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November 27, 1946 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-27

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DEAN LLOYD
ANSWERED
See Page 4

LlkI,

Hit W~U

&iitj;

CLOUDY,
WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 56 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 27, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Haifa Jews B3ack
Refugees Uelled
Ten Soldiers Injured, One Missing
After Using Tear Gas, Fire Hoses

HAIFA, Palestine, Nov. 26-(A')
-Bonfires blazed atop Mount
Carmel tonight as Haifa Jews
demonstrated their support of
3,370 immigrants who fought a
frenzied but unsuccessful battle
aboard their blockade runner this
afternoon with club-wielding Brit-
ish tommies.
Ten soldiers were injured and
one was missing and believed
Pollock Says
Senate Probe
Affects Policy
Cites Possible Upset
Of Peace Negotiations
By PHYLLIS KAYE
The Senate War Investigating
Committee, in its current probe on
certain phases of the German oc-
cupation, should consider the ef-
fect of such action on American
'foreign relations in this area, in
the opiniol of Prof. James K. Pol-
lock, of the political science de-
partment.
"Personally, I do not object to
such an investigation," he said.
"Everything that has been done in
Germany is an open book."
However, Prof. Pollock pointed
out that nothing should be done
to "upset the framework of our
relations" with other powers.
If Secretary Byrnes feels, as he
obviously does, that the investi-
gation will embarrass him in his
negotiations with the Council of
Foreign Ministers, Prof. Pollock
said, "we certainly should not take
the risk."
It is also important that nothing
should be done to embarrass Gen.
Clay in his relations with other
powers, particularly Russia, or to
undermine the prestige of our rep-
resentatives in Germany, he de-
clared.
Gen. Clay has always been anx-
ious to haue committees come to
Germany, Prof. Pollock indicated.
Many senatorial committees have
visited there and investigators of
the Senate War Investigating
Committee have already been over
the area.
Since the general is in the coun-
try at preaent and can be ques-
tioned personally by the commit-
tee, he stated, there is no real
need for them to conduct a per-
sonal investigation.
Students Close
War reaches
Schanke Cites Union
Among scandinavians
Student groups throughout the
world are reestablishing the bonds
between countries that were brok-
en during the war, Andreas
Schahke, Norwegian member of
the World Student Christian Fed-
eration, stated in a speech to Pro-
testant groups last night.
Although Scandinavian coun-
tries played opposing roles during
the war, Schanxe said that stu-
dents from these countries met
following the war and after
"frank" discussion of their differ-
ences, partcd on a note of forgive-
ness.
Schanke said that as a result of
the variet ; of experiences that
Norwegian students had in prisons,
in the underground and fighting
with foreign forces, a broader
viewpoint toward other countries
and toward the different classes
in Norway resulted.

Following the war, Norwegian
students collected enough money
to provide 3C tubercular Dutch
students with a vacation in Nor-
way. Schanke contrasted this with
the situation before the war, when
the Norwegians felt that they were
isolated from the troubles of other
countries.

