See Page 2
L OUDY, COLDER
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 116
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 16, 1948
PRICE FIVE (
rells Educators' Radio Roundtable
Ignorance Causes Wrong Thinking
By HAROLD JACKSON
President Alexander G. Ruthven told a radio audience Sunday
that he hopes that Communism is being taught on the campus of
the University of Michigan.
Emphasizing that to teach is to explain and not to advocate, Dr.
Ruthven declared that good teaching requires the honest and frank
presentation of all the facts. "Wrong thinking is usually the result
of ignorance," he said.
The University President spoke at a round table discussion on
Communism with Gov. Kim Sigler, Dr. David Henry, president of
Wayne University, and Dr. John * * *
Hannah, president of Michigan
Dr. Ruthven declared that on
the basis of an informal survey
conducted recently, he believed
there were no more than 25 $tu-
dents with Communist affiliations ,flfL
among the 20,000 students at the
University. The estimates for the
other two schools representedt
were 10 at Wayne, and 5 at Mich- 1
As the discussion swung around
to student clubs, Gov. Sigler told"
Dr. Ruthven that he was highly
pleased by the way a group of stu-
dents at the University had taken
over the Marxian study club last'
spring. He asked if this wasn't
a wholesome sign.
A Little Fua
"I think part of the inspiration
was a feeling on the part of the
students that that was a good DR. RUTVEN
time to have a little fun," Dr.R R n FIrEN
Ruthven replied, "Since then, the ''hadd on
leaders have assured me that they
were very serious." '1 Mt
Dr. Henry declared that he had Coal iviners
no objections to Communist stu-
dents at Michigan State organiz-
ing a club as long as they openlyla d v "u
labeled themselves "young Com-
munists." He said that he had.
issued an invitation to students to
form such a club when othei po-
litical clubs were organized re- PITTSBURGH, March 1j---(/1)
gently but that only one student --More than half the Nation's
had indicated any interest.
tCommnnting on this statement 0,000 sot coal miners quit work
in a Daily interview yesterday, Dr. today to back up John L. Lewis'
Ruthven said: "We haven't given demand for $100-monthly miners'
out any invitations to any groups pensions.
to organize. When, as, and if a The United Mine Workers' lead-
Young Communist club seeks rec-
ognition, we will consider fairly er told his followers last Friday
and objectively its application.") operators "have dishonred the
Asked Opinions 1947 wage agreement and default-
When the moderator asked ed under its provisions affecting
opinions about banning the Com- the welfare board"
munist party from the ballot, Dr. t wb
Hannah of Michigan State said Lewis asked the rank-and-file
he was in favor of such a move. "reaction" to the charge. Today
Dr. Henry observed that abolish- the reaction took 206,000 miners
ing the party would make "ou out of the pits in 11 states,
work easier but would tend to A the pit saes E
drive the Communists under- As the wa'lkot grewR. 1'.
ground." Howe of Cincinnati, president of
Dr. Ruthven declared that he Appalachian Coals, Inc., estimated
didn't feel qualified to answer but the Nation's stock pile of coal at
did follow the argument of Dr.
Hannah. "However, I can see the four days' supply for domestic
dangers of any movement to ban purposes and 34 days of indus-
political parties which are set up trial purposes,
under the present same rules and Howe said some industrial con-
regulations," he said.
cerns individually probably have
up to 60 days' supply in their fuel
T ' e I 1 Y teS bins, while some domestic users
are also well fixed.
LONG, LOW WHISTLE:
Mc Ic thi 100 delegates, repri 1 *
?enting 19 Michigan schools and For I ew ivurI
colleges, attended the National _
Student Association student gov- B DICK MORRISON
ermnent clinic held at Michigan WiBy a determination remiis-
State Saturday and Sunday. cent of the women's suffrage
University students attending movement, coeds of the Woman's
the clinic were Lucille Birnbaum, Athletic Association launched
Max Dean, Norris Domangue, their campaign for a swimming
Dave Dutcher, Al Millstein, De-pool last weekend.
BUILDING NEED URGENT:
Le islature To Weigh'U' Ainwoiiation
dollar Postwar Victory Building
Program enters its most crucial
stage today as the Legislature
meets in special session to con-
sider some of the most difficult
problems in state history.
