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March 12, 1948 - Image 4

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" w6wo"I W

Barbershop Boycott

Active Democracy
derlies the current IRA boycott against
the Dascola barbershop cuts directly through
the morass of sophistries which are pre-
sented as arguments against the action. No
one who sincerely believes in democracy can
question the action without compromising
his ideals.
An honest faith in democracy requires
much more than a sterile objectivity. Na-
turally, the educational director of IRA
has a bias against the verdict of the citi-
zens who gave thcir decision. The differ-
ence is that Salk is biased in favor of work-
ing principles whereas the jury's bias is
still open to question.
A living democracy exacts a constant
awareness of all infringements. Even more
t if d^ nrtionn' 'AVion nene-
trates all areas of human thought and en-
uea r - ucation, legal acuion, and pro-
test. Protest is as much a part of the
function of democracy as the final'decision
of a jury. Final decisions can be reversed
and protest against decisions considered un-
fair go hand-in-hand with appeals to a high-
er court.
We cannot make a democracy work by
sitting around and finding fault on aca-
demic levels. Nor can we establish any kind
of real equality of man when man weighs
his fate with a jaundiced, if supposedly
democratic eye.
-Lida Dailes
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Final Authority
THE ENDS justify the means.
This is apparently the policy which the
Inter-Racial Association intends to follow
with the recent announcement by Lee Salk,
their educational director, that a boycott of
the Dascola barbers will be attempted.
Salk maintains that the jury decision ex-
onerating Dascola was "a flagrant injustice,"
and he rationalizes the boycott by saying
that the jury verdict was influenced by the
defense's "smear" tactics against the IRA
program rather than a consideration of state
Without attempting to judge such a legal
issue (and also without accepting Salk's
biased explanation), it should nevertheless
be pointed out that it is not the place of any
American citizen to resort to overt pressure
tactics because he happened to be on the
short end of a court decision.
The American system of government pro-
vides usually objective judicial institutions
for the airing of disputes and a decison on
them. Undoubtedly, errors in judgment are
sometimes made. However, the very essence
of the system is that the verdicts shall be
by impartial authorities, and their decisions
shall be final.
The IRA has a case. But it is a case which
:an only be settled in a satisfactory manner
if IRA abandons its proposed boycott and
restricts itself to legitimate means of protest
-further court action and mass meetings.
A boycott makes good newspaper copy-
but it seldom accomplishes its purpose, and
usually serves only to draw condemnation
from the student body which it depends on
for its success.'
-Russell B. Clanahan

A Matter of Definition

criticism which confines itself to telling
someone how to do something wrong in a
better way. Thus when some of our states-
men practically declare verbal war against
Russia, and carry on as if hostilities may be-
gin soon, it is constructive criticism to tell
them that what they are doing is unsafe un-
less they also adopt universal military train-
ing. But it would be destructive criticism to
tell them that what they are doing is per-
haps somewhat reckless from the beginning,
and that it might be more wholesome to ex-
plore once more the possibilities of agree-
ment. Destructive criticism is consdered un-
sportsmanlike, something like shooting sit-
ting birds, and the understanding behind the
bipartisan agreement on foreign policy is
Brussels Meeting
out of the post-war era is the story of
the conference now going on in Brussels
between France, England, and the Benelux
countries. The purpose of this conference
is to achieve some sort of economic unity
among those countries. There is considerable
talk of a military alliance, too. The encour-
aging thing is that the conference has an
almost even chance of success.
This chance for success, oddly enough, can
be attributed to two sources: the continued,
advance of Communist forces in the East
and a hope that economic unity will better
utilize the aid forthcoming from the United
States through ERP.
If the countries now meeting over a con-
ference table in Brussels can achieve some
form of economic unity, they will have con-
tributed to an enduring peace as no single
event in the past two years has done. Out
of fear of Russia the nations of Western
Europe may form a unit; a job surpassing
in magnitude that done when the thirteen
colonies agreed on the Constitution in 1787.
That the proposed union will prove pros-
perous for the peoples involved cannot be
denied. Economic barriers to prosperity will
be lowered as customs duties are eliminated.
Even the cause of political freedom will be
strengthened by such an economic union,
for prosperity will save the peoples of West-
ern Europe from the necessity of embracing
Communism in order to stave off starvation.
We are a long way from seeing the day
when Europe shall be a single state of free
peoples, but the Brussels conference is the
most heartening step yet taken in that
-Dick Morrison.