dead in the hour-long melee which
broke out a half hour after the
immigrant ship, the 2,000-ton
Hameri HIaivra (Lochita), entered
Haifa Harbor under the escort of
two British destroyers. Army
sources confirmed the death of one
16-year old Romanian Jew, from
injuries suffered when he jumped
from the ship. Five injured Jews
were rushed to a hospital, and
seventeen others to a sick bay.
Scores were puffy-eyed from tear
gas.
The troops used tear gas and
fire hoses to subdue the immi-
grants. Nearly 100 Jews leaped
into the water during the height
of the fighting, in a last desperate
attempt to reach the Holy Land,
or scrambled to the deck of a tug
which was warping the ship up to
a jetty. All were recaptured.
After order was restored, troops
began transferring their refugees
to three British transports. One
by one, the immigrants were taken
from the Hameri Haivra and
searched. They were then placed
aboard the transports Ocean Vig-
our, Empire Heywood and Empire
Rival, presumably for ultimate de-
portation to Cyprus Island.
The immediate departure of the
British ships was stayed by a
habeas corpus action, brought in
Palestine Supreme Court by Jew-
ish Palestine residents. The ac-
tion requires the government to
show cause why the refugees
should be deported.
Haifa City, meanwhile, was bat-
tened down by a protest strike of
its 60,000 Jewish residents, many
of whom met on Mount Carmel in
support of the refugees.
Groups To Ask
U-D FootbalI
Policy Report
Leaders o five campus organi-
zations will leave for Detroit at-
1 p.m. today to get a statement of
policy from the president of the
University of Detroit which has
been accused of "Jim Crow" ac-
tion in seneduling a football game
with the University of Miami to be
played Saturday.
The investigating organizations
include SRA, MYDA, IRA, the
Lawyers Guild and two chapters
of the local AVC.
"We rea ize it's too late to can-
cel the contract but we shall ask
for a statement of policy," de-
clared Lyman H. Leyters, presi-
dent of SRA.
The Unversity of Detroit team
which leaves this morning for
Miami was asked to bring no Negro
players to the University of Mi-
ami.,
Two universities, Syracuse and
Pennsylvana State, have previous-
ly refused to play Miami after they
also had neen requested to bring
no Negroes.
Penn State was originally
scheduled to meet Miami but
cancelled its contract.
The five campus organizations
joined with others on the Univer-
sity of Detroit campus this week
in a concerted drive to force De-
troit to beak its contract but
their efforts were unsuccessful.

Frown on Cuts
Is Still in Effet
The "more than casual inter-
est" which members of the lit-
erary college faculty are ex-
pected to take regarding post-
Thanksgiving absences will ap-
parently be a matter of indi-
vidualescretion.
Announcements were made in
a few classes this week that
names of students who did not
appear at class on Friday must
be reported to Dean Erich A.
Walter for disciplinary action.
No such special regulation has
been set~ up, according to Dean
Walter.
The general procedure will be
followed in reporting absences
which arcconsidered to be af-
fecting te student's academic
progress.
SAttendance at any time, has
been considered the responsi-
bility of the students since the
liberalization of attendance
regulations last June. Dean
Walter emphasized in a state-
ment this week that students
would be expected to attend
classes according to the Uni-
versity calendar and that they
would "prove themselves able
to assume their new responsi-
bility."
185 Students
To Face Trial
over Tickets
Legislature To Send
Delegates to Chicago
A prolonged football ticket in-
vestigation will be climaxed Mon-
day night when 185 students ap-
pear before the Men's Judiciary
Council in Kellogg Auditorium to
answer charges that they ob-
taied and retained their football
tickets fraudulently.
Plans for the trial were an-
nounced last night at the meet-
ing of the Student Legislature by
Seymour Chase, chairman of the
Judiciary Council.
Pleas Possible
Chase said that each student ar-
raigned before the court will be
given an opportunity to plead in-
nocent or guilty. Clemency will
be recommended for those who
plead guilty to intentional fraud,
he said. He emphasized that the
extent of the Judiciary Council's
power is to recommend penalties
to the University Disciplinary
Committee.
The maximum penalty will be
recommended for those studnts
who plead innocent but are later
proved guilty, Chase said. He did
not specify the nature orextent
of the maximum penalty to be im-
posed.
Delegates Chosen
The Legislature approved the
recommendation of the Student
Government Committee that dele-
gates he sent to the Chicago Stu-
dents Conerence to be held Dec.
28-30. The group elected Rae
Keller, Archie Parsons, Terrell
Whitsitt and James Riess as off i-
cial delegates to the conference
and Henry Kassis as alternate.
The Legislature took an official
stand on the controversy over the
scheduled M i a mn i University-
University of Detroit football
game last :t'ight by authorizing a
representative of the group to act
with other campus groups in pro-
testing the acceptance of the game
by University of Detroit officials.
Archie Parsons was unanimous-
ly elected to represent the Legis-
lature and was authorized to con-

tact student organizations on tfie
U. of D. c anpus today and to co-
operate with IRA, SRA, MYDA,
both AVC groups and the National
Lawyers Guild in contacting ad-
ministration officials.

