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April 02, 1947 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-04-02

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WEFDdT.SDAY, APR-[L- I,-84'4

Lewis Move Condemned

AN UNFAVORABLE Supreme Court de-
cision has obviously not sufficed to sub-
due the monstrous ego of John L. Lewis. The
mine holiday which began yesterday, at his
order, is proof of that. Mr. Lewis has cag-
ily turned a tragedy into an opportunity to
demonstrate to a country that has shown
its unmistakable disapproval of his methods
that he still retains his power.
The Centralia disaster, the excuse for
the mine holiday, does not merit the shut-
down. The enormity of the tragedy is
certainly cause for a thorough investiga-
tion of safety conditions in the mines, but
Mr. Lewis's action will not hasten what-
ever action may Le taken. The disaster
itself is a more powerful and eloquent
plea for the ihvestigation than anything
Mr. Lewis or anyone else can say about
Mr. Lewis, at this moment, is only con-
cerned with maneuvering some action to
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

beat the decision that was made against
him. He wants to work retaliation on a gov-
ernment that has interposed its will against
his own. He wants to demonstrate that he
is still the boss.4
This is not to say that Lewis feels no
human sympathy toward the victims and
their families. He has long agitated for
federal safety codes and inspection of the
mines. But what happened at Centralia
will suffice to arouse the public to an aware-
ness of the need for such a policy. The mine
holiday will not do this.
The mine holiday will do nothing more
than intensify the antagonism in the coun-
try toward the miners in particular and all
labor unions in general that was stirred up
during the two week strike last November.
In addition to causing a loss of millions of
dollars in wages to the miners, Mr. Lewis's
latest action will work against the efforts
of men who are sincerely striving to keep
Congress from taking liberal labor legisla-
tion off the books. It is conceivable that
the egotism of the demagogue may easily
be a significant factor in annulling all the
progress .that has been made during the
past decade to give labor the share of pro-
duction that it rightly deserves.
-Gloria Bendet

Pleasing Two Masters

that any seven UN Security Council mem-
bers or any 28 General Assembly nations
could "veto" American aid to Greece and
Turkey appears to be an effort to please two
No man in the Senator's position could
be expected to air views in complete disac-
cord with Administration's. Nor would his
conscience allow him to offer a whole-heart-
ed support to the "Truman Doctrine," a pro-
gram as obviously detrimental to the pres-
tige of the UN organization for which he
has worked so diligently.
In the final analysis, he has neither en-
Sugary E~
MR. AUSTIN has told the Security Council
the reason for America's policy in
Greece and Turkey. He has coated over
President Truman's by-passing the U.N. with
an official explanation. But the sugar
wasn't thick enough.
The purpose of Mr. Austin's address was
to show members of the Security Council
that the United States was not actually
by-passing the U.N., that the United States
is interested in seeing the U.N. strengthened.
He had no easy task on his hands.
Almost bverything Mr. Austin said ap-
plied to Greece, not to Turkey. Yet Amer-
ica proposes to spend 150 million dollars
exclusively for military purposes in Tu.r-
key. Mr. Austin neglected this point.
Possibly he had reason. Turkey fattened
on the war and Turkey is not in economic
trouble now. No armed bands are roam-
ing around Turkey threatening the se-
curity of the government.
At Yalta the Americans promised the
Russians to consider a peaceful adjustment
of the international situation connected with
the Dardenelles. Now unilaterally we are
going to sink 150 million dollars into the
Turkish army, which has always let the
Dardenelles be used against Russia and as

