r THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1946
'U' vs. Contractors
LEST ANYONE become unduly anxious
for the eight-million-dollar building pro-
gram now under way on this campus and
under attack by local contractors, their
recent flare-up against the University should
be explained and clarified.
The substance of the disagreement, which
first arose last April, is concerned with the
importation of outside labor and the pay-
ment of higher wages than local contract-
ors are able to give their own workers, thus
jeopardizing the veterans' housing program
in Ann Arbor, they charge. They claim that
by paying double time to skilled laborers
for working Saturdays, the University is
"forcing local home-building to the break-
ing point," because, they say, no private
contractor in Ann Arbor, "forced to pay
56 hours' wages for 48 hours' work," can
profitably build a home under the Wyatt
program's $10,000 ceiling.
If the University does not maintain the
40-hour week, as was the agreement reached
last spring regarding all construction ex-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: MAL ROEMER
cept veterans' dormitories, local builders say
they may be "priced out of business."
The contractors claim to be taking a
"long view" of the matter, pointing out
that when this large University building
program is completed they will have to
rely on the normal amount of building in
On the other hand, the University policy
declared by Vice-President Robert P. Briggs,
claims that the 48-hour. week is necessary
for completion of housing and classroom
space as soon as possible and then Ann Ar-
bor cannot supply all the labor needed on
campus. He has pointed out that it is dif-
ficult enough to obtain sufficient labor from
outside points as well as from Ann Arbor
at the present wage-hour scale.
That the taxpayers' money, which the
contractors charge the University with
"squandering," might be saved by working
a shorter week has been noted by Briggs,
with a reminder, however, that no money
would really be saved if it means that the
buildings will not be ready by next fall.
The main point of contention seems to
be the relative importance of the local
long-range housing and building program
as compared to the immediate project con-
cerned with providing educational facilities
for returning veterans as soon as possible.
State Revenue Gap
STATE Legislature taxation committees
are now working over the problem of
filling the gap between the State's revenues
and its operating costs, caused by the adop-
tion of the sales tax diversion amendment
and the veterans' bonus at the November 5
Estimated income for the next fiscal year
is $225,000,000 and estimated costs are
$296,000,000, leaving a gap of $71,000,000
to be filled, according to acting state budget
director John A. Perkins.
State Legislature taxation committees
have agreed tentatively to obtain more rev-
enue by taking the 10 per cent liquor tax,
now bringing $12,000,000 a year to local
units of government, for itself, and keeping
the $2,500,000 in liquor license revenues
now paid to local government for liquor en-
forcement, according to Associated Press
Committee members have also agreed
tentatively to turn special education pro-
jects back to local government and take the
townships' share of the severance tax for
state purposes, according to the AP.
Also under consideration is a proposal
that the State take "two or three' mills of
the present local property tax, with the
possibility that the revenue *(approximately
$23,000,000) be earmarked for payment of
the bonus. It is claimed this will not in-
crease property taxes except in townships
which do not levy their full millage.
A flat rate income tax of perhaps one per
cent on every payroll is still under con-
sideration along with a one-cent increase
in the state gas tax, and placing all corpora-
tions under the corporation tax, estimated
to bring in another $8,000,000.
Thus while local units of government have
gained from the sales tax diversion amend-
ment, at the same time they will undoubt-
edly lose some of their present revenues to
the State for the payment of the veterans'
bonus, and the performance of other ser-
vices which we have come to expect from
our State government.
ANY MORAL irregularities in the Ameri-
can occupation forces of Germany and
Japan are merely repetitions of the occur-
rences in such armies down through his-
tory since the occupation activities of Cae-
sar's forces 19 centuries ago.
This point is brought out in a recent
magazine article on the subject of a Sen-
ate War Investigating Committee probe into
activities of American troops in these areas.
Although the article by no means belittles
the dangers arising from the "softening"
effects of occupation life on American
troops, it does point out that these dangers
are nothing new under the sun.
It is interesting to note that crime and
brutality in the handling of civilians in
occupation areas appears to be on the up-
swing. Black-market activities and misuse
of Army equipment are also prevalent, ac-
cording to the article.
