THE MICHIWAN DAILY
FRIDAIL .TANTTAURV '1941&'-
, r .. . -. .-.., -I I
u1.11 v6YaV1. li, J. 7Y
3EN TO ALL:
On Daily Tryouts
IN THE LAST election of student members
to the Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications, John W. Shockley campaigned
on the platform, "Purge the Reds from The
The election was held Oct. 29, and Mr.
Shoekley was one of the three students
elected. Since that time, Mr. Shockley has
not "purged" a single member of The
Either Mr. Shockley has gotten over his
"Red scare" melancholia or else he has
bamboozled his constituents.
Furthermore, in his campaign statement
published in The Daily Oct. 27, Mr. Shockley
"I stand for stopping The Daily's propo-
gation of the leftwing view of news; and for
halting the use of The Daily as an instru-
ment for disseminating foreign ideologies.
I impress upon the electorate the crying
necessity of electing Board members who
will serve the rank and file of the student
body instead of the selfish nepotism of an
Probably because the length of his cam-
paign statement was limited (as were those
of all other candidates) by The Daily's space
requirements, Mr. Shockley was unable to
give concrete examples of "leftwing view of
news" and "disseminating foreign ideol-
ogies." However, Mr. Shockley, as does every
Daily reader, has the opportunity to write
a Letter to the Editor setting forth his views
on any subject. No such letter has been re-
ceived from Mr. Shockley.
In the latter part of Mr. Shockley's state-
ment - in which he refers to "the selfish
nepotism of an entrenched regime"-it is
not clear just whom he is attacking. But
Mr. Shockley should know by now that all
appointments to The Daily's junior and
senior staffs are made by the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications and that all
complaints that "nepotism" and "an en-
trenched regime" exist on The Daily should
be directed to the Board. We believe with-
out reservation that they do not exist, since
the responsibility for appointments is in the
hands of impartial Board members.
Judging from his campaign slogan and
his campaign statement, Mr. Shockley had
the intent of throttling all expression of
opinion in The Daily that did not coincide
with his own - a tactic not unknown to
totalitarian states. By not "purging" any
member of The Daily staff since taking
office, he has presumably indicated that he
realizes the error of this intent. He has
underlined the fact that the opposite sit-
uation from the one he depicted in his cam-
paign statement exists on The Daily staff.
But extensive damage has been done in
that the campus has been misled as to how
The Daily operates.
Therefore, in this announcement to the
student body that The Daily's tryout pro-
gram for the spring semester, 1947, will
begin soon after the semester opens, we
wish to emphasize once again that mem-
bership on The Daily staff is open to all
students regardless of race, color, creed,
or political convictions. It is open to
Greeks and non-Greeks, to literary stu-
dents, engineers, foresters and to members
of all other undergraduate schools and
colleges of the University.
Notice of the first tryout meetings will be
published in The Daily's first issue of the
spring semester. At the first tryout meet-
ings, all students who wish to engage in a
worthwhile extra-curricular activity that
embodies. service to the University com-
munity and offers training for potential
journalistic careers, will be welcome.
are written by me
and represent the
ed in The Michigan Daily -Robert Goldman
embers of The Daily staff Clayton Dickey
views of the writers only, Mlt denheym
RS: Brush and Levine Mary Brush
Slap in the Face
.SIDE FROM the increased costs and
bookkeeping both for the Veterans Ad-.
ministration and the universities involved
in the VA's plan requiring veterans to re-
port class absences, the introduction of such
a system is a slap in the face to mature,
The veterans in schools and colleges all
over the country are older in years than
the regular student body. M~any of them
held positions of great responsibility in the
armed forces. It seems strange that in view
of these facts the VA should institute such
a policing system.
It is even more startling when one notes
that the trend in universities is in the di-
rection of less stress on compulsory class
attendance. The new ruling here on class
outs is an example of this. If college ad-
ministrators consider the regular student
body capable of determining their own class
attendance, the VA should accord the same
privilege of discretion to veterans.
