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October 29, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-10-29

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ALL OR
NOTHING
See Page 4

L

Latest Deadline in the State

4711

CLOIUDY,
MILD

-1

VOL. LVII No. 31

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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i i41 V lt'! i' .a T 1Lf V IFd i I.;
wammommmmmew

.

Student Positions
Will Be Filled in
Elections Today

Truman Promises

'Positively

No Strike',

U.S. Agrees

To Parley

With Coal Miners;

Llienthal Named to Atomic Commission

Polls will be open from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. today for the election of
student members of the Board in Control of Student Publications, Union
vice-presidents, senior class officers and chairmen of J-Hop.
The student body will also vote on a Student Legislature amendment
setting the number of legislators to be chosen each semester at one fot
every 800 students, plus one for every vacancy that has occurred since the
preceding election.
Ballot boxes will be stationed at the engineering arch, on the diagonal,
in the lobby of Angell Hall and in front of the Economics Building and
Barbour Gymnasium. There will be a box in the Law Quadrangle from 8:30
- a.m. to 2 p.m. and on the ground
floor of University Hospital from 2
Cam FEPC pm. to 5 p.m.
All students, upon presentation of
Ca identification cards, may vote for the
three student members of the Board
B b dA -in Control of Student Publications.
Be-Abandoned Candidates for these positions are
Howard Baumgarten, Ken Bissell,
Ray Ginger, Lois Iverson, David
Election Laws Make Loewenberg, John Shockley, Paul
Project Unworkable Sislin, Homer Swander and Donald
Pr~jct U w~rkble Wines.

The campus-wide petition cam-
paign for state FEPC -legislation
scheduled to open on Nov. 6 may
have to be abandoned, Ellen Vinacke,
spokesman for combined council re-
presenting AVC, IRA, MYDA and
the Lawyers Guild declared yester-
day.
"Since Michigan election laws de-
mand that a circulator of a petition
must be a registered voter in the
county where he circulates the peti-
tion, and must circulate the petition
within that county, the possibility
of conducting a successful campaign
among students here on campus
would appear unfeasible," Miss Vin-
acke said.
Unless the council can evolve a
plan for securing signatures of reg-
istered voters which conforms to
these laws, Miss Vinacke believes
that the project will probably be
dropped.
If representatives of the four cam-
pus organizations meeting at 7:30
today in the Union are unable to re-
solve the problems presented by the
election laws, AVC, IRA, MYDA and
the Lawyers Guild will nevertheless
actively support the campaigns to be
conducted by the Independent Citi-
zens Committee of Ann Arbor and
the Willow Village AVC, Miss Vin-
acke asserted.
Beginning immediately following
the state and congressional election,
Nov. 5, these groups will, with num-
erous other organizations, seek to se-
cure enough signatures of registered
voters to compel the State Legisla-
ture to act on the measure to estab-
lish an FEPC in Michigan. In order
to receive legislative consideration,
the signatures of eight per cent of
the persons who vote for the office
of governor in the Nov. 5 election
must be secured by Dec. 1.
Bard Appoints
Four Editors
Kauper, Woodruff
Assume Ne w Duties
Prof. Paul G. Kauper of the Law
School and Lee Woodruff of the
Grand Rapids Herald took office as
members of the Board in Control of
Student Publications at a meeting
yesterday which appointed two Daily
senior editors and four juniors.
Jack Martin was appointed Asso-
ciate Sport Editor, and Des Howarth
was reappointed to that position.
Harry Levine was appointed night
editor, Natalie Bagrow was promot-
ed from assistant night editor to
night editor, and Cindy Reagan and
Phyllis Kaye were appointed assist-
ant night editors.
Absentee Ballots Will Be
Notarized Free of Charge
Veterans who have received bal-
lots from their home communities
can have them notarized free of
charge either at the Veterans Serv-
ice Bureau, Rm. 100, Rackham Build-
ing, or by Miss Smith in the Dean of
Students Of ice, Rm. 2, University
Hall, Lorne Cook, AVC chairman,
said yesterday.
- - - - - - - - - -

