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January 13, 1948 - Image 1

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TWO VIEW;
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NOW, COLDER
HIGH WINDS

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No, 82 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1948

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Truman Asks
High Budget
Of Congress
Republicans Call
Sum Extravagant
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-Presi-
dent Truman sent to Congress to-
day a $39,699,000,000 budget, a
record-smasher for peacetime, and
Republican lawmakers reacted
swiftly with cries of "extrava-
gance."
In asking this sum to run the
government for the fiscal year be-
ginning July 1, Mr. Truman said
it is needed to (1) head off "to-
talitarian rule" in Western Eu-
rope, (2) maintain "a modern and
balanced armed force" for Amer-
ica's security and (3) strengthen
"the foundations of our democ-
racy and the happiness of our peo-
ple."
He also forecast record-breaking
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-P)
-Rep. Engel (Rep., Mich.),
chairman of the House Appro-
priations Subcommittee han-
dling funds for waterway Proj-
ects, today listed three Michi-
gan items amorng projects ins
eluded in the Army Engineers'
$547,060,000 estimate for flood
control and harbor construc-
tion work.
They are:
Keeweenaw Waterway, Mich.,
$75,000; Manistee Harbor, $255,-
500; and St. Mary's Rivier,
Mich., $3,000,000.
surpluses if Congress does not cut
the Nation's overall tax bill.
Senator Taft (Rep., Ohio )
called the President's spending
recommendations "too higl" Sen-
ator Ferguson (Rep., Mich.) ac-
cused Mr. Truman of "bad faith."
Democrats largely went along with
the President, calling the esti-
mate reasonable at a time when,
as Senator Connally (Dem., Tex.)
put it, "the world is in a state of
chaos."
The total is about $2,000,000,000
larger than what Mr. Truman
asked a year ago for the fiscal
year ending this June 30. The
biggest items: $11,000,000,000 for
national defense, $7,000,000,000
for international programs, in-
cluding European recovery aid.
"The plain fact is that our
budget must remain high," Mr.
Truman wrote in his message to
Congress, "until we have met our
international responsibilities and
can see the way clear to a peace-
ful and prosperious world."
Prudence demands it, he said.
Turning to the expected sur-
pluses, he declared the Treasury
should be in the black by $7,500,-
000,000 on June 30 this year and
by an additional $4,800,000,000 on
' June 30, 1949. The $7,500,000,-
000 figire would be the largest
surplus for any year in history.
Armed Force
Expenses Set
By President
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-(A)-
An $11,000,000,000 fund to main-
tain armed forces of 1,423,000 men
next fiscal year and to help re-
vamp the nation's defenses for the

atomic era was urged by President,
Truman today, with a warning
that if Europe goes Red the costs
will soar.
The proposed outlay is the big-
gest single item in budget recom-
mendations Mr. Truman made to
Congress for the year beginning
next July 1. It constitutes 28 per
cent of the total, and is $279,000,-
000 above the estimated defense
spending for the present year.
The manpower strength of 1,-
423,000 recommended for the
Army, Navy and Air Force is
about the same as at present.
In his message of transmittal,
Mr. Truman said that his budget
"affords essential support to the
foreign policy of the United States
by encouraging widespread inter-
national economic cooperation
while maintaining our armed
strength." And he added:
"The budgetary implications of
failure to achieve recovery in Eu-

INSIDE RUSSIA TODAY:
Bryan To Show Movies
Of His Travels in USSR
An illustrated lecture by traveling camerman Julien Bryan at 8
p.m. today at Hill Auditorium will take the audience "Inside Russia
Today."
Appearing as Oratorical Association's fifth speaker of the season,
Bryan will prevent a full-length, natural color motion picture which
he made in Russia during the most recent of his extensive world
travels.
Bryan has appeared in Ann Arbor several times previous to to-
night's engagement, speaking three successive nights in 1941 to
capacity houses-a record held by no other speaker. Other audiences1
* * * have seen his "documentary films
of history in the making" from

