?
THE BIG SPLIT over Truman's speech is
not simply a matter of action or inaction,
as so many of the President's adherents
It's more a division of time and ideals.
Truman's camp has left behind-forgotten
or ignored - the standards which the other
side still is following.
The question is whether the timeward
movement of Truman is progress.
To put it another way, the "price of
peace" which Truman referred to in his
speech has changed meaning in the last
couple of years, and most of those who
are opposing the President still believe in
the old definition.
Right after the war, we spoke of the
"price of peace" as a "sacrifice of national
sovereignty" or a "willingness to share our
luck with the countries who had taken the
brunt of the war. Others spoke of "open-
mindedness," or "reestablishing democratic
No one thought of the "price of peace" as
UMT, or another draft.
But then, of course, Times Have Changed.
And the change involved a gradual trans-
formation of those original ideals into a
blanket statement that the price of peace
is rearmament, and an aggressive defense
What has gone on during this change has
been hashed over and rehashed. It is enough
to say that from the original aim of reestab-'
lishing democratic governments, we have
chosen, or been driven, to a new expedient
-support for almost any government which
opposes the extreme left.
This naturally leads many liberals, as well
as Communists, to the conclusion that we
have left the path which a democratic
nation should follow to justify its ideals.
These people ask whether we have the right
to protest the totalitarian Communist ag-
gression which Truman denounces, if we
in turn, support governments in Greece,
Germany and China that do not represent
nor truly serve the majority of the people.
There is a partial answer. It is this: Amer-
ican ideals do call for upholding democratic
ideals, and opposing the spread of any
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: NAOMI STERN
form of aggression whicb pvreinIs majority
C aiVol 01 t nm1c'; 1;. ti .K Rll i'2 ian. tot aihav
kanism definitely opposes these ideals, and
we mUst stop its spead,
This does not excuse our failures. And
if followed too far, it means that we will
give up even the attempt to live side by
side with Russia. But there is a danger
that in cursing our own foreign policy, the
anti-Truman forces will ignore the fact
that Communism has to be stopped too--
that forcible intrusion of its doctrines into
other countries is still an evil which no one
who believes in democracy can condone.
As for Truman's program . . . The coun-
tries of western Europe have been waiting
too long for America to take any positive
stand; they know that their pacts have no
effect if America will not stand behind them.
with money and a firm attitude. We failed
in Czechoslovakia, refusing either money
or real moral support, and then expressed
horrified surprise when Russia inevitably
So money for what's left of democratic
Europe is a necessity, and the ERP Bill
is the best that this Congress will ever pass.
As for UMT and the draft proposal-
their only value lies in the assurance they
can give European countries, and Russia,
that for a change, America means what she
Unfortunately military preparedness does
not assure a democratic world; its success
would only mean that one type of totalitar-
ianism couldn't spread any farther. There
were better methods of doing this, and
still are, but the American people haven't
shown that they want them.
But we do not have a strong leader nor
great statesmen. We do not have strong
public opinion demanding that we live up
to our ideals positively as well as negatively.
We are not going to elect Wallace, nor any-'
one else who will try to achieve peace-
before war-with Russia.
The reason we have left Europe to sink,
is that we ourselves are drowning. If we
must shout "war" to achieve any prog-
ress towards peace, then we have weath-
ered the last war, spiritually, as poorly
as any ravished country in Europe.
And so we come back to the question:
Does the Truman stand represent progress
toward peace? The answer seems to be
that if it does, it's "peace at any price."
A tBRiiF ANALY E, X f vievp inil n
Trual's 'Get u tr Iipech l' ieIvL1
what the present U2 foreign poley %houild
One calls the present international mess
an "official crisis," points out the onward
movements of Russian columns (fifth, or
otherwise) and supports UMT, ERP and
According to others, the 'Get Tough' pol-
icy will "bring only disaster." Instead of
beating the war drums, they want a re-
written UN charter, a fight to eliminate
fascist governments and a policy that leads
away from "inevitable war."
Whatever policy we follow, it must lead
to world peace and lasting security. We
must achieve that end by other democratic
methods or ruthless force-as long as the
outcome is eternal peace without the domi-
nation of any nation. Strong words; but
necessary ones. (Our own Constitution,
which has accomplished for 48 states what
we wish to do for a hundred nations, was
ratified by only 10 per cent of the popula-
tion at that time, according to Charles A.
What must we do then?
We must outline long-run and short-run
plans to stop Russia's current steamroller
tactics, and lay the foundation for a sov-
ereign UN Nation.
