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March 10, 1948 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1948-03-10

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-MARCH LION
STILL ROARING

Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LVIII, No. 111 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Dewey Men
Lead Field
In Primary
MacArthur Camp
Plans Big Boom
E A
By The Associated Press
CONCORD, N.H., March 9 -
Governor Thomas E. Dewey of
New York held a six-to-two-lead
at midnight tonight for New
Hampshire's eight seats at the Re-
publican National Convention-on
the basis of returns from more
than a third of the state's pre-
cincts.
Harold E. Stassen, former Gov-
ernor of Minnesota, was the only
other outright contender in this
first Presidential primary of 1948.
One of his leading supporters,
Republican National Committee-
man Frank Sulloway, who ran as a
Stassen delegate, said the New
Yorker looked like a certain win-
ner of five delegates.
He based his prediction on re-
turns from 83 of the state's 298
precincts-towns and city wards-
in the delegate at large contest.
Elsewhere on the political
front, backers of newly declared
candidate Douglas MacArthur
laid plans for a big boom. Presi-
dent Trauman's camp was silent
on campaign strategy, however.
About 20 MacArthur campaign
leaders from 10 states will get to-
gether, probably next week in Mil-
waukee, to plan their boom. This
was announced by Warren Wright,
Chicago banker who is coordina-
tor of MacArthur for America
clubs.
In Ohio, MacArthur men an-
nounced a write-in campaign
among Republican voters to get
the name of tle Tokyo allied
commander ion the May 4 pri-
mary list.
Meanwhile, the Democratic
campaign chief tonight assailed
Henry Wallace as offering "abject
appeasement to the forces of god-
less communism" and the Repub-
lican leader called for reduced
taxes and expenditures.
Senator J. Howard McGrath,
chairman of the Democratic Na-
tionaL Committee, and Carroll
Reece, head of the GOP national
organization, made their state-
ments at the Philadelphia Bulle-
tin Forum.
Smith Denies
Liquor Char oe .
Court Trial Will Be
Held Next Tuesday
June Smith, Ann Arbor caterer,
yesterday pleaded "not guilty" to
a warrant charging that he per-
mitted the consumption of alco-
holic beverages at his establish-
ment.
The premises are not licensed by
the Michigan Liquor Control Com-
mission, the warrant declares.
Municipal Court Judge Jay H.
Payne set the trial date for 2 p.m.
Tuesday. The decision whether to
have the trial by judge or jury
was not settled at the hearing,
however.
Smith is charged with the vio-
lation of Section 11, City Ordi-
nance 122, concerning the regula-
tion of liquor licenses in Ann Ar-
bor. The maximuni penalty under
the ruling is $100 fine or 90 days
in jail, or both.
The defendant was released on

a $100 bond. His attorney is John
Conlin.

IF I WERE EDITOR...
Radio for Diatribe
THE DAILY'S "IF I WERE EDITOR" contest received a kick in
the pants yesterday when one of our advertisers, C. H. Dick of Music
Center Inc., contributed a $25.95 table model radio to top the prize
list.
The radio, a white plastic Farnsworth, will be on display today at
the Music Center, 718 Hutchins. It will be awarded Monday after Daily
senior editors announce price winners in Sunday's Daily.
In addition to the Center's donation, The Daily will pay as ad-
vertised five $5 prizes for the next best letters. All "editors" must send
criticisms and suggestions not ' ----- - -

later than Friday.
MEANWHILE, a perusal of some
of yesterday's mail showed readers
are making a close analysis of The
Daily. Lois Wolfe, 328 Couzens
Hall, noted that (AP) pictures oc-
casionally sneak by a few weeks
late (re Ghandi last week). And
she objects to so many "faces" in
picture storiesinstead of action
shots, and to the intermingling of
sports and other news on page one.
Also, she doesn't like Barnaby!
Thelma Williams, 1219 Washte-
naw, gave us a boot and a boost.
"I would like to see," she wrote,
"improvement in the extent and
quality of reporting done on pro-
gressive groups on campus."
"BUT, TO LEAVE you with a
pleasant feeling, I would like to

commend you on the fairness, or
at least the apparent fairness in
the Letters To The Editors col-
umn. I have seen letters on both
sides of an issue in this column
and I feel such impartiality is to
be praised."
Before you write your diatribe,
maybe we could give you a hint.
What about the women's page?
What would you (women) like to
see there? How about some resi-
pes for hot-plate fiends maybe?
Or possibly a series of sketches on
women active in campus projects,
etc.?
WELL, ANYTHING YOU SAY.
Let us have both barrels, and may-
be you'll be picking up a radio next
Monday, or one of the $5 prizes.

