THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1946
IN SPITE OF spending more actual hard cash
on scientific research than any other country
in the world, according to recent reports, it
appears that the United States is not spending
the cash in the proper way to assure keeping
ahead in achievement as well.
Though our total figure of $1,500,000,000 a
year looks impressive next to a figure of $950,-
000,000 for Russia, the halo is lost when we
are told that Russia's avowed purpose is to,
"unlock new secrets" and that we are spending
only five per cent of our total for basic or
To weight these facts properly, it is necessary
to distinguish between the two main types of
scientific research-basic and applied. Russia,
trying to unlock secrets, has declared her in-
terest in basic science-to use probably the most
apt example, a study of nuclear fission. Applied
research, which U.S. precentages indicate as our
goal, is concerned with the application of basic
research-for example, applying the principles
of nuclear fission to the manufacture of the
The charge of misguidance of funds is further
backed up by statements of Dr. Vannevar Bush,
director of the Office of Scientific Research and
Development, to the effect that before the war,
the United States depended on information from
foreign research as the basic principle for
applied research. Our lopsidedness in research
would appear ever more serious now as Dr. Bush,
in his report, "Science, the Endless Frontier"
says that the world's pure research "cupboards 1
are now in many fields as bare as Old Mother
The physical sciences show a particular dearth
of basic information according to Vice-Adm.
Harold G. Bowen, chief of the Office of Naval I
Research. He charges that the feverish defense
work during the war has "used up" most of the
available basic knowledge.
Again we fail to hold up oui end of inter-
national pure research when we compare our
basic to applied science ratio of 1 to 20 to Great
Britain's ratio of 1 to 1.2.
Dr. Bush emphasized, in his report, that
generous support must be given to university
research if we have any hope of regaining our
pre-war proportion of 1 to 5 for basic and sci-
It is estimated that university research alone
coultd use $57,000,000 a year during post-war
years. Just how far back the universities are be-,
ing held from doing maximum work in scienti-
fic research for the country becomes apparent
when we match $57,000,000 with the $75,000,000
which has been actually alloted for the entire
country's work in pure research.
$1,500,000,000 represents only one per cent of
the gross national income and some experts have
gone as far as to state that three per cent could
be allotted to scientific research and develop-
ment without placing too great a strain on the
But here is where the snag comes in. Appar-
ently, if the United States were to reapportion
her scientific expenditures and even to increase
them, all would not be well. According to Dr.
Bush, "the United States is short of compe-
tent scientific personnel."
With these facts in mind and in the face
of a world-wide atomic armament race, it is
scarcely necessary to dwell on the strategic posi-
tion the United States' colleges and universit-
ies must take to fill the yawning gaps present
in American science and to provide personnel
to carry out the increased pure research pro-
gram when and if we decide to hold our inter-
PCttie. to the (6citor
(EDITOR'S NOTE: No letter to the editor will be
printed unless signed and written in good taste.
Letters over 300 words in length will be shortened or
omitted; in special instances, they will be printed, at
the discretion of the editorial director.)
* * * *
To the Editor:
WHY, may I ask, is the headquarters for the
FEPC movement allowed to operate from
a room in the Michigan Union?
Whether or not the issue is one that is good
or bad for the nation is a matter of personal
choice, but I was led to assume that the Michigan
Union was being maintained for the convenience
of the students and ex-students of the Univer-
sity-not for the housing of individuals or groups
who are campaigning for issues of national con-
The FEPC movement is obviously one of the
issues that is of political importance-hardly
an issue that should be endorsed indirectly by
the University of Michigan by being housed in
a University building.
-Brook H. Snow
To the Editor:
MAY I SUGGEST that all veterans on the
campus clip your excellent editorial of Sun-
day, concerning subsistence payments, and
mail it to General Omar N. Bradley,' Veteran's
Administration, Washington, D. C. Who
Republican Legislators .. .
To the Editor:
H AVING just read Mr. Robert Greene's letter
to the Daily in the Nov. 13 issue, I feel that
the record should be cleared.
Really Mr. Greene, you don't mean what
you say about the Republican party being an or-
ganization of old age and old ideas? You don't,
really mean that the control of our government
is in the hands of old fossils and reactionaries?
As I see it, age is immaterial with political
philosophy and parties vary their policies
with the times and their own political fortunes
or misfortunes. The Republican Party is not
the party that was in power 16 years ago. Part-
ies and platforms change.
