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October 02, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-02

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FARMER'S
VIEW
See Page 4

Ar Ap
4jjt r tnan

741 attu

FAIR,
COOL

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVI No. 8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Government May

Act

To End Meat Shortage
Agriculture Department Reports
Greatly Decreased Production

WASHINGTON, Oct. 1-(~)-Gov-
erment action to ease the meat
shortage appeared possible today as
the Agriculture Department reported
that production is only 27 per cent
of what it was a year ago.
Indications that the administra-
tion is considering steps to increase
supplies for home dinner tables and
hospitals came from two sources-
Representative Spence (Dem., Ky.),
chairman of the House Banking
Committee, and Secretary of Agri-
culture Anderson.
Spence told reporters that he
"gathered the impression" at a con-
ference with President Truman to-,
day that the government may "take
some remedial action" to increase
Football Tic ket
Redistribution
To Start Today
800 Seats Available ,
In Sections 24-28
Eight hundred seats in sections 24
to 28 will be handed out today to the
first upperclassmen waiting in line
at the ticket exchange booths. .
The tickets, which were turned in
yesterday and Monday by underclass-
men who had obtained them through
fraud or error, will be distributed on
a "first come, first served" basis, with
the seats in the best sections going
first. Most of the tickets turned in
are for sections 27 and 28, although
4 tickets are available for section 24.
Adjacent Seats Possible
Tickets will have to be obtained in-
dividually. Ray Davis, Student Legis-
lature president, said last night that
students desiring adjacent seats may
have them if they apply together.
In order to procure tickets, upper-
classmen will have to present proof
of class standing, such as blueprints,
and proof of identity. Students will
sign their names and their former
seat numbers to guard against the
eventuality of further fraud.
Legislature Continues Check
In the meantime, the Student
Legislature will continue its check
of ticket stubs and registration
coupons to determine the names of
underclassmen who did not turn in
fraudulent tickets.
The Judiciary Committee of the
Legislature will meet Sunday to take
the first steps of the disciplinary ac-
tion. It is probable, Davis said, that
illicitly-obtained tickets will be re-
voked for the remaining games as the
first step in the Legislature's disci-
plinary action. Additional punish-
ments may include, fines, disqualifi-
cation from extra-curricular activi-
ties and suspension or expulsion from
the University.
Receipts for Underclassmen
When the freshmen and sopho-
mores who turned in their tickets ex-
change their receipts for tickets in
underclass sections Friday and Sat-
urday, they will be given special re-
ceipts to sign and keep. These re-
ceipts will be held by the underclass-
men as proof that they have cleared
their names.
Exchange booths will be open from
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. today in the
lobby of University Hall and in the
North Lounge of the Union.
Guilty Vendors
At Game Fired
Irregularities in sales at the Michi-
gan Stadium at the Indiana game
Saturday have resulted in the dismis-
sal of guilty vendors by the refresh-
ment concessionaires, Andrew Baker,
general manager of the Board in
Control of Intercollegiate Athletics,
said yesterday.
The dismissals resulted from a pro-

test by Athletic Director H. 0.
Crisler of so-called "tie-in" sales and
sales of water and ice.
Baker said that the contract with
the present concessionaires will be
continued since they have promised
to stop the irregular practices. He
could not explain if the practices
were originally sanctioned by the
concessionaires or if the vendor-em-
ployes acted independently and pock-
eted extra profits.
" A T I

