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May 25, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-25

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See Page 4

Latest DeadliW inthe t1te

D3a iiis


VOL. LVII, No. 167A AMA2
__________________________ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 25, 1947


UT Ti !A 0

Final Accord
Is Hoped For,
Will Clear Way
For Conference

Daily Makes Survey of 'U' To Open
Barbers' Discrimination HugeAirfield
Majority of Local Proprietors AditT ey In DedicationI
S Are Unwilling to Serve Negro PatronsI
Twenty-two of Ann Arbor's 26 barber shops will not serve Negro Suder Ruthven
patrons, according to a Daily survey, and the reason given is that
"our customers wouldn't like it." WVill (,ive Talks

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 24-A fin-
al accord to end the long dispute
between the United States and
Argentina and clear the' way for
an Inter-American defense con-
ference is now generally expected
in Washington to be reached with-
in the fiext few weeks.
It may be marked by the re-
tirement from his post at Buenos
Aires of Ambassador George S.
Messersmith and the resignation
of Spruille Br'aden as assistant
secretary of state for Latin Amer-
ican affairs. The split between
them over the conduct of Argen-
tine relations has been wide and
bitter and both are believed ready
to quit when improvement in the
situation permits such action
Bosom Friendship
The apparently i mp en d in g
change in United States-Argen-
tine affairs does not necessarily
mean the beginning of an era of
bosom friendship between Buenos
Aires and Washington. American
officials are still suspicious of
what they regard as traditional
Argentine efforts to win leader-
ship- int Latin America at the ex-
pense of North American good
The latest splash of interest in
the Argentine situation was caused
here today by the announcement
at Buenos Aires yesterday that
eight more Nazi agents had been
deported and that Argentina "now
considers she has satisfied all her
hemisphere obligations." The an-
Snouncement was made by Juan
Bramuglia, President Juan D. Per-
on's foreign minister.


checking an allegation by Carroll Little, president of Inter-Racial
Association, that the Ann Arbor Barbers' Association has an agree-
ment whereby Negroes are not served, The Daily interviewed proprie-
tors of every barber ship in the city. (The complete text of Little's
charges appears on page four of today's Daily.)"
Only two shops whose barbers belopg to the Ann Arbor Barbers'l
Ac.nrikfi n - o--a ?,-a n n-rn c i-

Expansive Willow Run Airport
will teem with visitors Thursday
when the University will formally
dedicate the huge field to peace-
time and educational use.
As part of Michigan Aviation

£Iassoia~ion wits ser t;Lve J.'groU jaLA~o

is, it, wads touniU. i
MiehigAmon gtoA p TO.w ecnar.,finC. JcL! jc~


19 'U' Schools
Take Part I
Post- Session

Truman Says
Aged Mother
'Little Weaker'
GRANDVIEW, Mo. May 24-(R)
-President Truman reported to-
night that his mother was getting
Returning to his hotel at Kan-
sas City from another trying day
at 94-year-old Mrs. Martha E.
Truman's bedside, the Chief Ex-
ecutive said he had talked several
times to his mother during the
long and anxious hours, but that
"she slept most of the time."
"She's just about the same," he
said, and he added, "there's not
much change."
Pausing, he told newsmen:
"She's a little weaker, if any-
He went hurrying to the elevator
leading to his apartment with the
assertion, "that is just about all I
can say."
The President planned to re-
main here indefinitely.
Willow Council
Head Resigns
William Stright Quits
Activities in Village
William Stright, former chair-
man of the Willow Village Plan-
ning Committee and temporary
president of the Village Council,
resigned yesterday, because his
activities "in behalf of the com-a
munity have imposed great hard-
ships upon my family."
Stright had long been active in
Village affairs, having served ast
chairman of the 10-cent fare com-
mittee which succeeded in allow-;
ing veterans to commute to De-
troit for 10 cents. He also found-
ed and edited the "'Willow Run-,
Around," village weekly.
The establishment of election
machinery for the recent Coun-
cil 'elections had involved .Stright
in a dispute with members of the
now defunct Planning Committee.
A report submitted to the Coun-
cil by six of the ten committee
members had charged Stright with
by-passing the group in setting up
machinery for the elections, hand-
ling petitions, preparing ballots
and counting votes._-
'U' LibrTarianalks
AtLibraryReuni on

