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November 05, 1947 - Image 1

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POLICY ON
GERMANY
See Page 4

Y

* '* i l

:43 xii1t

GOOD DAY FOR
GIVING TO WSSF

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LVHI, No. 38 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 5, 1947

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Detroit Gives
Van Antwerp

EarlyMargilu
Voters Go to Polks
In State, Nation
Voters went to the polls yester
day in many parts of the nation t
elect, for the most part, loca
county and state officers.
According to the Associatec
Press, Detroit city councilman Eu
gent I. Van Antwerp picked up a]
early lead over Mayor Edwar
Jeffries in that city's mayoralit:
contest.
Unofficial returns from 675 of
the city's 1211 precincts gave
Van Antwerp 122,825 votes, Jef-
fries 97,750
Kentucky voters built up a sub
stantial lead for Democrat Earle
N C. Clements last night as he mad
a strong bid to recapture the gov
ernorship from the Republica
party.
And down the line in Mississippi
a three-cornered race develope
for the Senate seat of the lat
Theodore G. Bilbo, champion o:
"white supremacy." Circuit Judg,
John C. Stennis, who shied awa
from the race issue in his cam-
* paign, swung into an early, skimpy
lead and held it through mor
than half the ballot counting.
New York State voters gave
smashing approval to a $400,-
000,000 bonus . for World War
Two veterans.
Republican Bernard Samuel wa
re-elected mayor of Philadelphi
today, assuring continued GOP
control of the nation's third larg-
est city where both Republica
and Democratic national conven-
tions will nominate presidential
candidates next year.
In Indianapolis, Ralph Har-
vey, Republican candidate for
Congress in a special election in
the tenth Indiana district,
piled up a decisive lead over his
Democratic opponent, Frank A.
Hanley.
Chicago returns showed Demo-
cratic-Republican coalition can-
didates for 21 Cook County Su-
et'ior Courtjudgeships holding
substantial margins.
Haber To.Give
Job Forecast
Lecture at Hill
Prof. William Haber, of the eco-
nomics department, will present a
forecast of the occupational fu-
ture in a talk on "Vocational Hori-
zons," to be given at 8 p.m. tomor-
row at Hill Auditorium.
Considering both current and
future vocational problems, facing
students, Prof. Haber will discuss
present study in preparation for a
Job, as well as expanding voca-
tional areas. Predictions of in-
creasing and decreasing job fields
will be given emphasis in the talk.
A specialist in the field of in-
dustrial relations and public rela-
tions, Prof. Haber has given con-
siderable government service in
addition to his teaching work at
the University. For many years he
has been a consultant to the So-
cial Security Board, and at one
tine served as a member of the
advisory council on Social. Secur-
ity whose recommendations led to
the revision of the Social Security
Act of 1939.
During the war, Prof. Haber
helped to develop government
policies for manpower mobiliza-
tion and for reconversion plan-
ning. He is the author of a num-
ber of books in the labor field in-

cluding one on "Unemployment-
A Problem of Insecurity."
Following Prof. Haber's discus-
sion of the occupational outlook,
will be a musical presentation by
the University's Glee Club, under
the direction of Prof. Philip Duey,
of the music school.
Although presented as the last
lecture in the series of special
Orientation Assemblies, the meet-
ing will be open to all students on
campus, because of its general in-
terest.
Directory Sales
Depleting Stocks
Student Directories are still sell-
ing faster than printers can make
them available, Bill Zerman, Di-
rectory sales manager said vester-

Daiy-Lmanian
SHE HELPS THE HANDICAPPED--Margaret Nickerson Martin,
proprietor of Tuckaway House, looks over some of the shut-in
handicraft which her shop sells. Shut-ins from every state in the
Union have made Tuckaway House headquarters for the sale
of their work. Miss Martin, once an invalid herself, now spends
much of her time counselling and corresponding with the physi-
cally handicapped.
* * * *
STUDYING PRESSED:
Tuckaway House Represents.
Crossroads of Private lives