In Germany, the rate of crime has been
higher than in Japan, due to the fact that
the latter country offers less opportunity
for looting and theft. Fraternization is
also less prevalent because of race differ-
It does not appear that these facts have
been concealed, or that evils could be rem-
edied by conducting an investigation. While
such activities should not be condoned
among our troops, the probe can do nothing
more concrete than exhibit more clearly
the fact that soldiers haven't changed much
in the last 19 centuries.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
ON WORLD AFFAIRS:
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
LAKE SUCCESS - Last week the Atomic
Bomb entered the august and garrulous
gathering known as the United Nations
"Get him out! Suppress him!" cried the
After long discussion it was evident even
to the most obtuse champions of "great
power supremacy" that in order to evict
the bomb, the United Nations would have
to evict the great-power veto. For the
bomb threat cannot be averted if anyone,
secretly or openly, is allowed to make or
possess atomic bombs. To be sure that
nobody is holding out, adequate interna-
tional supervision is necessary. But to be
adequate, such supervision must be free
There was nothing new in this. In pre-
senting the American scheme to the Atomic
Energy Commission last June, Bernard
Baruch made this point clear. Indeed, to this
writer it has been certain since the days
of Dumbarton Oaks and San Francisco
when the UN Charter was born, that sooner
or later the organization would have to
choose between the veto and peace.
A small-power attempt to get rid of
the veto, a four-big-power effort to pre-
serve the veto by limiting its use, a Soviet
-insistence on keeping and extending the
veto - these have dominated the present
Last Saturday, Sir Hartley Shaweross,
Britain's Nuremberg prosecutor, injected a
new piece of reality. To the UN Assembly
Political Committee he said bluntly:
"I do not understand how, of all people,
that the Soviet Government can suggest
that rockets, bacteriological warfare, other,
instruments of mass destruction, are not
at once to be abolished, that vast armies
with enormous quantities of long-range ar-
tillery can be maintained but the atom.
bomb must be prohibited, not merely as a
weapon against civilians but against the
vast armies, the cannon, the rocket launch-
"Obviously, these things must all go -
and I mean go - together."
This put the Soviet delegation squarely
on the spot. For - as Sir Hartley put it
-most people at Lake Success had become
convinced that in launching its disarma-
ment move, the Soviet Government was
bent on a "combination propaganda drive
and fishing expedition"! The Soviets
wished to pose as the champion of peace
through disarmament. They wished to
learn what they could about the arma-
ments of their possible adversaries while
revealing as little as possible of their
own. And quite evidently they wished,
if possible, to eliminate the atomic weapon
that they do not yet possess, while keeping
tight hold on all the other sorts of weap-
ons-huge ordinary armies, German-de-
vised rockets, etc.- whiich they either
possess now or expect to possess in the
To sum up:
Far sooner than its self-satisfied archi-
tects imagined, the United Nations has
reached Great Cross-roads. One way leads
to peace. It passes through disarmament
and the transformation of the present or-
ganization into limited world government
with an effective and an equable system of
The other way leads through a jungle
of verbiage into a swamp of permanent
futility from which the only exit is ulti-
The choice is clear and urgent. For atom-
ics will not wait.
(Copyright 1946, Press Alliance, Tne)
"Right now we're nursing him through a bad siege of social-
To the Editor:
MR. WARREN C. WHITE has
protested publicly to the al-
leged "unethical and highhanded"
conduct of Mr. Andrew Baker in
confiscating his football tickets.
Certain ambiguitiesin Mr. White's
letter have raised some questions
in my mind which I feel I have a
right to have answered in view of
the public manner in which the
issue has been raised. In short,
I should like to know if Mrs.
White did not use the tickets,
whether anyone else did.
It should be pointed out that
one guilty of misuse of his tickets
might well be "naively helpful,"
to use Mr. White's apt phrase, if
he were honestly mistaken and did
not know that such u s e was
wrongful. In other words, I won-
der whether Mr. White has not
misconstrued the "contract of
purchase" to which he was a par-
ty when he purchased the. tickets
on the representation that they
were for his wife. Undoubtedly
such representation was true. It
is also true that one's wife is not
required to attend the games.
But it must be remembered that
the football tickets are issued in
place of the first seven coupons
of the coupon book, which book
constituted the contract.
Letters to the Editor ...
Cop.1946 by Unted FeaturesyndicateIn.e
Tm. Reg. U. S. Pat. Off-All rights reserved
DwAILY OFFICIAL' BULLETIN
. . -
MAN TO MAN:
By HAROLD L. ICKES
IF ONLY for the way that it diddled the
American housewife out of the sugar that
was rightfullyhers, the Democratic Ad-
ministration deserved the defeat that it
received in the elections just past.
Such great protagonists of the common
people as Paul Porter and Chester Bowles,
the head of OPA and his predecessor, have
offered from time to time many reasons
why there isn't enough sugar for mother
to do her home canning, to turn out a batch
of cookieshfor the children, or to bake a pie
or cake now and then. They have cited the
destruction of sugar producing facilities,
the shortage of labor, the needs of ravished
Europe, the shipping strike, freight car
shortages, and so on ad nauseam. Now they
will have the coal strike to fall back upon.
