OF A THREAT
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LVII, No. 163 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1947
PRICE FIVE CENTS
By The Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N.Y., May 20
-The United States charged to-
day that Yugoslavia, Albania and
Bulgaria were attempting to ob-
struct efforts of the United Na-
tions Security Council to settle
strife in the Balkans.
U.S. Deputy Delegate Herschel
V. Johnson told the Council that
the Soviet satellites would estab-
lish a "dangerous precedent" if
they persisted in "defiance" of
"In view of our delegation,"
Johnson said, "it is entirely inad-
missable that this council should
accept their refusal to cooperate,
whether or not they sent repre-
sentatives to act as liaison offi-
cers (with a UN subsidiary group
on the Greek border).
Refuse To Cooperate
"It seems to me that if they
refuse to cooperate when request-
ed to do so by the subsidiary
group, they will put themselves
in the grave position of a deliber-
ate defiance of the United Na-
tions . . . I hope very much that
the governments of these three
countries will, on reflection, per-
haps withdraw their objections."
Australia, Brazil and China
supported the U.S. position.
Border Watch Group
The Council adjourned until
Thursday with another round of
speeches in prospect on a Soviet
proposal which would restrict the
powers of the UN border watch
group stationed in northern
Johnson contended the Russian
move would "stiltify" the group.
The Council last December es-
tablished a Balkans investigating
commission to look into the trou-
bled Greek border.
State To Vote
gain on Sales
LANSING, May 20-(/P)-The
Senate suddenly today reversed
three previous ballots and voted
to re-submit the sales tax diver-
sion amendment to the people.
Without warning, the Senate
suspended its rules by a two-thirds
majority under a call of the cham-
ber and passed a House sales tax
repeal proposal which it defeated
last Feb. 18 in the first set back of
Governor Sigler's initial fiscal pro-
gram. Since then the Senate has
defeated a repeal proposal of its
The House resolution adopted
today was amended to place the
question before the voters at the
November. 1948, general election.
Since it had been passed by the
House and previously defeated in
the Senate for the April 7. 1947
election, the resolution must go
back to the House for concurrence
in the new election date.
Senator Bion L. Bates, Ovid Re-
publican, led the floor fight to put
the repealer on the ballot, but the
skids obviously were well greased.
The vote to suspend the rules and
reconsider the three-months old
defeat of the measure was 24 to 8
and the resolution was passed by a
23 to 9 vote.
The resolution was defeated in
February by a 17 to 11 vote. The
Senate's own resolution failed by
three votes last Thursday.
Leonard Procita, '48, has been
awarded first prize of $75 in the
Elizabeth Sargent Lee medical his-
tory contest, it was announced
Procita, a pre-med student from
Grand Rapids, won the prize for
his essay, "A History of Plastic
Surgery." Second prize of $50 went
t Patricia Caughey, '48, of Detroit
No Increase Anticipated
In Fall L.S.A. Enrollment
Estimate Ba"d on Questionnaire Results;
Dean Keniston Says Peak of Crisis Passed
Although the University faces an estimated enrollment increase
of 1,500 next fall, Dean Hayward Keniston expects enrollment in the
literary college to be "the same or slightly lower" than this term's
The estimate was made on the basis of the tabulated results of a
questionnaire filled out two weeks ago by 3,200 students in the literary
For the most part, Dean Keniston believes "withdrawals appear
to be the result of an insufficient government allowance, especially
Serious in Fall
The housing situation for men
students, expected to ease slightly
during the summer session, will
again assume serious proportions'
during the fall term, when a record
enrollment is expected.
That's the opinion of Mrs.
Esther Griffin, housing secretary
in the Office of Student Affairs,'
who said that "there will be plenty
of space available in town for men
attending the summer session."
Men students now living at West
Lodge will be allowed to remain
there, but no new residents will be
accepted for the summer, she said.
