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December 16, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-12-16

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FITS 9 ..






Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVIII, No. 72
















Brea ks


** *

Conference Ends in
Bitter Disagreement
U.S., Britain, France Blame Russia;
Molotov Charges 'Common Front'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 15--The Big Four Foreign Ministers ended their
conference tonight after failing completely to agree on Germany's
future and left Europe partitioned between the East and West from
the Adriatic to the Baltic.
The United States, Britain and France blamed the Soviet Union
for the breakdown-the second by the Foreign Ministers on the same
subject. Russia countered with the charge that the Western powers
had formed a "common front" and attempted "to heap everything on
' ,.A# -1-,, t,,., A 4f 1.,, c,.,4.4. ~v., - "+

Vets Hospital
May Be Built
Ann Arbor
Nine-Story, 500-Bed
Building Proposed
Ann Arbor may be the site of a
500-bed Veteran's Administration
hospital, Mayor William E. Brown,
Jr., announced last night at a
meeting of the Common Council.
The proposed nine-story build-
ing, one of the two giant medical
centers currently planned for the
state, would be located on Geddes
Ave. near the Municipal golf
course, he said.
"It will probably bring more
people into Anil Arbor than any
other single project," he declared.
Negotiations with the VA on
water supply and other problems
will be conducted by Mayor Brown
as a one-man committee, with the
advice and assistance of heads of
city departments when necessary,
the Council voted.
The city cannot supply the pro-
posed site with water at the pres-
ent time because of a recently-
passed local ordinance prohibiting
use of city water mains by build-
ings outside city limits, it was
pointed out. Either the ordinance
or VA plans for the site must be
changed, the Mayor said.
The housing problem will also
be a factor, he said. "Once we get
all these people in the city, we
have to plan where to put them."
The hospital would increase An
Arbor's population by at least
1,500 persons, Mayor Brown esti-
{Technic Goes
On Sale Today
'No Huckster Tactics
To Be Used'-Editor
The Michigan Technic, designed
to interest the lit students as well
as the engineers, will go on sale
today in the .Engineering-Arch
and East-Engineering lobby.
The Technic, according to Edi-
tor Phil Stemmer, will not resort
to the huckster tactics that were
prevalent in the Arch yesterday.
"With the articles we are print-
ing this month we don't have to
resort to such methods to boost
sales," Stemmer stated. "We feel
that the students will buy our
magazine without all of that high
pressure salesmanship."
"An example of what I mean,"
Stemmer continued, "is 'Over the
Bounding Main,' an article by Ad-
dison Kermath '50E which gives
a complete account of the NROTC
summer cruise to Colon, Puerto
SL Will Hold
Meeting, Party
The Student Legislature will

>the head of the Soviet Union.

The most acrimonious session
of the Council of Foreign Min-
isters since the end of the war
adjourned after 17 fruitless ses-
sions without even completing
an agenda, conference briefing
officers said. Neither'a time nor
a place was set for another
U.S. Secretary of State George
C. Marshall made the proposal to
adjourn. British Foreign Secretary
Ernest Bevin was quoted as ex-
pressing uncertainty about any
future efforts of the Big Four to
make a German settlement.
The breakup probably signals
the beginning of a period of more
intense rivalry between Russia and
the Western powers, Western ob-
servers said, indciating that the
United States, Britain and France
can be expected now to move as
soon as possible to unify Western
The political and economic
merger of the French occupa-
tion zone with the economically-
united British and American
zones was regarded now by west-
ern observers as almost a cer-
Marshall's Republican adviser,
John Foster Dulles, said in an in-
terview after the conference:
"Agreement can be reached on
a combination of the three (west-
ern) zones. French differences are
not arbitrary but a matter for
discussion and settlement."
Ta Barraca'
Opens Today
Ihanez Masterpiece
To Run Two Days
"La Barraca," a Spanish film
based on a book by Vincente Blas-
co-Ibanez, will be presented at 8
p.m., today and tomorrow at Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre, under
the auspices of La Sociedad His-
.Considered one of the greatest
works from Ibanez's pen, "La Bar-
raca" is read by Spanish students
in the University romance lan-
guage Spanish 32 course, Starring
in the Spanish film are Domingo
Soler and Anita Blanch.
Ticket sales will begin at 2 p.m.
today and tomorrow, at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Box Office. Members
of La Sociedad will be admitted
to the movie free upon presenta-
tion of their membership cards.