Oleo Tax
Issue Nears
Showdown
Congress Faces
18 Repeal Bills
The long-raging controversy be-
tween butter and margarine is
fast coming to a showdown on two
levels of government, the state
and the national.
At the national level, there have
been taxes on the production of
colored margarine since 1886,
when a tax of 10 cents a pound
was imposed. In addition, there
are high license fees on manufac-
turers, wholesalers and retailers.
By comparison, the tax on un-
colored margarine is % of a cent
per pound.
Congressmen Face Paddle
At the present time there are
18 bills pending before the House
Agricultural Committee to repeal
the taxes on oleo. One Congress-
man said irate women voters may
use their margarine spoons to
paddle Congressmen who fail to
support one of the 18 bills, ac-
cording to an Associated Press
dispatch.
In the same report, Rep. Mit-
chell (Rep., Ind.) described the
margarine taxes as discrimina-
tory and antiquated.
At the state level, the 1901
Michigan law prohibiting the sale
of colored oleomargarine will be
tested today when a Pontiac gro-
cer, who violated the law pur-
posely and allowed himself to be
arrested, will be examined.
Ban Is Defied
The Michigan Retail Grocers
and Meat Dealers Association.
who are backing the defendant,
announced his intention to defy
the ban in a full-page newspaper
advertisement. Breen had prev-
iously purchased a federal license
for $48 to sell colored margarine
in order to remain within federal
law.
As a result of these laws, mar-
garine must be sold uncolored in
Michigan, and if the housewife
wants it colored she must add the
color herself.
As to the nutritional value, the
American MedicaliAssociation has
certified that margarine is com-
parable nutritionally to butter.

FINNISH CABINET CONSIDERS RUSSIAN PACT-Finland's Premier, Naunb Pekkala (center)
is flanked by Foreign Minister Carl Enckell (left) and Agriculture Minister Vihtori Vesternen, during
meeting of the cabinet in Helsinki to consider steps to meet Russia's request for a friendship and
mutual assistance pact. President Paasikivi agreed to the negotiations proposal after lengthy
consultations with parliamentary leaders.
MISSIONARIES TO MOSCOW:
Finns Name Leftists for Pact Talks

'RED TACTICS HELP':
De Gaulle Victory in Election
.Foreseen by Swiss Historian.

!f1

By RUSS CLANAHAN
The De Gaullist groups have "a
good chance of winning in the up-
coming French elections, and are
almost certain to win if the Cen-
ter parties of the present govern-
ment don't receive sufficient eco-
nomic aid," Dr. David Wechsler,
Swiss historian traveling in this
country, said in an interview yes-
terday.
Dr. Wechsler, who spoke in
Rackham Amphitheatre last night,
came to the United States about
two months ago from France and
Switzerland.
Pointingout that Swiss public
opinion favors the present French
government, he said that the Swiss
consequently favor also the Mar-
shall Plan, but question 'whether
it will reach France in time to
bolster the Center's electoral po-
sition.
Communists Help De Gaulle
"The Communist tactics in
France have actually resulted in
increased support for De Gaulle,"
Wechsler said, minimizing the
chances for a Communist victory
in the election.
Citing an example of the impov-
erished French economy, Dr.
Wechsler said that, while he was
in Paris, a really good meal for
two persons cost about one-tenth
of the average French worker's
Congress Moves
To Expddite ERP
WASHINGTON, March 9-(P-
Congress stamped "rush" on the
Marshall Plan today amid grow-
ing talk of a possible new war.
Extra sessions were lined up
for the Senate to speed action on
the $5,300,000,000 European Re-
covery Program.
And Chairman Eaton (Rep.,
N.J.) said the House Foreign Af-
fairs Committee would begin writ-
ing its own bill after hearing Maj.
'len. Claire Chennault testify t;,
morrow on aid to China.

monthly salary. "The average
family can barely subsist on offi-
cial rations," he added, "so every-
one depends on the Black Market
for part of ther needs."
Turning to his impressions of
the University, Dr. Wechsler, Zu-
rich graduate, said it "seems more
or less like a big family here,"
while in Switzerland the students
live at home and attend class lec-
tures much as a person goes to
work.
In Swiss, as in most European
universities, relations between the
faculty and students is very re-
stricted.,, and there is only one
final exaw to secure a degree, lhe
pointed out.tSports and social life
are strictly on an individual or
private club basis.