Mrs. Griffith reported that most
of the landladies with whom she
has made housing arrangements
have advised her that their rooms
are already rented for the fall.
for married veterans with chil-
dren. If the government should
increase the allowance, some of the
men in this category might return
Admission to the freshman class'
next fall, bean Keniston said, will
be approximately the same as the
registration figures during the
years immediately preceding the
war. Normal registration runs
Peak of Crisis Passed
"The peak of the enrollment
crisis seems to have passed in the
literary college," he said. At this
point, only 40 veterans have been
tentatively accepted for admission
to the freshman class next fall.
Dean Keniston said the increased
enrollment next fall would be ab-
sorbed by the professional schools.
Results of the survey indicate
that about 5,400 of the students
now enrolled in the literary col-
lege plan to return in the fall.
Eight hundred do not plan to re-
turn and about 1,350 expect to
graduate before fall. Of the 5,400
who expect to return, from 300 to
400 will be asked to withdraw.
Men Dropping Out
About 74 per cent of the ap-
proximately 80 students who do
Now just a "smattering" of open- noplan1to0[eturn i the1411 are
ings for the fall are available, men, the survey indicates. Dean
Mrs. Griffin said. Keniston believes that many older
veterans have decided that the
Depends on Vacating
At present, 1,400 single men
students live at Willow Village and
1,400 married students. Available
apartment space there, which de-
pends on the number of industrial
workers in nearby plants who va-
cate, is pot expected to increase
to any considerable extent.
About 1,830 places are expected
to be available for single men at
the Village next fall, but a "dis-
tinct possibility" exists that these
rooms also will be completely filled
up, Mrs. Griffin said.
Tio Be Certified
The twelfth annual School of
Education Convocation for can-
didates for the teacher's certifi-
cate will be held at 2 p.m. today
in the University High School
President Alexander G. Ruth-
yen will preside over the convo-
cation, which will feature an
address by Eugene B. Elliott, State
Superintendent of Public Instruc-
Prof. Fred Dunham, Secretary
of the Faculty, will present awards
to students who have attained
"high rank in matters of profes-
sional zeal and promise." The
William H. Payne Scholar Award
will go to Willard M. Bateson,
candidate for the master's degree,
and the Burke Aaron Hisdale
Scholar Award to George Griesen
Mallinson, candidate for the doc-
torate. The Pi Lambda Theta
Award will be presented by Dr.
Dorothy M. Sherman, president
of Pi Lambda Theta.
four-year course is too long.
Of the 1,350 who expect to grad-
uate before September, about
1,025 are expected to graduate in
June and 325 in August. The sur-
vey indicates that about 2,300
plan to attend summer school.
May Get Funds
Will Be Considered
LANSING, May 20-(/P)-The
Senate appeared willing today to
backtrack on its refusal to allow
the State civil service a deficiency
appropriation, a decision which
has caused the layoff of 110 civil
Governor Sigler scheduled a
conference for tomorrow morning
with a special Senate Committee
appointed on the subject, the Civil
Service Commission, Auditor Gen-
eral Muurl K. Aten, Attorney Gen-
eral Eugene F. Black and Budget
Director John A. Perkins.
The conference, Sigler said, is to
"determine whether the (civil
service) amendment has been
complied with and if not, what is
necessary to comply with it."
The Senate acted after Senator
Frank Heath, Bay City Republi-
can, lectured his colleagues for re-
fusing the $36,094 grant to carry
civil service the remainder of the
fiscal year, ending June 30.
"The Republican Party," Heath
said, "is going too far when it pen-
alizes individual employes because
of a difference of opinion between
the House and Senate.
11 Percent Cut.
Hit by Democrats
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 20-The
House passed a $3,469,761,100 Na-
vy appropriation bill today, over
Democratic protests that the 11
per cent cut it makes in Presi-
dent Truman's request will shrink
Navy and Marine Corps strength
Only a token fight was made to
restore some of the $377,519,200
cut from the Budget Bureau esti-
mates by the Appropriations Com-
mittee. Advocates of more money
are resting their hopes chiefly on
the Senate, where the bill now
goes. The money is to run the
Navy during the 12 months be-
ginning July 1.