that all criticism must be constructive. Thus
when we fail to bring order to Greece after
a year's effort and expenditure, construc-
tive criticism says we ought now to try the
samepolicy in China, too-as against de-
structive criticism, which would murmur
loathsomely that maybe we ought to try
something else.
CHARM: A deep, subtle appeal exerted
by certain prospective presidential candi-
dates; it is considered possibly to have some-
thing to do wth the fact that they have
never been in politics.
office in the American governmental estab-
lishment, whose incumbent is sometimes de-
scribed as being, simultaneously, a member
of the executive branch without power, and
of the legislative branch without a vote. The
office is chiefly important during election
campaigns, when a nominee for vice-presi-
dent is usually sought on the basis that he
must complement and round out the quali-
ties of the nominee for President. Thus, if
the presidential nominee is from the East,
the vice-presidental nominee should be from
the West. If the head of the ticket is a kind
of cold fish, you look for a Will Rogers type
for second man. If the two could be put to-
gether into one, they might make the com-
plete man, but since they cannot be so put
together, the whole process is a kind of
mystique. The chief practical effect is to
insure, in event of the President's death, the
instant elevation of a chief executive who
will be almost precisely the opposite, in every
way, of the man the voters picked to lead the
FANTASY: An unreal, often wild and dis-
torted, view of the future, such as is held by
a man who believes that, with sound gov-
ernment planning, we ought to be able to
level out booms and busts, and live, peace-
ful, orderly lives. These frenzied visions are
not to be compared with the lucid, whole-
some and realistic perspectives of truly so-
ber men, who know that there will always be.
periods of unemployment and depression as
long as mankind shall endure.
of some of our book reviewers, who discuss
Jii Farley's volume about himself and
Franklin D. Roosevelt as if it were a book
about a poltician, written by a statesman.
MacA rthutr Appeal
IT IS INTERESTING to note that the
Hearst newspapers have bestowed their
"kiss of death" on MacArthur's aspirations
toward the presidential nomination. The
fact that the Hearst papers have gone all
out in their "MacArthur for America" cam-
paign, complete with all the sensationalism
of which they are past masters, will prob-
ably do more harm than good to the cause
of the able general. Let us hope so, any-.
The good stolid citizens of the United
States tend to be hero-worshippers, with a
strong taste for the colorful and the dra-
matic. MacArthur with his famous past
of military conquests, his dramatic (though
egoistic) "I shall return" will probably ap-
peal to the American public. This coupled
with the sure-fire emotional stew dished up
by the Hearst papers may make a very pal-
atable dish to a great many romance-hun-
gry Americans.

City Editor's
THAT MOVE by student veterans at Har-
vard and eight veterans in Chicago who
oppose omnipotent Gen. Doug MacArthur's
bid for the presidency should gain a lot of
support among less vocal elements of the
voting population.
VAM, or Vets Against MacArthur, as
the groups are called, should attract most
of the men who served under him dur-
ing the war. Currently Mac is striding
around Japan like a refurbished Hirohito.
He would probably turn the White House
into a feudal castle, complete with moat
if he managed to win the election. Let's
head off this demi-god now and get a
VAM chapter on the University campus.
LOOKS LIKE it won't be long before Fin-
land suffers the same fate as did Czech-
oslovakia. Already flying squads of com-
mies, calling themselves "Worker's Commit-
tees" have blown into all the newspaper
offices in Helsinki warning newsmen that
"anti-Soviet propaganda" must stop at
once, "or else." Think it's about time we
stop kidding ourselves on this Russian busi-
ness. Commies there and in this country
won't stop until their neferious ends are
accomplished. It's a continuous process
which must be stopped now-and the quick-
est way to assert ourselves on this question
is by speedy enactment of the Marshall
NOTICED an innocuous advertisement by
the butter interests opposing the drive to
repeal oleo taxes. The ad blandly proclaims
that "People know butter by its golden
color" and that "Only butter can be but-
ter." The ad is topped by a stark golden
smear on a black background. Wonder why
they don't also say that "golden" butter
is artificially colored in the winter time?
days on Campus back in 1941 before
the war turned students' thoughts toward
more serious things. Thumbing through
old Daily files for March 1941 we came
across an item concerning one of the regu-
lar Ruthven teas.
It seems four male students attended
one of the teas, and while the other
guests sipped the beverage they slipped
up to the President's bedroom and short-
sheeted the bed. There was no comment
from the President's office in the next
day's issue.
At the State .. .
THE ADVENTURESS, Deborah Kerr, Tre-
vor Howard.
It has been said of late that recent Brit-
ish films have been overshadowing our'
own, but J. Arthur Rank and his troops
have hit a foul ball this time with an un-
funny, un-dramatic, and un-timely comedy-
drama. The setting is Ireland in 1944-
a year we'd like to forget. Miss Kerr is a
good Irish lass who hates everything Brit-
ish because of her father's training. So,
when her twenty-first birthday arrives, she
wheels to Dublin to work as a crusader for
the Irish Cause. A narrow-eyed, cigarette
smoking German spy quickly takes advant-
age of her child-like gullibility and puts her