Classes to Continue j
At Veterans' Request
Nineteen schools and depart-
menst will participate in the first
University post-session, to be held
from August 18 to September 13,
Prof. Louis M. Eich, secretary of
the summer session, said yester-
the four-week-post session was
organized at the request of student
veterans desiring to continue their
studies without interruption. It
will include facilities to enable
qualified advanced and graduate
students to continue individual
studies under supervision, and a
group of courses of a general cul-
tural character open to all stu-
Advanced and graduate students
should consult their departmental
advisers with regard to advanced
work, Prof. Louis M. Hopkins, di-
rector of the summer session, said.
Freshman and sophomore stu-
dents can get course approval
from their academic counselors, he
Registration for the post-session
will be held from 'June 19 to 21,
during the regular summer session
registration, Veterans' wives, who
will be allowed to audit the courses
as far as physical facilities per-
mit, must register at the same
time as their husbands, Prof. Hop-
kins said.
Tuition fees for the post-session
See SESSION, page 3
Marshall .Calls
Bills 'Ur gent'
Seeks Congressional
Action On Measures
Secretary of State Marshall pinned
"urgent" tags today on four for-
eign affairs measures which have
made slow progress in Congress in
a drive to get them passed by June

"All persons within the jurisdic-
tion of this state shall be entitled
to full and equal accommodations,
advantages, facilities and privi-
leges of . . . . barber shops . .."
("Diggs law" as amended in 1945) .
Two lNegro-operated shops, in
the downtown area, will serve any
customer, their proprietors said.
These are not members of the bar-
bers' association.
Proprietors interview were asked
the following questions:
1. "Do you have a policy against
serving Negroes?"
2. "Have you ever served a Ne-
gro in this shop?"
3. "Will you serve a Negro if he
comes into your shop?"
4. "Do you have any additional
comment on this subject?"
Complete reports of answers
The Daily received from proprie-
tors of Ann Arbor's 26 barber
shops follow:
The two barbers' association
members who have no policy
against serving Negroes are:
Michigan Union Barber Shop:
Union business manager Franklin
Kuenzel said, "The Union Bar-
ber Shop has no policy regarding
service as to race, color or creed."
Asked if the Union Barber Shop
has ever served a Negro, he replied,
"I don't know."
Lee's Barber Shop, E. Univer-
sity (opposite University High
School): Lee Mulhollen, proprie-
tor, said, "We don't want to serve
Negroes. We have served dark-
skinned boys, We would serve Ne-I
groes, since we can't refuse by
The two Negro-operated shops
Easley's Barber Shop, 115 E.
Ann: John Ea'sley, proprietor, said,j
"I'll wait on anyone, white or
Wolverine Barber Shop, 209 N.
Fourth Ave.: Udoies G. Collins,
barber, said, "We serve anyone."
Ten additional barber shops
surveyed in the campus area are:
Church Street Barber Shop, 607
Church: Joe Shaltis, one of two
proprietors, said, "We never have
served a Negro." (Answer to ques-
tion No. 3): "Well, that's the ques-
tion. I don't know. He would
probably get a pretty rotten hair-
Dascola Barbers, 615 E. Liberty:
Dominic Dascola, proprietor, said,
"We have nothing definite as tot
policy. We have given some serv-
ice to Negroes, eg. shoe shines, but
not in the past year. If a Negro
came in, whether we would service

Week, the dedication program will
be held at 3:30 p.m. with the ex-
hibit of aircraft transportation
will be open to the public from 1 to
6 p.m.
Presented by the seven airlines
which use the field, and the Army
and Navy, the display will include
the latest types of aircraft. Se-
curity regulations prevent the Uni-
versity from holding "open house"
on the aeronautical research ac-
tivities being carried on at the
Army and Navy Display
The Navy will have five planes
on the ground, open for full in-
spection. The Army plans to have
a B-29 bombei and a P-80 pur-
suit ship on display but the pub-
lic will be unable to inspect the
interior of these craft. A number
of commercial planes will be in-
cluded in the exhibit.
The University of Michigan
band, directed by William D. Re-
velli, will provide music prior to
the start of the dedication pro-
gram at 3:30 p.m. University Pro-
vost James P. Adams will make the
inductory remarks and act as mas-
ter of ceremonies.
Gov. Sigler To Attend
Speakers on the program will
be Allen B. Crow, president of the
Detroit Economics Club, and Mar-
tin D. Buckner, of Flint, national
vice commander of the American
Legion. The main address will be
given by Oswald Ryan, vice chair-
man and acting chairman of the

NEW BUSINESS SCHOOL-Artists conception of the new business administration school building
is shown above. The cornerstone for the $2,500,000 building was laid yesterday. It is expected that
the building will be ready for occupancy next February, but classes will be held on the Tappan St.
side next fall.


