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November 09, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-11-09

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CANDIDATES'
STATEMENTS
See Page 2

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COLDER
CLOUDY,

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 41 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

League Officers

'RESEARCH SHACKLED':

Condemn
Ellen Hill Stresses
'Individual Merit'
Terming the parties for the Stu-
dent Legislature election a threat to
student unification, the president and
vice-president of the League Under-
graduate Council yesterday issued an
appeal for students to vote only ac-
cording to individual merits.
In a statement to The Daily, Ellen
Hill, League president, and Josephine
Simpson, vice-president, said that
"the current crisis threatens to re-
sult in a definite cleavage between af-
filiated and unaffiliated students."
Admitting that parties perform
necessary function in "governments
dominated by major issues," the coeds
charged that "there appear to be no
issues in this campaign upon which
slates can justify their-existence."
"The University has been noted for
the friendly relations between its in-
dependent and sorority women," they
continued, "but the formation of par-
ties for this election may undo all
progress which has been made in uni-
fication."
Their appeal 'to ignore party lines"
followed the withdrawal Thursday
of four sorority members from the
University Committee on the grounds
that the parties had inadvertently
been drawn up on fraternity-inde-
pendent lines.
There are two parties running in
the Legislature elections, in addition
to 29 non-partisan candidates. The
University Committee is largely com-
posed of affiliated students. The All-
Campus Slate, drawn up in opposition
to the Legislature's present leader-
ship, is predominantly made up of in-
dependents.
* ~* *
Campus To Vote
For Legislators
Twenty-seven members of the Stu-
dent Legislature will be chosen in
the campus elections Tuesday and
Wednesday, Terrell Whitsitt, elec-
tion committee chairman, announced
yesterday.
The number of legislators was de-
termined by the amendment ratified
in last month's election, providing
that one legislator shall be chosen for
every 800 students, plus one for every
vacancy that has occurred since the
preceding election. The present Leg-
islature consists of 14 members.
Polls for the election will be open
from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Tuesday
and from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Wed-
nesday. The polls will close early on
Wednesday because of the involved
method of counting votes when the
Hare plan of representation is used.
Under th Hare plan voters may vote
for as many candidates as they
choose, indicating their preferences
by number.
A pre-election rally will be held
at 7:30 p.m. Monday in the Union
ballroom. All candidates may speak
during the rally.
Symphony Will
Give Concert
Cleveland Group To
Play Here Tomorrow
Presenting its ninth performance
in Ann Arbor, the Cleveland Or-
chestra will be heard in the third
concert of the Choral Union Series

at 7 p.m. tomorrow.
The orchestra will appear here for
the first time under the direction of
its new conductor, George Szell.
According to Charles A. Sink, presi-
dent of the University Musical So-
ciety, the Orchesta's woodwind and
string sections have been substan-
tially enlarged by Szell.
The program follows:
Smetana: Vysehrad, symphonic
poem from the cycle, "My Country";
Britten: Three Sea Interludes from
"Peter Grimes"; Strauss: Don Juan,
tone poem; Schubert: Symphony in
C major, No. 7.
Vandenberg Backed
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 7-(A')-
Tennessee's senior Senator K. D. Mc-

Slates

Blakeslee Sees Potential
Disaster In Atom Board

Vandenberg Reaffirms
U.S. Non-Partisan Stand;