hanced the appeal of the Truman Doctrine
in UN circles nor effectively increased the
prestige of the UN. Even though the United
States were to "bend over backward" to
please the UN by surrendering its Security
Council veto as well as by recognizing a sim-
ple Assembly majority rather than the usual
two-thirds vote, it is inconceivable that
seven Security Council or 28 assembly mem-
bers could be mustered to oppose the Ameri-
can loan.
Although Vandenberg's proposal appears
to be a perfectly harmless gesture of good
will toward the UN, the benefit it would
give the organization is purely theoretical.
-Robert C. White
an agent for the Western powers. That's
a new interpretation of "peaceful adjust-
Mr. Austin was not able to make a con-
vincing case for another 150 million dol-
lars, the sum we propose to use on the Greer"
army. Mr. Austin might have bolstered his
case if he had said the Greek army would
be used to purge fascists and to aid in es-
tablishing a democratic Greek government,
instead of helping a fascistic government
maintain an iron hand over a helpless peo-
ple. But Mr. Austin didn't say any such
Mr. Austin told the Security Council that
the United States hopes it will take over
the long range economic task in Greece. But
the Food and Agriculture Organization rm
cently proposed a long range economic pro-
gram for Greece. It was removed from the
agenda of the Social and Economic Council
the day Britain told the United States she
would ,be unable to continue financial aid
to Greece. ,
If lMr. Austin's address sounded weak in
parts, possibly the blame cannot be placed
on his shoulders. He was in a difficult po-
sition. It's hard to justify an unjustifiable
-Eunice Mintz

City Editor s
AT THE SENIOR dinner preceding the
first night's showing of Junior Girls'
Play, Miss Alice Lloyd confided to one of
the student speakers that three of the dress-
es to be worn as costumes in the play were
her own.
The information was immediately put
out on the P.A. system in the round of
after-dinner speeches.
The seniors, when they adjourned to Lydia
Mendelssohn for the performance, were evi-
dently well primed.
Every time a "slinky" gown appeared on
the stage, they applauded.
DESPITE THE FACT that so many Michi-
gan Men are married, the rush on coeds
is as hot as ever.
Every now and then a dance (ommit-
tee publicity chairman drops in to the
office to line up stories and pictures for
his organization's affair.
After requesting immediate news space,
he will suddenly grow very serious and say
something like:
"We don't want coeds to get any other
ideas about what to do that night."
/E WENT over to the alumni catalogue
office yesterday to see what it is that
interests the FBI gets who check its rec-
ords "continuously."
Our file was shown to us without any fuss
or bother, and it looked innocent enough.
The contents were mostly old registra-
tion cards we filled out in Waterman Gym
years ago-in a handwriting .we didn't
Only thing that worried us was a little
check mark in the lower right hand corner
of one of the cards.
It looked a little like a sickle.
Turkish Rug
SEVERAL PATTERNS in the Greco-Tuk-
ish rug that President Truman has
spread out to entice American feet begin to
appear clearly. (1), there remains no doubt
that the administration knew as early as
last December that Britain would have to
terminate its military adventure in Greece.
(2), no proposal has been made to give the
Greek people the right to determine whe-
ther they want to retain their poor simula-
crum of a king, or would prefer a republic
on the American model. (3), the effort to
attach Turkey as a tail to Greece, by creat-
ing the impression that both countries are
on an equal footing with respect to Ameri-
can generosity is a slick maneuver to get
around the difficulty of justifying the pro-
posed loan to Turkey.
Mr. Fiorello LaGuardia was correct when
he argued before the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee that this country should
not have by-passed the United Nations as
it did. America may live to rue this. We
might have been justified in going ahead
if we had given the United Nations a rea-
sonable time either to act or to confess its
impotency. There was plenty of time to
adopt this procedure. Senators Vanden-
berg and Connally have made a belated ges-
ture in suggesting that, sometime in the fu-
ture (probably at our own good time), our
unilateral adventure into Greece and Tur-
key could be tied in with the United Na-
tions. It will be difficult for the United

Nations to survive this blow.
The Turks are well fed, in contradistinc-
tion to the privations suffered by the
Greeks. Turkey made money out of both
sides during the war, while maintaining a
large army that made it necessary for the
Allies to immobolize a good many divisions
for fear that Turkey might throw itself into
the arms of Hitler. Such was the contri-
bution that Turkey gave to the survival of
civilization, while the Greeks were fighting
heroically against Germany.
It is all very well for Secretaries Patter-
son and Forrestal to assure the Congress
that making these loans to Greece and
Turkey would not lead to war, but in the
other direction. How do they know? The
determination of war is not within the
competence of either gentleman. No one
can guarantee this.
If the lending of large sums of money to
Greece and Turkey, to oppose the imperial-
ism of the Soviets, has no warlike possibili-
ties why is it necessary to send military mis-
sions to these countries, particularly since
part of our money will go to maintain both
the Greek and the Turkish armies? And
who can guarantee that, following a recom-
mendation of our proposed military mission,
American troops will not follow American
dollars into these troubled lands?
(Copyright 1947, New York Post Corporation)