JULIEN BRYAN
... to speak here

Senator Defies
Marshall Plane
Budget Limits
Cost Called Beyond
Exact Determination
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-()-
Chairman Vandenberg (R.-Mich.)
hinted strongly today that the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee will not be bound by the $6,-
800,000,000 figure submitted by
the Truman administration as the
initial cost of the "Marshall
Plan."
Noting that there are many dif-
ferences in estimates prepared by
the State Department and those
made by the Harriman Committee
which investigated this country's
ability to supply Europe's needs.
Vandenberg said:
"Does not the whole compari-
son clearly indicate that there is
nothing sacrosanct about the fig-
ure of $6,800,000,000?"
Made Changes
He added that the final figure
might be more or might be less
and said that the committee would
not "ipso facto" ruin the program
if it made some changes.
Vandenberg made his comments
during testimony by Richard M.
Bissell, Jr., executive secretary of
the Harriman Committee.
The administration, meanwhile,
pressed on three fronts its drive
for early adoption of the prob-
lem, contending that multi-billion
dollar aid now would be cheaper
in the long run than "hall-way"
measures.
Express Willingness
Chief backers of the European
recovery program expressed will-
ingness to meet Republican de-
mands for "businesslike" opera-
tion of the program but stood
firm on their insistence that the
State Department have over-all
supervision.
Marshall assured the committee
he had an "open mind" on the
details of administration.
justice Get d Col
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 12-(A)-
There was no justice in Quarter
Sessions Court today. As a matter
of fact, there wasn't even a judge.'
When the heating system failed,
Judge Thomas Bluett shivered,'
turned up his coat collar, indefi-
nitely postponed six criminal
cases, then went out into the cor-
ridor to get warm.

Turkey, Poland, Brazil, Argentina
and Mexico.
The camera and its possibilities
always fascinated Bryan, but un-
like most cameramen seeking
"spot" news, he has specialized in
film studies of many parts of the
globe. As a background for the
film he will present tonight, he
familiarized himself with the
problems of Russia and set as his
goal an up-to-date photographic
documentation of the nation and
its peoples.
Because of his long standing fa-
miliarity with the Soviet scene, he
has been able to make striking
comparisons with the Russia of
five, ten and fifteen years ago. To-
night's motion picture is believed
to be the first complete full-color
feature ever made by a foreigner
in the Soviet Union.
During his trip, he paid his own
expense as an unofficial observer
for UNRRA, and for three months
he made pictures in weather
which was often twenty degrees
below zero. He moved freely
through all the devastated areas
of White Russia and the Ukraine,
coming home with a completely
uncensored film.n
Among the many interesting
subjects covered are factories,
housing developments, harbors,
schools, and collective farm life.
Tickets for the lecture will be
available at the Hill Auditorium
box office until lecture time to-
day.
-
VilkigeCounci
VBars Housinga
r
Management
Representatives of the Willow
Village Housing management will
be admitted to meeting of the
Willow Village Resident Council
by invitation only, according to a
motion passed by the Council at
its meeting Sunday night. 1
Thomas Scanlon, leasee of the
garage next to the fire station in
the Village, appeared before the
Council in an effort to get a more
equitable rent standard both for
himself and for others in the Vil-
lage. Scanlon stated that the pres-
ent rent standard was unequal
and unfair and that there was
a marked difference in the rent he
paid and that paid by other gas
stations in the Village. The Coun-
cil voted to investigate the matter
and a committee was appointed.
A committee was appointed to
see the Sheriff about the enforce-
ment of patrols in the Village. At
the same time the Council ex-
pressed a desire for enforcement
of the 10 p.m. curfew for all un-
derage children in the Village.
The Council also voted to ask
the Housing Authority manage-
ment to clarify its' policy concern-
ing payment and assessment of
damages in the case of fire in any
of the dwellings.
It was announced at the meet-
ing that within a few months a
cooperative store will be set up by
some of the union locals and sev-
eral other organizations. There
will be a $2 fee charged for mem-
bers of the organizations taking
part in the establishment of the
store and a $5 fee for all out-
siders. This will be the only fee
charged.
A check of phone booths in the
Village will be made by the Coun-
cil in an effort to find out if more
are needed for more equal dis-
tribution.