If you recall your American history, it was the
Demhocrats that were the party of "isolationism"
some 40 years back; then it was the "damn Re-
publican imperialists, why don't they tend to
matters 'at home." Not that I have to go back
40 years to show that parties change, or that
parties are not pro this and anti that, we need
only go back to see that the "antilabor and re-
actionary" Republicans passed the Railway
Labor Act in 1926; later to be the model of the
Wagner legislation in 1935. Let's look at bank-
ing reform. Who, Mr. Greene, was responsible
for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
legislation; wasn't it'a certain Republican from
Michigan who was the guiding light behind that
cornerstone of policy? Yes, Mr. Greene, that
was "old Vandenberg." Mr. Greene, have you
ever heard of a project in the west called "Bould-
er Dam?" The mind of man is short and his'
memory dim, but until the late president took
office, the dam was named after its founder-
"Hoover Dam.' '
In your letter you specifically mention Martin,
Taft and Vandenberg, and decry the fact that
men of such age are coming to power, inferring
that the outgoing leaders are younger and there-
fore more progressive. Let's look at the record.
Mr. Martin, the new speaker of the House is
two years the junior of the outgoing speaker,
all powerful House Rules committee. Sabath of
Illinois, was middle aged at the turn of the cen-
tury, and at the age of 86 was just reelected
from his district for the 20th time, aside from
the fact that the gentleman is quite senile. It
was common knowledge in Washington that he
was incapable of handling the committee, and
that Cox of Georgia, and Smith of Virginia (both
great liberalists) were the powers behind the
throne of that committee in the 79th Congress.
Any change in that chairmanship, Democratic
or Republican will be welcome. The new chair1
man will probably be Mr. Leo Allen, from, the
same state, who will be one year shy of four de-
cades younger than Mr. Sabath. May I ask who
will replace that 69 year old disgrace to the
Senate, Mr. Bilbo, as the chairman of the Dis-
trict of Columbia Committee?
You see Mr. Greene, there is no correlation
between age and views, any more than one
party may be branded reactionary, and the other
liberal. If parties could be so classified, we
would not find Wallace and Bilbo in the same
party, any more than we would find Stassen and
Langer under the same banner.
-Austin E. Oppenheim, '49 Law
Palestine Struggle . .
To the Editor:
DURING the past few weeks the newspapers
have consistently brought forth news con-
cerning Palestine. The Jews are being deported
to Cyprus because they are "illegal" immigrants.
The British have imposed another curfew in
Jerusalem. The Arabs have attacked Jews who
are settling their own property. These are but
a few of the headlines out of Palestine.
And what is the attitude of the campus? The
American people? The whole world? There is
nothing but gross complacency being exhibited
by any of these groups. No one has lifted a
finger to find out the meaning of this strife in
Palestine. No one kas had the "audacity" to ask
such simple questions as: Why are the Jews
in Palestine?: What are the British doing in
Palestine?; What part do the Arabs play in the
struggle in Palestine?
Have we become so completely blinded by our
own power that we have fallen into another era
of isolationism? The very things we fought
against in this last war are again flourishing-
discrimination and racial prejudice.
This month at the United Nations assembly
the vital question of trusteeship will be brought
on the agenda. To great Britain this is the most
important question of the conference because
her control of Palestine will be at stake. The
British government has consistently violated the
Palestine Mandate and the Balfour Declaration
both of which specifically guarantee the estab-
lishment of a Jewish national home. Britain has
deliberately sought to thwart all attempts by
the homeless Jews of Europe to enter Palestine,
and find shelter and security.
And now Great Britain's integrity is at stake.
The question will and must be raised: Will we
allow Britain to continue her policy of violating
-William J. Posen
airline managements cannot just wait for
Uncle Sam to solve all their problems. They have
to get a move on. Otherwise they will never live\
down that new slogan, "If you have time to
spare, go by air.
A// Op 1/thin9
THERE has probably been no single country
of similar size which has suffered so much at
the hands of Imperialism in the short period
from 1917 until the present, as has Palestine.