~ -;
capr 47by U; ed Feat , 2Synd.cbt n o9
T- R Rq, U. . is O.-A' 1tA 4-. }
"Shalyl iln 11~oltbo'! IV] 1 W', Ittk !",
I S sa rr

(Continued from Page 3)
avoid the interruption of subsist-
ence payments.
1. Those who are planning to
re-enroll for the Summer Session;
2. Those who are not planning
to re-enroll for the Summer Ses-
sion, but will desire leave; and
3. Those who desire their June
check (normally mailed on July 1)
sent to a different address.
Robert S. Waldrop, Director
Veterans Service Bureau
Veterans receiving government
benefits are requested to bring
their reports of absence up to date.
All reports for the first 8 weeks
of school through the week be-
ginning March 31 must be filed
by 5 p.m. April 14.

Letters to the Editor...

nit ure Company, Grand Rapids,
will speak on problems of design
in t h e furniture industry on
Thursday, April 3, at 10 a.m. in
the East Conference Room in the
Rackham Building.
All students in Wood Tech-
nlology Progruamin i the School of
Forestry and Conservation are ex-
perted to attend and any others
interested are cordially invited.
University Lecture: Robert
frost will give a reading from his
p)oems at 8 p.m., April 3, in the
Rackham lecture Hall.
A cademiic Notices
Special Functions Seminar: will
meet today at 1 p.m. in Room 340,
West Engineering. Mr. Dickinson
will talk on Certain Sums Involv-
in~ Rinominal Coefficients.


EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter torthe editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-C
pressed in 6E.ters are those of theE
writers only. Letters of more than(
300 words are shortened, printed orc
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director'.
Hare System<
To the Editor:
IN A PREVIOUS letter I prom-t
ised an explicit comparison of
the relative effectiveness of votes
under the Hare plan and underIi
1simpler" systems which have
been proposed.
There are a number of methods
of assigning a numerical score to.
each candidate and then electing
the 24 candidates with the high-
est score. The plan proposed by
Robert Carneiro is one such meth-
od; voting by "X" is another. NoI
matter how the scores are as-
signed, some candidates will re-
ceive very high scores and oth-
ers very low ones. For purposes of j
illustrations, to show how many1
of the votes would effectively
"count," we can consider a very
simple method: let each votert
mark merely one "X" for his fav-
orite candidate. If this system
has been employed last week, the
results would have been exactly '
the same as the first distribution
under the Hare plan, because in
the first distribution we counted
only first place votes. 50 votes
would have been sufficient to elect
a candidate, because the 24th-
ranking candidate last week had
just 50 votes at the end ofl th
first distribution. Hence 24 times
50, or just 1200 ballots would have
counted effectively in electing the
24 candidates., The other 1865
might just as well never have been
casted. (This may sound startling,
but it is actually what happens i
most elections of the "simple
score" type.) To take aother ex-
ample: in the elections to the
Board in Control of Publications
last fall, each student was allow-
ed to vote with three "X's." 2950
ballots were cast; allowing for the
fact that not all voters used all
three "X's," the total "score" in
the election was about 7500. The
third of the three winners was
elected on a score of about 800;
hence, about 2400 points of the
total score of 7500 were effectively
counted in electing the winners.
These two examples give batting
averages of slightly under 2/5 and
1/3 respectively.
In the election last week as it
was actually conducted under the
Hare plan, the quota necessary
to elect a candidate was 108, so
that 24 times 108, or 2592 ballots
effectively counted in electing the
winners. 399 were discarded dur-
ing the count and 74 were left
over at the end, a total of 473 bal-
lots that didn't count. This gave
the Hare plan a batting average of
slightly under 13/15. The statis-
tics of the two previous elections
here under the Hare plan are
similar .
-Bob Taylor
- :
To the Editor:
WHEN'I read the letters in the
Daily protesting the increase
of veterans subsistence, I was at
first astonished, and then alarm-
ed, as about everyone I know has
been praying that the 7oger's Bill
or a similar one would be passed.