alkout Felt
As Schools
Close Doors
Industry Suffers,
Coal Supply Low
By The Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 26-Ef-
fects of the six-day-old walkout
of 400,000 bituminous coal miners
extended into the educational as
well as the industrial life of the
nation today with students from
many schools and colleges join-
ing about 70,000 workers in en-
forced vacations.
From points as far west, as the
Pacific Coast came reports of lack
of fuel to keep the nation's halls
of learning open.
Four thousand students at Brig-
ham Young University, Utah, who
have been shivering for three
days, started their Thanksgiving
vacation two days early.
In the heart of the soft coal re-
gion, Pittsburgh school authorit-
ies have asked the Solid Fuels Ad-
ministration in Washington for
authority to buy 500 tons-enough
to tide the city's 119 schools over
a two-week period.
Meantime, unemployment in
industries depending on coal ra-
pidly reached the 70,000 mark as
additional blast furnaces and open
hearths ceased operations. The
Tri-State Industrial Association
figured that fabricating plants in
Pennsylvania, West Virginia and
Ohio would be reduced to 50 per
cent of capacity within another
week but that it would take at
least a month for 100 per cent in-
effectiveness.
The steel industry and the rail-
roads have been hit the hardest
although Toledo reported that
27,000 industrial workers would
be idle by tomorrow due mainly
to supply and material curtail-
ments.
* * *
State Decree
Shuts Schools
Without Coal
By The Associated Press
State Fuel Administrator Don
S. Lenard ruled late today (Tues-
day) that "schools are not essen-
tial users and unless they can
find coal locally or in neighbor-
ing communities, they will have to
close" because of the current coal
shortage.
Leonard said he had established
direct teetype communication
with Washington officials in an
effort to expediate handling of
emergency requests for coal. The
director added that his office has
drafted employes from other state
agencies to handle "a deluge" of
requests for emergency help.
Meanwhile, Detroit's key indus-
tries took stock of their coal re-
serves. Ford said it had put some
coal conservation measures into
effect that would result in a drop
of from 6,000 to 4,000 tons daily
in its coal consumption and en-
able the firm to keep operating at
the present rate until Jan. 1.

Private Strike Negotiations Rumored
As Speed Is Asked in Contempt Trial;
Students o on Holiday with Strikers

Alleged Lewis Conferences
Denied y Moses, Eaton
Court Injunction Aimed at Ending Walk-Out
Awaits Verdict on Charges Against Lewis
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26-Behind-the-scenes talk looking toward
a possible end to the coal strike was widely iumored in the capital
tonight as the government pressed for speed in John L. Lewis' con-
tempt of court trial, opening tomorrow.
The air was full of reports of private efforts to get negotiations
rolling between Lewis and the mine operators. No official confirma-
tion was forthcoming and some of the principals in the coal picture
denied knowledge of such efforts.
However, at Cleveland, Ohio, Cyrus S. Eaton, banker and indus-
trialist, declined to comment on reports that he had exploratory con-
'$'"erences he~re with Lewis. Lewis

LEWIS ARRIVES AT COURT-John L. Lewis, United Min'e
Workers president, walks from his car to the United States Dis-
trict Court building in Washington, as he arrives to answer a
citation for contempt of court in failing to comply with an in-
junction ordering him to keep union members at work in the
mines.
INDUSTRIAL HOLD-UP:
Britain Blamed for Shortage
Of Fuel Needed by France

