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December 01, 1946 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-12-01

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FASCIST
HORROR
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

A&
juat

SNOW FLURRIES
AND COOLER

VOL. LVII, No. 59

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DEC. 1, 1946

Yt(4 II FIE VENTI

10

Fu.r -E; Pay

Boost

Voted

to

'U' Facul

ty

.
l

Government

Acts

To

Fine

Strikers

Ruthven Says Rise
In Cost of Living
Necessitates Raise

k

Miners' Fees
Put in Union
Medical Fund
Operators May
Remove Burke
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30-The
government acted today to chalk
up retroactive fines against the
individual miners for each. day of
the soft coal strike while pros-
pects for an out-of-court settle-
ment waned.
The fines, $1 to $2 for each day
of idleness will not be collected,
however, until the miners go back
to work and they can be deducted
from paycnecks. And the proceeds
will go to the union's own medical
fund, administered solely by it.
Union Maps Strategy
Undeterred by this move, coun-
sel for John L. Lewis and the
United Mine Workers mapped
fresh strategy for their legal bat-
tle against the government which
resumes Monday. They plan an
appeal to the United States Cir-
cuit Court of Appeals if the Fed-
eral District Court ruling goes
against them, it was learned, and
they hope that any contempt of
court sentence may be stayed un-
til it is decided.
The private operators of the
Southern Coal Producers Associa-
tion, called to meet here Monday,
may remove Edward R. Burke as
president, said one industry of-
ficial, fo his announcement
Thursday ,;hat "we are willing to
talk" with Lewis on "wages, hours
and everything else." Ten directors
have repudiated Burke's state-
ment.
Lay-offs Increase
As the nationwide walkout of
the 400,000 bituminous miners
passed its tenth day, the number
of steel, factory and other work-
ers laid off in the creeping indus-
trial paralysis climbed close to
100,000. Another 167,000 were on
furlough from fuel-starved fac-
tories for tne Thanksgiving week-
end.
The fines against the individ-
ual miners were authorized in un-
ion agreements with private op-
erators and carried forward in
the government contract- which
Lewis claims is terminated and the
government contends is still in
force. They were designed to give
the union a weapon for preventing
"wildcat" srikes which it did not
authorize.
Nazi Generals
Sentenced to
Firing Squad
ROME, Nov. 30-(P)-Death be-
fore a firing squad was ordered
today by a British military tribun-
al for two German generals found
guilty of the reprisal massacre of
335 Italians in Rome's Ardeatine
Caves a little more than two
months before Allied troops liber-
ated that city in 1944.
Col. Gen. Eberhard Von Mack-
ensen, commander of the German
14th Army which fought at An-
zio Beachhead, and Lt. Gen. Kurt
Maeltzer, head of the Rome garri-
son, received the verdict calmly.
The court decreed the firing
squad after connsel for Von Mack-
ensen asked that he be granted

"the clean death of a soldier-
death through shooting." Such a
plea was spurned for the top Nazis
tried before the international mil-
itary tribunal at Nuernberg.
The court room audience, which
had been cautioned against any
demonstration, received the news
of the sentence in silence except
for an aged woman who merely
murmured "grazie" (thanks).
Construction of Gas

40 Hour Week Urged
On 'U' by Contractors

SOUND TO SIGHT-Dr. George A. Kopp, associate professor of speech and research associate at
the University, records a speech pattern on electri cally sensitive paper by use of the Bell Telephone
Laboratories' New "acoustical spectograph."
* * * * * *

'EYES FOIR EARS':
'U' Equipment Helps Teach
Deaf Children How To Hear'

The equipment Alexander Gra-
ham Bell wanted to invent more
than anytiing else is now at work
at the University teaching deaf
children to "hear."
Under a cooperative project
with the Bell laboratories, the
University and Michigan State
Normal College have developed
two new instruments which en-
able the deaf to "use their eyes
for ears."
Study Favors
Guarantee of
Annual Wage
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30-(/')-
A government study held today
that a guarsnteed annual wage for
workers can help stabilize the
economy and point the way to en-
during prosperity.
The. findings were contained in
an interim report made public by
Murray W. Latimer, former chair-
man of the National Railroad Re-
tirement Board and director of
the study, which was made at
White House direction.
Many industrialists have op-
posed the wage guarantee' idea on
the ground they would lose a great
deal of morey if required to con-
tinue paying wages for as long as
a year to workers they had to lay
off.
Latimer's report held that even
in most seasonal industries, wage
guarantees can be granted with-
out increasing costs to employers
by more than six per cent if co-
ordinated with the existing sys-
tem of state unemployment com-
pensation.
The report urged that the fed-
eral and state governments take
steps-by broadening present un-
employmen- compensation benefits
and extending special tax exemp-
tions-to Encourage more wide-
spread acceptance of the guaran-
teed wage plan.
UA WDiscloses
Insurance Plan.
DETROIT, Nov. 30-(MP)-The
CIO United Auto Workers today
disclosed details of a comprehen-
sive, employer -financed social in-
surance program being sought in
all n~ltt where the uninn's con-