A request for $11,026,500 to
complete existing construction and
also to begin additional construc-
tion has been presented to the
Legislature by the University.
"It is vital that we get this
money to keep our building pro-
gram from falling any further be-
On to Accord
MYDA Group Bolts
By BEN ZWERLING
A campus-wide meeting to pro-
test clamps on academic freedom
-in Czechoslovakia and around
the world - was swiftly taking
shape today, despite the dramatic
walkout of several unconvinced
delegates to a planning session
Potential speakers were being
contacted, documents were being
whipped into shape and campus
sentiment was being tapped by a
steering committee appointed at
the SLID-led session. And indica-
tions last night were that the
meeting would come off within
the next ten days.
But agreement on the priciples
underlying the meeting had to
wait until a snag was overcome.
Ed Shaffer, chairman of MYDA
was on hand with a statement
from his organization's executive
board. It declared that "violations
of academic freedom took place
only in the columns of the Ameri-
can newspapers-ald not in C-
The statement went on to nuote
Jin Smith, NSA delegate to the
International Union of Students
who resigned because of the turn
of events in Prague. Smith stated,
according to the MYDA report,
that, in the student demonstration
protesting the Czech coup, "one
person was hit by an automobile
and another shot in the leg after
a tussle with a policeman."
But none were arrested and
beaten, according to MYDA.
Earlier in Session
Earlier in the session, a report
had been read by Alfred Shapiro,
chairman of SLID and leader of
the meeting. It wasa later report
in which Jim Smith declared that
he "did not authorize the press
release" that was accredited to
Smith, as quoted in the New
York Times, went on to parallel
the happenings in Czechoslovakia
today with those of nine years ago
under the German occupation. The
resemblance between the two is
"loss of freedom or organizations
and of academic freedom in the
universities," he said.
hind schedule," Vice -Presidenit
Marvin L. Niehiuss declared yester-
day. "The present appropriation
has almost run out, and unless we
are granted more funds we will
have to suspend construction ac-
Niehuss released the following
breakdown of the $3,969,500 asked
to complete existing construction:
General Service Building, $350,-
000; Business Administration
Building, $1,090,000; Chemistry
Building, $328,500; Maternity Hos-
pital, $1,645,000; Engineering
Building, $200,000; and for Exten-
sion of Services to these buildings,
Since the war, the Legislature
has appropriated $8,000,000 for
the Victory Building Program,
which was the original estimate of
the total cost of construction, Nie-
huss revealed. Since then, how-
ever, costs have gone up 49% on
Niehuss declartc that if the
money for current construction is
granted, substantially all the proj-
ects already began will be complet-
ed and ready for occupation by the
See LEGISLATURE, Page 6
Icy Reception Greeted Hitler
In Prague Nine Years Ago
By JAKE HURWITZ .
After snow balls and choruses of
boes had greeted his grey-clad
troops in the streets of Prague,
Adolph Hitler followed them into
the ancient city of Europe's Bo-
hemian heartland-just nine years
It was a big day for Der Fuhrer,
but his troops wondered at their
icy reception. According to old
Daily files several troopers when
interviewed by an Associated Press
correspondent said they had
marched into Prague under the
impression that they were to quell
a revolution, and were amazed at
not being given a great welcome.
Unmoved, Hitler established
himself for the night in the his-
toric Hradcany Castle, where the
burial vault of makers of Bohemi-
an history is located, and where
Czech Presidents made their home.
The populace was moved.
'World War legionnaires who
fought for Czech independence
and their wives wept without
shame. Cries of 'Pfui! Pfui!--go
back home,' were heard," accord-
ing to an Associated Press Dis-
patch. A few German residents
In the United States the reac-
tion was violent. Under-Secretary
of State Sunmer Welles declared
in a statenient approved by Presi-
dent Roosevelt that "acts of vio-
lence and wanton lawlessness and
of arbitrary force are threatening
world peace and the very structure
He condemned the "acts which
have resulted in the temporary
(He emphasized the word 'tempo-
rary.') extinguishment of the lib-
erties of a free and independent
In time Senate, Senator Pittman
of Nevada alled. for immediate
preparations for defense against
the menace of Hitler.