In spite of the fact that the ruling de-
ducting class absences from leave was passed
in June, 1945, it is ex post facto in actual
practice. Many veterans have been going
to school for three semesters, and appar-
ently maintaining satisfactory grades, with-
out having reported absences to the VA.
Now they are suddenly required to give an
account of themselves for a past semester,
without any previous warning.
Veterans, if anything, should be con-
sidered more responsible than other stu-
dents. Their experiences warrent this. Many
of them are getting their educations under
conditions of great economic pressure. It
should be obvious that they are not going
to school for the "fun of it." Veterans'
scholastic records prove this.
What any student gets out of college
cannot be measured by class attendance or
by grades, but of the two, grades are by
far the better computation and are com-
monly accepted. If the government wishes
to determine the value being received from
its money, the vteran should, be subject
only to the same standard of measurement
,as other students. This is already taken
care of by the requirement that veterans
maintain a satisfactory academic record.
Any other criterion is grossly unfair.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
ABASIC change in the eastern European
situation is reported to me by an Amer-
ican expert in international affairs who
has just returned from two years in that
region. I quote:
"At the bottom of the new situation lies
the vast devastation inflicted upon the So-
viet Union by the Germans. The Nazis
systematically went about their work of
making the areas they abandoned unlive-
able. In parts of southern Russia, the
Ukraine and White Russia they succeeded.
Not only is there no industry or ma-
chinery or tools left in vast areas but in
some regions there is no housing at all.
In parts of White Russia thousands of
poor people are living in primitive, im-
provised shelters, In. some Soviet cities
the level of food available has tempor-
arily dropped to eight hundred calories a
day-hardly more than half that of
"More than at any time since the Bol-
sheviks took power, they need aid from
abroad and they need maximum manpower.
For this reason, they are: a) concentrating
on getting every single scrap of available
"reparations from the countries they oc-
cupy; b) angling for American assistance
by showing how sweetly reasonable they
can be; and c) withdrawing their gigantic
armies from occupied countries in order to
put the men to work.
"Within Russia the new five-year plan is
meeting horrible difficulties because there
is so little left to start with. Hence the re-
peated purges. Moreover, Soviet soldiers are
returning from abroad with open eyes and
a disruptive spirit of independence. Former
Soviet marshals have been deprived of theirs
commands and cannot get civilian jobs
where they might "influence people." The
infamous NKVD has been divided into two
organizations so that each should watch
"The morale of the Soviet armies abroad,
with the exception of that in Bulgaria, is
frankly bad. Soviet soldiers go AWOL into
other occupied zones. They fraternize with
Russian-speaking foreigners and growse
about home conditions to them.
"Within a reasonably short time, the
Red Armies should be completely out of
Bulgaria, Roumania, Hungary and Aus-
tria. Therefore they are seeking feverishly
to consolidate in these areas before they
leave communist-dominated 'friendly' gov-
ernments that can stand by themselves.
This explains the recent wave of terror
in Bulgaria and the present terror in
Hungary. Whether, without direct Soviet
support such regimes can stand in any
of these countries is anybody's guess.
"The overshadowing fact in each and
ev&y country where the Red Army has been
- excepting Czechoslovakia - is hatred of
Moscow and of the Moscow-made puppet
"The Red Army will not pull out of Po-
land or relax its hold on Czechoslovakia-
deemed necessary for defense against Ger-
Conclusion: For the first time, the wes-
tern powers are going into negotiations with
the Soviet Union -over Germany and Aus-
tria-holding the high cards. We no long-
er have to buy Russia to "stay in the war"
as we did in eastern Europe) or to "enter
the war" (as we did in the Far East). This
time the Soviets are bn the asking end.
They want what we can give - maximum
reparations, maximum assistance in the
way of credits and merchandise, maximum
tranquility in all areas of contributing to
(Copyright, 1947, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
COMPETITION is now open to editorial
columnists, music, book and record
reviewers who wish to write for The
Daily this spring.