Whatever semblance of sane life had existed
between the Jew and the Arab has long been
turned into a boiling cauldron of death and
terrorism by its rulers.-In the past weeks, re-
ports of bombings, mass arrests, curfews and
hundreds of other injustices onthe people have
It is quite unnecessary to go into the history
of the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, the
Balfour Declaration, the Sykes-Picot Agreement,
and various of other diplomatic subterfuges
which the British have employed in the most
flagrant diplomatic double-dealing of the post
World War I era. Suffice it to say, that, today
the British stand in control of the Holy Land
and have made it an armed camp, where an ever
greater rift is being created between the Jewish
and Arab citizens. Freda Kirchwey, writing in
the NATION says, "Though I had read of the
concentration of military and police forces in
Palestine, I had no idea until I went there how
overpowering it had become. Convoys of British
tanks and trucks move along the roads holding
up civilian traffic. The public barracks, located
at strategic points but a few miles apart, are
really forts, concrete structures formidable in
size and structure."-Anyone who has seen re-
cent Newsreels of Palestine cannot but have
been impressed by the herding of people behind
barbed wire encampments.
On British Administration in Palestine, the
Anglo-American Commission had this to say,
"Neither Jew nor Arab has been included in
the highest ranks of administration. British
officials hold all important positions. They
exercise as much authority as in a country
where the mass of inhabitants are in a primi-
tive stage of civilization."
Out of a budget of twenty million pounds
(which comes directly from the people's earn-
ings) six million are spent for po'lice and pri-'
sons, only 1,684,000 on education, health, public
benefits, etc. In Jerusalem with an adult popu-
lation of 70,000, but 7,000 are allowed to vote.
The oil which comes out of the land but a few
miles away is sold to the native at a higher price
than to the people of Manchester, England. The
Electric Companies are free to charge whatever
rates they please. The major banks are owned
by foreign banks. Local industry has been dis-
couraged at the expense of British imports.
IN RECENT YEARS, American oil interests
have penetrated into the jealously guarded
British territory. The American-Arab oil com-
pany, owned jointly by Standard Oil of Calif-
ornia and Texaco, controls the oil reserve of
Saudi-Arabia and Bahrein Island, which lies
off the coast of the former. In January of this
year, through one of its subsidiaries, it signed
an agreement with the Palestine government
(meaning the British) which gave it the right
to lay a pipeline from Saudi-Arabia to the Medi-
terranean through Palestine. The concession in-
cludes the right to build airbases, railway lines,
telegraph lines, ports, roads, etc.
While the economy has rapidly fallen prey to
these American and British oil interests, the
ight of self-determination has been continually
discouraged. On the one hand the hopes of
European DP's are raised with an announce-
ment by President Truman to the effect, that
immediate immigration of 100,000 Jews should
be allowed, while on the other, the British in-
crease the occupation forces, and invite General
Anders, the Polish exile to a conference for con-
sideration of transferring forty-thousand of his
troops to the Near East.
Schemes have been suggested such as par-
tition, which would divide the country into a
Jewish, Arabian and British sector. It is not
coincidence, that under such a plan, the strat-
egic areas as Haifa and the corridor between
Jaffa and Jerusalem would remain in British
hands, or that railroads, foreign trade, air
bases, in short, all enterprises, without which
the economy cannot function as a unit, remain
in British hands.
These solutions do not strike at the core of the
problem, which is freedom for the people of
Palestine, and the right to develop a democratic,
self-sufficient economy. This freedom cannot
be achieved unless British troops are removed
from the area and the nation placed under a
United Nations Trusteeship.
It is surely to the advantage of the American
people, as well as those of other nations, to
give the United Nations enough backing that
they might put teeth into the Trustee system.
If the Palestine issue is cleared up, the first
step to the removing of the Middle East as a
sorespot in International affairs would be ach-
-E. E. Ellis
THE KEY to Korea's present unrest is rice.
Even though the bulk of the country's crop
is in the United States zone, a shortage still
exists. Occuaption authorities are convinced
that, if food stocks can be distributed equitably
among all Koreans in sufficient quantities to
combat hunger and at low enough prices to
keep them in reach of everyone, prices will de-
cline and the extremists will lose ground.
l When that happens, a coalition government
will become possible and an interim assembly
can be elected, preliminary to correcting some
of southern Korea's other ailments.
IT SO HAPPENS .. .
" Our Safe, Sane World
HEREWITH a tribute to a pro-
fessor in the German depart-
ment with a commendable spirit of
compromise and cooperation.