Union Vice-Presidents
Five Union vice-presidents will be
chosen, one each from the literary
and engineering colleges, the medi-
cal and law schools and from all
other schools. Men may vote for one
person in their respective schools.
Ken Bissell, Thomas Heaton, Taibot
Honey, William Lambert, Sam Mas-
sie, Kenneth Tapp and Tom Walsh
are the candidates from the literary
college.
Engineering nominees include
Donald Granger, Ralph Kenyon,
Identification cards, required of
all voters in today's student elec-
tions, will be distributed between
9 a.m. and noon and between 1:30
and 4:30 p.m. today outside Rm. 2,
University Hall.
James Martin and George Spaulding.
Dick Ford, Mickey Jacobson, James
O'Conner and John Olsen are run-
ning from the law school; Ross
Hume from the medical school and
Orville Barton, Donald MacKinnon,
Normand Ruth and Charles Ker-
See POLLS, Page 2
Churchill Will
Speak About
'Europe Toda
"Europe Today" will be the topic
of Randolph Churchill's speech at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium,
it was announced yesterday.
Churchill had previously planned
to speak on "Socialism in England."
"Europe Today" is the title of his
syndicated newspaper column, which
is widely read in this country and
Great Britain. It is also published
in France, Belgium, Switzerland,I
Sweden, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Australia, Palestine, Iraq and many
South American countries.
In compiling material for his col-
umn. Churchill has visited almost
every country in Europe; he has in-
terviewed such well-known person-
alities as Tito, Franco, DeValera and
Molotov. This personal experience
and first-hand information will be
brought to the Oratorical Association
audience in his speech tonight.
During the war, Churchill served in
his father's old regiment, the 4th
Queen's Own Hussars. He sailed with
the Commandoes to the Middle East
in 1941, and was in Tobruk during the
seige.

Civilian Board
To Supersede
Army Control
Truman Nominates
Four Other Members
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28 - The
Atomic Energy Commission sprang to
life today as President Truman
named its five members, headed by
David E. Lilienthal.
Mr. Truman declared that the way
it solves the novel and complex prob-
lems before it "will determine the
course of civilization."
The civilian commission, superced-
ing the Army in control of the de-
velopment and use of atomic energy,
was created by act of Congress last
summer. Mr. Truman delayed the
appointments for three months, how-
ever, in a quest for qualified men.
Lilienthal, chairman of the Tenne-
ssee Valley Authority since 1941, has
been active in the field of nuclear
fission since the bomb was conceived
and headed the experts whose work
laid the base for this country's pro-
posals to the other nations for con-
trol of the new force.
The other four nominees to the
commission are:
Dr. Robert Fox Bacher, 41, Cornell
University physicist who worked on
the atomic bomb and is scientific con-
sultant to Bernard M. Baruch on the
United Nations Atomic Commission.
William Wesley Waymack, Pulit-
zer prize-winning editor of the Des
Moines Register and Tribune and a
director of the Chicago Federal Re-
serve Bank.
Sumner Tucker Pike, former in-
surance executive and member of the
Securities Commission.
Rear Adm. Lewis Lichtenstein
Strauss, retired, former secretary to
Herbert Hoover, member of the
Army-Navy Munitions Board and ac-
tive in cancer research, now a part-
ner in the New York banking firm of
Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
All five appointments are subject
to Senate confirmation when the new
Congress meets in January but little
opposition was foreseen. Meanwhile
the nominees will serve under interim
appointments.
Faculty Men
Approve Board
Commenting on President Tru-
man's appointment to the Atomic
Energy Commission, four University
faculty members concluded that the
nominees should comprise a board
adequate for the vital activities they
will supervise.
Dean Ralph Sawyer, of the Grad-
uate School, technical director of the
Bikini Operations, expressed special
enthusiasm about the naming of Dr.
Robert Fox Bacher to the commis-
sion. He said that Bacher, a son of
a former assistant dean of women
and recipient of a doctorate in phy-
sics at the University, is "certainly
a nuclear physics expert" and should
be an excellent man for the job.
Prof. John Perkins, of the political
science department, said: "Presi-
dent Truman has exercised his res-
ponsibilities . . with the greatest
care and good judgment."

i

NATION-WIDE TOUR-The Pacusan Dreamboat, which recently made a 10,500 mile flight Honolulu to
Cairo, arrived at Willow Run airport yesterday. The airport, which is being run by the University under li-
cense from the Federal Government, was the first st op on a nation-wide tour for the Dreamboat. The plane
will leave today for Omaha.

