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February 26, 1948 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1948-02-26

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POOR SEAWAY
OPPOSITION
See Pace 4

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Daii4

DRIZZLING
CLOUDS

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 100 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

City Has

Too Little

Space for Expansion
Local Builders Say
Increase in 'U' Enrollment Cited
As Factor in 'Critical Shortage'
Ann Arbor has grown too big for its breeches.
With enrillmmnt in the University more than twice its pre-war
figure, includng r:any married students, and with an influx of work-
ers, the short ige of homes is critical.
Major factor in ti.e housing problem is the shortage of building
lots, not to mention their current price-$650 to $1,500 with sewage
pipes.
The cost -f a siimar lot in Detroit averages $375.
At present there are some 250 lots in Ann Arbor, all of them scat-

tered. This makes is impossible fo
Speakers Ask
Police Force
For Palestine
Local Arab Views
Differ on All Issues
The United States must remain
firm on its stand to partition Pal-
estine and demand a PN army for
Palestine, in the opinion of the
three speakers at a Palestine rally
sponsored by the Inter-collegiate
Zionist Federation of America.
(Ahmed A. Omar and Ibhahim
*Elabd, Arab students contacted
flast night opposed a UN army.
They pointed out that the job
of the Security Council is to en-
force peace, not partition. Other
methods must be tried first, they
added.)
Saul Gottlieb, regional director
of the Zionist Organization of
America declared that the oil' in-
terests, the press, the State De-
partment and the British Foreign
Office are responsible for creat-
ing a "Red scare" to undermine
the partition plan in this country.
Cited tase
Citing the case of 15,000 Jews
on board two British ships, whom
the Foreign Office labelled Com-
munists, Gottlieb held that our
State Department later admitted
by implication that this story was
false. Yet, he continued, after the
allegation had been denied by re-
sponsible sources, a Detroit news-
paper gave the "slanderous re-
port" full credence.
Although the arms embargo to
the Middle East imposed by the
U.S. and England prevents new
agreements for arms shipments to
be made, Arab governments are
still receiving arms under exist-
ing agreements, Gottlieb empha-
sized. The weapons are supposed
to be used for training purposes,
but Arab soldiers have been
found fighting using British arms
and uniforms, he said. (Omar and
Elabd predicted violence if the
arms embargo were lifted, and
charged it would be a violation of
American neutrality.)
Littell Comments
Rev. Franklin K. Littell, student
religious association director, de-
clared that the Jewish Common-
wealth has justified itself in terms
of its progressive society and the
advances in technology and edu-
cation, while the Arabs can show
no similar justification.
(On this score Omar and Elazd
commented that the Arab states
are not feudal, since there are no
landed lords. A real effort is be-
ing made, they added, to extend
democracy by education.)
From a Christian viewpoint,
Rev. Littell said, the case for the
Jews must be supported, since
Christianity and democracy can-
not exist under the feudal tyranny
of the Islamic world.
U.S. Courting
Europe's Fate
Kiss Blames 'Trade'
Of Faith for Science
"America is traveling the same
road that took Europe to tragedy,"
Prof. Ferenc Kiss, head of the
anatomy department at the Uni-
versity of Budapest, Hungary, de-
clared in a lecture yesterday.
Speaking on, "Can Science Save
America from the Tragedy of Eu-