Articulate students representing every
shade of opinion are urged to submit
Opinions of columnists will be judged
on the criteria of clear-thinking and
eloquence. They will not be selected to
represent the personal views of The Daily
staff or editors. From those samples
submitted which are satisfactorily writ-
ten, columnists will be selected to repre-
sent more than one major section of
Student columns will appear either
two or three times weekly.
Columns should deal with 1-issues
on this campus; 2-issues of direct
interest to students.
Three sample columns must be sub-
mitted by each applicant, in the editors'
office (second floor, Student Publications
Building) before Monday, Feb. 10. Be-
tween -semesters, mail samples "To the
Editor, Michigan Daily, Ann Arbor."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3
rolled in the current term should
call for Spring term registration
material at Rm. 244, W. Engineer-
ing Bldg., beginning Tuesday, Jan.
21, t4rom 9 to 12 a.m. and 1:30 to
Registration Material: College
of Architecture. Students may ob-
tain registration materials from
their counselors February 4.
Registration Material: School of
Forestry. Students may obtain
registration materials January 27
in Rm. 2048 Natural Science.
School of Business Administra-
tion-Transfer students who have
been admitted on a provisional
basis for the spring semester must
secure a permit to register from
Assistant Dean Taggert sometime
between the completion of final
exaiain t nd elissfic t ion I
Letters to the Editor..
Required Hygiene Lectures For
All first and second semester
freshman women are required to
attend a series of health lectures
which are to be given the second
semester. Upper- class students
wio were in the University as
freshmen and who did not fulfill
the requirements are requested to
do so this term. Enroll for these
lectures by turning in a class card
at the time of regular classification
at Waterman Gymnasium.
Satisfactory completion of this
course (or of P.H.P. 100; elective,
3 hours credit) is a graduation re-
Section I-First Lecture, Mon.,
Feb. 17, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures Successive
Mondays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination, Mon., Mar. 31,
4:15-5:15. N.E. And.
Section II-First Lecture, Tues.,
U A li iiaLilii) tlli ; 's7711Ci~rifi tFeb. 18, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
.pnm t Tuesdays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Students graduating in Febru- Examination, Tues., April 1,
ary who have employments lists 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
at the Bureau of Appointments __
are reminded to pick them up be- English 1-Final Examination
fore they leave school. Students -Schedcule:
who have not yet taken jobs are Wed., Jan. 22 2-5 p.m.
invited to come in and look over Amend, 3Haven ; Bacon, B Hay-
our calls. 201 Mason Hall. en; Bingley, B. Haven; M. Brad-
shaw, 4203 AH; Burd, 2225 AH;
Men Graduating in February: Calver, 201 UH; Carlson, 1018 AH,
Mr. Bjarklund of Sears Roebuck Crockett, 202 Ec; Cummins, 205
and Company will be at the Bu- M11 ,
reau of Appointments, 201 Mason Dewey, 205 MH; Duvall, 2051
Hall, Tuesday. Jan. 21, to inter-
view men who are interested in
training for store managers, mer-
chandising, accounting, and engi-
neers to train for purchasing. Call
extension 371 for an appointment.
Willow Run Village Program:
West Court Community Bldg.
Fri., Jan. 17. 8 p.m., Classieal
Music Record Concert.
University Lectures. Dr. T. C.
Lin (Lin Tung-chi), A.B. '28, Vis-
iting Chinese Professor of the
United States Department of
State, will lecture Friday, Jan. 17
at 4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphithea-
tre, under the auspices of the De-
partment of History and the De-
gree Program in Oriental Civiliza-
tions. The title of the lecture is as
follows: "The Emerging Ethos."
Will the contact with the West
mean China's total intellectual
surrender or the birth of a new
Doctoral Examination for Wil-
liam Donald Knight, Economics;
thesis: "Subsidization of Industry
in Forty Selected Cities in Wiscon-
sin 1930-1946," Saturday, Jan. 18,
at 9 a.m., 105 Economics Bldg.
Chairman, L. L. Watkins.
Algebra Seminar: 4:15 p.m., Fri.,
Jan. 17, Rm. 3201, Angell Hall.