Developments in the University
'food situation" were slowed
down yesterday as delivery of a
report by the East Quad food
committee to University officials
was postponed until tomorrow.
Robert P. Briggs, University
vice-president, told The Daily that
his office is awaiting the list of
revofnnmenda tions promisecl by the
East Quad connittee.
Meatwhile, officers of Mosherr
and Jord--m halls yesterday de
;4d a Daily report that a "food
committee" was being proposed
in either Mosher or Jordan
Jerry Ryan, president of the
committee, claimed that copies
of the report would be submitted
tomoirow to Vice-President Biggs
and to Mrs. Eleanor H. Korstad,
East Quad dietician.
Within four days the U. S. had
slapped a twenty-five per cent ad-
ditional tariff on many classes of
Editorial writers for The Daily
saw the bloodless conquest as an-
other step in Hitler's long march
eo the east. Hungary appeared to
them as next on the timetable.
In London, the late Prime Min-
See CZECHS, Page 6
O utlaws Union
WASHINGTON, March 15--(NP)
-The Taft-Hartley ban on politi-
cal spending by labor unions was
ruled unconstitutional today in
Federal District Court.
Judge Ben Moore dismissed an
indictmeht obtained by the Jus-
tice Department which charged
the CIO and Philip Murray, its
president, with a deliberate viola-
tion of the ban.
The court ruled that the section
in ue:tion "is an unconstitutional
abridgement of the freedom of
speech, freedom of the press and
freedom of assembly,"
The Justice Department an-
nounced it will appeal "promptly"
to the Supreme Court. Attorneys
for both sides hoped for a ruling
before the high court's mid-sum-
mer vacation recess.
The issue is nnportant because
it will govern the decree of partici-
pation of unions in the 1948 cam-
paign. Labor organizations gen-
erally have announced elaborate
plans for supporting candidates
pledged to work for the Taft-Hart-
ley Act's repeal.
Concentration meetings spon-
sored by the philosophy depart-
ment and the degree program in
religion and ethics will be held
at 4:15 p.m. today, Rmn. 231,
Professors C. L. Stevenson and
W. Frankena will speak on con-
centration in philosophy and re-
ligion and ethics as a field of
The concentration schedule for
this week appears on page 6 of
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, March 15-A strike
of CIO packinghouse workers
against the nation's major meat
packers and scores of independent
packers for higher wages began
The strike, which an industry
spokesman said would cut in half
the nation's meat supply, started
first in the East at 12:01 a.m.
It was effective in other sections
of the country at 12:01 a.m. local
A total of 100,000 union workers
were called out on strike.
The strike was called despite a
plea to the union from President
Truman to hold the walkout in
abeyance and continue working
while a special board of inquiry
delved into the dispute.
Mr. Truman had asked the un-
ion and the meat packers to con-
tinue negotiations until the board,
as yet publicly unnamed, reported
to him April 1.
Some 140 meat packing firms
are involved in the walkout of CIO
workers-the second in two years.
The major targets of the strike
are Swift & Co., the Cudahy Pack-
ing Co., Wilson & Co., and Armour
& Co. These firms, the largest in
the country, usually set the pat-
tern for wages in the industry.
The packing companies said the
strike would halve the nation's
The CIO group, officially known
as the United Packinghouse Work-
ers of America, and the AFL Am-
algamated Meat Cutters and
Butcher Workmen's Union, with a
combined membership of 248,000,
struck Jan. 16, 1946 for a 25 cents
an hour wage increase. One week
later, the government took over
operation of the 134 packing
plants involved in the dispute. The
next day the AFL union's workers
returned to work and two days lat-
er the CIO members returned.
In the face of the CIO meat
packers strike, the University and
the city of Ann Arbor are pre-
pared with a normal to extra
large supply of meat.
Large purchases made by the
University in December assure the
residence halls of an adequate
supply of meat unless the strike
should last for several weeks, The
Daily learned yesterday. The Uni-
versity keeps most of its meat in
a frozen storage in Detroit.