States Civil Aeronautics
His talk will be followed
See 'U', page 3

UN Experts
See Palestine
Accord Soont

LAKE SUCCESS, May 24-(/")
-United Nations experts predict-
ed today that the Palestine In-
quiry Commission would recom-
mended either a partition of the
Holy Land or an Arab-Jewish state
under the international trustee-
This prediction was made as the
UN investigation commission pre-
pared to begin a summer-long
search for a possible solution of
the Palestine problem.
One of its biggest initial deci-
sions will be whether to visit the
Jewish displaced persons camps of
Europe or confine its investigation
solely to Palestine.

Special Train,
Lists Mast Be
Ready Tuesday
Interested Students
Requested to Sign
Lists of students interested in
obtaining transportation on spe-
cial post-finals trains must be
completed by Tuesday, Chuck
Lewis, chairman of a Student Leg-
islature committee s u r v e y i n g
campus demand for the trains,
said yesterday.
Sign-up sheets are posted at the
Union travel desk, the League,I
Angell Hall lobby, outside of Rm.
2 University Hall, on bulletin
boards at Stockwell, Mosher, and
Jordan Halls, at the East and
West Quads and at Willow Vil-
Student should sign up as soon
as possible, indicating their names,
I phone numbers, destinations and
what days they plan to leave Ann
Arbor i4a order that enough equip-
ment can be made available, Lew-
is said.
Tentative plans have been made
by the New York Central Rail-
road to provide Eastbound trains
leaving at 6 p.m. and Westbound
trains leaving at 1:15 p.m. on as
many days as there is adequate
demand for them, he said. All
trains will be equipped with re-
clining chairs and dining car serv-
The special Legislature com-
mittee was set up at the request
of Walter B. Rea, associate di-
rector of the Office of Student
Affairs, to attempt to alleviate the
usual end-of-the-term travel con-
Further information may be ob-
tained from Lewis at 2-4410.
NEW LONbON, Conn., May 24
--U. S. Representative Fred Brad-
lei R), representing Michigan's
11th district, died today while vis-
iting the Coast Guard Academy as
a member of a Congressional com-
Bradley, who was 49 and was
serving his fifth term in Con-
gress, was stricken ill in an offi-
cer's room at the Academy andl
died in the infirmary a short time
Bradley's home was at Rogers
City, Mich.
DETROIT, May Z4--A ship's
crew without a ship today were
the 24 striking members of the
S.S. Jupiter, Great Lakes coal
and ore freighter.

Prof. Brumm
Claims Group,
Is Discrimcinate
The Wood-Rankin Committee's
crusade has degenerated into an
intimidation of persons and groups
holding political views in dis-
agreement with the views of the
"inquisitorial body," Prof. John L.
Brumm of the journalism depart-
said yesterday.
He addressed the first state-
wide conference on academic free-
dom which brought delegates from
campuses, trade unions, veterans
organizations and religious groups
throughout the State.
Fear Complex
"A fear complex has revived a
witch-hunting crusade that may
prove to be a dangerous threat to
civil liberties generally," he said.
Initiated by the old Dies Commit-
tee, and now carried on by the
House of Representatives Commit-
tee on Un-American Activities,
Prof. Brumm said, "this crusade,
however legitimate its original
purpose, has degenerated into an
harassment and intimidation of
all sorts of persons and groups
whose social, economic and polit-
ical views meet with the disap-
p r o v a l of inquistorial body
He charged that the Committee
is "inquisitorial" b e c a u s e it
allows those whom it accuses "no-
opportunity to answer the charges
against them, no advice of counsel
and no knowledge of the source
of the charges.j
Corrupts Public Opinion
"This undemocratic procedure
is a menace," he said, "because it
corrupts public opinion and stig-
matizes any person who may ad-
vocate views and practices un-
acceptable to a group in no way
restricted by rules of evidence or
the right of defense.