Prof. R. M. Thrall will speak on
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
The Seminar assigned for January
10, "The Evaluation of the Nu-
tritive Efficiency of Proteins" will
be given on Friday, Jan. 17, Rm.,
319, W. Medical Bldg., 3 p.m.
Seminar on Compressible Flow:
3 p.m., Rm. 247, W. Engineering
Bldg. Dr. R. C. F. Bartels will
speak on "Solutions of the Equa-
tions on an Adiabatic Gas Flow."
Qualified seniors and graduate
students interested in taking 194,
Reading Course in Latin-Ameri-
can Studies, please leave names,
at once, at 112 Romance Lan-
Freshman Health Lectures For
It is a University require-
ment that all entering freshmen
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures on Personal & Community
Health and to pass an examina-
tion on the content of those lec-
tures. Transfer students with
freshman standing are also re-
quired to take the course unless
they have had a similar course
elsewhere. Upper classmen who
were here as freshmen and who
did not fulfill the requirements are
requested to do so this semester.
These lectures are not required
The lectures will be given in
Room 25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m.
and repeated at 7:30 p.m. as per
the following schedule.
Lecture No. 1, Mon., Feb. 10
Lecture No. 2, Tues., Feb. 11
Lecture No. 3, Wed., Feb. 12
Lecture No. 4, Thurs., Feb. 13
Lecture No. 5, Mon., Feb. 17
Lecture No. 6, Tues., Feb. 18
Lecture No. 7 (examination),
Wed., Feb. 19.
Please note that attendance is
required and roll will be taken.
MH: Fleming, 1035 AH; Hawkins,
2235 AH: Hirsh, 25 AH; Howard,
1025 AH; Karsten. 1025 AH; Kelly,
25 AU; Kert. 25 AH; LaDue, 101
Ec; Lean, 18 A; Madden, 1007
AU; Maliche, B Haven; McClen-
nen, 1025 AH; McKean, C Haven;
McLarty, D Haven; Merriman, D.
Haven; Moon, 1018 Al; Muehl,
206 UH: Norton, 2029 AH: O'Don-
oboe. 101 Ec:
Perkins, 2003 AH: Phillips, 4208
All; Plumer, 2203 AH; Puglisi,
1025 AH; D. Riepe, 3209 AH; P.
Riepe, 215 Ec; Randall, 2082 NS;
Rock, 101 Ec.; J. Shedd, 1035 AH;
Sparrow. 2219 AH; Stacy, 2003
NS; Stevenson, 3116 NS; Stocking,
207 Ec; Swarthout, 102 Ec; Tag-
gart, 2013 AHU; Thornbury, 229 AH;
Waggener, 3011 AH; C. Weaver, C
Haven; Wells, 2225 AH; Whan,
2054 NS; Wolfinger, 203 UH;
Wunsch, 104 Ec.
English 2-Final Examination
Schedule ' 2
Wed., Jan. 22, 2-5 p.m.
Allen, NS Aud; Boys, NS Aud;
J. Bradshawv, NS Aud; J. Culbert,
NS Aud; T. Culbert, 3017 AH; Ed-
wards. NS Aud; Engel, G. Haven;
Everett, 3011 AH; Gram, NS Aud;
Johnston, E Haven; Jones 1121
NS; Murry, NS Aud; Needham,
2231 AH; Park, NS Auditorium;
Perkins, 2003 AH; Rich, 225
AH;Savage. 2231 AH; R. Shedd.
W. Gallery, AMH; E. Stan-
lis, 4003 AH; P. Stanlis, W Gal-
lery, AMH; Swift, W Gallery,
AMH; Wolfson, W Gallery, AMH.