True, all of these things have helped to
create a sugar shortage. But it is also true
that the shortage is not as great as these
master minds would have one believe.
The facts, according to OPA's own fig-
(1) This country this year is getting
about 80 per cent of the sugar that it
(2) If the American housewife actually
received 80 per cent of the sugar that she
got in pre-war days, she would have more
than 40 pounds of sugar a year for each
niember of her family.
(3) Actually, the American housewife-
the poor consumer about whom Federal
officials have wept so many bitter tears-
is now getting less than 15 pounds of
sugar a year for each member of her
household. In short she is getting just
25 per cent of what she got before Messrs.
Porter, Bowles, et al, began to sympathize
What has happened to the sugar that4
mother doesn't get any more makes a fas-
cinating story which throws considerable
light upon the ethics, the political morals,
the economic thinking and the administra-
tive skullduggery so prevalent in the ad-
ministration of that great Missourian, Harry
All of the sugar that the American house-
wife should get but isn't getting, is being
channeled by governmental decree into the
hands of industrial and commercial users.
Under the rationing rules and regulations,
any established user of sugar gets at least
half of the sugar that he got before the
war, and there are all sorts of ways -by which
he can get his allotment increased. Mr.
Porter and the OPA see to it that these
that just want sugar - must of course
apply through the OPA, presumably an
impartial governmental machine making
its decisions upon the basis of need. How
impartial it is may be gathered from the
fact that one of the greatest industrial
users of sugar in the country hired that
noted economist, James A. Farley, former
chairman of the Democratic party, to
plead its case. Of course, Mr. Farley is
not the only politico engaged in trying
to wheedle sugar out of the OPA for a
soft drink manufacturer. There are doz-
ens of them.
Nor is the manufacturer too much to
blame for thinking that a politician is the
best man to present his case. What else is
he to conclude when the organization to
which he must apply is headed by a political
pen-pusher who used to write blurbs for
the Democratic National Committee and
whose immediate predecessor was running
with all of his might for the job of governor
And who knows but that, in such circum-
stances, an industrial user of sugar might
be persuaded to fork over a bit of sugar for
the Democratic National Committee? Stran-
ger things have happened.
Certainly the American housewife is not
going to contribute any sugar of that sort.
The chances are she hasn't got any. What
the smart politicos who ran the OPA forgot
was that, while she might not have any
sugar, she had a vote. It would seem that
she used it.
(Copyright 1946, by the N.Y. Post Syndicate)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE more alarmed commentators are de-
claiming as one man that we have to
solve the labor problem in some fundament-
al way. They are right, of course. But most
of them seem to have litfle notion of how
one goes about finding a "fundamental" sol-
ution. Agood many play the game of warn-
ing labor that its next naughtiness will be
its last; that if there is one more unjustified
strike, an enraged Congress will come slowly
and menacingly out of its corner, weaying
and slavering, and that it will bite labor
in the neck, where the big vein lies.
Since we are talking about fundamentals,
let us be fundamental; and, actually, no
law, however toothy, would be a fundament-
al solution. Such action would merely raise
the struggle to a higher level of bitterness,
(Continued from Page 3)
p.m. Fri., Dec. 6, Rm. 3201, Angell
Hall. Dr. Tornheim will speak on
the "Valuation Theory."
Applied Mathematics meeting at
3:00 p.m., Dec. 4, Rm. 317 W. En-
gineering. Prof. Coburn continues
with his paper on "Supersonic
Flow." Te at 2:30, Rm. 315, W.
Engineering. Visitors are welcome.
Biological Chemestry Seminar
meet at 3:00 p.m., Fri., Dec. 6, Rm.
219, W. Medical Bldg. The subject
to be discussed will be "Estrogen
Hormones and Lipid Metabolism
in-the Fowi." All interested are in-
Seminar on Special Functions
meet at 10 o'clock today in
Room 340, W. Engineering. Mr.
Hansen will talk on Laguerre and
Salvatorre Baccaloni, distin-
guished basso buffo of the Metro-
politan Opera Association, will
be heard in the second extra con-
cert Thursday night, December 5,
at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium.
Mr. Baccaloni has built a spe-
cial program of opera and other
numbers in the performance of
which in the major opera houses
of the world he- has attained the
reputation of the outstanding
basso buffo of the day.
The public is requested to come
sufficiently early as to be seat-
ed on time, since doors will be
closed during numbers.