r builders to develop much-needed
,,housing projecms of 100 houses or
more.
Builders say the solution is to
enlarge the city and annex avail-
able land from the surrounding
township, but this plan has met
with opposition from township
residents who are afraid that the
loss as taxable property will cause
their own taxes to rise.
Adding to the problem, the city
will not extend sewage facilities to
lots outside the city limits. This
means that a well must be sunk
and a septic tank installed in each
home.
One local contractor is of the
opinion that the city would fur-
nish these utilities if a large scale
project was undertaken, but to
date no such private post-war de-
velopment has been started.
Significantly, most builders
agree that the local building codes
are not impeding housing in Ann
Arbor. Recent revisions have been
made to cover the erection of all-
steel houses and prefabricated
units in the city.
* Another major headache-even
assuming that the land were avail-
able-would be the cost of erect-
The Ann Arbor City Council
unanimously approved annexa-
tion of a 62 acre area between
Arbor View Blvd. and Miller
Ave. to the city of Ann Arbor,
in a special council meeting
last night
The tract formerly was part
of Ann Arbor Township, whose
board had given its approval to
the proposal Tuesday.
ing homes. Those needing housing
the most, the low income groups,
have virtually been forced out of
building because of prohibitive
prices.
Last year, 169 dwellings, and of
these only three were two-family
houses, were built-as compared
to 110 in 1946. They averaged $10,-
000 each.
The average all-steel home costs
$10,000 and a prefabricated home
completed runs from $6,600 to $8,-
000-although this, cost may be
reduced if the owner does the in-
terior work himself.
At present the code will not al-
low a prospective customer to
erect the exterior of a prefabri-
cated house. This is to avoid
shoddy construction on the part of
an amateur unfamiliar with build-
ing techniques.
In East Ann Arbor, however, the
building code does allow the cus-
See BUILDERS, Page 6
Loyalty Checke
Defects Denied
Chicago Professor
Clears Security Plan
Infringement of civil liberties by
the loyalty checks of civil service
personnel in the United States is
unlikely, Prof. Leonard D. White
of the University of Chicago, said
last night.
Unlike the State Department,
Army and Navy departments and
the Atomic Energy Committee, the
civil service commission cannot
summarily discharge an employe
for disloyalty without demonstrat-
ed cause, he said, except for ex-
ceptional security reasons.
Prof. White, now professor of
public administration and na-
tional president of the American
Society for Public Administration.
addressed the local chapter of the
ASPA in the Rackham Building.
"The loyalty review board,

MEYERS AFTER FIRST SESSION OF TRIAL ... Retired Maj.
Gen. Bennet E. Meyers (center) leaves federal district court in
Washington after yesterday's session of his trial on accusations
of inducing a business associate to lie to a enate Committee about
his business affairs. He was denied a motion for a mistrial
when government prosecutors suggested that "protection" had
been arranged for a key witness.
MUSICAL VICTORY:
Dr. Muddy .Defeats Petrillo;
Will .broadcast This Summer

U' Bylaws
Baiu Campus
Political Talk
Party Leaders
Group for Action
Campus political leaders were
gratified-but with reservations-
yesterday, following the official
recognition of the Young Demo-
crats as a bona fide University or-
ganization.
The apparent green light for
partisan political activity was sty-
mied, local party heads agreed, by
a University by-law that bars
speeches in support of "any politi-
cal party or faction."
Tom Walsh, head of the Young
Democratic steering committee
and Max Dean, chairman of the
Wallace Progressives, said that
the two partisan groups are anx-
iously awaiting the report of a
special four-man body studying
the question of political speeches.
The four men are part of the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee, and will
report their findings to the larger
group next Tuesday.
Jubilation over the opening of
the campus to partisan politics
after more than a decade's ab-
sence, will be postponed till the
rule on speeches is relaxed, Walsh
and Dean agreed.
'Gratifying Precedent'
But both leaders saw "a gratify-
ing precedent" in the Student Af-
fairs Committee's speedy approval
of the Young Democrats.
Walsh said that the Commit-
tee's action was a long deferred
recognition that the student is an
integral part of the community. As
such, he said, "the student must
have full opportunity to take part
in practical politics, the tool of
government action."
Dean, who soon will submit a bid
for recognition of the Wallace
Progressives, saw in the approval
of the Young Democrats, a similar
sanction for his own group. But,
he added, "University approval
would be an empty gesture if the
ban on speeches was saddled to it."
Meeting Problems
While the two groups were meet-
ing the problems of University ap-
proval, their campaign plans con-
tinued.
The Wallace Progressives will
join with the Washtenaw County,
Committee for Wallace, and Ann
Arbor's Wallace supporters in a
planning meeting today. They will
hear a report on the Lansing con-
vention which last Saturday
founded the Progressive Party of
Michigan.
Break into Precincts
The meeting, scheduled for 7:30
p.m. in Smith's Catering will break
Ann Arbor down into precincts.
Party workers will be assigned to
the precincts and will canvass
their areas for petition signatures
to place Wallace on the ballot in
November.
The Young Democrats plan a
meeting early next week, the first
since their official recognition.
They will map out a program to
bring campaign issues into the
open, sponsor debates and get out
the vote in November.