v

SGT. DEWEY G. BONNEWELL
Sgt. Bonnewell
Leaves ROTC
After 21 Years
By EUNICE MINTZ
M/Sgt. Dewey G. Bonnewell, "jack
of all trades" for the ROTC unit,
joined the Amy when things "got
tough."
That was 27 years ago, when a re-
cruiting sergeant in his home town,
Indianapolis, got him to enlist on
about the ninth try.
Sgt. Bonnewell was sent to the
ROTC unit here in October of 1925,
and has been here ever since. When
he came he was a private first class.
Now a master sergeant, he is going
on terminal leave Nov. 16 and will
retire from the Army the end of De-
cember.
The Sergeant said that he's "had
a wonderful career here," adding that
"it has been grand duty." He's been
everything from cook and chauffeur,
to instructing on the rifle range, ac-
counting for his self-imposed title
"jack of- all trades," and, modestly,
"a master of none."
Sgt. Bonnewell said that during his
21 years with the unit here he has
seen about seven commanding, offi-
cers and at least 100 subordinate of-
ficers come and go. He estimates
200 of his former ROTC boys have
come back to town and looked him
up, and he is proud of the record of
the ROTC boys during the war.
"Almost all of our ROTC men were
in combat during the war," he said,
adding: "they made a great record.
They come back sporting campaign
See BONNEWELL, Page 6
Chiang Troops
To Cease Fire
Generalissimo Acts
To Push Negotiations
NANKING, Nov. 8-(P-Chiang
Kai-Shek today ordered the guns of
his Kuomintang armies stilled
throughout China and Manchuria
"except as necessary to defend pre-
sent positions" by way of emphasiz-
ing the government's desire to end
the civil war and achieve political
stability.
This surprise action was intended
to wipe out the Chinese Communists'
principal argument against parti-
cipating in peace negotiations and
the national constitutional assembly
scheduled to meet next Tuesday.
The Generalissimo's order covered
the Nationalist armies fighting on
half a dozen civil war fronts from
the Yangtze River northward
through Manchuria.
Unilateral Action
In a midnight statement, after
studying the text of Chiang's two-
page announcement, the Commun-
ist peace delegation said it saw no
cause for optimism. It charged that
Chiang had acted unilaterally, with-
out previously consulting the Com-
munists, and said the exception made
in regard to defending present posi-
tions "may still serve as a pretext
for all kinds of military operations."
Third party groups which have
been trying to bring the two sides to-
gether, said it was very doubtful that
the declaration offered any pathway
for Communist or third party parti-
cipation in the national assembly.

By BILL DE GRACE
The McMahon Act, setting up the
newly appointed atomic energy com-
mission, "is an entering wedge," and
"may well cause the downfall of the
United States," Howard W. Blake-
slee, Associated Press Science Edi-
tor told the University Press Club of
Michigan yesterday.
The death penalty may apply,
Blakeslee pointed out, for publica-
tion of information concerning
State To Meet
Michigan Today
In Old Rivalry
Wolverines To Seek
Seventh Straight Win
By CLARK BAKER
Back on the winning trail again,
Michigan's gridiron warriors will slip
out of the Big Nine to clash with
Michigan State at 2 p.m. today in
Michigan Stadium in the 39th re-
newal of a football series which start-
ed in 1898.
Cloudy and cold was the weather-
man's good word for the game but'
yesterday's rain assured that it would
that it would also be muddy going
for the inter-State rivals. A crowd of
about 80,000 fans is expected but
with good weather the game may be
witnessed by a sellout throng.
In the long rivalry which began
when the Spartans were still known
as Michigan Aggies, the Wolverines
have piledup an impressive 29 wins
over the State lads while losing but
six contests and tying three. Not since
Fritz Crisler came to Michigan after
the 1937 season have the Spartans
been able to top the Maize and Blue.
The Wolverines will be heavily fa-
vored to make it seven in a row over
the State lads today. Michigan State
has looked anything but impressive
to date. Starting out with what Coach
Charlie Bachman called the best ma-
terial he had ever had at the Lansing
schoo, the Spartans have failed to
hit the .500 mark.
See SPARTANS, Page 3
Hannegan Seen
Quitting Post
President Expects Him
To Remain in Cabinet
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8 - () -
Friends of Robert E. Hannegan said
today he may resign soon as chairman
of the Democratic National Commit-
tee while retaining his portfolio of
Postmaster -Gene ra.
Paul Fitzpatrick of Buffalo, New
York Democratic chairman, is talked
of most as Hannegan's likely succes-
sor if the latter should step down.
Some demands for Hannegan's
resignation came in the wake of the
Republican election sweep but the
friends who spoke of his relinquish-
ing the party helm said the action, if
taken, would be due solely to his
physical condition.
Hannegan entered a hospital earlier
this week for a physical checkup and
consequently was not on hand when
President Truman held his first post-
election Cabinet meeting today. Sec-
retary of War .Patterson reported
that the election was discussed
"only in a very general way," while
Attorney General Clark told report-
ers there was no discussion of it at all.
Secretary of Commerce Harriman,
asked whether any Cabinet resigna-
tions came up, called the question
"absurd." And Secretary of Agricul-
ture Anderson volunteered that he
has no intention of resigning and does
not think "the President has any in-