The class having agreed to carry
on half the semester in English and
the rest in German the professor
reminded them last week that the
first half was over, and he would
henceforth deliver all instruction in
"However," he said, "in case you
find it too difficult I'll compromise
with you and swing into Pennsyl-
* * *
F SOME of our more reactionary
magazines eventually fold up,
we'll know it's because of the war
a certain English instructor is
waging against them. Every time
he receives an enticing subscrip-
tion offer, he seals the empty "re-j
turn postage guaranteed" envel-
ope and mails it. Diversion from
those freshman themes, you know.
Attention: 'Who's Who'
IT HAS COME to our attention via
the University's most authorita-
tive public relations channels that
since a certain campus laboratory's
"establishment in 1923, about 100;-
000 mice have been raised."
Furthermore, "a colony of about
5,000 live mice is maintained con-
tinuously . . . here" A certain wag-
about-the-office did a simple prob-
lem in subtraction and came out
"That makes 95,000 furry, little
alumni." Organized in "M" clubs, we
* * *
Whoopin' It Up
A FRIEND of ours who has been
aptly characterized as A Michi-
gan Tradition, joyfully reported re-1
Crying "hail Columbia," instead of
"heil Hitler," a new race hate so-
ciety, Columbians, Inc., has emerged
in the South.
Patterned after the Ku Klux Klan,
the organization advocates the im-
mediate deportation of all Negroes
to Africa, but its plans to create an
"all white America" have been ham-
pered by Georgia court action.
As a result of their attempts to
force Negroes to move from certain
districts in Atlanta, Governor Ar-
nall has initiated action to revoke
the charter previously granted to the
Despite the development of this
group, and Alabama's Governor
Sparks' cry for "absolute segrega-
tion," some progress has been made
in the uphill struggle tovard racial
In a precedent breaking move, the
Georgia Baptist Convention voted to
invite Negro Baptists to a joint
meeting last week. The vote was un-
Hate societies continue to nourish
but the positive step forward taken
by the Georgia Baptists shows that
even in the South education for ra-
cial tolerance has increased.
ceiving his VA check the other day.
"It was like Saturday night in a
mining town," he exclaimed, pro-
ducing what was left of the cash-
a handful of silver dollars.
Contributions to this column are by
all members of The Daily staff, and are
the responsibility of the editorial direc-
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE are Americans who solemn-
ly say that we ought to send re-
lief food only to nations which are
politically friendly to us. None for
Yugoslavia, lots for Greece, etc. And
the idea has a kind of superficial,
bully-boy practicality about it, which
at first, makes it appear hard to re-;
fute. It seems only fair; you know,
fair. What Send our Wheaties to
Yugoslavia, which fires on our fliers!
Yet in diplomacy one is always
compelled to look beyond the end
of his nose; and one can't build
a foreign policy just by scratching
one's every itch, and appeasing
one's every resentment. In the first
place, to set up a list of nice coun-
tries, which we will feed, and nasty
countries, which we won't, is really
to divide he world in two, and for-
ever. It means we let it be known
that we go around with a little
black book in our pocket, in which
we make lists, lists of the good and
the bad, eternal dichotomies, as of
darkness and light, virtue and evil,
tall and short, Mutt and Jeff, etc.
The proposed policy can be attack-
ed on another level; it is merely
negative. Let us grant (I don't) that
it is a valid idea to use relief food
politically. All right, let us use food
politically. What does that mean? It
could conceivably mean that per-
haps we should be exporting more
food today than we are, with spe-
cial reference to countries in which
we are getting a poor response to our
enchanting personalities, etc. If a
nation, even Yugoslavia, is confused,
and is this way and that way about
us, perhaps we ought to send it a
little more bread, and butter, too.
THIS narrow scale of petulance and
punishment clearly gives away
the 'emotional immaturity on which
the entire conception is based. It is
not a plan for the political use of
food. It is a plan for the political use
The only permissible political
use of food is to use it grandly,
with that utter indifference to the
political beliefs of the recipient
which is (we properly boast)
rooted in the American system.
And the best way to do that is
through Mr. LaGuardia's plan for
a new international relief organi-
zation to replace the expiring
UNRRA; one in which we even
give up control as to where the
food is to go, as a visible sign of
our sublime American unconcern
with 'the political thinking of a
man who needs a sandwich.