English 85 final examination
will be in 2014 AH, Thursday p.m.,
English 149 final examination
will be in 2014 AH, Monday p.m.,
Room Assignments for German
1, 2, 31, 32 final examinations to
be held Saturday, January 25, 1947,
German 1, sec. 1, Gaiss, B H;
German 1, sec 2, Philippson, 2225,
AU German 1, sec. 3, Willey, 3017
ni Hall; German 1, sec. 5, Philipp-
son, 2225 AH; German 1, sec. 6,
Pott, 2003 AU; German 1, sec. 7,
Reichart, 206 UH; German 1, sec.
8, Van Duren, G HH; German 1,
sec. 9, Braun, 101 Ec.; German 1,
sec. 10, Gaiss, B HH; German 1,
sec. 11, Thomas, E. HH; German
1, sec. 12, Bettger, C HH; German
1, sec. 13, Fihn, 35 AH; German 1,
sec. 14, Dewey, 205 M; German 1,
sec. 15, Brown, 1025 AH; German
1, sec. 16, Yates, 2003 AH; German
1, sec. 17, Bettger, 2231 AH; Ger-
man 1, sec. 18. Fihn, 35 AH; Ger-
man 1, sec. 19, Van Zwoll, 1025
AH; German 1, sec. 20, Kahan,
C HH; German 1, sec. 21, Reiss,
German 2, sec. 1, Yates, 2003
AH; German 2, sec. 2. Brown, 1025
AU; German 2, sec. 3, Norton,
1025 AH; German 2, sec. 4, Willey,
3017 AH; German 2, sec. 5, Gaiss,
B HH; German 2, sec. 6, Thomas,
35 AH; German 2, sec. 7, Fihn, 2231
AH; German 2, sec. 8, Striedieck,
b Alumni Hall; German 2, sec. 9,
Brown, 1025 AH; German 2, sec.
10, Braun, 101 Econ.; German 2,
sec. 11, Kahan, C HH; German 2,
sec. 12, Binger, 205 MH.
German 31, sec. 1, Binger, 205
MH; German 31, sec. 2, Eaton,
B HH; German 31, sec. 3, Brown,
1025 AH; German 31, sec. 4, Braun,
101 Econ; German 31, see. 5,1
Kahan, C HH; German 31, sec. 6,
EDITOR'S NOTE: No letter to the
editor will be printed unless signed
and written in good taste. Letters
over 300 words in length will be
shortened or omitted; in special in-
stances, they will be printed, at the
discretion of the editorial director.
To the Editor:
ALTHOUGH I believe it was
certainly worthwhile for the
Editors of The Daily to print the
series of articles dealing with the
Chicago Student Conference, Dec.
27-29, I am sorry to say Mr. Walsh
distortec the proceedings in a
number of important ways. I do
not accuse Walsh of anything but
being: overzealous and sensational.,
to the point of frequently slip-
ping from the facts. He has what
I call "the UN complex." "The
UN complex" is reporting and
blowing up American-Soviet dis-
cord, whileAmerican-Soviet agree-
ment on any issue is buried on
the eighth page. Nothing but dis-
agreement has news value.Any-
way, I'd like to say first that I
attended the Conference myself
and sat in on a number of panels,
caucuses, and plenary sessions.
In the first place the reporter's
confused and inadequate handling
on the issue of discrimination at
the Conference in his reporting
has already led to an editorial
writer on The Daily, Bob Hart-
man by name, going off half-
cocked and blasting the Confer-
ence for "Racial Hypocrisy." Mr.
Hartman is not to be blamed but
rather the reporter's mythical
"shadow of the Confederacy"
hanging over the Conference.
Walsh's statement that the South-
ern delegates threatened to walk
out is absolutely false in the first
place. The Southerners clearly ex-
plained that they wanted to be
part of the NSO and that the
very strong resolution on working
to repeal Southern discriminatory
laws would make exposing the
Southern white students to other
American students, who felt
Gaiss, B HH; German 31, sec 7,
Binger, 205 MH.
German 32, sec. 1, Raschen, 203
UH; German 32, sec. 2, Graf 201
UH; German 32, sec. 3, Philippson,
203 UH;,German 32, sec. 4, Reich-
art, 206 UH.
