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October 22, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-10-22

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ARMAMENT
RACE
See Page 4

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FAIR, IL
LIGHT BREEZES

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVUI, No. 26 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 22, 1947

PRICE F]CYE CENTS

Chile Severs
Official Ties
With USSR
Also Breaks with
Czechoslovakia
By The Associated Press
SANTIAGO, Chile, Oct. 21-The
Chilean government announced
tonight that it had broken diplo-
matic relations with the Soviet'
Union and Czechoslovakia.
An official said Chile's action
was "intimately related with the
Communist infiltaration" in the
nation's southern coal zone-re-
cently the scene of labor unrest
which Chilean authorities have
attributed to Communist agita-
tion.
,o Communist Contact
It was understood that the gov-
ernment's decision removes any
possibility of the Communist party
n Chile having contact with Mos-
cow or the new Communist Inter-
national Information Bureau in
Belgrade through diplomatic offi-
cials.
It means the ousting not only
of Soviet diplomats but also the
only remaining official represen-
tative of a country regarded as be-
ing in the Russian orbit.
Expulsion of Diplomats
Yugoslavia broke diplomatic re-
lations with Chile last week be-
cause of the expulsion of two
Yugoslav diplomats. Chilean au-
thorities accused the two Yugo-
slavs of operating under the di-
rection of the new Communist In-
ternational Information Bureau
and in fomenting labor strikes in
Chile.
Chile's action with regard to
Russia and Czechoslovakia came
a few hours after an announce-
ment in Rio De Janeiro that Bra-
zil had severed diplomatic rela-
tions with the Soviet Union.
Decline Comment
The Soviet Embassy in Santiago
declined comment immediately on
the Chilean action. No one an-
swered the telephone in the resi-
dence of tCzechoslovak minister
Jan Havlasa.
Today's developments came' a
short time after President Fabriel
Gonzalez Videla announced his
intention to "end once and for
all" what he described as the
Communist dictatorship over
Chile's mine workers.
Previously, the President had
accused the Communists of plan-
ning to cripple Chile's production
of copper, nitrates and other stra-
tegic materials and hamper de-
fense of the western hemisphere
and the United States.
De Gaulle May
Request Ballot
Peoples Party Awaits
Assembly Majority
PARIS, Oct. 21- (IPF) - Gen.
Charles De Gaulle's new French
Peoples Party (RPF) will call for
new parliamentary elections as
soon as it has majority support in
the national assembly to pave the
way for the General's early re-
turn t~o power, a party spokesman
said tonight.
The spokesman, Diomede Ca-
troux, declared the RPF had near-
ly a third of the assembly's 618
deputies officially or unofficially

pledged to support it prior to last
Sunday's municipal elections in
which the party scored a wide suc-
cess. Catroux said De Gaulle's
followers believe they now have
majority support in the assem-
bly.
Lagging returns showed De-
Gaulle's new party and De Gaulle-
led coalitions had won 38.6 per
cent of the popular vote reported
so far in the municipal elections,
more than any other party.
Catroux said De Gaulle's posi-
tion was that he still considered
himself above party politics and
would refuse to take over the pre-
miership under the present Parlia-
ment. If a majority of the assem-
bly called for a return of the Gen-
eral the spokesman continued he
would first insist on holding na-
tional elections. De Gaulle has
criticized the present constitution
as being too restrictive on the
power of the executive.
Rees Elneed Pesident