The University of Michigan
Symphony Orchestra, Wayne
Dunlap, conductor, will be heard
at 8:30 this evening, Hill Audito-
rium, assisted by Andrew B. White,
baritone, and Nelson Hauenstein,
flutist. The first half of the pro-
gram will be devoted to the works
of Brahms; the latter part will
consist of compositions by Ross
Lee Finney, Kent Kennan, and
The concert will be open to the
general public without charge.
Faculty Recital: William H.
Stubbins, clarinetist and Mary
McCall Stubbins, pianist, will pre-
sent a program of three sonatas
by Brahms, Saint-Saens, and
Hindemith at 8:30 Friday evening,
Dec. 6, Rackham Assembly Hall.
The publi2 is invited.
The Mueum of Art presents
Prints by George Rouault, an Afri-
can Negro Sculpture, in the gal-
leries of A'umni Memorial Hall,
Dec. 4-20: weekdays, except Mon-
days, 10:03-12:00, and 2:00-5:00;
Sundays 2 00-5:00. The public is
ThenCollege of Architecture and
Design presents an exhibition of
Advertising Art sponsored by the
Art Directois Club of Detroit. The
exhibition will be current from
Nov. 26 to Dec. 8 in the Galleries of
the Rackham School of Giaduate
India Art Exhibition presented
by Hindustan Association at Rack-
ham Building on Friday and
Saturday,Dec. 6 and 7, 4:00-10:00
p.m. All are invited.
University Radio Programs
Wednesday, 2:30 p.m., Station
WKAR, 870 Kc. "What Prospec-
tive Teachers Hope their Pupils
Will Learn about Mental Hygiene,"
Harlan D. Koch, Professor of Edu-
2:45 p.m., Station WKAR, 870
Kc. Woodwind Quintet. directed by
Russell S. Howland; Nelson
Hauensteia, flute; " Bernard Po-
land, oboe; Earl Bates, clarinet;
Charles Jaricich, horn; William
3:30 p.mn, Station WPAG, 1050
Kc. Campus News.
Meeting of the School Science
Division at 7:45 tonight, Rackham
Amphitheatre. Coffee will be
Graduate History Club meeting
at 8 o'clock tonight, main room of
Clements Library. Prof. A.E.R.
Boak will speak on "Recent Devel-
opments in the Historiography of
the Near East." Refreshments will
be served, and all graduate his-,
tory students are invited. Entrance
will be by 'ihe rear door of the li-
Botanical Journal Club meet at
7:30 tonight, Rm. 1139, Natural
Science iPdg. The following pa-
pers will b reviewed: "Aerobiology
in relation to plant disease," by
Stakman and Christensen, re-
viewed by ElaineDeBrine; "On
fungal damage to sun-exposed
cotton duck " by Zuck and Diehl,
reviewed by Alma Dietz; "Types of
defense reactions in plants," by
Gaumann. reviewed by Martha
Kotila. Refreshments will be
served. Chairman, F. K. Sparrow.
Romance Language Journal
Club meeting at 4:15 today, East
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Program: Prof. Nelson Eddy,
"Menehdez y Pelayo, Pardo Bazan
and Pereda--criticism "
Prof. Newton Bement, "After
the Sound and the Fury."
Graduate students of the de-
partment are cordially invited.
AIME: The newly formed Stu-
dent Chap or of the American In-
stitute of Mining and Metallurgi-
cal Engineers business meeting at
4:30 today. Seminar Room, E. En-
Field Trip to the Ford Plant on
Thursday, Jec. 5, in conjunction
with the -A. I. Ch. E. Buses will
leave from in front of the East
Eng. Building at 12 noon. The fee
is payable to Ed Lau.
Michigan Wolverines meeting
at 6:45 tcday, Union. Members
note time change.
AVC Weekly Record Hop, 2:30-
5:30 today, League Ballroom.
Everyone is welcome.
Patrons Committee of Soph
Cabaret meeting at 7 o'clock
tonight, League. See bulletin board
in League main lobby for room
Hindustan Association Members
-'Ensian picture will be taken at
8:15 tonight, Room 316, Union.
Delegates will be nominated for
the forthcoming H.S.A.A. conven-
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Choir rehearsal at 8 o'clock to-
night. Anyone interested is in-
Economics Club at 8:00 p.m.
Mon., De 9, Rackham Amphi-
theatre. "China's Postwar Prob-
lems," by Dr. D. K. Lieu. Business
Administration and Economics
staff and graduate students in-
Association of U. of M. Scien-
tists Discussion Group on Atomic
Energy Cntrol meet at 7:15 p.m.,
Dec. 5, East Council Room, Rack-
ham Bldg All interested are wel-
Association of U. of M. Scien-
.tists meet at 5:00 p.m., Sat., Dec.