The serious lack of energy
power for industry that exists in
France today may be partly at-
tributed to the fact that coal
which should be coming into the
country from the Ruhr Basin as
war repas'ations has been side-
tracked by Great Britain.
Prof. Georges Gurvitch of the
University of Strasbourg gave this
reason in a talk at Rackham Am-
phitheatre yesterday. He main-
tained that France's slow postwar
recovery is due to the dearth of
coal and oil which are needed to
put her industrial machine in
high gear.
Outmoded Equipment
"The very low supply of out-
moded technical equipment in
France means that she must have
energy power not only to produce
more goods economically, but to
create the machinery for the pro-
duction of these goods," he pointed
out.
Prof.' Gurvitch stated that al-
though France is producing 15,000
more tons of coal per month now
than she was before the war, this
is only one-third of her current
requirement. "It is a problem of
international economic planning
to redistribute the supply of in-
dustrial energy in the world," he
declared.
Denies French Laziness
"France cannot make an eco-

nomic reconstruction on her own
resources," Prof. Gurvitch empha-
sized, "since without energy sup-
plies there will be an economic re-
gression."
Vets' Council
To Consider
Food Problem
A report on campus eating fa-
cilities is the main business on the
agenda for the luncheon meeting
today of the Veterans University
Council, view campus group for
acting on the problems of student
veterans.
Adequacy of representation on
the Council will also be discussed.
At present the 14 member Council
consists of five University offi-
cials and representatives of nine
student groups.
Committee chairman Henry
Kassis, representative from the
Student Legislature, will make the
report on the available eating fa-
cilities. Other members of the
committee are Mrs. Haskell Cop-
lin, president of the Ball and
Chain Club, and Kenneth Fleis-
hauer, former president of the
University Veterans Organization.

Russia Argues
For Revelation
Of New Arms
MolotoV Asks Britain
To Air War Secrets'
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Nov. 26
-(11)-Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav M. Molotov bluntly
asked the United States and Great
Britain today if they were ready to
report immediately on atomic and
jet-propelled weapons in their
peacetime war machines.
Philip J. Noel-Baker, Britain's
chief delegate to the United Na-
tions Assembly, heatedly replied
that he was no more ready to re-
port on such matters than was
Molotov.
U. S. Senator Tom Connally
(Dem., T x.), chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, let +he question pass with-
out direct answer from his gov-
ernment.
The request, voiced by Molotov
in answer to Noel-Baker's conten-
tion yesterday that Russia's reso-
lution cailing for a troop census
was not "adequate," tossed into
the United Nations political com-
mittee a new and complicating fac-
tor. The committee adjourned
after three hours of warm debate
until tomorrow (10:30 a.m. E.S.T.)
without auy apparent solution to
the deadlock over what kind of a
troop count shall be made.
Russia rejected the demand that
any troop count include home
forces. However, as apparent evi-
dence of willingness to discuss this
later, Mobtov offered a proposal
for the General Assembly to call
on member states to submit infor-
mation on armed forces and arma-
ments "in their own territory, this
information to be submitted when
the Secuiity Council will con-
sider the pioposas for general re-
duction of armaments."
Roundup
of
World News
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 26 - Secre-
tary of State Byrnes and British
Foreign Secretary Bevin searched
in a secret bi-lateral session today
for a method for minimizing criti-
cism among the little nations of
the big power use of the veto in
United Nations decisions.
There was no indication of what
progress, if any,, was made.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 26 -
The State Department formally
accused Romania today of vio-
lating a pledge of free and un-
fettered balloting by permit-
ting election "manipulations"
and "terrorism."
* * *
NANKING, Nov. 26-Govern-
ment military sources tonight
quoted an official Central News
Agency dispatch as saying that
nationalist armies would launch
a punitive expedition against Yen-