Supplies are Uncovered.
In Greek Warehouses
American Aid Group Estimates Discovery
Will Save Six Million in Expenditures
By The Associated Press
ATHENS, Oct. 21-The American Aid Mission announced today
it had uncovered supplies in Greek warehouses and docks originally
worth $75,000,000 and said the discovery would save $6,000,000 or
more in American expenditures under the aid program.
Dwight P. Griswold, head of the Aid Mission, told reporters
he believed some of the consumer goods found were deliberately
held off the market to maintain high prices. He said the discovery
"definitely affects" the mission's future planning.
Uncovered After Preliminary Checkup
A mission statement said the huge amount of supplies-part of
$1,000,000,000 worth sent to Greece' -
since her liberation from the Nazis
-was uncovered after a prelim- U' Promises
inary Greek government inventory
and spot checks by mission per RusService
sonnel in the past two months. S
These were the estimated sav-
ings the mission said could be improvement
achieved through discovery of the
supplies: Agriculture Division, $4,-
200,000; Reconstruction Division Desertion of Willow
$1,000,000; Public Health Division
$1,000,000. The American Congress! Caused by 'Slip-Up'
allotted $350,000,000 to aid Greece.
Cigarettes Found Neither flight nor fancy will be
Griswold said thousands of car- necessary to transport Willow Vil-
tons of cigarettes were found and lage students to Ann Arbor week-
indicated he believed these were ends.
kept off the market to maintain At least that was the assurance
the price of Greek tobacco. He given The Daily by Harold S. An-
said the cigarettes had deteriorat- derson, of the plant department,
ed in storage. in charge of University bus serv-
Also found was more than $2,- ice, who said:
500,000 worth of medical supplies, Plenty of Busses
some beyond use. * Hereafter, there will be more
than enough busses available to
bring the students from the Vil-
lage week-end nights, even if ,
have to drive one of them myself."
Answering the complaints
voiced by Willow Village students
WTaletters to The Daily, Anderson
said that the lack of bus service
which kept them from attending
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21-(')- the concert Saturday night was
President Truman sent a hurried "due to a slip-up." Plans are now
call today for a meeting with Con- in order to remedy the recurrence
gress leaders Thursday on Euro- of such a situation, he promised.
pean winter aid, and well-placed No Service Extension
administration sources predicted As for extending the present bus
a special session will be discussed. schedule, however, Anderson de-
TherPresident wishes to exploreslared rinreply to a student re-
further the possibility of an agree- quest, service is as adequate as
-nent on the desirability for an possible with the number of driv-
early meeting of the lawmakers, ers and busses available. He ex-
two high ranking White House plained that drivers must be giv-
aides said. en sufficient rest periods and the
Need Emergency Funds busses serviced to keep them in
top running condition.
Mr. Truman last week spoke of "The difficulty in providing
the possibility of such a step. It more evening service lies in the
would be aimed at providing emer- drivers' objection to night-driv-
gency funds for food and fuel. ing," Anderson said. He pointed
These aides said the President out that service here is "consider-
will bring the Congressmen up to ably fuller" than at most schools
date on the outlook for produc- having students living in a similar
ing stop-gap aid without legis- location.
lation, produce the latest figures
on the European economic pic-
ture and other information that Homecomg Hop
has become available since they Hom em n
met in September with Mr. Tru- icket Sales End
man. Ticket sales have ended for the
December Session Possible Homecoming Dance Saturday,
One source expressed the view with the total number sold reach-
that the minimum need is assur- ing 1,600, Chuck Lewis, chairman
ance of proipt action at the of the dance said last night.
regular session beginning in Jan- Adequate publicity was provid-
uary. That official said a special ed last week so that those who
session would be the safer course were most anxious to buy tickets
if there is any assurance that the could do so, Lewis continued. "We
Congressmen are ready' to pro- are stopping sales now to en-
ceed. sure dancing room, the oppor-
It is generally accepted that if tunity to hear the music, and a
such a session is scheduled it general good time to those who
would be around the first of De- have already bought tickets," he
cember. explained.
National News Roundup
By The Associated Press

GOOSE ROCKS BEACH, Me., Oct. 21-A roaring forest fire
appears to have been halted tonight as it swept toward Kennebunk-:
port village after destroying nearly 200 dwellings, most of them
summer cottages, at Goose Rocks, Cape Porpoise and the Wildes
district.
LANSING, Oct. 21-The state board of canvassers has set
a Feb. 4 hearing date to hear charges of fraud against petitions
asking a referendum on the Callahan "foreign agents" Act.
* * * *
LANSING, Oct. 21-A preliminary study for the Michigan In-
dustrial Conference's Tax Study Committee today estimated state
and local governments will cost Michigan taxpayers more than
$750,000,000 by next June.
* * * *
DETROIT, Oct. 21-Disability claims of a number of Mich-
igan veterans have been delayed by a shortage of rating board
doctors, Manager Guy F. Palmer of the Detroit office of the
Veterans Administration said today.
ARGENTIA, Nfld., Oct. 21-A United States Naval plane landing
at this Avalon peninsula base crashed into the harbor tonight, killing
seven of its 11 occupants.
U.S. Naval authorities said no details would be given out until