Big Group of
Candidates
Seek Offices
Elections Slated
For Tomorrow
A record number of candidates
will vie for three positions on the
Board in Control of Student Pub-.
lications, nine posts in the J-Hop
and Soph Prom Committees and
senior class offices as students go
to the polls tomorrow in the year's
first all-campus election.
Polling booths, located opposite
the bulletin board on the first
floor of Hutchins Hall and on the
diagonal, will be open from a
little before 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Three booths, all near the
center of the diagonal, will carry
ballots for only one election
each, according to Dick Kelly,
chairman of a special Student
Legislature elections commit-
tee. Students may obtain ball-
lots for a particular election only
at the individual booth handling
that election, Kelly emphasized.
Ballots for publications board
elections may be obtained at all
booths, however, he added.
Students voting for J-Hop can-
didates must be of junior standing
in any school of the University,
for Soph Prom, of sophomore
standing and for senior officers,
senior standing in the literary col-
lege.
All students may vote for mem-
bers of the publications board.
Students must present iden-
tification cards to those attend-
ing the booths before they may
vote, Kelly emphasized.
Election booth attendants will
include volunteer students, mem-
bers of the Legislature, the Men's
Judiciary Council and of Alpha
Phi Omega, national service fra-
ternity.
Ballot counting will begin at 7
p.m. tomorrow in the Union, Kelly
said. Students interested in count-
ing or watching the counting, will
be welcome, he added.
Ballots will be counted under
the "equal weight" system,
whereby the candidates with
the highest number of votes'Will'
be considered elected.
Chairmen of the dance com-
mittees will be those elected candi-
dates with the most votes.
Election rule's, prohibiting cam-
paign literature on campus or in
campus buildings and campaign-
ing within 50 feet of the polling
places will be strictlly enforced,
Kelly warned.
Infraction of the rules will con-
stitute automatic disqualification
from the election, he said.

Daily-Lmanian
ENDORSES WSSF DRIVE-President Alexander G. Ruthven commends plans for the World Student
Service Fund tag day to be held on campus today and tomorrow. Shown with President Ruthven are
(left to right) Frank Sulewski, regional secretary o f WSSF, Jean Yale, Jane Yale and Jack Passfield,
chairman of the drive.

By MARY STEIN
Tuckaway House can't compare
in size with Grand Central Sta-
tion, but it's still the "crossroad
of a thousand private lives"-of
handicapped people who've never
set foot or wheelchair-in the
little shop on Liberty.
The huge star-design quilt, the
tiny beadwork butterflies, the
knitted baby things and yarn dolls
that line its showcases are all the
work of shut-ins. The handicapped
Analyst Says
UN Resolution
IIneffective
By AL BLUMROSEN
The UN General Assembly's res-
olution condemning propaganda
that might threaten peace is "good
as far as it goes, but it probably
has little meaning and will have
even less effectiveness," according
to Martin Kriesberg, research as-
sociate in the political science de-
partment.
Kriesberg said that charges of
propaganda for war are merely the
manifestations of underlying sus-
picions and differences. "War!
propaganda will subside when
these differences and suspicions
are reduced. It will not be cur-
tailed by condemnation."
He noted that-in a larger sense,
the governments involved can do
little more than pass pious pro-
testations regarding this propa-
ganda.
"In a democratic country suclT
as the Ufiited States, the govern-
ment cannot prohibit so-called
'war propaganda' without limiting
freedom of speech and the press,
and it is unlikely that the Russian
government, which does control its
press ,would curtail the present
policy of the Soviet newspapers of
villifying the United States gov-
ernment," Kriesberg added.