This is the objective for which
Bell was striving when he invented
the telephone 70 years ago. Both
his mother and his wife were
deaf, and he began his career as
a teacher of correct speech, par-
ticularly with deaf children, fol-
lowing in the footsteps of his fa-
ther .and his grandfather.
One of the two instruments, the
"acoustical spectograph" produces
speech patterns on paper. Its use
is being studied by Prof. George
A. Kopp of the speech depart-
ment, director of the five-year re-
search program.
The spectograph, which is,¢lo-
cated at the Institute of Human
Relations' speech clinic, is about
the size of a table-modelradio-
phonograph. On top of the in-
strument is a spinning drum on
which a specially sensitized paper
has been wrapped. A tiny metal
finger transmits varying voice
currents from, a microphone to
the paper, which turns varying
shades of black in accordance
with different currents.
See HEARING AIDS, Page 6
Mrs. M. D'Ooge
Die~s at Home
Mrs. Martin L. D'Ooge, one of
the last representatives of the "old
times" at Michigan, passed away
at 6 p.m. yesterday at her home
at 1523 Wasbtenaw.
Mrs. D'Ooge'si husband, before
his death was head of the Greek
department and dean of the liter-
ary college.
Mrs. D'Ooge, who was 97 years
old, had lived in her home on
Washtenaw, which was a wedding
gift from her father, for the past
74 years. She was a patroness of
Pi Beta Phi, and one of the orig-
inal members of Mrs. Angell's,
Monday Club.

Galens Annual
Tag Drive Will
Beoin Frday
Funds Support 'Kids'
Shop at 'U' Hospital
By GAY LARSEN
Realizing that all too often hos-
pital confinement means a period
of dreary tdium to usually active
youngsters. the Galens' Honorary
Medical Society in 1928 bought
lathes, power saws, paints and
tools, hire-] an instructor and
opened a workshop on the ninth
floor of University Hospital.
Since that time, the Galen Shop
has been available for brightening
the hours of some 900 hospitalized
children y.-rly by allowing them
to hammer saw, design and create
things bot for tnemselves and as
gifts for ethers.
The Ga en Shop. however, is
subject to Tae same problem which
confronts evcry philanthropic un-
dertaking. The paints and tools,
the leather and the clay cost
money. For the past 18 years the
Galens' Annual Christmas Drive,
which will be held this year on Fri-
day and Saturday, has provided
the funds to keep the shop oper-
ating.
Children come to the shop in
casts and bandages, on crutches
and in wheelchairs and some are
even wheeled in on beds. The work
is kept simple enough to be done
even with the handicap of re-
straining casts and braces.
Right now the "kids" in the
shop are beginning to feel the tin-
gle of excitement that goes with
Christmastime. Funds from Gal-
ens' drives are used to keep that
excitement high and ease some of
the lonesomeness and homesick-
ness that come to a youngster
spending Christmas away from
home. Many of the children are
at work now on tie-racks, book-
ends and oher gifts for the folks
at home and are eagerly waiting
See GALENS, Page 6