Poll Names
Wolverines
As Top Team
Michigan Picked
Over Notre Dane
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Oct. 21-Although
they can't prove a thing, for the
simple reason that the two teams
don't face each other this season,
many of the nation's sports writ-
ers expressed confidence today
that Michigan could whip Notre
Dame if the two should square
off on a football field.
By an overwhelming majority,
a cross section of the voting in the
weekly poll of the Associated Press
selected Fritz Crisler's mighty
Wolverines as the top team in the
land and assigned second place to
the unbeaten Irish for the second
straight time.
Most Extensive Poll
Of the 186 writers who partici-
pated in the most extensive voting
in the history of the poll, 147 of
them named Michigan first on
their ballots. Since the Wolverines
drew only 93 first-place votes a
week ago, many observers were
more impressed with Michigan's
49-21 walloping of Northwestern
than with Notre Dame's 31-0 shut-
out over Nebraska.
On the usual basis of ten points
for a first-place vote, nine for
second, and so on, Michigan
wound up with a total of 1,790
points.
Notre Dame, Secoid
Notre Dame received 21 first-
place votes, two less than a week
ago, but gathered a flock of sec-
ond-place ballots and held firmly
to second place with a point total
of 1,553.
Texas, which defeated Kansas,
21-6, for its fifth win in five starts,
was placed first on ten ballots and
remained in third place with 1,351
points, while California, which
See WRITERS, page 3
Soviet Policy
To Be Debated
Newsmen To Analyze
Russia's World Role
Walter Duranty and H. R.
Knickerbocker, Pulitzer Prize
newspapermen, will stage an all-
out debate on the Russian ques-
tion in the first lecture of the
1947-48 Oratorical Association lec-
ture course at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in Hill Auditorium.
Supporting the affirmative of
the question, "Can Russia Be Part
of One World?" Duranty will
maintain that Russia has swung
away from its plan to convert the
remainder of the world to Com-
munism.
Knickerbocker will oppose this
view with the argument that Rus-
sia is trying to do by force of
arms what she failed to do by
world revolution. He has previ-
ously characterized Stalin as a
"cautious" person determined to
build up absolute power and con-
trol.
Duranty has stated that the
United States is leading an Anti-
Soviet bloc, which is not under-
standable considering that "the
Russian people genuinely want to
be friendly toward the United
States."
Individual tickets for this lec-

ture as well as for the other six
lectures in the series are now on
sale at the Hill Auditorium box
office.
'Henry Y' Film
Rescheduled
"Henry V" will return to Ann
Arbor for a repeat performance as
soon as facilities are available at
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, Wal-
ter B. Rea, associate dean of stu-
dents, announced yesterday.
The Office of Student Affairs is
bringing back the Shakespearean
film to give more people the op-
portunity to see the motion pic-
ture, and to provide more favora-
ble reception than is available
at Hill Auditorum, Dean Rea
said.
Complaints as to sound distor-
tion and screen obstruction in the
Audritoriuim showing last Wednes-

LISTEN TO STATEMENT-Jack Warner of Warner Brothers studio; Paul V. McNutt, chief counsel
for the movie industry and Louis B. Mayer of Me tro-Goldwyn studio (left to right) listen to pro-
ceedings of the House Un-American Activities Co mmittee inquiry into Communist activities in the
motion picture industry, in Washington.
* * * *