Short Run: Pass UMT, selective service
and speed up ERP. Call the Russian bluff
now, before Italy and Finland are swal-
lowed up. (General Helge Jung, commander-
in-chief of Sweden's armed forces recently
asked that nation's government for more
arms-to insure "coup preparedness.")
Long Run: Call a Truman-Stalin confer-
ence to outline a real UN organization with
universal power and military FORCE. Let
Stalin help in the creation of the new super-
state, but don't let him strangle it. If the
Soviets are recalcitrant, the new UN must
be formed without them, yet the organiza-
tion must be given power over the whole
world, to rule in a democratic manner for
the interests of all peoples. The "means"
is unconstitutional, but the "end" is con-
stitutional. The end justifies the means.
The present Russian strategy of subter-
fuge would then constitute open rebellion
against the world-subject to the military
action of a true United Nations of the
world. Communist minority movements
would then be stopped from taking over
complete political control wherever they ap-
But until the long run plan is carried
through to a lasting conclusion, the short-
run temporary measures to stave off the
present crisis must be enacted. In all, a des-
perate plan to meet a desperate situation.
-Craig H. Wilson.
At Kellogg Auditorium
ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT,
with Lew Ayres and Louis Wolhein. Di-
rected by Lewis Milestone.
ERICH MARIA REMARQUE'S first novel
on World War I has been brilliantly
adapted for the screen by Maxwell Ander-
son and executed in such a fashion that it
loses little of its original grim flavor. The
tragic effects of warfare on a youthful Ger-
man soldier from his impulsive enlistment
in the Kaiser's ranks to his sudden death
at the hands o a French sniper are fol-
lowed with the same relentless exposition
of brutality that Remarque injected into his
novel. The terror of war as revealed in
scenes at the front, in hospitals and in the
soldier's own home constitutes a forceful
document for peace which is as timely now
as it was before the second World War. Ex-
cept for a certain amount of over-acting by
some of the participants, there was nothing
to detract from the overall superiority of
It is a pleasure to note that, in spite of
its age (the film was produced in 1930),
the print that is being shown on campus has
an excellent sound track and is generally
-~ "N N J C
]Letters to the Editor ...
.".I shoulder knowed that a guy low-down enough to put rocks
in his snowballs would put rocks in his pillow."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
Current of Fear
"WHAT A MESS!"
That sums up all that most people
know about this current in which we are
caught, a current that will directly affect
the lives of niost of the people on campus.
A feeling of frustration, mixed with fear
and uncertainty, and a sense of resignation
describe the spirit in which Truman's speech
before Congress was accepted.
The attempts of the President to wave the
flag, to appeal to our patriotism fell on
skeptical ears-and people pondered. Where
did the truth lie? If we were right, could
we face the possibility of an atomic war
without trying every method of avoiding it?
Or was the President right?
ERP, UMT and selective service would
have seemed strange bedfellows a year ago.
Now, a European Recovery Program,
which is probably one of the best economic
measures in regard to our foreign affairs
that the U.S. has ever attempted, is turned
into a weapon against Russia. The plan
which started with plowshares has been
beaten into a sword.
UMT, diametrically opposed to our way
of life, was also suggested, in an atmosphere
that makes even this measure seem possible
in an election year.
And selective service, the sign of a coun-
try hurrying to war, was Truman's third
History has shown that nations which
arm fight. History has also shown that
ignorance leads to fear, hate, and then
We are confronted with a perfect set of'
ingredients for a war. No better prop than
Russia's "iron curtain" could be imagined.
But we, in our tradition of doing big
things in a big way, have one advantage
that our ancestors did not possess. We have
an atomic bomb.
Accepting the Truman Plan, which is an
extension of the Truman Doctrine, is almost
accepting an atomic war with Russia.
Faced with the Communist coup in Czech-
oslovakia, with Wallace's stand on the new
government, with the five-nation economic
military pact in Western Europe and with
the coming elections in Italy, the infinite
variety of events that could lead to a war
soon is appalling.
Starting from the safe supposition that
an atomic war must be avoided, or our
civilization will go, the next step is to start
avoiding it. Truman's method is one way
of avoiding such a war. It is admittedly
If we must gamble, why not in the oppo-
site direction. The results can be no worse
than arming for defense has been in the
President Truman is as short-sightedly
committed to his program of stopping the
Russians and Communism as Henry Wal-
lace is in explaining their actions.
Russia's actions make any conciliatory
step seem dangerous, but if we do not take
some kind of a step in a peaceful direction,
we are, to put it dramatically, but ac-
Congress will probably take a week to do
anything about Truman's military proposals'.