Goes to Senate
A voice vote, with only about
100 members on the floor, sent the
bill to the Senate after four hours
of debate highlighted by insis-
tence of Republican fiscal leaders
that the bill would not impair
the efficiency of the Navy.
Three amendments to restore
funds were offered and were
shouted down in rapid order.
Rep. Albert Thomas (Dem.-
Tex.) told the House that high
Naval officials informed him the
cuts, coupled with previous re-
ductions applied by the Budget
Bureau, would mean a reduction
next year of 70,000 in the planned
enlisted strength of the Navy,
from 425,000 to 355,000, and 12,000
in the Marine Corps, from 97,500
Bill, To Provide
WASHINGTON, May 20-(R')-
The Senate today passed, 79 to 8,
a bill to set up a government-sub-
sidized National Science Founda-
tion to promote research in medi-
cine, physics, biology, national de-
fense and other fields.
The bill now goes to the House.
No funds are contained in it, but
sponsors said they probably will
seek $20,000,000 or $25,000,000 to
start it off. Cancer and heart
diseases are mentioned specifically
in the bill.
Sponsored by Senator Smith
(Rep., N.J.) and six others, the
measure would create a part-time
24-member foundation of scien-
tists and educators appointed by
the President with Senate approv-
It would make grants to edu-
cational and research institutions
and award scholarships to young
men and women.
An executive committee of nine,
named every two years by the
Foundation, would carry out
Foundation policies through a
The Willow Village AVC last
night elected delegates and alter-
nates to the national convention
to be held in Milwaukee 'June
Delegates include Walt Hoff-
mann, Eugene Colinsky and Phil
F. Westbrook. Alternates are Jer-
ry McCrosky, Richard W. Eich-
bouer and William A. Klein III.
As part of its instruction to the
delegates, the group went on rec-
ord as recommending "all eco-
nomic loans to foreign countries
be made by the International
Bank for Development and Re-
construction, without recourse to
political forms or 'dollar diplo-
As summer session officers, the
group elected Charles B. Black-
mar, chairman; Eugene Colinsky,
vice chairman; Irving Fink, treas-
urer; and Joseph E. King, secre-
The campus will ring with
sweet harmony and wild cheers to-
night as ten fraternities compete
for top vocal honors in the tradi-
tional Inter-Fraternity Sing.
As in years past, the library steps
will be the scene for the colorful
event, and music is set to begin at
The groups scheduled to sing,
determined in tryouts last Thurs-
day, and the sponsoring sororities
include: Kappa Sigma, sponsored
by Alpha Phi; Alpha Delta Phi,
Kappa Alpha Theta; Beta Theta
Pi, Delta Gamma; Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, Kappa Kappa Gamma;
Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha Omicron
Sponsored by Sororities
The list continues with: Phi
Gamma Delta, Sorosis; Chi Psi,
Alpha Gamma Delta; Sigma Phi,
Kappa Delta; Delta Tau -Delta,
Chi Omega; Sigma Phi Epsilon,
Alpha Xi Delta; Theta Chi, Delta
Delta Delta; and Phi Delta Theta,
Gamma Phi Beta.
Alpha Chi Omega, winner in
Monday's Lantern Night song con-
T a Halted
LANSING, May 20--(A)---A wild
demonstration at a public hearing
on the Callahan bill to regulate
and control foreign agencies
brought an abrupt closing of the
Loud boos and catcalls from a
packed House chamber followed a
denunciation of the Communist
party and its alleged influence on
the labor movement by Homer
Martin, former president of the
United Auto Workers.
