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November 30, 1946 - Image 1

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'UNBEATABLE
VA SYSTEM
See Page 2

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

:43A&
1ip

CLOUDY,
WARMER

VOL. LVII, No. 58 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOV. 30, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Soviet Begins To
WithdrawTroops
In German Zone
May Divide Region into Five States;
New Policy Approaches 'U.. Plan
By The Associated Press
BERLIN, Nov. 29-Large scale withdrawals of Soviet troops appar-
ently were under way in Russian-occupied Germany today amid in-
dications that Russian policy toward Germany was undergoing ma-
jor change placing it more in line with views of the United States and
Britain.
Reports of the withdrawals cane from both American and Ger-
man sources and Maj. Gen. Frank A. Keating, acting American deputy
-,military governor, said, "We be-

Of ficials Claim
U.S. Might Lift
Sugar Control
Dairy Company Suit
May Scrap Rationing
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29'-(T)-
Complete scrapping of the govern-
ment's sugar rationing program
was viewed as a' possibility by top
officials tonight as the result of a
federal court attacking OPA's
sugar distribution regulations.
In giving this interpretation, one
official explained to, a reporter
that the suit, filed by the Maple
Leaf Dairies, Inc., of Brooklyn,
N.Y., strikes at the very basis of
sugar rationing regulations.
Under attack is OPA's use of the
"base period system's for arriving
at amounts of sugar to be allotted
to industrial and institutional
users.
"If this system goes out," said
the official, who declined use of his
name, "it is possible that the en-
tire sugar rationing program would
go, to all practical purposes."
The firm, which has a sweet-
ened condensed milk plant a
Neenah, Wis., obtained a tempor-
ary injuncuion Wednesday to pre-
vent OPA from issuing sugar ra-
tions under an amendment to its
regulations affecting that indus-
try.
The amendment provides that if
firms were not engaged in manu-
facturing sweetened condensed
milk prior to August, 1946,, they
would get no sugar.
No allocations can be made by
OPA under that amendment pend-
ing a hearing on the suit set for
December 4 before Federal Judge
T. Alan Goldsborough, who now is
hearing the government's con-
tempt of court charge against
UMW chief John L. Lewis.
U.S. Removes
Grain Controls
Change Due to Huge
Crop, Truman Says
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29-(A)-
The government today removed
restrictions on domestic use of
flour and granted distillers and
brewers permission to use more
grain for making whisky and beer.
These changes, which President
Truman announced were made
possible by bountiful crops, became
effective Dec. 1.
Specifically:
(1) Millers may sell all the flour
for domestic distribution that they
can.
(2) Distillers may use unlimited
quantities of low grade corn for
making distilled spirits. Retained,
however, was a prohibition against
the use of wheat and limitations
on the use cf rye.
(3) Brewers may use, for the
quarter beginning Dec. 1, as much
grain as in the corresponding
months of 1945 or 1946, ? the
case may be. However, nu wheat
and only veiy limited quantities of
rice may be used. Brewers have
been limited to 90 per cent of the
grain they used a year ago.
Tale-Spin Ticket
Sales Will Begin
Campus ticket sales for "Soph
Tale-Spin," to be presented from
8:30 p.m. to midnight Saturday,
Dec. 7, in the League, will begin
Monday.

The tickets will be sold from 10

lieve the Russians are moving
some of their troops back to Rus-
sia as Marshall Sokolovsky (Soviet
commander-in-chief in Germany)
informed Gen. McNarney and my-
self at A'lied Control Council
meetings."
Policy Reversed
Official German sources dis-
closed that the Russian zone of
Germany would be divided soon
into five states, each with a sep-
arate state legislature and govern-
mnent, The plan, similar to that'
in the U. S. and British zones, rep-
resented a reversal of Soviet pol-
icy which called for a strong cen-
tral government for Germany.
The new policy may indicate that
the Russians are preparing to fol-
low Secretary of State Byrnes'
call for a federated Germany with
power divided between the states
and a central regime.
No authoritative information
was availaole on the number of
Russian troops involved in the re-
deployment, but a German cor-
respondent who returned recently
from Thuringia said the movement
there was "something terrific."
May Prepare for Visits
There also was the possibility
the Russians were getting in readi-
ness for the visits to all four zones
of four-power teams to check on
the progress of liquidation of Ger-
man war Industry.
Attlee Acts To
Avert Indian
r Civil Conflict
LONDON, Nov. 29-()-Prime
Minister Attlee conferred today
with the three members of the
cabinet mission to India and pre-
pared to take the lead himself in
an eleventh hour effort to save the
British plan for Indian indepen-
dence and avert the threat of civil
war in the huge subcontinent.
At a five-day conference here
next week Attlee will try to batter
down the obstacles to all-party
par.icipation in the Indian Consti-
tuent Assembly scheduled to meet
Dec. 9 to write a charter for In-
dian independence.
Attlee conferred with Sir Staf-
ford Cripps, Lord Pethwick-Law-
rence and A. V. Alexander, mem-
bers of the cabinet mission, and a
government informant said the dis-
cussions were "preliminary" to
next week's roundtable meetings.
He said briefs and arguments were
prepared for next week's talks,
and emphasized that there was lit-
tle chance that Britain would
amend further the existing plan
for Indian independence.