THIS IS WASHINGTON:
WitnessesCte Communistic
Menace to Movies, Theatre

WASHINGTON, Oct. 21-(P)-
In an uproarious hearing, Adolphe
Menjou called Communism "an.
incredibly serious menace" today
and declared there are in Holly-
wood "mnay, many dangerous di-
rectors and actors."
And John Charles Moffitt, Los
Angeles critic-writer, asserted that
Broadway is "practically dominat-
ed" by Reds.
Still another witness, Rupert
Hughes, author, complained that
Hollywood movie producers have
been "unjustifiably lax" in pay-
ing big salaries to men "they
know to be Communists."
Charges Secrets Leak
Moffitt also asserted that Com-
munists obtained supersonic flying
secrets through Hollywood. He re-
lated that John Weber, head of
the Literary Department of the
William Morris Theatrical agency,
and others "with strong leftist
leanings," sought a story from
Chalmes "Slick" Goodlin about
the latter's experiences as an
Army test pilot. Weber, Moffitt
said, picked up information about
ultra-high speed bombers and
passed it on to Communists. No
details were added.
One lawyer was thrown out of
the hearing and another threat-
ened with ejection as the House
Committee on Un-American ac-
tivities pursued its investigation
of what its terms subversive ele-
ments in the movies.
Menjou Snorts
Literally snorting cigarette
smoke, Menjou told the commit-
tee:
"Joseph Stalin is a follower of
the methods of Al Capone and en-
slaves even his highest officials.
"Communists are active in Hol-
Fraternity Thefts
Now Total $1,100
Total losses in fraternity rob-
beries this semester jumped to
nearly $1,100 this week when the
fifth victim, Sigma Alpha Mu, 800
Lincoln St., reported $70 stolen.
An attempted theft at Delta
Tau Delta, 1925 Geddes Ave.,
failed when marauders became
alarmed after "blacking out" the
house and fled. Members were
meeting in the basement about 10
p.m. Monday when two men ran
down the darkened stairs and out
of the house after pulling the
main electric switch. A cabinet
was pried open, but nothing was
taken.
Erich A. Walter, ofthe Office
of Student Affairs, urged frater-
nity houses to lock their doors at
night to prevent a wave of thefts
similar to the one that occurred
last summer.

lywood but the movie center is!
awakening and has been doing all
it can to purge itself of Reds.
"It is 'juvenile' to charge the
House committee with trying to
'smear' Hollywood or exercise
'thought control' through its in-
-vestigation."
"And Menjou himself is 'a,
witch hunter if the witches are
Communists.'"
Sen. Pepper
Attacks Probe
Of Hollywood
WASHINGTON Oct. 21--(IP)-
Senator Pepper (Dem., Fla.) today
counseled movie witnesses'to re-
fuse to answer if the House un-
American activities committee
asks questions which "censor"
thinking or speech.
Pepper, who is not connected
with the committee's investigation
of Communistic influences in Hol-
lywood, told reporters that he had
talked with Bartley C. Crum and
Robert W. Kenny, attorneys who
represent 19 of the witnesses
called to testify.
"I told them," Pepper said in an
interview, that witnesses should
tell the House committee "I'm an
American and it's none ofyour
business about what I say, think,
and write."
A reporter asked if this would
not bring a charge of contempt
of Congress against the witnesses.
"They can't send a man to jail
for exercising his civil rights,"
Pepper replied.
"This may be the Stalingrad in
the attack upon civil liberties in
this country" Pepper told report-t
crs.
AVC Obtains
Meal Tickets
Meal tickets for two local res-
taurants, the State Cafeteria and
the Cottage Inn may be purchased
at the AVC meeting to be held
at 8:30 p.m. today at the Union.
Under the meal ticket plan, in-
stituted at the suggestion of AVC,
$5.50 worth of food may be con-
sumed for $5, according to Jack
Geist, president of AVC.
During the meeting, "Deadline
for Action," a film dealing with
Labor's role in politics, will be
shown. The picture marks Labor's
entrance into the field of politi-
ical action movies.
Members and friends may sign
up at the meeting.for a Hallowe'en
picnic, to be held from 6 p.m. to
midnight, Oct. 31.

Churchill Says,
Labor Action
Is 'Socialistic'
LONDON, Oct. 21-)-Brit-
am's Labor Government began a
battle today to curb the power
of the hereditary House of Lords
and drew immediately from Con-
servative leader Winston Church-
ill the charge "it is a deliberate
act of Socialist aggression."
King George VI, in a speech
written by the ministers of the
Labor government for the formal
opening of the new session of par-
liament, disclosed the attack. The
speech laid down a legislative pro-
gram for the next 12 months that
included early nationalization of
the gas industry but made no
mention of steel.,
Nationalization of Steel
Prime Minister Attlee later told
the House of Commons that the
Labor program includes national-
ization of steel, or at least por-
tions of the industry during the
present Parliament, which may
extend until 1950, however.
The King's address called for
"resolution and energy" in boost-
ing production to solve the eco-
nomic crisis, and gave notice of
the government's intention to
grant independence to Burma and
introduce a new budget.
Conservatives to Fight
The Conservatives tore imme-
diately into the proposal to curb
the power of the House of Lords,
disclosed in this one sentence:
"Legislation will be introduced to
amend the Parliament Act, 1911."
That act sets out the present au-
thority of the upper house, whose
origin dates back to the great
councils of feudal landowners and
Norman kings.
Suggestions of a general elec-
tion to settle the issue arose im-
mediately, and were expanded by
Conservative newspapers.
Attlee asserted the main feature
of the Legislation to curb the
Lords would be to limit their
power to delay enactment of leg-
islation to one year instead of
the present two-year limit, and
added "this is a wise precaution-
ary measure."
SL To Ratify
CampuisEvents
Student organizations sponsor-
ing any all-campus events must
obtain date ratification from the
Social and Cultural-Educational
Committees of the Student Legis-
lature before final approval by the
Office of Student Affairs.
Under a new system instituted
to facilitate approval procedure
and prevent date conflicts and
overlapping, procedure requires no
written requests other than a
form, available in Rm. 2 Univer-
sity Hall, to be filed with the Of-
fice of Student Affairs.
Date approval may be obtained
duringLegislatur.e Committee of-
fiee hours 4 to 5 p.m. Tuesdays
and Fridays, and 1:30 to 3 p.m.
Thursdays, Rm. 308, the Union.
SL Meeting To Air
Ratification of NSA
The Student Legislature will