Jews Push
UN Decision
In Holy Land
New Killings Put
Death Toll at 699
By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Jan. 12-Against
a background of virtual civil war
the Jews of the Holy Land went
forward today with their plans for
a provisional government for the
separate Jewish state to be estab-
lished in accordance with the de-
cision of the United Nations.
There was no surcease from the
crackle of gunfire which has
sounded day and night since the
Nov. 29 decision of the United
Nations, and new killings today
boosted the unofficial death count'
to 699 in Palestine for that pe-
riod.
Three Arabs Dead
Three Arabs were killed and
seven British soldiers were wound-
ed in a gun battle that developed_
in Beit Safafa, a Jerusalem sub-
urb, an official announcement
said. The Arabs were directing
sniper fire at an army fire brigade
fighting a blaze in a flour mill,
and the battle resulted when the1
troops tried to clear out the house
where the snipers were situated.f
Three Jews were killed in Haifa
and on the Haifa-Tel Aviv road
and two Arabs were slain in scat-
tered rural raids.
Refuse Planning
The Arabs refused to even dis-
cuss plans for the part of Pales-
tine allotted to them by the Unit-c
ed Nations. The Arab higher com-
mittee declared it would neither
recognize partition nor permit it
to be accomplished.
Details of the planning for the
provisional Jewish governmentt
were disclosed by a spokesman for(
the Jewish agency, who told aI
news conference that the blood-1
shed of the past six weeks has notc
retarded progress in any way.
He said the formation of 15
ministries of the provisional gov-
ernment, which will have an an-t
nual budget of approximately
$50,000,000, would be completed by
the end of this month.
The spokesman said that secur-~
ity provisions, including formation
of a militia, was being excluded
from the planning since "that is a
matter for Hagana at present and
will be integrated when the time
comes.".
Haganga is the Jewish militia.
Court Acts onI
Discrimination
Oklahoma Must Open
Law School to NegroF
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-(P)-F
The Supreme Court held today4
that Negroes are entitled nottonly
to receive in State institutions any
sort of educational training that
Whites can get in such schools,
but also to get it as quickly as anyI
other group.
Strict application of the order
would give the state of Oklahoma
just three days to admit a Negro
girl, Ada Lois Sipuel, to the Law
School at the all White Univer-i
sity of Oklahoma, or set up sep-
arate and equal facilities for her.
A new semester inbwhich white
students can enter begins Janu-

ary 15. There is no: Oklahoma
State law school for Negroes now.
The applicant already has been
waiting two years while the case
was in -litigation.
Speed was the main point in to-
day's ruling. Negroes' right to
equal facilities, and to have them
in institutions of their own states,1
had been affirmed by the high
court in a Missouri case 10 years
ago.
Counsel for Miss Sipuel con-
tended in the appeal that the Mis-
souri ruling should be made
stronger on the issue of time, and
the high court complied.

U' Orchestra
And Choir Will
Give Concert
Program To Feature
Hlostetler as Soloist
The University Symphony Or-
chestra, conducted by Wayne
Dunlap, and the 130 voice Univer-
sity Choir will collaborate on a
concert to be presented at 7 p.m.
Saturday in Hill Auditorium.
The program will be a feature of
the Third Annual Midwestern
Conference on School Vocal and
Instrumental Music being held
here Friday, Saturday and Sun-
day.
The final number of the evening
will mark the premiere presenta-
tion of Cecil Effinger's "Suite for
Orchestra," Op. 45, written espe-
cially for the University Sym-
phony. This movement is built
around a blues tune from the rep-
ertoire of Roscoe McLean, a
southern penitentiary inmate.
The concert fare will open with
"Overture to Oberon," the last
opera by von Weber, finished in
1826. Suffering from tuberculosis
at the time, von Weber drove him-
self to write it and died soon after
its successful premiere.
"Trumpet Concerto in E-flat,"
Haydn's only trumpet concerto,
with Wilfred Roberts giving the
solo performance and Strauss's
"Till Eulenspiegel," Op. 28, follow
the von Weber number.
After intermission, the orches-
tra and the choir, conducted by
Raymond Kendall will join in
rendering "Schicksalslied," Op.
54, by Brahms and "Two Canons
at Four" by Billings.
The choir with Donald Hostetler
as soloist will sing "Design for Oc-
tober" by Fine.
The program is open to the pub-
lic.
Russians Hold
U.S. Educator
Indiana's President
Is Detained inM Berlin
BERLIN, Jan. 12-(/P)-Soviet
occupation authorities arrested
Dr. Herman B. Wells, president of
Indiana University, just inside the
Russian sector of Berlin and held
him for three hours before releas-
ing him, U.S. Army police said
today.
Wells, on leave of absence from
his Indiana University post, now is
serving as chief of the U.S. mili-
tary government's education
branch.
Wells gave this account of the
incident:
He and other members of the
party had parked their car before
an art gallery in Potsdamer Platz.
When one of the party left the
car to inquire about the gallery,
Russian soldiers arrested the en-
tire group.
The 45-year-old Indiana educa-
tor and his companions were herd-
ed into the rear of the art gallery
for preliminary questioning and
later were taken to the Russian
Kommandatur. Wells was refused