to work for the Nazis, unknown to her, of
course. Trevor Howard is a rather weak and
emaciated looking hero, but he enthusiasti-
cally joins the melee with surprising reck-
lessness. I think I missed a couple of scenes
near the end, but when I awoke, I found
that I hadn't really missed a thing, and
I don't think you will either.
* *I * *
At the Michigan..
THE LOST MOMEN, Robert Cummings,
Susan Hayward.
This is an intriguing drama which con-
tains a well-constructed plot and sincere
acting. The background is Venice, where a
young American publisher has gone in order
to find the famous love letters of Jeffrey
Ashton, poet. Susan Hayward lives in the
poet's old house and has illusions that she
is his sweetheart. The gloomy atmosphere
of the house, plus some well planned situa-
tions, makes this picture one which bristles
with suspense. Robert Cummings shows
what he can do when given a decent role, as
he keeps the picture moving with his actions
and dialogue. Although somewhat reminis -
cent of "Great Expectations," this is the
most original film to come out of the fac-
tory this year.
-Alex Lindsay

Publication in The Daily OfficialE
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 10211
Angell Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day1
prceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
s *"
FRIDAY, MARCH 12, 1948
VOL. LVIII, No. 113
Faculty, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: The fresh-
man five-week progress reports
will be due Fri., March 12, in the1
office of the Academic Counselors,
108 Mason Hall.]
Approved social events for the
coming weekend (afternoon events
are indicated by an asterisk):
March 12
Alpha Phi Omega, Kappa Sig-
ma, Latin American society, Phi
Delta Chi, Sigma Nu, Victor
Vaughan, Westminster Guild,
March 13
Alpha Delta Phi, Alpha Delta Pi,
Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha Sig-
ma Phi, Alpha Tau Omega, Ander-
son House, Beta Theta Pi, Delta
Tau Delta, Delta Upsilon, *Greene
House, International Students'
Assoc., Kappa Nu, Lambda Chi
Alpha, M Club, Osterweil Coopera-
tive, Phi Chi, Phi Sigma Delta,
Phi Gamma Delta, Pi Lambda Phi,
Psi Upsilon, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
Sigma Chi, Sigma Nu, Strauss
House, Theta Chi, Theta Delta
Chi, Theta Xi, Wenley and Allen
Rumsey, Zeta Psi
The deadline for petitions to the
Hopwood Committee is March 15.
Contract for senior ball pic-
tures: Sealed bids from those de-
siring the contract for senior ball
pictures will be accepted by the
Senior Ball Central Committee.
Send bids to Lucile Kennedy, 1503
Washtenaw by Sat., March 20.
Bureau of Appointments & Occu-
pational Information, 201 Mason
The Texas Company will have
three representatives here on
Mon., March 15, to interview
chemists, chemical, mechanical,
electrical and civil engineers. They
will interview for Engineering,
Processing, and Research and De-
Carson Pirie Scott & Company
will have two representatives here
on Monday and Tuesday, March
15 and 16, to interview men and
women who are interested in a de-
partment store executive training
YMCA will have a representa-
tive here Mon., March 15, to inter-
view men who are interested in
executive training with the YMCA.
Men whose backgrounds include
physical education, social sciences.
or education and recreational
group work are preferred. Protest-
ants are desired.
Falls Paper and Power Com-
pany, Oconto Falls, Wisconsin,
will have a representative here on
Wed.,March 17, to interview me-
chanical and chemical engineers.
Electric Auto-Lite Company will
have a representative here on
Thurs., March 18, to interview

"Th Cspciy948byaU'td*Nitugme'SyJhate, u .."
"This city ain't big enough fer thm' both of us."