In that time, the only way out that sug-
gests itself, is a conference with the Rus-
sians. True, in the last three years, confer-
ences with the Soviets have accomplished
nothing constructive, but, faced with an
atom war it is worth a try.
ERP, yes-the others, not until we have
tried every possible method of avoiding a
conflict. Realism, but never resignation.
Omicron Pi, Alpha Tau Omega,
Beta Theta Pi, Chi Phi, Delta Sig-
ma Delta, Delta Tau Delta, Kappa
Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Lloyd-
Mosher, Mary Markley, Phi Chi,
Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Iota Alpha,
Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Sigma Kappa,
Phi Rho Sigma, Psi Upsilon, Theta
Delta Chi, Theta Chi, Theta Xi,
Concentration Discussion Series:
Friday, March 19
Speech-4:15 p.m., 25 Angell
The Place of Speech in a Liberal
Prof. W. P. Halstead: Drama
Mr. G. R. Garrison: Radio
Prof. Harlan Bloomer: Speech
Prof. G. E. Densmore: Public
Mr. H. K. Carruth: An Outline
of the Departmental Program in
Mr. L. L. Okey: An Outline of
the Teacher's Certficate Program
Mathematics-4:15 p.m., 231 An-
Prof. R. V. Churchill: Applied
Prof. P. S. Dwyer: Statistics
and Actuarial Mathematics
Prof. P. S. Jones: The Teach-
ing of Mathematics at High School
and College Levels
Mimeographed material con-
cerning these fields of concentra-
tion may be obtained at either the
Department offices or the Office
of the Academic Counselors, ,108
Doctoral Examination for Wal-
ter Geoffrey Wadey, Physics; the-
sis: "The Design of an Alpha-Ray
Spectrograph and a Study of the
Alpha-Ray Spectrum of Poloni-
um," Fri., March 19, 2:30 p.m.,
East Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Chairman: M. L. Wieden-
History 178 and History 180 will
not meet Friday, March 19.
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues.,
March 23, 4 p.m., Rm. 3201 Angell
Hall. Prof. A. H. Copeland will
speak on "A New Formal Logic
Based on the Theory of Ideals."
Faculty Recital: Marilyn Mason,
Instructor in Organ in the School
of Music, will present a program
of organ music of the 20th cen-
tury at 4:15 Sunday afternoon,
March 21, Hill Auditorium. She
will be assisted by the University
String Orchestra under the di-
rection of Gilbert Ross.
The public is invited.
Student Recital: Marylee Sneed
Hill, Soprano, a pupil of Arthur
Hackett, will be heard in recital
at 8:30 Tuesday evening, March
23, Rackham Assembly Hall, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Master's degree.
Program: Compositions by Handel,
Brahms, Rossini, Bachelet, Blizet,
Debussy, Massenet, Sandoval,
Howe, and Rackmaninoff. The
public is invited.
Gallery Talk: Dr. Carl Sheppard,
on "The Painter Looks at People,"
and Jacob Lawrence's "John
Brown Series"; Museums of Art.
Alumni Memorial Hall, Fri., March
19, 3:30 p.m. The public is invited.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: THE PAINTER LOOKS
AT PEOPLE and JOHN BROWN
SERIES, JACOB LAWRENCE;
through March 28. Tuesdays
through Saturdays 10-12 and 2-5;
Wednesday evenings 7-9; Sundays
2-5. The public is cordially invit-
Exhibition of Japanese Art: West
Gallery, Alumni Memorial Hall;
auspices of Center for Japanes
Studies and the University Muse-
um of Art. Through March 25.
Museums Building rotunda, Chi-
nese Porcelain-Celadon and Blue
and White -Wares. Through April
2:30-2:55, WKAR-On Campus
Doorsteps-Office of Mary Brom-
age, Assistant Dean of Women.
5:45-6, WPAG - Sigma Alpha
Iota-String quartet, Betty Bleek-
man, Virginia Hyde, Sarah Cos-
sum, Harriet Risk.
Geology and Minesralogy Jour-
nal Club: Dr. M. A. Peacock of the
University of Toronto will speak
before the Club on the subject,
"X-Rays and the Ore Minerals" at
12 noon,, Rm. 3055, Natural Sci-
ence Bldg. All interested are wel-
Art Cinema League and YPCA
will present "All Quiet on the
Western Front," starring Lew
Ayres on Fri., 7 p.m. and 9:30 p.m.,
and on Sat., at 7 p.m. and 9:30
p.m., Kellogg Auditorium. Tickets
available in University Hall 10
a.m. to 4 p.m., and at the door be-
fore each performance.
