THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUE~SDAY, DECFIN1BZZ2, 1947'
GIw £ItrI4grn Unttg
Wall of Apathy
Edited and managed by students of the Uni-
versity of Michigan under the authority of the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
John Campbell...................Managing Editor
Nancy Helmick ...................General Manager
Clyde Recht ..........................City Editor
Jeanne Swendeman......... Advertising Manager
Stuart Finlayson ................Editorial Director
Edwin Schneider................Finance Manager
Lida Dailes..................... Associate Editor
Eunice Mintz....................Associate Editor
Dick Kraus ..........................Sports Editor
Bob Lent ..................Associate Sports Editor
Joyce Johnson..................Women's Editor
Betty Steward ..........Associate Women's Editor
Joan de Carvajal................Library Director
Melvin Tick................ Circulation Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Mich-
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Subscription during the regular school year by
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Member, Assoc. Collegiate Press, 1947-48
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily stafff
and represent the views of the writers only.
T HE ATTITUDE of the average Univer-
versity of Michigan student towards
politics makes a mockery of that glib phrase
"education for democracy."
Every one of us has been taught at
one time or another that this American
deamocracy cannot survive without the
active interest of all its citizens. And yet
the college campuses of the United States,
to which these citizens look for their lead-
ers, are turning out thousands of political
illiterates every year.
Now we wonder why this country faces'
the future with such a pitiful number of
trained political leaders.
Not so long ago, Governor Kim Sigler
told me he thinks students at this Univer-
sity "are too intelligent to be duped by
Communism." The plain truth, as we see
it, is that the students at this University
are too apathetic to know the difference.
Let's take a look at this campus.
Virtually every elective position on cam-
pus, including a substantial majority in the
Student Legislature, is filled by fraternity
or sorority members who make up a small
minority of the student population. All
credit is due to the untiring efforts of the
Pan-Hellenic Association and the Inter-
Fraternity Council and to the dormant in-
There probably won't be any change in
this situation for quite a while because
most independents "don't want to get
mixed up in campus politics," even to
assure themselves fair representation in
But student apathy with regard to local
and national politics is even more dan-
On the one hand we have the campus
"liberal" groups, including Inter-Racial As-
sociation, American Veterans Committee,
Young Progressive Citizens of Michigan and
Michigan Youth for Democratic Action.
These small but energetic groups are op-
posed only by student apathy.
LY i,,,t 4 r .
1 f 1t ''rJ w l'
This brings up
(1) Where are
(2) Where are
the rest of the "liberals?"
have been knocking their
collective heads against a stone wall of
apathy for years now. Some of them get
tired and quit.
We don't know where the "conserva
tives" are hiding. Without doubt, however,
there is a great need on this campus for
intelligent, constructive and organized
conservative groups that will express
themselves on local and national political
Only when the wall is pounded from both
sides-in other words when there are two
sides to every issue-only then will that
stone wall begin to crumble.
Letters to the Editor.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints every letter to the editor re-1
ceived (which is signed, 300 words
or less in length, and in good taste)
we remind our readers that the views+
expressed in letters are those of the1
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
* *, *
Teaching vs. Researcit
To the Editor:
I WISH TO ADD another com-
ment to the discussion current
in these columns concerning the
teaching ability of research schol-
ars of the University faculty. One
point presented by the first writer
in his suggested solution to the
problem needs clarification and
His claim that University pro-
fessors produce and publish re-
search articles for the primary
and direct purpose of increasing
their yearly incomes seems clearly
open to dispute. Insofar as re-
search publications may eventual-
ly bring their writers promotion
to higher professional positions,
the contention is no doubt true;
but to state that writers are often
paid enough to add substantially
to their incomes, or even paid at
all, for papers appearing in schol-
arly journals is to be unaware of
America's sense of value and
thereby to misjudge the motives of
the faculty scholar. (We are ob-
viously not discussing text books,
which are usually more profitable
It seems, then, that the advo-
cation of an increase in the sal-
aries of University professors as
a means of fostering greater de-
votion to teaching at the expense
of research is a false association
of cause and effect. But false
though it be, it raises the sugges-
tive question: Does scholarly ac-
tivity vary inversely with the size
of the bank balance?
* * *
To the Editor:
I WAS QUITE DISGUSTED when
I learned that the barber shops
in Ann Arbor had decided to con-
tinue their policy of discrimina-
tion against Negroes by refusing
to serve them. I hereby assert
that I fully support the actions
of the IRA in their efforts to
breach this encroachment on the
human rights and dignity of the
Negro people. I'd also like to say
that I'd be more than willing to
patronize any barber shop that
catered to Negroes as well as
"American Aryans." I'm sick and
tired of constantly hearing prop-
aganda abotit a "free American
way of life" when fair percent-
ages of our population feel the
impact of prejudice in every quar-
ter of life. As I see it, there can
be no compromise with freedom.