Ilini Get
Invitation
To Classic
Opponent for Jan. 1
Is Undefeated UCLA
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Nov. 29 - Illinois,
1946 gridiron champion of the
Western Conference, will battle
undefeated, untied UCLA in Pasa-
dena's famed Rose Bwl New
Year's Day.
The "Fighting Illini," trium-
phant in six out of seven Confer-
ence games, were the choice of the
Conference faculty representa-
tives, who today communicated
their votes to Kenneth L. Wilson,
conmissioner of athletics, at Chi-
cago.
Illini Boast Defense
Illinois, lacking a glittering of-
fense, will go into the New Year's
Day classic boasting bulldog te-
nacity and courage. Few teams in
Conference history have displayed
better defensive ability. Victori
ous over Michigan, Ohio State,
Iowa, Wisconsin, Purdue and
Northwestern, Illinois yielded only
to Indiana, defending champion,
14-6, in 'Big Nine" competition.
Champaign, a University com-
munity of 50,000 was elated over
Illinois' acceptance, marking the
end of the "Big Nine's" 26-year
old ban on bowl contests.
Most members of the squad were
absent frcm the campus on a
Thanksgiving vacation. Gone, too,
were Ray Eliot, head football
coach, and Ralph Fletcher, back-
field coach, who flew to Los An-
geles to scout UCLA in its final
game of the regular season tomor-
row.
Will Resume Practice Dec. 15
The faculty committee on ath-
letics at Illinois lost no time in ac-
cepting the bid. Decision was
reached after a brief session and
Commissiorer Wilson was quickly
notified.
This was the same committee
which a month ago voted against
a Western Conference-Pacific
Coast five-year tieup.
The Illi-iois squad will resume
football practice at Champaign
Dec. 15 'ar'd will entrain for Los
Angeles Dec. 20 to get in a week's
practice on the coast to acclimate
the players to the 70 degree tem-
perature usually prevailing at
Pasadena New Year's Day.
The squad is in excellent shape
except for Eernie Krueger, reserve
quarterback, who suffered a frac-
tured leg leading Illinois to its
final victory of the season over
Northwestern ten days ago.
Jewish .Entry
Ban Sustained
JERUSALEM, Nov. 29-(AP)-
The Palestine Supreme Court up-
held today the right of the British
government to bar the entry into
the Holy Land of nearly 4,0001
Jewish immigrants and, despite
the threat of reprisals from the
Stern gang, the government an-1
nounced they would be sent im-
mediately to Cyprus.
Jewish attorneys obtained a
writ of habeas corpus Monday de-
manding that the Palestine gov-
ernment show cause why the 3,-
854 refugees should be deported.
On Tuesday the Jews were trans-
ferred from the freighter Hameri
Haivra (Lochita) to three British
troop ships, but only after a nine-
hour battle in which two Jews
were killed.