Bowling: Open bowling for
women students, with or without
men guests, 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. and
7:30 to 11 p.m., bowling alleys,
Women's Athletic Bldg.
Delta Epsilon Pi: 7 p.m. Rm. 302,
Michigan Union. Any male student
who is a phil-Hellene is invited.
Instruction in American Ball-
room Dancing: Classes, 8-10 p.m.,
International C enter. Record
dancing 10 p.m.-midnight.
German Coffee Hour: 3-4:30
p.m., Michigan League Coke Bar.
Students and faculty members in-
SRA Coffee Hour: 4:30 p.m.,
Lane Hall. Everyone, especially
Freshmen and transfer students,
Roger Williams Guild: Square
dance, 8:30 p.m. with the Wes-
(Continue- on Page 7)
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily<
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which Is signed, 300 wrds
or less in length, and In good taste)
we remind our readers that the viewsI
expressed in letters are those of the1
writers only. Letters of more than1
300 words are shortened, printed or1
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
Reply to Wilson
To the Editor:
THIS IS AN ANSWER from thet
food committee of the East
Quadrangle to Mr. Craig Wilson's
editorial in Saturday's Daily in
which hie saw fit to term our co-
plaints "emotional reasoning."
Thank you. M r. Wilson, for put-
ting a'definite finger on the dif-
ficulty, but allow us to wham said
digit with a logical sledge-ham-
Any psychologist or physician
will tell you that one's diet has a
large influence on one's ability
to think. Maybe it's the disgust-
ing way in which meals are pre-!
pared that tempts us from the1
path of sterile non-emotional rea-
May we also suggest, Mr. Wil-
son, that you haven't a very good
grasp on what human nature is,
if you are willing to toss emotion
to the winds! Most intelligent
men recognize the value it has in
our psychological make-up, and
realize that it cannot be dismissed
in your flippant manner.
You make the rather naive
statement that "no one is missing
his calories." True, there may be
enough calories in the meals as
they are planned, but somebody
must be missing the ones which
can't be stomached and, therefore,
are tossed into Quad garbage cans,
day after day.
We also would like to know how
you get "$1.50 per day as the rate
spent on our meals when Vice.:-
President Briggs himself will not
acknowledge such a figure.
We do charge that "the Univer-
sity does not tell us where our
money is going" and it doesnt!
We "irate quadders" have found
our way to the office of Mr.
Briggs and he has declined to
give us any statementon the ap-
portionment of our money. Why?
We are trying to find facts and
offer suggestions. If you, Mr. Wil-
son, can give us any less "emo-
tional"epath of action to follow,
then let's hear from you.
-The East Quadrangle Food
Committee, Jerry Ryan,
To the Editor:
PRESIDENT RUTHVEN, De-
ember 12, 1947: Mr. Eisler will
not be permitted to speak on the
University of Michigan campus at
this time under any auspices.
March 15, 1943: President Ruth-
yen told a radio audience today
that he hopes that Communism
is being taught on the campus of
the University of Michigan.
The right hand doesn't know ...
* * *
To the Editor:
LISTEN, you chosen few who
struggle under the banner call-
ed "student." You are the people
who control the future of the
world; you are the ones who are
supposed to listen to no voice
other than the voice of reason.
And in spite of ali this, one hears
coffee conversation that only too
often sounds like this: "Yeah, I
wonder in the next war if they'll
give me back my rank; boy-I
sure had some pretty good times.
You know . . .
War, a creation without causes,
without results, something mysti-
cal. One day we are walking in
familiar streets that seem to be
more beautiful than ever before
and possessing that "good feel-
ing" inside. And the next day
we are fighting and hating indivi-
duals whom we do not even know;
we're itching to join the crusade.
"Come on you guys, we'll show
'em." An amazing transformation.
An outsider sitting at this table
of unanimity starts thinking aloud
and the others soon give him their
attention. "A third great war-
I've been thinking about it quite
a bit recently. If it comes, and it
probably wll - read the paper
listen to the radio, jump at the
headlines - Doesn't the idea of
fighting seem ridiculous while we
'sit here leisurely sipping coffee
and solving the problems of the
world. I'm telling you, you have
to get excited first. To get back
to thd subject - we'll say that
we're in a war with Russia, then
what? One side wins, the other
loses. But; really, they both lose.