The other way is the Acheson way,
to sit in judgment on each nation,
and to decide whether to feed it or
not. That is a power, I think, which
no democracy should want; it is too
big and too awful; and it sets up an
equation between convictions and
calories which must, in the end, do
violence to our own humanist and
equalitarian sentiments. It will be
noticed that I have made use of no
emotional or sentimental arguments;
neither~r are needed to show t he
GII( Tm. Reg.
P46 by United F,,tur. Syndicte, nc.
r. .S. Pat. O00.--Al rights t.,rtd
"He's packin' a rod."
Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Assistant to the
President, Room 1021 Angell Bal, by 3:00
p-m. on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1946
VOL. LVII, No. 51
Members of the University Senate:
The first regular meeting of the Uni-
versity Senate for the academic year
1946-47 will be held in the Rackham
Amphitheatre at 4:10 p.m., Mon.,
Annual report of the Senate Ad-
visory Committee on University Af-
fairs, A. D. Moore.
Report of Nominating Committee
and Election of MTebers to the Ad-
visory Committee, J. B. Waite.
Report on the Participation of the
Faculty in World War II, Secretary
Miscellaneous Subjects introduced
by members of the Senate: (a) Post
season games of football teams, (b)
Basketball Tickets (Students, Fac-
ulty and University Employees) Due
to the large student enrollment and
because of the rather limited seating
capacity of the Field House, it is nec-
essary to ration . admission to the
basketball games to students and the
University Faculty and Employees.
A plan for the allotment of tickets
was presented by the Athletic Com-
mittee of the Student Legislature
and approved by the Board in Con-
trol of Intercollegiate Athletics.
Under this plan, each student and
each holder of an Athletic Coupon
Book will be given a preferred admis-
sion ticket to one basketball game
each semester., This ticket will be
accepted for preferred admission un-
Jil seven o'clock the night of the
game designated. After seven o'clock,
other students and Coupon Book
holders will be admitted as long as
room is available.
The basketball preferred admis-
sion tickets will be issued to stu-
dents, faculty members and athletic
coupon book holders in the main cor-
ridor of University Hall daily from
8:30 a.m. until 12:00 noon and from
1:30 p.m. until 4:30 p.m. the follow-
ing days: Mon., Nov. 25th; Tues.,
Nov. 26th; Wed., Nov. 27th; Fri., Nov.
Students will be required to pre-
sent their student receipts for fees.
Athletic Coupon Book Holders will
be required to present their Coupon
At the request of the Student Ath-
letic Committee, drawing by lot for
the allocation of the basketball
games was made by a member of the
University Faculty, both for the Stu-
dents and for the Faculty and Uni-
Faculty members and University
Employes will receive their preferred
admission tickets for both semesters
on the days above specified.
Students will be given their pre-
ferred admission ticket for the first
semester game on the days above
specified, and at the time of regis-
tration for the second semester game.
No preferred admission tickets will
be issued for the Stanford game on
December 19th or for the Northwest-
ern game on January 4th which
come during the Christmas vacation
period. Student Identification Cards
and Athletic Coupons will be honored
for admission to these two games as
long as space is available. After the
students and Faculty have been ad-
mitted, if space is still available, a
limited number of tickets also may be
sold to alumni and the public for these
games at $100 each, tax included.
(Continued on Page 5)
Edited Fifty-Seventh Year
UEitesand managed by students of the
University of Michigan under the author-
ity of the Board in Control of Student
Robert Goldman........Managing Editor
Milton Freudenheim....Editorial Director
Clayton Dickey...............City Editor
Mary Brush...............Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.................Associate Editor
Paul Harsha.............Associate Editor
Clark Baker..............Sports Editor
Des Howarth......Associate Sports Editor
Jack Martin......Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk............... Women's Editor
Lynne Ford. Associate Women's Editor
Robert E. Potter ........ Business Manager,
Evelyn Mills... Associate Business Manager
Janet Cork.....Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
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newstdispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited in this newspaper. All rights of
re-publication of all other matters herein
are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00. by mail, $6.00.
Tell Baxter we'll do the best we can.1
Get the facts on the raffle. He's got
a nerve- But maybe it won't hurt to
It's funny- He's always
seemed like a nice guy-
Never pulling strings.
How rude of that salesman!
To keep me waiting. What's
got into him ...? Doesn't
Oh. It's 'OU- About
time, I'd say- Well,