UNSets Up
Commission
For Balkans
Russia Included
AgainstIts Will
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Oct. 21-An
overwhelming majority of the
United Nations Assembly backed
the United States and Britain
against Russia today and created
an 11-member UN commission to
watch over the Balkans.
The vote was 40 to 6. Eleven
nations abstained.
The Russians served notice for
the second time in this Assembly
that although elected to member-
ship on the Balkan watch they
would have nothing to do with
this new UN body. This added an-
other to a string of UN organiza-
tions which the Soviet Union has
declined to join.
Reject Polish Resolution
The Western Powers scored two
other smashing victories:
1-The Assembly rejected a Po-
lish resolution demanding imme-
diate recall of allforeign military
personnel and missions in Greece,
This was aimed directly at the
United States and Britain. The
vote was 34 to 7.
2-The Assembly rejected a
Soviet resolution calling for with-
drawal of foreign troops from
Greece and for establishing 'a
commission to supervise economic
aid-such as provided under the
Truman program-to that coun-
try. The vote was 41 to 6.
Russian Bloc Votes Alone
The Russian bloc voted alone on
two roll calls: Egypt joined it on
the Polish resolution. Delegates
recalled that Egypt has a demand
pending in the Security Council
for immediate withdrawal of Brit-
ish troops from her territory.
The Assembly directed that the
Commissioner be made up of the
five great powers-the United
States, Russia, Britain, Franc
and China-, plus Australia, Bra-
zil, Mexico, the Netherlands, Pak-
istan and Poland.
Poland announced she would
not serve on the commission but
the Assembly specifically re-
served seats for both Russia and
Poland.
The series of showdowrivotes
wound up the Balkans case in the
Assembly where it has been one of
the most bitterly discussed topics
since the delegates first convened
on Sept. 16.
UN Approves
Australia Plan
Sets Up Machinery
On Palestine Issue
LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 21-()-
The United Nations 57-member
Palestine Committee approved
overwhelmingly tonight an Aus-
tralian proposal to establish three
special subcommittees which will
comprise the machinery for work-
ing out a final solution of the Holy
Land problem.
Procedural debate lasting three
and a half hours began when Dr.
Herbert V. Evatt of Aust'ralia,
chairman of the Palestine com-
mittee, suggested setting up three
groups to study different aspects
of the problem.
When the proposal was put to a

vote just before the committee
adjourned until 11 a.m. tomor-
row, the members unanimously
adopted Evatt's first proposal to
set up a subcommittee on concilia-
tion wherein Arabs and Jews
would confer in. an effort to settle
their differences.
A second subcommittee, to dis-
cuss the details of a plan for im-
plementing the partition scheme
was approved 35 to 0, with 8 ab-
stentions.
A third subcommittee to study
Arab country proposals for an in-
dependent Arab nation in the
Holy Land was approved 34 to 10,
with 6 abstentions.
Tickets Ready for
Marriage Lectures
Tickets for the annual Marriage
Relations Lecture Series, which
will commence Oct. 28, may be
purchased from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m.

'WHEN IN ROME':
Oriental Lounging Apparel
Lands cU' Students in Jail

By HAROLD JACKSON, JR.
It's "hokay" to wear pajamas on
the streets after dark in China.

Two coeds in formals at beer
picnic never felt more out of place

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