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May 03, 1947 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-05-03

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, IWAT ,

f i -_

SATUIUJAY. ~AY 3. 1947

Regulate Vivisection

ANTI-VIVISECTIONISTS have for years
complained about the use of animals in
scientific experimentation, and certain sec-
tions of the American press have printed
spectacular pictures to shock and revolt
their readers.
To eliminate such criticism and to put
animal experimentation on a well-regulated
and a humane basis, state legislation is now
under consideration. State Senate Bill 201
which is supported by medical and dental
schools throughout the state has been pass-
ed unanimously and sent to the House where
it faces a vote in a few days.
If the bill becomes law the State Com-
missioner of Health will be required to reg-
ister any individual or group which keeps
or uses animals for experimental purposes.
He will be authorized to "regulate and to
promulgate rules and regulations controlling
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN CAMPBELL

the humane use of animals for the diagnos-
is and treatment of human and animal dis-
eases, the advancement of veterinary, den-
tal, medical and biological sciences, and the
testing and diagnosis, improvement and
standardization of laboratory specimens, bi-
ologic products, pharmaceuticals and drugs.
An advisory committee, appointed by the
Governor under the provisions of this bill,
would include the deans of the medical
schools at Wayne and the University of
Michigan, the dean of the University of De-
troit Dental school, the dean of the Veter-
inary Department of Michigan State Col-
lege, and representatives from a state re-
search laboratory and the Michigan Hospital
Association.
The committee would approve rules and
regulations the Commissioner sets forth.
This bill merits the support of all of us
who are interested in the public health and
welfare and in the humane regulation of
animal experimentation.
Indications are, however, that it may face
a stiff opposition in the House.
The addres4 of Howard Estes, chairman
of the Public Health Committee which will
report out the bill, is : State House, Lans-
ing, Mich.
-Tom Walsh

Press DiscrtmiatiTonT

CLOSE ON THE HEELS of the warning re-
port on "A Free and Responsible Press"
has come a move which endangers what
competition there is left in the newspaper
world.
Ever since the Supreme Court ruled that
the Associated Press was in violation of anti-
trust laws by withholding its news, feature
and picture services from papers desiring
to compete with old AP members, the big
publishers whose monopoly positions were,
endangered by the decision have been seek-
ing a method of evading the ruling.
A House judiciary subcommittee is now
considering a bill which would exempt
press associations from certain sections of
the anti-trust laws, and restore to them
their old rights of discrimination.
The contention of the publishers support-
ing the bill is that the court decision singles
out the press for discrimination by denying
it the right enjoyed by other business to
choose its own customs. George C. Blohm,
lobbyist for the publishers, and Chicago
Tribune man, further argues that the bill is
essential to assure continued competition in
the news agency and newspaper fields.
The opposition to the measure, which will
include testimony of Thurman Arnold, Rob-
ert Lasch, chief editorial writer for the Chi-
cago Sun and Kenneth L. Kimball, special
assistant to the attorney general, maintains
that refusal on the part of AP to sell its
news was a restraint of trade in that it sub-
jected to severe hardship any paper seeking
to compete with an AP member.
Unexpected support for the opposition
came during the hearings when Rep.
Gwynne (Rep., Iowa) chairman of the sub-
committee considering the matter summed
up the bill as one which would "frustrate
competition." Pointing to the Supreme
Court testimony that in 26 cities in the
United States in which there is only one
newspaper, that newspaper has contracts
with all three' of the major wire services,

