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December 12, 1947 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-12-12

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'UN-AMERICAN"

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CLOUDY,
LIGHT SNOW

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVIII, No. 69 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Election Reveals
Students Against
Barbers' Tactics
Opposition to Disciminuation Policy
Voiced by Overwhelming Majority
A total of 4,383 students cast a decisive 5 to 1 vote against barber
shop racial discrimination in Wednesday's IRA survey.
The vote was divided as follows: White male, 2,214; White female,
1,122; Negro, 70.
The first of three questions asked, "Do you believe that private es-
tablishments which serve the public should refuse service to a cus-
tomer on the basis of race?", received a "yes" vote of 556; "no," 3,375;
and "no answer," 132.
The second question, "Would you continue to patronize your bar-
ber if he were to serve both Negroes and White?", was answered "yes"

Ten Jewish.
Settlers Killed
In Gun Fight.

Palestine Death
Reaches 172 in

Toll
Riots

JERUSALEM, Dec. 11- () -
Arab gunmen ambushed a five-
truck convoy on the Jerusalem-
Hebron road tonight and killed 10
Jewish settlers and wounded
three others before Jewish police-
men drove them off in a running
gun battle.
Forty-one persons were killed in
fighting throutout Palestine today
-the highest single day's toll
since the United Nations' decision
to partition the Holy Land
touched off the battling Nov. 29.
172 Palestine Dead
In the 12 days the strife has
raged,, 172 persons have been
killed in Palestine and 287 in the
entire Middle East, an Associated
Press count showed.
Victims of the attack on. the
convoy were members of the Ha-
toel and Hamizrachie settlements
in the vicinity, endowed with
American funds. The Arabs, us-
ing machineguns, were reported to
have raided the group from three
sides near the villages of Kfar and
Zion. An official announcement
said four of the 10 killed were le-
gally armed members of the Jew-
ish settlement police force.
Street Fighting
Jews and Arabs shot it out to-
day in the winding streets of Jeru-
salem's old walled city within
sight of the Holy Sepulcher and
battled each other in bloody en-
gagements in Haifa, where the
day's death toll was eight.
Haifa sources said fighting
broke out again there tonight with
a counterattack by the Jewish de-
fense militia Hagana against the
port city's Arab quarter, Wadi
Rushmiya. These sources said a
dozen Arabs were wounded by
bombs and gunfire. Hagana re-
ported it had blown up a house
from which Arabs directed fire
that killed two persons yesterday.
Union Snow
Trip Planned
For January
Final plans for the annual
Michigan Union Snow Trip to
Grayling, Michigan during the
week-end of Jan. 9 to 11 have been
formulated, Robert J. Olshefsky,
Union campus affairs committee
chairman announced yesterday.
University busses will leave Ann
Arbor at 5 p.m., Friday, Jan. 9
and transport students to Grayling
where there are facilities for ice
skating, tobogganing and skiing.
Return by Bus
Following a week-end of winter
sports and dancing, students will
return to campus' by the same
busses Sunday afternoon.
Total cost of the entire trip, in-
cluding transportation, reom and
meals will be approximately $15
per person. Students making the
trip will be charged $6 for trans-
portation and $2 a night for

by 3,293; "no," 645; and "no an-
swer," 125.
Over half of those expressing an
opinion answered "no" to the
third question, "Have you ever
patronized a barbershop who did
serve both Negroes and Whites?"
The totals were: no, 1,424; yes,
2,015; and "no answer," 624.
A total of 310 preferred not to
express their opinion on any of
the questions.
The poll was sponsored and
formulated by the Inter-Racial
Association but was conducted by
the Student Legislature to insure
impartiality.
Dick Kelly, Legislature elections
chairman, said last night that bal-
lots were in the hands of IRA for
further study.
Many of the ballots, bearing no-
tations, expressed dissatisfaction
with IRA's method of handling
the current Operation Haircut al-
though they agreed with the prin-
ciple, Kelly said.
Discrimination
To Be Fought
SCommittee
Positive steps to combat racial
discrimination were taken yester-
day by the Coordinating Commit-
tee on Racial Discrimination in its
provisions for immediate consulta-
tions with the barbers and im-
portant civic organizations on the
issue of a boycott against the
barbershops.
The committee endorsed a plan
of action embracing the continu-
ance of the bopcott, work in com-
A Negro student, who was re-
fused service in an E. Liberty
St. barbershop yesterday said he
would file a complaint against
the proprietor, who is violating
the Diggs Act by his discrimin-
atory policy.
The incident, which was wit-
nessed by two University profes-
sors, a clergyman and a student,
will be the basis for the court
case being promoted as part of
"Operation Haircut."