BRAZILIAN COMMUNIST DEPUTIES DENOUNCE VOTE-Communist deputies wave their hands
in Brazil's Chamber of Deputies at Rio de Janeiro, denouncing a measure passed by tiechamber
and signed by President Eurico Dutra removing all Communists from elective posts throughout the
nation, including congressmen. The measure was adopted, 181 to 74, at conclusion of the most tur-
bulent legislative session ever held in Brazil.

Good Chance for Increase
In Allowance Seen by AVC
(Special to The Daily)
WASHINGTON-Prospects of Congressional action to increase
subsistence allowances for student-vets early this session appear
bright, Chat Paterson, national chairman of the American Veterans
Committee, said today.
Paterson said that he had been told by House Speaker Martin

that House action on the Senate a
* * *
House Gives
Vet Snowballs
Cold Shoulder
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-(P)-
Some Michigan congressmen had
icicle-like comment today for the
snowballs with which student vet-
erans in the State bombarded
them as part of "Operation Sub-
sistence."
The white plastic balls, some-
what larger than ping pong balls,
began pouring through the mails
to the Michigan congressional
delegation to dramatize the vet-
erans' demands for increased sub-
sistence allowances.
A delegation of 17 student vet-
erans from Michigan colleges ap-
peared on Capitol Hill to press.
the campaign wtih personal calls
on Michigan congressmen. Rep.
Woodruff (Rep., Mich.) arranged
for them to meet with all the
House members from the State to-
morrow morning.
Rep. Dondero (Rep., Mich.) said
he told the ex-GI's that they were
"making a mistake and hurting
their cause more than they were
helping it."
Rep. Michener (Rep., Mich),
whose district includes the Uni-
versity of Michigan, told a report-
er, "I do not think this type of
campaign will have anyeappreci-
able effect on how a member of
Congress votes on this very impor-
tant question."
He said he does not know where
the snowball idea originated but
he termed it "a nuisance so far as
postal employes are concerned."
He did say, though, that he has re-
ceived "a sufficient number for a
nice office bouquet."
In contrast with some of the Re-
publicans, Rep. Dingell (Dem.,
Mich.) said he believes the stu-
dent subsistence allowances ought
to be "liberalized" because of high
prices. He added he does not think
the- amount asked by the group isI
excessive.

approved bill increasing allowances
"$10 for single veterans and $15
for married veterans could be ex-
pected near the beginning of the
present session.
The AVC chairman said that his
organization would press for
amendment of the legislation on
the floor to provide for increases
of $35 for both single and married
veterans.
A delegation representing Op-
eration Subsistence Michigan, in-
cluding chairman George Anton-
ofsky and Bettie Baker, University
students, are currently in Wash-
ington to loin a national lobby
for increased subsistence.
They will call on Speaker Mar-
tin, House Floor Leader Charles
Halleck, and House Veterans Af-
fairs Committee chairman Edith
Nourse Rogers to explain the
plight of the student veterans.
"If Congress is to keep faith
with the promises made in passing
the GI Bill, iminedi4te increases
must be approved by Congress,"
Paterson said.
Paterson predicted too that the
House would act affirmatively on
veterans' bills boosting upward
ceilings on combined wages and
allowances of ex-GI on-the-job
trainees and student veterans.
I U' High Math
Teacher Dies
Miss Selma A. Lindell, math
teacher in University High School
since the school was first opened
in 1925, died Saturday at Univer-
sity Hospital after an illness of
five months.
Miss Lindell, who had done spe-
cial work in remedial reading and
mathematics, resided at 520 E.
Jefferson. Due to her illness, she
had been on leave of absence from
the faculty for the past semester.
Before taking a position here,
Miss Lindell was graduated from
the University and received her
master's degree at Columbia Uni-
versity. She has also taught in
Painesville and Flint, and in San-
tiago, Calif.