Gwynne concluded, "Under this bill, if some-
one wanted to start a competing newspaper
in one of these cities, he'd have to pay hold-
ers of these contracts huge sums. This
frustrates free competition."
In his questioning of Blohm, Gwynne
extracted the admission that the bill
would make it virtually impossible for a
competitor to start a newspaper in a city
where an existing paper held exclusive
contracts for press association service.
ROBERT LASCH, winner of the Atlantic
Monthly's 1944 award for an article on
freedom of the press, in a statement to the
sub-committee explained, "If you accept the
premise that competition among newspapers
is a good thing, that it preserves freedom of.
expression, that it keeps the papers alive to
their responsibilities, then I think you must
agree that at the very least the government
should pass no laws which may encourage
monopoly and accelerate the decline of com-
petition."
Lasch asserted that the Associated Press
is "the collective arm of the organized, es-
tablished newspaper industry" and to give
it unlimited power to restrict the growth of
competing newspapers would be to stifle
competition.
The difficulties in setting up a new paper
are well known. A bill which would further
add to the limitations of the field cannot
be allowed to pass. The publishers support-
ing the bill can only argue that their "right
to discriminate" has been discriminated
against. The choice should be easy be-
tween granting freedom to discriminate or
freedom of the press.
To condone the right of monopoly in any
field is to establish a dangerous precedent.
To leave the gates open for monopoly
among newspaper would accelerate what
is becoming a rush toward constriction of
freedom in this field.
-Harriett Friedman

Pi- ted
Pell
T IS UNFORTUNATE that the best case
against President Ruthven's banning of
MYDA to appear in The Daily is the one
offered by the communists themselves.
Thursday's Daily carried a statement by
Mr. Jack Gore of the local Communist club
in which he said:
"No . . . action by President Ruthven or
'proof that the AYD is communist' by the
Daily answegs the challenge in our country
that all are free to speak unless their ex-
hortations present a 'clear and present dan-
ger' to the security of our government."
I think Mr. Harsha and his associates
subscribe to this notion. There have been
all sorts of innuendos appearing on this
page which suggest that President Ruth-
ven's act was wrong of itself, whether or
not MYDA has communist affiliations.
Yet no Daily editorial writer has made
this specific point.
Instead the issue has been clouded by
such editorials as Mr. Harsha's own which
thoroughly works its way down a blind al-
ley to prove exhaustively that MYDA is com-
munist affiliated. Such analyses do a dis-
tinct dissservice to those of us who are try-
ing to preserve an honest and tolerant atti-
tude toward civil liberties. Instead, we are
forced to turn to the communist's own de-
fense-however hypocritical it may be on
their part-as the only valid one.
There have been explanations offered as
to why this action was taken by the Uni-
versity adminstration. One of them is that
President Ruthven did it to ease outside
pressure brought against the University.
This is certainly understandable. Yet in
no way can it be used to condone Presi-
dent Ruthven's actions.
Perhaps students here think it is pointless
to expect administrators in large institu-
tions to go to any great length to oppose
such pressure. For comparison I refer them
to an administration-student government re-
port issued at Columbia University two
weeks ago in which it was stated:
"There is strong evidence to the effect
that AYD is controlled to a large extent'
by communists and communist sympathiz-
ers, and that the policies followed by AYD
are similar to those followed by the Com-
munist Party. This does not remove the
responsibilities of a democratic govern-
ment to its minority groups."
Dean Carman and Dean McKnight of
that University went on to endorse this re-
port agreeing "that the best way to pre-
serve democracy was to keep Communism
out in the open where it could be seen and
fought."
This very same report authorized a stu-
dent subcommittee to write letters to Michi-
gan State College, Queens College and Color-
ado College to "inform those campuses that
have already taken action against AYD
groups of the Columbia attitude towards
such undemocratic action."
No doubt w'e may expect a similar letter
any day.
-Harry Levine
['D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Silent Dewey
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
r'HIS IS ONE of those high time pieces. It
It is high time Governor Dewey of New
York made some sort of statement about
the Taft labor program in its present form.
Mr. Dewey is the head-man of a liberal

state, a state which believes in the closed
shop (or which, at least, has not passed an
anti-closed shop bill); jt is a state which
believes, by and large, in a good many oth-
er principles threatened by the Taft labor
program.
It is hard to see why the governor of a
state with a large labor interest should be
any more bashful about defending that in-
terest than the governor of a farm state
would be about defending the farming in-
terest. And as a former presidential candi-
date and national leader of his party, Mr.
Dewey can hardly put a defense of diffi-
dence about embroiling himself in national
controversy. No meek or careful little state-
ment, putting himself somehow on record,
will do, for the question about Mr. Dewey
is whether he burns, or doesn't burn, with
passion for a cause; and a man who has a
passion will use every legitimate weapon
he possesses.
The question is whether Mr. Dewey is
primarily concerned about his own poten-
tial maximum effect on the impending
event, or its potential maximum effect on
him.
Will he sit it out, and wait until the late
summer of 1948, as a kind of open season
for dropping doctrines and opinions all over
the place, post-mortems on a fight he did
not share?
(New York Post Syndicate, Copyright 1947)