City mneat packing houses re-
ported an average-to-large supply
of meat on hand, which will last
from four days to a week.
One market, which owns its own
slaughter house will not be af-
fected by the strike.
Officials of another packing
house noted that the strike would
To Remain at
Head Grid Duties
Coach of the Year' Reta ins Poition
As Atletic Director, Phys. Ed. Chief
By DICK KRAUS
Daily Sports Editor
Fritz Crisler resigned last night as Michigan's head foot.
He will remain, however, as Athletic Director.
Bennie Oosterbaan,. present backfield coach, was named
to succeed him as the Wolverines' grid pilot.
Crisler's announcement came almost ten years to the day
after he took the coaching reins at Michigan. He s-aid, in explaining
his surprise move:
"The exacting demands in time and energy now required in-my
dual capacity as Athletic Director and football coach have led me to
* * * fthe decision to retire from foot-
sound and effective sys-
offensive and defensive
has been well estab-
le then cited Oosterbaan's
part in the development of the
system and his familiarity with
it. "It is only logical that he
should succeed me. I know of
no one who is better qualified
to continue from where we left
off last year. With Oosterbaan
at the head of a fine staff,
Michigan's football program
will be in good hands."
It was also revealed that George
Ceithaml will move into the back-
field coaching spot vacated by
Oosterbaan. Ceithaml, Wolverine
quarterback in 1940-41-42, was
jayvee mentor last season. Jack
Blott will remain as line coach,
while the position of end coach
Commenting on Crislerls re-
tirement, Prof. Ralph Aigler,
Michigan's Big Nine faculty rep-
resentative, said, "When Crisler
came here ten years ago this Sat-
urday, we were all aware of the
fact that he could hold all three
jobs only for the time being.
When he carme, he was as-
sistant athletic director to Mr.
Yost and remained in that posi-
tion for three years. For the
past seven he has held three
jobs, Athletic Director, Foot-
ball Coach, and Chairman of
the Department of Physical Ed-
Aigler declared that Crisler's
action had been anticipated for
ome time, but that, coming as it
did on the heels of his pheno-
menal 1947 season, it was unex-
Crisler's retirement ends one
of the most successful careers in
football history when it was at
his peak. A specialist in reviving
football doormats, he came to
Mitchigan after revitalizing
Princeton until it had attained
a virtual domination of the Ivy
Crisler took over a Michigan
team that was in the midst of
its worst football depression-
and in ten years his team rolled
up 70 victories against 16 losses
and 3 ties,
An exponent of offensive foot-
ball, Crisler has seen his teams
average four touchdowns a game.
Oosterbaan has been carefully
groomed to succeed Crisler from
the day he was appointed to the
coaching staff in 1928, the same
year he closed out his brilliant
playing career as an All-American
end for the Wolverines.
He doubled as end coach and
head basketball coach for sev-
eral years before assuming the
backfield chores in 1946.
The originator of Michigan's
end-around series, Oosterbaan is
respected as one of the most bril-
liant offensive tacticians in the
uama flri a o
... the successor
No Surprise to Bennie
Bennie knew it all the time.
"I am very happy about it and
delighted with the opportunity,"
Michigap's new football coach,
Bennie Oosterbaan, said last night
when contacted by the Daily. He
admitted that he had talked his
new job over with "Fritz" Crisler
affect only 24 of their 52 plants. some time ago.
in a contest sponsored by WAA
patterned after the "Miss Hush"
and "Walking Man" contests of
recent radio fame. Clues to Mr.
Finn's identity will be given on
a new program, "Get in the Swim
EFFICIENCY DOES TRICK:
Studenut Legislature Points to Numerous
Concrete nmeits in Past Year'
(EDIOR'S NOTE: Thisars the first
ai a series of descriptive articles con-
cerning the set up and functoning of
the Student Legislature committee
Previously, under a decentral-
ized set-up, with. 14 committees
making for an unwieldy and in-
efficient body, action was stymied.
Ac nrn f-n i'miar 1P,,. ,,(i C~an'loa l, r if iF
Working in cooperation with
the Student Affairs Committee, a
Legislature initiated plan to in-
crease the student membership on