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May 28, 1947 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-28

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Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t t


ee Page 4



Three Union Curb
Clauses Scrapped
House Conferees Yield to Senate
On Labor Control Bill Provisions

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 27-House
conferees on labor legislation
have agreed to scrap three major
union-curbing provisions of the
House bill, Rep. Hartley (Rep.,
N. J.) said today.
Hartley told reporters the House
group he heads decided informally
to yield to the Senate on House-
voted clauses which carry:
Split Income
Tax Retinns
Bill Rejected
McClellan, Fulbright
Protest Unfairness
WASHNGTON, May 27-(A)-
The Senate rejected today an
amendment to tax legislation
which would permit husbands and
wives in all 48 states to make sep-
arate returns on their federal in-
come tax, each reporting on half
the couple's combined income.
The vote was~ 51 to 29. ,Such
income-splitting for tax purposes
is allowed in 10 so-called commun-
ity property states and it often
results in considerable savings to
the taxpayers.
Senators McClellan and Ful-
bright, Arkansas Democrats, of-
fered the proposal to allow it ev-
erywhere. They said as things
stand, the taxpayers in 38 states
are being discriminated against.
Senator Millikin (Rep. Colo.),
floor manager for the bill, asked
the Senate to reject the prolosal
at LAs time. He assured the
members the problem will get full
consideration in the general tax
revision bill planned for next
Earlier, the Senate had flipped
quickly through the pending tax
cutting bill, giving preliminary ap-
proval to all but one of the chang-
es made by its finance committee
in the measure passed by the
House last March. The section
on rate reductions was left open
to give a technical foothold to sev-
eral proposed amendments, in-
cluding the income-split advocated
by the Arkansawyers.
Willow Council
Votes Curfew
To Keep Teen-agers
Off Streets by 10 pm
The Willow Village Resident
Council unanimously voted last
night to return the curfew for
teen-agers of 16 and under.
As a measure in its campaign to
eliminate juvenile crime, the
Council's ruling will go into effect,
Sunday, June 1.
The law makes it mandatory for
youngsters who have not reached
their seventeenth birthday, and
who are not accomnpanied by a
parent or guardian, to be off the
streets by 11 p.m. Saturdays and
by 10 p.m. all other days.
The law has been on the books
for some time but has not been en-
forced because of complaints by
veterans that the curfew sirens re-
minded them of the "old days."
Vets Warned
of D eadines
The Veterans Service Bureau
yesterday reminded veterans of
deadlines for obtaining a number
of benefits.
Applications for terminal leave

pty must be made before Sept. 1.
Many veterans have neglected to
file for this benefit, the bureau re-
Veterans who obtained their
discharge prior to May 12, 1945
mnay reenlist in the reserve corps
at the same rank held at time of
discharge before July 1 or within
six months of discharge, which-
ever date is later.
National Service Life Insurance
may be reinstated before August 1,
1947 without the necessity of a
physical examination.
July 1 is the deadline for ap-
plication by anlputees for the $1,-

1. A prohibition against nearly
all industry-wide collective bar-
2. An authorization for private
employers to obtain injunctions
against some kinds of strikes and
3. A ban on mass picketing and
violence in picketing.
Hartley announced impending
abandonment of these provisions
after a separate hour-and-a-half
meeting of the House conferees
this morning. Then they headed
for a brass tacks session with the
Senate group.
Referring to the three conces-
sions, Hartley said:
"We didn't take any formal
vote, but I'm telling you that's the
way it's going to be."
The New Jersey Congressman
told reporters the House members
were motivated by a desire to get a
bill which the Senate would pass
over a possible veto by President
Truman. The House measure has
more curbs on unions and strikes
than the Senate bill.
Hartley said that in return for
yielding on the picketing provi-
sions, the House expects the Sen-
ate to accept some sort of safe-
guard which would permit non-
strikers to get through picket lines
to their jobs.
As the conference committee
drove to finish its job of adjusting
differences between the two bills
by tomorrow night, Senator Taft
(Rep., Ohio), chief of the Senate
conferees, told reporters his group
intends to make "no substantial
concessions" to the House on ma-
jor issues.
Student Book
Exchange ]May
Be Expanded
Expansion of the Student Book
Exchange to provide supplies and
services under a new cooperative
plan has been proposed by the
board of directors, Ken Bissell,
manager, announced yesterday.
Laundry, dry-cleaning and shoe
repair service, and new books and~
supplies would be offered at r'
duced rates to members of the Ex-
change under the new plan. The
present exchange function will be
The plan calls for the sale of
memberships in the Exchange to
students for a nominal sum, which
would be returned to them when
they leave school. In addition to
obtaining supplies and services at
reduced rates, students would re-
ceive a rebate at the end of each
term amounting to about ten per-
cent of their purchases from the
Exchange during the term.
Adoption' of the new plan de-
pends entirely upon student sup-
port, Bissell emphasized. He asked
I would be interested in pur-
chasing a membership share in
the proposed Book Exchange
Cooperative, and will support
the planned expansion of the
all persons interested in it to call
at the Exchange or to fill out the
form which appears in today's
Daily and leave it at the Union,
League or Office of Student Af-
The Book Exchange will operate
on its present, basis at the League
during the summer session, and
collection of books for the summer
session and the fall term is con-
A special meeting will be held at
7:30 p.m. tomorrow in the League
for all students interested in work-