electrical, mechanical, and chemi-
cal engineers.
The Carter Oil Company, Tulsa,
Oklahoma, will have a representa-
tive here on Fri., March 19, to in-
terview physicists, chemists, and
For completed information and
appointments, call at the Bureau
of Appointments.
University Lecture: "Changing
Patterns in American Thought."
Brand Blanshard, Professor of
Philosophy and Chairman of the
Department of Philosophy, Yale
University; auspices of the De-
partment of Philosophy. Fri.,
March 12, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheatre. Open to the public.
Academic Notices
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri_,
March 12, 4 p.m., Observatory.
Robert M. Page will speak on the
subject, "Calculation of Solar Line
Electrical Engineering Colloqui-
um: Fri., March 12, 4 p.m., Rmr.
2084, E. Engineering Bldg. Prof.
S. S. Attwood will speak on "At-
mospheric Absorption of Micro-
Concentration Discussion Series:
Friday, March 12
Anthropology and Geography -
231 Angell Hall, 4:15 p.m.
Prof. L. A. White: The Nature
and Scope of Anthropology and Its
Place in a Liberal Education
Prof. J. B. Griffin: Vocational
Implications of Anthropology
Prof. K. C. McMurry, Prof. C.
M. Davis: Geography as a Field of
Mimeographed material con-
cerning these fields of concentra-
tion may be obtained at either the
Department offices or the Office
of the Academic Counselors, 108
Mason Hall.
Events Today
Radio Progra:
2:30-2:55 WKAR-On Campus
Doorsteps-The Office of Mr. Es-
son M. Gale, Director of the In-
ternational Center.
5:45-6 WPAG-Phi Mu Alpha-
Oboe Trio-Bill Poland, Noah
Knepper, Myron Russell.

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or 1ess in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views
expressed in letters are those of the
writ ers only. Letters of more than
300 wrds are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
Academic Freedom
To the Editor:
principle of Academic Free-
dom, while discussing the ban on
MYDA should give similar atten-
tion to the restriction of academic
freedom abroad. The local ban-
ning of MYDA and events in
Czechoslovakia bear the same
stamp of intolerance. There is no
question of the facts concerning
suppression of academic freedom
in Czechoslovakia. The National
Student Association reports that
"every democratic principle has
been violated" in Czechoslovak
universities. The instituting of
loyalty pledges and checks, partic-
ipation in "anti-fascist" activity.
the purging of textbooks, and of
students and professors who will
not submit to the dictates of the
"authorities" in Czechoslovakia
are no less important to us than
are denials of academic freedom
in American universities.
The SLID protests the continued
banning of MYDA. We call for its
reinstatement, and feel that this
is an opportunity to reaffirm the
principle of Academic Freedom
throughout the world. We urge
that MYDA. MCAF, YPCM, the
Lawyers' Guild. ADA, AVC, the
Young Democrats, Student World
Federalists, other campus groups,
and faculty members join us in
condemning these actions at home
and abroad, and in expressing
sympathy with the students and
faculty of Charles University at
Prague. We invite these groups,
especially, MYDA. as a group
which has been denied academic
freedom, to condemn the arrest
and shooting of students who pro-
tested the recent resubmergency
of Czechoslovak liberty. Be it in
America, Czechoslovakia, China,
Poland or elsewhere, the issue is
not one of freedom for ourselves
alone, or fore those with whom we
agree, but rather, is one of free-
dom for ALL to express their own
convictions without fear of re-
The Student League for
Indtstrial Democracy.
* * *
To the Editor:
HAVE bEEN a subscriber to
The Michigan Daily for two
semesters now and have just
reached the point where I don't
care whether The Daily is deliv-
ered to my door or not,
I have been tempted to write
more than one letter to the editor
of this paper, but have always
held myself in check for fear of
becoming known as a campus rad-
ical. However, the spread on The
Daily front page on Sunday, con-
cerning UMT, is the straw that
broke thecamel's back.
How an editorial staff composed
of su po~edly intelligent and ma-
ture cdtt'ge students can be so
dense as to say the entire campus
is against UMT on a majority
rules basis, when in a poll they
quizzed about one pr'cent of the
entir'e studelnt body, I just do not
To me it is ridiculous to say
that 241 students were asked
whether they were for UMT or
not, and then come out with a
headline in bold facedi type that
the campus is anti-UMT. I am
for UMT and I feel that the ma-
jorty of students with any under-
standing of the present woild sit-