mne

wners

Attempt

To

Strikers for
Shutdown I

Every

lits

WI

Many Miners
Have Gotten.
Last Full Pay
Emergency Credit
Given in Field Stores
By The Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 29-The
nine-day old coal miners' shut-
down hit home harder than ever
today while the unemployed in re-
lated industries remained steady
at slightly more than 90,000 but
with an additional 175,000 fur-
loughed until Monday to conserve
the nation's rapidly dwindling sup-
ply of bituminous fuel.
Many miners in parts of Ken-
tucky, Pennsylvania and West
Virginia received their last full
pay today, or will tomorrow, until
such time as they return to the
pits abandoned when John L.
Lewis, head of the AFL United
Mine Workers, terminated the con-
tract with the U. S. government.
Some firms already have paid off
for work done previous to the
walkout.
The Pocahontas Operators
Association said the Pocafield
company stores in West Virginia
were following the policy of no
credit but may make exceptions
in an emergency. A spokesman
for the Koppers stores said they
have been instructed to give no
credit except in emergency and
then on groceries only. Others,
however, were reported carry-
ing good credit risks.
While the unemployed picture
at the Pittsburgh and Youngstown
plants of Carnegie-Illinois Steel
Corp. improved wtih only 1,500
furloughed as compared to 3,200
two days ago, the National Tube
Co. laid off 2,100 workers. How-
ever, between 8,000 and 9,000 at
Carnegie-Illinois, where 89 of the
120 open hearths are shut down,
are on part time, cleaning and re-
pairing various parts of the steel
works.
Carnegie-Illinois reported a loss
of 56,000 tons and National Tube
3,000 tons since the start ofrthe
coal walkout. Six hundred Car-
negie-Illinois employes were laid
off at its Vandergrift plant, where
until today all 11 open hearths had
been kept in operation.
The Chesapeake and Ohio
Railway reported it had laid off
42,500 of its employes and anoth-
er 350 river and tugboat crews
were without work at Hunting-
ton, W. Va Out in the far-West
Utah reported lay offs totalling
nearly 350 and such a shortage
of gas, manufactured from coal,
that it had been turned off ex-
cept for cooking purposes in
Provo, Springville and Spanish
Fork. Approximately 1,000
Homes, 200 business houses, five
schools and Brigham Young
University are without heat.
The Nickel Plate Railroad fur-
loughed 500 and the Pere Mar-
quette 150.
The biggest temporary layoff
came in the Detroit area where
the Ford, Chrysler, and Hudson
motor companies and many les-
ser plants shut down until Mon-
day, throwing 150,000 out of work.
Another 20,000 in Toledo also were{
told to go home and stay until
Monday as were 1,000 of Southern
Textile Machinery Co. and Inter-
national Show Co. in Paducah,1
Ky.

In Colorado, where the majority
of the colleges are closed until late
in Decemoer or January, the de-
mand for wood has increased. The
state prison is consideringlleasing
a mine and using convict labor to
furnish fuel for state institutions.

Russia Insists U.,S.
Scrap Atomic Bomb,

DayOff Job;
irkers Hard
Government Wins Round
In Court Battle with Lewis
Southern Operators Will Meet To Discuss
Possibility of Direct Negotiation with UMW
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29-Efforts to fine striking miners for every
day they remain off the job were disclosed tonight, even as the govern-
ment won a round from John L. Lewis in its federal court battle to end
the strike of 400,000 of Lewis's followers.
In still another move to that end, leaders of the Southern Coal
Mine Operators were called to meet here Monday to discuss the possi-
bility of direct negotiations with the United Mine Workers.
The head of this segment of the stricken coal industry, Ed-
ward R. Burke, told a reporter that "a very considerable number
of coal companies" had filed applications with the government
to slap individual fines of $1 to 4