ing at the Exchange during the
summer session and the fall term.
Charity Drives
T o Be Limited
All-campus charity drives were
reduced to a minimum yesterday
when Student Affairs Committee
approved only four for 1947-48.
The four drives approved after
Student Legislature recommenda-

ESCAPES LYNCH MOB - Warden Hugh Wilson (left), of Cen-
tral Prison, poses with Godwin (Buddy) Bush, 24 year old Negro,
shority after he was placed in Central Prison at Raleigh, N.C.,
(May 25) for safe-keeping after escapinig from a lynch mob that
removed him from the Northaiiiptn County Jail at Jackson,
N. C., May 23.
Four Charged with Kidnapping
In North Carolina Jail Seizure
Warrants Result from Con fession of One
Of Crowd Which Took Negro from Jail

Election Was.
Allegations Made
By Forestry Club
Charges, that the Union vice-
presidential elections, held April
14, were mishandled and that the
elections should, therefore, be in-
validated, were levelled yesterday
by the Forestry Club in a unani-
mouse vote, according to Milan
Miskovsky, president of the club.
The charges are stated in a let-
ter to The Daily which appears
on page 4 of this issue.
The first specific charge was
"A candidate's name was with-
held from the ballot without
satisfactory explanation."
Eugene Sikorovsky, president of
the Union, denied this charge ex-
plaining that a letter was sent to
Theodore Chiesna, the disputed
canid idate, indicating the circum -
stances under which his name was
omitted from the candidate list.
The candidate's petition was sub-
mitted to the nominating com-
mittee after the official deadline,
he explained. Andrew Poledor, a
member of the nominating com-
mittee, who received the petition
specifically pointed out at that
time that the petition was late,
Sikorovsky said in the letter.
Chiesna was not available for
further comment.
Sikorovsky also flatly declared
that the second charge that
"One of the candidates was en-
trusted with the duty of check-
ing the validity of the nominat-
ing petitions" was false.
"Jack Kenyon, a member of the
Union Board of Directors and
chairman of the Nominating
Committee, checked all petitions.
Kenyon was not a candidate for
any office," Sikorovsky said.
The Forestry Club further
charged "The election was not
held according to the Union
At the same time Jerry Comer,
47BAd, who was a candidate for
Union vice-president from the
business administration school,
charged that an opposing candi-
date ran for the same office al-
though he was a student in the
literary college at that time. The
Union constitution states that a
candidate must be a member in
good standing of the school which
he will represent on the Union
Council, he explained.
Sikorovsky conceded that this
charge was accurate but explained
that this candidate will be a stu-
dent in the business administra-
tion school next fall when he is
scheduled to take office.
As the names of the candidates
from all schools were printed on