supplies. He said he was not at li-
berty to discuss what the action
might be.
Requisitioning Suggested
Secretary Anderson had earlier
suggested that the government might
requisition livestock arriving at mar-
kets. He raised this possibility in an
address to New Mexico cattle men
at Albuquerque yesterday.
Evidence that supplies are improv-
ing very little was provided by an
Agriculture Department report that
meat produced by federally-inspect-
ed slaughterers last week totaled on-
ly 80,000,000 pounds compared with
292,000,000 in the corresponding week
last year.
Two Possible Remedies
They said there appeared to be
only two ways of increasing supplies:
(1) Lifting of controls or raising
price ceilings to encourage the mar-
keting of more grass-fattened cattle.
Reports from the cattle country in-
dicate that many producers are hold-
ing their livestock until price ceilings
are removed.
(2) Government requisitioning of
meat animals from farms.
These officials said the shortage
reflects a low level of marketing of
meat animals of slaughter quality.
They said government requisitioning
at the market level would not in it-
self increase these marketings or the
total supply of meat.
Claims have been made by large
federally-inspected slaughterers that
price controls were diverting much
livestock into the hands of black
market slaughterers.
Union Forced
To Boost Price
On Luncheons
Reflecting wage increases for full-
time help even more than the price-
rise for food, the Michigan Union has
boosted the price of lunches in the
dining room from 85 to 95 cents.
Wages to student help have jumped
from 60 to 70 cents, and regular
kitchen help, suchhas cooks, bakers
and dishwashers, has received pro-
portionately higher pay-hikes. The
pre-war price of lunches in the din-
ing room was 75 cents; the pay to
student waiters was 50 cents.
"Until now we've maintained our
own ceilings in the hope that the cost
situationwould level off," Manager
Franklin C. Kuenzel commented.
"Present jumps in prices for fish,
fowl and vegetables, along withrthe
labor csts, make it impossible for us
to continue," he said.
The Union management raised the
price of "specials" in the cafeteria
last summer five cents; price on a la
carte items have not been lifted.
During the war, the Union stopped
servingrlunches and dinners in the
dining room for a lack of labor. It
resumed the evening meals last Janu-
ary and luncheons during commence-
ment week last .June.
The only meal served on Sundays
is breakfast, but plans arenow being
made to again serve dinners on
Sundays after the football season if
labor is available.
Bikini Photographer
Enters University
The first Navy photographer to
take official pictures on Bikini Atoll,
in preparation for the A-Bomb expe-
riment, is beginning his college career
at the University.
Sanford Rossen, 19, freshman from
Detroit, was assigned to take "human
interest" pictures of the atoll.
At one point, he was instructed to
"take photos of the natives which
showed their reaction to learning that
the region would be demolished."

AVCPlans
On-Campus
Registration
Detroit voters will be given an op-
portunity to register on campus for
the fall elections if the American
Veterans Committee can present a
petition signed by 500 Detroiters be-
fore Friday, George Antonof sky of
the AVC announced last night.
Thomas Leadbetter, Detroit city
clerk, told an AVC representative yes-
terday that a deputy will be sent
here early next week to register voters
of the Detroit area if the petition is
filed before the Friday deadline.
Petitions will be available from 9
a.m. to 5:30 p.m. today and tomorrow
at the AVC booths in the Union and
on the diagonal.
Approximately 700 University stu-
dents sought information on election
registration and absentee balloting
procedures yesterday on the opening
day of the campus campaign to get-
out-the-vote, sponsored by the AVC.
Members of the University chapter
of the AVC manned tables answering
questions concerning various state
requirements on registration and ab-
sentee ballots.
More than 450 postcards request-
ing registration material or absentee
ballots were furnished and mailed by
AVC.
AVC Affiliate
Group Planned
Nomination of officers and discus-
sion of the formation of a new asso-
ciate organization will be held by the
University chapter of the American
Veterans Committee at 7:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Union.
Prior to the nominations for all
major offices, the appointment of a
committee to assemble statistics on
the cost of living for veterans at the
University will be considered.
The purpose of the associate or-
ganization, to be known as American
Veterans Committee Associates, as
explained by Ed Tumin, correspond-
ing secretary, is to establish a perma-
nent progressive organization com-
posed of non-veterans who are sym-
pathetic to the purpose and ideals of
AVC.
The AVCA will be an autonomous
organization similar to AVC itself,
providing its members sign, and keep
themselves within the framework of
the Statement of Intentions of the
National Planning Council of the
AVC.
Winning Cheer
In Yell Contest
Slated for Rally
Plans for the Michigan Yell Con-
test moved ahead today with the an-
nouncement that the winning yell
will be presented by the cheerleaders
at the pep rally before the Army
game.
Entries for the contest, which is to
fill the long-existing need for an of-
ficial Michigan yell, can be mailed to
or turned in at the Student Legisla-
ture Office in the Union. All entries
to be considered must be in the hands
of the judges by Oct. 9.
Prizes for the winning yell writer
will be a trip to the Ohio State foot-
ball game with all expenses paid and
credit certificates from all campus
bookstores.

Plans Set for New
Pep Club Meeting
An organizational meeting of a
Pep Club to assist the Student Legis-
lature Varsity Committee and the
cheerleaders will be held at 4 p.m.
Friday in the Union.
A large group is needed for work
on pep rallies and games. Though us-
uallY barred from campus activities,
first semester freshmen will be eligi-
ble for work in the Pep Club.