Fine

By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N.Y., Nov.
29-The Soviet Union left no
doubt today that it was aiming to
scrap the American atom bomb
as the first step of the arms re-
duction program proposed in the
United Nations by Foreign Minis-
ter V. M. Molotov.
Russia insisted, moreover, on
retention of the controversial big
power veto over all decisions tak-
en on international control and
inspections-a factor in conflict
with the firm United States posi-
tion on proposed atomic control.
"The atom bomb is a sword
of Damocles suspended by a
thin thread," Soviet Deputy
Foreign Minister Andrei Vish-
insky told the 54-nation politi-
cal committee. "Only by remov-
ing such a menace can. we es-
tablish security.
"Why not prohibit the manu-
facture of the atom bomb if you
don't plan to use it?" he asked.
Vishinsky added that the U.N.
must guard against failure to dis-
arm generally in all countries and
on all weapons "starting with the
most dangerous."
The Soviet position was set
forth after Sen. Tom Connally
(Dem., Tex.), a United States
delegate, demanded that the
U.N. take action on an arms re-
duction plan at the current
session of the General Assem-
bly and cautioned against any
move to sidetrack the Atomic
Energy Commission.
Welcoming Molotov's surprise
agreement to international in-
spections in the field of arms and
atom bombs, Connally said:
"It is my earnest hope in the
light of recent statements by
Marshal Stalin and Mr. Molo-
tov, and especially in the light
of what Mr. Molotov said yes-
terday about 'the necessity of
strict international control," in-
cluding inspections, that it will
now be possible for the Atomic
Energy Commission to end the
stalemate of recent months and
reach unanimous agreement on
a system of direct international
control of atomic energy with
effective safeguards to ensure
its use for peaceful purposes on-
Connally presented an eight-
point program reiteratng the
United States' position as to mul-
tilateral disarmament and efec-
Java Price
Spurts Up
It costs students more to keep
awake these nights if they use
black coffee as a sleep-chaser.
One cup of coffee in some cam-
pus restaurants costs as much as
12 cents with no refills on the
house.
A few coffee-dispensers are
sticking to the time-honored price
of five cents a cup, but most of
them keep that price only if food
is ordered, too.
In eight Ann Arbor restaurants
one cup of coffee without addi-
tional food costs an average of 10
cents.
The Michigan Union continues
to sell a cup for five cents, and
the League charges five cents with
two cents extra for cream.

4'

- - -

SEN. TOM CONNALLY
d emands action

tive safeguards by way of in-
spection and closed with the call:
"Let the world stack its arms".
Connally did not mention the
veto, one of the high points of
disagreement between the United
States and Russia on atomic con-
trol. The American view has been
that the special voting right
should not apply to decisions on
atomic energy, but should be re-
tained in the Security Council.
Russia Agrees
With U.S. Plan
Of Reparations
NEW YORK, Nov. 29-(IP)-Rus-
sia agreed tonight that Yugoslavia
and Greece should share war rep-
arations from Italy and Bulgaria
on a 50-50 basis as the Council
of Foreign Ministers juggled fig-
ures for four hours without reach-
ing a final settlement.
Persons present at the council
deliberations said that it marked
the first time that Soviet Foreign
Minister V. M. Molotov had de-
parted from his position that
Yugoslavia should receive the
lion's share of reparations from
the two countries. However, final
settlement of the issue went over
until tomorl ow.
Molotov won United States sup-
port for a substantial reduction
in the assessment against Bul-
garia.
James F. Byrnes, U. S. Secretary
of State, suggested a compromise
by which Yugoslavia's reparations
from Italy wouldbe increased by
$25,000,000 and reduced by a like
amount from Bulgaria. Under this
plan Greek reparations would re-
main at $100,000,000 from Italy
and $45,000,000 from Bulgaria. The
formula would bring both Greece
and Yugoslavia a total of $145,
000,000 each.
Literary Declaration of
Independence Proposed
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J., Nov. 29
-(,P)-A literary revolution de-
signed to puncture the prestige of
Shakespeare, Shelley, Keats and
other English classicists in Ameri-
can schools was proposed today at
the 36th annual meeting of the
National Council of Teachers of
English.

$2 a day for every day that a
miner stays out. The amount
would vary under the contract
by regions.
The government's preliminary
victory came on a ruling by Fed-
eral Judge T. Alan Goldsborough
that the Norris-La Guardia Act
forbidding anti-strike injunctions
does not apply in the case of the
Government vs. Lewis.
Goldsborough turned down a
defense motion to throw out the
contempt of court charge against
Lewis and the UMW for not obey-
ing his order to call off the strike.
Burke's disclosure of the fin-
ing proposals was supplemented
by Lawrence E. Tierney, Jr., of
Bluefield, W. Va., an operator.
He said that his company
alone has filed applications for
fines against 2,200 strikers.
Tierney contended, in talking
with a reporter, that the miners'
contract with the government is
still in effect (Lewis has declared
it void) and that its provisions for
fining miners on strike still stand.
"The provisions of the contract
are clear," Burke said.
"The coal companies can not
only file these applications for
fines but they must. There is a
penalty against them, too, for fail-
ing to insist that the fines be lev-
ied."
Under the contract terms,
which the government says must
stand for the duration of gov-
ernment possession of the mines,
each company application for.
fining its workers would have to
be dealth with separately.
In court, Lewis' attorneys bat-
tled all the way and a long fight
was possible.
But determined Welly K. Hop-
kins of Lewis' legal battery re-
turned to Uhe attack as the govern-
ment presented its first witness.
Capt. N. H. Collisson of the Navy,
the coal mines administrator.
Capt. Coisson testified that
John L. Lewis cancelled his soft
coal contract without ever hav-
ing made a direct request for
changes in wages or working
conditions.
As the legal showdown on the
crippling strike went over to next
week, at the earliest, the prospect
of early negotiations between
Lewis and the private operators--
which was raised yesterday- be-
came clou(ed in dispute.
Ten members of the 27-man
board of directors of the South-
ern Coal Producers Association
repudiated the statement of
their president, Edward R.
Burke, that they would be "very
happy" to negotiate with Lewis
on wage, hour and other de-
mands if a truce is called in the
walkout.
Their statement said that "there
is a time and a place for contract
negotiations, but it is not proper
while this matter is in the federal
courts."