Either we have it completely or
we don't have it at all.
I hope that IRA will continue
to direct its efforts in the proper
direction in the future as it has in
the past. To sate those whose
curiosity might have been arous-
ed. I'd like to say, in closing, that
I am not a Negro but a pure
-Allen E. Botney
* * *
To the Editor:
THE WHITE SUPREMACIST
attitude of the Barber's Un-
ion of Ann Arbor is a disgrace
and an insult to the; student body
of the University. Their feeble ex-
cuses for not cutting Negroes' hair:
to the effect that other people
would not like it, is no more than
rationalization. What better way
to avoid the blame for white su-
premacy than to blame itton the
other fellow. There are 11,000
veterans on this campus, the great
majority of whom sacrificed a
great deal to destroy Fascism and
to preserve democracy. How many
of these veterans would agree with
the Barber's Union.
The Inter-Racial Association
deserves the support of every seg-
ment of the campus. This is not
the fight of the members of the
Association, alone; it concerns
every one of the twenty thousand
students. They must stop this
Jim-Crowism now or stand to see
other as nefarious forms of su-
premacy take root on campus.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
to my vote."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NIGHT EDITOR: DICK MALOY
YOU AND I are on the spot.
We are being asked to stand and be
counted on the issue of Jim Crowism in Ann
Arbor and America.
When Joe Kneiper, president of the Ann
Arbor Barbers' Association, unequivocally
denied the Inter-Racial Association's request
that discriminatory practices against Ne-
groes in 22 of the city's 26 barber shops
be eliminated because "our customers
!wouldn't like it," he put the question
squarely up to us-the customers.
In response members of IRA and numerous
campus organizations have called on Uni-
versity students and the people of Ann Ar-
bor to sign statements opposing the barbers'
policy as "a violation of the Federal Con-
stitution and Michigan's Diggs Act" and will
urge all persons not to patronize those shops
that refuse to serve Negroes.
As temporary residents of Ann Arbor, we
cannot avoid taking a stand on this local
issue for it is symbolic of Jim Crowism
in those thousands of cities where we will
make our permanent homes.
Jim Crow is an epidemic-like disease
which has infected the bloodstream of Amer-
ican life. It is a national threat which must
be simultaneously fought in every American
community if it is to be eliminated.
Wherever and whenever racial discrim-
ination is practiced, men and women who
are unalterably dedicated to the equalitarian
principles of democracy must actively com-
bat and expunge it from our society.
To meet Jim Crow with silence and in-
action is to sanction fascism's philosophy
of a "Herrenvolk," a limited second-class
citizenship and the subjugation of minority
On the other hand, to openly and vigor-
ously oppose racial intolerance whether in a
small college town or a large metropolis is
to strike a blow for human freedom and
Which side are you on?
On the Fence
D ESPITE GENERAL AGREEMENT with
the aim of the "Operation Haircut"
campaign-the elimination of racial dis-
crimination-we have found some sentiment
on campus in passive opposition to the ex-
ecution of the drive.
We have been asked this question: can
you eliminate discrimination by forcing
tolerant practices upon certain groups?
Some people would rather look upon the
Diggs Act as a kind of persuading force,
rather than a compelling force. They refer
you to the "lesson" of the 18th Amendment,
and say moral questions can't be decided by
legislation. And they insist that racial dis-
crimination is a moral issue.
Legal action is therefore the wrong
tack, they conclude.
But what is a better tack: The reply
is not surprising. By means of education, we
are told, rather than by the enforcement
of laws, will we eventually be able to change
attitudes and beliefs. They want the cam-
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
PITY THOSE who consider they are not
called upon to defend the civil liberties
of the dismissed Hollywood writers, and who
feel that they will wait for a happier occa-
sion and an easier issue on which to make
their civil liberties fights. There are no
happy accasions in the defense of civil lib-j
erties. Civil liberties cases always revolve
around relatively unpopular figures, taking
unpopular positions, usually against the
majority view. Where these elements are
missing there is, usually, no civil liberties
Very few people ever get into trouble on
civil liberties by endorsing the majority
view, and the number of beloved national
figures, popular and appealing, who have
their civil liberties taken away is ex-
Those who say, then, that we need not
concern ourselves about this case because
the issue is the allegation of Communism, or
even the refusal of the Hollywood figures
concerned to declare themselves on Com-
munism, are talking nonsense. Who do you
think that those who make free with civil
liberties are going to pick for their tests,
Those who intend to reserve their de-
fenses of civil liberties until such time
as, say, someone threatens the civil rights
of Senator Taft, or Bernard Baruch, have
chosen remarkably easy careers for them-
selves, including the one of waiting until it
is too late.