in 48 states and Canada have
made Tuckaway House and its
owner, Margaret Nickerson Mar-
tin, the center and symbol of their
hopes for useful lives.
"Private Lives"
The people who lead what are
probably the most "private lives"
in the world have also made Miss
Martin their confidant. Once an
invalid herself, she received 35 to
40 letters every day from handi-
capped persons.
From their letters, Miss Martin
gleans ideas for a Sunday morn-
ing radio program in which she
tells success stories of the handi-
capped. An accomplished poet
with four books to her credit, she
herself is an example of a once-
handicapped person who's made
good.
Miss Martin likes to talk about
her friends among shut-ins from
coast to coast. The more she works
with them, the more she says she
admires their determination. "I've
yet to hear one complain," she re-
marked.
Curse Is Idleness
She has always maintained that
"idleness is the curse of the handi-.
capped." Out of a wheel-chair her-
self for only two and a half years
now, she ought to know.
The "chain reaction" that even-
tually led to Tuckaway House got
started back gin the early 1930's.
Miss Martin, then working for a
Jackson newspaper wrote a poem
called "The End of the Rope."
Handicapped people, inspired by
its lines, began to correspond with
her.
Then fate played its turnabout
trick. In 1938 Miss Martin was
stricken by a heart condition,
complicated with anemia. She had
to spend three years in bed and
four and a half after that in a
wheel chair.
Sent Her Their Craft
Shut-ins who had been helped
by her poem wrote to her during
her illness, and sent her their craft
-and needlework as gifts. Her
friends saw it and wanted some
for themselves.
So, in January, 1942, Tuckaway
See TUCKAWAY, Page 6

GET YOUR TAG:
WSSF Drive Starts Today
At Campus Collecting Posts

Q~)

World News
At a Glance
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 4-Stanislaw
Mikolajczyk, predicting an all-out
Communist offensive to kill off
"independent thought" in eastern
Europe, declared tonight he would
not retire from political life but
would "still go on fighting in all
ways possible for Polish freedom
and independence."
CONCORD, N. H., Nov. 4-
Old friends of John G. Winant,
American diplomat who shot
himself to death, considered to-
night that his fatal motive may
have come out of illness, over-
work and "the growing disillu-
sionment of today."
* *
LONDON, Wednesday, Nov. 5-
Returns from more than a 90 per
cent of the 196 cities and towns
participating in Tuesday's Scottish
municipal elections showed the
Labor Party lost 74 council seats
and gained only 12, the British
Press Association said early to-
day.
* * *
LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 4-
-The Soviet bloc in the United
Nations charged today that the
United States is attempting to
"pigeon-hole" the issue of Ko-
rean independence, establish a
"puppet" government in Korea
and "whitewash" its conduct in
the southern zone now occupied
by U. S. troops.
* * *

With the goal set at $10,000 the
World Student Service Fund drive
will begin on campus today.
Collecting stations situated on
campus will receive contributions
from students in return for orange
tags. These stations will be
manned. by representatives from
campus organizations.
Ruthven Statement
In a statement from President
Alexander G. Ruthven he asserted
that, "I am sure that the members
of our staff and the students of
the University will be inclined to
do everything possible to assist the
T'' Press Cluib
Plans Meeting
With Editors
The 30th annual meeting of the
University Press Club of Michi-
gan will draw editors and publish-
ers from all parts of the State to
the campus tomorrow, Friday and
Saturday.
Registration of delegates and an
informal tea at the President's
house will precede a dinner at the
Union. President Alexander G.
Ruthven will deliver the address:
"Partners in Education.'"
Russell Barnes, Detroit News
foreign correspondent, will address
a session open to the general pub-
lic at 10 a.m. Friday at Rackham
Amphitheatre and S. L. A. Mar-
shall, Detroit News Editorial writ-
er will later speak at a Club lunch-
eon. Dean of Women Alice C.
Lloyd will speak simultaneously at
a women's luncheon at the League.
Friday afternoon will be devoted
to a panel discussion of "Consti-
tutional Reform in Michigan" by
Governor Kim Sigler; Laurent
Varnum, past president of the
State Bar of Michigan; and John
Witherspoon, Detroit Corporation
Counsel.
The meetings will end Saturday
morning with a Club business ses-
sion and an election of new offi-
cers.
MOVE OVER, FELLOW.
CoedwEngine
C