Rep. Howard Carroll, House Ju-
diciary Committee chairman, who
warned the labor-sympathetic
crowd previously to restrain itself,
ended the public meeting and re-
convened the committee in a pri-
vate room to hear additional tes-
The State AVC representative
went on record as unqualifiedly op-
posing the Callahan Bill in its at-
tempt to give the Attorney Gen-
eral of the State of Michigan the
arbitrary power to denominate any
group as a foreign agency under
sweeping provisions that would
apply as well to the Boy Scouts,
Communist Party, and Catholic
PRESIDENT'S DAUGHTER BOARDS PLANE--Margaret Tru-
man bids good-bye to Mayor David L. Lawrence as she boarded a
plane in Pittsburgh, Pa., for Kansas City after cancelling a con-
cert appearance in Pittsburgh, because of the illness of her grand-
mother. Concert Manager William Beegle is at left.
SororityW lS pon red Gr upi '
WilCope - -nIF Si-g
test, will repeat at intermission the
selection which won the sorority
first place in that contest: "Fire-
Malcolm Barnum will act as
master-of-ceremonies for tonight's
Stands have been erected before
the library to accommodate the
sororities which will act as cheer-
ing sections for their respective
fraternity groups. A local radio
store will be on hand to record the
TIO Decide IUS*
WASHINGTON, May 20-(/P)--
Secretary of State Marshall dis-
closed today the Administration
has put off decisions on further
foreign aid programs, such as the
$400,101,000 Greek-Turkish meas-
ure, until it completes a global
survey of postwar needs.
The survey, first of its kind, is
being made by a new policy group
set up by Marshall. It is headed by
George F. Kennan, diplomatic ex-
pert on Russian affairs.
Marshall also told a news con-
1. He does not agree with sug-
gestions from London that devel-
opments in the Mediterranean
mean a shift in military responsi-
bilities there from Britain to the
2. He favors a very urgent and
prompt allocation for Italy from
one group after another.
The pattern took definite
shape May 6 when the National
Federation of Telephone Work-
ers freed the 39 striking unions
to bargain on their own for
the best deals they could get.
This loose federation of 49 un-
ions had hoped to become one
big telephone union and up un-
til May 6 required that it pass
on any agreement.
What will become of the feder-
ation remains to be seen. It start-
ed out with demands for a $12 a
week increase but reduced the
demand to $6 on April 25 to fit
the pattern of wage increases in
other industries-15 cents an hour.
Many of the agreements were
for a $2 to $4 wage increase,
with some higher. The average
appeared to be about $3.50 or
In addition to the flat boost,
there was a sprinkling of "fringe"
wage adjustments, covering re-
lated demands, which the NFTW
estimated would average about $1
a week per striker.
Government figures show tele-
phone workers averaged around
$44.00 a week before the increase.
John Murray, U.S. Labor Dis-
putes Conciliator, announced
the settlement between Western
Electric and its equipment work-
ers and S. P. Schwartz, labor
relations manager of the com-
pany's installation division,
"Now we can get on with the
installation of urgently needed tel-
ephone central office equipment.
The company will be ready to re-
sume work Wednesday morning."
W. D. Barry, president of the
Union's Local 69 said in a New
York announcement that union
members would be back at work in
the morning, Picket lines of the
union have prevented full resump-
tion of work by some other union-
ists who have refrained from
crossing them even though theit
disputes have been settled.
On Vet Grants
Tomorrow is the deadline fo
veteran undergraduates to sub-
mit applications for Bomber
Any student whose education
was interrupted by at least one
year's service in the armed forces
is eligible for the grants. The
scholarships will be awarded on
the basis of need, character and
Application blanks for the
Bomber Scholarships may be
picked up in the Office of Student
Affairs, Rm. 2, University Hall.
Noted Alumnus Dies
ANN ARBOR, Mich., May 20-
(---Funeral services were held
here today for Charles F. McComb,
noted bibliographer, who died at
St. Joseph's Hospital yesterday
after a brief illness. He was 60.