Executive Board Chosen IFor
Academic Freedom Group
A twelve-man executive board, commissioned to devise a consti-
tution for the new Michigan Academic Freedom Committee, and to
set into motion the mechanics of the body, was elected yesterday by
101 delegates representing 48 organizations at a statewide conference
in Lane Hall.-
The board will present the constitution for ratification at a gen-
eral meeting to be held in the fall prior to October 31. As at yester-
day's conference, all duly constituted organizations !will be eligible
to attend.
Representing the University on the board are Prof. Preston Slos-
son of the history department, Lorne Cook, member of the University's
Council on Academic Freedom and chairman of the campus chapter
* * * Hof AVC, and Morton Rosenthal, a

student in e m b e r of Michigan
Youth for Democratic Action.
Remaining positions on the
board are held by delegates from
Wayne University, Adrian, Olivet,
Central Michigan 'and Michigan
State Colleges, the National Ne-
gro Congress, the Michigan Civil
Rights Congress, and the Young
Progressive Citizens of America.,
Draw Up Resolutions
The conference drew up a ser-
ies of resolutions defining and at-
tacking threats to academic free-
dom. Included was a condemna-
tion of the Callahan Bill, passed
by the State Senate and currently
awaiting action in the House of
Representatives. The Bill, pro-
viding for the registration and
outlawing of "foreign agencies'
I was construed by the delegates as
I by-passing due process of law.
The right of students and fac-
ulty members to join and partici-
pate in activities, on or off cam-
pus, of any legal organization was
upheld by the group. It was al-
leged that the political opinions,
present or past, of members did
not constitute grounds for any ac-
tion against them.
Calls for AYD Reinstatement
Affirming the right of students
to free speech and assembly, the
Committee called for the rein-
statement of the American Youth
for Democracy on campuses where
it had been barred and the aboli-
tion of the Callahan Committee.
Academic freedom, in its
"broader" aspect, as defined at
the conference, involves the
"right, recognized under all lib-
eral governments, for any person
peacefully to advocate any opin-
ion or support any public policy
which does not amount to an in-
citement to crime or violence.
This is the supposition underlying
our national and state constitu-
tions . . . but some hold it does
not apply to professors or students

For Bus Ad
Building Laid
Microfil Tel s
School's History
In an impressive ceremony yes-
terday afternoon, the cornerstone
for the new School of Business Ad-
ministration Building was laid by
Dean Russell A. Stevenson,
Officials participating in the
ceremony, latest step in the Uni-
versity's multi-m i11i o n dollar
building program, were President
Alexander G. Ruthven, who pre-
sided, Provost James P. Adams,
speaker for the occasion, and Dean
Microfilm History
Highlighting the proceedings
was the placing in the corner-
stone of a sealed box containing
a reel of microfilm recording the
past history of the business ad-
ministration school. The micro-
film contained 1200 exposures in-
cluding excerpts from the proceed-
ings of the Board of Regents per-
taining to the establishment of the
ousiness administration school,
records of the school and its grad-
uates from volumes of the Mich-
iganensian, a story of the school
library facilities by Dean Stev-
enson and a plan for the eventual
development of the business ad-
ministration school.
Ready in Fall
Classes will be held on the Tap-
pan St. side of the new building
next fall, and it is hoped that
complete occupation will take
place in February of next year.
The new building to cost an es-
timated $2,500,000 when complet-
ed, will accomodate 1200 students.
Dean Russell A Stevenson, iyhc
wielded the trowel in yesterday'
cornerstone-laying ceremony, wa
equipped for the occasion with per-
mit No. 2059 from the local chap-
ter of the Bricklayers, Masons and
Plasterers' International Union,
An architectural innovattoh: i
the tower, which will be nine stor-
ies high. It will house faculty of-
fices and research bureaus of the
school, saving space by utilizing
low ceilings and comparatively
small rooms for offices.
Adams Gives Address
In an address prior to the cor-
nerstone-laying, Provost Adams
said that the value of the new
business administration building
Kill be measured "by the quality
of the educational accomplish-
inents of these teachers and stu-
He added, "The School of Bus-
iness Administration exists as an
expression of faith in the idea that
young men and women who plan
to enter the field of business can
be partially prepared for that ex-
perience by an educational pro-
cess carried on within the pre-
cincts of the University."
* * *
Alumni Hear,
Paul Hoffman
Says Our Capitalism
Maintains Freedom
In an address yesterday before
the 17th annual Alumni Confer-

ence of the business administra-
tion school, attended by 400 peo-
ple, Paul G. Hoffman, president of
the Studebaker Corp., declared
that "unless we maintain a capi-
talistic system, we won't maintain
our freedom."
He defined freedom as the ab-
sence of unnecessary restraint and
intervention, and added, "We want
to be surrounded by conditions
that will permit us as individuals
to make full use of our capabili-
Hoffman commented that his-
tory backs up the fact that free-
dom exists only in capitalistic
-ountries, and he declared, "Free-
dom must wither under Fascist,
Communist, Nazi or Socialist re-
gimes because the individual can't
freely utilize his capabilities."
Analyzing our system, Hoffman
described it as "dynamically pro-
ductive," citing the fact that our
standard of living has doubled
since the turn of the century, and
at the same time pointing out its
instability, as shown by the numer-