There is often a kind of borderline ele-
ment in civil liberties cases. That is what
makes them civil liberties cases. It is pre-
cisely on the borderline of belief and be-
havior that civil liberties are easiest to at-
tack and hardest to defend, which is why
the pitched battles take place there.
But the center is safe only when the
borderline is safe. And it is a shrinking
borderline; it has a dreadful, elastic qual-
ity; with every defeat for civil rights, it
snaps in closer; and he who dodges a
fight on the borderline will find only
that he has made an engagement for an-
other, closer to home.
Is this rhetoric? Let me see. Six weeks ago
the average American student of govern-
ment would have said, without hesitation,
that any American had a right to think as he
pleased politically, to keep his sympathies
private, and to hold his job regardless of
his political feelings or his willingness to
discuss them in public. Who will say so
now? What ha* happened to the ten Holly-
wood figures, in being cited for contempt of
Congress, and in being, perhaps, deprived
of their livelihoods, is serious. But what has
happened to the thirty thousand other
workers in the motion picture industry is
even more serious.
One of their rights has been eroded
and washed away; the effect is as sweep-
ing as if a new amendment to the Con-
stitution had been adopted, or a new law
passed. All this has been done without
legislation, and without negotiation; there
has been a change of status for all work-
ers in the industry, and in related indus-
Yet how can one defend the thirty thou-
tries, and it has taken place between
minutes, without their participation or
sand without defending the ten? How can
you fight the battle, except where the battle
is? You may regret that the battle has been
joined on what I call the unpopular border-
line of behavior, but you cannot afford to
lose by forfeit because you prefer to wait
for another fight, on a cozier field.
If you believe in human liberty, you do
not choose civil liberties issues; they choose
you, as this one does.
(Copyright, 1947, New York Post Syndicate)
At the Michigan. ..
THE BACHELOR AND THE BOBBY-
SOXER, with Cary Grant, Myrna Loy
and Shirley Temple.
T HE BACHELOR and the Bobby-Soxer
tries its best, with its slapstick antics
and harmless foolishness, to ease the pain
of a wearisome week at school and let you
forget your troubles. Just about all it lacks
is a pair of clowns tossing custard pies. But
if you're in the right mood, it adds up to
good escapist entertainment that may take
your mind off your bluebooks. Cary Grant
is the man-about-town artist, sentenced to
date teen-ager Shirley Temple, and rioutous
complications set in. Shirley, who is too little
and about twenty years too late, ends up
having loved and lost, but returns to high
school a better woman for all that. Myrna
Loy plays a judge about as convincingly as
Sydney Greenstreet could play the Thin
Man; finally, caught with her corpus delicti
down, she defrosts, turns human, and of
course falls in love.
At the State .*..
LIFE WITH FATHER, with William Pow-
ell and Irene Dunne.
1HIS PLEASING TALE of Days gone by
approaches perfection in casting, pro-
duction and direction, but the whole effort,
though sparked by sporadic quips and the
delightful outbursts of Father, moves rather
slowly and never seems to be getting any-
where. The alleged plot is unwound with
conversation rather than movement, result-
ing in a sea, a veritable flood, of verbiage.
William Powell fits Clarence Days' charac-
terization of the irascible and irrepressible
Father with poignant exactitude. And the
story is at its rollicking best when con-
cerned with the monetary manipulations of
mother, who, convinced that every Day
should have its dog, buys a toy dog for the
house and with a masterpiece of specious
reasoning, shows Father how it didn't cost
him a cent. Clarence, Jr., who has the "I
can't propose until I get a new suit of
clothes" blues, adds to the family's finan-
cial fueds by buying a new suit, on mother's
authorization. Father turns out to be not
such a bad fellow after all, and everything
continues just the way it was when you
came in. But still, at those prices, we could
at least expect a plot.
-Harvey A. Leve.
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewrittcn form to the office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 1021
Angeli Hall, by 3:00 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1947
VOL. LVIII, No. 60
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to stu-
dents Wednesday afternoon, Dec.
3, from 4 to 6 o'clock.