World Student Service Fund in
supplying aid to those struggling
to continue their education in the
shattered schools of the war dev-
astated countries. The plight of
students and faculty members in
these areas is truly a critical one
and one which, if not alleviated
will lead to unhappy world condi-
tions in the future. Not only for
humanitarian reasons but also to
insure our own safety we should
contribute of our means to relieve
the cold, and hunger and textbook
shortages of our less fortunate col-
leagues."
Contributions Received
Contributions have been re-
ceived from several campus
groups, according to Jack Pass-
field, chairman of the drive. He
stated thatmcontributions will be
received from projects throughout
the year that designate profits to
WSSF.
NLRB Meets
UnionDefiance
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4-(IP)-
The National Labor Relations
Board today threw out three cases
involving unions of John L. Lewis
and Philip Murray in its first
move to enforce the non-Commu-
nist oath riequirement of the Taft-
Hartley act in bargaining elec-
tions.
Deadline for filing of the affi-
davits disavowing Communism by
union officers-one of the prere-
quisites for use of the board's ma-
chinery by a union-was last Fri-
day night.
Murray, who heads the CIO as
well as the steel workers, beat the
deadline with a legal thrust at
the boardhowever. The Steel
Workers challenged the NLRB's
right to throw out any cases which
had been pending before the Taft-
Hartley act became operative Aug.
22. Counsel for Murray contested
the constitutionality of the law's+
provision that union officers must
swear they're not Communists be-
fore their unions may have access
to the government agency.C

Darling, Kratt
Are Starred,
In 'Our Town'
Speech Department's
Play Opens Today
Larry Darling and Marcella
Kratt will portray the lead roles
of George Gibbs and Emily Webb.
respectively, in Thornton Wilder's
drama "Our Town," which opens
at 8 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
The play, which is being pre-
sented by the Department of
Speech's Play Production is staged
Pictures on Page 2
without scenery, and a narrator.
played by Albert Nadeau, is em-
ployed to inform the audience of
time and setting.
Supporting Cast
The supporting cast will consist
of John Momeyer as Dr. Gibbs.
Ann B. Davis as his wife, James
Lynch as Mr. Webb, the local ed-
itor, and Eugenia McCallum as
Mrs. Webb.
The story is concerned with the
simple lives of these inhabitants
of Grover's Corners, New Hamp-
shire, a typical small town. Having
escaped the formal barriers of the
modern theatre by its unique mode
of presentation, "Our Town" wor
the Pulitzer prize for Wilder, and
has been highly acclaimed by
many critics.
Season's First Play
The production is under the di-
rcetion of Prof. Valentine Windt
of the Speech department. Stage
settings are being supervised by
Jack Bender. All performances
will start promptly at 8 p.m. to
enable students in the production,
to comply with University closing
hours.
Tickets are now on sale at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Box Office.
Hours when tickets may be pur-
chased are 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
SL To Hold Meeting
The Student Legislature will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Grand Rapids Room of the League,
Harvey Weisberg, Legislature pres-
ident has announced.
Elections by-laws will be dis-
cussed.

Study Group
Seeks New
Tax Decrease
Labor Member
Dissents Bitterly
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4--Sweep-
ing revisions of the nation's tax
structure, with cuts for all the
48,500,000 individual taxpayers
and for corporations as well, were
proposed today to the House Ways
and Means Committee.
The recommendations came
from a citizens' study group and
exploded immediately into con-
troversy with Rep. Dingell (Dem.,
Mich.) crediting the report to the
"Wall Street boys."
Labor's member of the ten-man
study group, AFL Vice President
Matthew Woll, dissented bitterly,
declaring the proposals by his nine
colleagues would:
1. Drastically reduce federal
revenues; 2. Ignore revenue needs
for European aid, and 3. Shift
the tax load from those best able
to those least able to pay.
On the other hand, Ways and
Means chairman Knutson (Rep.,
Minn.), praised the report as an
"outstanding contribution" to the
task of tax revision.
The citizens group was set up by
the Ways and Means committee,
which is the main tax law writing
body in Congress.
The report, calling for a general
overhauling of the tax structures,
is separate from plans of Knutson
to press for "quickie" enactment
,f a $4,000,000,000 tax slash for in-
lividuals in the special session of
Congress opening Nov. 17.
The study group put individual
income tax adjustments as "a
number one federal tax problem
today."
It said "our premise has been
that the tax system should be ad-
justed so that our economy can
function actively and efficiently,
;o that men will be encouraged to
work and produce, and so that
)usiness transactions will not be'
prevented by tax road blocks."
Flash, Cards
Failure Called
Student Fault
Students are dealing their foot-
'a1l flash cards "from the bottom
>f the deck" and maybe even us-
ing sleight of hand to make them
disappear, and the Wolverine
Club's a little disgruntled about it.
A club official charged yester-
day that flash card displays spon-
sored by the club were far from
'flashy," and he laid it to "little
or no cooperation from the stu-
dent body."
Coordination in the end zone
cheering section that displays the
blue and yellow cards is so poor,
Bob Mayerson, a club officer, de-
clared, that televisors and radio
announcers at the games are ig-
poring the jumbled efforts com-
pletely. It's even gotten to the
point where fans right in the sta-
dium can't make out the stunts, he
added.
Club officials are also non-
plussed at the speedy rate at
which the cards vanish. They're
having to dig down in the treasury