Suppose we win, have we beaten
Communism; no. How long will
we be able to maintain our su-
premacy in that country: I don't
know. A matter of time, then
boom - it starts all over again.
We sold the UN short, which was
a positive step toward solution, by
insisting upon a veto - and Rus-
sia did so by using it. 'But,' some-
one breaks in, 'what can we do
"Well - I imagine we can sit
back and wait for the mystical
forces that guide our destiny to
To the Editor:
THE DAILY specifies that all
letters to the editor must con-
tain less than 300 words and be
in good taste. Lincoln J. Racey's
letter might have contained less
than 300 words but when he says
that he enjoys the food in the
West Quad, I don't believe he is
showing good taste.
-Herbert S. Wilson
* * *
Village AV C
To the Editor:
AT THE TIME of the passage of
the New York bonus bill, Wil-
low Village AVC, as a service to
New York veterans, sent for a
number of bonus applications. A
stock of these applicatios was re-
ceived, belatedly, this week. New
York veterans who have not yet
applied for their bonus may ob-
tain an application in Dorm 3,
Rm. 57 or at the next Chapter
The spirit of this service is
typical, even though the timing is
atrocious. Willow AVC has a long
record of progressive community
service in the Village-including
such matters as the registration,
in cooperation with other Village
groups, of 1,600 voters, when 16
had been registered previously;
opposition to the Jim Crow prac-
tices in Village schools, as well
as obtaining over 1,000 signatures
for the ill-fated Michigan FEPC
petition; investigation leading to
complete rerganization of the
West Lodge Cafeteria; and many
other forceful actions of value to
On matters of common inter-
est, Willow AVC works in close
cooperation with the campus
chapter. Membership is of course
transferable upon moving to town
from the Village.
The next regular meeting of the
Willow Chapter, AVC, will be held
Monday evening, March 22, at 8
o'clock in West Lodge. All inter-
ested veterans are welcomed.
William L. NeiU.
At the State ...
RED STALLION, Robert Paige, Noreen
HERE'S AN OLD TWIST to an older plot.
Eleven thousand dollars is needed or
else the old ranch house will be taken away,
so the only thing to do is make Red Stallion
a racehorse in order to win money, in order
to save the ranch. It's complicated, but it
all unfolds in beautiful Cinecolor.
There is some fine acting by Red, the horse,
which Daisy the dog supplements with
gentle humor. The bear plays his role as
the villain in a genuine manner. As well
as these stars, there is a supporting cast
which includes Bob Paige and Noreen Nash,
who recite their well memorized lines with
confidence. The Saturday afternoon gang
will love this one.
At the MichiCgan...
LOVE FROM A STRANGER, John Ho-
diak, Sylvia Sydney.
SYLVIA SYDNEY is getting ancient, but
she's still posing as the beautiful, young
From the pages of The Daily
50 YEARS AGO TODAY:
A high-pressure add in The Daily read:
Hair brush? Yes sir. Good bristles, solid
backs, made to last and give satisfaction.
Almost every shape that is salable. 25 cents
to $2.00. Medium prices are better than
15 YEARS AGO TODAY:
Wit fh l- nli7a.nnof 2,a, rn- ni--
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
John Campbell .......Managing Editor
Dick Maloy...............City Editor
Harriett Friedman .. Editorial Director
Lida Dailes .......... Associate Editor
Joan Katz.............Associate Editor
Fred Schott......... Associate Editor
Dick Kraus............Sports Editor
Bob Lent...Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson.......Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Bess Hayes ................. Librarian
Nancy Helmick .......General Manaee
Jeanne Swendeman......Ad. Manager
Edwin Schneider .. Finance Manager
Dick Hait....... Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for re-publication
of all news dispatched credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper.
All rights of re-publication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during the regulaR
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Associated Collegiate Press
THE CINCINNATI Symphony Orchestra,
under the direction of Thor Johnson,
played a varied program last night in Hill
Auditorium. Ranging from Vivaldi to
Griffes, the program gave Mr. Johnson
ample opportunity to exercise his interpre-
That the audience was responsive to the
orchestra's efforts was very evident in the
Brahms Symphony No. 4 in E minor. At
times during the second movement a hush
fell over the listeners. Coughing and rustling
ceased as they followed the music atten-
Synchronization among the orchestra
members, with respect to attacks and phras-
ing particularly, could use some improve-
ment. The woodwinds in general were good,
[1 can't beievit. BaRrnab'v..Youlr uleP
J~ Mhe and t """ if that rial firm1
Ii's an old patent medicine bottle 1