pricePan
Of GOP Hit
By Truman
Curb Bill Passed
By Hoiise Group
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, D.C., Dec. 11-
President Truman today labelled
Republican anti-inflation plans as
inadequate but the House Bank-
ing Committee disregarded his
plea for compulsion-backed con-
trols and approved the 4-point
GOP voluntary program by a vote
of 14 to 9.
Thus the stage was set for a
showdown next week on the two
conflicting theories as to the best
way to curb the rising cost of liv-
ing.
Nothing Less
The President told his news con-
ference today that anything less
than the 10-point administration
program would fail to do the job
and he wanted it adopted to the
letter. This called for standby
power to impose wage-price con-
trols and rationing.
The Republican measure intro-
duced by Rep. Wolcott (R.-Mich.),
stresses voluntary action. It pro-
vides generally that, without be-
ing held liable for violation of
anti-trust laws, industry andnag-
riculture can make agreements
to share transportation, save grain
in the production of livestock, di-
vide up scarce goods and regulate
speculation on the commodity ex-
changes.
Control Power
The bill also would continue the
President's control powers over
exports as well as his authority
to allocate transportation facili-
ties. Another provision would seek
to tighten bank credits by increas-
ing the amount of gold reserves
required to be held by federal re-
serve banks to support currency
issued and to back up deposits of
commercial banks. The Wolcott
Bill would be effective until March
1, 1949.
Wolcott told reporters the meas-
ure probably would be given the
Rules Committee for clearance to-
morrow so debate can open in the
House Monday.
Messiah' Will
Start Official
Yule Season
The Christmas season will get
under way officially when Lester
McCoy, associate conductor of the
University Musical Society raises
his baton on the annual Yuletide
production of Handel's "Messiah"
at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Au-
ditorium.
Mary Van Kirk, contralto, who
will return to Ann Arbor for the
second time, spent two seasons
with the Metropolitan Opera Com-
pany. She also made many USO
appearances, heading her own
unit in the summer of 1945.
Appearing here for the first
time will be Frances Yeend, young
American lyric soprano. She has
sung previously with the New York
Symphony Orchestra and with the
Boston and Minneapolis and St.
Paul Symphonies. Another new-
Comer to Ann Arbor is Mark
Love, bass, of Chicago who has
sung the bass role in the Mes-
siah more than 250 times.
Harold Haugh, who will sing
the tenor role, is returning to Ann

Arbor after an absence of several
years.
The Choral Union Chorus and
the Musical Society Orchestra will
provide the musical background
for the four soloists. Frieda Op't
Holt Vogan will be at the organ.
The second performance which
will be given at 2:30 p.m. Sunday
in Hill Auditorium, will be broad-
cast over six radio stations, two
AM, four FM, in Ann Arbor, Mt.
Clemens, Wyandotte and Port Hu-
ron, according to Prof. Waldo Ab-
bott, Broadcasting Service Direc-
tor.

House
Italian
Mass Troops
To Withstand
Strike Riots
Labor Set To Fight
Government Action
By The Associated Press
ROME, Friday, Dec. 12-Hints
that violence would begin soon
and an unofficial police report
that 20.000 Communist partisans
from the North were gathering in
Rome were heard early today as
the capital and province's paralyz-
ing general strike entered its sec-
ond day.
Only a few disturbances were
reported during the first 24 hours
of the leftist-led strike, the chief
one occurring when 10 riot squad
jeeps and two weapon carriers
charged over curbs in the Piazza
Colonna and dispersed a large
crowd.
Bolster Tories
A well informed source said
Rome's public security forces had
been bolstered by the addition of
from 12,000 to 15,000, including
detachments of the three military
services and special riot police
from Naples. The interior minis-
try would not comment on the re-
port.
The Communist - controlled
Chamber of Labor, which called
the strike, said late last night it
had received information that
"Neo-Fascist" groups would make
an attempt today to break the
strike. The Chamber added omi-
nously that it would not "be re-
sponsible for the consequences."
Truck Protection
One unconfirmed report heard
in Rome today was that about 120
half-ton trucks owned by private
operators would run under police
protection on six strike-bound bus
routes later in the day.
Day-long hopes of an early end
of the strike, the first general
walkout in Rome since pre-fascist
days, were thrown down yesterday
by the Chamber of Labor in a
strongly worded communique
which threatened "energetic
methods of battle" if the govern-
ment did not release all arrested
strikers.
Wells Movie
To Be Shown
'Things To Come'
Holds Horrors, Hope
"Things To Come," the film
version of H. G. Wells' book, will
be shown for the second time in
its three-day run at 8:30 p.m. to-
day in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre.
Bacteriological warfare and su-
per-powered bombs are envi-
sioned in the film, which depicts
a world ruined by a great war,

and then the rebuilding of the al-
most-lost civilization..
Wells' concepts of life in the
twenty-first century, with futuris-
tic machines in a world of glass
and artificial light, are also por-
trayed.
"Things To Come" produced by
Alexander Korda in 1936, stars
Raymond Massey and Sir Cedric
Hardwicke.
Tickets for the movie, which is
sponsored by the Art Cinema
League, will be on sale after 2 p.m.
at the theatre box office.