HELSINKI, March 9 -(P) --
President Juho Paasikivi appoint-
ed today a leftist-hued delegation
for the talks in Moscow on a
Russo-Finnish treaty of friendship
and military aid.
The seven-man delegation will
be headed by Premier Mauno Pek-
kala, who was given authority "to
sign any documents possibly aris-
ing out of the negotiations."
Parliament will have to ratify
any pact agreed upon in Mos-
cow. A majority of parties in
parliament oppose any military
alliance with the Russians on
the grounds it would put Fin-
land in the Soviet eastern bloc.
Three members of the delega-

tion represent parties who are
against a military pact.
The discussions are expected to
begin in the Soviet capital on or
about March 20-about three
weeks after Prime Minister Stalin
made the treaty proposal in a
letter to Paasikivi. The latter
agreed to the negotiations yester-
day after lengthy consultations
with parliamentary leaders.
Pekkala is a member of the
Social Unity Party, which has
joined with the Communists in
a popular front which controls
51 seats in parliament. Both
parties favor signing a pact of

friendship and mutual aid with
Russia..
Some Finnish political sources
said too much emphasis should not
be placed on-the Leftist complex-
ion of the delegation. They said
Finland was still operating under
democratic parliamentary proce-
dure and the delegation must fol-
low the directives it gets.
Most Finnsappeared to be sit-
ting back calmly awaiting the
outcome of their discussions with
the Russians, but the front of the
Communist and Social Unity
Party stepped up their meetings
in support of a full friendship
and military pact.

Students Air
Gripes About
DormFood
Quad Residents
Attack 'U' Policy
By JOHN CAMPBELL
Students' resentment against
the University residence hall food
"policy" flared up again yesterday
as quadrangle residents took their
gripes to the airwaves.
Interviewing over WHRV's "Mr.,
and Mrs." broadcast at 9:45 a.m.,
a Tyler House resident severely
criticized East Quadrangle food
and its preparation and charged
that the University administra-
tion would not "tell us where our
money is going."
The student has requested
that his name be withheld from
publication. He said he was
"chosen by lot."
Robert F. Briggs, University
vice-president in charge of the
Business Office, and Francis C,
Shiel, Director of the Residence
Halls, were unavailable for com-
ment.
The radio station reported that
it had been deluged with cal
from East and West Quadrangle
residents complimenting them on
the program. One student called
to assure them that "things are
as bad as they sound."
The "Mr. and Mrs." program
is in the nature of a breakfast
chat with "Mr. and Mrs. Jerry
Ryan." Not many listeners real-
ized, however, that "Jerry
Ryan" is his real name and that
he too is a resident of Tyler
House. His partner on the reg-
ular broadcast is Mrs. Marie
Miller, WHRV program director.
Ryan is one ofha committee of
five students, headed by Btb
Gardner, also of Tyler, which was
formed last week to "work on the
food situation." Gordon told Tp
Daily his committee is circulating
petitions through four houses of
the East Quadrangle in an effort
to gain suppport for their cam-
paign.
He claims that 91 per cent of
the Tyler House residents have
signed the petition.
The broadcast is the latest In a
series of incidents resulting fron
consistent food gripes from the
men's quadrangles. The Daily has
learned that dissatisfactiot with
present food policy exteds well
up in the staff of the residence
halls.
Although food gripes from the
quadrangles have been rampant
all year, there has been no offi-
cial statement from the Univer-
sity. However, officials have hint-
ed that an increase in the board
rate is in the offing.
U.S. Citizens'
Civil Liberties