Yugoslavs

Request

In

Trieste;

Term American Plan

'adequate'

As

Deadline

Nears

Special

Role

<

LISTEN TO TRIBUNAL DECISION - In prisoners box at Nuernberg, Germany, Nazi war leaders listen
glumly to the reading of decision of the International Military Tribunal. In box are (front, left to right):
Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim Von Ribbe ntrop, William Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred
Rosenberg, Hans Franck, Wilhelm Frick and Julius Streicher; (rear, left to right) : Erich Raeder, Baldur
von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constan-
tin von Neurath and Hans Fritzche. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Paris)

WAR CRIMES TRIAL:
Goering, Keitel, Other Nazis
Sentenced To Die on Gallows

NUERNBERG, Germany, Oct. 1-
(AP)-Hermann Goering and 11 other
Nazi chiefs who helped Adolf Hitler
plunge the world into the greatest
war of all time were sentenced to
death by hanging.
Seven other defendants, including
Rudolf Hess, were sentenced to prison
and three were acquitted by the four-
power military tribunal in the first
international war crimes trial.
The death sentences will be carried
out in the Nuernberg jail, probably
Oct. 16. The prison terms will be
served in a four-power jail in Ber-
lin.
Concluding the 10-month trial, the
international military tribunal an-
nounced the sentences after complet-
W allace, Taylor
To Take Stump
Will Tour in Michigan
For Democratic Party
DETROIT. Oct. 1-/-P)-Henry A.
Wallace, who was fired as Secretary
of Commerce by President Truman in
a foreign dispute, will take the stump
in Michigan to deliver seven cam-
paign addresses in behalf of Demo-
cratic candidates.
Cy Bevan, Michigan's Democratic
National Committeeman, announced
Wallace's itinerary today and also re-
vealed that Senator Claude Pepper
(Dem., Fla.) and Senator Glenn H.
Taylor (Dem., Idaho) will visit Michi-
gan to campaign for party candi-
dates.
Bevan said Senator Pepper will
come to Michigan for three days, Oct.
25, 26 and 27, but that times and
places for his appearances had not
been completed.
Senator Taylor will speak in Wayne
County on Oct. 16 and in Oakland
County on Oct. 18.

ing the reading of a 100,000-word,
history-making judgment ruling that
aggressive warfare "is the supreme
crime."
Hans Fritsche, Franz Von Papen
and Hjalmar Schacht were acquitted,
with Russia dissenting.
Sentenced to hang, besides Goer-
ing, were Joachim Von Ribbentrop,
Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, Ernest
Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg,
Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius
Streicher, Fritz Sauckel, Col. Gen.
Alfred Jodl, Arthur Seyss-Inquart
and Martin Bormann (tried in ab-
sentia).
Sentenced to prison were Hess,
Walther Funk and Grand Adm.
Erich Raeder, life terms; Baldur Von
Schirach and Albert Speer, 20 years;
Constantin Von Neurath, 15 years;
and Grand Adm. Karl Doenitz, 10
years.
Hess dashed the earphones from
his head and did not even hear sen-
tence pronounced.
Russian Assails
Nazi Acquittals
NUERNBERG, Gerrnany, Oct. 1-
(4P)-Soviet Justice J. T. Nikitchenko
tonight assailed the acquittal of thilee
high Nazis by the international mili-
tary tribunal, asserting the opinion
freeing banker Hjalmar Schacht was
in "obvious contradiction with the
evidence."
The Russian major general also
dissented from the acquittal for the
German General Staff, the Reich
Cabinet and the decision imprisoning
Rudolf Hess for life instead ofgiving
him the death penalty.
Nikitchenko said Fritsche, as a ra-
dio propagandist, "had a most basic
relation to the preparation and con-
duct of aggressive warfare."

Cordell Hull,
Critically Ill,
Asks for Peace
WASHINGTON, Oct. 1-()-Cor-
dell Hull, former Secretary of State,
is in a serious condition at the United
States Naval Hospital where he suf-
fered a stroke Monday night.
A hospital bulletin issued at 9 p.m.
(CST) stated that the condition of
the frail former cabinet officer 're-
mains serious. No improvement has
been noted in his condition since the
last bulletin."
The former Secretary of State,
who retired from the Cabinet Oct. 2,
1944, entered the hospital Sept. 12
for a rest and checkup.
Critically ill on the eve of his 75th
birthday, Hull tonight solemnly
charged the Big 5 Powers with a
"special responsibility" to cooperate
for world peace and warned that
failure to produce that unity would
lead to "incalculable disaster."
Less than 24 hours after he suf-
fered a stroke, the wartim- Secre-
tary of State put forth his birthday
message at, in his words, "one of the
most perilous junctures in history."
It was a message of confidence
that the world's statesmen "will not
fail in this critical test"-the task
of forging world peace. But it was
tempered by grim reminders of the
difficulties in the way of that goal.
Truc lgent Turtle'

