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November 13, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-13

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ATOMIC
COMMISSION
See Page 4

1MwA6

I uitjj

CLEAR,

COLD

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 44 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Set Record First Day
Vote For Legislature
Over 4,000 Ballots Cast By Students,
Voting For 27 Positions Will End Today.
Over 4,000 ballots, a record first-day vote, were cast yesteday in the
Student Legislature elections.
With one day still left in the race of 73 candidates for the 27 posi-
tions, the vote lacked only 300 ballots of passing the previous record
total of 4,280 ballots, set last year in the Legislature's first election.
Voting will continue from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. today, when the tabula-
tion of votes will begin in the Union Ballroom. The counting will be open to
all who wish to watch the procedure.
It is unlikely that final results will be known before Friday, Terrall
Whitsitt, chairman of the Legislature's election committee, said last
night, because of the heavy vote and the lengthy counting process re-
quired by the use of the Hare proportional plan.
Whitsitt warned that a strict check will be.kept on the polls today
nbecause of reports that judges and

Martin Asks

20

Per Cent

Tax

Cut

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Soviet, U.S.

To

Talk Disarmament

L

Faculty Grading
By U Students
To Be Studied
LS&A Group Will Act
On Plan by February
The machinery necessary for fac-
ulty approval of the Student Legisla-
ture's faculty grading plan was set
into motion last night by a literary
college administrative committee.
Personal Approval
After expressing personal approv-
al of the plan, the committee, made
up of Dean Erich A. Walter, Asso-
ciate Dean Lloyd Woodburne, Assis-
tant Dean Charles Peake and Chair-
man of Academic Counselors Ar-
thur Van Duren, said they would ask
the literary college's executive com-
mittee to appoint a five member
committee to consider the proposal.
Academic Committee
This committee would work with
the Legislature's academic commit-
tee in drawing up final plans for the
system's operation. Its report would
then be placed on the agenda of the
next meeting of the literary college
faculty.
The faculty meets on the $rst
Monday of each month. Dean Walter
pointed out that the agenda for De-
cember is filled with special orders
and that consideration of the report
will probably have to be postponed
until the February meeting. The
faculty will not meet in January.
Each Semester
The plan, which provides for
anonymous student grading of in-
structors and courses at the end of
each semester, would be used as a
basis for promotion policies and in-
ternal improvements. Consideration
of a similar plan, offered at the be-
ginning of the war, was deferred un-
til peace-time.
New Technic
11 Sale Today
The November issue of the Michi-
gan Technic, engineering students
publication, will appear on campus
today and tomorrow.
Technic salesmen will be stationed
all day in the Engineering Arch. High
pressure selling such as those used
by Gargoyle salesmen will not be tol-
erated, Milt David, editor, said. David
emphasized that the Technic editors
will depend upon the interesting con-
tents of the magazine to sell it to the
students.
The first issue will feature a "Time
and Motion Study" by Arthur Jones.
The article is a general analysis of
the methods of promoting greater
production efficiency used by engi-
neers to save consumers millions of
dollars every year.
Also featured will be a discussion
of "silicones" by Ted Gier. The arti-
cle presents a brief historical sum-
mary of the development of silicones,
explains th production flow-sheet
and includes the uses of the new com-
pounds.
An explanation of the construction
and operation of heavy-duty air-
brake installations, information on
improved shock-absorbing devices
and a discussion of methods of com-
pressing electrical circuits will also
be included in the issue.
Slosson Explains
Colonial~Problems
Simple anti-imperialism will not
solve the colonial problem, Prof.
Preston W. Slosson, of the history de-
partment, declared last night.