I don't even thing the govern-
ment should allow an extra dollar
so we wives could accompany each
other to a movie once a month.
A date with one's husband, of
course, is beyond the fondest
dreams, baby sitting being what
it is!) But it certainly would be
wonderful if subsistence were in-
creased to the point where we
could buy needed medicine for
the baby, for example, without
wondering how we'll eat the next
-Mary Ann Young
':e ,
A rello s
To the Editor:
E: the letter by Robert Wis-
mer concerning the proposed
great books course.
The suggestions in the above-
mentioned letter certainly should
r e c e i v e considerable attention
from the administrators of the
Great Books course.
I kelieve in view of my exper-
iences as a "fresh-from-the-high-
schools" freshman, that limiting
this course to first 'year students
would be quite wrong. Any fresh-
man has enough reading in what-
ever courses he is taking-and in
ddition an abundance of writ-
ing- without the added weight of
fifteen great books in one cram-
med semester. From now on, most
of the incoming freshmen will
be not veterans, but 18-year-olds
just out of high school. Conse-
quently I wonder if the ordinary
first-year student, adjusting to
college, would not be on the aver-
wye too inunature or insufficiently
preplared to grasp the Great Books
course and to (o it the justice
it most certainly deserves. So
few freshmen realize that college
cou::es are more concentrated,
and thus require more time.hnan
high school subjects.
The Great Books course is in-
deed a very worthwhile idea; but
why limit it to freshmen? With
the prerequisites most of them are
filling, they'd have trouble find-
ing room for it on their schedules.
Why not open the course to fresh-
men exemipt from English 2 and
other students as well? The pre-
sent preparation afforded the fu-
ture freshmen in the high schools
will not equip many of them for
a stiff reading course during their
first year; and many would rather
take such a course later on.
-Liias Wagner
It is true that industrial activi-
ty in the western zones (of Ger-
many) is still extremely low. Only
an irregular trickle of raw mater-
ials ,eeps in. Absenteeism is re-
ported to be running as high as
one day out of three. Few Ger-
man businessmen are ready to as-
sume the risks of promoting large
undertakings; free enterprise, if
not dead in Germany, is at least
dormant. But Germany still has
the biggest industrial potential
left in Europe, all set up for the
mass production that may threat-
en peace again. What is weak is
her capitalist, underpinnings, and
the British and Russians have fur-
ther weakened them by making
basic economic changes in their
The Americans alone seem re-
luctant to face the realities of the
situation. General Clay has ex-
pressed complete neutrality on the
subject of socialization, but many
of his aides are less open minded.
Their tendency is to ally them-