* * *

By The Associated Press
PRAGUE, Feb. 25 - Communists won control of Czechoslovakia
today.
Commumnst Pipmier Klement Gottwald beat down President Ed-
gard Benes' resistance after six days of crisis in this central European
nation of 13,000,000. He emerged with a new government of his party
members ani their friends.
Following Benes' capitulation, students massed at ancient Charles
University and marched to the president's palace. Police halted the
demonstration by swinging rifle stocks and driving a bus into the
crowd.
A student told newsmen he heard shots fired when three studer
carrying Czech flags broke"
through a police cordon into the
palace courtyard. The shooting Local Barber
was not confirmed officially and it
was not determined whether there M e TW i
were casualties. o et W ith
Fifty students were arrested.
Gottwald's coup was accom- SL Committee
plished by d~rect political action
backed by a show of arms.
Keep Appearances Student 'ressure'
The aging Benes managed to Succeeds at MSC
keep the appearances of represen-
t t4i tn'%rnminf fnr whi ch ha

Communists Seize Control
Within Czech Government

<=.

The first battle in the five-
year Maddy-Petrillo struggle has
ended successfully for Dr. Joseph
E. Maddy, National Music Camp
Director.
Camp musicians will broadcast
from Interlochen this summer, Dr.
Maddy asserted yesterday in a
radio interview. With the pas-
sage of the Lea Act, Petrillo has
been forced to retract his ban of
music broadcasting by school chil-
dren, he continued.
However, this is only the first
battle of the campaign. Dr. Mad-
dy pointed out. The fight for lift-
ing the "unfair" listing of the
To Distribute
OSU, Iowa
Ducats Today
Preferential tickets-5,000 of
them-will be given out today to
students on a first come first
serve basis for the Ohio State bas-
ketball game, Saturday night,
while the same number will be
available tomorrow for the Iowa
encounter, Moonday night.
The tickets, according to Wol-
verine Club chairman Chuck
Lewis, can be obtained at the Uni-
versity Hall booth from 8 a.m.
to 5 p.m. both days. As in the
past, one ducat per identifica-
tion card or cashier's receipt is
the allotment. Both the ticket and
the I-D must be shown at the
door.
Holders of these tickets will be
allowed into Yost Field House at
6:30 p.m. according to ticket man-
ager, Don Weir. He added, "It is
very important for those who
don't have tickets to line up out-
side of the four doors facing State
Street, instead of jamming traf-
fic going through the doors in-
side the fence. If there are any
seats available at 7:30, those in
line will be let in then."
U' Phone Service
May Be Expanded
The physical facility to accom-
modate new telephone lines for
campus dormitories, fraternity
and sorority houses, is included in
Michigan Bell's 1948 building pro-
gram, Nicholas J. Prakken, local
manager, said last night.