watchers have been trying to influ-
ence voters. He also reminded stu-
dents that Virginia Brown, former
non-partisan candidate, has with-
drawn from the election.
Polls will be -open today on the
Diagonal, at the Engineering Arch,
in the lobby of Angell Hall and in
front of the Economics Building and
the University Museum. A special
ballot box will be stationed in the
Law Quadrangle from 8:30 a.m. to 2
Terry Whitsitt, chairman of the
Election Committee stated last
night that the ballot box originally
located at the Natural Science
Building had been officially re-
placed in front of Barbour Gym.
"There have been irregularities re-
ported concerning this ballot box
all during the election day and the
box has been missing since the
polls were closed. The Teller's Di-
vision of the Election Committee
will make the final decision regard-
ing the disposition of the ballots
cast in the missing box."
p.m. and on the ground floor of the
University Hospital from 2 to 3:30
p.m.
Because the voting is conducted
according to the Hare system.
Roundup
Qf
World News
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12 - (N) -
President Truman approved tonight
a recommendation by former Attor-
ney General Francis Biddle for estab-
lishment by the United Nations of a
code of international criminal law.
DENVER, Nov. 12 - (IP) - The
greatest series of mercy missions in
Colorad's history winged over
eastern and southern parts of the
state today in a struggle against
mountainous snowdrifts to save
both human beings and livestock.
** *
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12--(P)--The
Navy is sending 4,000 men with Rear
Admiral Richard E. Byrd to the bot-
tom of the world this winter to train
under harsh polar conditions.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12-(A) -
Reparations Commissioner Edwin
W. Pauley disclosed today the Unit-
ed States is determined to begin
the task of deciding how to divide
reparations from Japan early in
December-even without Russia's
participation.
* *
LONDON, Nov. 12-(,P)-Winston
Churchill renewed tonight his asser-
tion that a vast Russian army was
being maintained on a virtual war
footing in Europe.

jRussian offer
Is Welcomed
ByConnally
Gromyko Claims
UN Wasting Time
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Nov. 12-
The United States welcomed tonight
the renewed Russian offer to start
now on solving the world's arms prob-
lems and Soviet Russia showed a
great desire to take up the subject as
quickly as possible.
Cooperation %
U. S. Senator Tom Connally,
(Dem., Tex.), chairman of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee and
an American delegate to the UN, said
that the United States welcomed
Russia's "cooperation" in the matter
of disarmament.
Almost simultaneously, Afidrei A.
Gromyko, Soviet delegate, informed
the important political committee of
the United Nations that it was wast-
ing too much time talking about the
relations between the security coun-
cil and the assembly "at the expense
of the more important questions of
disarmament, economic issues, and
the presence of troops on non-enemy
territory."
"We should spend more time on
more productive work," Gromyko
said.
Proposals
Assembly delegations were consid-
erably interested in the speech made
last night by Russian Foreign Minis-
ter V. M. Molotov to the Foreign Press
Association in New York in which he
said that the proposals of Russia and
the United States on arms reduction
'can be harmonized.'
Student Groups
Hit Proposed
Rezoning Plan
Three social fraternities and one
sorority have added their weight to a
petition being circulated among resi-
dents adjacent to the corners of
South University and Washtenaw
Avenues, to protest changing the city
zoning ordinance.
Representatives of Kappa, Alpha
Theta, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Theta
Xi, and Theta Chi have joined with
Mrs. A. W. Coxon, 1417 S. University,
to protest a proposed amendment to
the city zoning ordinance.
The proposed amendment would
permit the construction of an office
building on the Northwest corner of
Washtenaw and South University as
studios for the owners of WJBK, in
Detroit who have received permis-
sion to erect a radio station here.
Property devaluation, inconven-
ience, congestion and constriction of
available parking space were some of
the reasons given by Don Boor, Theta
Chi president for protesting the
change.

Other Policies
Presented By
GOP Leader

HONORS UNKNOWN SOLDIER-President Truman lays a wreath on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at
Arlington, Va., in observance of Armistice Day as an Honor Guard stands by at attention.