7, Rackham Amphitheatre. Dr.
Raymond L. Zwemer of the United
States Department of State will
speak on the subject, "Coopera-
tion in Science for Peace." The
public is invited.
Foresters' Club meeting at 7:30
-p.m.,Thuis., Dec. 5, Room 2054,
Natural Ecience Bldg. Refresh-
Soph Cabaret final dress re-
hearsals, Thurs., Dec. 5, and Fri.,
Dec. 6, Lydia MVendelssohn Thea-
tre. Members of cast and stage
committees report at 6:45 p.m.
and be in costume and ready by
7:15 p.m. Members will be ex-
cused from Choral Union prac-
tice by turning in their names at
the office in Burton Tower. Late
permission until 11:30 will be
granted for the Thursday night
J- Hop Publicity Committee
meeting at 4:00'p.m. Thurs., Dec.
5, Union. The room will be post-
ed on the Bulletin Board.
Camp Counselors' Club meeting
at 7:30 p.m., Thurs., Dec. 5, W.A.
Bldg. Diszussion of "Types of
Camps and Counsellor Opportuni-
ties." All women students are in-
Annual Spanish Play tryouts at
4:00 p.m., Thurs. and Fri., Dec. 4
and 5, Room 408, Romance Lan-
guage Bldg All Spanish students
Christmas Party, Candy Cane
Caper, on Saturday evening, Dec.
Underwriters' weekly Thursday
luncheon at 12 o'clock, Russian
Tea Room, League.
It is clearly printed on the
face of such books "Wives Ath-
letic Coupon Book" and that it
is "non-transferable." On the
reverse side it states: "Void and
Subject of Forfeiture if Present-
ed by Other Than Original
Owner." These statements are
further elucidated on the inside
of the front cover. They are in
no way ambiguous.
In view of the serious nature of
Mr. White's charges and the sug-
gestion that Mr. Baker's accounts
require auditing, I think he ought
to clarify his statements and tell
us why his tickets were taken
from him by Mr. Baker.
'* * *
Apology Offered ...
To the Editor:
j WOULD like to rescind my re-
cent blast at the powers-that-be
and the M-Club over the question
of charging at the pep rally be-
fore the Illinois game and the
selling of programs at the foot-
I have been forcefully reminded,
to my chagrin, that the money
from the admissions to the pep
rally sent the band to the Ohio
State game and the boys in the
M-Club make but two cents per
copy on the programs and have
to help sweep up the stadium after
After watching the band sweat
out those formations night after
night at Ferry Field, I know they
deserved that trip. Apologies to
the band and to the M-Club.
For Understanding .. .
EDITOR'S NOTE: This letter was
submitted in the form printed. Per-
haps it is significant that the writer
is a member of the Perspectives staff.
To the Editor:
i wish to answer a recent pro-
test by a mr shaffer in regard to
the distinguished presence of w h
chamberlin at our university. mr
shaffer should not by the way,
strain the use of quotations in
reference to a writer like mr
chamberlin. i am sure mr cham-
berlain meant them to have more
innocent connotations than those
surely mr shaffer would not dis-
approve of the history depart-
ments using a certainpointofview
in their approach to further un-
derstanding of the britishlabor-
party. it 'is only fair for the his-
tory department to get anyone-
theyplease and it is difficult for
any one man to represent his ex-
perience from more than a single
pointofview. perhaps mr shaffer
doesnt approve of the validity of
mr chamberins angle .. . im sure
though that mr chamberlin knows
best about that.
i think is good that we get mr
chamberlins attitude and experi-
ences; they do much to fortify
mr shaffer harps on hitler too
much. forget him.
would mr shaffer desire that
comrad stalin give a lecture for
the history department? let us be
reasonable, mr shaffer, above all!
a university is a university and a
man is a man, mr chamberlin is
his own business and that of the
history department and that of
the englishlaborparty. or
EDITOR'S NOTE: No letter to the
editor will be printed unless signed
and written in good taste. Letters
over 300 words in length will be
shortened or omitted; in special in-
stances, they will be printed, at the
discretion of the editorial director.
tx. t FtYt 'Batta
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authority of the Board in Control of
Robert Goldman,....,Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim .Editorial Director
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Ann Kutz ............Associate Editor
Paul Ilarsha ..,........Assoiate 'Editor
Clark Baker. .........Sports Editor
Des Howarth -Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin ...Associate Sports 'ditor
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