University Sena te Meeting:
Monday, Dec. 8, 4:15 p.m., Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Veterans: The Veterans Admin-
istration will conduct a subsist-
ence survey on Friday, Dec. 5. All
veterans who have not received
subsistence allowance due them
by that date are asked to report
to their training officer in Rm.
100A, Rackham Bldg.
All Single Freshman Men living
in the Willow Run Dormitories
may apply for Residence Halls
accommodations for the Second
Semester in Room 2, University on
December 2, 3, 4, and 5.
Application Forms for Fellow-
ships and scholarships in the
Graduate School of the University
for the year, 1948-49 may be ob-
tained from the Office of the
Graduate School. Present holders
of appointments who wish to ap-
ply for reappointment should fill
out a renewal blank at this time.
All blanks must be returned to the
Graduate School by February 15.
Transfer Student Testing Pro-
gram: Scores, together with man-
uals of interpretation, are now
available to those students who
recently completed the Transfer
Student Testing Program. Stu-
dents with less than sixty hours
of credit may obtain their test
scores in the Academic Counselors
Office. 108 Mason Hall. Upper-
class students may get their test
scores and manuals from the of-
fice of their department of con-
centration. Upper-class students
who listed no concentration ad-
viser should go to the Academic
Bureau of Appointments, 201
City of Detroit Civil Service
Commission announces examina-
tion for position of Playleader,
male or female, on Dec. 30. V'iling
period, to December 23.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcements have been re-
1.eTrade Industrial Education
Supervisor IV Salary Range,
$415-$475. Closing date, Dec. 17.
2. Institution Dentist III and
IV. Salary Range, $335-$405. Clos-
ing date, Dec. 17.
For complete information, call
at the Bureau of Appointments,
201 Mason Hall.
University Community Center,
Tues., Dec. 2, 8-10 p.m., Wives'
Club presents Prof. E. H. Gault,
who will speak on "Day to Day
Tues., Dec. 2, 6:45 p.m., Basket-
ball League; 7:30 p.m., Fencing
Wed., Dec. 3, 8 p.m., Volleyball
Thurs., Dec. 4, 6:45 p.m., Bas-
Fri., Dec. 5, 8:30 p.m., Square
Sun., Dec. 7, 4:30 p.m., Coffee1
University Lecture: "The Time-
Space Concept in the Work of Pi-
casso" (illustrated). Dr. Paul M.
Laporte, lecturer on Fine Arts. Oli-
vet College; auspices of the Mu-
seum of Art. 4:15 p.m., Wed., Dec.
3, Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Clifford
T. Morgan, Chairman, Depart-
ment of Psychology, Johns Hop-
kins University, will speak on the
subject, "Learning and the Brain,"
at 7:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 4, Rack-
ham Amphitheatre; auspices of
the Department of Psychology.
The public is invited.
French Lecture: Prof. W. F. Pat-
terson of the Romance Lan-
guage Department, will lecture on
the subject, "Louis XIII," at 4:10
p.m., Tues., Dec. 2, Rm. D, Alum-
ni Memorial Hall; auspices of Le
Cercle Francais. Tickets for the se-
ries of lectures may be procured
at Rm. 112, Romance Language
Bldg., or at the door at the time
of lecture. The public is invited.
Political Science 150 will meet
this morning at 11 a.m. in Rm.
1035, Angell Hall.
English 143 will not meet Tues-
day, Dec. 2.
Business Administration 173.
Property and Liability Insurance.
Midsemester examination, 2 p.m.,
Thursday, Dec. 4, Rm. 25, Angell
Chemistry 234: Students plan-
ning to elect physico-chemical
methods of analysis (instrumenta-
tion) for the spring term should
leave their name with Mr. J. A.
Dean, 328 Chemistry Bldg. The
instructor's permission is required
as laboratory space is limited.
Classical Representation Semi-
nar: Tues., Dec. 2, 4:15 p.m., Rm.
3010, Angell Hall. Miss Winifred
Burroughs will speak on Charac-
ters of Symmetric Group.
Differential Geometry Seminar:
Tues., Dec. 2, 2 p.m., Rm. 3001,
Angell Hall. Prof. G. Y. Rainich
will continue his talk on Tensors
in Surface Theory.
The University Musical Society'
will present the Don Cossack
Chorus, Serge Jaroff, conductor,
in the Second Annual Extra Con-
cert Series, Tues., Dec. 2, 8:30
p.m., Hill Auditorium. Conductor
Jaroff has built a program of folk
songs, religious music, and Rus-
sian soldier songs.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton
Tower, and will be on sale at the
Hill Auditorium box office on the
night of the concert after 7 p.m.