MEN OF, DISTINCTION-Secretary of State George Marshall and Soviet Foreign Minister V. M.
Molotov drink a toast before leaving London follo wing the Foreign Minister's Conference which
ended in deadlock yesterday. Secretary Marshall w ill return to the United States by plane Friday, the

State Department announced.

Report Asks
Expanded Aid
For Education
Calls for Removal
Of Discrimination
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15-(P)-
Removal of all religious and racial
barriers to learning, together with
"greatly" expanded Federal aid
for education, were demanded to-
day by a White House commis-
President Truman's 28-member
commission on higher education,
in its first report, set a goal of
4,600,000 students in college by
1960, nearly double today's total
of 2,340,000.
It denounced the segregation of
Negroes from Whites in the dual
school systems of 17 states and
the District of Columbia as well as
the "quota system" by which, it
said, many colleges deny admis-
sion to "certain minorities, par-
ticularly to Negroes and Jews."
The commission, headed by
George F. Zook, president of the
American Counci of Education,
recommended also:
Free public education through
the first two years of college-the
"traditional freshman and sopho-
more years"-and a reversal of
the trend toward higher tuition
fees in the last two years.
Financial help to competent
students who otherwise could not
complete the first 14 years of
schooling, and aid todeserving
students through a federal pro-
gram of scholarships and fellow-
Creation of hundreds of new
"community colleges," like the fa-
miliar junior colleges in many
"Sweeping changes" in Col-
lege curriculums to provide "a
unified general education for
American youth" now, said the
Zook Report, unity is "splintered
by over-specialization."

Campus Show Tomorrow
Will Benefit Fresh Air Camp

A wide variety of campus tal-
ent will be featured in the annual
Christmas Revue to be presented
at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
torium under the joint sponsor-
ship of the Union and League.
Although the all-campus event
will be admission free and all ex-
penses will be assumed by the two
organizations, members of the
Deadline Nears
For Snow Trip
Reservations for the annual
Michigan Union Snow Trip
to Grayling Michigan during the
week-end of Jan. 9 to 11 should be
made immediately, Robert J. 01-
shefsky, Union campus affairs
chairman, urged yesterday.
Only fifty students can be ac-
commodated for the Snow Trip,
he pointed out. Students who wish
to make the trip may sign up at
the Union student office or call
Bob Seeber at 2-1147.
Under present plans, University
busses will leave Ann Arbor at 5
p.m., Friday, Jan. 9 and transport
students to Grayling where there
are facilities for ice skating, to-
bogganing and skiing.
World News
At a Glance
President William Green today
appealed to John L. Lewis' United
Mine Workers to "reconsider"
their break with the American
Federation of Labor.
e* *
HONG KONG, Dec. 15 -
China sea pirates swarmed over
the Dutch passenger ship Van
Heutz, kidnaped six passengers
and escaped today in comman-
deered junks. A ship's officer
valued the pirates' loot at a
half-million U. S. dollars.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15- The
Administration submitted to Con-
gress today suggested price con-
trol legislation based on permit-
ting regular government depart-
ments to put "ceilings" on selected
* * *
MOSCOW., Dec. 15 - The
200,000,000 citizens of the Soviet

Union and League staffs will man
buckets at auditorium entrances to
accept donations for the Univer-
sity Fresh Air Camp.
All contributions will go to thei
Student Recreational Center of
the camp for the revamping of
facilities in preparation for possi-
ble use by students during winter
weekends. i
With Santa Claus, impersonated
by Phil McLean, on hand to dis-
tribute gifts to persons chosen at
random from the audience, the
holiday spirit will be highlighted
in the variety program.
Joe "Man on Stilts" Dean, a for-
mer circus performer will act as
master of ceremonies to introduce
a galaxy of talent drawn from the
campus at large.
Foreign Christmas songs will
be sung by the Woman's Glee
Club, directed by Miss Marguerite
V. Hood and accompanied by Miss
Katherine Mills, while the Univer-
sity Glee Club will present other
Yuletide carols.
Snow Causes
Bad Accidents
Auto Traffic Slowed
By SlipperyRoads
Wet, blinding snow and slippery
roads slowed traffic andrcaused
seven accidents late yesterday as
motorists struggled through Ann
Arbor's worst driving weather
since last winter.
Beginning at 4:30 p.m., police
and sheriff's deputies were de-
luged with accident reports.
Only two were major accidents,
however-although several minor
injuries were reported.
Harold Sager was the only stu-
dent involved in an accident. His
car was towed away from Wash-
tenaw and Platt Rd. after a head-
on collision with another vehicle
at 9:30 p.m. Both cars were
"pretty well smashed up," but the
occupants "were lucky to get off
without serious injury," a sher-
iff's deputy said.
Earlier, a three-car accident at
Broadway and Jones St. was re-
sponsible for four injuries, none
of them critical.