Crisis Ends After Six-Day Struggle;
Police Stop Student Demonstration

camp by the union and for his
own reinstatement in the union
will continue, he said. '
We are working now for the
right to appeal grievances against
unions to federal courts. When
I was "kicked-out" of the union
five years ago, I had no legal
recourse, he reminisced. The only
hearing was a "kangaroo trial" by
the union, the noted music direc-
tor stated.
Dr. Maddy expressed hope that
an appeal law would soon be
passed. He recently appeared be-
fore the House Labor Committee
to ask consideration of such a
measure.
Such a law would not be anti-
labor but anti-labor dictator, he
emphasized. The Lea Act and the
Taft-Hartley Law are labor eman-
cipation laws in Dr. Maddy's
opinion.
Engine School
'Clubs Debate
Union Question.
The possibility of an Engineer's
Union was the subject of a formal
debate between members of Sigma
Rho Tau and AIEE last night.
Quentin Vandervoort, one of the
student speakers, concluded that
if engineers chose to unionise,
"they will lose their chances to
move up into management posi-
tions." Vandervoort claimed that
unions have "developed into politi-
cal propaganda sources."
Russell Corbin, Sigma Rho Tau,
compared the field of engineering
to the medical profession: "We are
striving to raise the standards of
engineering to the professional
level it deserves."
"Would you say doctors should
organize?" he asked. "Why should
engineers?"
Corbin was answered by Robert
Silverman, AIEE, who counter-
claimed that the starting salary of
an engineer is lower than the
wages of an ordinary tradesman
who has the advantages of unioni-
zation. "Collective bargaining can
do as much for the engineer," Sil-
verman held.
Prof. W. C. Sadler, who judged
the debate, gave high praise to
both teams, but announced that
the affirmative team had won be-
cause they were "factual in their
discussions."

EDUARD BENES
... not entirely beaten
* * *
Benes Saves
Part of Czech
Government
LONDON, Feb. 25-(0)-Presi-
dent Eduard Benes has apparently
satisfied- himself that he has
reached the best settlement pos-
sible in an effort to save repre-
sentative government in Czecho-
slovakia.
This was seen in his announce-
ment tonight of the new Czech
cabinet.
Obviously the frail and grey
Benes gained his point that other
parties and interests of the na-
tion, as well as the Communists,
must have a voice in affairs.
Significance was attached in
some quarters to the fact that
early tonight the 64-year-old
president had not yet addressed
the nation.
As a skilled statesman he was
giving the world the opportunity
to examine the issues involved and
to give world opinion a chance
to exercise its influence.
Czechs and Slovaks almost in-
stinctively turn to Benes in crit-
ical moments.
Even today, when Communist
Premier Klement Gottwald tri-
umphantly announced his new
cabinet the shouts were "long live
Benes! Long live Gottwald!"
Angell Feels
UN May Live
Minus Russia

La ve governmen , or wnicn ne
battled hard, but it appeared a
hollow victory.
Jan Masaryk, son of the foun-
der of the republic, is still in the
government as foreign minister.
So is Bohumil Lausmann, Social
Democrat who led his party in its
short revolt against pro-Commu-
nist guidance.
Came Through
From a minority party, largest
in Czechoslovakia, the Commu-
nists came through with complete
command of every other phase of
the nation's life. They are now in
position to take Czechoslovakia on
a toboggan ride into the full Soviet
orbit.
They now have the Ministry of
Justice, as well as control of the
police. A sympathizer remains at
the head of the defense depart-
ment, the army.
Benes had insisted that the
government be composed of mem-
bers of other parties of the Na-
tional Front which reinstated the
Czechoslovak Republic in 1945
when the Germans were being
driven out. Gottwald had pro-
posed a government representing
Communists, and other organiza-
tions-veterans, labor, farmers,
youth and so on, all Communist
front groups.
In this Benes won an outward
victory. There still are representa-
tives in name of the Social Demo-
cratic, Czech National Socialist,
Catholic Peoples and Slovak Dem-
ocrat Parties in the government.
But all are friendly and coopera-
tive with Gottwald and many are
considered renegades by party
regulars.