Local Group Claims
Agreement Breach
Protesting "premium pay" to
outside laborers and uring a re-
turn to the 40-hour work week, lo-
cal contractors yesterday rekin-
dled a seven-month old contro-
versy with the University ,which
began last April when the Uni-
versity was charged with throt-
tling the Ann Arbor veterans
housing construction program.
Twenty-three members of the
Ann Arbor General Contractors
Association met Friday with local
state repcesentatives Lewis G.
Christman and Joseph E. Warner
in a downtown hotel, where they
accused the University of "squan-
dering the taxpayers' money" and
undermining the housing program
by paying construction 'workers
higher wages than private con-
tractors could meet.
By paying double time to
skilled laborers for working Sat-
urdays, the University was charged
with forcing local home-building
to the "breaking point," adding
that no private contractor, "forced
to pay 56 hour wages for 48 hours'
work" could profitably build un-
der the Federal Housing Adminis-
tration's $10,000 ceiling.
The contractors gave notice that
they will carry their fight to the
State Legislature to force the Uni-
versity to stick to a 40-hour week
which was abandoned two weeks
ago when the whole University
building program went back to a
48-hour week, "in direct contradic-
See 'U' CHARGED, Page 6
Outbursts of
Violence Flare
InJerusalem
JERUSALEM, Nov. 30-()-A
second attack was made tonight
on the police station in Jerusalem's
Mahaneh Yehudah quarter in one
of -the most intense outbursts of
violence in the Holy Land during
recent years.
The second attack, which began
about 9 p.m., started when ma-
chinegun 1ire was directed at the
station from several nearby house-
tops and oolice fired back. A
second series of explosions which
occurred shortly afterward was
possibly caused by the detonation
of road mines.
The police appeared to be pur-
suing the attackers toward the
rocky ravines north and west of
Jerusalem, where red and white
tracer bullets could be seen in the
darkness.
First reports said troops had
been shot in the western part of
the city, where several road mines
were found. Unconfirmed reports
said two Jews, and a British po-
liceman had been slightly wound-
ed.
Students To isit
St. Mary's Chapel
The Workshop for Understand-
ing between Faiths will visit St.
Mary's Catholic Chapel, 503 E.
William, at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow.
Rev. Frank J. McPhillips, priest
at St. Mary's Chapel, will explain
the liturgy and the doctrine of the
mass to the students of the Work-
shop.

Briggs Cites Need
To Keep Schedule
University Vice-President Ro-
bert P. Briggs declared yesterday
that "the University of Michigan
has not disagreed with the prin-
ciple of the 40-hour week and
has followed it whenever possible."
The University's problem,
Briggs pointed out, is to maintain
a work schedule that "will enable
us to complete housing and class-
room space for the many thous-
ands of veterans who have come
and will come to the University
for their education."
Because Ann Arbor cannot sup-
ply sufficient labor to carry out
the University's construction pro-
gram, Briggs said that workers
must be brought here from outside
the city and that such workers
usually will not come for a 40-
hour week, or even a 48-hour
week.
He noted that at present 120
carpenters and 30 masons are
needed, as well as more plasterers,
plumbers and electricians in the
near future to prevent further de-
lay in construction.
"For example," he said, "on
Monday we must move masons
who are working on a men's
dormitory to the veterans' apart-
ment buildings because those
units are ready to be closed in.
Naturally, this will delay progress
on the dormitory."
The University "will naturally
be pleased to have the contractors
go to a shorter work week," he
said, "admitting that this would
save money." But he added that
"no money would be saved if the
shorter work means that the
buildings will not be ready by
next fall."
Briggs expressed fear that fail-
ure to complete the buildings
might lead not only to financial
loss but would interfere with the
educational plans of veterans." He
termed the result "a loss not only
to the veterans but to society."
Most Students
Fail to Claim
Game Tickets
Only one-third of the student
body and athletic coupon book
holders claimed rationed tickets to
Michigan's 1946-47 home basket-
ball games last week, Andrew S.
Baker, athletic ticket manager,
announced yesterday.
"No more tickets will be distrib-
uted," Baker said, adding that
students and coupon book holders
"had their chance" to get guaran-
teed admissions.
He said a plan is being consider-
ed for disposal of remaining seats
in Yost Field House under which
doors would be opened first to
ticket holders and then for gen-
eral admission of students and
holders of coupon books.
The ticket rationing plan, pro-
posed by the athletic committee
of the Student Legislature, was set
up to guarantee admission to two
home games-one each semester
-to students and holders of cou-
pon books, since the seating capa-
city of Yost Field House is only
6,744.
The Stanford and Northwestern
games, which will be played dur-
ing the Christmas holiday, will be
unrationed.

ALEXANDER G. RUTH VEN
. . . announces salary raise
Ticket Hearing
Will Be Held
To morrow
The Judiciary Committee hear-
ing for the 185 students charged
with holdikt.gsfraudulent football
tickets will be held at 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow in Kellogg Auditorium.
The students will be given a
chance to plead guilty or not
guilty, Seymour Chase, chairman
of the Committee, pointed out, but
a maximum penalty will be rec-
ommended for those who plead in-
nocent and are later proved guilty.
The Committee, composed of
Student Legislators Robert Tay-
lor, Terrell Whitsitt, Hack Cop-
lin, Henry Kassis and Lou Orlin,
does not impose penalties itself,
Chase emphasized. It recom-
mends penalties to the University
Disciplinary Committee.
The students to be tried tomor-
row were arraigned on evidence
produced by the Judiciary Com-
mittee's check of ticket holders in
sections 26, 27 and 28. An earlier
check of sections 24 and 25 was
followed by a hearing of 16 under-
classmen.
Student Directory
Sales Will Begin
The fattest Student Directory in
University history containing 403
pages of information on 18,000
students and 1,000 faculty mem-
bers will go on sale tomorrow.
Phone numbers and both Ann
Arbor and home addresses of stu-
dents and faculty are listed. Data
on campus organizations and resi-
dences iso also given.
The cost of the Directory is one
dollar. It will be sold from sta-
tions on campus, in the League
and Union and in local book-
stores.