History 11, Lecture Section 11:
Final examination Monday, Janu-
ary 20, 2-5 p.m. Hyma's and Mc-
Culloch's "sections, Rm. G, Haven
Hall; losson's, Rm. E, Haven
Hall; all other sections in Water-
man Gymnasium. Make-up for
those unable to come at this
hour, Wednesday, Jan. 22, 2-5
p.m., Rm. 322 Haven Hall.
History 49: Final Examination
January 28, 2-5 p.m. Sections 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, Natural Science Audito-
rium; Sections 6, 7, 8, 9, 1025 An-
Journalism 91: The Journalism
Department will repeat Journalism
91 the second semester for the
benefit of transfer juniors who
were not able to take it during the
first semester. Election should be
made through the Journalism Of-
fice, 213 Haven Hall.
Philosophy 34 Sections which
meet on Tuesday at 11 (Nos. 3 and
4) will take the examination in
1Rm. 2029 Angell Hall.
Sections which meet Thursday at
11 (Nos. 12 and 13) will take the
examination in Rm. 2219 Angell
All other sections come to 348
West Engineering Building.
Political Science 51, examina
tion. Wednesday, January 29, 2
p.m. Sections 1 and 2 (Mr. Laing)
in Rm. 1025 A.H. Sections 3 (Mr.
Lederle) in Rm. 2003 A.H.
Political Science 85, Examina-
tion. Monday, January 27, 9 a.m.
Rm. 101 Economics Bldg.
Political Science 150 will not be
given in the spring semester.
Sociology 90: The hours listed
for this course in the Time Sched-
ule for the second semester are in-
correct. Section 1 will meet MF
at 8 in 307 H.H. and W at '8 in
3003 A.H. Section 2 will meet TTh
at 8 in 307 HH and S at 8 in 3003
Speech 31 and 32 Final Examir
nations:, Examinations will be
given Thursday, January 23, 2-5
p.m. as -follows:
Okey, 31-1 and 31-16, 2003 AH;
Rittenour, 31-2 and 3124, 2225 AH;
Cairns, 31-3 and 31-5, Waterman
Gymnasium; Thomas, 31-6, 4203
AH; McMonagle, 31-7, 31-10,
31-15, and 31-17, 25 AH; Quimby,
31-8 and 31-21, 2231 AH; Currie.
31-9.and 31-11, 221 Dental School;
iCoitinued on Page 5)
strongly opposed to Jim-Crow,
impossible in the future. The
Southern delegates proved their
integrity when they announced
on the floor they would hold inter-'
racial meetings with Negro col-
leges on the regional level in the
South-despite the laws of sev-
eral States. They further proved
their honesty in electing a Negro
delegate Chairman of the North
or South Carolina Region before
the discussion took place on the.
resolution. The feeling of the
Conference on as a whole, despite
Mr. Walsh evidently, was that the
Southerners were not only per-
sonally unbiased people, but also
students who more correctly than
we Northerners were being real-
istic on the question of how we
are going to change the institu-
tionalized Jim-Crow of the South.
This most important point was not
only missed by the Daily's report-
er, but his articles left the reader
with exactly the opposite impres-
Another very important phase
of the Conference Walsh misre-
ported has to do with American
participation in the International
Union of Students (I.U.S.). He
implied first that the issue was
compromised. This is not so be-
cause the majority and minority
reports to the panel that handled
this problem correctly pointed out
that the National Continuations
Committee could not affiliate to
the I.U.S. Therefore, the maxi-
mum that the Conference itself
could do before the N.S.O. is form-
ed this June is send Bill Ellis, of
Harvard, to the February meeting
of the I.U.S. Executive Board.
Further Walsh completely twist-
ed a fact again when he said the
Catholic students' position was
"It's Communist dominated, we're
against it." I personally heard
Martin McLaughlin, of the Uni-
versity Section, Catholic Nation-
al Youth Council, introduce and
fight for a resolution that con-
tained this statement. "Whereas
there is general agreement on the
principle of participation in the
I.U.S." etc. The main point, again
missed by Walsh, made by all
viewpoints on this question was
the N.S.O. is the only body that
can decide this question.