By The Associated Press
RICH SQUARE, N. C., May 27
-Solicitor Ernest B. Tyler said
tonight that warrants charging
four white men with kidnapping
were being delivered to North-
hampton county Sheriff J. S.
Stephenson in connection with the
seizure of Godwin Bush, 24-year-
old Negro, from jail at Jackson,
N. C., last Friday.
Tyler saidthe identity of the
men would not be revealed until
they had been arrested by Steph-
enson "sometime tonight."
Tyler reported that "we are
charging them with kidnapping,
the only felony involved in the
Member Confesses
The :solicitor said the warranst
were being obtained on the
strength of a confession from one
of the members of the mob which
took Bush from the jail. The
Negro escaped after making a dar-
ing break for freedom just after
he had been placed in an auto-
mobile in front of the jail.
In Raleigh, Governor Cherry
said he was "glad they'remaking
some progress" when informed
Die on Gallows
LANDSBERG, Germany, May
27-(M)-Twenty-two guards and
foremen at the Nazis' Mauthausen
concentration camp died on black-
curtained gallows here today in
the yard of the prison where Adolf
Hitler once brooded as a prisoner
and wrote "Mein Kampf."
Twenty-seven more, including
an Austrian Gauleiter, are to be
hanged by American soldiers to-
The Mauthausen executions, or-
dered by an American military
court for the alleged slaughter of
more than 700,000 victims of many
nationalities, are the largest in
the history of Allied War crimes
Seven of the executed guards
died protesting their innocence.
Four spoke emotionally of their
"Fatherland." Several asked char-
ity for their families. All walked
firmly to the gallows.
Ousted Leader
Seeks Mexico
By The Assoiated Press
Leonardo Arguello, president of
Nicaragua for 26 days, was re-
ported seeking asylum in Mexico
(Tuesday' after having been de-
posedin a national guard coup
planned by former President An-
astasio Somoza and replaced by a
wealthy cattleman-banker.
A news dispatch from Managua,
the Nicaraguan capital, said the
congress of the Central American
country had declared Arguello
"unfit" to hold office at a special
session last night, and had named
Benjamin Lacayo Sacasa acting
president. Lacayo Sacasa, a vet-

that the Federal Bureau of Inves-
tigation had obtained a confession
from one of the mob.
"I hope they'll get enough evi-
dence to sustain convictions,"
Cherry added.
Arrest Awaited
Tyler declined to discuss the
case fully, saying that he was then
in the process of handing the war-
rants to Sheriff Stephenson. He
indicated it would probably take
several hours for Stephenson to
make the arrests.
In Washington, the FBI said
the confession implicated "seven
other white persons" in the af-
S'dei'<t Comes,
To Ope-rator's
Aid in Charge
University Hospital elevator op-
erator Eugene F. MacCaslin, 30,
who witnessed parts of the alleged
humiliation of his co-worker, Mrs.
Leatrice Murray, May 19, came to
her defense yesterday after read-
ing Charles N. Ballentine's letter
in The Daily.
MacCaslin, literary college stn-

Bill To Hike
Married Vet
House Committee
Favors Increase
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON. May 27 - The
outlook brightened perceptibly to-
day for married vet students as
the House Veterans Committee
recommended them an increase
from $90 a month to $105.
The committee decided against
any increase in the $65 allowed
single veterans going to school
under the GI Bill of Rights.
Legislation approved by the
committee also provides for $20
monthly allowance for the first
child and $15 for each additional
child of married veterans.
An "anti-communist" provision
was inserted into the bill as well.
The provision declaresbthat the
rights to payments will be for-
feited by any person who advo-
cates overthrow of the govern-
ment by force or violence or be-
longs to an organization "certified
by the FBI as advocating such
According to this provision, any
such person would be guilty of a
felony and subject to fine and a
jail sentence if he accepted the
payments anyway.
* * *
Eariler this semester, the House
Veterans Committee heard local
delegates from the University's
Veterans Organization, the AVC
and the Women's Veterans Or-
ganization all testify, alleging that
the present subsistence was in-
Ferry Field Is
Planned Site
Of Graduation
Plans are now being completed
for the 103rd Commencement at
the University on Saturday, June
14, D'. Frank E. Robbins, assist-
ant to the president, announced
Weather permitting, the exer-
cises will be held outdoors at Fer-
ry Field. In case of rain, Yost Field
House will be used. Preceding the
start of the exercises at 6 p.m.,
there will be the traditional pro-
session from the campus down
South State Street to Ferry Field.
The speaker will de the Honor-
able Paul Joseph James Martin,
minister of national health and
welfare in Canada. His topic will
be "Fortresses of Peace" in which
he will deal with the University as
a foundation for understanding
between peoples.
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will present a record number of
graduates with diplomas. A tenta-
tive list of 2,910 candidates for
degrees is being assembled.
Tickets for the graduation exer-
cises will be ready for distribution
Monday in Rm. 1, University Hall,
upon presentation of identifica-
tion cards. If weather necessitates
the use of Yost Field House, the
number of tickets available will be
restricted, due to the limited seat-
ing capacity.
'Ensian Will Be
Distributed Today
Distribution of the Michiganen-
sian will start today, Mary Rook-
us, Business Manager announced

Students may pick up their En-
sians from 1 to 5:30 p.m. today and
from 9 to 12 and 1 to 5:30 p.m. to-
morrow. Receipts are to be taken
of The Daily Circulation Desk on
the first floor of the Student Pub-
lications Building, Miss Rookus
Students that did not subscribe
for the Ensian may get their copy
during the hours set.