Churchman Hits, Professor
Condones Religious Decision*

By PAT JAMES AND
JO SMITH
A wide range of reactions greet-
ed the Supreme Court decision on
religious instruction in public
schools in the comments of cam-
pus religious advisers and faculty
members yesterday.
From the churchman's angle,
Dr. Edward Blakeman, Counselor
in Religious Education, charged
that the decision, which forbids
the use of public school systems
to help any religious group spread
its 'faith, is going to the extreme
left and making all religious in-
struction sectarian.
"The fact that the Supreme
Court is breaking a new case is
very valuable," Dr. Blakeman
continued, "because it will add
new evidence on which commun-
ities can move toward concerted
effort on religious education."
Dr. Littell Agrees
He was supported in this view-
point by Dr. Franklin H. Littell,
director of the Student Religious
Association, who declared that the
benevolent neutrality of the state
toward church and education has
become a "malevolent neutrality."
Discussing the effect of the rul-
ing, Dr. Littell said, "the decision
of the McCollum case will aug-
ment the uneasiness of religious
people toward our secularized and
paganized education. It will give
Commodities
On the Skids
CHICAGO, March 9 - (IP) -_
Skidding commodity prices gave
inflation a new long range wallop
today.
Wholesale markets registered
their second successive average
daily decline. The retreat sent
the average price of 35 major
commodities to the lowest level in
seven months.

considerable impetus to the in-
terest of an increasing number of
Protestant groups in parochial
schools."
Prof. Wheeler Dissents
An entirely different opinion
was expressed by Prof. Benjamin
W. Wheeler of the history de-
partment, who asserted that he
wa; unalterably opposed to any
unicn of church and state.
Prof. Wheeler commented "I
think the American system of
complete separation of church and
state has been seriously threat-
ened in some areas by the in-
roads of religion into the state
educational system. I hope this
decision will improve the situa-
tion somewhat."
IRA Disclos'es
Boycott Plans
The Inter-Racial Association
will urge a student body boycott of
the Dascola barbers as a result of
the jury acquittal in the recent
racial discrimination case.
Lee Salk, IRA's educational di-
rector charged that "the jury was
pursuaded by the defense's 'smear'
against the student body and those
involved in IRA's program rather
than by the actual violation of a_
state law."
"IRA considers the Jury deci-
sion a flagrant injustice," Salk
said.
He announced that IRA's execu-
tive board will meet tomorrow to
decide how to effectively continue
the fight.

Bailowski To
Feature Chopin
In Hill Concert
Noted Russian Pianist
Will End Extra Series
A concert by Alexander Brailow-
sky, Russian pianist, at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium, will
bring to an end the University
Musical Society's Extra Concert
Series.
For his program Brailowsky will
play the following numbers: Toc-
cata and Fugue in D minor by
Back-Busoni; Sonata in A major
by Scarlatti; Sonata in F minor
"Appassionata" by Beethoven. A
second all-Chopin group will in-
clude Fantasy-Impromptu; Bal-
lade in G minor; Nocturne in F
sharp minor; Waltz in E flat ma-
jor; and Polonaise in A flat ma-
jor.
After an intermission, he will
play: La plus que lente by Debus-
sy; Toccata by Ravel; Impromptu
in F minor by Faure and Hungar-
ian Rhapsody No. 6 by Liszt.
A limited number of tickets for
the concert are still on sale at of-
fices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Tower.
Noted as outstanding present-
day interpreter of Chopin's music,
Brailowsky memorized all but six
of the 170 pieces by the Polish
composer. The complete group, di-
vided among six concerts, has been
performed three times in New
York to sell-out Carnegie Hall au-
diences.
N em Draft Boards
LOUISVILLE, Ky., March 9-
()-Kentucky's director of selec-
tive service during World War II,
Col. Solon F. Russell, said today
draft boards are being reorgan-
ized "as a matter of prepared-
ness."
Col. Russell said the reorgani-
zation is on a national basis, but
officials in Washington dtnied
any' knowledge of such a move.