Leftists

Gather in Rome

<.;

HELICOPTER RESCUE--The Sikorsky R5 helicopter pictured as it was loaded into a Fairchild
C82 Packett prior to takeoff, was used by rescuers in successfully saving at least three of the six
survivors of a disastrous airplane crash in Labrador.

1

pproves

Stop -Gap

Aid

SIX CAME THROUGH:
Transport Crash Survivors
Rescued from Labrador Ice

**

WESTOVER FIELD, Mass., Dec.
11-(,)--Three of the six sur-
vivors of an ATC transport plane
crash which claimed the lives of
23 others at midnight Tuesday
were evacuated by helicopter to-
night from icy Labrador waste-
lands to Goose Bay, Newfound-
land.
A Westover Field Army spokes-
man said he had no names and no
report on the condition of the sur-
vivors, who were trapped in the
forested wilderness north of the
Royal Canadian Air Force field at
Goose Bay.
He added that, weather per-
mitting, the other survivors and
Twent Killed
In Tennessee
Plane Crash
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Dec. 11-(0)
-Twenty persons were killed to-
night when an Army C-47 plane
exploded in the air, cut a swath
through a small wood, and
crashed in an open sage field near
Municipal Airport.
Col. Donald K. Fargo, com-
manding officer of the 468th AAF
base unit, announced that all
aboard, presumably military per-{
sonnel, were killed. It was a
transport plane en route from El
Paso, Tex., to Memphis, he said.
All available ambulances were
rushed to the scene immediately
after reports of the crash were
radioed to Memphis by the crew
of a Memphis, light, gas and water
truck in the area-near White-
haven, Tenn.
Robert Hall, who said he lives
two and one-half miles south of'
the airport, said he saw a "flash
in the sky" while standing in his
front yard. He said the "skies lit
up" and then he saw the plane
crash through treetops on the
hillside, setting them on fire.
The army said the cause of the
accident had not been determined.
Identification of the dead were
withheld pending notification of
next of kin.

the bodies of the 23 victims will
be taken out by helicopter during
the night.
Weather Important
Ground rescue parties, who re-
ported they were able to move
only one mile an hour over the ice,
bog and heavy brush, also will be
flown out of the area.
Maj. Gen. William H. Tunner,
commander of the Atlantic divi-
sion of Air Transport Command,
who flew to Goose Bay yesterday
to direct rescue operations, re-
turned here tonight aboard a car-
go plane, but had no comment.
Emergency Treatment
Three doctors were flown into
jungle country through a snow
and sleet storm to give emergency
treatment before the men are
evacuated by helicopter to Goose
Bay. ,
Only one of the crew of 10 on
the transport survived - Staff
Sergt. William J. Bujak (home ad-
dress not listed), who was flight
clerk aboard the plane.
The rough, rocky terrain made
it impossible to bring the six sur-
vivors out by land and prepara-
tions were being made to fly them
out to a hospital at Goose Bay.
Siglers Like
Birthday Gift
Mrs. Kim Sigler, under treat-,
ment at University Hospital,
wasn't looking forward to a very
happy birthday yesterday, but she
received a double surprise.
Her husband, Gov. Sigler, who is
himself confined to St. Lawrence's
Hospital in Lansing where he is
recovering from an operation,
dropped in for a short birthday
greeting.
With him he brought a cable-
gram from their elder daughter,
Betty, who is in Japan with her,
husband Capt. Byron Slattery.
The message announced that
Betty had given birth to a daugh-
ter, and Mrs. Sigler became a
grandmother on her birthday.
Gov. Sigler's comment: It has
been "a great day."

Survey Shows
Vet Allowance
Is Insufficient
Savings Withdrawn
To MeetHigher Costs
The results of "Operation Sub-
sistence" conducted by the cam-
pus chapter of AVC and the Wom-
en Veterans indicate that the
present government subsistence
allowance under the GI bill is in-
sufficient in the face of the high
cost of living.
George Antonof sky, temporary
chairman of "Operation Subsist-
ence" yesterday issued figures
which showed that single veterans
spent $140 per month this year as
compared with '$99 a year ago.
married veterans spent $203 a'
compared with $162 a year ago,
and married veterans with chil-
dren spent $187 as compared with
$152 a month last year.
"These figures," Antonofsky
said, "clearly indicate how deeply
the high cost of living has bitter
into the $65 and $90 monthly gov-
ernment checks.
The survey showed that with-
drawals of savings, gifts from par-
ents, cashing of war bonds, loans
and working, in that order were
the chief methods by which the
student veteran managed to con-
tinue his education under the GI
bill.
Antonofsky estimated that the
increased cost of living had
brought the value of the $65 sub-
sistance check down to about $40.
Most of the students questioned
by "Operation Subsistence" said
that single veterans should re-
ceive $90 per month, and married
veterans, $125 with $15 more for
each additional dependent, in or-
der to make up the deficiency.
"This high cost of living, in ad-
dition to critical housing condi-
tions on all. campuses, explains
why 1,400,000 student veterans
have been forced to discontinue
their college education," Antonof-
sky said.