Faculty Concert: Gilbert Ross,,
violinist, Oliver Edel, cellist, and
Joseph Brinkman, pianist, will
present a concert at 8:30 p.m.,
Sun., Dec. 7, Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Program: Mozart's Trio
in E major, K. 542, Brahms' Trio
in C major, Op. 87, and Beethov-
en's Trio in D major, Op. 70, No. 1.
The public is cordially invited.
Science Research Club: 7:30
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Program: "Flow Visualization
at Supersonic Speeds," by Eugsne
B. Turner, Departme it of Aero-
nautical Engineering. "Sodium
Restriction in the Treatment of
High Blood Pressure," by J. Mar-
ion Bryant, Depa'rtment of Inter-
Introduction of new members.
Women's Glee Club Rehearsal:
4 p.m. All members are requested
Mathematics Club: 8 p.m., West
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Dr. E. Moise will speak on The
Pathology of The Plane.
Spanish Play: Preliminary try-
outs for the Spanish play, 4 to 6
p.m., Rm. 408, Romance Languages
Sigma Xi: Members of other
Chapters of the Society who are
now associated with the Univer-
sity of Michigan and wish affili-
ation with the local Chapter are
cordially invited to notify the
Secretary, 402 South Wing, Ex-
tension 2535, giving membership
status, year of election, and
Chapter where initiated.
U. of M. Radio Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 246, W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. Members may pick up
Christian Science Organization:
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Upper Room,
Lane Hall. All are invited.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Campus and Community Relations
Committee, meeting, 4:30 p.m.,
Hillel Foundation. All interested
in working on "Operations Hair-
cut" and representing Hillel at the
Social Conference at Lane Hall,
Fri., Dec. 6, and at other campus
functions are asked to attend.
Michigan Dames Sewing and
Knitting Group: Meets at 8 p.m.,
Mrs. Bertram A. Fulton, 845
Brookwood. Mrs.' C. V. Carter,
Varsity Debating: All debaters
are expected to attend the meet-
ing Wed., Dec. 3, 7:15 p.m., 4202
Michigan Union Opera: Meet-
ing of all students interested in
writing a book for the revival of
the Michigan Union Opera, 7:30
p.m., Wed., Dec. 3, Rm. 325, Mich-
Chemistry Reception: 8 p.m.,
Wed., Dec. 3, Rackham Assembly
Hall. All graduate students and
faculty members in the chemistry
department are invited.
A.S.M.E. field trip to Yellow
Coach Co., Pontiac, Michigan,
Wed., Dec. 3. The bus and cars
will leave promptly at 12:30 p.m.
outside the main entrance of the
E. Engineering Bldg. Sign up on
A.S.M.E. bulletin board in W.
AVC Meetings: Wed., Dec. 3,
Exec. Committee, 6:15 p.m., 306
Michigan Union. Membership,
7:30 p.m., 318-320 Michigan Un-
ion. Prof. W. H. Maurer, of ,the
I Department of Journalism, will
speak on the subject, "Civil Lib-
Alpha Kappa Psi, Professional
Business Fraternity: Pledge meet-
ing, Wed., Dec. 3, 8:30 p.m., in
Chapter House. A group picture
will be taken.
Deutscher Verein: 7:30 p.m.,
Wed., December 3, Room 319,
Michigan Union. Dr. Bernard, of
the Department of German, will
speak on the subject, "The Youth
Modern Poetry Club: Thurs., 8
p.m., Rm. 2208, Angell Hall. Dr.
Morris Greenhut will begin the
discussion of Eliot's Wastelend.
Bring copies of The Wasteland,
and have it read before the meet-
Wed., Dec. 3, 12 noon. Deadline
for entrance of material for Art
Exhibition; 8-10 p.m., Creative
WriterscGroup; 8-10 p.m., Natur-
al Dance Group.
Thurs., Dec. 4, 8-10 p.m., Art
Exhibition Opening Tea, sponsored
by the Art Group.
are, in short, professional troublemaker's
terms; not always, but sometimes.
However, we repeat, the main question
we find among the hesitant supporters of
"Operation Haircut" concerns itself with law
enforcement. If the law is upheld, we hear,
won't there actually be an intensification
of racial feeling? Won't the triumph actually
be a setback? If the overall aim is to cause
a decrease of racial feeling, instead of only
suppressing its surface characteristics, then
it appears to some that "Operation Haircut"
Playing soldiers? . . Barnaby, your airy
rlfrrJer isCnera,i;moin-Chif of
Hmm. Yes ... Both the lad's parents 'y
are returning, Blptto. And we don't.