They are: (1) Rise of the
cost of living; (2) Increased
responsibility of educational in-
stitutions have multiplied their
need for trained personnel;
and (3) Large demand for the
services of university faculty
members throughout the nation
by government and industry.
The wage adjustment upward
is the result of comprehensive
studies carried on by the execu-
tive branch of the University, he
stated.
Following is the text of Dr.
Ruthven's statement:
"During the past year, we have
been faced with unprecedented
conditions in our attempts to
maintain the instruction and re-
search staff of the University."
"Because of developments grow-
ing out of the war, there has been
a large d mrand from government
and industry for the services of
men who hold positions on the
faculties of colleges and univer-
stes"n
"In addition, the very large
responsibilities placed upon
these insututions for the edu-
cation of veterans have multi-
plied their need for trained
personnel at a time when it is
not available."
"This waole problem has been
accentuated by the marked
2hanges in the cost of living dur-
ing the past year .and by the in-
creases in the general level of
salaries and wages. Because of the
'mperative reed for action at this
time, the Regents have author-
ized a general increase in salaries
and wages and have given it im-
;nedate effect."
"In the case of the faculty, this
increase represents 10 per cent on
basic salaries. In the case of mem-
bers of the clerical staff, salaries
have been adjusted to the present
State Civil Service rates. The wage
rates for hourly employes have
been adjusted to reflect the in-
creases in wage rates in' the area."
"The adjustment is the result of
comprehensive studies upon which
the executive officers of the Uni-
versity hale been engaged for sev-
eral months."
Iranian Health
Leader Visits
Malaria Control Most
Urgent Public Goal
Malaria control is the primary
goal of the Iranian Ministry of
Public Heath's new program of
health welfare, Dr. H. Hafezi, head
of the ministry's statistical and
publicity department said in an
interview yesterday.
Dr. Hafezi, who has been visit-
ing the University for the past
week, is assistant to Dr. Bennett
Avery, American adviser to the
ministry and graduate of the Med-
ical School.
During a six-month stay in this
country, Dr. Hafezi has made a
tour of suen public health centers
as the National Institute o
Health in Washington and ma-
larial control centers in Georgia
and Louisiana's Leprosarium.
Dr. Hafezi, who was appointed
delegate to the . United Nations
Health Conference in New York
said that although Iran's fight
against malaria started only three
years ago, fatalities from the dis-
ease have Keen cut 50 per cent.

Clerical Staff Salaries Adjusted to
Present State Civil Service Rates
By ROBERT GOLDMAN
A 10 per cent pay boost has been voted by the Board of Regents
to teaching personnel at the University, Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven,
President, disclosed last night.
The raise is effective immediately and applies to all teach-
ing personnel from teaching fellow to full professor.
In addition, salaries of the University's clerical staff have been
adjusted to present State Civil Service rates.
Wage rates for hourly employees have been adjusted "to reflect
the increases in wages in the area."
In a statement to The Daily, Dr. Ruthven listed three main rea-
* * * Osons for the pay increase:

PROFESSORS PROTEST PROPOSAL:
Repression of British Literature Decried

By GLORIA BENDET
Proposals to reduce the pres-
tige of Shakespeare, Shelley,
Keats and other English classicists
in American school curricula,
made at the annual meeting of
the National Council of 'eachers

is not so exclusively British as has
been commonly supposed."
Prof. Frank L. Huntley, in crit-
icizing the proposed changes, said
that the greatest works in the
English language have been writ-

gestion to eliminate Greek phil-
osophers from our schools and
start with John Dewey.
Prof. Rennett Weaver repud-
iated the propsed reforms, say-
ing that British authors are

In defending the high place of
British classicists in our curricula,
Prof. Amos R. Morris maintained
that "we would gain little by sub-
stituting our own idols for the
British."

Weaver favor the inclusion of
American writers in literature
courses to a greater degree than
now exists. "Strong courses in
American literature are good for
the develonment and reengnition

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