to keep up replacements. In fact,
Mayerson said there won't be any
flash card displays at the Indiana
game, because there just aren't
enough left to make a showing.
"Hundreds of cardis are lost
through carelessness," he asserted,
"and the Wolverine Club is forced
to absorb the losses that have been
steadily mounting each week. Spe-
cific instructions accompany each
flash card and there is absolutely
no reason why the cards should be
destroyed or discarded week after
week."
As a last gesture, the club prom-
ises to try to re-supply souvenir-
hunting students with flash cards
for the last home game.

SHUT-INS' WORK:
Tied-Up Shoe String Amazes
Owners of West Lodge PX

By JEAN FAGAN
Terry and Polly Finch started
the West Lodge PX on a shoe-
string a year ago, and now they're
all tied up.
Finch, who is a junior in elec-
trical engineering, last year
caught himself wondering what
was lacking at West Lodge, and
why the Community Building
wasn't more like the Union. He
concluded that what was missing
was a Village counterpart of the
Union desk, where harried stu-
dents can rush to buy those items
that they almost forget.
"Pnchanri hic fia nri R n Prr

ing in a corner three times as
large. Later Perry quit the bus-
iness, due to pressing school work.
Perry and Finch built the count-
ers and shelving necessary be-
tween classes in engineering,
planned the PX while riding
busses back and forth from school
to the Village.
The PX sells everything from
toothpaste to cider to its more
than 700 customers daily. Accord-
ing to Finch women customers
necessitate addition of differ'ent
brands of shampoo and cigarettes,
to his ever-growing stock.I
Pinchs ttfe that h hnht a

her Named to Tau Beta Pi
- - ~

Betty Hansen, 48E, yesterday
became one of the few women
ever to be named to Tau Beta
Pi, engineering honor society.
The attractive 20 year old lass
who hails from Iron Mountain,
Mich., has been awarded the spe-
cial women's badge in the engi-
neering society, equivalent to the
Phi Beta Kappa in the Literary
College. Only 54 women have been
named to the group in the 46

neering student. She manages to
maintain a 3.6 scholastic average,
despite a heavy schedule of social
and extra-curricular activities.
She developed an interest in en-
gineering while in High school,
and enrolled in the University En-
gineering College three years ago.
Currently Betty is doing research
work at the Willow Airport labor-
atory, and plans to continue in
the fieli ungn randation.

time comes, but candidly admits
that she thinks marriage and a
career Will not mix.
In addition to those heavy de-
mands on her social life which
keep her dormitory phone jan-
gling, Betty has also managed to
take part in other campus activ-
ities. She served on the Slide Rule
Ball Committee and acted as Bus-
iness Manager for the Technic.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 4-Food
supplies on the American home-
front will shrink even lower in
1948, the Agriculture Department
predicted today as administrator
and conngressional leaers stuiedsa

Statements Mixed
The statements of qualifications
for J-Hop committee posts of
Mary Ann Cabral and Betsy Dris-
cal, and of Mary Alice Cheney and

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