Bill Defeated
Falls 58 Votes
Short in House
By The Associated Press
publican drive to jam through a
"voluntary agreements" system
of fighting inflation fell 58 votes
short of its mark in the House
today and prospects were that any
cost of living program must wait
over until January.
Rep. Halleck of Indiana, the
Republican floor leader, said after
his party's defeat that it would
be "impossible"now to get any
anti-inflation program before the
end of the special session, sched-
uled for Friday.
Republican Majority
Actually, the Republicans rolled
up a majority for their program
-202 to 188. But a two-thirds
majority was needed under the
procedure followed, which barred
all amendments from the floor to
the measure, proposed by Rep.
Wolcott (R.-Mich.).
Democrats, who seethed over
the no-amendment rule and a 40-
minute limitation on debate, stood
solid and not one of them voted
for the bill. Twenty-six Repub-
licans came over to side with them
in opposition.
No Amendments
The no-amendment rule barred
the Democrats from getting a vote
on any of President Truman's
Anti-Inflation proposals, such as
the authority he asked to impose
price, wage and rationing con-
trols on selected areas of the econ-
Aid Bill Goes
To President
For Approval
Congress approved a $597,000,000
Christmas present for France,
Austria, Italy and China today
and sent it to President Truman
for wrapping.
The compromise Emergency Re-
lief Bill, designed to help the for-
eign countries through the winter
and resist Communism, was
passed in the Senate by a voice
vote and adopted by the House
two hours later by a roll call vote
of 313 to 82.
Mr. Truman was expected to
sign the measure, officially known
as the Foreign Relief Act of 1947,
tonight or tomorrow. His signa-
ture will permit the first $150,000,-
000 authorized by the Act to begin
flowing immediately.
Final congressional action came
exactly four weeks after the be-
ginning of a special session called
by the President to enact the
stopgap relief legislation.
Class Officers
To Be Elected
Class officers for the senior
class in the education school will
be elected today from a field of 21
Ballots may be cast at the edu-
cation school offices from 8:45

until noon and from 1:30 to 4:301
Presidential candidates are:
Gerry Fahrenkopf, Anita Sobel,
Janet Osgood, Clarence Smigiel,
Leonard Ford and Lewis Horton.
Candidates for vice-president are:
Betty Gibbs, Camille Ayo, Jack
Weisenburger and Naida Cher-

Group Surround s
Site of Press Talk
Communist Forced To Abandon
Originally Planned Meeting Place
A mob of more than 2,500 students, half of them armed with snow-
balls, turned out last night to welcome Gerhart Eisler to Ann Arbor.
Chanting "We want Eisler" and "Where's Gerhart," while forming
in front of the General Library, part of the crowd marched toward
Felch Park, where Eisler was to speak at 8:15 p.m. under MYDA spon-
Others, also armed with snowballs and sticks, and crying "On to
Moscow" converged on the park from all directions. Most fraternities