J'ACCUSE:
Stalin Names Churchill War
Instigator', 'Menace to Peace'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Tuesday, Oct. 29-Prime Minister Stalin named Winston
Churchill today among the "instigators of a new war" who, he said were
the greatest menace to peace at the present time.
Asked, in a series of questions submitted by Hugh Bailie, president of
the United Press Associations, what in his judgment was the current
"worst threat to world peace," Stalin replied:
'The instigators of a new war, in the first place Churchill and others
of a like mind in Britain and the' -

U.S.A."
Russia has 60 divisions, "most not
fully staffed," stationed in occupied
Eastern Europe, Stalin said, instead
of the 200 mentioned by Churchill
in his "question statement" speech in
the House of Commons last week.
Only 40 divisions will remain whet)
the latest Soviet army demobilization
order goes into effect two months
from, now, the Soviet leader added.
Stalin declared, however in an-
swering another question, that he
did not agree with Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes that there is grow-
ing tension between Russia and the
United States.
In reply to other questions, Sta-
lin said he did not think the big
power veto had been misused in the
Foreign' Ministers Council or the
United Nations Security Council.
Stalin said he considers Poland's
present western boundaries to be
"permanent" and went on record as
saying he hoped for political as well
as economic unity in Germany,
where, he believes, the industrial lev-
el should be raised.
Istomin To Present
Concert Tomorrow
The second concert of the Choral
Union Series will be presented by Eu-
gene Istomin, pianist, at 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
A limited number of tickets are still
available in the University Musical
Society's offices, Burton Memorial
Tower.

Spirituals Come
From Peoples'
Hearts-Maynor
"From the hearts of people"-in
big cities and on islands isolated for
generations-come the strange and
lovely spirituals for which Dorothy
Maynor, who performed here last
night, is noted,
The diminutive soprano explained
yesterday that there are islands off
our southern coast where folklore has
remained undisturbed since the Civil
War. Telling the story of her col-
lection of the native's songs, she ex-
plained that the islands are dotted
with meeting houses where people
sing "whenever they feel like it."
"They were timid at first," she re-
ported, "because they were afraid I
would laugh at their religion." They
sang for her willingly, however, after
she sang some spirituals for them.
"I'm a Trav'ling to the Grave,"
one of the numbers she sang in her
concert last night, came from a small
island off South Carolina. It was
created after a particularly severe
hurricane, she explained, adding that
not all spirituals are so easy to trace.
"I found one unusual spiritual by
listening to a cab-driver sing," she
remembered. "I asked him where he
had learned it, but he didn't know,
He just remembered it from his child-
hood. And that's how most spirit-
uals are carried on."

Roundup
of
World News
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Oct. 28-Kuzma Kise-
lev, the White Russian Republic's
foreign minister, today attacked the
presence of United States troops in
China and told the United Nations
Assembly that American policy in
that country was not calculated to
maintain peace in the Far East.
* * *
PEIPING, Oct. 28-Two govern-
ment columns were driving south-
ward against the Chinese Com-
munists along the coasts of the
Liaotung Peninsula 'of Manchuria
today in a surprise move toward
Dairen, a free port by treaty, where
Russian troops were reported to be
numerous.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28-The Na-
tional Housing Administration or-
dered one of the nation's largest war
plants converted to manufacture of
prefabricated housing today, but le-
gality of its action was quickly ques-
tioned by another government.
agency.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28-Presi-
dent Truman, in an open argu-
ment with King Ibn Saud of
Arabia, today called anew for "im-
mediate entry" of 100,000 Jews to
Palestine and for creation of a Jew-
ish National Home there.
In a lengthy message, the Presi-
dent rejected the Arabian mon-
arch's contention that the United
States stand was inconsistent with
previous promises.
ESSLINGEN, Germany, ,Oct. 28--
Guards were doubled on all American
Military Government buildings to-
night as police, aided by bloodhounds
hunted extremists who bombed the
denazification office here last night
in the second outbreak of terroristic
activity in this area in the past eight
days.