Officials said the legislation is him would depend on whether the
needed promptly in view of (A) barbers would. On the basis of
The start of the government's new the present situation, it would be
fiscal year July 1, or (B) The ex- poor business to serve Negroes."
piration of certain presidential war Moe's Barber Shop, basement,
powers June 30. They indicated 320 S. State: James George, bar-
fresh efforts will be made to get ber, said, "We never intend to
congressional action. serve Negroes. We never had a
The four bills would authorize: Negro come in and ask. No fur-
l. United States menmership in ther comment."
the International Refugee Organ- Thompson Barbers, 533 E. Lib-
ization, which is getting ready to erty: C. R. Thompson, proprietor,
take over Army and UNRRA re- when asked question No. 2, said,
sponsibilities for displaced per- "Never. Is this just some more of
sons in Germany and Austria. that damn agitation?" He refused
2. The sending of military and to answer any further questions.
naval missions to other countries, Ferry Field Barbers, 806 S.
needed to keep wartime missions State: W. A. Miller, proprietor,
in China and Iran. It is still in said, "'Negroes have been served
congressional committees. here. I think you're going at this
3. Sale of arms to friendly for- from the wrong end. As soon as
eign nations through amendment the public is educated, I think the
of the Neutrality Act. No congres- barbers will cooperate, that is,
sional actions has been taken. when' the public is willing to give
4. Continuance of the Voice of Negroes equal rights." He refused
America broadcasts and other for- to answer any further questions.
eign information activities. It is Lirette's Barber Shop, 1306 S.
due for House consideration next University: L. J. Lirette, proprie-j
week. See SURVEY, page 3
- - - - - - - . - _ _.- -- - - - - - - - - - - -- -


Although delegates not on the
commission were reluctant to
speculate on possible solutions of
the Holy Land problem, a majority
privately expressed their beliefs as
to what the commission would
They said they thought that the
commission likely would bring in
one of two recommendations:
1. An Arab-Jewish state on a
democratic basis which would in-
volve an intermediary United Na-
tions trusteeship over Palestine.
2. A partition of Palestine into
twd separate, self-governing state
-one Arab, the other Jewish.
This year's third issue of Per-
spectives, campus literary mag-
azine, is included as a supple-
ment to today's Daily.
The issue features fiction,
essays, poetry and art by un-
dergraduate and graduate stu-
dents and faculty members.


Garg to Perpetuate Memory

A psychiatrist yesterday sug-
gested a method for diminishing
crime and mental derangement in
the United States, and inferred
that if adopted it would contrib-
ute materially toward lasting

s'icael Kearns, part agent Of TechnicM Steel T
SuggestsHappness"'Plansad h ,,OtO-to vse__ -_
Sugg sts Panfoa' the CIO National Maritime
anion, said the 7,000-ton vessel - ~ -
sailedoff Friday night, leaving By THOM CAREL STROPE center of the
ings brought on in the first two stalwartness of character of the the crew behind "without even Gargoyle authorities announced 500,000-candle-po
years of life can contribute to Okinawans, whom he studied while a toothbrush." late last night that proceeds from will play over the
later mental derangement, and in the Navy during the war. one hour after d
also to the development of the "I am a propagandist for pre- The 24-man crew went ; Monday's sale of the June issue oeor afr
"bulies ' trie ''husda. o themagzin wil g toeret abefore dawn.
"bullies" of the world, Dr. Moloney vention of war," Moloney said, strike Thursday. of the magazine will go to erect a Douglass Parke
expressed his belief that Ameri- "and in this regard it is extremely * * three hundred and thirty-five foot editor of the Ga
cans would be much hanier if this important what the next genera- DEAL, England, May 24-Two structural steel memorial to the Ann Arnor immni

Arboretum. Six
wer search lights
entire area from
usk till one hour
er, new associate
rgoyle, will leave
diatel afterara

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