uation at all, are certainly for it.
Yet, no one approached me and
asked me what my views were on
the subject. I defy The Daily to
make a 100 per cent all campus
survey on UMT and to publish
the results of such a poll.
Not long ago, several million
men and women took part in one
of the worst wars in history.
Many of them never returned to
this country for the simple reason
that they were slaughtered cn the
battle field in order that all.Amecr-
icans might have the freedom that
has always been known in this
country, and that so many people
appreciate so very little.
I had a very good friend who
was among those who didn't come
back, and my wife had a brothel
who is buried somewhere in
France. He was given six weeks
of basic training and then shipped
overseas where he was killed with-
in a month after his arrival . .
Certainly, no one can call it un-
democratic to train the youth o
America, so that they will have

an even chance for survival, in
the wars that could conceivably
-Robert J. Bargert.
in Cotdjeteria
To the Editor:
hand to back me up I think
there are a few constructive re-
marks which can be made con-
cerning "our" Union cafeteria and
tap room.
To any observant individual
who has eaten in many of the res-
taurants around campus it would
seem that the advantages of eat-
ing at the Union are few.
It is apparent that the foun-
tain service has degenerated to the
extent that "U" Drug and With-
am's make better maltssand
shakes. Smaller ice cream scoops
are now in use and a manager is
paid to supervise and economize
the fountain service.
"Bus your dishes" signs are
seen everywhere and regardless of
the merit of this procedure, it's a
saving in overhead not an ad-
vantage for the student customer.
Bus boys have been cut to the
minimum and at seventy cents an
hour this represents a consider-
able reduction in cost. Even so,
the prices still remain high as
the servings continue to get
Large scale feeding is an econ-
omy in itself. I do not think that
the prime objective of th- Union
:hould be economy, it should be
service to the student.
The Union cafeteria and tap
room couki do well to pattern its
policies after those followed by
its analogous student building, the
League. The League seems to ful-
fill student needs without incon-
venience to customer or manage-
I maintain that the cafeteria
and tap room should be non-pro-
fit, run entirely for the benefit
of students in attendance at this
school. There is talk about an
addition. If I he powers that be
want an addition, it should be paid
for with state appropriations, not
out of profits made from student
If you drink your coffee black
and like doughnuts you will fair
well in the Union cafeteria. Aside
from this the place fails miser-
ably in fulfilling student needs.
If I were editor, I would push
such real grievances as this which
are so vital to the welfare of the
student body.
-M. W. Cochran, Jr.
THERE HAS BEEN an under-
standable and wholly laudable
interest lately in various plans for
enabling colleges and universities
to serve greater numbers of stu-
dents. There was popular ac-
ceptance, for example of the re-
commendation of the President's
Commission on Higher Education
that steps be taken to make pos-
sible a doubling of the nation's
college enrollment by 1960.
In all this emphasis on the
quantitative, however, there is a
danger that the public might eai-
ly suffer in a period of rapid ex-
pansion. Quality is achieved only
through provision for competent
teachers, and the country is fall-
ing down on that responsibility
-St. Louis Star Times

Fifty-Eighth Year


Letters to the Editor...



4 t

Delta Epsilon Pi fraternity:
p.m., Rm. 305, Michigan Union.


German Coffey Hour: 3-4:30
p.m., Michigan League Coke Bar.
Students and faculty members in-
SRA COFFEE HOUR: 4:30 pm.,
Lane Hall. Everyone is invited.
Hawaii Club: 7:30 p.m., Upper
Room, 2nd floor, Lane Hall.
Peoples Songs: Organizational
meeting, 8 p.m., Michigan Union.
Roger Williams Guild: Those
planning to attend the operas
meet at the Guild House at 7:30
United World Federalists World
Government College ForumCon-
mitte: 4:30 p.m., 3rd floor, Mich-
igan Union. Remaining tentative
(Continued on Page 6)

Looking Backward
From the pages of The Daily,
A disloyalty charge against certain fac-
ulty members wasp declared "groundless" by
Secretary of the University Shirley W.
American troops conducted three heavy
raids against German lines on the Lorraine
front in France.,
The first count of ballots in the all-cam-
pus election assured five party members and
one independent candidate posts in the Uni-

Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
John Campbell .......Managing Editor
' Dick Maloy............. CIty Editor
Hlarriett Friedman .."Editorial Director
Lida Dalles...........Associate Editor
Joan Katz.............Associate Editor
Fred Schott.........Associate Editor
Dick Kraus..............sports Editor
Bob Lent ......Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson........Women's Editor
Jean Whitney Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Nancy Helmick .......General Manaw
Jeanne Swendeman.......Ad. Manager
Edwin Schneider .. Finance Manager
Dick Halt....... Circulation Manager
Bess Hayes................Librarian
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press



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