Porter Leaves
Federal Post
As OPA Head
Price Control Office,
CPA To Be Merged
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29-()-
President Truman .today accepted
the resignation of Paul A. Porter,
as administrator of the Office of
Price Administration.
Porter told the President in a
letter of resignation dated Nov.
15 that personal reasons made it
imperative that he leave the fed-
eral service.
Leaves Federal Service
He did not say what new line of
work he Vill undertake. It had
been reported that he might re-
turn to his former post in the gov-
ernment as chairman of the Fed-
eral Communications Commission,
but his letter made it plain he was
leaving the government.
Porter told the President that
liquidation of OPA is well under
way and he did not believe he
could personally make any further
contribution to the job of closing
it out.
Merger of the OPA and the Ci-
vilian Production Administration
into a new liquidation agency is
understood to be imminent.
Owed 'Debt of Gratitude'
The President in his letter, ac-
cepting the resigation, as of Dec.
4 next, said the country owed Por-
ter a debt of gratitude for a dif-
icult job well done.
"We both," Mr. Truman said,
"had grave reservations as to the
:ffectiveness of the (OPA) exten-
sion bill which I signed on July
25th last, but I am confident that
aistory will vindicate the wisdom
of the decision to carry on for a
while longer even with the inade-
quate powers which the Congress
gave."
Three Sought
For Robbery
Detroit and state police are
searching for three men who kid-
napped an Ann Arbor taxicab
and its driver for a ride to De-
troit after robbing the driver of
his wallet and jewelry Thursday
night.
Robert Budlong, the driver, of
1434 Washington Hts., said he
picked up the trio near a State
St. drugstore and was told to drive
to Ypsilanti. On M-17 he was
ordered to stop where he was
robbed of $7 and a wristwatch at
the point of a knife, Budlong stat-
ed.
The three men forced him into
the rear of the cab and tied him,
Budlong said, and drove to Detroit
where the taxi was abandoned at
the foot of Twelfth St. The trio
then fled to the railroad yards.
Budlong untied himself and not-
ified the Detroit police.

State News Roundup
By The Associated Press
LANSING, Nov. 29-Col. Philip C. Pack, Director of the State
Office of Veterans Affairs, said today the State may have to pay
bonuses up to $18,000,000 to persons not rightfully entitled to the
benefits, unless definite residence requirements are set up.
Pack estimated that there were nearly 60,000 out-of-state vet,
erans who could claim the bonus payments by virtue of six months
work in Michigan defense plants prior to entering service, even though
"many of them never lived in Michigan before and few have returned
since they left service."
** * *
DETROIT, Nov. 29-One person was killed, a second injured
seriously and several others escaped with minor injuries when a
crowded Detroit-Windsor bus collided with an auto on the Canad-
ian side of the Detroit-Windsor tunnel at the height of the late
afternoon rush today.
* * * *
LANSING, Nov. 29-Department of State branch offices will start
the sale of full year 1947 automobile licenses plates Monday morning,
it was announced today.
* * * *
LANSING, Nov. 29-Posters depicting a teen ager being re-.

DEAN PEAKE DISAPPOINTED:
Friday Attendance Is Below Average

Classes were "sparsely popu-
lated" yesterday, according to un-
ofar,1 PstintP mPP b sP -r

Sale

of Directory

normal, it was lowered to as much
as 20 per cent of usual in a few

regulations the faculty felt confi-
dent that the freedom would not

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