I

1 yit4 F0-$y4 cts

a-30 ad

"This is nice, but I miss th' city."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

BILL MAULDIN
q ..J
01 , - ic" I /
KW3->
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N .Nrs^A SJaMSN v aa v t ' t . >-
r~ai ,

MAN TO MAN:
Oppressive Labor Bill

(Continued from Page 3)
with this company with permanent
employment after graduation in
mind will also be interviewed.
Attention Senior Men: The Con-
necticut General Life Insurance
Company will have representatives
at our office on Wed., May 7, to
interview men interested in a sal-
aried training program covering
all phases of the insurance busi-
ness-administrative, technical and
sales.
For appointments with these
companies, call at the Bureau or
phone ext. 371.
Lectures
Nu Sigma Nu Lecture: Dr. James
Barrett Brown, Professor of Max-
illo-facial Surgery, Washington
University, St. Louis, Missouri,
will lecture on the subject, "Possi-
bilities and Limitations in Plastic
Surgery" (illus.), at 8 p.m., Wed.,
May 7, Rackham Amphitheatre.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Ogden
Linne Tweto, Geology; thesis:
"Pre-Cambrian and Laramide Ge-
ology of the Vasquez Mountains,
Colorado," Sat., May 3, 9 a.m.,
Rm. 4065, Natural Science Bldg.,
Chairman, T. S. Lovering.
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
10-12 noon, Sat., May 3, Rm. 319,
W. Medical Bldg. Subject, "The
Nutritional Role of the Microflora
in the Alimentary Tract." All in-
terested are invited.
Psychology 31: There will be no
movies nor demonstrations on
Monday or Tuesday in either Nat-
ural Science Auditorium or 231
Angell Hall. Movies will be re-
sumed May 12 and 13.
School of Education Testing
Program: Students who partici-
pated in the School of Education
testing program may receive the
report of their scores in the School
of Education Office, Rm. 1439,
University Elementary School.
Students are encouraged to dis-
cuss their scores with C1 and A10
instructors. Please call for your
reports Friday, Monday or Tues-
day afternoon.
Honors inl the Liberal Arts:
Those intending to take this course
next year should sign up now eith-
er with Assistant Dean Peake,
1220 A. H., or with Prof. Dodge,
17 A. H.
Concerts
Madrigal Singers under the di-
rection of Wayne Dunlap, will be
lheard in a programn at 8:30 p.n.,
Sun. May 4, Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, with ten students par-
ticipating. William Stubbins, Rus-
sell Howland and Nelson Hauen-
stein will play recorders. The
concert will be open to the gen-
eral public.
Carillon Recital by Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, 3
p.m., Sun., May 4. Program: Lit-
urgical music by Arcadeldt, Mo-
zart and Gounod; hymns by Pur-
cell, Redhead and Smart, Psalm
XXV by Rachmaninoff, a group of
spirituals and Old German Pil-
grim Song.