tention of firing me."
Mr. Truman told a news confer-
ence before the election that he ex-
pected Hannegan to remain as Post-
master General and part chairman
but doctors advised the 43-year-old
Missourian months ago that he had
better slow up in his double job.

atomic weapons or atomic power
which the committee may rule sec-
ret. Scientific research will be
shackled and scientists cannot work
under such restrictions as now seem
to threaten them, he asserted.
"I believe further that this same
act is the first step in ending the
freedom of the press. At present
atomic energy news that may be for-
bidden is relatively small. Some day,"
he predicted, "this atomic energy
field will be very large, cutting across
much of industry and chemistry, and
if the present law stands I believe
a commission in Washington will
have the power to tell you what you
can print."
Leading scientific societies have
been advised by their attorneys that
in their opinion nuclear scientists
will not have the right to publish
their atom work without first getting
the publication approved by the
atomic energy commission, Blake-
slee stated.
"You can live with the atom bomb
if you have to," he asserted. "You
will not destroy the world, or even
a nation that is powerful, alert, and
well defended."
"No physicist has even a theory
as to how to get any energy except
through uranium." The properties
of uranium are natural properties, he
explained, and the real credit goes
to nature. He said scientists merely
discovered this property.
Discussing the underwater "Bak-
er Test," Blakeslee described the
scene as "a Niagara Fals upside
down."
Porter Awaits
Decontrol Nod;
To Resign Soon
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8 - (P) -
Only an approving nod from Presi-
dent Truman was needed tonight to
touch off a "grapd sweep" of price
and wage controls, to be followed by
the resignation of Price Administra-
tor Paul Porter.
Top level officials who have guid-
ed these war and post-war restraints
said they expect government price
lids to fall from everything except
rents and the few foods still con-
trolled, sugar, syrups and rice. Their
definition of "everything" notably
included building materials and au-
tomobiles.
Porter Resignation
And as soon as the White House
announces the decision, it was
learned, Porter will ask Truman to
let him out at once.
Some informed officials had ex-
pected the President to discuss the
impending decision at his first post-
election Cabinet meeting today.
However, Cabinet members told re-
porters afterward that there had been
no talk about decontrol.
Late this afternoon Senator John-
ston (Dem., SC) said after talking
with the White House that "all con-
trols will be taken off the manufac-
ture of textiles within the very near
future."
Help Carolina
Johnston told a reporter that "this
will mean a great deal to South Caro-
lina because one-fourth of the active
spindles in the United States are op-
erated in my state."
Rumor Italians To
Parley with Tito
ROME, Nov. 8--()-A usually
well-informed souce said tonight
that Foreign Minister Pierto Nenni
might go to Belgrade soon to explore
further the avenues for direct settle-
ment of Italian-Yugoslav difficulties
opened by Communist Palmiro Tog-
liatti's talk with Marshal Tito last

weekend.
If Nenni does go to Belgrade, it
would mean that Premier de Gasperi's
four-party government had decided,
despite the storm of controversy
aroused by Togliati's "unofficial mis-
sion," to follow up the Communist
leader's move.