Tonight at 8, when "Dido and
Aeneas" and "The Telephone" are
given their first performanceby
the Speech and Music depart-
ments, audiences will have an op-
portunity to hear a newly-
purchased harpsichord pla yed
throughout one-half of the double
bill.
Wayne Dunlap, conductor of the
University Orchestra, gave a pre-
view of the instrument yesterday.
He advised listeners, "Don't com-
pare the harpsichord with a piano,
because they're two different in-
struments. The tones on a piano
Campus Quota
Fixed in Red
Cross Drive
The student Red Cross Drive
has officially opened, with a goal
of $3,500 announced by Prof.
Dwight C. Long, chairman of the
University Drive.
First returns from the faculty
campaign already underway, show
that ten per cent of the goal of
$5,250 has been turned in.
Prof. Long announced the open-
ing of the student drive in a let-
ter to University housing units,
in which he pointed out the ex-
tensive service to veterans and
their families provided by the Red
Cross since the war.
Services of the Red Cross with
which students are familiar, the
letter said, include home nursing,
first aid, water safety and acci-
dent prevention.
Supplies for the campaign, in-
cluding stickers and lapel tags
have been included with Prof.
Long's letter. When collections
are completed, funds are to be left
at the Red Cross office, 211 Nick-
els Arcade, or a call to 2-5546
will bring a Red jCross worker
to pick them up.

NIGHT AT THE OPERA:
Harpsichord Punctuates 'Didci
And Aeneas' Performances

1 1;1 I

are produced by striking hammers,
but a harpischord tone is plucked."
Since "Dido" is continuous mu-
sic without spoken dialogue, this
harpsichord will play an impor-
tant part in the orchestral back-
ground. The full orchestra will not
play all of the time, but the harp-
sichord continues throughout,
backed up by the 'cello and bass
sections.
Bach, Handel and Purcell, the
latter the bomposer of "Dido and
Aeneas," wrote for the harpsichord
instead of piano, and thus all of
their works which are now played
on a piano were originally in-
tended for harpsichord.
Tickets for the opera double bill
are available at Lydia Mendels-
sohn box office. So tonight when
the opera opens, or during any of
the subsequent four performances,
listen for the new harpsichord, an
instrument of rich background.
This is the authentic thing, as it
was used by Purcell when he wrote
"Dido and Aeneas."
'Speakers Will
SurveyJobs
Representatives of four organi-
zations employing college gradu-
ates will discuss job opportunities
for students at 4 p.m. today in the
Natural Science Auditoroum.
Organizations to be represented
are the Atlantic Refining Com-
pany, which employs geologists
and engineers for work in Texas
and South America; the F.B.I.,
which employs men as field agents
and both men and women as
translators and stenographers; the
Y.M.C.A., which is interested in
graduates with a group leadership
background and college work in
physical education or sociology;
and the Michigan Bell Telephone
Company.

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World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, March 9-The United States and Russia clashed
heatedly today in a new battle of words over Palestine.
Warren R. Austin, chief United States delegate to the United
Nations, took the unusual step of answering directly a remark from
a Soviet source. This source had said the United States apparently
wants to reopen the Palestine issue in the UN.
"I regret that the Soviet spokesman has sought to pre-judge
the issues before the process of consultation had got under way,"
Austin said.

Denied Aliens
Aliens in the U.S. are not ac-
corded the civil liberties guaran-
teed citizens by the Constitution,
Jerry McCroskey, chairman of the
University chapter of the Na-
tional Lawyers Guild declared at
a YPCM meeting last night.
The detention without bail of
the four alleged Communist aliens
at Ellis Island emphasizes the fact,
that aliens may be deported for
the same action th at a citizen may
take without any restraint being
placed upon him, he asserted.
The Federal Government, in or-
der to suppress political-minded
aliens, desires to publicize the fact
that they can not be assured of
enjoying civil liberties, McCroskey
stated.
Concentration
Talks Continue
Psychology Field To
Be Discussed Today
Potential psychologists will have
a chance to hear the professors of
the psychology department on dif-
ferent phases of their field dur-
ing concentration talks at 4:15
p.m. today, Rm. 231, A.H.
Prof. B. D. Thuma will discuss
requirements for concentration in
psychology. Professors D. 0. Mar-
quis and E. L. Kelly will speak on
the place of psychology in a lib-

* * *

*

LANSING, March 9-The Callahan "Foreign Agents" Law,
object of ,referendum attack, cannot be amended to be consti-
tutional, Attorney General Eugene F. Black declared today,
BRUSSELS, Belgium, March 9-Negotiators at the Western
European Conference were reported tonight to have reached a basis

MIGHT BE MASCULINE BOYCOTT:
Local Marriages Decrease as Leap Year Opens Field

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