John L. Lewis
Will Meet Mine
Administrator
Message Interpreted
As Full Acquiescence
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28 - The
government agreed to parley with
John L. Lewis today and President
Truman announced positively that
there would be no coal stike.
Whether this meant that the gov-
ernment was acceding to Lewis' de-
mands for a formal reopening of the
existing wage contract to discuss new
wage requests and a host of other is-
sues was not immediately made clear.
Lewis had served an ultimatum
declaring that unless the government,
as operator of the seized mines,
showed up to reopen the pact Nov. 1,
the contract would be "void." Since
the miners do not work without a
contract this meant strike Nov. 1-
four days before the election.
This afternoon-Lewis' aides sum-
moned reporters to a conference to
announce that Secretary of Interior
Krug had agreed to have Capt. N. H.
Collisson, administrator of the mines,
meet with Lewis Nov. 1, Friday.
view of that Lewis replied 'to Krg
that the existing contract would con-
tinue in effect during the negoti-
tions.
"Replying to your letter of Oct.
21 I am requesting that you and/or
your representatives meet with Coal
Mines Administrator Collisson and
his associates on Nov. 1 or any other
date agreeable to you," Krug said.
But Lewis interpreted the message
as compliance with his demands. He
replied as follows:
"I esteem your telegram 27th re-
ceived by me today as compliance
with request for official confeence
contained my letter Oct. 21."
Aigler Suggests
Simpler Land
Title Statutes
Special To The Daily
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J., Oct. 28--
Prof. Ralph W. Aigler, .of the Law
School, recommended simplification
of laws dealing with land titles be-
.fore the American Bar Association
convention here Monday.
A simplification of the laws gov-
erning land title transactions would
reduce the present tedious and qx-
pensive process by which land titles
are cleared, Prof. Aigler declared.
"Repeated examinations of the ti-
tle to the same land, often at conid-
erable expense and delay, produce a
situation believed by both lawyers
and laymen to call for correction,"
Prof. Aigler added.
Acknowledging that title examina-
tions have become "rackets in some
instances," Prof. Aigler asserted that
a marketable title is reasonably safe
against attack.
Prof. Aigler said that the present
method of clearing land titles from
the time of the Government patent
down to the present mortgager each
time a piece of land changes hands,
since it requires trained experts, is
both time consuming and expensive.
The professor proposed the adop-
tion by all states of statutes making
it unnecessary to re-examine a titl
further than forty years back unless
notice of a claim arising from some
previous transaction is filed within
the specified period.
Heart Attack Takes
U' Regent Bishop
FLINT, Mich, Oct. 28-(P)-Uni-

versity Regent Russell Spencer
Bishop died of a heart attack last
night at his home.
The 60-year-old Flint banker was
elected to the Board of Regents in
1943 to serve an eight-year term
which would have expired Dec. 31,
1951. He had previously been ap-
pointed by Gov. Kelly in Jan., 1943,
to fill the unexpired term of Mrs.

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMEN T:

Sales

Tax

Change

May

Raise

Teachers'

Salaries

By FRANCES PAINE
The proposed constitutionaj
amendment to split the proceeds of
the sales tax between state and local
governments is likely to effect some
increase in teachers' salaries for a
while at least, according to Prof.
Claude Eggertson of the education
school.
It is difficult to prophesy, Prof.
Eggertson said, whether this increase
would be permanent, because we
don't know what the counter-meas-
ures to the amendment would be. Lo-

schools receive more money for a
year or so, salaries might be ad-
vanced permanently to a higher
level," Prof. 'Eggertson said.
The amendment is so drawn, Prof.
Eggertson emphasized, that the funds
received by the schools can be used in
any way the locality chooses, and
would thus not be spent necessarily
for salaries. It has not been our pol-
icy to give the localities a completely
free hand, Prof. Eggertson said. The
state, responsible for education under
the federal Constitution, must set
certain minimum standards, he add-
-4

"The amendment controversy may
prove beneficial," Prof. Eggerson
commented, "especially if Amend-
ment II is defeated, for it indicates to
the legislature that the public might
remove part of its perogative for pro-
viding funds if schools are not prop-
erly financed."
Prof. Eggertson pointed out that
the Michigan chapter of the Ameri-
can Federation of Teachers feels that
the amendment would not prove of
permanent economic benefit to
teachers. The Michigan Education

to two basic principles by which the
amendment should be judged.
First, he said, the concept of good
government calls for flexibility in the
control of funds. This is provided as
long as the legislature can allocate
funds according to the needs pre-
sented periodically. Earmarking funds
by constitutional amendment intro-
duces inflexibility, he declared.
The second principle is the ultimate
effect on the schools, according to
Dr. Van Zwoll. The school, he said,
as a social institution within a de-
mocracy, is a partnership enterprise,

creasing state controls, and the sep-
aration of the schools from the peo-
ple. Protections against centralized
control, written into legislation, do
not have a history which would in-
dicate that such protections work out
satisfactorily.
Therefore, Dr. Van Zwoll con-
cluded, state control would become
inevitable with state subsidy, and
the democratic structure and oper-
ation of the schools would be very
specifically impaired.
"If these principles are worth-

7 Days
Until Nov. 5

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