Danube
Romanian Pact
Is Considered
By UN Council
Trieste Dispute To Be
Shelved Temporarily
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 8-The foreign
ministers Council, shelving tempor-
arily the problem of troubled Trieste,
tonight rubbed a few rough .spots
off the peace pacts for Italy and Ro-
mania, but ran into a new deadlock
on the question of free navigation of
the Danube.
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov of
Russia protested against inclusion of
the free Danube navigation clause in
the Romanian peace pact and the
issue was put aside for consideration
later.
Maintains Rights
This action came after British
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, ar-
guing for immediate action on the
proposal, told his colleagues that
Britain, as the country which fought
longest in the war, did not propose
to sacrifice rights she held before
the conflict began.
Britain's stand was suported by
Secretary of State Byrnes.
In the course of the long meeting:
the Council:
1. Sent to its deputies for a clearer
and tighter definition a proposal to
prevent Italy from prosecuting sol-
diers who deserted in order to join
the Allies during the war.
Freedom Clause
2. Rejected a Yugoslav proposal
for inclusion in the Italian peace
treaty of a clause guaranteeing fun-
damental freedom and human r6iats
of individuals. The action came after
Molotov contended this provision was
already covered.
The Council postponed action on a
proposal for inclusion of a clause in
the Romanian peace pa.ct for res-
toration of property seized by Ro-
mania despite a sharp demand for
immediate action from Bevin.
Earlier Italy formally notified the
Foreign Ministers Council today of
its rejection of a propsed swap of the
Italian inland city of Gorizia in re-
turn for establishment of troubled
Trieste as an autonomous state un-
der Italian supervision.
Bidault Backs
Gen. De Gaulle
Communists Make Bid
For French Offices
PARIS, Nov. 8 - () - President
Georges Bidault's MRP party, in a
last minute bid for support in Sun-
day's elections in which Communists
are making their first outright ef-
fort to organize a Communist govern-
ment of France, announced today it
would support Gen. Charles De
Gaulle for first president of the
Fourth Republic if he wants the of-
fice.
The election is the first since the
war in which French men and women
will vote for full-term deputies to a
National Assembly and the MRP and
Communists each have declared they
will try to form a government with-
out the aid of the other. All France's
other post-war governments have
been provisional coalitions.
The main contest is between the
two major parties-MRP represent-
ing the center, and the Communists
the far left, with the Socialists rank-
ing a close third.
Today's announcement by the MRP

was an obvious bid to the large num-
ber of supporters De Gaulle has
throughout France. It was designed
to mend relations between the MRP
and De Gaulle, which were severely
strained when the MRP voted for
adoption of the new constitution cre-
ating the Fourth Republic.

TO RETIRE -Prof. John L.
Brumm, member of the Universityj
faculty since 1905 and chairman
of the journalism department sincej
1921, will go on retirement fur-
lough next fall.
Truman Should
Stay inOffice,
Wallace Says
BALTIMORE, Nov. 8 - (P --
The Baltimore Sun in an interview
with Henry A. Wallace tonight quot-
ed the former secretary of commerce
as expressing belief it would be "to
the best interests of the United States
that President Truman continue as
President" despite GOP control of
Congress.
Commenting on a recent sugge-
tion by Senator Fulbright (Dem.,
Ark.) that President Truman appoint
Republican Senator Vandenberg Sec-
retary of State and then resign-
which would put Vandenberg in the
White House - Wallace declared
"President Truman is preferable to
either Senator Vandenberg or Secre-
tary Byrnes," the Sun article said.
The article, under a Washington
dateline, went on to quote Wallace:
"My recent trip across the country
just prior to the election convinced
me beyond any doubt that the elec-
tions would have been much more fa-
vorable to the Democratic party if
we were following a truly American
policy; with peace as its objective, in-
stead of the Vandenberg braggadocio
'get tough' policy."
Wallace was ousted from the Cabi-
net by President Truman after he
took issue with Secretary Byrnes' for-
eign policy.
Wallace, the Sun said, emphasized
that he "still considers himself a
Democrat and intends to do his best
to win the party membership for the
progressive cause."
'Progressives'
Plan To Expand
Independents Will
Work for Ideals of FDR
WASHINGTON, Nov. 8 - (P) -
Thirty leaders of the "Conference of
Progressives" resolved today to ex-
pand their forces for political action
despite "setbacks" in Tuesday's elec-
tions.
Disavowing any intentions of
forming a third party, the group,
which banded together last Septem-
ber in Chicago, called a convention
in Washington in mid-January to
chart a fight "for the ideals of
Franklin D. Roosevelt."
"We will take further steps," said
a resolution unanimously adopted,
"towards our goal of mobilizing the
most effective liberal - progressive
coalition ever brought together in
the history of our country."
Participating in today's session
were such labor and other leaders as
Philip Murray, CIO president, Hen-
ry Morgenthau, Jr.; who presided;
representatives of the CIO Political
Action Committee and the National
Citizens PAC, and Harold L. Ickes,
Executive chairman of the Indepen-
dent Citizens Committee of the Arts,
Sciences and Professions
a prpcnl ii finn ,1 0010 .oA rinnrrr,'n