Student Recital: Arlene Lucille
Sollenberger, Contralto, and pupil
of Arthur Hackett will present a
recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music at 8:30 p.m., Mon.,
May 5, Rackham Assembly Hall,
The public is invited.
Student Recital: Barbara Lee
Smith, Mezzo-soprano, will pre-
sent a recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music at
4:15 p.m., Sun., May 4, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The gen-
eral public is invited.
Events Today
University Radio Program:
2:30 p.m., Station WJR, 760 Kc.
"Stump the Professor," Colton
Storm, Clements Library, Quiz-
master.
10:15 p.m., Station WJR, 760 Kc.
The Medical Series-"Citizenship
and Cancer," Dr. Cliffor Kean,
Medical Adviser at Kaiser-Fraser.
Student Religious Association
Luncheon Discussion, group: 12:15
p.m., Lane Hall. The Invisible
Bridge, a sound film on world-
wide rebuilding, will be presented.
Reservations should be made at
Lane Hall by 10 a.m. on Saturday.
Congregational-Disciples Guild:
Dr. Hope Nichoson who is on fur-
lough from the Disciples of Christ
Hospital, Bilaspur, Central Prov-
inces, India, will be at the Guild
House from 7:30 to 9 p.m.
Delta Epsilon Pi Society will
have a get-together with members
of Sigma Epsilon Pi, Wayne Uni-
versity, at 8 p.m., St. Nicholas
Church. Refreshments.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
"Corned Beef Corner." 10:45 to 12
midnight.
Coming Events
Graduate Education: F i n a 1
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Tues., May 6,
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Dean Edmonson will lead
the discussion on "The Improve-
ment of Teacher Education in the
Graduate School."
Women's Research Club: An-
nual dinner, 6:30 p.m., Monl., May
5, Michigan Union. Dr. Charlotte
Walker will speak on the subject,
"Dialantin Treatment of Behav-
ior Problem Children."
A.S.C.E.: Mr. Raymond C. Daly,
construction superintendent for
George Fuller and Co., will speak
on "What Contractors Expect from
Graduate Engineers," 7:30 p.m.,
Tues., May 6, Michigan Union,
Plans for picnic will be made. All
interested invited.
Phi Sigma: Business meeting,
7:30 p.m. Open to public, 8 p.m.,
Mon., May 5, Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Mary Jane Williams, of
the Michigan Department of Con-
servation, Educational Division,
will speak on "Fun and Profit in
the Out-of-doors"-a color movie-
lecture in three parts: "Porcupine
Mountains," "Canoe Trails," and
"Where to Now?" All interested are
cordially invited.
Women Veterans: Mr. L. S.
(Continued on Page 5)

Letters to the Editor...

I

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in letters are those of the
writers only. Letters o more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted et the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
In'ocuous' Filat
To the Editor:
AFTER WAITING since the last
Disney picture to see a good
movie, we were not disappointed in
his latest masterpiece "Song of
the South." Taking our place at
the end of the usual quarter block
line we had our Sunday cigar bent
and our Sunday shoe shine scuffed
by people dodging the IRA pickets,
who were pushing placards arounc
a semi-circular race track, in the
best picket tradition.
Catching fleeting glimpses of the
placards, we were able to discern
the words "New Republic," "hap-
py plantation life," and "Negro."
Although we didn't catch the com-
plete slogans,r thesituation did
provoke an iriitating curiosity.
Thus incited we sat on the edges
of our seats trying to spot scenes
of misrepresentation, racial ha-
tred, etc., etc. We found Uncle
Remus to be a lovable, brow beat-
en, old gent, living with the other
slaves on a more or less benevo-
lently run plantation which pro-
vided the vehicle for the exception-
al Disney animation. Near the
end of the picture we had relaxed
and were throughly enjoying the
show.
Leaving the theatre we encoun-
tered the same indefatigable pick-
ets, picketing; and upon inquiring
we found that the idea of the pick-
et line was to induce people to
think about the situation of the
Negro as portrayed in the movie.
It was further pointed out that in
movies the Negro usually plays a
servient or inferior character.
We are 100% for better racial
understanding etc., etc., but we
failed to see how even the most
sensitive of the eager tolerance
campaigners could find in this in-
nocuous vehicle a cause to identi-
fy themselves with or against. We
humbly suggest that the pickets
might more profitably form an
anti-seduction league and picket
the movies down the street.
-Peter L. Leow
-Hubert B. Hunt
Supports Picketing
To the Editor:
j OHN D. HICKS, prominent his-
torian at the University of
California, whose presentation of
Negro History is typical of that
found in most text books, states:
"The lot of the slave on the
southern plantation was ordin-
arily quite tolerable. As a valu-
able piece of property, his good
health was a matter of consider-
able consequence to his master .
Indeed, the slaves got much posi-
tive enjoyment out of life. Ex-
tremely gregarious, they delighted
in the community life of the plan-
tation . . . They loved to sing and
dance . . . They were generally
blessed with akeen sense of hu-
mor; they rarely fretted when
treated well, because of their state
of bondage . . . and the affection
of white boys and girls for their
Negro nurses, or 'mammies,' was
proverbial."
Negro historians know that the
conditions which the Negro en-
dured under slavery were hours of
hard work, sunup to sundown, for
which he received a minimum of
food and a shack, and a system-
atic cruelty almost inconceivable.
As Hicks states the slave was a
valubale piece of property, but
that fact.that, this property was
feeling, thinking Man has been