and men's dormitories had beenc
during the afternoon, advisi
them to "come to the speech."
But it wasn't until two hour
after his scheduled appearance
when a dwindled crowd of some
150 had surrounded the house a
530 Hill where Eisler met wit
press respresentatives, that he got
a chance to speak.
The milling crowd at the park
didn't realize until an hour af-
ter their arrival that Eisler
wasn't going to run their gaunt-
let. But they amused them-
selves meanwhile by pelting
each other with snowballs
shooting off firecrackers and
climbing trees.
Use of the park had been denied
MYDA by Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr., yesterday, following
earlier written permission from
Park Superintendent Eli Gallup.
The City Council later upheld the
mayor's action.
Almost the entire Ann Arbor
Police Department was held in
readiness for over three and a
half hours at the station, awaiting
any call from the carload of plain-
clothesmen who constantly ob-
served the proceedings both at the
park and at 530 Hill.
Some of the crowd said they
wanted "to hear what Eisler had
to say," but most were singing
bits of the Internationale," ad-
dressing each other as "Com-
rade" and saying, "I want to see
what he looks like."
As time passed and the crowd
became more anxious, every cry of
"There's Eisler" sent the whole
mob panting in the direction of
the voice. Filling the streets at the
corner of Huron and Fletcher,
they smothered every car that en-
tered the area with snowballs and
pushed one or two cars to the side
of the street.
After a long wait most of the
disappointed crowd fnally drifted
See EISLER, Page 6
Maddy To See
House Group
On Music Ban
Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, president
of the National Music Camp at In-
terlochen has been asked to con-
sult with the subcommittee of the
House Labor Committee investi-
gating James C. Petrillo's ban on
Interlochen broadcasts.
In a telegram from Rep. Kearns
chairman of the subcommittee, Dr.
Maddy was asked to be ready to
appear on short notice.
The issue to be settled, accord-
ing to Dr. Maddy, is the right
of the Camp to legal recourse
against the union. It is one of the
proposed amendments to the Taft-
Hartley Act recommended by the
House Labor Committee.
Expressing optimism as to the
final outcome of the dispute, Dr.
Maddy said, "I expect to broad-
cast from Interlochen next sum-
"In a question between labor
and management, public opinion
usually sides with labor, but in our
case the question is between a
labor leader and the children of

contacted by an anonymous caller
4 * * *
3isler Gives
Explanation of
Political Status
Denies Spy Charges;
Hits Thomas Group
While an angry mob of Univer-
sity students surrounded the home
of Ed Shaffer, MYDA chairman,
Gerhart Eisler, German Commu-
nist refugee, answered questions
fired at him by the combined lo-
cal and national press.
He spoke in a candle-lit second
floor bedroom, as snowballs pelted
the house. He charged that the
Un-American Activities Commit-
tee had used his person to pro-
duce systematic organized hys-
Political Refugee
"I never intended to overthrow
the American Government," he
protested. "I am a political refu-
gee. I was on my way to Mexico
from a French concentration
camp when I was delayed in New
York in 1941.
"I am not a spy. I am not the
number one Red in this country. I
am number 8500. I am not an
American Communist, and I have
never been to any Russian politi-
cal school.
"I have no contempt for the
American people or their Con-
gress," he said, "but I have all the
contempt in the world for J. Par-
nell Thomas. I fought reaction in
Germany and I don't like it any
more speaking English."
AYD Sponsors
Eisler said his tour is under the
sponsorship of the American
Youth for Democracy, but said he
was making it only in the hope
that "I can go home."
Although Eisler blamed Univer-
sity officials for the student ac-
tions, Carl Marzani was more ve-
hement in denouncing the admin-
"Who," he asked, "is going to
educate the educators when they
let things like this happen?"
Eisler said he had encountered
similar mobs in Germany by Nazi-
inspired students, but Marzani
said that "Michigan has the
unique distinction of being the
first American University to use
Marzani said, "we spoke before
500 students of Wayne, and had
no trouble." Both men will con-
tinue their tour, speaking next at
the Philadelphia town hall.
Ban of Eisler
The Michigan Committee for
Academic Freedom took a stand
directly opposed to President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven's decision to
ban Communist Gerhart Eisler
from speaking on University cam-
"We believe that no college or
university worthy of its mission
should dare to temporize with
basic civil rights and that these
rights include the right to listen
as well as to speak," Prof. John L.
Brumm, chairman of MCAF, de-
clared yesterday.
MCAF cited the banning of

Student Shuns Dame Fortune
To Complete College Career
n gg { drer

Preferring education to a film
career, Ann Gestie, '49, refused a
Hollywood movie studio's offer of
a screen test yesterday.
Miss Gestie, who looks forward
to a 'white Christmas. with her
parents in Fargo, N. D., instead of
California sunshine, said she was
"definitely not interested" in a

more important," Buck Dawson,
whose press-agentry started the
chain-reaction to Hollywood, de-
Pictures Sent to Coast
Miss Gestie received a telegram,
through Dawson, from Ivan Kahn,
executive talent scout of Twen-
tieth Century Fox Studios. Kahn
had seen her picture in the Los1

Plan Memory Book for Rose Bowl
Tt~ VyTWlt WY 7 Td r'+TW" 2-

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