ably prompt action is taken, the
improvised wartime marriage of
the housing agencies will dissolve
with "consequent confusion and
disruption" upon expiration of the
First War Powers Act.
Scattered Agencies
"When this occurs the housing
programs of the Government will
be scattered among some 13agen-
cies in seven departments and in-
dependent establishments," the
President noted.
Such a dispersal, he said, "not
only would be inefficient and
wasteful but also would seriously
impair their usefulness." The first
War Powers Act expires six months
after the official end of the war.
New Agency
At the top of the new housing
pyramid would be the new cover-
all agency roughly comparable to
the present National Housing
Agency. Under this would be cre-
ated three principal operating
units, as follows:
1. A Federal Housing Adminis-
tration, performing the same du-
ties as the present FHA.
2. A Home Loan Bank Board,
to administer the Federal Saving
and Loan Insurance Corporation,
the Home Owners Loan Corpora-
tion and the functions of the Fed-
eral Home Loan Bank Board.
3. A Public Housing Adminis-
tration, to assume the functions of
the present Federal Public Hous-
ing Authority.
New, Winners
of Hopwoods
To Be Named
Winners of the annual Avery
and Jule Hopwood contest for cre-
ative writing will be announced
following the 1947 Hopwood Lec-
ture, "The Themes of Robert
Frost," by Robert Penn Warren,
winner of this year's Pulitzer nov-
el award, at 4:15 today in Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
The Hopwood Lecture, which
will be open to the public, will
climax a contest that has attrac-
ted 82 manuscripts in drama, es-
say, fiction and poetry from 67
students. Thirteen entries in fic-
tion, seven in drama, four in essay
and twelve in poetry were sub-
mitted in the major contest, open
to seniors and graduate students.
In the minor contest, open to
properly qualified undergraduates,
24 manuscripts were entered in
fiction, four in drama, eight in
essay and ten in poetry.
Warren, author of the Pulitzer
prize-winning n o v e 1, "All the
King's Men," which concerns a
political dictator and parallels the
story of Huey Long, has also re-
ceived the Levinson prize from
Poetry Magazine, the Caroline
Sinkler prize from the Poetry So-
ciety of South Carolina, two Gug-
genheim fellowships and t h e
Southern Authors award.

President Orders
Permanent Overall
Agenc for Housing
Order To Be Effective ini 61 Days
Without Congressional Disapproval
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 27-Merger of the Government's loosely-
knit housing functions under a single, permanent "housing and home
finance agency" was ordered by President Truman today.
Mr. Truman sent his proposal to Capitol Hill as "reorganization
plan number three of 1947." The new agency will come into being 60
days hence unless Congress specifically disapproves.
While the proposed set-up would leave the emergency housing
program untouched, Mr. Truman said it would set up a long range
Federal establishment which will "unquestionably make for greater
economy and efficiency."
The ask of housing its citizens will remain a major objective of
the Nation "throughout the next decade," Mr. Truman said in a
message accompanying the plan.
He added that unless reason-

P-80 Fighter
On Public View
At Willow Run
Airport Dedication
Set for Tomorrow
Opportunity for close-up inspec-
tion of the Army Air Force's new
P-80 jet fighter plane will be af-
forded to the public tomorrow
when Willow Run Airport will be
dedicated by the University to
peacetime and educational use.
From 1 to 6 p.m. the largest air-
port controlled by any American
educational institution will be
open for inspection of an exhibit
planned to include huge B 29
bombers, the Navy's Helldivers and
patrol bombers, and the newest
types of commercial air transport.
At 3:30 p.m. the formal dedica-
tion ceremony will start, with Os-
wald Ryan, acting chairman of
the Civil Aeronautics Board, the
main speaker. University Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven will
make a brief dedicatory address
after receiving the deed to the field
from . Vice-President Robert P.
Gov. Kim Sigler will speak as an
official representative of the State
of Michigan. Other participants
will be Martin D. Buckner, na-
tional vice commander of the
American Legion; and Allen B.
Crow, president of the Detroit Eco-
nomics Club. Provost James P.
Adams will be master of ceremon-
An Army jet P-80 will streak
from Montreal to the airport and
land at 4 p.m. to highlight the
dedication .ceremony. Traveling
500 miles per hour, Lt. Arthur
Murray, of Wright Field, the pilot,
will cover in one hour the route
that took Cadillac 49 days when he
made his first trip to Detroit
back in 1701.
Another feature of the day's pro-
gram will be a special helicopter
flight with air mail from Ann
Arbor to the airport. The Army
and the Post Office Department
are cooperating in the demonstra-
tion, foreshadowing plans of pos-
tal officials to speed the delivery
of mail with regular helicopter
Devised Here
Low Cost Houses
Are All Aluminum
If you're a commuter and you
have to lunch out of a thermos on
campus every day, take heart. You
may soon be living out of a ther-
At least if Ivan Cummins, grad-
uate of the University engineering
school is correct, you'll be able to.
Cummins announced plans yes-
terday for a prefabricated all
aluminum "thermo-home" low
cost housing unit, which, he said,
utilizes thermos bottle heating and
insulation principles.
He estimated that the house, a
three unit structure with garage
attached, could be mass produced
at a cost of less than $3,000 to
the individual home owner.
The total living space measures
18 by 30 feet, plus the garage
which will measure 14 by 20 feet,
Cummins said, and space is provid-
ed for a kitchen (10 by 10), bath-
room (6 by 6), two bedrooms (ap-
uroximatelv 6 by 13 teah) an