omitted. The property-the ma-
chine was driven, but the Man re-
belled.
That the Negro struggled des-
perately throughout s 1 a v e r y
against his oppression for free-
dom even though this resulted in
the most excruciating forms of
torture, is a fact so extensively
omitted from literature generally
available to the public that many
people are blinded to the distor-
tion and accept the movie "Song
of the South," which enacts Hick's
history, as "innocent." They go
on talking about democracy and
Americanism while crushing di-
rectly or indirectly a people who
played a big role in making Ameri-
ca great.'
Those who have heard no criti-
cism of "Song of the South" might
turn to Time Magazine, Nov. 18,
'46-
"Ideologically the picture is a
cartoon to land its maker in hot
water. Tattered ole Uncle Remus
who cheerfully knew his place in
the ea'sy going world of late 19th
Century Georgia, in accepted
Southern fashion always omitting'

the capital from the word 'Negro'
is a character bound to enrage all
educated Negroes and a number
of damyankees."
Ebony Magazine, March '47,
said:
"Thks type of picture, 'Song of
the South' only strengthens the
speeches of Talmadge and Bilbo
. . definitely plays an important
part in blocking the road leading
to the advancement of all minor-
ities, especially the Negroes."
Scores of similar comments from
magazine reviews could be listed.
During the war, in a couple of
pictures the Negro was filmed as
a hero to some extent. Why not
keep it up? When we talk about
the dignity of man, this should
apply to the Negro, too.
-Dorothy Griffel
Frogs Picketing?
To the Editor:
JUST READ the front page of
the "Michigan Daily" April 29th
and noticed that the local movie
house was picketed. Because the
State theatre showed Walt Dis-
ney's "Song of the South," Dor-
othy Griffel, a member of the
Ann Arbor Council of the National
Negro Congress picketed the
State Theatre because "the pic-
turerdistorts the history of the
Negro people, perpetuating the
myth that they were docile in
slavery." I suppose that the white
people have a right to picket a
Laurel and Hardy movie because
the actions aren't typical of the
white race as a whole. Perhaps
the frogs should picket the thea-
tre because frogs smoking pipes
aren't typical of frogs generally. D.
Griffel why don't you go to a
movie and relax and enjoy it.
What people won't do nowadays
for the right to picket!
--B. Rink
Fairy Tale'
To the Editor:
CONCERNING the picketing of
the movie which is currently
showing, "Song of the South," I
feel that the issue of slavery is
irrelevant to such a fairy tale.
The pickets have raised a sub-
ject long-dead and are defeating
their own purpose by so doing.
Why not enjoy it for its own
worth as a fairy tale? ,
-Pat G. Jackson
Tinks Disciples
To the Editor:
it has been justly noted in the
past that parodies are made by
lighthearted disciples of the orig-
inal. my most recent letter to the
daily has had apparently the pow-
er to gain me many followers. they
have seen the values of lowercase
in satire and parody; and they are
showing an unusual tolerance.
milton had many imitators and
satirists take up his manner and
mannerisms after paradise lost
and many were delightfully suc-
cessful.* there is this also to say,
however, and this to remember,
that nope tried to outparadise
milton; they recognized his theme,
his ability, and his sincerity, as
valid.
i want to thank these people
again for their shrewd under-
standing and appreciative mimi-
cry, it is no mean task for a writ-
er to have helped his critics.
--cid corman
£tc tauDatI