Greek Frontier
Demands Are
Turned Down
Vilfan Hits Decisions
Of Foreign Ministers
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 1-Yugoslavia pleaded
tonight for a special position in the
Trieste International administration
as delegates of the Peace Conference
tackled the last fundamental prob-
lem before them.
If Trieste is not oriented toward
Yugoslavia, both economically and
politically, Yugoslav Delegate Joze
Vilfan declared, the international
zone is doomed to "stifle to death."
Friday is the deadline set for com-
pletion of all committee work.
The Bulgarian Political Commis-
sion completed its work today, re-
jecting Greek demands for frontier
rectifications at the expense of Bul-
garia.
Before tackling the issue of the
statute for Trieste, the Italian Po-
litical Commission voted down a
Yugoslav proposal to prohibit put-
ting the Italian Treaty into effect
until ratified by the Belgrade gov-
ernment.
Vilfan's plea was made when he
spoke against a U. S. proposal, pre-
sented by Senator Tom Connally
(Dem., Tex.), to codify and put into
treaty language the decisions of prin-
ciples of the Four-Power Council of
Foreign Ministers.
The Yugoslav delegate charged
that 25,000 Slovenes, "driven from
their homes in Trieste," have been
pompletely forgotten in the American
proposal which, he declared, left to
the people of Trieste "only the free-
dom to die."
UTS Discusses
Soviet Demands
On Dardanelles
WASHINGTON, Oct. 1-GP)-Un-
dersecretary of State Acheson dis-
closedtoday that State Department
officials are holding a series of con-
ferences on Russia's latest demand
on Turkey for military forces in the
Dardanelles.
At the same time Acheson tersely
defended the presence of United
States Naval forces in the Mediteran-
nean.
Diplomatic authorities said, mean-
while, that American and British
embassies in Ankara presumably and
automatically advised the Turkish
Foreign Office that the continuing
policies of their governments are to
oppose Russian military expansion
into the critical waterway between
the Mediterranean and the Black
Sea.
In fact, top American officials con-
tend that the real issue in the case
goes far beyond control of the water-
way and centers around the inde-
pendence of Turkey. The argument
of these American policy makers is
that for Russia to have an adequate
share in the defense of the Straits in
an air age she would have to occupy
all of Turkey. There is reason to be-
lieve that this view of the matter has
been approved by President Truman
and represents basic American think-
ing on the Turkish issue.
Maritime Strike
Soluttion Sought
By The Associated Press
A new nationwide strike began
paralyzing America's ocean-going

merchant fleet operations for the
second time in less than a month
Tuesday and government labor con-
ciliators worked desparately to find
some formula for quick settlement.
'The Labor Department was re-
ported trying to end the tieup by
persuading the Maritime Commis-
sion to order ship owners to adopt
uniform hiring systems on all coasts.
The question of preferential union
hiring was one of the major issues

Sets

World Record

COLUMBUS, O., Oct. 1-(IP)-The
Navy captured the world's non-stop
flight record today as its twin-en-
gined "Truculent Turtle" roared in
from Perth, Australia--11,237 miles
away.
The sturdy Lockheed Neptune P2V
bomber topped by 3,038 miles the old
mark of 8,198 miles set last Novem-
ber by the Army's B-29 "Dreamboat."
The Turtle with its crew of four
naval officers touched wheels to the
Port Columbus runway at 11:28 a.m.
(CST) after 55 hours, 18 minutes of
eventful flight.

ALUMNUS FURTHERS EDUCATION:
Oriental Women Aided By Barbour Scholarships

By PHYLLIS KAYE
Over 500 years of University of
Michigan education has been pro-
vided by the BarbourScholarships
for Oriental women since endow-
ment in 1917.

Each scholarship is for four years,
but the student must maintain a sat-
isfactory record and reapply for ap-
pointment each year. Appointments
are made by the scholarship commit-

work and the dean of the Graduate
School was added to the committee.
The late Prof. W. Carl Rufus, of
the astronomy department, held the
position of secretary of the commit-
+.Fp lntil shortto hbfore his deanth

of preparation candidates had re-
ceived. Few opportunities existed for
higher education for women. Many
had to disguise themselves as boys in
order to obtain an education, while
nturm tn+rlt-d rieseaon mircinn-

of studies has included everything in
the curriculum of the University.
One student even received a degree
in engineering. A large number have
studied medicine, and graduate
eenantehow, mn-fnmina rH in rp-

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