Four Nations
Will Benefit
By Program
Joint Committee
To Consider Bill
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11-The
House passed by voice vote late
today its hotly debated stop-Com-
munism bill authorizing $590,000,-
000 in emergency aid to .France,
Italy, Austria and China.
Designed to provide stopgap as-
sistance until the long-range
"Marshall Plan" for European re-
covery can be put into effect, if
Congress adopts it, the House bill
now goes to a joint conference
committee which will seek to re-
concile it with a Senate aid bill.
Advance Notice
Senators have served notice in
advance that they will object to
any changes in their bill, which
authorizes $597,000,000 - the full
amount requested by President
Truman-and leaves China off th
list of countries to be helped.
The House bill, adopted after
six days of debate that included
a sharp political controversy ear-
tier today, differs in several other
particulars from the measure
which the Senate approved last
week.
Impact of Prices
Representatives added amend-
ments making President Truman
responsible for easing the impact
of foreign aid shipments on U.S.
prices and supplies, and shutting
off aid to any country falling un-
der Communist domination.
They also forbade the distribu-
tion of relief food abroad by Com-
munist officials or organizations.
Opponents of the aid bill clam-
ored today for a roll call so that
individual votes for and against
the measure would be recorded but
their move came after a rap by the
gavel of Speaker Martin (R.-
Mass.) signalled a voice vote.
French Blast
Soviet Tactics
Attack Russian Use
Of Repatriation Camp
PARIS, Dec. 11--()- The
French government accused Rus-
sia tonight of using her repatria-
tion camp in France to send
French citizens to the Soviet Un-
ion.
At the same time the govern-
ment suspended Lt. Col. Raymond
Marquie, the chief of the French
repatriation mission in Moscow,
for "inadmissable" declarations
attacking his own government's
policy toward Russia. Aides at the
Veterans Ministry said Marquie
may be fired fro mthe Army and
confined to barracks when he re-
turns to France for his statement
that the French government had
a "systematically malicious atti-
tude" toward the U.S.S.R.
Aides at the Ministry described
Marquie as a Communist of long
standing who received his ap-
pointment from a Communist Vet-
crans Minister more than a year
ago.
In a note handed the Soviet
Charge D'Affaires, Alexandre Ab-
ramov, the French government de-
clared 40 French women and 20
men were "assembled" in the So-
viet Repatriation Camp at Beuare-

h~ard in September, 1946, and
shipped to Russia "without the
knowledge of the French author-
ities."
Building Going Up
Despite Plan Loss

mittees to promote community
support and a publicity campaign
to inform students about the boy-
cott.
Meanwhile, the Student Direc-
tors' Association, representing the
Protestant student counselors on
the campus, had unanimously
passed the following resolution at
a meeting, Wednesday: "Discrim-
ination among the races is con-
trary to the Gospel. We would
urge the support of those barber-
shops which do not practice dis-
crimination. We would urge an
educational program to eliminate
discrimination in other fields in
our community. We feel there are
more desirable means of education
than picketing."
UWF Aid Plan
Gets Sup.port
Student support of the United
World Federalist campus chap-
ter's resolution on foreign aid has
reached a 20 to 1 ratio, according
to George Shepherd, president of
the chapter.
More than 5,000 copies of the
resolution, which favors economic
aid to stop "polarization" of na-
tions have been distributed (to
date.
"We eenct to cnmnlete nolling

World News
At a Glance

NEW PROBLEMS FOR 'SMALL CITY':
'U' May Tighten Regulations for Driving Permits

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 11-The For-
eign Ministers Conference agreed
conditionally tonight on a new
and higher .ceiling of industry for
Germany subject to eventual ac-
cord on economic unification and
adequate security guarantees.
The Ministers fixed the ceiling
at 11,500,000 ingot tons of steel
production a year, conference
sources said.
* * *

By ARTHUR HIGBEE
With a record number of 2,800

that the University has become a
smal eiv"

Camp "may eventually grow into
a University recreational center."

tle Theatre as one of the most
noteworthy of the new activities

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