*

By HAROLD L. ICKES
rJ'HE MOST VICIOUS ASPECT of the la-
bor bill which has been passed by the
House and is now being debated by the Sen-
ate is not to be found in its provisions, al-
though they are bad enough to warm the
heart of Tom Girdler. It is to be found in
the circumstances in which the labor unions
of the country find themselves.
Most of the great unions of the country
have had or will have contracts coining to
an end this spring and hence they will have
to negotiate new agreements -with manage-
ment. Some have already done this while
some expect to do it shortly. But all of
them find themselves under compulsion to
negotiate new contracts with a veritable
sword of Damocles hanging over their heads.
The sword is the Congress of the United
States.
No union leader in these days can con-
sider that, in his bargaining with manage-
ment. his only opponent will be manage-
ment. If he is the leader of a great national
union such as the steel workers, he knows,
for instance, that he is practically stopped
from using labor's only and traditional wea-
pon-the strike. He knows that to use it
and thus tie up the economy of the United
States would inevitably result in him and
his union having to fight a losing war on
two fronts with both management and the
government of the United States. Further,
he knows that management knows that he
knows this.
In such circumstances it is, and it will be,
difficult for any labor union to secure from
management its just rights.
It was bad enough before the H'artley La-
bor bill passed, the House. Until then, the
union leader always had the hope that the
House might act reasonably. Now he knows
that all of the speeches made Jy the Con-
gressmen during the past year or so had in

To be sure there is considerable sentiment
in the Senate for softening the provisions
of the House bill, but there is no assurance
that this sentiment will prevail and certain-
ly there is no certainty that it would pre-
vail, if John L. Lewis, for instance, should
take out his men on June 30 and thus
cause a nation-wide industrial tieup.
Furthermore, the outlook for the future
is not so bright so far as the union leader
is concerned. So far as he can see into the
future, Congress will be in session when his
contracts come up for renewal. Thus his
only salvation lies in securing a Congress
which is more favorably disposed to the
claims of labor than is this one. Yet, if he
now dares to attack sitting Congressmen
with a view to ousting them at the next
election, he and all unions are almost cer-
tain to be subject to retaliation in the form
of more stringent laws.
Thus the lot of the union leader in these
times is an unhappy one. He cannot bar-
gain freely, because the Congress, subcon-
sciously at least, is a party to every bar-
gaining agreement and he cannot bargain
with this Congress.
lie cannot even speak out against the
Congress as he would like to do if he
really had the right of free speech that
he is told so much about.
It is not to be wondered at that William
Green, President of the American Federa-
tion of Labor, wished that he had been
struck by writer's cramp before he wrote
that warm letter of sprightly endorsement
only a few years ago.
After all, the Hartley Labor bill is an op-
pressive bill. It is i vindicative bill. Of
course,. in the end, such a law as that pro-
posed by Congressman Hartley would react
against its sponsors but, in the meantime,
great damage could be done to our economy

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Paul Jiarsha ......... Managing Editot
Clayton Dickey............City Editor
Milton Freudenheim..Editorial Director
Mary Brush .......... Associate Editor
Ann Kutz...........Associate Editor
Clyde Recht...........Associate Editor
Jack Martin............ Sports Editor
Archie Parsons..Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk ............ Women's Editor
Lois Kelso .. Associate Women's Editor
Joan De Carvajal....Research Assistant
Member
Associated Collegiate Press,
1946-47

BARNABY

IAnd right now his brother

Business Staff
Robe E. Polr ..Geea
,Janet Cork ......... Business
Nancy Helmick ...Advertising

Manager
Manager
Manager

,. _. w -

I I'm curious, Barnaby.

4..,o ' . ,4 I ~ rc

i

I1I

II

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