Pe ace Council,
Hits Snag On
Trieste Issue
Rejects Italian Bid
For Separate Parley
NEW YORK, Nov. 12-P)-The
foreign ministers council tangled to-
:ight on the future of troubled Tri-
este after the United States lodged
its firm opposition to a Soviet propo-
sal for modification of an Italian
peace pact clause on control of the
ancient Adriatic port.
The council reached no final set-
tlement on the issue, but pushed a-
side-temporarily at least-an ap-
parent willingness on the part of
Italy to undertake independent ne-
gotiations with Yugoslavia.
Unsuccessful
Foreign minister Molotov of Rus-
sia attempted unsuccessfully to re-
turn the problem of Trieste to the
Council's deputies for a further
study on the basis of two points
which would, in effect:
1. Cut down the authority of the
appointive governor of Trieste. Rus-
sia has maintained consistently that
the powers of the elective assembly
in the international zone should be
strengthened instead.
Deadline
2. Set a deadline (Molotov did not
specify for how long) for removal of
all foreign troops from the Trieste
territory.
Byrnes, however, stood pat on the
French plan which was approved by
a 15 to 6 vote at the Paris Peace
Conference. That plan =would give
the governor strong powbrs to carry
out mandates of the United Nations
Security Council.
The Secretary of State, according
to persons present at the Council's
deliberations, maintained that the
French plan, in itself, was a compro-
mise from previous Anglo-American
proposals and a product of long work
and hard study. He demanded a
paragraph by paragraph review of
that plan when the Council resumes
its deliberations tomorrow. His col-
leagues accepted that request.
Molotov, observers said, made it
clear that he was not opposing all
the terms of the French plan, but,
was objecting to the powers for the
governor.
British Ships Ready
For AlbanianI ssue
LONDON, Nov. 12 - (P) - British

PURELY SOCIAL:
'U' Women Veterans Among
First in Country toOrganize
tl"

By CLAYTON DICKEY
The University of Michigan Women
Veterans Association is one of the
few organizations of its kind in the
national collegiate scene.
On most campuses women veterans
are too few in number to organize,
but even where large numbers are
enrolled they tend to join groups al-
ready set up by male veterans-
mainly AVC and local organizations,
such as Anchor and Eagle at North-
western.
The University ranks third in
the nation in women veteran en-
rollment with a total .of 308. Min-
nesota leads with 680, the Univer-
sity of California has 544 on the
Berkeley campus, Wisconsin has
262, Ohio State 257, Chicago 222,
Indiana 182, Iowa and Michigan
State 157 each, Illinois 113 and
Northwestern 36,
Only Michigan, Ohio State and
Indiana have seperate organizations
for women veterans. At Wisconsin
and Michigan State they are still in
the discussion stage.
From the overall view, it is evident
that women veterans on college cam-
puses affiliate mainly for social rea-
sons. Few have evinced any desire
to band together for political causes
since the day they exchanged their
uniforms for skirts and sweaters and
settled down to the academic life..
According to ex-WAC first lieu-
tenant Ann Dearnley, president of

the Women Veterans Association,
the 105 members of the organiza-
tion attend the bi-weekly meetings
because "we have similar interests
and like to be together."
The association does not want to
be an active political group because
See WOMEN VETS, Page 6
Meat Worker's
Warn of Strike.
CHICAGO, Nov. 12-(P-The CIO
United Packinghouse Workers an-
nounced today that local union rep-
resentatives voted to prepare for
strike action unless wage and other
demands can be settled through col-
lective bargaining.
Ralph Helstein, union president.
said the strike, if called, would affect
the large packing companies and most
of the smaller ones.
"Although we desire in every way
to avoid the necessity of a strike,"
he said in a statement, "the interests
of our membership require that con-
ditions of work and income be suffi-
ciently adequate and secure as to per-
mit them to live decently."
J. E. Wilson, General Superinten-
dent of Swift and Co., said the union
wa§ "not justified in resorting to
coercive tactics at a time when we are
carrying on negotiations.