Deadlock Seen

Whole-Hearted
Cooperation'
In UN Pledged
Senator Disapproves
Assessment Increase
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Nov. 8-
Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg (Rep.,
Mich.) told the United Nations in a
post-election statement today that it
could count on the whole-hearted co-
operation of the United States in the
quest for peace regardless of what
political regime sat in Washington.
Vandenberg's speech before the UN
budgetary committee was the first
direct declaration on broad American
policy in the United Nations since
Tuesday's landslide swept the Repub-
licans into power and placed him
nearer the top rung among American
foreign policy makers.
Move To Allay Speculation
It was interpreted immediately
among UN delegations as a move to
allay any speculation of a possible
change in the United States position
because of the American political
overturn.
Appearing before the committee to
reiterate that the United States could
not agree to a report of financial ex-
perts calling for this country to pay'
half the proposed $23,000,000 admin-
istrative budget for the UN in 1947,
the Republican senator declared:
"I reassert, with whatever author-
ity I possess, that, regardless of what
political regime sits in Washington,
you can count upon the whole-heart-
ed cooperation of the government of
the United States in striving, through
the United Nations, for a system of
mutual defense against aggression
and for organized peace-with-justice
in a better, safer and happier world."
Ceiling on Assessments
Stressing economy in UN expendi-
tures, Vandenberg elaborated on his
previous declaration that the United
States wanted a 25 per cent ceiling
on assessments but was willing to
"pay more" next year in the view of
changing conditions.
"This is not a matter of money,"
he said, "it is a matter of principle."
Vandenberg's remarks were made,
as speculation mounted over Russia's
Pacific island policy after an unex-
plained Soviet postponement of a
speech generally expected to answer
the United States' take-it-or-leave it
offer of limited UN trusteeship over
the Japanese mandated islands.
Three Controversies
These developments came as the
United States maintained its position
in three other controversies before
the UN:
1. The American delegation decid-
ed to continue supporting a proposal
asking the Security Council to recon-
sider its rejection of UN member-
ship applications from Ireland, Portu-
gal, Trans-Jordan, Albania and Outer
Mongolia.
2. On the long-debated Spanish is-
sue, the United States has not
changed its policy calling for con-
demnation of the Franco regime and
also maintains opposition to any
"coercive action" such as a world-
wide break in diplomatic relations
with Madrid as proposed by Poland
and economic sanctions as fostered
by White Russia.
3. Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt vigorously
defended the right of European refu-
gees to decide whether they wish to
return to their home countries, as op-
posted to repeated Russian demands
by Andrei Y. Vishinsky, Soviet Dep-
uty Foreign Minister, that all be
forced to return.
America Splits
With Albania

WASHINGTON, Nov. 8 - () -
The government today announced
plans for a new cruise by American
warships into the Eastern Mediter-
ranean and severed political relations
with Albania, one of the countries in
the high tension area.
First, the navy disclosed that three
ships, including an aircraft carrier
will call at Turkish and Greek ports

WEAlR YOUR OVERCOAT:
80,000 To See Traditional Clash Today
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