I don't wish to continue further
pointing up the additional errors
in the articles but I do think it
important to give my general im-
pression of the Conference as dis-
tinct from the author of the Daily
series. The fact that nearly 700.
delegates and observers, from 295
colleges, and 22 national student
organizations met in the first place
is far more important than was
pointed out. This meeting is ac-
tually historic in the American
Student Movement and represents
the largest and broadest group
of students ever assembled from
our universities and colleges. Next,
despite Walsh's pessimism, the
meeting actually ended on a tone
of solidarity and determination to
build a democratic student organi-
zation representing 2 million col-
lege youth. A real spirit of unity
and eagerness to found an organ-
ization that would strive to ful-
fill the many needs like housing,
facilities of all kinds, free access to
education regardless of race or
creed, international student two-
way travel to help understanding,
increased wages for instructors,
mobilization of students, with
other strata of our people, to fight
for lasting peace, and many more.
The atmosphere in short, as we let
Chicago, foreshadowed a powerful,
broad and dynamic student move-
ment in the America which stu-
dents at Michigan can and must
take a part in building.
4b, 41 1
Prospects of War
F OURTEEN HUNDRED of the nation's
top industrialists and almost every high
ranking army officer in Washington will
meet behind closed doors in Chicago this
weekend to discuss the prospects of war
with the Soviet Union in five years.
The occasion will be the joint meeting
of the chemical warfare association and the
army ordnance association. High on the
agenda for hush-hush discussion panels
are such subjects as the Soviet Union as a
potential enemy of the United States, re-
cent developments in atomic and bacterio-
logical weapons, and the need for dispersal
of industrial plants in modern totalitarian
General Eisenhower will deliver a con-
fidential talk to this group today.
One of my history profs once said that
there are two kinds of wars - wars of
tension and wars of intention. Regardless
of our feelings toward Russia - be they
favorable or unfavorable - two facts must
1. Neither the United States nor the
Soviet Union at this time intends or de-
sires war against the other.
2. The tension, which already exists be-
tween the two nations, can very well lead
to war, if that tension is increased suf-
ficiently by talk and plans for war.
'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
That this closed door conference of our
industrial and military leaders in Chicago
will increase the tension, the mistrust, and
the fear on both sides cannot be denied.
Imagine, if you can, what its effect will be
on the Soviet people. Imagine what we
would think if 1,400 Soviet industrial and
military leaders met in Moscow to discuss
the prospects of war with the United States
in five years.
Such talk of war by our militarists and
industrialists makes doubly hard the task
of our diplomats who, we assume, are try-
ing to avert war and to build a strong
United Nations to preserve the peace. How
can we expect the Soviet leaders to take
seriously any peace proposal that General
Marshall might offer when Marshall's own
former subordinates are planning for war
with them in five years?
There is today a need for understand-
ing. Instead both nations are planning,
arming, and grabbing bases in prepara-
tion for war. Such actions can only in-
crease the tension and lead to a war
which neither nation wants.
If the American people are intent upon
their desire for peace, they would do well
to put a check on their mliitary and indus-
trial leaders who are at this very moment
planning for the next war.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Robert Goldman .....Managing Editor
clayton Dickey ............City Editor
Milton Freudenheim .Editorial Director
Mary Brush ...........Associate Editor
Ann Rutz...........Associate Editor
Paul Harsha ..........Associate Editor
Clark Baker ..............Sports Editor
Des Howarth ..Associate sports Editor
Jack Martin ...Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk ...........Women's Editor
Lynne Ford Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter ....Busliest Managel
......Associate Business Manager
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
ONE COMMENTATOR asks woefully why
we do not have enough civilian talent
to fill the high government posts to which
President Truman has lately been appoint-
from our bi-partisan "harmony" approach
to foreign policy. One result of the har-
mony between Mr. Truman and the Re-
publicans is a certain thinning out of
governmental policy. The firmer the har-
".- .N ~.I
-~ ~J - A, I