Urges Support of
Streamine' Plan
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12- Rep.
Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachu-
setts, heir-apparent to the speaker-
ship of the House of Representatives,
came out flatly today for a 20 per
cent income tax reduction "straight
across the board."
He advocated also (1) close adher-
ence to the congressional "stream-
lining" plan approved last summer,
(2) an indefinite reduction in gov-
ernment spending, and (3) legis-
lation putting the Speaker of the
House in line for presidency in the
event of vacancies in both the presi-
dency and the vice-presidency.
First News Conference
And, at his first news conference
since Republicans won control of the
House in the November 5 election,
the 62-year-old bachelor publisher
indicated he will follow a "hands-
off" course in the brewing fight over
the post of Republican House floor~
leader.
He emphasized to approximately
100 correspondents who crowded into
the cramped quarters of the , Re-
publican floor leader-a post he will
vacate if he becomes speaker-that
he spoke only his own views.
Plan Party Policy
Broad matters of party policy and
a definite legislative program for
presentation to Congress when it
convenes on January 3, Martin said,
will grow out of a series of meetings
starting Thursday with assembly of
the Republican House Steering Com-
mittee. '
The Steering Committee, which
shapes party policy, is made up of
about 20 leading House Republi-
cans. Martin said it will break up
into subcommittees, enlarged to ac-
commodate members of legislative
committees, for the study of various
phases of legislative program.
The House group, he disclosed,
probably will meet Friday with the
Senate's steering committee. And a
meeting of all Republican represen-
tatives-elect, scheduled for Decem-
ber 2, probably will be postponed to
give the study committees more time
to work.
Truman Fails
To Conciliate
Housing -RFC
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12- () -
President Truman's effort to concili-
ate the clash between Housing Boss
Wilson Wyatt and the RFC, over
nearly $90,000,000 in loans to assem-
ly-line home producers, wound up
tonight in "complete disagreement."
Wyatt and George E. Allen, a Di-
rector of Reconstruction Finance
Corporation, stood shoulder to shoul-
der and so told reporters immediate-
ly after leaving a 45-minute confer-
ece in the President's office.
"There is complete disagreement
between Wyatt and Allen, and noth-
ing has been settled," Allen said.
Reporters at first thought he was
being facetious, but Wyatt promptly
put in:
"That is a perfectly accurate state-
ment."
The two said they would meet to-
morrow to try again for a settlement.
Reconversion Director John R. Steel-
man accompanied them to the White
House today but the next session is
expected to be strictly an Allen-vs.-
Wyatt affair.
Confronted with rising building
costs-because of Saturday's de-
control of building materials prices
and construction wages - Wyatt
served notice he would continue to
press for loans to finance firms pion-
eering in the low-cost, assembly-line
housing field.
Safe Driving Rules

I i" - - 72 "r 7'

ELECTION ANALYSIS:
Meisel Says Political Trends
Of Europe, U.S. Are Opposed

PROF. FORD SA YS:
Tax Amendment Will Result
In New Revenue Measures

By PHYLLIS KAYE
Election results in France, as well
as Italy, demonstrate once more
that "political trends in Europe and
America are going in opposite direc-
tions," Dr. James H. Meisel, of the
political science department, de-
clared yesterday.
The U. S. has just voted a right-
ist party into power, while Europe
has shown definite leftist gains.
However, he pointed out that the
French political revolution, if com-
ing, is still in a very early stage an
it is unlikely that either the Com-
munists or the de Gaullists will be
able to "dominate the scene" in
the near future.

the Communist vote may be consid-
ered a "protest vote."
In France, the electorate favored
both leftist and rightist groups,
with loss suffered by the Socialist
Party. This party could now be
considered more of a "middle class
than a proletariat" party, he assert-
ed.
The Communists gained 17 seats
over the preceding interim assembly,
the M.R.P. lost five, the Socialists lost
25 and rightist groups gained 15.
Dr. Meisel explained that the
election had been largely a battle
between parties due to the great
apathy and non-participation
among the people.
The "most significant feature of

By FRANCES PAINE
The drastic loss of revenue which
will be caused by the new sales tax
amendment will force the state to cut
operating expenses, reduce state aid
or levy new taxes, according to Prof.
Robert Ford, director of the Bureau
of Government.
In his pre-election analysis of the
sales tax amendment, Prof. Ford
pointed out that the state will be giv-
ing up 76 per cent of the proceeds of
the retail sales tax.
According to the amendment, one-
sixth of the three cent sales tax will
be returned to cities, townships and
villages on population basis, another
one-sixth to the school districts on

25 per cent of the $168,000,000
available for general uses from the
state general fund, Prof. Ford
pointed out.
"With a revenue loss of this magni-
tude," he said, "the state will have to
adopt some alternative or combina-
tion of alternatives, such as cutting
operating expenses, reducing state
aid, or increasing taxes."
Operating and administrative ex-
penses for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1946, were approximately
$72,000,000. This represents an 18
per cent increase over the preceding
yeat, but when you consider that
last year also showed a 26 per cent
increase in state aid to local units,

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