Veterans Absence reports for the '
week beginning March 31 are due
April 7. These reports may be .reliminary PhD. Examinations
turned in on Friday, April 4 or in Econonics will be held during
Saturday, April 5, at any of the the week beginning Mon., May 5.
collection locations. Each student planning to take
these examinations should leave
Veterans' Tutorial Program: with the secretary of the depart-
Chemistry (3)-Mon., 7-8 p.m., ment, not later than Mon., April
122 Chem, S. Lewin; Wed.-Fri.. 21, his name, the three fields in
5-6 p.m., 122 Chem, S. Lewin; (4) which he desires to be examined,
-Mon. 7-8 p.m., 151 Chem, R. and his field of specialization.
Keller; Wed.-Fri., 5-6 p.m., 151
Chem, R. Keller. (21)-Wed., 4-5 Doctoral Exg.mination for Mil-
p.m., 122 Chem, R. Hahn. ton Oliver Denekas, Pharmaceu-
English (1)-Tu.-Th.-Fri., 5-6 tical Chemistry; thesis: "Substi-
p.m., 2203 A H. D. Martin. (2)-- tuted omego, omega' - DIAMI-
Tu.-Th.-Fri., 5-6 p.m., 3209 A H, NOALKANES," Wed., April 3, at,
D. Stocking. 3:30 p.m. in the East Council
French-(1)- Mon. Thurs. 4-5 Room, Rackham. Chairman, F. F.
p.m., 106 R L, A. Favreau. (2)---- Blicke.
Tu.-Thurs., 4-6 p.m., 205 R L, F. -
Gravit. (31) Mon.-Thurs., 4-5, Doctoral Examination for Ar-:
p.m., 203 R L, J. O'Neill. (32)- thur Joseph Zambito, Pharmaceu-
Tu.-Thurs., 4-5 p.m., 108 R L, A. tical Chemistry; thesis: "Synthetic
Favreau. Analgesics. Analogs of Amidone."
Spanish-(1)-Tu.-Thurs., 4-5 Wed., April 3, at 1:30 p.m. in the
p.m., 203 R L, E. W. Thomas. (2)- East Council Room, Rackham.
Mon.-Wed., 4-5 p.m., 207 R L , H. Chairman. F. F. Blicke.
Hootkins. (2) -Tu.-Thurs., 4-5
p.m., 207 R L, H. Hootkins. (31)-
Tu.-Thurs., 4-5 p.m., 210 R L, C.Concerts
German-Mon.-Wed., 7:30-8:30 Student Recital: Nancy Marsh,
p.m., 2016 A H, F. Reiss; Sat., 11- student of piano under Joseph
12 a.m., 2016 A H, F. Reiss. Brinkman, will be heard in a
Mathematics - (6 through 15) program of compositions by Bach,
-Wed.-Fri., 5-6 p.m., 3010 A H, G. Beethoven, Debussy, Chopin, and
Costello; Sat., 11-12 a.m., 3010 A Sowerby, at 8:30 Tuesday, April
H, G. Costello. (52, 53, 54)-Wed.- 15, in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Fri., 5-6 p.m., 3011 A H ,E. Span- Theater. Given in partial fulfill-
ier; Sat., 11-12 a.m., 3011 A H, E. ment of the requirements for the
Spanier. degree of Bachelor of Music, the
Physics (25,45)-Mon.-Tu.-Th. recital will be open to the pub-
5-6 p.m., 202 W. Physics, R. Hart- lic.
man. (26, 46)-Man.-Tu.-Th.,5-
6 p.m.-1036 Randall, D. Falkoff . Studentttafnt Recital: 1-eleneJarvis,

A tomic Balance Sheet

TWO YEARS AGO, the American armed
forces revealed atomic bombs, the most
deadly weapons of all time. We destroyed
two Japanese cities and part of our fleet
with them. It became apparent that unless
something was done to prevent their general
use in later wars, they would destroy much
of mankind outright and destroy liberty for
the remainder.
Since then nearly two years have elapsed.
ONE ANTIDOTE to Communist control of
Latin American labor is the proposal
which has been laid before the American
Federation of Labor for the establishment
of a permanent Inter-American Trade Union
Association of democratic, independent and
effective labor organizations. Such a trade-
union association could promote the dissem-
ination of sound information among Latin
American trade unionists concerning the
methods, techniques and structural devices
of organized labor in the United States, by
direct contact among both union leaders
and rank-and-file groups. It could foster
a regular exchange of trade-union missions
free of any governmental control. The
training of Latin American labor leadership
would be greatly expedited by a scholarship
plan under which Latin American trade
unionists would come to the United States
and Canada to acquire practical experience
in labor schools, organized shops and trade-
union offices. In addition, the plan features

What is the situation? Here are some of the
essential facts:
The Soviet Union, through Ambassador
Gromyko, has twice and definitely turned
down the American Baruch Plan and the
fundamental principles of international
atomic control.
The United States has answered that
unless these principles are accepted there
will be no atomic control.
So long as this situation holds, the del-
egates to the U.N. Atomic Energy Com-
mission are chasing their tails in continu-
ing any discussion.
The 'American Senate, in a depressing
demonstration of irresponsibility, is holding
up the confirmation of the President's nom-
inees to the U.S. Organization for Atomic
Energy Control.
Professor Joliot-Curie of France, a known
communist whose allegiance is to the Soviet
Union, has announced that he knows how
the atomic bomb is constructed.
The Soviet Union is said to be making
frantic efforts to produce atomic bombs,
aided by a certain number of German scien-
Conclusion: the peoples of the world
still have a few years in which to find
real security. The American Administra-
tion urges world-wide atomic control un-
der an international agency. . Some Con-
gressmen and Senators would transform
such an agency into a sort of world se-
curity body with sovereign powers over