McComb, who studied at Ohio
State and the University, formerly
was a member of the staff of the
Library of Congress in Washing-
DETROIT, May 21 (Wednes-
day)- () -The Michigan Bell
Telephone Co. agreed today to a
return to work of all its 16,000
strikers at 6 a.m.
Negotiators said, however, that
some workers might have to be
sent home pending fin'al arrange-
ments 'on a restoration of full ser-
statement from either side to shed
light on evident new differences.
Strikers already had been or-
dered to return to work at 6 a.m.
Mrs. Frances Smith, head of the
operators union, gave a cryptic re-
oly when asked if the operators
would return to the switchboards
"As far as we're concerned, it
looks that way," she said. "How-
aver, the company may want to
lock some of us out."
Previously the conferees had
Jeen in session three hours and 40
minutes. They had met for what
was believed the mere formality
Jf the final understanding.
The company estimated the cost
f its strike-settling wage increase
at more than $5,500,000 annually
and Vice-President Herbert F.
Lange said the State Public Serv-
ice Commission would be asked to
authorize a rate increase.
Michigan Bell and the Michigan
Federation of Telephone Employes
(Ind,) signed a contract termi-
nating the walkout of 10,0000 op-
arators at 3 p.m. Tuesday.
Normral service for the first time
since April 7 appeared only a mat-
ter of hours, although the company
warned that it depended upon the
rate of return of the strikers.
* * 4
All striking members of NTTIW
Local 301 will be back on the job
in Ann Arbor at 6 a.m. today, ac-
cording to Floyd S. Greene, un-
Officials of the local union were
notified of the strike settlement by
telegram yesterday afternoon,
Greene"said. Other members of
the union will be informed of the
settlement and it is expected that
all workers will be available for
their regular tour of duty tomor-
row, according to Greene.
Rank and file members of the
union are "pretty well satisfied
44-Day Strike Is
Brought to Close
Equipmient Employes Will Return
To Jobs with 11.5 Cent Hourly Raise
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 20-The last major dispute in the telephone
industry was settled today, signaling the end of the cross-country
The settlement was on the basis of an 11%/ cents-an-hour average
wage increase (or an estimated $4.60 a week) for 20,000 members of
the association of communication equipment workers, employes of the
Western Electric Company in 42 states.
They walked out April 7 along with otheP telephone workers across
the country. At one time the strikers were estimated to number
340,000 but in recent weeks the strike has been tapering to an end,
with agreements being reached for * * *
Union Head Hints
At Partial Lockout
DETROIT, May 20-(AP)-Set-
tlement of the 44-day-old strike
of 16,000 Michigan telephone
workers met with unexplained de-
As a conference of management
and striker representatives was
recessed until 8 p.m., there was no
Campus organizations which
plan any type of fund raising
campaigns next year must con-
tact Jean Gringle, chairman of
the Student Legislature's Drives
Committee before 7 p.m. today.
Organizations which fail to do
this may not be able to be placed
on the official Drives Calendar
which will be approved at a meet-
ing of the Student Legislature at
7:30 p.m. today at the League,
according to Miss Gringle.
World News at a Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 20-A strong movement developed on Cap-
itol Hill tonight to put 10,000,000 additional persons under the Social
Security program and to prevent the old age insurance tax from rising
beyond its present level of 1 percent on workers and 1 percent on em-
* *' * *
NANKING, May 20-Chiang Kai-Shek declared today it is
up to the Communists to make the first move toward ending Chi-
na's civil war, as a few feet outside the conference hall police and
6,000 defiant students battled with fire hoses, bamboo canes,
stones and fists.
* * * * .
COLLEGIA TE COMFORT:
Apartment Seekers Find Oasis in Idaho
There's one college in this coun-
+tr which ha no housing short-
$25 to $32 per month. There are
acn cznma funigihPr tn-rnnm
and facilities built by the Navy. It
was, Pfctahli-hprlbyA. mixvri mrmm