and his aides also reserved com-
ment on the reports, which indi-
cated that Eaton was interested in
using his good offices, if feasible,
in helping bring Lewis and the
operators together.
Moses Denies Talk
Harry <<. Moses, president of
the H. C. Prick Coke Company,
Pittsburg, a U. S. Steel subsid-
iary, denied that he had talked
with Lewis. There had been re-
ports that lie had conferred with
the miners' chief on a possible
separate settlement for coal mines
owned by the steel companies.
Lewis goes before Federal Dis-
trict Judge T. Alan Goldsborough
Wednesday on charges that he
committed contempt by refusal to
withdraw his notice that the min-
ers' contract with the government
ended last Thursday. With the
contempt issue out of the way-it
might take days-the court will
consider whether to issue a per-
manent injunction aimed at end-
ing the walkout.
To Forego Recess
Justice Department attorneys
said they will ask Goldsborough to
forego the customary Thanksgiv-
ing weekend recess and resume the
trial on Friday.
President Truman, who engi-
neered the showdown with the
miners' chieftain, remained silent.
Reached in Pittsburgh, Moses
said emphatically that he had not
even talked with Lewis on the
telephone and knew of no con-
versations by other operators,
Mayor Brown
Lauds Local
Conservation
Mayor William E. Brown Jr. to-
day commended townspeople' for
'heir cooperation in complying
with federal and state dimout de-
?rees to conserve coal.
"The majority of local business
places dimmed display and win-
dow lights Monday night, in ac-
cordance with the 21-state brown-
9ut directive" the mayor said. He
onas asked 'ocal police to make a
;heck of business areas, reminding
violators of the iederal order. "I
am sure where will be no wilfull
violations of the edict" he added.
A federal announcement stat-
ing that schools will no longer re-
ceive top priority in coal deliveries,
caused increased interest in the
University and public school coal
stocks. University officials have
estimated that present supplies
will last until the first of the year,
while Ann Arbor public schools
have from 45 to 60 days' supply.
E. C. Pardon, plant supervisor,
announced last week that all steam
outlets in University buildings
will be turned off at night. This
program, which went into effect
yesterday, is expected to effect a
considerable coal saving. In addi-
tion, building thermostats have
been set 2 degrees lower in an ef-
fort to conserve existing coal
stocks.
More Ioliday Rail
Facilities Expected
Although New York Central

LA TE HOURS CONTROVERSY:
Dean Lloyd Emphasizes Women's Opposition

In response to a Daily request
for comment on the current con-
troversy over the extension of
women's hours, Alice C. Lloyd,
dean of women, yesterday empha-
sized coed opposition to changing
present regulations.
Declaring that there is "evi-
dence of misunderstanding" over
the controversy, Miss Lloyd said
that "a gi eat many women did
not want present hours changed."
In a statement, Miss Lloyd
said that while the vote of

"Our housing is very badly over-
crowded," she pointed out, "and.
certain regulations are neces-
sary."
The controversy arose last
month when the Association of
House Presidents, an organization
of dormitory officers, representing
1,500 women, drew up a proposal
which would have given upper-
Text of The Daily's answer to
Miss Lloyd's references to it ap-
nears an the editorial nage.

"The question was announced
in the Daily before either
League House or sorority presi-
dents had considered the is-
sue," Miss Lloyd said. Pointing
out that the Office of the Dean
of Women had not been in-
volved in the controversy, she
said that the final action had
been taken by the women
themselves.
Miss Lloyd also expressed the
opinion that the Student Legis-

taken any interest in some of the
fundainental student problems."
Miss Lloyd's comments on
The Daily were denied last
night by Milton Freudenheim,
Daily senior editor, who pointed
out that "the criticism men-
tioned by Miss Lloyd did not
appear in Daily editorials but
were written by individual stu-
dents in letters to the editor."
The text of Miss Lloyd's state-
ment follovis:
"There is evidence of misunder-

by comment in The Daily or by
appearing at any of the house
presidents' meetings. When final
action was taken, a change in
hours was voted down by the
house presidents of women's
houses.
"The vote of the League
House presidents was undoubt-
edly influenced in part at least
by the feeling of some of the
house directors in those houses
that they did not wish to sign
contracts for the second semes-

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