pianist, will present a recital in
University Comm unity .enter partial fulfillment of the require-
1045 Midway ments for the degree of Bachelor
Willo Ru Vill of Music at 8:30 Monday eve-
Tue., April 1, 8 p.m -Wives of ning, April 14, in Lydia Mendels-
Student Veterans Club. Special iohn Theater. A pupil of Joseph
program: Mr. Ferdinand Dierkens, Brinkman, Miss Jarvis has plan-
oned a program to include compo-
of Brussels, Belgium; 8 p.m., Crea- sit ions by Beethoven Brahms,
tive Writei's' Group.
Wed., April 2, 8 p.m. Griffes, and Rachmaninoff. It will
Wed. Aprl 2,8 p~.-Wies'be open to the general public.
Club Benefit Bridge Party. t el
Thurs., April 3, 8 p.m.---Maundy
Thursday Service of Interdenomi- Lecture-Recital: Panorama of
natioal Chrch.Secular Music before 1600-Popu-
national Church. lar Music of the Middle Ages and
Friday, April 4, 8 p.m.-Good Renaissance, prepared for per-
Friday Service, Interdenomina- formance by graduate students in
tional Church. Theory and Musicology, under the
Keep Wednesdays open to at-L s
tend the spring talks on homes direction of Lotuise Cuyler; 8:30
and books. p.m, today, Rackham Assembly
and books. Hall: open to students on campus.
FyLecture :Faculty Recital: Elizabeth
FurnitureIndustry Lecture: Mr. Smelts, soprano, will present a re-
R u o s iini C on Page 6)

So when I asked the one person IIselves, not with the liberal ele-
know who IhaskedithenaginpsthIments that are Germany's best
know who has written against the hope, but with the most reaction-
increase just what his motive was,a'oes.
and she answered that in so farayons
as her husband was leaving in --New Republic
June she saw no reason why they
should pay taxes for the rest of
Ls, I saw that prayer was no wea-
pon against such noble attitudes,
and I decided to pocket the pride
that we-who-need-and-want-in-
creased -subsistence are suposediy
lacking, and present the other side
of the story.c
I do not feel that the govern-
ment is obligated to support me --
and my family while educating Fa tL
my husband, but neither can I'I
think of a better investment for it
to make. In devoting the rest of
his life to the teaching field, I'm
sure my husband will amply repay - -
the taxpayers the "debt" we con- I Fifty-Seventh Year
tract during these years.
I, too, am a teacher, but be- Edited and managed by students of
cause of small children find it the Univerity o iuhigan under the
impossible to work and contribute T┬▒tlcuwity or the Board ia Control of
to the family income. Many work- LU'nt Pthieations.
ing wives of students feel it fi- Editorial Staff
nancially impossible for them to Paul Harsha.........Managing Editor
have children at this time. Per- Clayton Dickey............ City Editor
haps they are young enough to I Milton Freudenheim..Editorial Director
wait to have a family-I no long- Mary Brush........... Associate Editor
er am. Ann Kutz............. Associate Editor
One would-be wit has suggested Clyde Recht .......... Associate Editor
veterans might like a Cadillac in Jack Martin'............Sports Editor
Archie Par.sons. .Associate Sports Editor
which to ride to school. We Jcan Wilk ............Women's Editor
wouldn't exactly want one-no !Lois Kelso .. Associate Women's Editor
garages at Willow Run, you know. '3 )1e )(arva...Research Assistant
Besides, the proceeds of the sale of
the one we had has enabled us to Business Staff
have jam on our toast instead of Robert E. Potter .... General Manager
eating it dry. Janet Cork ......... Business Manager
Nancy Helmick ...Advertising Manager





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