The proprietor of a local bar-
bershop has agreed to meet with
the Student Legislature sub-com-
mittee on discrimination to dis-
cuss a possible settlement of dis-
criminatory practices in the bar-
bershops, Norris Domangue, com-
mittee chairman, announced yes-
terday.
No date has been set for the
meeting, but it will probably not
be held until after the Dascola
trial, Domangue said. The pro-
prietor contacted has expressed
willingness to cooperate with the
committee in its ten point pro-
gram-a modification and revis-
ion of "Operation Haicut," he
said, adding that the committer
will contact individually as many
Ann Arbor barbershop owners as
possible.
The program was passed last
semester by the Student.Lgis-
lature and includes consultation
with barbershop owners, and a
public hearing at which the views
of the barbers, civic leaders, fac-
ulty and students would be pre-
sented.
Meanwhile, two barbershops in
East Lansing changed policy and
serviced two Negro students at
Michigan State College, last week.
Previously the barbershops had
practiced discrimination, accord-
ing to an article in the Michigan
State News, but now served the
students "without commex4," evi-
dently as a result of student and
faculty pressure.
Co-Op Council
Votes to Buy
More Housing
Launching their first drive to-
ward large-scale postwar expan-
sion, the Inter Co-op Council last
night put in motion machinery
for the purchase of additional liv-
ing quarters.
Meeting in a special session, ICC
directors also approved a loan
aimed at financing the purchase
of the new house.
Proceeds from the first-run mo-
tion picture "Torment," to be
sponsored by the ICC March 5
and 6, were allocated to the fund
drive.
At theupresent time, the ICC
owns four houses and rents a.
fifth house. But crowded condi-
tions in the houses and increas-
ing demands for low-cost housing
make expansion on a large scale
necessary.
Although 13 co-op houses were
operated before the war, increas-
ing. costs and difficulty in rent-
ing houses near campus forced a
retreat during the war. With a
present membership of 170, the
ICC has a 'waiting list estimated
at more than 100 students.
A committee to investigate
available houses in Ann Arbor will
be set up, returning available in-
formation for a vote of the mem-
bership as a whole.
Senate Passes
Rent Lid Bill
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25-MP)--

Dr. Robert Angell of the
ciology department expressed

so-
last

t
J

Take Down
Those Signs
The heavy hand of the Univer-
sity thwacked down on 'Ensian
shoulders yesterday in the form of
an ultimatum from Dean Erich
A. Walter's office ordering the re-
moval post haste of all 'Ensian
signs from campus.
Late Tuesday night an 'Ensian
gallant was busily tacking up 'En-
sian posters near the Engine Arch
when two police officers inter-
rupted his wily efforts.
It seems that it is against the
city ordinances to decorate its
buildings, trees, and telephone'
poles with such matter. However,
the damage, if you will, has been
done.

night what he termed a rather
"forlorn hope" that Russia will
stay in the United Nations.
Addressing the campus chapter
of United World Federalists, Dr.
Angell said that as affairs stand
now, Russia probably won't co-
operate with a world government
for some time.
In this situation, Dr. Angell said
that he felt we should not aban-
don the United Nations, but hope
to attract others to world gov-
ernment by our behavior.
Russia is in a very delicate sit-
uation, he continued, since she
cannot be a technological success
without the exchange of ideas
with other nations. Yet, he said,
every individual who leaves Rus-
sia is a potential danger to her.
Although the United States has
not been markedly imperialistic
and has been fairly humanitarian
in her treatment of other nations,
Dr. Angell felt that many foreign
peoples resent the condescending
attitude with which Americans
sometimes treat them.

World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25-A fed-
eral anti-lynching law was ap-
proved by a House Judiciary Sub-
committee today in the face of a
growing Southern Democratic re-
volt against this and other civil
rights proposals of President Tru-
man.
* * *
PEIPING, Thursday, Feb. 26
- Chinese Communist forces
captured several towns in the
Mukden area today and the sit-
uation became extremely criti-
cal for government troops trying
to defend the encircled city.
LAKE SUCCESS, Feb. 25-The
united States formally asked to-
day that the Big Five Powers try
to solve the Palestine problem.
The U. S. at the same time re-
Jected Colombia's surprise sugges-
ion for a special United Nations
,ssembly to reconsider the deci-
,.on to partition Palestine.
LONDON, Feb. 25 - Foreign,
Secretary Ernest Bevin said to-
day Britain would insist on her
claims to disputed islands south
of Cape Horn despite Argentine
and Chilean fleet expeditions to
set up bases there.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25-Comp-
troller General Lindsay Warren

AMERICA'S 'FIFTH FREEDOM':
Patterson SaysImaginationNeeded in World Affairs

By DON McNEIL

"Our Russian relations areI

tient with its slowness in thej

to the attacks against us by Rus-

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