Northwestern
Cagers Down
'M Hoypmen
Suprunowicz
Is Top Scorer
(Special to The Daily)
EVANSTON, Jan. 12-The Wol-
verines might have done it tonight
They might have 'ut the strain of
a furious final four minutes with-
out the services of Pete Elliott,
Bill Robert and Don McIntosh was
too much of a handicap and
Michigan's short-lived stay in the
ranks of the.Big Nine's undefeated
ended as Northwestern won 51-48.
Coach Ossie Cowles used his
manpower wisely but with his
three regulars gone from the line-
up in the late minutes the Wolver-
ines were unable to stop a deter-
mined Northwestern of fens.Two
of the three out on fouls-Elliott
and McIntosh - were the bright
features in Michigan's defeat. El-
liott did a brilliant job of guard-
ing Bill Sticklen, one of the trick-
iest forwards in the Conference,
and McIntosh was hitting with a
pivot shot that had the crowd of
2,700 gaping. As it was, Dion
wound up with 12 points, justbe-.
hind Mack Suprunowicz in the
scoring. Suprunowicz had 14
points.
With McIntosh leading the way
the Wolverines jumped off fast to
a 6-0 lead. It was three minutes
before Northwestern scored, seven
before they got a field goal, and
11 before George Maddock's pivot
shot sent the Cats ahead 13-12.
Maddock, who bothered Michigan
a bit in football from his right
See MICHIGAN, Page 3
Bowl Movies
Reap 20,000
Cans of Food
Over 20,000 cans of food, and
other staple articles were donated
by student, faculty, and towns-
people for the privilege of seeing
the seven showings of Rose Bowl
films held Sunday and Monday in
Hill Auditorium.
Leo Kelly, chairman of the Ann
Arbor Junior Chamber of Com-
merce, directed the collection of
the foodstuffs by the JCC after
the canned goods had been re-
ceived at Hill Auditorium by mem-
bers of the undergraduate 'M'
Club of the University.
Food collected as admission to
these films will be added to Ann
Arbor's contribution to the Mo-
tor Friendship Food Caravan. The
entire shipment will then be sent
to underfe European countries,
principally France.
Commentating on the films
were Robert . Morgan Assistant
General Secretary of the Alumni
Association, Bob Chappuis, Jack
Weisenberger and other members
of the football squad. Personal im-
pressions of the playing were in-
terspersed in the commentary on
the films, whose presentation was
sponsored by the 'M' Club and
Alumni Association.
ISA Will Hold
Farewell Fete
Reception Will Honor
Foreign Graduates

Graduating foreign students will
have their day when the Interna-
tional Center and the Interna-
tional Students Association honor
them with a farewell party at 8
p.m. tomorrow at the Union.
The reception, whose central
theme is the continuing relation
of the students with the Univer-
sity through the Alumni Associa-
tion, will feature talks by Provost
James P. Adams and T. Hawley
Tapping, general secretary of the
Alumni Association, who will ex-
plain its purposes and functions.
Following the program, refresh-
ments will be served, with foreign
women students acting as host-
esses.
Thirty Leave
Ohio Colege
CLEVELAND. Jan. 12 - P) --

World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12-Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower passed up
an opportunity today.to crack down on a New Hampshire "draft Eis-
enhower" movement-and some political analysts immediately inter-
preted this to mean he is virtually a candidate for the Republican
Presidential nomination.
* * * *
LAKE SUCCESS, Jan. 12-The Jewish Agency for Palestine
called on Britain today to provide a beachhead area as soon as
possible to permit large-scale immigration of Jews into the Holy
Land. The all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv adjoining Arab Jaffa is
being considered for this immigration port.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12 - Secretary of 'Agriculture Anderson
asked Congress today for power to clamp wholesale price ceilings on

DRINK YOUR COFFEE:
No Nods No Good, Local Druggists Agree

By FRAN IVICK
Students are off the beam in
their semi-annual rush on nonods,

the phenomenon of useless nonod
consumption so well doped out.
Several exoressed susnicion that

Seevers, Associate Dean of the
Medical School, believed that
there was no harmful drug, such,

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