dent and part-time hospital em- the same ballot, it is also possible
ploye, now a patient at the Health that students voted for candidates
Service, declared that Ballentine, in other schools than those in
medical student and part time which the voters were registered,
hospital employe, told him after Sikorovsky added. The Union con-
the incident that could not stand stitution provides that students
having Negroes anywhere near may vote only for candidates rep-I
him MacCaslin branded part of resenting their own school.
Balletine's letter false and said he Jim Risk, chairman of the
"seriously doubted" other allega- Student Legislature Elections
"srioslyoubted". oraCommittee, which conducted the
tions about Mrs. Murray. elections, said yesterday in a
Balletine Statement Denied statement to The Daily that al-
"Ballentine's statement that though the committee recogniz-
'since there were no witnesses' es that this "indiscriminate vot-
4"r"viac"nciblp nriepnt sep


there is now 'no proof of what ac-
tually was said by either party,' is
untrue," MacCaslin said. "By Bal-
lentine's own admission, he had
stated that 'in Georgia we know
how to handle your kind,' besides
the utterly uncalled-for disparag-
ing remarks which primarily
caused Mrs. Murray's embarrass-
"Mrs. Murray is a good opera-
tor-better than the average,"
MacCaslin said. He has known her
for more than four months, he
said, and he agrees with the re-
ported statement of Ray Collins,
elevator supervisor, that Mrs. Mur-
ray is one of the best workers he
has had.
Concerning Ballentine's state-
ment that Mrs. Murray refused to
operate her elevator, MacCaslin
declared: "If she refused, it was
eitherafter being insulted, or she
had other good and sufficient rea-
son, or she had temporarily ceased
being Mrs. Murray."
Charges Profanity
Pointing out that he thought the
question of profanity tends to
cloud the real issue, MacCaslin
stated that he did hear consider-
able and profuse profanity from
Ballentine diiected personally at

ing' was poss ne, preccem
by former elections has not pro-
vided for a system to check each
voter. "This election was, there-
fore, not irregular," he declared.
The final charge made by the
Forestry Club was "It is alleged
that a candidate counted ballots."
"No candidate running for of-
fice counted any of the ballots,"
Risk emphatically declared. "It
is the policy of the Elections
Committee to hold sopen counts,
and any candidates may watch
the proceedings," he said.
Miskovsky, when contacted by
The Daily late last night said that
a further statement will be given
to The Daily tomorrow.

'U', Navy To Study V-2

Solar Pictures

11 _

Prof. Leo Goldberg, chairman of
the University astronomy depart-
ment, announced a contract with
the Navy yesterday for interpret-
ing photos and instrument data,
from V-2 rockets, which, it is be-
lieved, may revolutionize knowl-
edge of the sun.
A two-year program, specified

knowledge of an approaching elec-
trical storm will make it possible
to change radio frequencies in ad-
vance of storms.
Study of ultra-violet radia-
tion from the sun was impos-
sible until V-2 rockets enabled
scientists to explore beyond the
earth's blocking atmosphere,

Math, director of the University's
McMath-Hulbert observatory at
Lake Angelus; Dr. Donald H.
Menze, associate director for solar
research at the Harvard observa-
tory; and Dr. Lyman Spitzer, Jr.,
director of the Princeton Univer-
sity observatory.
At a latr ,htA e.h eastron-

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